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Encyclopedia > Serenity (film)
Serenity

Film poster
Directed by Joss Whedon
Produced by Christopher Buchanan
David V. Lester
Barry Mendel
Alisa Tager
Written by Joss Whedon
Starring Nathan Fillion
Summer Glau
Adam Baldwin
Chiwetel Ejiofor
Gina Torres
Alan Tudyk
Morena Baccarin
Jewel Staite
Sean Maher
Ron Glass
David Krumholtz
Music by David Newman
Cinematography Jack N. Green
Editing by Lisa Lassek
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release date(s) Flag of Australia September 29, 2005
Flag of the United States September 30, 2005
Flag of the United Kingdom October 7, 2005
Running time 119 min.
Country United States
Language English
Budget $39,000,000
Preceded by Serenity: Those Left Behind
Followed by Serenity: Better Days
Official website
All Movie Guide profile
IMDb profile

Serenity is a 2005 science fiction space western/epic film written and directed by Joss Whedon. It follows on from the cancelled Fox science fiction television series Firefly, taking place about two months after the events of the final episode.[1] Set 510 years in the future, Serenity is the story of the captain and crew of a transport and cargo ship. The captain and first mate are veterans of a Unification War, having fought on the losing side. Their lives of petty crime are interrupted by a psychic passenger who harbors a dangerous secret. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x889, 100 KB)Current poster for the movie Serenity File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... German Three sheet Movie poster for Metropolis. ... Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an Academy Award-nominated American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... Barry Mendel is a Rye Country Day School graduate who has produced various films including: Rule of the Bone (2006) (pre-production) (producer) Flora Plum (2006) (filming) (producer) Munich (2005) (producer) Serenity (2005) (producer) The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (2004) (producer) The Royal Tenenbaums (2001) (producer) Unbreakable (2000) (producer... Nathan Fillion (born March 27, 1971) is a Canadian actor, known for his lead role in the television series Firefly. ... Summer Glau (born July 24, 1981 in San Antonio, Texas) is an American dancer and actress, best known for her role as River Tam in the short-lived science fiction series Firefly and follow-up movie Serenity. ... Adam Baldwin (born February 27, 1962) is an American actor. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Gina Torres (born April 25, 1969) is an American television and movie actress. ... Alan Wray Tudyk (born March 16, 1971) is an American stage, film, and television actor. ... Morena Baccarin as Inara Serra on Firefly. ... Jewel Belair Staite (born June 2, 1982 in White Rock, British Columbia, Canada) is a Canadian actress, best known for her role in Firefly and the subsequent film Serenity. ... Sean Maher as Simon Tam in Firefly Sean Maher (born April 16, 1975 in Pleasantville, New York) is an American actor, best known for his role as Simon Tam in the short-lived science fiction television series Firefly. ... Ron Glass (born July 10, 1945 in Evansville, Indiana) is an American actor, best known for his role as the witty Detective Ron Harris in the long-running television sitcom Barney Miller (1975-1982). ... David Krumholtz (born May 15, 1978) is an American actor. ... David Newman (b. ... Jack Green (b. ... Lisa Lassek is a film producer and editor whose credits include her role as Associative Producer for the television series Firefly. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This is a list of film-related events in 2005. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Space Western is a subgenre of science fiction that transposes themes of American Western books and film to a backdrop of futuristic space frontiers; it is the opposite of the science fiction western, which transposes science fiction themes onto an American Western setting. ... The epic film is a film genre typically featuring expensive production values, an emotionally moving music soundtrack, and dramatic themes. ... Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an Academy Award-nominated American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... A broadcast of the long-running and popular British science-fiction series Doctor Who. ... Firefly is an American science fiction television series created by writer/director Joss Whedon, creator of Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, under his Mutant Enemy Productions. ... Objects in Space is the fourteenth and final episode of the science fiction television series Firefly created by Joss Whedon. ... For the European war sometimes referred to as the Unification War, see Austro-Prussian War. ...


The film was released in North America on September 30, 2005 by Universal Pictures. It received generally positive reviews and opened at number two, taking in $10.1 million its first weekend, spending two weeks in the top ten, and totaling a domestic box office gross of $25.5 million and a foreign box office gross of $13.3 million.[2] Serenity won film of the year awards from Film 2005[3] and FilmFocus.[4] It also won IGN Film's Best Sci-Fi, Best Story and Best Trailer awards and was runner up for the Overall Best Movie.[5] It also won the Nebula Award for Best Script for 2005, the 7th annual 'User Tomato Awards' for best Sci-Fi movie of 2005 at Rotten Tomatoes, the 2006 viewers choice Spacey Award for favorite movie, the 2006 Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form[6] and the 2006 Prometheus Special Award. is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... Film 2006 is a weekly film review show on the BBC. The first series was broadcast in 1972 under the title Film 72, and the title has been updated annually to match the year of broadcast. ... FilmFocus is a British film website which has been running since January 2004. ... For other uses, see IGN (disambiguation). ... Winners of the Nebula Award for Best Script. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Spacey Awards (also referred to as The Spaceys) are awards presented by the Canadian cable network Space: The Imagination Station. ... The Hugo Awards are given annually by members of the World Science Fiction Convention for the best science fiction or fantasy works. ... The Prometheus Award is an award for libertarian science fiction novels given out annually by the Libertarian Futurist Society (which also publishes a quarterly journal, Prometheus). ...


Among fans, the film is commonly referred to as the "Big Damn Movie" (or "BDM"),[7] a reference to a line from a Firefly episode in which Mal and Zoe call themselves "big damn heroes" after rescuing River and Simon "just in the nick of time". Serenity is a rare occurrence in the industry: a short-lived TV show continued as a major motion picture.[8] Safe is the fifth episode of science-fiction television series Firefly created by Joss Whedon. ...

Contents

Production

The film is based on Firefly, a television series cancelled by Fox television in December 2002, after 11 of its 14 produced episodes had aired.[9] When attempts to have another network acquire the show failed, creator Joss Whedon attempted to sell it as a film. Through a business connection, he was introduced to Mary Parent with Universal Pictures, who immediately signed on after watching the episodes on DVD.[9] By June 2003, actors Nathan Fillion and Adam Baldwin confirmed the deal on the official Firefly forum, as did Whedon in several interviews.[10][11][12] Mary Parent is a producer for and former head of Universal Studios. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... Nathan Fillion (born March 27, 1971) is a Canadian actor, known for his lead role in the television series Firefly. ... Adam Baldwin (born February 27, 1962) is an American actor. ...


After Universal Studios acquired the movie rights to Firefly from Fox, Whedon began writing the screenplay. Universal planned to begin shooting in October 2003, but delays in finishing the script postponed the start of shooting to June 2004.[9] Universal, while on board with the movie, was not willing to spend the typical $100 million for a story set in space. Whedon convinced them he could do it for less money, without filming in Canada, and do it in 50 days, instead of the usual 80.[13] On March 3, 2004 the movie was officially greenlighted to enter production and was revealed to have a budget of under $40 million.[14] Typically, production of a movie would try to save money by not filming in Los Angeles, but Whedon insisted on staying local, and hiring a local union crew. This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To greenlight a project, in the context of the movie business, is to formally approve production finance, thereby allowing the project to move forward from the development phase to pre-production and, barring disasters, principal photography. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Principal photography began on June 3, 2004. Joss Whedon said that the film would be titled Serenity, in order to differentiate it from the TV series. (Whedon also mentions in the Serenity DVD commentary that Fox still owned the rights to the name 'Firefly').[15] All nine principal cast members from the television series (Adam Baldwin, Alan Tudyk, Gina Torres, Jewel Staite, Morena Baccarin, Nathan Fillion, Ron Glass, Sean Maher, and Summer Glau) returned for the movie. On September 17, 2004, Whedon announced on the movie's official website that shooting had been completed. is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Adam Baldwin (born February 27, 1962) is an American actor. ... Alan Wray Tudyk (born March 16, 1971) is an American stage, film, and television actor. ... Gina Torres (born April 25, 1969) is an American television and movie actress. ... Jewel Belair Staite (born June 2, 1982 in White Rock, British Columbia, Canada) is a Canadian actress, best known for her role in Firefly and the subsequent film Serenity. ... Morena Baccarin as Inara Serra on Firefly. ... Nathan Fillion (born March 27, 1971) is a Canadian actor, known for his lead role in the television series Firefly. ... Ron Glass (born July 10, 1945 in Evansville, Indiana) is an American actor, best known for his role as the witty Detective Ron Harris in the long-running television sitcom Barney Miller (1975-1982). ... Sean Maher as Simon Tam in Firefly Sean Maher (born April 16, 1975 in Pleasantville, New York) is an American actor, best known for his role as Simon Tam in the short-lived science fiction television series Firefly. ... Summer Glau (born July 24, 1981 in San Antonio, Texas) is an American dancer and actress, best known for her role as River Tam in the short-lived science fiction series Firefly and follow-up movie Serenity. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Whedon's task was to explain the premise of a television series that few had seen without boring new viewers or longtime fans. He shifts perspectives several times in the opening sequence, from a traditional narrative to a schoolroom setting, which turns out to be in River's mind, and so on, with information constantly stimulating the viewer's mind. Whedon said in the DVD commentary that the approach works thematically as well, since it depicts River's fractured state of mind. When they reach the ship, Whedon uses a long tracking shot to establish "safety".[16]

Adam Baldwin on top of the mule, which is shown here attached to the rig created to help achieve the effect of a hover craft.
Adam Baldwin on top of the mule, which is shown here attached to the rig created to help achieve the effect of a hover craft.

Since the budget was not very large, practical special effects were used as much as possible: if a CGI composite was required, as many tangible sets and props as possible were constructed to minimize the use of CGI effects.[17] The most technically challenging scene was the mule skiff chase.[17] For budgetary reasons, a gimbal (a hydraulic turntable) and CGI, much like those used in the pod race in Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, were quickly ruled out, creating a challenge for the production team to find an alternative.[13] Instead, the crew fashioned a trailer with a cantilevered arm attached to the "hovercraft" and shot the scene while riding up Templin Highway north of Santa Clarita.[13] As Serenity visual effects supervisor Loni Peristere stated in a Los Angeles Times article, "Traditionally this would have been, like, a 30-day shoot. I think we did it in five."[13] Image File history File links Ffmuleskiff. ... Image File history File links Ffmuleskiff. ... Computer-generated imagery (commonly abbreviated as CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics (or more specifically, 3D computer graphics) to special effects in films, television programs, commercials, simulators and simulation generally, and printed media. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 film by George Lucas starring Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, and Jake Lloyd. ... Templin Highway is a two-lane road from Interstate 5 and the old Golden State Highway east to the north end of the Castaic Reservoir in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ...


One cost-cutting item that could not be reused from the television show was the original set of the interior of the spaceship Serenity, which had to be entirely rebuilt using frozen images from the Firefly DVD set.[13] Zoic Studios, the CG-rendering company that produced the graphics for the series, had to perform a complete overhaul of their computer model of Serenity, as the television model would not stand up to the high-definition scrutiny of cinema screens (and HD DVD resolution).[18][19] Zoic Studios - written as ZOIC - is a special effects company based in Culver City, California which primarily deals with computer generated special effects for movies and television. ... HD-DVD disc HD DVD (for High Density Digital Versatile Disc) is a digital optical media format which is being developed as one standard for high-definition DVD. HD DVD is similar to the competing Blu-ray Disc, which also uses the same CD sized (120 mm diameter) optical data...


The set for the failed colony, Miranda, was filmed on location at Diamond Ranch High School in Pomona, California.[20] (The building into which the Alliance ship is crashed is the DRHS Band and Orchestra's rehearsal room.) Diamond Ranch High School (or sometimes called by its acronym, DRHS) is a high school (secondary school) operated by the Pomona Unified School District (PUSD) in California, located on the hills where Diamond Bar and Phillips Ranch (a master-planned community located in the southwestern portion of the city limits...


Renowned comic book artist Bernie Wrightson, co-creator of Swamp Thing, contributed concept drawings for the Reavers.[21] Other comic book artists who contributed to the production design include Joshua Middleton and Leinil Francis Yu (Visual Companion). Swamp Thing, created by Bernie Wrightson. ... For other uses, see Swamp Thing (disambiguation). ... Glimpse of a Reaver during their raid on Lilac in Serenity Reavers are a fictional group of humans in the television series Firefly and the movie Serenity who live on the fringes of civilized space and have become animalistic. ... Joshua Middleton is a comic book artist currently signed exclusive to DC Comics. ... Leinil Francis Yu Leinil Francis Yu is a Filipino comic book artist, who began to work for the American market through Wildstorm Productions. ...


Stunt coordinator Chad Stahelski created a customised fighting style for Summer Glau to use in the film's fight scenes. It was a hybrid of Kung Fu, kickboxing and elements of ballet, all combined to create a "balletic" martial art.[22] Alternative meaning: Kung Fu (TV series) Kung fu or gongfu (功夫, Pinyin: gōngfu) is a well-known Chinese term used in the West to designate Chinese martial arts. ... Kicking to left side Kickboxing refers to sport-fighting using kicks and punches and sometimes throws and bows representing a certain martial art or can be practiced for general fitness, or as a full-contact sport. ... For other uses, see Ballet (disambiguation). ...


Plot

Five hundred years in the future, mankind has abandoned Earth and moved en masse to another large star system. National governments no longer exist, and political power instead resides with the interplanetary Alliance government. People on the "central planets" pursue a wealthy and cultured lifestyle and are tightly ruled by the Alliance. In contrast, life on the partially-colonized "outer rim" planets more closely resembles that of the American Old West. Alliance Flag Alternate Alliance Flag In the Firefly television series, the Alliance is a powerful government and law-enforcement organization that controls a large sector of colonized core planets. ... The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ...


The crew of the cargo ship Serenity ekes out a living in the outer rim, dodging both the Alliance and the savage spacefaring cannibals known as Reavers. Crewmember Simon Tam, who has given up his career as a physician to rescue his sister River from a secret Alliance program to create a unit of psychic warriors, objects when the ship's captain, the emotionally-scarred Malcolm "Mal" Reynolds, takes River along on a bank heist. The job is disrupted by a Reaver attack, but thanks to River's early warning, the team narrowly escapes back to Serenity. Simon, enraged that his sister was put in such danger, declares that they will leave the ship as soon as possible. For other uses, see Serenity Serenity is a fictional spaceship originally featured in the science fiction television series Firefly. ... Glimpse of a Reaver during their raid on Lilac in Serenity Reavers are a fictional group of humans in the television series Firefly and the movie Serenity who live on the fringes of civilized space and have become animalistic. ... Simon Tam is a fictional doctor, played by Sean Maher, who originally appeared in Joss Whedon’s short-lived cult-hit television series Firefly. ... River Tam is a fictional character played by Summer Glau. ... Malcolm Mal Reynolds is a fictional character leading the ensemble in the science fiction television series Firefly, played by actor Nathan Fillion. ...


The crew disembarks to allow Mal to meet the men who hired them for the heist. River enters the bar where the meeting is taking place and, after watching an advert on a screen, begins assaulting the other patrons. She is only stopped when Simon shouts out a code phrase that, because of River's mental conditioning, causes her to pass out. Mal takes her and her brother back to the ship. The crew contacts a reclusive techno-geek called Mr. Universe, who analyzes the bar's security camera footage and discovers that River's assault was triggered by a subliminal message. Unbeknownst to the crew, the signal was planted by the Operative, a self-described monster with no name, rank, or official existence, who is hunting River and Simon on behalf of the Alliance. This article is about minor characters in the television series Firefly. ... A subliminal message is a signal or message embedded in another object, designed to pass below the normal limits of perception. ... This article is about minor characters in the television series Firefly. ...


Mal receives a call from Inara Serra, a former passenger, who asks for help with local unrest. Recognizing the request as an Alliance trap, Mal believes that confrontation is necessary to determine what is happening. He goes to her and meets the Operative, who offers to release Mal if he surrenders River. Mal refuses and, after a brief fight with the Operative- which he only escapes from thanks to a distraction planted by Inara- escapes with Inara back to Serenity. River discovers that the source of her inner torment, "Miranda", is an outer rim planet that was deemed uninhabitable and removed from navigational charts. However, traveling there would require passing through Reaver territory, so the crew instead goes to Haven, now home to another former passenger, Shepherd Book. The crew arrives to find Book fatally wounded and the Haven colony destroyed by an Alliance attack. Mal learns that the Alliance has laid waste to all of Serenity's sanctuaries and receives a message from the Operative, who promises more of the same until River is surrendered. Inara Serra is a character from the science-fiction television series Firefly, created by Joss Whedon. ... Unofficial diagram of the Firefly universe. ... Unofficial diagram of the Firefly universe. ... Derrial Book is a fictional character played by Ron Glass in the science-fiction/Western television series Firefly and its sequel movie, Serenity. ...


Overriding his crew's protests, Mal has Serenity disguised as a Reaver vessel. They pass through a Reaver spacefleet unscathed and discover that Miranda is habitable, but its cities contain only corpses. The crew finds a transmission from an Alliance officer, which explains that the Alliance attempted to achieve permanent peace on the planet by pumping a drug designed to suppress aggression into the atmosphere. Instead, the drug suppressed the population's motivation to do anything, and they died of starvation. Meanwhile, 0.1% of the population experienced the opposite reaction: they became the first of the hyper-violent Reavers. Mal plans to disseminate this information to the entire system via Mr. Universe's powerful transmitters, but the Operative waits there with a fleet of Alliance ships. Mal anticipates this and during the return trip fires upon a Reaver vessel, which causes the entire Reaver fleet to give chase. Arriving at Mr. Universe's planet, a massive battle between the Alliance and Reavers ensues, which allows Serenity's pilot Wash to fly down to the planet. The Operative follows them in an escape pod after the destruction of his ship in the battle. Hoban Wash Washburne is a fictional character who originated in the science fiction television series Firefly. ...


Struck by an EMP from a pursuing Reaver ship, Serenity crash-lands on the surface. The crew survives, but then a Reaver harpoon smashes into the ship's cockpit, killing Wash instantly. Fleeing the ship, the crew prepares a last stand against the Reavers to allow Mal sufficient time to transmit the message. Mal finds Mr. Universe murdered and his equipment destroyed, but triggers a message revealing the location of a hidden backup transmitter. The crew at first maintains their defense, but injuries begin to mount, and they retreat behind a blast door. The door fails to close completely, so River dives through the opening and seals the door, leaving herself trapped with the Reavers. The term electromagnetic pulse (EMP) has the following meanings: electromagnetic radiation from an explosion (especially a nuclear explosion) or an intensely fluctuating magnetic field caused by Compton-recoil electrons and photoelectrons from photons scattered in the materials of the electronic or explosive device or in a surrounding medium. ... A blast shelter is a place where people can go to protect themselves from bomb blasts. ...


Mal and the Operative reach the secondary transmitter and have a final showdown. Despite the Operative's superior skill, an old injury of Mal's renders a supposedly incapacitating move by the Operative useless, enabling Mal to gain the upper hand. However, he spares the Operative's life, leaving him to watch the broadcast of the Alliance secret. As Mal rejoins the crew, the blast doors reopen to reveal River standing amidst piles of dead Reavers. Alliance troops burst onto the scene and ask the Operative for a kill order. With the Alliance's secret revealed and his personal belief in the Alliance's social engineering methods shattered, he orders the troops to stand down.


The crew buries Mr. Universe, Shepherd Book, and Wash, and patches up Serenity. As the ship prepares to leave, the Operative warns Mal that while the two of them will never meet again, and the Alliance is weakened, "They are not gone, and they are not forgiving." Serenity blasts off with Mal and River, both of them healed of their mental wounds, sitting at the controls.


Themes

While the film depicts the Alliance as an all-powerful, authoritarian-style regime, Whedon is careful to point out that it is not so simple as that. "The Alliance isn't some evil empire", he explains, but rather a largely benevolent bureaucratic force. The Alliance's main problem is that it seeks to govern everyone, regardless of whether they desire to belong to the central government or not.[23] What the crew of Serenity, and specifically Mal and his lifestyle, represent is the idea that people should have the right to make their own decisions, even if those decisions are bad.[24]


The Operative embodies the Alliance and is, as Whedon described, the "perfect product of what's wrong with the Alliance". He is someone whose motives are to achieve a good end, a "world without sin". The Operative believes so strongly in this idea that he willingly compromises his humanity in furtherance of it. In contrast, Mal is, at the movie's beginning, a man who has lost all faith.[25] By the end of the movie, however, Mal has finally come to believe in something—individual liberty—so strongly that he becomes willing to lay down his life to preserve it.[26][24] Whedon has said that the most important line in the film is Mal's contented promise to the Operative at its climax: "I'm going to show you a world without sin." Whedon's point is that a world without sin is a world without choice, and that choice is ultimately what defines humanity.[24]


Cinematic and cultural allusions

The series appears to be influenced by the post-American Civil War Reconstruction period[27], with Malcolm Reynolds facing obstacles similar to those of landless Southerners competing against carpetbaggers and elites, and, it has been suggested, the Reavers standing in for the Indians.[28][29] Shepherd Book describes himself as a Christian, and shows generosity. Inara pays homage to a Buddhist statue, and in Jewish tradition, Mr. Universe breaks a wine glass during his "marriage" with his love-bot Lenore. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation). ... In United States history, carpetbaggers were Northerners who moved to the South during Reconstruction between 1865 and 1877. ... For other uses, see Elite (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ...

An example of the Wild West influenced clothing and weaponry in Firefly and Serenity.
An example of the Wild West influenced clothing and weaponry in Firefly and Serenity.

Serenity costumes are influenced by Wild West style: natural materials such as wool, cotton, and leather in drab earth tones predominate. Some clothing also reflects an east, south, and southeast Asian and Indian fusion of color and beauty[30] as well as influences from the American Civil War, late 19th century as well as the 1930s depression era. Mal's suspenders are strongly influenced by a World War 2 design.[31] The clothing of the Alliance organization within the series is monolithically monochromatic, similar to the uniforms of the Galactic Empire in the Star Wars films and are actually reused Starship Troopers uniforms.[32] Serenity appears to be influenced by Western genre set design, in particular, entertainment programs set in the West during the 1970s and 1980s such as Little House on the Prairie. The cramped interior of the Serenity ship itself appears to be strongly influenced by the 'the future looks worn down' precedent set by the famous fictional Star Wars spaceship the Millennium Falcon[33] but devolved even further. In a similar vein to the film Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, Serenity goes for an occasional underdone look, or "used future", as Star Wars creator George Lucas refers to it.[34] It harken s back to the film work done with the old dykstra mechanical rigs. The usual lack of sound when the virtual camera is floating in space appears to be influenced by the similar usage in 2001: A Space Odyssey.[28] Image File history File links Nathan_fillion_gun. ... Image File history File links Nathan_fillion_gun. ... Great Basin region, typical American West The Western United States has played a significant role in history and fiction. ... Great Basin region, typical American West The Western United States has played a significant role in history and fiction. ... Alliance Flag Alternate Alliance Flag In the Firefly television series, the Alliance is a powerful government and law-enforcement organization that controls a large sector of colonized core planets. ... The Galactic Empire is one of the main factions in the Star Wars universe. ... This article is about the series. ... For other uses, see Starship Troopers (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Little House On The Prairie was an American one-hour dramatic television program that aired on the NBC network from September 11, 1974 to March 21, 1983. ... The Millennium Falcon is a fictional spacecraft in the Star Wars universe commanded by smuggler Han Solo (Harrison Ford) and his Wookiee firstmate, Chewbacca (Peter Mayhew). ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... A movie poster from the original release of 2001 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) is an immensely popular and influential science fiction film and book; the film directed by Stanley Kubrick and the book written by Arthur C. Clarke. ...


Joss Whedon said in the DVD commentary track that the planet "Miranda" was named for Shakespeare's Miranda in The Tempest, who says in Act V, scene I: "O brave new world, / That has such people in't!"[26] The Alliance had hoped that Miranda would be a new kind of world, filled with peaceful, happy people, and represents the "inane optimism of the Alliance".[35] Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Serenity also owes a debt to the science fiction classics Blade Runner, Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope and Aliens. This article is about the 1982 film. ... Aliens is a 1986 science fiction/action film starring Sigourney Weaver, Michael Biehn, Lance Henriksen, Carrie Henn, Bill Paxton and Paul Reiser and is regarded by many as a benchmark for the action and science fiction genres. ...

"Serenity" was clearly written by someone who grew up worshiping at the altar of Han Solo and the space marines in Aliens, but this genre picture is still a thrillingly original science fiction creation. The writing is as good as in the best "Star Trek" episodes, while offering a thoughtfully bleak vision of the future that brings to mind Blade Runner."[36]
—Peter Hartlaub, San Francisco Chronicle

The Fruity Oaty Bar commercial is partially inspired by Mr. Sparkle, the mascot of a fictional brand of dish-washing detergent, who was featured in The Simpsons episode "In Marge We Trust".[37] Serenity is one of several films set in the future that speculates how popular culture might evolve. Other films include Blade Runner, A Clockwork Orange and The Fifth Element. This future envisioned in Serenity has two political and cultural centers: Anglo-American and Chinese. Characters all speak English and Mandarin, with the latter language reserved for the strongest curse words.[38] However, the tones and pronunciation of these Mandarin words are barely recognizable to the native Chinese speaker. While these two are the dominant languages of the film, other languages are also spoken in the Firefly / Serenity universe, including Russian (spoken by Simon during the movie). The safeword phrase that Simon uses to shut River down, "Eta kuram na smekh", is a Russian expression ("Это курам на смех"). Literally, it means, "That's for chickens to laugh at" — a Russian idiom for "That's ridiculous".[39] The English subtitles on the DVD incorrectly list the line as "[speaking Chinese]". Simpsons redirects here. ... In Marge We Trust is the twenty-second episode of The Simpsons eighth season, which originally aired April 27, 1997. ... This article is about the film. ... This article is about the 1997 film. ... This article is on all of the Northern and Southwestern Chinese dialects. ...


In the scene where Mal meets the Operative in the temple, the poem to which he refers is "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner", in which a sea captain shoots down an albatross flying above his vessel--only to have the entire crew perish because of his actions. One of a set of engraved metal plate illustrations by Gustave Doré: the Mariner up on the mast in a storm. ...


In the Reaver scene, the Reaver ship from the original Firefly pilot episode can be spotted.


There is a Biblical reference after Mal tells Mr. Universe about the Miranda tape. Mr. Universe asks The Operative (who is standing right behind him while he is talking to Mal) for his "thirty coin", referring to the thirty pieces of silver that Judas was paid to betray Jesus. This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      For other... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...


The criminals 'Fanty' and 'Mingo' whom we meet early in the movie (when River is mesmerized by the television ad in the bar) are probably references to a pair of criminals of the same names ('Fante' and 'Mingo') in the film noir The Big Combo. The Big Combo (1955) The Big Combo (1955)is director Joseph H. Lewis black-and-white film noir. ...


Promotion and releases

Hoping to generate buzz through early word-of-mouth, Universal launched an unprecedented 3-stage campaign to sneak-preview the then-unfinished movie in 35 US cities where the television series had earned high Nielsen Ratings. The first stage of screenings was held in 10 cities on May 5, 2005. The second stage, held on May 26, 2005, added an additional 10 cities and was also the source of controversy when individual theaters began selling tickets before the official announcement was made, leading some shows to be sold out before being announced. The third round of screenings, with an additional 15 cities, was held on June 23, 2005. The screenings proved a success, with all three stages selling out in less than 24 hours, the second-stage screening in Washington, D.C. sold out in a mere 22 minutes and the second screening in Phoenix sold out in 8.[40][41] When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...


Australian audiences were the first outside North America to get preview screenings. After an exclusive Sydney test screening, Melbourne held a public screening on July 21, 2005. This was followed by a film festival screening on the Gold Coast on July 22, 2005. Public preview screenings were held in Adelaide and Sydney on August 1, 2005, and Perth on August 4, 2005. Further screenings were held in Victoria, Tasmania, and Queensland in late August. This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gold Coast redirects here. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... VIC redirects here. ... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd...


There had been a screening of the unfinished film in February 2005 at the British Film Institute in London. This version of the film had a temporary score, including movements from Braveheart, as well as some unrendered effects and scenes which were later deleted. The audience comprised industry professionals and fans.


A showing of the finished film billed as the "Gala Premiere" was held at the Edinburgh International Film Festival on August 22, 2005,[42] followed by an interview with Whedon the next day,[43] and preview screenings across the United Kingdom and Ireland on August 24, 2005, in London, Birmingham, Manchester and Dublin. Several of the screenings in all the countries featured the attendance of Joss Whedon and the film's cast, followed by a Q&A session with the audience. Whedon also attended two Q&A sessions after sold-out screenings of the finished film in Melbourne and Sydney on September 12, 2005 and September 13, 2005. The Edinburgh International Film Festival or EIFF is part of the Edinburgh Festival, which takes place every August, in Edinburgh. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the British city. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Internet campaign

The trailer also generated considerable buzz on the internet. It was uploaded on April 26, 2005 and by April 28, 2005, it topped the Yahoo Buzz Index.[44][45] Universal also employed a viral marketing campaign, producing five short videos that were released on the internet between August 16, 2005 and September 5, 2005. These short films, known as the "R. Tam sessions", depicted excerpts of counseling sessions with the character River Tam while she was being held at a "learning facility" known only as "The Academy". The counselor in these sessions is played by Joss Whedon himself. Taking place before the events of the film or the television series, the videos shed some light on the experiments and torture "The Academy" conducted on River. They "document" her transformation from a shy child prodigy to the mentally unstable character of the television series.[46] is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Viral marketing and viral advertising refer to marketing techniques that use pre-existing social networks to produce increases in brand awareness, through self-replicating viral processes, analogous to the spread of pathological and computer viruses. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The title card to one of the segments The R. Tam sessions were a series of five short videos released by Joss Whedon over the internet, which were set within his fictional Firefly universe. ... River Tam is a fictional character played by Summer Glau. ...


On October 5, 2005, Universal made the first nine minutes of Serenity available online.[47] A browser plug-in allowed the viewer to see the opening of the film in full-screen broadcast quality (bandwidth permitting). The clip was removed a few weeks later. For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower cutoff frequencies of, for example, a filter, a communication channel, or a signal spectrum, and is typically measured in hertz. ...


Home video releases

Serenity Region 2 DVD case

Serenity was initially released on home video in North America on December 20, 2005. It was released on Region 1 DVD, UMD, and VHS, and the DVD quickly went to #1 in sales on Amazon.com.[48] It also spent two weeks in the top ten on Billboard's Top DVD Sales charts, peaking at #3. As of January 15, 2006, the DVD/VHS rentals of the film have grossed around $9,190,000.[49] The DVD presents the film in anamorphic widescreen with 5.1 surround sound. Included as extras are an audio commentary by Joss Whedon, deleted scenes and outtakes, and several short documentaries. These documentaries include "Future History: The Story of Earth That Was", "What's in a Firefly", and "Re-Lighting the Firefly". Also included is a short introduction to the film by Joss Whedon, and an easter egg[50] that features a small featurette on the "Fruity Oaty Bar" commercial.[51] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The following is an excerpt of the article entitled DVD. For the sake of convenience, the terms Region 0, Region 1, Region 2, Region 3, Region 4, Region 5, Region 6, Region 7 and Region 8 redirect to this page. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Region 1, Region 2 and Region 3 redirect here. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... A UMD The Universal Media Disc (UMD) is an optical disc medium developed by Sony for use on the PlayStation Portable. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... Amazon. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The first easter egg. ...


The film was released as a two-disc set in Australia (Region 4) and parts of Europe (Region 2) on February 8, 2006. This version included new features, in addition to the supplemental material found on the North American (Region 1) release. At present, disc 2 is exclusive only to Australia and Benelux— Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg. It was released in Germany as part of the special edition[52] However, other international territories may decide to release the 2nd disc as well. Added material for disc 1 includes "A Filmmaker's Journey: Journey with Joss from Script to Screen", which is available on all international DVDs, but not the US version. Added material for disc 2 includes a Joss Whedon Q&A session filmed at FOX Studios in Sydney, extended scenes, and two documentaries entitled "Take a Walk on Serenity" and "The Green Clan". An "exclusive collector's tin" version of Serenity was released for the two disk edition by the EzyDVD chain of stores in Australia.[53] is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Serenity was released on HD DVD on April 18, 2006, and was one of the first films to be released on the format. It ranked in the later 100s on Amazon.com in top selling DVDs. Given the low demand for HD DVDs at that point, this is quite notable. The disc included all of the bonus features found on the original Region 1 disc. As of November 29, 2006 Serenity was the fifteenth highest-selling HD DVD. After the title key for Serenity was copied from a software player (as documented in Muslix64's doom9 forum thread) and posted on the internet as a riddle,[54] the film soon became the first HD DVD release to be released on the bittorrent network on January 12, 2007.[55] The pirated release was a 19.6 GB 1080p VC-1 .EVO file with 5.1 DDPlus encoded sound. Although many other releases soon followed after the discoveries in muslix64's thread, Serenity's marked the beginning of widespread HD DVD pirating. HD-DVD disc HD DVD (for High Density Digital Versatile Disc) is a digital optical media format which is being developed as one standard for high-definition DVD. HD DVD is similar to the competing Blu-ray Disc, which also uses the same CD sized (120 mm diameter) optical data... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Amazon. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the protocol. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... wow mike is a flamming home i wish i wasnt his friend. ... VC-1 is the informal name of the SMPTE 421M video codec standard initially developed by Microsoft. ... Dolby Digital Plus logo Dolby Digital Plus (DD+), also known as E-AC-3, is an audio compression system that was developed specifically for the introduction of HDTV and HD DVD/Blu-ray Disc. ...


A two-disc Collector's Edition DVD of the film was released for Region 1 on August 21, 2007. According to Whedon, the excellent sales figures for the "Normal Edition" DVD allowed this release.[56] The DVD included all of the once-Australian-exclusive bonus features, sans the Joss Whedon Q&A session filmed at Fox Studios in Sydney, and with new content including a DTS 5.1 surround track, a second commentary with Whedon, Nathan Fillion, Adam Baldwin, Summer Glau and Ron Glass, the R. Tam sessions (dubbed "Session 416"), and the Sci-Fi Inside: Serenity documentary.[57][58] Universal Pictures redesigned the film's official website to reflect the new DVD set.[59] is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


"Can't Stop the Serenity" event

Beginning in January 2006, fans (with Universal's blessing) began organizing charity screenings of Serenity[60] to benefit Equality Now, a human rights organization supported by Joss Whedon. By mid-June, 41 such screenings had been confirmed for cities in Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, and the United States, and as of June 19, 2006, there were 47 scheduled screenings. The project was referred to as "Serenity Now/Equality Now" on the official website, is often referred to in shortened form as "Serenity Now", and was coordinated through Can't Stop The Serenity(sic), where a full list of screenings is also available. January 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad accuses European nations of trying to complete the Holocaust by creating a Jewish camp Israel in the Middle East. ... EQUALITY NOW is a non-governmental organization working for the protection and promotion of the human rights of women around the world. ... For other uses, see June (disambiguation). ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


STS-117

NASA astronaut Steven Swanson, a fan of the show,[61] took the Firefly and Serenity DVDs with him on Space Shuttle Atlantis' STS-117 mission, which lifted off on Saturday June 9, 2007. The DVDs will permanently reside on the International Space Station as a form of entertainment for the station's crews.[62] This article is about the American space agency. ... Astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit outside the U.S. Space Shuttle Challenger in 1984. ... Steven R. Swanson (born December 3, 1960 in Syracuse, New York) is an American astronaut. ... Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-104) is one of the fleet of space shuttles belonging to the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ... STS-117 is the current Space Shuttle mission being flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis, which launched from pad 39A of the Kennedy Space Center on June 8, 2007. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... ISS redirects here. ...


Reception

Awards

Serenity received mostly positive reviews from film critics, with a "fresh" rating of 81%[67] from the movie review website Rotten Tomatoes, which compiles reviews from a wide range of film critics. Ebert and Roeper gave the film a "Two Thumbs Up" rating, [68] and The San Francisco Chronicle called it "a triumph",[36] while The New York Times described it as a modest but superior science fiction film.[69] It is listed at #40 of top Science Fiction movies on IMDB.[70] Science fiction author Orson Scott Card called Serenity "the best science fiction film ever", further stating "If Ender's Game can't be this kind of movie, and this good a movie, then I want it never to be made. I'd rather just watch Serenity again."[71] Film 2006 is a weekly film review show on the BBC. The first series was broadcast in 1972 under the title Film 72, and the title has been updated annually to match the year of broadcast. ... FilmFocus is a British film website which has been running since January 2004. ... For the novel based on the film, see Batman Begins (novelization). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Winners of the Nebula Award for Best Script. ... The Spacey Awards (also referred to as The Spaceys) are awards presented by the Canadian cable network Space: The Imagination Station. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Hugo Award is given every year for the best science fiction or fantasy stories of the previous year, and for related areas in fandom, art and dramatic presentation. ... The SyFy Genre Awards, considered one of the first major virtual entertainment awards, is a product of the science fiction and fantasy Web site SyFy Portal. ... SFX is a British science fiction magazine, published every four weeks. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... At the Movies with Ebert & Roeper is a movie review television program featuring film critic Roger Ebert and columnist Richard Roeper, both of the Chicago Sun-Times. ... The San Francisco Chronicle, the self-described Voice of the West, is Northern Californias largest newspaper. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Enders Game (1985) is the best-known novel by Orson Scott Card. ...


However, some reviewers felt the film was unable to overcome its television origins, and did not successfully accomplish the transition to the big screen. USA Today wrote that "the characters are generally uninteresting and one-dimensional, and the futuristic Western-style plot grows tedious" while Variety declared that the film "bounces around to sometimes memorable effect but rarely soars". USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ...


Despite critical acclaim and Internet buzz, Serenity performed modestly at best at the box office. Although several pundits predicted a #1 opening,[72][73][74] the film opened at #2 in the United States, taking in $10.1 million its first weekend, spending two weeks in the top ten, and totaling a box office gross of $25.5 million.[2] Movie industry analyst Brandon Gray described Serenity's box office performance as "like a below average genre picture".[75]


Serenity's international box office results were mixed, with strong openings in the UK, Portugal and Russia, but poor results in Spain, Australia, France and Italy. Universal International Pictures canceled the film's theatrical release in at least seven countries, planning to release it directly to DVD instead. The box office income outside the United States was $13.3 million, with a worldwide total of $38.8 million,[76] slightly less than the film's $39 million budget, which does not include the promotion and advertising costs. Universal Studios logo Universal Studios is an informal designation for NBC Universal Inc. ...


Cast

The crew of Serenity at the start of the film, from left to right: Adam Baldwin, Jewel Staite, Alan Tudyk, Gina Torres, Nathan Fillion, Sean Maher, and Summer Glau.
The crew of Serenity at the start of the film, from left to right: Adam Baldwin, Jewel Staite, Alan Tudyk, Gina Torres, Nathan Fillion, Sean Maher, and Summer Glau.
  • Morena Baccarin as Inara Serra. She is a Companion and formerly rented one of Serenity's shuttles. In one of the Operative's traps, Mal is reunited with Inara at her training house, and the two escape back to Serenity.
  • Adam Baldwin as Jayne Cobb. A mercenary, skilled with weapons, is often the "main gun" for jobs and is someone who can be depended on in a fight.[77] He seems dumb, but may be smarter than he lets on.[78] As Whedon states several times, he is the person that will ask the questions that no one else wants to.[79]
  • Jewel Staite as Kaywinnit Lee "Kaylee" Frye. Kaylee, the ship's mechanic, has an intuitive, almost symbiotic, relationship with machines and is, consequently, something of a mechanical wizard. She is also notable for a persistently bright and sunny disposition.
  • Sean Maher as Simon Tam. Simon is River's loving brother who helped rescue her from the Alliance. He and River are taken in by the crew of Serenity. A trauma surgeon before the rescue, he serves as a doctor to the crew. His life is defined by his sister's needs.[78]
  • Summer Glau as River Tam. River is a seventeen-year old psychic genius. She and her brother are taken in by the crew of Serenity after he rescues her from an Alliance Academy. The Alliance's pursuit of River acts as the film's motive impulse. But, more abstractly, the film is the "story of Mal as told by River".[16]
  • Ron Glass as Shepherd Derrial Book. A shepherd, or preacher, with a mysterious past, Book was once a passenger on Serenity, but now resides on the planet Haven. Mal and the crew look to him for guidance.
  • Chiwetel Ejiofor as The Operative. A ruthless, intelligent employee of the Alliance assigned to track down River and Simon. Although Ejiofor was on the top of the casting director's list for the role, the studio wanted someone better known. Whedon, however, was eventually able to cast Ejiofor.[80]
  • David Krumholtz as Mr. Universe. A "techno-geek" with good relations with the crew of Serenity, especially Wash, Mr. Universe lives with his "love-bot" wife and monitors incoming signals from around the universe.

Image File history File links Serenity_Cast. ... Image File history File links Serenity_Cast. ... Adam Baldwin (born February 27, 1962) is an American actor. ... Jewel Belair Staite (born June 2, 1982 in White Rock, British Columbia, Canada) is a Canadian actress, best known for her role in Firefly and the subsequent film Serenity. ... Alan Wray Tudyk (born March 16, 1971) is an American stage, film, and television actor. ... Gina Torres (born April 25, 1969) is an American television and movie actress. ... Nathan Fillion (born March 27, 1971) is a Canadian actor, known for his lead role in the television series Firefly. ... Sean Maher as Simon Tam in Firefly Sean Maher (born April 16, 1975 in Pleasantville, New York) is an American actor, best known for his role as Simon Tam in the short-lived science fiction television series Firefly. ... Summer Glau (born July 24, 1981 in San Antonio, Texas) is an American dancer and actress, best known for her role as River Tam in the short-lived science fiction series Firefly and follow-up movie Serenity. ... Nathan Fillion (born March 27, 1971) is a Canadian actor, known for his lead role in the television series Firefly. ... Malcolm Mal Reynolds is a fictional character leading the ensemble in the science fiction television series Firefly, played by actor Nathan Fillion. ... For the European war sometimes referred to as the Unification War, see Austro-Prussian War. ... TV Guide is the name of two North American weekly magazines about television programming, one in the United States and one in Canada. ... Gina Torres (born April 25, 1969) is an American television and movie actress. ... Zoe Washburne (née Alleyne) is a character in the television series Firefly, played by Gina Torres. ... Alan Wray Tudyk (born March 16, 1971) is an American stage, film, and television actor. ... Hoban Wash Washburne is a fictional character who originated in the science fiction television series Firefly. ... Morena Baccarin as Inara Serra on Firefly. ... Inara Serra is a character from the science-fiction television series Firefly, created by Joss Whedon. ... Inara Serra, a Registered Companion from Firefly In the television series Firefly and its feature film sequel Serenity, a Companion is a skilled, well-educated and well-respected member of a guild of professional courtesans/entertainers, somewhat similar to oiran. ... Adam Baldwin (born February 27, 1962) is an American actor. ... Jayne Cobb is a fictional character in the science fiction television series Firefly. ... Jewel Belair Staite (born June 2, 1982 in White Rock, British Columbia, Canada) is a Canadian actress, best known for her role in Firefly and the subsequent film Serenity. ... Kaywinnit Lee Kaylee Frye[1] is a fictional character from the short-lived television series Firefly and the movie Serenity, portrayed by Jewel Staite. ... Sean Maher as Simon Tam in Firefly Sean Maher (born April 16, 1975 in Pleasantville, New York) is an American actor, best known for his role as Simon Tam in the short-lived science fiction television series Firefly. ... Simon Tam is a fictional doctor, played by Sean Maher, who originally appeared in Joss Whedon’s short-lived cult-hit television series Firefly. ... Summer Glau (born July 24, 1981 in San Antonio, Texas) is an American dancer and actress, best known for her role as River Tam in the short-lived science fiction series Firefly and follow-up movie Serenity. ... River Tam is a fictional character played by Summer Glau. ... Ron Glass (born July 10, 1945 in Evansville, Indiana) is an American actor, best known for his role as the witty Detective Ron Harris in the long-running television sitcom Barney Miller (1975-1982). ... Derrial Book is a fictional character played by Ron Glass in the science-fiction/Western television series Firefly and its sequel movie, Serenity. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article is about minor characters in the television series Firefly. ... David Krumholtz (born May 15, 1978) is an American actor. ... This article is about minor characters in the television series Firefly. ...

Soundtrack

Main article: Serenity (soundtrack)

The soundtrack to the film was released on September 27, 2005. It was composed by David Newman, and performed by the Hollywood Studio Symphony under Newman's direction. According to director Joss Whedon's sleeve notes for the album, Newman was recommended by Universal's music executives when he requested a musician capable of "everything". It is of note that the acoustic guitar version of the Ballad of Serenity, which was used at the end of the film's credits, is absent from the soundtrack. The soundtrack to the 2005 motion picture Serenity was released on September 27, 2005. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... David Newman (b. ...


Whedon's directions to Newman for the Serenity theme were that he wanted something homemade and mournful that would let viewers know that they were now "home" and evoke the idea of the pioneer, when everyone only had what they could carry.[81]


Sequels

Fans of Firefly had hoped that if Serenity was successful, it might lead either to a revival of the television series or a film franchise (colloquially referred to as the "Big Damn Trilogy", or BDT). The former was always unlikely, since Fox still owns the Firefly television rights and Joss Whedon refuses to work for Fox again.[82] Fans' hopes for further theatrical films appear to have been partially dashed by Serenity's mediocre box office showing. However, on December 1, 2005, IGN Filmforce reported that Universal had expressed an interest in making a Serenity TV movie for broadcast on the Sci Fi Channel (which is owned by Universal), and eventual DVD sale. It is expected that commissioning of a television sequel would be contingent on strong DVD sales of Serenity.[83] is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see IGN (disambiguation). ... SCI FI (originally The Sci-Fi Channel, sometimes rendered SCI FI Channel when part of a longer phrase) is an American cable television channel, launched on September 24, 1992, specializing in science fiction, fantasy, horror, and paranormal programming. ...


On June 23, 2006 a number of fans organized and spread word of "Serenity Day", on which all fans were proposed to purchase a copy of Serenity in an attempt to convince Universal that a sequel would be profitable. The significance of this day is that June 23, 2006, is the one-year anniversary of the third and final advance screening of Serenity prior to its release, and also Joss Whedon's birthday. The impact of the event could be seen from Serenity reaching #2 in the Amazon DVD Charts.[84] the highest ranking the DVD reached since January 16, 2006.[85] is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On October 1, 2006, Whedon posted a comment to the Whedonesque.com website, responding to a rumor that he was currently working on a sequel to Serenity. He wrote, "There's no sequel, no secret project regarding Serenity or somesuch and I'm not even sure how anyone thought there was talk there. I've seen Nathan and Tim (and Summer and Alan) recently because they're my friends because I'm so, yeah, awesome. So let's put that to bed and smother it with a pillow."[86] is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Whedon's response to the rumor consequently sparked many websites to publish articles stating that he would never work on a sequel to Serenity. Joss again returned to Whedonesque.com to respond to the new stories and wrote, "Holy Mother of Oats! I turn my back for five minutes (that's how long it takes to admire my lovely back) and the interweb goes banoonoos! Isn't there any ACTUAL news to get wrong? Sorry about all this; it might be best if I just stay off the computer for a while....Here's a thing: when Firefly was cancelled, my heart got broke. Sounds a bit much, but it changed me. Not even Serenity could patch that wound. I'm wearier, warier -- after all those years as a movie writer, you'd think I'd be prepared for another lesson on my unimportance in the scheme of things, but I wasn't....All these rumor of projects or the death of projects... When the two worlds align and something actually happens, whatever it is, you guys know I'll be on this site as soon as I'm allowed to be. And I'll be very very clear. There is no news. Not never, just now."[87]


In an interview at the 2007 Comic-Con, Whedon stated that he believes hope for a sequel rests in the sales of the Collector's Edition DVD.[88][89] In an August 2007 interview with Amazon.com prior to the Collector's Edition DVD release, Whedon stated "It's still on my mind, I mean, but I don't know if mine is the only mind that it's on." He later said "You know, whether or not anybody who's involved would be available at that point—everybody's working, I'm happy to say—is a question, but whether I would want to do another one is not a question."[90] Comic-Con International, commonly known as Comic-Con or the San Diego Comic-Con, is an annual multigenre fan convention founded as the Golden State Comic Book Convention and later the San Diego Comic Book Convention in 1970 by Shel Dorf and a group of San Diegans. ...


On October 4, 2007, Alan Tudyk suggested in an interview that Universal was considering another movie due to DVD sales.[91]


Spin-offs

Several spin-offs have been released which tie in with the film. One of the first, the R. Tam sessions, which are set before the film and TV series, were released unofficially by Whedon via the internet from August 16, 2005 to September 5, 2005, as a form of viral marketing for the film. A novelization of the film was written by Keith R. A. DeCandido, and published on August 30, 2005. Serenity: The Official Visual Companion was written by Joss Whedon, published by Titan Books, and released on September 1, 2005 in paperback. It contained the film's screenplay, along with other supplemental features such as concept art, film images, and a map of the universe. A role-playing game entitled Serenity, published by Margaret Weis Productions, Ltd, was released in 2005. This was followed by Serenity: Out in the Black by Tracy and Laura Hickman. The title card to one of the segments The R. Tam sessions were a series of five short videos released by Joss Whedon over the internet, which were set within his fictional Firefly universe. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Viral marketing and viral advertising refer to marketing techniques that use pre-existing social networks to produce increases in brand awareness, through self-replicating viral processes, analogous to the spread of pathological and computer viruses. ... Keith R. A. DeCandido (born April 18, 1969 in New York, United States) is an American sci-fi and fantasy writer. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Titan Books is a UK publisher of graphic novels. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about games in which one plays the role of a character. ... Serenity is a science fiction role-playing game released in 2005 and set in the universe of the movie Serenity and television series Firefly. ... Margaret Weis Productions, Ltd is a publisher. ...


Bridging the gap between the end of the television series and the beginning of the movie is a three-issue comic book series entitled Serenity: Those Left Behind. The comic is written by Joss Whedon and Brett Matthews, illustrated by Will Conrad and Laura Martin, and published by Dark Horse Comics. The story focuses on the crew of Serenity taking a salvage job from Badger following a botched theft on a backwater planet, and the pursuit of River by the ominous blue-gloved men seen in the television series. The story is considered part of the Firefly/Serenity canon. Each issue of the series features three different covers, with each cover featuring one of the nine main characters, each by a different illustrator, including Joe Quesada, Bryan Hitch, Tim Bradstreet and John Cassaday. The first issue was published in July 2005, and the final one appeared in September. The comics quickly sold out on release, with both the #1 and #2 issues going into second printings. Many comic book retailers reported that it was their highest selling comic those months, in part because of the multiple covers, but also because it attracted a group of customers who are not traditionally comic book buyers. The comics were later reissued as a trade paperback compilation. A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Laura DePuy Martin is an artist who has worked as a colorist in the comics industry. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about minor characters in the television series Firefly (defined as any characters appearing in the show, or the follow-up movie Serenity, who arent core cast members — the crew of the spaceship Serenity). ... Canon, in the context of a fictional universe, comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. ... Joseph Joe Quesada (born December 1, 1962), colloquially known as Joe Q, is the editor-in-chief of Marvel Comics and a comic book writer and artist. ... The various characters of the Ultimate Marvel Universe, as seen on the cover to Ultimates (v2) #12. ... Tim Bradstreet (born February 16, 1967, in Cheverly, Maryland), is an artist and illustrator, best known for his work on comic books (covers and interiors), book covers, movie posters, roleplaying games and trading cards. ... John Cassaday is a comic book artist, best known for his work on Planetary with Warren Ellis, and Astonishing X-Men with Joss Whedon. ... A trade paperback can refer to any book that is bound with a heavy paper cover that is generally cheaper than the hardcover but more expensive than the regular paperback version. ...


It has been recently confirmed that Joss Whedon will reteam with Brett Matthews to write Serenity: Better Days for Dark Horse comics to be released in early 2008 as we see what happens when a heist goes right and the crew finds themselves in a rare place: on easy street. "This new story will take place in the 'Firefly' years i.e., everyone's alive," teases Whedon. "Basically, they pull off a heist and everything doesn't go completely wrong. This, needless to say, has never happened, and it's about how they deal with success."[92][citation needed]


Notes and references

  1. ^ In the film, Mal says that Simon and River have been on the ship for eight months. In the Firefly episode "Trash", Mal says that he first encountered Saffron "'bout a half year back". Therefore, at most two months have elapsed between the series and the film.
  2. ^ a b Serenity (2005) - Daily Box Office. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2006-08-27.
  3. ^ a b Films Of The Year. BBC. Retrieved on 2006-08-27.
  4. ^ a b Serenity. FilmFocus. Retrieved on 2006-08-27.
  5. ^ a b The Best of 2005. IGN Film. Retrieved on 2006-08-27.
  6. ^ a b Hugo and Campbell Awards Winners. Locus Online (2006-08-26). Retrieved on 2006-08-27.
  7. ^ Serenity/Firefly FAQ.
  8. ^ Russell, M.E. (2006-06-24). The Browncoats Rise Again. The Daily Standard. Retrieved on 2006-07-16.
  9. ^ a b c Whedon, Serenity: The Official Visual Companion, p.17
  10. ^ Captain on Deck! hello to all. Official Firefly Forum (2003-06-13). Retrieved on 2006-07-06.
  11. ^ "Serenity Saloon" is open fer bidness. Official Firefly Forum (2003-06-06). Retrieved on 2006-07-06.
  12. ^ "Serenity Saloon" is open fer bidness. Official Firefly Forum (2003-06-06). Retrieved on 2006-07-06.
  13. ^ a b c d e McNamara, Mary (2004-10-09). Down-home directing. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 2006-07-09.
  14. ^ Snyder, Gabriel (2004-03-21). 'Firefly' feature alights. Variety. Retrieved on 2006-07-02.
  15. ^ Snyder, Gabriel (2004-03-03). Whedon's 'Serenity' greenlit. Variety. Retrieved on 2006-07-02.
  16. ^ a b Whedon, Serenity: Director's Commentary, track 1 "Living Weapon"
  17. ^ a b Whedon, Serenity: Director's Commentary, "What's In A Firefly"
  18. ^ Miller, Gerri. Inside 'Serenity'. Retrieved on 2006-07-09.
  19. ^ Interview with Zoic Studios' Visual Effects for Serenity. NewTek.com (2006-01-24). Retrieved on 2006-07-09.
  20. ^ Dead city of Miranda/modern American high school. Whedonesque.com (2006-04-19). Retrieved on 2006-07-02.
  21. ^ Epstein, Daniel Robert (c. 2005-09-30). Interview with Joss Whedon. Suicide Girls. Retrieved on 2006-05-19.
  22. ^ stated by Summer Glau in several interviews ([1], [2])
  23. ^ Whedon, Serenity: Director's Commentary, track 11 "Miranda"
  24. ^ a b c Whedon, Serenity: Director's Commentary, track 17 "Fighting for Belief"
  25. ^ Whedon, Serenity: Director's Commentary, track 2 "A Better World"; Whedon, Serenity: The Official Visual Companion, p. 21.
  26. ^ a b Whedon, Serenity: Director's Commentary, track 10 "Posing a Threat".
  27. ^ Authors, Multiple (2006-05-13). CollectorMania in Milton Keynes. fireflytalk.libsyn.com. Retrieved on 2006-09-26.
  28. ^ a b Muir, John (2005-09-30). Reflections on Film TV Cult Friday Flashback 11. blogspot.com. Retrieved on 2006-09-26.
  29. ^ Conger, Wally (2005-08-18). Firefly a Liberal Checks In. blogspot.com. Retrieved on 2006-09-26.
  30. ^ None, Radegund (2006-08-29). Official Costumes. browncoats.com. Retrieved on 2006-09-26.
  31. ^ Skaro, Jo (2005-07-00). Even Space Cowboys Hanker to Look Shiny. skaros.com. Retrieved on 2006-09-26.
  32. ^ Koukoulas, Steve. Firefly the Complete Series. dvd.net.au. Retrieved on 2006-09-26.
  33. ^ Tyler, Joshua (2005-09-29). Movie Review. cinemablend.com. Retrieved on 2006-09-26.
  34. ^ Gibner, Jason. Genius in the Shadows. annaborpaper.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  35. ^ Whedon, Serenity: Director's Commentary, Track 14, "Learning the Secret"
  36. ^ a b Hartlaub, Peter (2005-09-30). 'Serenity' earns director Whedon spot on sci-fi's Mount Rushmore. San Francisco Chronicle.
  37. ^ Whedon, Serenity: Making of Fruity Oaty Bar on Serenity DVD
  38. ^ Espenson, Jane (2005-09). Finding Serenity - Anti-Heroes, Lost Shepherd and Space Hookers in Joss Whedon's Firefly. Retrieved on 2006-10-13.
  39. ^ eyeofhorus (2005-09-13). "Having a beer with Joss". Serenity Oz (serenitymovie.com.au). Retrieved on 2006-05-19.
  40. ^ More Serenity Screenings Announced, Sell Out Immediately. rottentomatoes.com (2005-05-12). Retrieved on 2006-07-11.
  41. ^ Serenity Screenings Sell Out. slashdot (2005-05-01). Retrieved on 2006-07-11.
  42. ^ Serenity at the Edinburgh International Film Festival
  43. ^ Reel Life: Joss Whedon Live Onstage Interview at the Edinburgh International Film Festival
  44. ^ Serenity Trailer Now Online!. WHEDONesque. Retrieved on 2006-07-11.
  45. ^ Serene on the Screen. Yahoo Buzz Index (2005-04-28). Retrieved on 2006-07-11.
  46. ^ R_Tam_Sessions_Full.mov (The site's FAQ states that it was not involved with the making of these videos in any way.)
  47. ^ http://video.vividas.com/CDN1/3929_Serenity/web/index.html
  48. ^ Serenity DVD Amazon sales rank tracker. Fireflyfans.net.
  49. ^ "Top Renters for Week Ended January 15, 2006". VideoBusiness.com. Retrieved on 2006-03-12.
  50. ^ The eater egg is included on the U.S., European and Canadian editions.
  51. ^ Entitled "We'll Have A Fruity Oaty Good Time", it can be found by going to the main menu, selecting but not activating "play movie", then pressing the left button. A design on the right will highlight. Press play.DVD Easter Egg found on Serenity (Widescreen)
  52. ^ German Special Edition on Amazon.de.
  53. ^ Serenity (EXCLUSIVE Collector's Tin) (2 Discs) @ EzyDVD
  54. ^ [3]
  55. ^ [4]
  56. ^ http://whedonesque.com/comments/12606#164745
  57. ^ http://www.dvdactive.com/news/releases/serenity5.html
  58. ^ http://sev.prnewswire.com/entertainment/20070731/LATU15431072007-1.html
  59. ^ http://www.serenitymovie.com/
  60. ^ Can't Stop The Serenity.
  61. ^ http://www.breakingatmo.com/status/2007/06/meet-your-browncoat-astronaut
  62. ^ http://www.livescience.com/blogs/2007/06/07/board-game-sci-fi-to-ride-shuttle-atlantis-to-iss
  63. ^ SyfyPortal Awards. Retrieved on 2006-10-08.
  64. ^ 'Serenity' Beats 'Star Wars' in Best Sci-Fi Film Poll. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  65. ^ Serenity named top sci-fi movie. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  66. ^ Serenity crowned top sci-fi movie. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  67. ^ Serenity (2005) at Rotten Tomatoes
  68. ^ Ebert & Roeper, Reviews for the Weekend of October 1 - 2, 2005
  69. ^ Dargis, Manohla (2005-09-30). Scruffy Space Cowboys Fighting Their Failings. New York Times.
  70. ^ Top Rated "Sci-Fi" Titles. IMDB.com. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
  71. ^ Card, Orson Scott (2005-09-30]]). "Uncle Orson Reviews Everything". Hatrack.com. Retrieved on 2006-05-19.
  72. ^ Karger, Dave (2005-09-29). Back in Commission. Entertainment Weekly.
  73. ^ Gray, Brandon (2005-09-29). BOX OFFICE FORECAST. Box Office Mojo.
  74. ^ Box Office Forecast. Box Office Report.
  75. ^ Gray, Brandon (2005-10-17). 'Fog' Tops Soggy Weekend. Box Office Mojo.
  76. ^ Serenity (2005) - International Box Office. Box Office Mojo.
  77. ^ Whedon, Firefly: the complete series: "Train Job" commentary, track 10
  78. ^ a b Whedon, Firefly: the complete series: "Serenity" commentary
  79. ^ Whedon, Serenity: Director's Commentary, track 7 "Mr. Universe"
  80. ^ Whedon, Serenity: The Official Visual Companion, pp.21, 24.
  81. ^ Whedon, Serenity: Director's Commentary, Track 3 "Aboard Serenity".
  82. ^ Completely completed SERENITY screens at Comic-Con! And.... Ain't It Cool News (2005-07-25). Retrieved on 2006-06-24.
  83. ^ Exclusive: A Serenity Sequel?. IGN.com. Retrieved on 2006-07-01.
  84. ^ Serenity DVD Amazon Info Tracker. Fireflyfans.net. Retrieved on 2006-07-01.
  85. ^ Serenity Day website. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  86. ^ Whedon Responds to sequel rumors @ Whedonesque. Whedonesque.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-04.
  87. ^ Whedon Responds to Rumors of Serenity Sequel Death. Whedonesque.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-06.
  88. ^ Laremy Legel. "COMIC CON: Exclusive Interview with Joss Whedon", ropeofsilicon.com, 2007-08-03. Retrieved on 2007-08-03. 
  89. ^ Emily Christianson. "Comic-Con 07's Fantatsic Filmmakers: Joss Whedon Goes into 'Sugar Shock'", Hollywood.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-06. 
  90. ^ Whedon's August 2007 interview with Amazon (audio file)
  91. ^ Clint Morris. "Serenity 2 A New Hope?", www.moviehole.net, 2007-10-04. Retrieved on 2007-10-04. 
  92. ^ Whedon Can’t Get Enough Serenity. Publishers Weekly (2007-11-06). Retrieved on 2007-11-07.

Box Office Mojo is a website that tracks box office revenue in a systematic way. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... FilmFocus is a British film website which has been running since January 2004. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see IGN (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Keith R. A. DeCandido (born April 18, 1969 in New York, United States) is an American sci-fi and fantasy writer. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an Academy Award-nominated American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

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Serenity film review (548 words)
A noisy, messy and sometimes confused spectacle, Serenity is the latest big screen spin-off from a TV series, but the twist this time around is that the TV series in question was cancelled after only eleven episodes.
Set in the future, the film follows the exploits of the crew of Serenity, a battered spaceship that has seen better days, notably in the war against the Alliance forces that the crew lost.
The fanfare of hype certainly doesn't deliver for Serenity, which is unlikely to convert the uninitiated to the original series.
Locus Online: Gary Westfahl reviews Serenity (1178 words)
Pondering what sort of line should conclude his film, the talented Whedon came up with several wonderful possibilities; and while he might be faulted for using every single one of them, one after another, he at least had the wisdom to actually close with the most irreverent one.
But after all, science fiction films that overtly or covertly oppose scientific advancement are hardly a novelty and, in fact, include in their numbers many of the genre's most cherished masterpieces.
With this culminating film, he may have said all that he can say through the medium of this universe, so that film sequels or a return to series television, while still reflecting his considerable talents, would be sterile and repetitive.
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