FACTOID # 1: Idaho produces more milk than Iowa, Indiana and Illinois combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Sergei Parajanov
Sergei Parajanov and Lilya Brik, a sister of Aragon's wife Elsa Triolet.

Sergei Parajanov (Armenian: Սարգիս Հովսեփի Փարաջանյան Sargis Hovsepi Parajanyan; Georgian: სერგეი (სერგო) ფარაჯანოვი; Russian: Сергей Иосифович Параджанов Sergej Iosifovich Paradzhanov; also spelled Paradzhanov or Paradjanov, (January 9, 1924 - July 20, 1990), is considered by many to be one of the most original and critically-acclaimed filmmakers of the 20th century. His work reflected the ethnic diversity of Ukraine and of the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan) where he was raised. copied from http://www. ... copied from http://www. ... Lilya Brik Lilya Yurevna Brik (alternatively spelled Lili or Lily, Russian: Лиля Юрьевна Брик; 1891 - August 4, 1978) was wife of Osip Brik, muse of Vladimir Mayakovsky and a sister of Elsa Triolet. ... Elsa Triolet. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ...

Contents

Biography

He was born to Armenian parents Iosif Paradjanyan and Siranush Bejanyan, in Tbilisi, Georgia. In 1945, Parajanov traveled to Moscow, enrolled in the directing department at VGIK, one of the oldest and highly respected film schools of Europe, and studied under the tutelage of directors Igor Savchenko and Aleksandr Dovzhenko. Tbilisi (Georgian თბილისი) — is the capital city of the country Georgia, located on the shore of Kura (Mtkvari) river, at 41°43′N 44°47′E. Tbilisi is also known by its former Turkish name Tiflis. ... The All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography is the worlds oldest educational institution in Cinematography, founded in 1919. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Alexander Dovzhenko was a Soviet filmmaker. ...


In 1950 Parajanov married his first wife, Nigyar Kerimova in Moscow. She came from a Muslim Tatar family and converted to Eastern Orthodox Christianity to marry Parajanov, to terrible consequences: she was later murdered by her relatives in retaliation for her conversion. As a result of this tragic event Parajanov moved to Kiev. There he produced several documentaries (Dumka, Golden Hands, Natalia Uzhvy) and a handful of narrative films based on Ukrainian and Moldovan folktales, such as Andriesh, Ukrainian Rhapsody, and Flower on the Stone. He became fluent in Ukrainian, remarried (Svetlana Ivanovna Sherbatiuk in 1956) and had a son (Suren, 1958). For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Historically, the term Tatar (or Tartar) has been ambiguously used by Europeans to refer to many different peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ...

Ivan and Palagna at their wedding in Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors
Ivan and Palagna at their wedding in Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors

In 1964 he directed Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors, which won numerous international awards including the prestigious BAFTA award given by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Despite the numerous awards it received and its frequent comparison with Sergei Eisenstein's The Battleship Potemkin, Parajanov's Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors did not conform to the strict standards of the Soviet board of censors. Unwilling to alter his film, Parajanov was quickly blacklisted. However, this film proved that Parajanov was a man with no analogy in the world of art and a poet of God. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (Ukrainian: , Tini zabutykh predkiv; also called Shadows of Our Forgotten Ancestors, Shadows of Our Ancestors, and Wild Horses of Fire) is a 1964 film by the Soviet filmmaker Sergei Parajanov based on the book by Ukrainian writer Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Color of Pomegranates (originally released in the Armenian SSR as Sayat Nova) is a 1968 highly original art film by the Soviet director Sergei Parajanov, considered a masterpiece by Federico Fellini, Jean-Luc Godard and Michelangelo Antonioni and perhaps the most estetically beautiful of all films. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (Ukrainian: , Tini zabutykh predkiv; also called Shadows of Our Forgotten Ancestors, Shadows of Our Ancestors, and Wild Horses of Fire) is a 1964 film by the Soviet filmmaker Sergei Parajanov based on the book by Ukrainian writer Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein (Russian: Сергей Михайлович Эйзенштейн) (January 23, 1898 – February 11, 1948) was a revolutionary Soviet Russian film director and film theorist noted in particular for his silent films Strike, Battleship Potemkin and Oktober. ... The Battleship Potemkin (Russian: , ), sometimes rendered as The Battleship Potyomkin, is a 1925 silent film directed by Sergei Eisenstein and produced by Mosfilm. ...


Parajanov departed Kiev shortly afterwards for his cultural motherland of Armenia. In 1968, Parajanov embarked on Sayat Nova, a film which many consider to be his crowning achievement. Soviet censors intervened once again and immediately banned Sayat Nova for its allegedly inflammatory content. Parajanov re-edited his footage and renamed the film, The Color of Pomegranates. It remains his best-known and the most emblematic film. There has never been a film where soul and high art blend together like in Color of Pomegranates and no film has had such sublime magic like this one. It best justifies critic Alexei Korotyukov's remark: "Paradjanov made films not about how things are, but how they would have been had he been God." Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Color of Pomegranates (originally released in the Armenian SSR as Sayat Nova) is a 1968 highly original art film by the Soviet director Sergei Parajanov, considered a masterpiece by Federico Fellini, Jean-Luc Godard and Michelangelo Antonioni and perhaps the most estetically beautiful of all films. ... The Color of Pomegranates (originally released in the Armenian SSR as Sayat Nova) is a 1968 highly original art film by the Soviet director Sergei Parajanov, considered a masterpiece by Federico Fellini, Jean-Luc Godard and Michelangelo Antonioni and perhaps the most estetically beautiful of all films. ...


By December 1973, Soviet authorities grew increasingly suspicious of Parajanov's perceived subversive proclivities and sentenced him to five years in a hard labor camp for "a rape of a Communist Party member". An eclectic group of artists, filmmakers and activists protested on his behalf, but to little avail (among them, Yves Saint Laurent, Francoise Sagan, Jean Luc Godard, Francois Truffaut, Luis Bunuel, Federico Fellini, Michelangelo Antonioni, Andrei Tarkovsky). Parajanov served four years out of his five year sentence, and many credit the poet Louis Aragon's petition to the Soviet government as instrumental in Parajanov's early release. His good friend Mikhail Vartanov was one of the fighters in Parajanov's case, too. While incarcerated Parajanov produced a large number of miniature doll-like sculptures (some of which were lost). Three days before he was sentenced, Andrei Tarkovsky wrote a letter to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine, asserting -”In the last ten years Sergei Paradjanov has made only two films: Shadows of Our Forgotten Ancestors and The Colour of Pomegranates. They have influenced cinema first in the Ukraine, second in this country as a whole, and third - in the world at large? Artistically, there are few people in the entire world who could replace Paradjanov. He is guilty - guilty in his solitude. We are guilty of not thinking of him daily and of failing to discover the significance of a master.” Yves Saint-Laurent (born August 1, 1936 in Oran, Algeria) is a French fashion designer. ... Françoise Sagan (21 June 1935 - 24 September 2004), real name Françoise Quoirez, was a French playwright, novelist and screenwriter, best known for strong romantic themes involving middle-class characters. ... Jean-Luc Godard Jean-Luc Godard (born December 3, 1930) was one of the most influential members of the nouvelle vague. ... François Roland Truffaut (February 6, 1932–October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ... Luis Buñuel (February 22, 1900 - July 29, 1983) was a surrealist filmmaker. ... Federico Fellini (January 20, 1920 – October 31, 1993) was one of the most influential and widely revered film-makers of the 20th century. ... Michelangelo Antonioni (September 29, 1912 - July 30, 2007) was an Italian modernist film director whose films are widely considered as some of the most influential in film aesthetics. ... “Tarkovsky” redirects here. ... Louis Aragon (October 3, 1897 - December 24, 1982), French historian, poet and novelist. ... 20th centurys first Chechnya-born filmmaker, Mikhail Vartanov (Vardanov), was born in Grozny in 1937 to Armenian parents. ...


Upon his return from prison to Tbilisi, the close watch of Soviet censors prevented him from continuing his cinematic pursuits and steered him towards artistic outlets which he had nurtured during his time in prison. He crafted extraordinarily intricate collages, created a large collection of abstract drawings and pursued numerous other avenues of non-cinematic art which can be seen at Parajanov Museum in Yerevan. The Museum was opened in 1991, a year after Parajanov’s death. It contains more than 200 works of the artist as well as furnishings of his home in Tbilisi.

The Original Russian Poster: Ashik Kerib
The Original Russian Poster: Ashik Kerib

In the 80's, after being released from prison, Parajanov completed two near-masterpieces. By 1984, the slow thaw within the Soviet Union spurred Parajanov to resume his passion for cinema. With the encouragement of various Georgian intellectuals, Parajanov created the multi-award winning Legend of Suram Fortress based on the novella by Daniel Chonkadze, a return to cinema after an interlude of fifteen years since Sayat Nova first premiered. In 1988 Parajanov made another multi-award winning film, Ashik Kerib, based on a story by Mikhail Lermontov. It is the story of a wandering minstrel set in the Azeri culture. Parajanov dedicated the film to his close friend Andrei Tarkovsky and "to all the children from the world". Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Ashik Kerib (Russian: ) is a 1988 film by the Soviet filmmaker Sergei Parajanov based on the poem of the same name by Mikhail Lermontov. ... The Legend of the Suram Fortress (Georgian: Ambavi Suramis tsikhitsa) (1984) is film directed by Georgian-born Soviet-Armenian director Sergei Parajanov, his first film after 15 years of censorship in the Soviet Union, a film stylistically linked with his earlier The Color of Pomegranates (1968): The film consists in... Daniel Chonkadze (Georgian: ) (1830 – June 16, 1860) was a Georgian novelist primarily known for his resonant novella Suramis tsikhe (Surami Fortress). Chonkadze was born into a peasant family near Dusheti. ... Ashik Kerib (Geo. ... Mikhail Lermontov in 1837 Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (Михаил Юрьевич Лермонтов), (October 15, 1814–July 27, 1841), a Russian Romantic writer and poet, sometimes called the poet of the Caucasus, was the most important presence in the Russian poetry from Alexander Pushkins death until his own four years later, at the age... The Azeri, also referred to as Azerbaijanian Turks, are a Turkic-Muslim people. ... “Tarkovsky” redirects here. ...


Parajanov then immersed himself in a project that ultimately proved too monumental to withstand his failing health. He died of cancer in Yerevan, Armenia, on July 20, 1990, aged 66, leaving his final masterpiece, The Confession unfinished. It survives in its original negative as Paradjanov: The Last Spring, assembled by his close friend Mikhail Vartanov in 1992. He left behind a book of memoirs, also titled "The Confession". Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... 20th centurys first Chechnya-born filmmaker, Mikhail Vartanov (Vardanov), was born in Grozny in 1937 to Armenian parents. ...

Parajanov statue in Tbilisi, Georgia.

Such luminaries as Federico Fellini, Tonino Guerra, Francesco Rosi, Alberto Moravia, Giulietta Masina, Marcello Mastroianni and Bernardo Bertolucci were among those who publicly mourned his passing. In a telegram that came to Russia: "The world of cinema has lost a magician". Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (480x640, 54 KB) Sergei Parajanov statue in Tbilisi I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (480x640, 54 KB) Sergei Parajanov statue in Tbilisi I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established c. ... Federico Fellini (January 20, 1920 – October 31, 1993) was one of the most influential and widely revered film-makers of the 20th century. ... Tonino Guerra - Italian screenwriter who has collaborated with some of the most prominent writers of the world. ... Francesco Rosi (born November 15, 1922 in Naples) is an Italian film director. ... Alberto Moravia. ... An Italian actress, Giulietta Masina (1921-1994) was married to Federico Fellini from 1943 until his death, and starred in many of his films. ... Marcello Mastroianni in 1958 Marcello Vincenzo Domenico Mastroianni (September 28, 1924 – December 19, 1996) was an Italian film actor. ... Bernardo Bertolucci (born March 16, 1940) is an Italian writer and Academy Award winning film director. ...


Parajanov was a genius with more than talent - his rare visual interpretation of culture encompassed everything he had seen or felt or endured. His work was universal, unlimited, original with no direct analogies in the art world. Parajanov, a contemporary and collaborator of Fellini, amazes the viewer with imagination, beauty, fantasy and artistry.


References in popular culture

Parajanov's life story provides (quite loosely) the basis for the 2006 novel Stet by the American author James Chapman. Stet, by James Chapman (Cover painting by Michael Hafftka) Stet is a novel by the American author James Chapman; it was published by Fugue State Press in 2006. ... James Chapman (born 1955) is an American novelist and publisher. ...


Filmography

  • Parajanov: The Last Spring (1992) (segment "The Confession") http://www.parajanov.com/lastspring.html
  • Ashugi Qaribi (1988) ... aka Ashik Kerib (1988) (Soviet Union: Russian title)
  • Arabeskebi Pirosmanis temaze (1985) ... aka Arabesques on the Pirosmani Theme (1985)
  • Ambavi Suramis tsikhitsa (1984) ... aka The Legend of Suram Fortress (1984)
  • Sayat Nova (1968) ... aka The Color of Pomegranates (1969)
  • Hakob Hovnatanyan (1967)
  • Tini zabutykh predkiv (1964) ... aka Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (1967) (USA)
  • Tsvetok na kamne (1962) ... aka Flower on the Stone (1962)
  • Ukrainskaya rapsodiya (1961) ... aka Ukrainian Rhapsody (1961)
  • Pervyj paren (1959) ... aka First Lad, The (1959)
  • Dumka (1957)
  • Natalya Ushvij (1957)
  • Zolotye ruki (1957) ... aka Golden Hands (1957)
  • Andriyesh (1954)
  • Moldovskaya skazka (1951)

Ashik Kerib (Geo. ... The Legend of the Suram Fortress (Georgian: Ambavi Suramis tsikhitsa) (1984) is film directed by Georgian-born Soviet-Armenian director Sergei Parajanov, his first film after 15 years of censorship in the Soviet Union, a film stylistically linked with his earlier The Color of Pomegranates (1968): The film consists in... The Color of Pomegranates (originally released in the Armenian SSR as Sayat Nova) is a 1968 highly original art film by the Soviet director Sergei Parajanov, considered a masterpiece by Federico Fellini, Jean-Luc Godard and Michelangelo Antonioni and perhaps the most estetically beautiful of all films. ... Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (Ukrainian: , Tini zabutykh predkiv; also called Shadows of Our Forgotten Ancestors, Shadows of Our Ancestors, and Wild Horses of Fire) is a 1964 film by the Soviet filmmaker Sergei Parajanov based on the book by Ukrainian writer Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi. ...

Influences and his influence

Despite having studied film at prestigious VGIK, he discovered his cinematic genius only after seeing Andrei Tarkovsky's dreamlike first film Ivan's Childhood. Almost all great filmmakers have a limited audience. Parajanov had many admirers of his art but, like in case of Orson Welles (another unique and very different artist) his unique own vision didn't attract many followers, aside from Peter Greenaway. "Whoever tries to imitate me is lost", he reportedly said once. The All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography is the worlds oldest educational institution in Cinematography, founded in 1919. ... “Tarkovsky” redirects here. ... My Name is Ivan (in America) (aka Ivans Childhood, Ivanovo detstvo) is a Soviet film made in 1962 by Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Peter Greenaway, CBE (born 5 April 1942) is a Welsh-born English [1] film director. ...


See also

U.S. theatrical release poster for German New Wave director Werner Herzogs 1973 drama Aguirre: The Wrath of God An art film (also called an “art cinema”, “art movie”, or in the US, an independent film or “art house film”) is a typically serious, noncommercial, independently made film that... Cinema of Armenia was born on April 16, 1923, when the Armenian State Committee on Cinema was established by the government decree. ... The Cinema in Georgia is one of the best known and recognized cinematography of the world. ...

Quotes

"Direction is about truth. It's about God, love and tragedy"


"Tarkovsky, who was younger than I by ten years, was my teacher and mentor. He was the first in Ivan's Childhood to use images of dreams and memories to present allegory and metaphor. Tarkovsky helped people decipher the poetic metaphor. By studying Tarkovsky and playing different variations on him, I became stronger myself... I did not know how to do anything and I would not have done anything if there had not been Ivan's Childhood."


"He is like a god to me, a god of the aesthetic, master of style, one who created the pathology of an epoch." (on Pasolini)


"His incredible gift for fantasy is astonishing. But it only goes in one direction -- towards mystification. He possesses a headstrong passion to make his characters larger than life." (on Fellini)


"Only good can overwhelm the evil"


"Beauty will save the world"


"La vie est une fenetre"


Scripts and projects

  • "Longfellow's The Song of Hiawatha."
  • "Faust"
  • "The Confession"
  • "Ara the Beautiful"
  • "David of Susan"
  • "The Martyrdom of Shushanik"
  • "The Tresures of Mount Ararat"
  • "Intermezzo"
  • "Demon"
  • "Miracle of Odense"
  • "Golden Edge"

External links

If you like to know more about this unique artist, see:


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sergei Parajanov - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (259 words)
Sergei Parajanov or Paradjanov (Armenian: [Sargis Hovsepi Parajanyan 9 January 1924 20 July 1990).
One of the most original and critically-acclaimed filmmakers of the 20th century was born in Tbilisi, Georgia, Soviet to an Armenian family.
Sergei Parajanov and Lilya Brik, a sister of Aragon's wife Elsa Triolet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m