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Encyclopedia > Serbian Railways
Serbian Railways
Locale Eastern Europe
Dates of operation 1884 – present
Track gauge ft 8½ in (1435 mm) (standard gauge)
Headquarters Belgrade, Serbia

Serbian Railways (Serbian: Железнице Србије/Železnice Srbije) is the national railway carrier of Serbia. Today network is 4,347 km long, with 32% electrified railways. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Rail gauge is the distance between two rails of a railroad. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ...

Contents

History

A bottle cap with the historic KSR logo

On August 20, 1854, the first horse-drawn railway was opened on Lisava–Oravica–Bazijas line. The fist traffic with steam traction was opened in 1856. Serbian Railways as a company is traced back to 1881 when King Milan declared formation of the Serbian National Railways. The fist royal train departed from Belgrade to Niš on August 23, 1884, which is considered by Serbian Railways as the official year when the company was created. The first electrified line was opened between Belgrade and Šid in 1970. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... King Milan Obrenovic Milan Obrenović IV, (August 22, 1854–February 11, 1901), was King Milan I of Serbia from 1882 to 1889. ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... NiÅ¡ or Nish (Serbian: Ниш / NiÅ¡,  , Latin: Naissus, Greek: Ναισσός Naissos) is a city in Serbia situated at 43. ... is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... Å id (Шид) is a town and municipality in Srem District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


From the 1920s to the dissolution of Yugoslavia it operated under the name Yugoslav Railways. The department responsible for in-train service and catering is called "KSR- Kola za Spavanje i Ručavanje" (in English, "The Dining and Sleeping Wagon.)" The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Jugoslovenske železnice is a railway company created in Belgrade, in the 1920s as a succesor to Serbian State Railways Železnice Srbije. ...


Rolling stock

412 series train

The rolling stock consists mostly of fast electric trainsets (EMU class 412) and of electric locomotives built in the cooperation between MIN and Rade Končar Zagreb (classes 441 and 444), under the Swedish licence, as well as Romanian built Electroputere Craiova (classes 461 which is used mainly for cargo transoprt due to its moderate speed), built under the same licence. Some of these locomotives recently underwent comperhensive modernisation either by Mašinska Industrija Niš MIN or Rade Končar Zagreb. The diesel traction is powerd by locomotives built by General Motors Company (classes 645, 661, 664, 666 ), Mašinska Industrija Niš MIN (classes 741, 742, 734), Macosa (class 644) , Đuro Đaković Osijek (class 662, 643, 642) ,as well as by some other, mostly European suppliers.Diesel trainsets (DMU classes 710, 712 and 812) are used mainly on local lines. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 722 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (829 × 688 pixel, file size: 139 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 722 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (829 × 688 pixel, file size: 139 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Min can be: // Abbreviation for minimum function in mathematics. ... Min can be: // Abbreviation for minimum function in mathematics. ...


Services

Serbian Railways has many services, ranging from domestic and international routes to tourist rides. For tourism, the heritage line Šargan Eight is used as a train designed from another century for passengers to experience. For long distance destinations like Venice, Munich, Wien, Thessaloniki, Budapest, Kiev, and Moscow, the high-speed Inter City class train "Avala" is used. Train with class 83 engine Train passing the largest bridge of the line The Å argan Eight (Serbian: ) is a narrow gauge heritage railway in Serbia, running from the village of Mokra Gora to Å argan Vitasi station. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia, Latin: Venetia) is a city in northern Italy, the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,251 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Wien is the German language name for Vienna, the city and federal state in Austria. ... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of Macedonia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ...


See also

// The public city transport in Belgrade consists of buses, trams, and trolleys. ... Jugoslovenske železnice is a railway company created in Belgrade, in the 1920s as a succesor to Serbian State Railways Železnice Srbije. ...

External links

  • Serbian Railways

 
 

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