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Encyclopedia > Sergeant Stubby
Stubby, as the Georgetown mascot
Stubby, as the Georgetown mascot

Sergeant Stubby (1916 or 191716 March 1926), was the most decorated war dog of World War I, and the only dog to be promoted to sergeant through combat. Image File history File links StubbyTheGeorgetownTerrier. ... Image File history File links StubbyTheGeorgetownTerrier. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A war dog is a dog trained for war. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries, police forces, and other uniformed organisations around the world. ...


Stubby was found on the Yale campus in 1917 by John Robert Conroy. He was of unknown breed; some sources speculated that he was part Boston Terrier[1] while his obituary described him as a "Bull terrier" (which was at the time synonymous with "American Bull Terrier" and "Pit Bull terrier").[2] Stubby marched with Conroy and even learned an approximate salute. When Conroy's unit shipped out to France, Stubby was smuggled aboard the USS Minnesota. YALE (Yet Another Learning Environment) is an environment for machine learning experiments and data mining. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... The Boston Terrier is a breed of dog originating in the United States of America. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The American Pit Bull Terrier is one of several bull terrier breeds, often kept as a pet. ... USS Minnesota (BB-22), a Connecticut-class battleship, was the second ship of the United States Navy in honor of the 32nd state. ...

Contents

Military service

Stubby served with the 102nd Infantry, 26th (Yankee) Division in the trenches in France for 18 months and participated in four offensives and 17 battles. He entered combat on February 5, 1918, at Chemin des Dames, north of Soissons, and was under constant fire, day and night for over a month. In April 1918, during a raid to take Schieprey, Stubby was wounded in the foreleg by the retreating Germans throwing hand grenades. He was sent to the rear for convalescence, and as he had done on the front was able to improve morale. When he recovered from his wounds, Stubby returned to the trenches. After being gassed himself, Stubby learned to warn his unit of poison gas attacks, located wounded soldiers in no man's land, and — since he could hear the whine of incoming artillery shells before humans could — became very adept at letting his unit know when to duck for cover. He was even solely responsible for capturing a German spy in the Argonne. Following the retaking Château-Thierry by the US, the thankful women of the town made Stubby a chamois coat on which were pinned his many medals. There is also a legend that while in Paris with Corporal Conroy, Stubby saved a young girl from being hit by a car. At the end of the war, Conroy smuggled Stubby home. The 26th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. // Activated: July 1917 (National Guard Division from Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont). ... Trench warfare is a form of war in which both opposing armies have static lines of fortifications dug into the ground, facing each other. ... The Chemin des Dames, literally, the Ladies Way, was a pleasure walk along a ridge offering views across the Aisne and the surrounding landscape, and designated by the French king, Louis XV for the amusement of his daughters. ... Soissons is a town and commune in the Aisne département, Picardie, France, located on the Aisne River, about 60 miles northeast of Paris. ... A hand grenade is a hand-held bomb, made to be thrown by a soldier. ... Early detection of chemical agents Sociopolitical climate of chemical warfare While the study of chemicals and their military uses was widespread in China, the use of toxic materials has historically been viewed with mixed emotions and some disdain in the West (especially when the enemy were doing it). ... 29th Infantry Battalion, 2nd Division, Canadian Corps. ... Combatants United States German Empire Commanders John J. Pershing Georg von der Marwitz Strength American Expeditionary Force German Fifth Army Casualties 26,277 killed 95,786 wounded 122,066 total 28,000 killed 92,250 wounded 120,250 total The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was the final offensive of World War... Château-Thierry is a commune of north-eastern France, about 56 miles east-northeast of Paris. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Corporal is a rank in use in some form by most militaries, police forces or other uniformed organizations around the world. ...


After the War

After returning home, Stubby became a celebrity and marched in, and normally led, many parades across the country. He met Woodrow Wilson, Calvin Coolidge, and Warren G Harding. He attended Georgetown University with Conroy, and became the Hoyas' mascot. He would be given the football at halftime, and would nudge the ball around the field to the amusement of the fans. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924), was the 28th President of the United States. ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 - August 2, 1923) was an American politician and the 29th President of the United States, from 1921 to 1923, when he became the sixth president to die in office. ... Georgetown University is an elite private research university located in Georgetown, Washington, D.C., United States. ... The Georgetown Hoyas are the athletics teams that officially represent Georgetown University in college sports. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... ...


Medals and awards

Stubby was made a life member of the American Legion, the Red Cross, and the YMCA. In 1921, the Humane Education Society awarded him a special gold medal for service to his country. It was presented by General John Pershing. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Anarchist Black Cross was originally called the Anarchist Red Cross. The band Redd Kross was originally called Red Cross. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... This article is about the association. ... John Joseph Black Jack Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was an officer in the United States Army. ...

  • 3 Service Stripes
  • Yankee Division YD Patch
  • French Medal Battle of Verdun
  • 1st Annual American Legion Convention Medal
  • New Haven WW1 Veterans Medal
  • Republic of France Grande War Medal
  • St Mihiel Campaign Medal
  • Wound stripe, replaced with Purple Heart when introduced in 1932
  • Chateau Thierry Campaign Medal
  • 6th Annual American Legion Convention
  • Humane Education Society Gold Medal

In 1926, Stubby died in Conroy's arms. His remains are featured in the Smithsonian exhibit, The Price of Freedom: Americans at War. A Service stripe is a decoration of the United States military which is presented to enlisted members of the U.S. Navy, U.S. Army, U.S. Coast Guard, and United States Marines upon completion of three years of military service. ... Combatants  France  German Empire Commanders Philippe Pétain Robert Nivelle Erich von Falkenhayn Strength About 30,000 on 21 February 1916 About 150,000 on 21 February 1916 Casualties 378,000; of whom 120,000 died. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A wound stripe was awarded to Allied soldiers during World War I who had been wounded in combat. ... For other meanings see Purple Heart (disambiguation). ... The Battle of Chateau Thierry was fought on July 18, 1918. ... The Smithsonian castle, as seen through the garden gate. ...

Sergeant Stubby's brick at the WWI Memorial
Sergeant Stubby's brick at the WWI Memorial

Stubby was honored with a brick in the Walk of Honor at the United States World War I monument, Liberty Memorial, in Kansas City at a ceremony held on November 11, 2006. Image File history File links Sgt_Stubby's_brick_at_Liberty_Memorial. ... Image File history File links Sgt_Stubby's_brick_at_Liberty_Memorial. ... Liberty Memorial Liberty Memorial, in Kansas City, is dedicated to the victory of liberty over oppression, in World War I against the Triple Alliance. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Armistice Day Celebrations in Toronto, Canada - 1918 Armistice Day is the anniversary of the official end of World War I, November 11, 1918. ...


See also

Military animals are creatures that have been employed by humankind for use in warfare. ... Chips the dog was the most decorated war dog from World War II. Chips was a German Shepherd-Collie-Husky mix owned by Edward J. Wren of Pleasantville, NY. During the war, private citizens like Wren donated their dogs for duty. ...

Sources

  1. ^ Richmond, Derek (2003-11-04), "From Mascot to Military, Stubby Left Pawprints on Hilltop and Beyond," The Hoya of Georgetown University. Retrieved from http://www.thehoya.com/sports/110403/sports12.cfm on 2007-02-26.
  2. ^ "STUBBY OF A.E.F. ENTERS VALHALLA" Connecticut Military Department, reprint from the "New York Times", 4 April 1926. Retrieved from http://www.ct.gov/mil/cwp/view.asp?a=1351&q=257958 on 2007-03-16.
  • The Hoya of Georgetown University, "From Mascot to Military, Stubby Left Pawprints on Hilltop and Beyond", November 4, 2003.
  • Smithsonian Institution, "The Price of Freedom: Americans at War -- Stubby"
  • Connecticut Military Department, "Stubby the Military Dog"
  • History Wired, "Stubby," WW I Canine Hero 1921 [1]

 
 

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