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Encyclopedia > Serbian Despotate

This article is part of the series on the
History of Serbia Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Serbia_small. ... First Serbian state was founded in 800s by House of Vlastimirović under the name of Raška; it has evolved into Serbian Kingdom and Empire under House of Nemanjić. In modern era it was an autonomous principality (1817–1878), independent principality and kingdom (1878–1918), part of the Kingdom of...

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The Serbian Despotate (Serbian: Српска деспотовина or Srpska despotovina) was among the last Serbian states to be conquered by the Ottoman Empire. As the Battle of Kosovo in 1389 is generally considered as the end of the medieval Serbian state, Despotovina, the successor of the Serbian Empire and the state of prince Lazar survived for 70 more years, experiencing a cultural and political rennaisaince in the first half of the XV century before it was conquered by the Ottomans in 1459. Even then, it continued in the Hungarian exile until the mid 1500s. The Serbs entered their present territory early in the 7th century AD, settling in six distinct tribal delimitations: Rascia/RaÅ¡ka (present-day Western Serbia and Northern Montenegro), Bosnia [1] (indistinct from Rascia until the 12th century), Zachumlie/Zahumlje (western Herzegovina), Trebounia/Travunija (eastern Herzegovina), Pagania/Paganija (middle Dalmatia) and... RaÅ¡ka (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Serbia was formerly a principality (1817-1882), kingdom (1882-1918) and part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918-1945, until 1929 the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes). ... Lazar Hrebeljanović, prince of Moravian Serbia (1371-1389) Moravian Serbia (Serbian: Moravska Srbija, Моравска Србија) was the most important of the Serbian states that emerged from the collapse of the Serbian Empire in the 14th century. ... This page is about the Battle of Kosovo of 1389; for other battles, see Battle of Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Flag of the First Serbian Uprising First Serbian Uprising was an uprising at the beginning of the 19th century in which Serbs living in Belgrade Pashaluk in the Ottoman Empire, led by Karadjordje, managed to liberate the Pashaluk for a significant time, which eventually led to the creation of modern... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e Petrović, leader of Serbian uprising in 1804 Serbia gained its autonomy from the Ottoman Empire in two revolutions in 1804 and 1815, though Turkish troops continued to garrison the capital, Belgrade until 1867. ... Principality of Serbia and Vojvodina of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat in 1849 Serbian Principality was a state in the Balkans that came into existence as a result of First Serbian Uprising and Second Serbian Uprising between 1804 and 1816. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... Combatants Austria-Hungary German Empire Bulgaria(1915-1918) Serbia Greece(1916-1918) Montenegro France(1916-1918) United Kingdom(1916-1918) Italy(1916-1918) Commanders August von Mackensen Oskar Potiorek Nikola Zhekov Radomir Putnik Nicholas I Maurice Sarrail Adolphe Guillaumat Franchet dEsperey George Milne Panagiotis Danglis The Serbian Campaign was... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... Nedićs Serbia (Nedićeva Srbija) is the popular name for the Serbian nazi puppet state that existed between 1941 and 1944, on the teritory of parts of todays Serbia. ... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian, Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian, Macedonian Government Socialist republic President  - 1945 - 1953 Ivan Ribar  - 1991 Stjepan Mesić Prime Minister  - 1945 - 1963 Josip Broz Tito  - 1989 - 1991 Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29, 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution February 21, 1974  - Secessions... Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  Independence c. ... Serbian (српски језик; srpski jezik) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs everywhere. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... This page is about the Battle of Kosovo of 1389; for other battles, see Battle of Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Serbia was formerly a principality (1817-1882), kingdom (1882-1918) and part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918-1945, until 1929 the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes). ... Prince Lazar, Photo courtesy of freesrpska. ... The decade of years from 1500 to 1509, inclusive. ...

Contents

Origin of the Despotate

After prince Lazar was killed in the Battle of Kosovo on June 28, 1389, his son Stefan Lazarević succeeded him. Being a minor, his mother princess Milica ruled as his regent. Wise and diplomatic woman, she managed to balance the Ottoman threat as Ottoman Empire was in a turmoil after the Battle of Kosovo and killing of sultan Murad I. She married her daughter, Olivera, to his successor, sultan Bayezid I. June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... Events February 24 - Margaret I defeats Albert in battle, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... Despot Stefan Lazarevićs Coat of Arms 1415 AD Despot Stefan Lazarević (Serbian Cyrillic: Стефан Лазаревић) (1374-1427) was the son and heir to Lazar (Serbian: Кнез Лазар), the Serbian prince who died at the Battle of Kosovo against the Turks in 1389, and princess Milica (Милица) from the subordinate branch of the Nemanjić (Немањић) dynasty. ... Sultan Murad I (มู้หลัดที่หนึ่ง) Murad I (nick-named Hüdavendigâr, the God-liked one) (1319 (or 1326) – 1389) was the ruler of the Ottoman Empire from 1359 to 1389. ... Bayezid I (Ottoman: بايزيد اول, Modern Turkish: Beyazıt, nicknamed Yıldırım (Ottoman: ییلدیرم), the Thunderbolt; Arabic: بايزيد الأول; ca 1354–1403) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1389 to 1402. ...


Sometime after the battle, in 1390 or 1391, Serbia became a vassal Ottoman state, so Stefan Lazarevic was obliged to participate in battles if ordered by the Ottoman sultan. He did so in the Battle of Rovine in May 1395 against the Wallachian prince Mircea I and the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396 against the Hungarian king Sigismund. After that, sultan Bayezid awarded Stefan with majority of the Vuk Branković's land on Kosovo, as Branković sided with the Hungarian king at Nicopolis. Despot Stefan Lazarevićs Coat of Arms 1415 AD Despot Stefan Lazarević (in Cyrillic: Стефан Лазаревић) (1374-1427) was the son and heir to Lazar (Cyrillic: Лазар), the Serbian prince who... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... Map of Romania with Wallachia in yellow. ... Mircea the Elder Wallachia under Mircea cel Bătrân, c. ... // Combatants Ottoman Empire France, Kingdom of Hungary, Wallachia Commanders Bayezid I Sigismund of Hungary, John of Nevers #, Mircea the Elder Strength About 100,000 About 100,000 Casualties About 35,000 About 35,000 The Battle of Nicopolis (Bulgarian: , Bitka pri Nikopol; Turkish: , Hungarian: nikápolyi csata) took place on... Sigismund, aged approximately 50, depicted by unknown artist in the 1420s - the only contemporary portrait. ... Vuk Branković (in Serbian Cyrillic Вук Бранковић) (dead 6. ...


When Mongols entered the Ottoman realm, Stefan Lazarević participated in the Battle of Angora in 1402 when Ottomans were defeated and sultan Bayezid was captured. Returning back to Serbia, Stefan visited Constantinople where the Byzantine emperor Manuel II Palaiologos granted him the title of despot. In previous years, title would mean that the despot would rule some vassal state, but as the Byzantine Empire was too weak to assert such a rule and Serbia was not its vassal state, Stefan Lazarević took this title as the personal style of the Serbian monarchs, thus the Principality of Serbia became Serbian Despotate. The name Mongols (Mongolian: Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups. ... The Battle of Ankara or Battle of Angora, fought on July 20, 1402, took place on the field of Çubukovasi between the forces of the Ottoman sultan Beyazid I and the Mongol horde of Timur, ruler of Georgia and Armenia in 1390, the Ottoman Empire became his neighbor, and the... Map of Constantinople. ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... Emperor Manuel II Manuel II Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μανουήλ Β΄ Παλαιολόγος, ManouÄ“l II Palaiologos) (June 27, 1350 – July 21, 1425) was Byzantine emperor from 1391 to 1425. ... Despotism is government by a singular authority, either a single person or tightly knit group, which rules with absolute power. ...


Stefan Lazarević

Consolidation

Already in Constantinople, Stefan had a dispute with his nephew Đurađ Branković, son of Vuk Branković who was accompanying him and got arrested by the Byzantine authorities. Đurađ would later succeed Stefan. Stefan's brother Vuk Lazarević was also in his escort and as they were returning over the Kosovo, they were attacked by the Branković army at Tripolje, near the Gračanica monastery. Vuk headed the Lazarević army which was victorious but reaching Novo Brdo, brothers had a quarel and Vuk went to the Ottoman side, to the new sultan Suleiman Çelebi. Despot ĐuraÄ‘ Branković, Cyrillic: Ђурађ Бранковић, Hungarian: György Brankovics, ruled 1427 - 1456) was a Serbian monarch who built Smederevo. ... Gračanica (Serbian: Грачаница) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery located near the village of Gračanica in municipality of Lipljan in Kosovo. ... Novo Brdo/Ново Брдо (Serbian) or Novobërda/Novobërdë (Albanian) is a town and municipality in Kosovo (under UN administration, formally part of Serbia). ...


Counting on unrests in Ottoman empire, in early 1404 Stefan accepted vassalage to the Hungarian king Sigismund, who awarded him with Belgrade, until then in Hungarian possession, so Belgrade became capital of Serbia for the first time in history as all the old capitals of Serbia (Skopje, Priština, Prilep and Kruševac) were already taken by the Ottomans. Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and the largest city of Serbia. ... Skopje (Macedonian: ) is the capital and largest city in the Republic of Macedonia, with more than a quarter of the population of the country, as well as the political, cultural, economical and academic centre of the country. ... PriÅ¡tina, also spelled Pristina (Albanian: Prishtinë / Prishtina; Serbian: PriÅ¡tina / Приштина,  ) is the capital and the largest city of Kosovo, a Serbian province under UN administration. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Prilep municipality Elevation 620 – 650 m Population 76 768 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 048 Postal code 7500 Car plates PP Official Website www. ... KruÅ¡evac (Serbian Cyrillic: Крушевац,  ) is a city and a municipality located in Serbia at 43. ...


Next few years are marked by events in Stefan's personal life. He managed to liberate his sister and Bayezid's widow Olivera. In 1404 he made peace with his brother Vuk, in 1405 he married Katilina Gatiluzzi, daughter of Francesco II Gatiluzzi, ruler of the Greek island of Lesbos. Also in 1405 his mother Milica died. Lesbos may refer to: Lesbos Island, a large Greek island in the Aegean Sea Lesbos Prefecture, the Greek prefecture that contains the island Slang word for Lesbians. ...


In 1408 brothers disputed again and Vuk, together with sultan Suleiman and the Branković family, attacked Stefan in early 1409. Being besieged at Belgrade, Stefan agreed to give southern part of Serbia to his brother and to accept again Ottoman vassalage. Suleiman's brother Musa rebelled against him and Stefan took Musa's side in the battle of Kosmidion in 1410, near Constantinople. Musa's army was defeated and Suleiman sent Vuk and Đurađ Branković's brother Lazar to come to Serbia before Stefan returns, but they both were captured by Musa's sympathizers and got executed in July 1410. Through Constantinople, where emperor Manuel II confirmed his despotic rights, Stefan returned to Belgrade and annexed Vuk's lands.


When Musa became self-proclaimed sultan in European part of the Ottoman empire, he attacked Serbia in early 1412 but was defeated by Stefan near Novo Brdo in Kosovo. Stefan then invited ruler of the Anadolian part of the empire, sultan Mehmed I to attack Musa together. Securing Hungarian help, they attacked Musa at Çamorlu, near the Vitosha mountain (modern Bulgaria) and defeated him, with Musa being killed in the battle. As a reward, Stefan received the town of Koprijan near Niš (but Niš itself remained in Ottoman hands) and the Serbian-Bulgarian area of Znepolje. For the rest of his rule, Stefan remained in good relations with Mehmed, which made the recovery of medieval Serbia possible. Sultan Mehmet I Mehmed I Çelebi (nicknamed Kirisci, the Executioner) (1389 – May 26, 1421) was a sultan of the Ottoman Empire. ... Vitosha (Bulgarian: Витоша  ) is a mountain massif, on the outskirts of Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. ... NiÅ¡ or Nish (Serbian: Ниш / NiÅ¡,  , Latin: Naissus, Greek: Ναισσός Naissos) is a city in Serbia situated at 43. ...


On April 28, 1421, Stefan's nephew and ruler of Zeta (modern Montenegro) Balša III died and bequeathed his lands to his uncle. With this and territorial gains from Hungarians (Belgrade, Srebrenica, etc), Serbia restored majority of its ethnic territories it occupied before the Battle of Kosovo. April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... Events March 21 - Battle of Baugé. A small French force surprises and defeats a smaller English force under Thomas, Duke of Clarence, a brother of Henry V of England, in Normandy. ... Zeta or ZETA can refer to: // Zeta (letter), of the Greek alphabet Zeta functions, in mathematics Riemann zeta function Tropical Storm Zeta (2005), formed in December 2005 and lasted through January 2006 Z-pinch, in fusion power Zeta (Mexico), a magazine from Tijuana, Mexico Zeta River, in Montenegro Zeta plain... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city)  Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area... BalÅ¡a III (1387 - May 1421) was the ruler of Zeta from April 1403 - May 1421. ... Srebrenica (Cyrillic: Сребреница; IPA: /srÉ›.brÉ›.ni. ...


Renessaince

The rule of the poet, thinker and artist, despot Stefan Lazarević, was a period of renewed artistic development in Serbia. Despot himself was a poet, writing one of the major medieval Serbian literary works, Slovo ljubve ('The word of love') and one of the largest libraries in the Balkans at that period. Apart from political stability as a result of Stefan's ability to keep a distance from both the Ottomans and Hungarians, stability was also helped by the very rich silver mines, Srebrenica and Novo Brdo, some of the wealthiest in Europe at that time. Belgrade, at that time became one of the largest cities in Europe, numbering over 100,000 people.


Đurađ Branković

First rule

As despot Stefan had no children of his own, already in 1426 he bequeathed the despotate to his nephew, Đurađ Branković who succeeded him upon his death on July 19, 1427. Already the second most important figure in the despotate for the last 15 years, he was confirmed as despot by the Byzantine emperor John VIII Palaeologus in 1429. July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... Events Lincoln College, a constituent college of the University of Oxford, is founded. ... Medal of the emperor during his visit to Florence, by Pisanello (1438). ...


As an immediate result of Stefan's death, Serbia had to return Belgrade to the Hungarians which gave it to Stefan as a personal gift to him. As the southern wealthy cities (like Novo Brdo) were too close to the Ottomans to be declared new capitals, Đurađ decided to built a new one, a magnificent fortress of Smederevo on the Danube, close to the Hungarian border. Constructed 1428-30, Smederevo was a source of many future misinterpretations of the history, especially concerning Đurađ's wife Jerina. Being a Greek and with her brothers very influential to the new despot, people began to dislike her, attributing to her many vicious and evil characteristics including that building of Smederevo was her caprice(in folk poetry she's been dubbed Prokleta Jerina (the Damned Jerina), but nothing of this can't be confirmed from historical sources. Location in Serbia-Montenegro [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia-Montenegro highlighting the settlement location]] General Information Mayor SaÅ¡a Radosavljević Land area  ? Population (2002 census) 77,808 (109,809 municipality) Population density (2002)  ? Coordinates [1] Area code +381 26 Subdivisions 27 settlements in the municipality License plate code SD...


Temporary Ottoman occupation

Period of relative peace ended in 1438 when Ottoman army, headed by the sultan Murad II himself, attacked and sacked Serbia. Despot Đurađ fled to Hungary in May 1439, leaving a regency of two, his son Grgur Branković and Jerina's brother Toma Kantakuzin to defend the country. After three-months siege, Smederevo fell on August 18, 1439, while Novo Brdo, 'mother of all cities' was conquered on June 27, 1441. At this point the only free remaining part of the despotate was Zeta. First Ottoman governor of Serbia was Ishak-Beg who in 1443 was replaced by Isa-Beg. Murad II Murad II (1404 – February 3, 1451) (Arabic: مراد الثاني) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1421 to 1451 (except for a period from 1444 to 1446). ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Battle of Grotnik, which ended the hussite movement in Poland Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... This page is about the year 1441. ...


Đurađ Branković restored

In Hungary, Đurađ Branković managed to talk Hungarian leaders to expel the Ottomans, so a broad Christian coalition of Hungarians (under John Hunyadi) , Serbs and Romanians (under Vlad II Dracul) advanced to Serbia and Bulgaria in September 1443, and Serbia was fully restored on June 12, 1444. How hard it was to balance between such a strong powers in the region may be seen from the fact that in 1447-48 despot Đurađ helped Byzantines to make city walls of Constantinople stronger, but being officially Ottoman vassal, he had to send an army to help sultan Mehmed II to conquer Constantinople on May 29, 1453. Immediately next year, Mehmed II attacked Serbia, taking finally Novo Brdo in 1455 and in 1456 despot Đurađ handed over to the sultan entire southern section of Serbia, before he died on December 24, 1456 in Smederevo. John Hunyadi, as imagined by a 17th century artist John Hunyadi (Medieval Latin: Ioannes Corvinus, German: Johann Hunyadi; Hungarian: Hunyadi János, Romanian: Iancu or Ioan de Hunedoara) (c. ... Vlad II (also known as Dracul or The Dragon) (c. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... Events March 2 - Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg proclaimed commander of the Albanian resistance April 16 - Truce of Tours. ... Mehmed II (Ottoman Turkish: محمد ثانى Meḥmed-i sānÄ«, Turkish: ), (also known as el-Fatih (الفاتح), the Conqueror, in Ottoman Turkish, or, in modern Turkish, Fatih Sultan Mehmet) (March 30, 1432 – May 3, 1481) was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire for a short time from 1444 to 1446, and later from... May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... April 2 - Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (Ä°stanbul). ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... // Events July 7 - Joan of Arc acquitted (but she had already been executed). ...


Lazar Branković

Despot Lazar Branković, who succeeded his father Đurađ, seeing that Serbia is too weak and that it is impossible to defeat the Ottomans on the battlefield, managed to make a deal with sultan Mehmed II on January 15, 1457. According to this, he was granted back most of his father's lands and a promise that Serbia will not be disturbed by the Ottomans until Lazar's death, who in turn had to pay a tribute. Being relieved of the southern threat, Lazar turned to the north and Hungarian internal battles, managing to capture the town of Kovin on the left bank of the Danube in 1457, which was the first time in Serbian history that Serbia stretched across the Danube. Despot Lazar died on January 20, 1458. January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events University of Freiburg founded. ... Kovin (Serbian: Kovin or Ковин, Romanian: Cuvin, Hungarian: Kevevára, German: Kubin) is a town and municipality in South Banat District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 24 - Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary Foundation of Magdalen College, University of Oxford George of Podebrady becomes king of Bohemia Pope Pius II becomes pope Turks sack the Acropolis Births February 15 - Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. ...


Regency and Stefan Branković

As despot Lazar Branković had no sons, a three-member regency was formed after his death. It included Lazar's brother, the blind Stefan Branković, Lazar's widow Jelena Palaeologus and Mihailo Anđelović, the 'governor of Rascia'. After Anđelović secretly let one company of Ottomans into Smederevo, he was imprisoned in March 1458 and Stefan became despot in his own right. Year later, Stefan opted to marry his niece, late despot Lazar's daughter, Marija, to the heir apparent of Bosnia, Stefan Tomašević. Even before Stefan married Marija, he declared himself new despot on March 21, 1459 and expelled ex-despot Stefan to Hungary on April 8, 1459. Stephen III was the youngest brother of Lazar II Brankovic. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Stjepan TomaÅ¡ević (Cyrillic: Стефан Томашевић), first name also rendered Stipan, Stefan, and Stephen, from Latin Stephanus, ruled from 1461 to 1463 as the last King of Bosnia. ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (81st in leap years). ... Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ...


Stefan Tomašević and fall of the Despotate

Stefan Tomašević is considered to be the unluckiest Serbian ruler in the middle ages as he managed to lose two countries to the Ottomans: Serbia in 1459 and Bosnia in 1463. His appointment as new despot was highly unpopular but pushed hard by his father, Bosnian king Stefan Tomaš. Since by this time Serbia was reduced to only a strip of land surrounding Smederevo, sultan Mehmed I decided to conquer Serbia completely and arrived at Smederevo, new ruling suite didn't even try to defend the city. After negotiations, Bosnians were allowed to leave the city and Serbia was officially conquered by Turks on June 20, 1459. Sultan Mehmet I Mehmed I Çelebi (nicknamed Kirisci, the Executioner) (1389 – May 26, 1421) was a sultan of the Ottoman Empire. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ...


Despotate in Hungarian exile

Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ...

Vuk Grgurević Branković

Đorđe Branković

Jovan Branković

Jelena Jakšić Branković

Ivaniš Berislavić

Stefan Berislavić

Radič Božić

Pavle Bakić

Tables of Despotate rulers

Rulers of the Serbian Despotate

Name Ruled from Ruled until Remark
Stefan Lazarević (1374-1427) August, 1402 July 19, 1427 Lazarević dynasty
Đurađ Branković (1375-1456) July 19, 1427 August 18, 1439 Branković dynasty
Grgur Branković (1416-59) May, 1439 August 18, 1439 co-regent for Đurađ
Toma Kantakuzin May, 1439 August 18, 1439 co-regent for Đurađ
Ishak-Beg (+1443) 1439 1443 Turkish governor
Isa-Beg 1443 June 12, 1444 Turkish governor
Đurađ Branković (1375-1456) June 12, 1444 December 24, 1456 restored
Lazar Branković (1421-58) December 24, 1456 January 19, 1458 Branković dynasty
Mihailo Anđelović (+1464) January 19, 1458 March, 1458 co-regent
Jelena Paleolog (1432-73) January 19, 1458 March, 1458 co-regent
Stefan Branković (1420-76) January 19, 1458 March 21, 1459 co-regent to March 1458
Stefan Tomašević (1438-63) March 21, 1459 June 20, 1459 Kotromanić dynasty

Despot Stefan Lazarevićs Coat of Arms 1415 AD Despot Stefan Lazarević (Serbian Cyrillic: Стефан Лазаревић) (1374-1427) was the son and heir to Lazar (Serbian: Кнез Лазар), the Serbian prince who died at the Battle of Kosovo against the Turks in 1389, and princess Milica (Милица) from the subordinate branch of the Nemanjić (Немањић) dynasty. ... Despot Đurađ Branković, Cyrillic: Ђурађ Бранковић, Hungarian: György Brankovics, ruled 1427 - 1456) was a Serbian monarch who built Smederevo. ... Despot Đurađ Branković, Cyrillic: Ђурађ Бранковић, Hungarian: György Brankovics, ruled 1427 - 1456) was a Serbian monarch who built Smederevo. ... Lazar II Brankovic (died 20 February 1458) was a Serbian despot from 1456 to 1458. ... Stephen III was the youngest brother of Lazar II Brankovic. ... Stjepan Tomašević (Cyrillic: Стефан Томашевић), first name also rendered Stipan, Stefan, and Stephen, from Latin Stephanus, ruled from 1461 to 1463 as the last King of Bosnia. ...

Titular rulers of the Serbian Despotate in Hungarian exile

Name Ruled from Ruled until Remark
Vuk Grgurević Branković (1438-85) 1471 April 16, 1485 "Zmaj Ognjeni Vuk"
Đorđe Branković (1461-1516) February, 1486 July, 1497 Branković dynasty
Jovan Branković (1462-1502) 1492 December 10, 1502 Branković dynasty
Jelena Branković (d.1530) December 10, 1502 1503 Jovan's widow; acting
Ivaniš Berislavić (d.1514) 1503 January, 1514 Berislavić dynasty
Stefan Berislavić (1504-36) January, 1514 1536 Berislavić dynasty
Jelena Branković (d.1530) January, 1514 1522 second time; acting for her minor son Stefan
Radič Božić (d.1528) June 29, 1527 September, 1528 Božić dynasty
Pavle Bakić (d.1537) September 20, 1537 October 9, 1537 Bakić dynasty

Vuk Branković (in Serbian Cyrillic Вук Бранковић) (dead 6. ...

References

  • Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Dušan Spasić, Aleksandar Palavestra, Dušan Mrđenović: Rodoslovne tablice i grbovi srpskih dinastija i vlastele, Second edition (1991); Bata; ISBN 86-7685-007-0
  • Vladimir Ćorović: Ilustrovana istorija Srba, Vol. III (2006); Politika NM & Narodna Knjiga; ISBN 86-331-2525-0 (NK)
  • Dennis P. Hupchick: The Balkans: From Constantinople to Communism; Palgrave Macmillan; ISBN 1-4039-6417-3

 
 

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