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Encyclopedia > Serbian Orthodox Church
Patriarchate of Peć (Serbia)

Founder Apostle Andrew, St. Sava I
Independence 1219 (lost in 1523), again in 1920
Recognition 1219 by Constantinople
Primate Patriarch Pavle
Headquarters Belgrade, Serbia
Territory Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Croatia, Hungary, Macedonia (disputed)
Possessions United States, Canada, Europe, Australia
Language Church Slavonic and Serbian
Population 15,000,000+
Website Serbian Orthodox Church
Serbian culture
Cinema · Literature · Epic poetry
Music (Hip hop · Rock · Turbo-folk)
Art · Religion · Sport · Dress · Kinship · Cuisine
v  d  e
Flag of the Serbian Orthodox Church
Flag of the Serbian Orthodox Church
Unknown flag, seen offten in public.Possible flag of Patriarsia or Patriarh itself

The Serbian Orthodox Church (Serbian: Српска Православна Црква / Srpska Pravoslavna Crkva; СПЦ / SPC) or the Church of Serbia is one of the autocephalous Orthodox Christian churches, ranking sixth in order of seniority after Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem, and Russia. It exercises jurisdiction over Orthodox Christians in Serbia and surrounding Slavic and other lands, as well as exarchates and patriarchal representation churches around the world. The Patriarch of Serbia serves as first among equals in his church; the current patriarch is His Holiness Pavle. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 488 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1139 × 1398 pixel, file size: 425 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Drawing by Dragomir Acovic Source: Ministry of the Faith of the Republic of Serbia File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it... Saint Andrew (Greek: Andreas, manly), the Christian Apostle, brother of Saint Peter, was born at Bethsaida on the Lake of Galilee. ... Saint Sava (1175 or 1176 - January 12, 1235 or 1236), originally the prince Rastko Nemanjic (son of the Serbian king Stefan Nemanja and brother of Stefan Prvovencani, founder of the Serbian medieval state), is the first Serb archbishop (1219-1233) and the most important saint in the Serbian Orthodox Church. ... The Ecumenical Patriarchate is the patriarchate of the Patriarch of Constantinople. ... Patriarch Pavle (b. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... Serbian culture refers to the culture of Serbia as well as the culture of Serbs in other parts of the former Yugoslavia and elsewhere in the world. ... Serbian literature is literature written in Serbian language and/or in Serbia. ... Songs of Serbian epic poetry rarely, if ever, rhyme, but they are easy to remember as each line has exactly ten syllables and caesura after fourth syllable. ... Serbia and Montenegro is a Balkan country, recently ravaged by war that has caused widespread migration and cultural oppression. ... Serbian hip hop started in the early 80s, with the birth of b-boy crews and their battles which have spread over the country in no time. ... Rock and roll is an African American genre of music, which spread across the world in the 1950s and 60s. ... Turbo-folk is a music genre originating in Serbia in the early 1990s. ... Art of Serbia. ... Traditional Serbian costume, like any other traditional dress of a nation or culture, has been lost to the advent of urbanization, industrialization, and the growing market of international clothing trends. ... The Serbian language is one of the richest languages regarding kinship terminology. ... Serbian cuisine is influenced by Mediterranean (especially Greek, Bulgarian), Turkish and Hungarian cuisines, which makes it a heterogeneous one. ... Image File history File links SPC-zastava. ... Image File history File links SPC-zastava. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... In hierarchical Christian churches, especially Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches, autocephaly is the status of a hierarchical church whose head bishop does not report to any higher-ranking bishop. ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... The Orthodox Church of Constantinople is one of the fifteen autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches. ... The Orthodox Church of Alexandria is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches. ... The Antiochian Orthodox Church is one of the five churches that comprised the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church before the Great Schism, and today is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches. ... The Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, properly called the Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, is regarded by Orthodox Christians as the mother church of all of Christendom, because it was in Jerusalem that the Church was established on the day of Pentecost with the descent of the Holy Spirit on the... In the Byzantine Empire, an exarch was an essentially military viceroy who governed a part of the empire at some remove from the central (oriental) authorities, the Emperor and the Patriarch of Constantinople. ... This is a list of Patriarchs of Serbia, the person known officially as Patriarch of all Serbia, Archbishop of Pec, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci. ... Patriarch Pavle (b. ...


The Serb Patriarch's full title is "Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Patriarch of the Serbs." Peć (Albanian: Pejë / Peja; Serbian: Пећ / Peć) is a city located in the western part of Kosovo (under UN-administration, formally part of Serbia). ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... Sremski Karlovci (Serbian: Sremski Karlovci or Сремски Карловци, German: Karlowitz or Carlowitz, Croatian: Srijemski Karlovci, Hungarian: Karlóca, Turkish: Karlofça) is a town and municipality in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia and Montenegro, situated on the bank of the river Danube, between Belgrade and Novi Sad. ...

Contents

History

The Serbian Orthodox Church is an autocephalous, or ecclesiastically independent, member of the Orthodox communion, located primarily in Serbia,Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Republic of Macedonia, as well as Croatia. Since many Serbs have emigrated to foreign countries, there are now Serbian Orthodox communities worldwide. Many significant items from Christianity are in the possession of the Serbian Orthodox Church,such as the right hand of John the Baptist, Saint George's hand and skull parts[1], Holy Cross segments, Paraskevi's finger, St Vasilije Ostroski ,... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 812   -  Kingdom established 1217   -  Empire established 1346   -  Independence lost to... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, Bright Dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Demonym Montenegrin Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... For the hip-hop producer with the same name, see John the Baptist (producer). ... Saint-George is a municipality with 695 inhabitants (as of 2003) in the district of Aubonne in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland. ... Aghia Paraskevi and votive objects Aghia Paraskevi (or Saint Paraskeva) is a saint recognized by the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... Sveti Vasilije or Saint Vasilije of Ostrog Saint Basil of Ostrog (Saint Vasilije Ostroski / Свети Василије Острошки) was Bishop of Zahumlje in Herzegovina. ...


Origins

The Serbs were converted to Christianity not long after their arrival in the Balkans, before the Great Schism split the Christian Church into rival Latin-speaking (Roman Catholic) and Greek-speaking (Eastern Orthodox) Churches. During the early Middle Ages, the religious allegiance of the Serbs was divided between the two churches. Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The term Great Schism may refer to: The East-West Schism, in 1054 between Western Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


The various Serbian principalities were united ecclesiastically in the early 13th century by Saint Sava, the son of the Serbian ruler and founder of the Serbian medieval state Stefan Nemanja and brother of Stefan Prvovencani, the first Serbian king. Sava persuaded the patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Church to establish the Church in Serbia as an autocephalous body, with Sava himself as its archbishop, consecrated in 1219. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Saint Sava (Serbian: , Romanized: Sveti Sava) (1175 - January 14, 1235), originally the prince Rastko Nemanjić (Serbian: Растко Немањић) (son of the Serbian ruler and founder of the Serbian medieval state Stefan Nemanja and brother of Stefan Prvovenčani, first Serbian king), is the first Serb archbishop (1219-1233), the most important saint... Stefan Nemanja (Old Church Slavonic: Стѣфань, Serbian: Стефан Немања, pronounced ) (1109-13 February 1199) was a Medieval Serb nobleman, descended from the Vukanović who was Grand Prince (Serbian: Велики Жупан) of the medieval Serb state of Rascia (Рашка) in 1166-1199. ... Stefan Prvovenčani (lit. ... // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the...


The status of the Serbian Orthodox Church grew along with the growth in size and prestige of the medieval kingdom of Serbia. When King Stefan Dušan assumed the imperial title of tsar in 1346, the Archbishopric of Pec was correspondingly raised to the rank of Patriarchate. In the century that followed, the Serbian Church achieved its greatest power and prestige. Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... DuÅ¡an Silni Tsar Stefan UroÅ¡ IV DuÅ¡an Silni (the mighty) (Serbian: Цар Стефан Душан Силни) (circa 1308 – December 20, 1355) was a Serb king (September 8, 1331 – 1346) and tsar (1346 – December 5, 1355). ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ... // Events Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe Foundation of the University of Valladolid Foundation of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge August 26 Battle of Crecy after which Edward the Black Prince honored the bravery of John I, Count of Luxemburg... PEC can have the following meanings Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh Pakistan Engineering Concil Pakistan Engineering Congress Prince Engineering Center at Oklahoma Christian University This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In 1459, the Ottoman Empire conquered Serbia and made much of the former kingdom a pashaluk ( to Muslim faith or law. Although many Serbs did convert to Islam, most continued their adherence to the Serbian Orthodox Church. Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Ottoman Empire, 1299]] Sultans  - 1281–1326...


The Church itself continued in existence throughout the Ottoman period, though not without some disruption. After the death of Patriarch Arsenios II in 1463, a successor was not elected. The Patriarchate was thus de facto abolished, and the Serbian Church passed under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. The Serbian Patriarchate was restored in 1557 by the sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, much thanks to the famous Mehmed-paša Sokolović, when Macarios, his brother or cousin, was elected Patriarch in Peć. Events January 5 - Poet Francois Villon is banned from Paris Births January 17 - Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (died 1525) February 24 - Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (died 1494) October 20 - Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (died 1512) Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici, Italian patron of the arts (died 1503... A patriarchate is the office or jurisdiction of a patriarch. ... The Ecumenical Patriarchate is the patriarchate of the Patriarch of Constantinople. ... Events Spain is effectively bankrupt. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Suleyman I (Ottoman Turkish: Sulaymān, Turkish: ; formally Kanuni Sultan Süleyman in Turkish) (November 6, 1494 – September 5/6, 1566), was the tenth and longest‐serving Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from 1520 to 1566. ... Mehmed-paÅ¡a Sokolović (Turkish: Sokollu Mehmet PaÅŸa) (born 1506, Sokolovići1 – died 1579, Istanbul) was an important 16th century Ottoman statesman of Bosnian origins. ... Makarije Sokolović (Serbian Cyrillic:Макарије Соколовић) was the Patriarch of Peć, The Serbian Patriarch 1557 to 1571. ...

'The Exodus of the Serbs', portrays the Serbian Orthodox Patriarch Arsenije III Carnojevic, surrounded by soldiers, flocks of sheep and women with babies, leading some 36,000 families from his seat in Pec, Kosovo and Southern Serbia to what is now Vojvodina and further to Hungary in 1690, after Serbian revolts failed.
'The Exodus of the Serbs', portrays the Serbian Orthodox Patriarch Arsenije III Carnojevic, surrounded by soldiers, flocks of sheep and women with babies, leading some 36,000 families from his seat in Pec, Kosovo and Southern Serbia to what is now Vojvodina and further to Hungary in 1690, after Serbian revolts failed.

The restoration of the Patriarchate was of great importance for the Serbs because it helped the spiritual unification of all Serbs in the Turkish Empire. After consequent Serbian uprisings against the Turkish occupiers in which the Church had a leading role, the Turks abolished the Patriarchate once again in 1766. The Church remained once more under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. This period of so called "Phanariots" was a period of great spiritual decline because the Greek bishops had very little understanding of their Serbian flock. Image File history File links Serbmigra. ... Image File history File links Serbmigra. ... Imperial motto: unknown The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul (Constantinople) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million (at most) Area (1683) 11 955 000 km² Establishment 1281 Dissolution October 29, 1923 Currency Akçe The flag of... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, the first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ...


During this period, many Christians across the Balkans converted to Islam to avoid severe taxes imposed by the Turks in retaliation for uprisings and continued resistance. Many Serbs migrated with their hierarchs to Habsburg Monarchy where they had been granted autonomy. The seat of the archbishops was moved from Peć to Karlovci. The new Serbian Metropolitanate of Karlovci became a patriarchate in 1848. For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... Peć (Albanian: Pejë / Peja; Serbian: Пећ / Peć) is a city located in the western part of Kosovo (under UN-administration, formally part of Serbia). ... Sremski Karlovci (Serbian: Sremski Karlovci or Сремски Карловци, German: Karlowitz or Carlowitz, Croatian: Srijemski Karlovci, Hungarian: Karlóca, Turkish: Karlofça) is a town and municipality in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia and Montenegro, situated on the bank of the river Danube, between Belgrade and Novi Sad. ... Arsenije III ÄŒarnojević, the metropolitan of Sentandreja Josif Rajačić, the last metropolitan of Karlovci The Metropolitanate of Karlovci (Serbian: Карловачка митрополија or Karlovačka mitropolija) was a metropolitanate of the Orthodox Church that existed between 1691 and 1848. ... Josif Rajačić, the first patriarch of Karlovci The Patriarchate of Karlovci (Serbian: Карловачка патријаршија or Karlovačka patrijarÅ¡ija) was a patriarchate of the Orthodox Church that existed between 1848 and 1920. ...


The church's close association with Serbian resistance to Ottoman rule led to Serbian Orthodoxy becoming inextricably linked with Serbian national identity and the new Serbian monarchy that emerged from 1815 onwards. The Serbian Orthodox Church in Serbia finally regained its independence and became autocephalous in 1879, the year after the recognition by the Great Powers of Serbia as an independent state. This church was known as the Metropolitanate of Belgrade, thus in the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century, two separate Serbian Orthodox churches existed - the Patriarchate of Karlovci in the Habsburg Monarchy and the Metropolitanate of Belgrade in the Kingdom of Serbia. April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... In the context of international relations and diplomacy, power (sometimes clarified as international power, national power, or state power) is the ability of one state to influence or control other states. ... Josif Rajačić, the first patriarch of Karlovci The Patriarchate of Karlovci (Serbian: Карловачка патријаршија or Karlovačka patrijarÅ¡ija) was a patriarchate of the Orthodox Church that existed between 1848 and 1920. ... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... The Coat of Arms of the Orthodox Church of Serbia It should be possible to replace this fair use image with a freely licensed one. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq...


Serbia and Yugoslavia

The Temple of Saint Sava, the largest Orthodox church in the world.

After World War I all the Orthodox Serbs were united under one ecclesiastical authority, and two Serbian churches were united into the single Patriarchate of Serbia in 1920 with the election of Patriarch Dimitry. It gained great political and social influence in the inter-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia, during which time it successfully campaigned against the Yugoslav government's intentions of signing a concordat with the Vatican. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 666 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1278 × 1151 pixel, file size: 978 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Serbian Orthodox Church... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 666 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1278 × 1151 pixel, file size: 978 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Serbian Orthodox Church... The Temple of Saint Sava (Serbian: Храм Светог Саве or Hram Svetog Save) in Belgrade, Serbia is one of the largest Orthodox churches currently in use. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Coat of Arms of the Orthodox Church of Serbia It should be possible to replace this fair use image with a freely licensed one. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... A concordat is an agreement between the pope and a government or sovereign on religious matters. ...


During the Second World War the Serbian Orthodox Church suffered severely from persecutions by the occupying powers and the rabidly anti-Serbian Ustaše regime of Croatia, which sought to create a "Croatian Orthodox Church" which Orthodox Serbs were forced to join. Several hundred thousand Serbs were killed during the war; bishops and priests of the Serbian Orthodox Church were singled out for persecution, and many Orthodox churches were damaged or destroyed. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... An UstaÅ¡e guard pose among the bodies of prisoners murdered in the Jasenovac concentration camp The UstaÅ¡e (also known as Ustashas or Ustashi) was a Croatian extreme nationalist movement. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


After the war the Church was suppressed by the Communist government of Josip Broz Tito, which viewed it with suspicion due to the Church's links with the exiled Serbian monarchy and the nationalist Chetnik movement. Along with other ecclesiastical institutions of all denominations, the Church was subject to strict controls by the Yugoslav state, which prohibited the teaching of religion in schools, confiscated Church property and discouraged religious activity among the population. This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Josip Broz Tito (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз Тито, May 7, 1892 [May 25th according to official birth certificate] – May 4, 1980) was the leader of the Second Yugoslavia, which lasted from 1943 until 1991. ... Chetniks (Serbian Četnici, Четници) were an organization of Yugoslavs (mostly Serbs) who supported the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and formed a notable resistance force during World War II. The name is derived from the Serbian word četa which means company (of about 100...


The gradual demise of Yugoslav communism and the rise of rival nationalist movements during the 1980s also led to a marked religious revival throughout Yugoslavia, not least in Serbia. The Serbian Patriarch, Pavle, supported the opposition to Slobodan Milošević in the 1990s. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... His Holiness the Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, Serb Patriarch Pavle was born Gojko Stojčević on 11 September 1914, in the village of Kućanci, near Donji Miholjac (then in Austria-Hungary, in Croatia). ... “MiloÅ¡ević” redirects here. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


The Macedonian Orthodox Church was created by the Yugoslav authorities in 1967, effectively as an offshoot of the Serbian Orthodox Church in what was then the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, as part of the Yugoslav drive to build up a Macedonian national identity. This was strongly resisted by the Serbian Church, which does not recognise the independence of its Macedonian counterpart. Campaigns for an independent Montenegrin Orthodox Church have also gained ground in recent years. The Macedonian Orthodox Church (Macedonian: Македонска Православна Црква, Latinic: Makedonska Pravoslavna Crkva) is the body of Christians who are united under the Archbishop of Ohrid and Macedonia. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... National motto: None Official languages Macedonian2 Capital Skopje President Branko Crvenkovski Prime Minister Vlado Buckovski Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 145th 25,713 km² 1. ... Languages Macedonian Religions predominantly Macedonian Orthodox, but also some Muslim, Protestant, Serbian Orthodox,and others The Macedonians[18] (Macedonian: , Тransliteration: ) also referred to as Macedonian Slavs[19] are a South Slavic ethnic group who are primarily associated with the Republic of Macedonia. ... The Montenegrin Orthodox Church (MOC) (Serbian/Montenegrin: Crnogorska pravoslavna crkva, CPC) is an uncannonical church that registered as a non-governmental organization at the Montenegrin Ministry of the Interior in 1997. ...


Yugoslav wars

The Yugoslav wars gravely impacted several branches of the Serb Orthodox Church. This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Many churches in Croatia were damaged or destroyed since the beginning of the war in that country in 1991. The bishops and priests and most faithful of the eparchies of Zagreb, of Karlovac, of Slavonia and of Dalmatia became refugees. The latter three were almost completely abandoned after the exodus of the Serbs from Croatia in 1995. The eparchy of Dalmatia also had its see temporarily moved to Knin after the Republic of Serbian Krajina was established. The eparchy of Slavonia had its see moved from Pakrac to Daruvar. After Operation Storm, two monasteries were particularly damaged: Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Knin Knin (Croatia) Knin is a historical town in the Šibenik-Knin county of Croatia, located near the source of the river Krka at , in the Dalmatian hinterland, on the railroad Zagreb–Split. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Coat of arms Pakrac is a town in Slavonia, Croatia. ... Daruvar (German: Daruwar, Hungarian: Daruvár, Latin: Aqua Balissae) is a town in central Croatia, population 9,815 (2001), total municipality population 13,243 (2001). ... Combatants Croatia (HV) Bosnia and Herzegovina (ABiH) Republic of Serbian Krajina (VSK) Republika Srpska (VRS) Commanders Zvonimir Červenko (HV) Atif Dudakovic (ABiH) Mile Mrkšić (VSK) Strength 150,000 soldiers, 350 tanks, 400 artillery pieces, 50 rocket launchers, 50 aircraft and helicopters 40,000 soldiers, 150 tanks, 350 artillery pieces...

  • Monastery Krupa was burned down by unknown Croatian assailants. It is located at the southern slopes of Velebit, halfway between Obrovac and Knin. It was built in 1317 at the time of the Serbian King Stefan Milutin.
  • Monastery Krka was looted to an extent. It is located in the Krka National Park by the river Krka. It was built in 1346 by Tzar Dušan's sister Jelena Nemanjić, who had been married to Mladen II Šubić, at the time the ban of Croatia.

The eparchies of Bihać-Petrovac, Dabar-Bosnia and Zvornik-Tuzla were also dislocated due to the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The eparchy see of Dabar-Bosnia was temporarily moved to Sokolac, and the see of Zvornik-Tuzla to Bijeljina. Over a hundred Church-owned objects in the Zvornik-Tuzla eparchy were destroyed or damaged during the war. Many monasteries and churches in the Zahumlje eparchy were also destroyed. Numerous faithful from these eparchies also became refugees. The middle part of Velebit Velebit is the largest though not the highest mountain range in Croatia. ... This article needs translation. ... Knin Knin (Croatia) Knin is a historical town in the Å ibenik-Knin county of Croatia, located near the source of the river Krka at , in the Dalmatian hinterland, on the railroad Zagreb–Split. ... Events The Great Famine of 1315-1317. ... Stephen Uros II Milutin of Serbia was king of Serbia from 1282 to 1321. ... Krka Monastery (Serbian: Манастир Крка / Manastir Krka) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery dedicated to the Archangel Michael, located near the river Krka in central Dalmatia, Croatia. ... Categories: Croatian geography stubs | National parks of Croatia ... Skradinski buk Krka is a river in Croatias Dalmatia region, with length circa 73 km; famous for its numerous waterfalls. ... // Events Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe Foundation of the University of Valladolid Foundation of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge August 26 Battle of Crecy after which Edward the Black Prince honored the bravery of John I, Count of Luxemburg... DuÅ¡an Silni Stefan UroÅ¡ IV DuÅ¡an Silni (the Mighty) (Serbian: Стефан Урош IV Душан Силни, in English also Stephen Dushan) (c. ... Coat of Arms of the Breberienses The Å ubić were one of the twelve tribes which constituted Croatian statehood in the Middle Ages; they held the county of Bribir (Varvaria) in inland Dalmatia. ... Ban is a title of either Avar or Illyrian origin, the title was used in some states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century. ... Sokolac (Cyrilic: Соколац) is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Bijeljina (Cyrillic: Бијељина) is a town and municipality in northeastern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


By 1998 the situation had stabilized in both countries. Most of the property of the Serb Orthodox Church was returned to normal use, the bishops and priests returned, and that which was destroyed, damaged or vandalized was restored. The process of rebuilding several churches is still under way, notably the cathedral of the Eparchy of Upper Karlovac in Karlovac. The return of the SOC faithful also started, but they are not nearly close to their pre-war numbers, as of 2004. Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Eparchy of upper Karlovac (Serbian: Епархија горњокарловачка or Eparhija gornjokarlovačka) is an eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church seated in the city of Karlovac, Croatia. ... Karlovac (Croatia) Karlovac municipality within Karlovac county Karlovac Karlovac (German: Karlstadt or Carlstadt, Hungarian: Károlyváros and sometimes in Croatian, Marinograd) is a city and municipality in central Croatia. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During the wars in the middle-90's, some people from the Serbian Orthodox Church supported the unification of all lands inhabited mostly by Serbs into one state[1]


Kosovo

Due to the Kosovo War, after 1999 numerous Serbian Orthodox holy sites in the province were left occupied only by clergy. The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ...


During the 2004 unrest in Kosovo, about 300 Serbian Orthodox churches and monasteries were damaged or destroyed. Violent unrest in Kosovo (a United Nations-administrated province of Serbia officially called Kosovo and Metohija) broke out on March 17, 2004. ...


The preservation and maintenance of the Church properties in Kosovo has been one of the issues considered in the process of resolving of the Constitutional status of Kosovo. The constitutional status of Kosovo has been the subject of repeated political disputes since the region was incorporated into Serbia in 1912. ...


Structure

Metropolitanate See Country Cathedral Founded
Belgrade[2]
(Metropolitan of Belgrade-Sremski Karlovci)
Belgrade Serbia Cathedral Church of Saint Michael the Archangel 1920 (reestablished)
Dabar-Bosnia
(Metropolitan of Dabar-Bosnia)
Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina Nativity of the Mother of God Cathedral 1219
Montenegro and the Littoral
(Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Littoral)
Cetinje Montenegro Ostrog Monastery 1219
Midwestern America
(Metropolitan of Midwestern America)
Chicago United States St. Sava Monastery 1920
Zagreb and Ljubljana
(Metropolitan of Zagreb, Ljubljana and All Italy)
Zagreb Croatia, Slovenia and all of Italy
New Gračanica, U.S. and Canada
(Bishop of U.S. and Canada)
Third Lake, IL United States and Canada Most Holy Mother of God 1963
Diocese See Country Cathedral Founded
Australia and New Zealand
(Bishop of Australia and New Zealand)
Hall, Australia Australia and Oceania New Kalenić Monastery
Banat
(Bishop of Banat)
Vršac Serbia
Bačka
(Bishop of Bačka)
Novi Sad Serbia
Braničevo
(Bishop of Braničevo)
Požarevac Serbia
Budimlje and Nikšić
(Bishop of Budimlje and Nikšic)
Berane Montenegro Ðurdevi Stupovi
Banja Luka
(Bishop of Banja Luka)
Banja Luka Bosnia and Herzegovina The Church of Holy Trinity; The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour)
Bihać and Petrovac
(Bishop of Bihać and Petrovac)
Bosanski Petrovac Bosnia and Herzegovina
Britain and Scandinavia
(Bishop of Britain and Scandinavia)
Stockholm Great Britain, Norway, Sweden and Denmark
Buda (Budim)
(Bishop of Buda)
Sentandreja Hungary, Czech Republic, and Slovakia
Canada
(Bishop of Canada)
Hamilton, ON Canada St. Nicholas Cathedral
Canada
(Bishop of Canada)
Mississauga, ON Canada St. Sava
Central Europe
(Bishop of Central Europe)
Himmelstühr Germany, Austria, and Switzerland Himmelstühr monastery
Dalmatia
(Bishop of Dalmatia)
Šibenik Croatia
Eastern America
(Bishop of Eastern America)
Pittsburgh, PA United States Holy Trinity Cathedral
Mileševa
(Bishop of Mileševa)
Mileševa Serbia Mileševa monastery (Ascension of Our Lord Jesus Christ)
Niš
(Bishop of Niš)
Niš Serbia
Osječko polje and Baranja
(Bishop of Osječko polje and Baranja)
Dalj Croatia
Ras and Prizren
(Bishop of Ras and Prizren)
Prizren Serbia (Kosovo province)
Šabac
(Bishop of Šabac)
Šabac Serbia
Slavonia
(Bishop of Slavonia)
Daruvar Croatia
Srem
(Bishop of Srem)
Sremski Karlovci Serbia St. Demetrius Cathedral
Šumadija
(Bishop of Šumadija)
Kragujevac Serbia
Timişoara
(Bishop of Timişoara)
Timişoara Romania
Timok
(Bishop of Timok)
Zajecar Serbia
Upper Karlovac
(Bishop of upper Karlovac)
Karlovac Croatia
Valjevo
(Bishop of Valjevo)
Valjevo Serbia 2006
Vranje
(Bishop of Vranje)
Vranje Serbia
Western America
(Bishop of Western America)
Alhambra, CA United States St. Steven's Cathedral
Western Europe
(Bishop of Western Europe)
Paris France, Belgium, Netherlands, and Spain
Zahumlje and Herzegovina
(Bishop of Zahumlje and Herzegovina)
Trebinje Bosnia and Herzegovina Monastery Tvrdoš
Žiča
(Bishop of Žiča)
Kraljevo Serbia Monastery Žiča
Zvornik and Tuzla
(Bishop of Zvornik and Tuzla)
Tuzla Bosnia and Herzegovina
Autonomous Archdiocese See Country Cathedral Founded
Ohrid
(Archbishop of Ohrid and Metropolitan of Skoplje)
Ohrid Republic of Macedonia 1064

Dioceses are further divided into episcopal deaneries, each consisting of several church congregations and parishes. Church congregations consist of one or more parishes. A parish is the smallest Church unit - a communion of Orthodox faithful congregating at the Holy Eucharist with the parish priest at their head. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... The Metropolitanate of Montenegro is the major diocese that rules over the territory of Montenegero. ... // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of the eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Serbia, showing the Eparchy of Banat Orthodox church in Kikinda The Eparchy of Banat (Serbian: Банатска епархија or Banatska eparhija) is an ecclesiastical territory or eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the Banat region, Serbia. ... Location in Serbia [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia highlighting the settlement or municipality location]] General Information Mayor Jovica Zarkula Land area 10 km² Population (2002 census) 36,623 (54,369 municipality) Population density (2002) 5,437/km² Coordinates 45. ... Map of the eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Serbia, showing the Eparchy of Bačka Kovilj monastery Orthodox church in Novi Sad The Eparchy of Bačka (Serbian: Бачка епархија or Bačka eparhija) is an ecclesiastical territory or eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the Bačka region... Nickname: Motto: Grad po meri graÄ‘ana City of its citizens needs Location of Novi Sad within Serbia Coordinates: , Country  Serbia Province Vojvodina District South Bačka Municipalities 2 Founded 1694 City status February 1, 1748 Government  - Mayor Maja Gojković (SRS)  - Ruling parties SRS, SPS and DSS Area  - City 699... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... thumbnail|A szentendrei főtér Szentendre (-Hungarian, in Serbian: Sentandreja/Сентандреја) is a small Hungarian town in Pest county, near the capital city of Budapest, known for its museums, galleries, and artists. ... Map of the eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Serbia, showing the Eparchy of Srem Orthodox church in Ledinci The Eparchy of Srem (Serbian: Сремска епархија or Sremska eparhija) is an ecclesiastical territory or eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the Srem region, Serbia. ... Sremski Karlovci (Serbian: Sremski Karlovci or Сремски Карловци, German: Karlowitz or Carlowitz, Croatian: Srijemski Karlovci, Hungarian: Karlóca, Turkish: Karlofça) is a town and municipality in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia and Montenegro, situated on the bank of the river Danube, between Belgrade and Novi Sad. ... The Eparchy of upper Karlovac (Serbian: Епархија горњокарловачка or Eparhija gornjokarlovačka) is an eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church seated in the city of Karlovac, Croatia. ... Location of Alhambra within Los Angeles County, California. ... The Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina (Епархија захумско-херцеговачка) is a bishopric of the Serb Orthodox Church with its seat in the Tvrdoš monastery... The Orthodox Ohrid Archbishopric (Macedonian: Pravoslavna Ohridska Arhiepiskopija) was formed in 2002 following a failure in negotiations between the Serbian Orthodox Church and the canonically-unconstitutional and unrecognized Macedonian Orthodox Church (MOC). ... Events Sunset Crater Volcano first erupts. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... The Eucharist is either the Christian sacrament of consecrated bread and wine or the ritual surrounding it. ...


Holy Assembly of Bishops

Eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Serbia
Eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Serbia

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (470x668, 25 KB)Map showing eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Serbia (self made) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (470x668, 25 KB)Map showing eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Serbia (self made) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Patriarch

Peć (Albanian: Pejë / Peja; Serbian: Пећ / Peć) is a city located in the western part of Kosovo (under UN-administration, formally part of Serbia). ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... Sremski Karlovci (Serbian: Sremski Karlovci or Сремски Карловци, German: Karlowitz or Carlowitz, Croatian: Srijemski Karlovci, Hungarian: Karlóca, Turkish: Karlofça) is a town and municipality in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia and Montenegro, situated on the bank of the river Danube, between Belgrade and Novi Sad. ... Patriarch Pavle (b. ...

Former Yugoslavia and Hungary

Metropolitans

Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country Croatia RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - City 641. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, Bright Dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Demonym Montenegrin Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006... Amfilohije Radović is the current metropolitan of the Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral. ... Motto None Anthem Intermeco Bosnia and Herzegovina() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Sarajevo Official languages Bosnian Croatian Serbian Government Parliamentary democracy  -  Presidency members Željko KomÅ¡ić1 NebojÅ¡a Radmanović2 Haris Silajdžić3  -  Chairman of the Council of Ministers Nikola Å pirić  -  High Representative 4 Independence...

Bishops

  • Bishop of Šabac Lavrentije
  • Bishop of Niš Irinej
  • Bishop of Zvornik-Tuzla Vasilije
  • Bishop of Srem Vasilije
  • Bishop of Banja Luka Jefrem
  • Bishop of Budim/Buda Lukijan
  • Bishop of Banat Nikanor
  • Bishop of Žiča Hrizostom
  • Bishop of Bačka Milutin
  • Bishop of Ras and Prizren Artemije
  • Bishop of Bihać and Petrovac Hrizostom
  • Bishop of Osijek and Baranja Lukijan
  • Bishop of Timok Justin
  • Bishop of Vranje Pahomije
  • Bishop of Šumadija Jovan
  • Bishop of Slavonia Sava
  • Bishop of Braničevo Ignatije
  • Bishop of Mileševa Filaret
  • Bishop of Dalmatia Fotije
  • Bishop of Budimlje and Nikšić Joanikije
  • Bishop of Zahumlje and Herzegovina Grigorije
  • Retired Bishop of Zahumlje and Herzegovina Atanasije
  • Bishop of Gornji Karlovci Gerasim
  • Bishop of Valjevo Milutin
  • Vicar Bishop of Hvostno Atanasije
  • Vicar Bishop of Jegar Porfirije
  • Vicar Bishop of Lipljan Teodosije
  • Vicar Bishop of Dioclea Jovan
  • Vicar Bishop of Toplica Antonije

See also: Sabac (disambiguation) Å abac (Шабац) is a city located in Serbia at 44. ... NiÅ¡ or Nish (Serbian: Ниш / NiÅ¡,  , Latin: Naissus, Greek: Ναισσός Naissos) is a city in Serbia situated at 43. ... Zvornik Monument in Zvornik dedicated to the Serbian soldiers and civilians of the 1992-95 war Zvornik (Cyrillic: Зворник) is a city on the Drina river in northeastern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, located south of Bijeljina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Tuzla Canton Land area 302,35 km² Population 165,000 Population density 545/km² Coordinates Area code +387 35 Mayor Jasmin Imamović (SDP) Website http://www. ... For the region in Europe, see Srem (region) For the Polish city, see Śrem, Poland This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Buda (German: Ofen, Croatian: Budim, Slovak: Budín, Serbian: Будим or Budim, Turkish: Budin) is the western part of the Hungarian capital Budapest on the right bank of the Danube. ... Location of Banat in Europe Map of the Banat region with largest cities shown The Banat (Romanian: Banat, Serbian: Банат or Banat, Hungarian: Bánát or Bánság, German: Banat, Slovak: Banát, Bulgarian: Банат) is a geographical and historical region of Central Europe currently divided between three countries: the... Žiča (Serbian: Жича) is a Serb Orthodox monastery near Kraljevo, Serbia. ... Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Stari Ras (Old Ras), known at the time as Ras, was one of the first capitals of the medieval Serbian state of RaÅ¡ka, and the most important one for a long period of time. ... View of Prizren. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 70,896 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 37 Mayor Hamdija Lipovača (SDP) Website http://www. ... A town in Montenegro (federation of Serbia and Montenegro) 55 km west from Podgorica ... Osijek (pronounced: []) is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 114,616 in 2001. ... Baranya (Hungarian, in Croatian and Serbian: Baranja) is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in present Hungary, and also in the former Kingdom of Hungary. ... A map of the region of Timok Timok (Cyrillic: Тимок) is a river in Serbia. ... Vranje (Serbian Cyrillic: Врање, Bulgarian:Враня) is a town and municipality located in Serbia at 42. ... Å umadija District in Central Serbia proposed Å umadija Region Kalenić village in Å umadija Å umadija is a geographical region in Central Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Braničevo District within Central Serbia The Branicevo District (Braničevski okrug, Браничевски округ) expands in the north-east of Serbia. ... MileÅ¡eva monastery MileÅ¡eva (Serbian: Милешева) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery located near Prijepolje, in southwest Serbia. ... Dalmatia, highlighted, on a map of Croatia. ... Coordinates Mayor NebojÅ¡a Radojičić (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 2,065 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 58,212 75,282 36. ... Zahumlje in the 9th century, according to De administrando imperio Zahumlje, also known as the Land of Hum and Chelm, was a medieval South Slavic principality located in todays Herzegovina (modern day Bosnia and Herzegovina), and southern Dalmatia (modern day Republic of Croatia). ... This article is about the geographic area of Herzegovina. ... Zahumlje in the 9th century, according to De administrando imperio Zahumlje, also known as the Land of Hum and Chelm, was a medieval South Slavic principality located in todays Herzegovina (modern day Bosnia and Herzegovina), and southern Dalmatia (modern day Republic of Croatia). ... This article is about the geographic area of Herzegovina. ... Karlovac (German: Karlstadt or Carlstadt, Hungarian: Károlyváros or Marinograd) is a city and municipality in central Croatia. ... Valjevo postcard Valjevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Ваљево) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... Eger - Dobó square and the castle. ... Lipljan (Albanian: Lipjan, Serbian: Lipljan or Липљан) is a city in central Kosovo, a Serbian province under UN administration. ... Duklja according to De administrando imperio. ...

Republic of Macedonia

The Orthodox Archdiocese of Ohrid

City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Ohrid municipality Elevation 695 m Population 55 749 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 46 Postal code 6000 Car plates OH Official Website www. ... Modern Skopje Skopje (Albanian: Shkup, Macedonian: Скопје) is the capital city of the Republic of Macedonia. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Kumanovo municipality Elevation 340 m Population 105 484 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 031 Postal code 1300 Car plates KU Official Website www. ... Nickname: Motto: Bitola, babam Bitola Location of the city of Bitola (red) within the Republic of Macedonia Coordinates: , Government  - Mayor Vlademir Taleski Area  - City 422. ...

Diaspora

Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ...

Bishops

  • Bishop of Canada Georgije
  • Bishop of Eastern America Mitrophan

+Bishop of Western America Maksim

Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe which includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... The borders of Western Europe were largely defined by the Cold War. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Motto (Latin for From Sea to Sea) Anthem O Canada Royal anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Ottawa Largest city Toronto Official languages English, French Government Parliamentary democracy and federal constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II  -  Governor General Michaëlle Jean  -  Prime Minister Stephen Harper Establishment  -  Act of Union February...

Architecture of Churches

wooden church in Drven Grad
wooden church in Drven Grad

Image File history File links ChurchDrven. ... Image File history File links ChurchDrven. ...

Wooden Church

The original style of Serbian Orthodox Church was the church built out of wood. This church built in Drven Grad, which means "Wood City", is a classic example of a wooden church. As the church is made purely of wood. These churches were typically found in poorer villages where it was too expensive to build a church out of stone. Trunks A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is a solid material derived from woody plants, notably trees but also shrubs. ... It has been suggested that Ecclesia (Church) be merged into this article or section. ... A village is a human settlement commonly found in rural areas. ...


Serbo-Byzantine Style

This is the typical style of churches built. This style of church architecture was developed in the late 13th Century combining Byzantine and Raskan influences to form a new church style. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ...


By the end of 13th and in the first half of 14th century the Serbian state enlarged over Macedonia, Epirus and Thessaly up to the Aegean Sea. On these new territories Serbian art was even more influenced by the Byzantine art tradition. This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 812   -  Kingdom established 1217   -  Empire established 1346   -  Independence lost to... Epirus, spanning Greece and Albania. ... Map showing Thessaly periphery in Greece Thessaly (Θεσσαλια; modern Greek Thessalía; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. ... Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The most famous of the surviving Byzantine mosaics of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople - the image of Christ Pantocrator on the walls of the upper southern gallery. ...

Cathedral of St. Mark in Belgrade is built in Serbo-Byzantine style
Cathedral of St. Mark in Belgrade is built in Serbo-Byzantine style

Gračanica, which was entirely rebuilt by King Milutin in 1321, is the most beautiful monument of Serbian architecture from the 14th century. The church of this monastery is an example of a construction that achieved the highest degree of architecture not only in the Byzantine form but in the creation of an original and freestyle exceeding its models. The wall creation in steps is one of the basic characteristics of this temple. The Kings's Church in Studenica, characterized as an ideal church, was built in the first decades of the 14th century. Image File history File links St-mark. ... Image File history File links St-mark. ... St. ... Gračanica (Serbian: Грачаница) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery located near the village of Gračanica in municipality of Lipljan in Kosovo. ... Stefan UroÅ¡ II Milutin (Serbian: Стефан Урош II Милутин), (born around 1253-died on October 29, 1321), was a king of Serbia (reigned 1282–1321), and member of Nemanjić dynasty. ...

The Cathedral Church in Belgrade

By the end of the third decade of the 14th century the Pec Patriarchate had finally been shaped. The exterior of the Patriarchate is a vision of shapes characteristic of contemporary Serbian architecture. On the major part of the outer walls paint decoration was used instead of stone relief and brick and stone decoration. Image File history File links Kralja-Petra-exterior. ... Image File history File links Kralja-Petra-exterior. ...


A typical Serbo-Byzantine church has a rectangular foundation, with a major dome in the center with smaller domes around the center one. The inside of the church is covered with frescos that illustrate various biblical stories and portrays Serbian saints. This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... General definition of saint In general, the term Saint refers to someone who is exceptionally virtuous and holy. ...


Western Influences

During the 17th Century many of the Serbian Orthodox Churches that were built in Belgrade took all the characteristics of baroque churches built in the Austrian occupied regions where Serbs lived. The churches usually had a bell tower, and a single nave building with the iconostasis inside the church covered with Renaissance-style paintings. These churches can be found in Belgrade, which was occupied by the Austrian Empire from 1717 to 1738, and on the border with Austrian (later Austro-Hungarian empire) across the Sava and Danube rivers from 1804 when Serbian statehood was re-established.
Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... Anthem Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) The Austrian Empire Capital Vienna Language(s) German Hungarian Romanian Czech Slovakian Slovenian Croatian Serbian Italian Polish Ruthenian Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Ausgleich 1867 The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was a modern era successor empire founded... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...


Icons

Iconostasis of the Cathedral Church in Belgrade

Icons are replete with symbolism meant to convey far more meaning than simply the identity of the person depicted, and it is for this reason that Orthodox iconography has become an exacting science of copying older icons rather than an opportunity for artistic expression. The Orthodox believe that the first icons of Christ and the Virgin Mary were painted by Luke the Evangelist. Orthodox regard their depiction of Christ as accurate, with Christ having brown semi-curly hair, brown eyes, and Semitic features (the Virgin Mary being similar). The personal, idiosyncratic and creative traditions of Western European religious art are largely lacking in Orthodox iconography before the 17th century, when Russian icon painting was strongly influenced by religious paintings and engravings from both Protestant and Catholic Europe. Greek icon painting also began to take on a strong romantic western influence for a period and the difference between some Orthodox icons and western religious art began to vanish. More recently there has been a strong trend of returning to the more traditional and symbolic representations. Image File history File links Kralja-Petra-altar. ... Image File history File links Kralja-Petra-altar. ... Look up Iconography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Christ is the English term for the Greek word (Christós), which literally means The Anointed One. ... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: Mary, the mother of Jesus, the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic theological and doctrinal concept of Mary Marian apparitions shrines to the Virgin Mary Virgin Mary in Islam, the Islamic theological and doctrinal concept... Luke the Evangelist (לוקא, Greek: Loukas) is said by tradition to be the author of both the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles, the third and fifth books of the New Testament. ... Christ is the English term for the Greek word (Christós), which literally means The Anointed One. ... Christ is the English term for the Greek word (Christós), which literally means The Anointed One. ... In linguistics and ethnology, Semitic (from the Biblical Shem, Hebrew: שם, translated as name, Arabic: سام) was first used to refer to a language family of largely Middle Eastern origin, now called the Semitic languages. ... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: Mary, the mother of Jesus, the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic theological and doctrinal concept of Mary Marian apparitions shrines to the Virgin Mary Virgin Mary in Islam, the Islamic theological and doctrinal concept... The borders of Western Europe were largely defined by the Cold War. ... Religious Art and the history of religious art are deserving of a page on Wikipedia. ... Look up Iconography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...

"A Portrait of the Evangelist", a miniature from the Radoslav Gospel (1429).
"A Portrait of the Evangelist", a miniature from the Radoslav Gospel (1429).

Icons are not considered by the Orthodox to be "graven images" or idols, and prohibitions against three-dimensional statuary are still in place. Biblical prohibitions against material depictions have been altered by Christ (as God) taking on material form. Also, it is not the wood or paint that are venerated, but rather God is through the individual (or event) portrayed. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Radoslavs Gospels (also known as Leningrad Serbian Gospel, Gospel of the Spiritual Visarion, and Tetraevangelion of Inok Dalsa Scribe) was created in 1429 by Radoslav, a Serbian scribe from Dalsa. ... Christ is the English term for the Greek word (Christós), which literally means The Anointed One. ...


Large icons can be found adorning the walls of churches and often cover the inside structure completely. Orthodox homes often likewise have icons hanging on the wall, usually together on an eastern facing wall, and in a central location where the family can pray together.


Icons are often illuminated with a candle or oil lamp. (Beeswax for candles and olive oil for lamps are preferred because they are natural and burn cleanly.) Besides the practical purpose of making icons visible in an otherwise dark church, both candles and oil lamps symbolize the Light of the World which is Christ. Christ is the English term for the Greek word (Christós), which literally means The Anointed One. ...


Tales of miraculous icons that moved, spoke, cried, bled, or gushed fragrant myrrh are not uncommon, though it has always been considered that the message of such an event was for the immediate faithful involved and therefore does not usually attract crowds. Some miraculous icons whose reputations span long periods of time nevertheless become objects of pilgrimage along with the places where they are kept. This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ...

See also

The majority of Serb Orthodox monasteries are in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and to a lesser extent in Croatia. ... There are many monasteries in Serbia. ...

Autocephalous Orthodox Churches

The Orthodox Church of Constantinople is one of the fifteen autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches. ... The Orthodox Church of Alexandria is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches. ... The Antiochian Orthodox Church is one of the five churches that comprised the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church before the Great Schism, and today is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches. ... The Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, properly called the Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, is regarded by Orthodox Christians as the mother church of all of Christendom, because it was in Jerusalem that the Church was established on the day of Pentecost with the descent of the Holy Spirit on the... The Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (Russian: ), also known as the Orthodox Christian Church of Russia, is a body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... The Georgian Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church (Saqartvelos Samotsiqulo Avtokepaluri Martlmadidebeli Eklesia in Georgian language) is one of the worlds most ancient Christian Churches, founded in the 1st century by the Apostle Andrew. ... The Romanian Orthodox Church (Biserica Ortodoxă Română in Romanian) is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches. ... The Bulgarian Orthodox Church (Bulgarian: , Bylgarska pravoslavna cyrkva) is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church with some 6. ... The ancient Cypriot Orthodox Church is one of the sixteen independent (autocephalous) Eastern Orthodox churches, which are in communion and in doctrinal agreement with one another but not all subject to one patriarch. ... The Church of Greece is one of the fifteenth autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches which make up the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ... Orthodox church in Hajnówka The Autocephalous Church of Poland, commonly known as the Polish Orthodox Church, is one of the independent Orthodox churches. ... The Orthodox Authocephalous Church of Albania is one of the newest autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, having only been established in the 20th century. ... The Czech and Slovak Orthodox Church (Czechoslovak Orthodox Church up to 1993) traces its roots to the Church of the Czech Brethren of the 1920s. ... The Orthodox Church in America (OCA) is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church in North America. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Support for Greater Serbia - Serbian Orthodox Church
  2. ^ Official known as the Archdiocese of Belgrade-Sremski Karlovci, encompasses only the Belgrade area. The Title of Sremski Karlovci is in reference to the old Serbian Metropolitanate of Karlovci. Also this diocese is headed by the Patriarch.

Arsenije III Čarnojević, the metropolitan of Sentandreja Josif Rajačić, the last metropolitan of Karlovci The Metropolitanate of Karlovci (Serbian: Карловачка митрополија or Karlovačka mitropolija) was a metropolitanate of the Orthodox Church that existed between 1691 and 1848. ... For other senses, see Patriarch (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ Support for Greater Serbia - Serbian Orthodox Church
  2. ^ Official known as the Archdiocese of Belgrade-Sremski Karlovci, encompasses only the Belgrade area. The Title of Sremski Karlovci is in reference to the old Serbian Metropolitanate of Karlovci. Also this diocese is headed by the Patriarch.

Arsenije III Čarnojević, the metropolitan of Sentandreja Josif Rajačić, the last metropolitan of Karlovci The Metropolitanate of Karlovci (Serbian: Карловачка митрополија or Karlovačka mitropolija) was a metropolitanate of the Orthodox Church that existed between 1691 and 1848. ... For other senses, see Patriarch (disambiguation). ...

External links

Dioceses

Autocephalous and Autonomous Churches of Eastern Orthodoxy
Autocephalous Churches
Four Ancient Patriarchates: Constantinople | Alexandria | Antioch | Jerusalem
Russia | Serbia | Romania | Bulgaria | Georgia
Cyprus | Greece | Poland | Albania | Czechia and Slovakia | OCA*
Autonomous Churches
Sinai* | Finland | Estonia* | Japan* | China* | Ukraine | Western Europe* | Bessarabia* | Moldova* | Ohrid* | ROCOR**
The * designates a church whose autocephaly or autonomy is not universally recognized.
The ** designates a semi-autonomous part of the Russian Orthodox Church.

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