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Encyclopedia > Serbia and Montenegro
Србија и Црна Гора
Srbija i Crna Gora

State Union Serbia and Montenegro

2003 – 2006

Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Belgrade
Language(s) Serbian
Government Republic
President Svetozar Marović
Historical era Post-Cold War
 - UN membership¹ November 1, 2000
 - Established February 42003
 - Disestablished June 52006
Area
 - 2006 102,350 km2
39,518 sq mi
Population
 - 2006 est. 10,832,545 
     Density 105.8 /km² 
274.1 /sq mi
Currency Serbian dinar, Euro
¹Membership as FR Yugoslavia
ISO 3166-1=CS, ISO 3166-3=CSXX
International calling code = 381, UTC offset = +1

The State Union Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Државна заједница Србија и Црна Гора / Državna zajednica Srbija i Crna Gora, abbreviated as СЦГ / SCG), was a confederated union of Serbia and Montenegro, which existed between 2003 and 2006. The two republics, both of which are former republics of the SFR Yugoslavia, initially formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992. In 2003, the FRY was reconstituted as a State Union Serbia and Montenegro. Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_FR_Yugoslavia. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_(state). ... Anthem: Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro(deep orange) on the European continent(white)  —  [] Capital (and largest city)  Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_and_Montenegro. ... Image File history File links originally uploaded by Avala. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The flag of Serbia and Montenegro was adopted on April 27, 1992, as the flag of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... Coat of Arms of Serbia and Montenegro // Official Status Officialy adopted by federal parlaiment in 1994. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 568 KB, MIME type: image/png) This is a locator map for en:Serbia and Montenegro and the en:Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Serbian (српски језик; srpski jezik) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs everywhere. ... For other uses, see Republic (disambiguation). ... The President of Serbia and Montenegro and the chairman of Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro was elected at the proposal of the President and Vice President of the Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro for a four year term. ... Svetozar Marović (Светозар Маровић; born March 31, 1955 in Kotor) is a lawyer and a politician. ... The post-Cold War era is a time period following the end of the Cold War. ... A map of UN member states and their dependencies as recognized by the UN. Regions excluded: Antarctica (regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System), Vatican City (the Holy See is a UN observer), the Palestinian territories (the Palestine Liberation Organization is a UN observer), and Western Sahara (status in dispute between... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Constitutional Charter of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro came into force on 4 February 2003, and united Serbia and Montenegro under one government, replacing the earlier Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... The dinar is the official currency of Serbia, one of the two republics that comprise Serbia and Montenegro. ... ISO 4217 Code EUR User(s) European Union: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Republic of Ireland, Italy (except Campione dItalia), Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain. ... Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... ISO 3166-1, as part of the ISO 3166 standard, provides codes for the names of countries and dependent areas. ... ISO 3166-3 is an international standard that defines codes for outdated ISO 3166-1 country codes and is part of ISO 3166. ... Serbian (српски језик; srpski jezik) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs everywhere. ... A confederation is an association of sovereign states or communities, usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution. ... A Political Union is a type of state which is composed of smaller states. ... Anthem: Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro(deep orange) on the European continent(white)  —  [] Capital (and largest city)  Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, Macedonian Government Socialist republic President  - 1945 - 1953 Ivan Ribar  - 1991 Stjepan Mesić Prime Minister  - 1945 - 1963 Josip Broz Tito  - 1989 - 1991 Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29, 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution February 21, 1974  - dissolution June 25... Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On May 21, 2006, Montenegro held a referendum to seek full independence. Final official results indicated on May 31 that 55.5% of voters had elected to become independent. The state union effectively came to an end after Montenegro's formal declaration of independence on June 3, 2006 and Serbia's formal declaration of independence on June 5. Many view this as symbolizing the final end of what was left from the former Yugoslavia. May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Montenegrin independence referendum was a referendum on the independence of the Republic of Montenegro from Serbia and Montenegro that was held on May 21, 2006. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ...


A loose confederation, Serbia and Montenegro was a union only in certain political areas (e.g. defence). The states had separate economic policies and currencies. The country did not have a unified capital, dividing its common institutions between Belgrade in Serbia and Podgorica in Montenegro. Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Coordinates Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 1,441 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 136,473 169,132 117,4 pop per km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Before 12th Century as Birziminium Area code +382 81 Car...

Contents

History

In 2002, Serbia and Montenegro came to a new agreement regarding continued co-operation, which, among other changes, promised the end of the name Yugoslavia, since they were part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. On February 4, 2003, the federal parliament of Yugoslavia created a loose confederation - State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. A new Constitutional Charter was agreed to provide a framework for the governance of the country. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro (Скупштина Србије и Црне Горе/SkupÅ¡tina Srbije i Crne Gore) is the national assembly of Serbia and Montenegro. ... A confederation is an association of sovereign states or communities, usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution. ... The Constitutional Charter of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro came into force on 4 February 2003, and united Serbia and Montenegro under one government, replacing the earlier Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ...


On Sunday, 21 May 2006, Montenegrins voted on an independence referendum, with 55.5% supporting independence. Fifty-five percent or more of affirmative votes were needed to dissolve the state union of Serbia and Montenegro. The turnout was 86.3% and 99.73% of the more than 477,000 votes cast were deemed valid. May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Montenegrins (Serbian and Montenegrin: Црногорци / Crnogorci) are a South Slavic people who are primarily associated with the Republic of Montenegro. ...


The subsequent Montenegrin proclamation of independence on June 3, 2006 and the Serbian proclamation of independence on June 5 ended the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and thus the last remaining vestiges of the former Yugoslavia. June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ...


Administrative divisions

Serbia and Montenegro was composed of two republics. Serbia, meanwhile, had two subordinate autonomous provinces. The structure of Serbia and Montenegro: Serbia and Montenegro consists of two states, Serbia and Montenegro. ... Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ...

The country's political and administrative capital was Belgrade, while its judicial capital was Podgorica. Anthem: Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Nickname: Serbian Athens Motto: Град по мери грађана City of the citizens (in English) Location of Novi Sad within Serbia Coordinates: Country  Serbia Province Vojvodina District South Bačka Established 1694 City status February 1, 1748 Politics    - Mayor Maja Gojković (SRS)  - City assembly SRS, DSS and SPS  - Municipalities 2 (Novi Sad and Petrovaradin) Area... Kosovo (known in Albanian as Kosova, in Serbian as Косово и Метохија / Kosovo i Metohija, and in English simply as Kosovo) is a province in southern Serbia. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... PriÅ¡tina, also spelled Pristina (Albanian: Prishtinë / Prishtina; Serbian: PriÅ¡tina / Приштина,  ) is the capital and the largest city of Kosovo, a Serbian province under UN administration. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro(deep orange) on the European continent(white)  —  [] Capital (and largest city)  Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June... Coordinates Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 1,441 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 136,473 169,132 117,4 pop per km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Before 12th Century as Birziminium Area code +382 81 Car... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Coordinates Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 1,441 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 136,473 169,132 117,4 pop per km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Before 12th Century as Birziminium Area code +382 81 Car...


Geography

Map of Serbia-Montenegro
Map of Serbia-Montenegro

Serbia and Montenegro had an area of 102,350 square kilometres (39,518 sq mi), with 199 kilometres (124 mi) of coastline. The terrain of the two republics is extremely varied, with much of Serbia comprising plains and low hills (except in the more mountainous region of Kosovo and Metohija) and much of Montenegro consisting of high mountains. Serbia is entirely landlocked, with the coastline belonging to Montenegro, which also possessed the only fjord in southern Europe. The climate is similarly varied. The north has a continental climate (cold winters and hot summers); the central region has a combination of a continental and Mediterranean climate; the southern region had an Adriatic climate along the coast, with inland regions experiencing hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall inland. Map of Serbia and Montenegro, from CIA World Factbook. ... Map of Serbia and Montenegro, from CIA World Factbook. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... For other uses, see Republic (disambiguation). ... Fjord in Sunnmøre, Norway A fjord (or fiord) is a narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes, which results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley. ... A continental climate is the climate typical of the middle-latitude interiors of the large continents of the Northern Hemisphere in the zone of westerly winds; similar climates exist along the east coasts and southwest coasts of the same continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of... A continental climate is the climate typical of the middle-latitude interiors of the large continents of the Northern Hemisphere in the zone of westerly winds; similar climates exist along the east coasts and southwest coasts of the same continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of... A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles those of the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea. ...


Belgrade, with its population of 1,574,050, is the largest city in the two nations: and the only one of significant size. The country's other principal cities were Novi Sad, Niš, Kragujevac, Podgorica, Subotica, Priština, and Prizren, each with populations of about 100,000-250,000 people. Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Nickname: Serbian Athens Motto: Град по мери грађана City of the citizens (in English) Location of Novi Sad within Serbia Coordinates: Country  Serbia Province Vojvodina District South Bačka Established 1694 City status February 1, 1748 Politics    - Mayor Maja Gojković (SRS)  - City assembly SRS, DSS and SPS  - Municipalities 2 (Novi Sad and Petrovaradin) Area... NiÅ¡ or Nish (Serbian: Ниш / NiÅ¡,  , Latin: Naissus, Greek: Ναισσός Naissos) is a city in Serbia situated at 43. ... Location in Serbia General Information Mayor Veroljub Stevanović Party SDPO Land area 865 km² Population (2002 census) 211. ... Coordinates Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 1,441 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 136,473 169,132 117,4 pop per km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Before 12th Century as Birziminium Area code +382 81 Car... Subotica city hall Subotica (Serbian: Суботица or Subotica, Hungarian: Szabadka, Croatian: Subotica, German: Maria-Theresiopel or Theresiopel, Slovak: Subotica, Rusin: Суботица, Romanian: Subotica or Subotita) is a city and municipality in northern Serbia and Montenegro, in the North Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... PriÅ¡tina, also spelled Pristina (Albanian: Prishtinë / Prishtina; Serbian: PriÅ¡tina / Приштина,  ) is the capital and the largest city of Kosovo, a Serbian province under UN administration. ... View of Prizren Prizren League of Prizren building in Prizren Prizren Prizren (Albanian Prizren/Prizreni, Serbian: Призрен / Prizren) is a historical city located in Kosovo a Serbian Province under UN administration at [1]. The city has a population of around 165,000, mostly Albanians[1]. It is the administrative capital of...


Demographics

Serbia and Montenegro had more demographic variety than most other European countries. The three largest named nationalities were Serbs (62.3%), Albanians (mostly Ghegs) (16.6%) and Montenegrins (5%) according to the 1991 census. The country also had significant populations of Hungarians, Roma, Bulgarians, Ethnic Macedonians, Romanians and other eastern Romance peoples (including Aromanians, Megleno-Romanians and Vlachs), and dozens of other Slavic denominations, namely Bosniaks, Croats, Bunjevci, Šokci, Goranci, Janjevci, Rusins, Slovaks, Muslims by nationality and Yugoslavs. Turkic subgroups still live in Kosovo (mostly Gagauz and Seljuks). There were a number of citizens who declared their nationality as Egyptian and Ashkali. These two were previously regarded as a part of Roma who are of the belief that they originated from present-day Egypt and Israel. Most of the ethnic diversity was situated in the provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina, where smaller numbers of other minority groups may have be found. The large Albanian population was chiefly concentrated in Kosovo, with smaller populations in the Preševo and Bujanovac municipalities in Central Serbia, and in the south-east of Montenegro (Ulcinj municipality). The large Bosniak population lived in the Sandžak region on the border between Serbia and Montenegro. Population: 10,600,000 (Serbia - 9,981,929; Montenegro - 620,000) note: Age structure: 0-14 years: Serbia - 19. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia and the Republic of Macedonia. ... Montenegrins (Serbian and Montenegrin: Црногорци / Crnogorci) are a South Slavic people who are primarily associated with the Republic of Montenegro. ... Tzigane redirects here; for the composition by Maurice Ravel, see Tzigane (Ravel). ... The Macedonians[1] (Македонци, Makedonci) - also referred to as Macedonian Slavs [2] - are a South Slavic ethnic group who are primarily associated with the Republic of Macedonia. ... Aromanians (also called: Arumanians or Macedo-Romanians; in Aromanian they call themselves Arumâni, Armâni, Rămăni, Rumâni or Aromâni) are a people living throughout the southern Balkans, especially in northern Greece, Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria, and as an emigrant community in Romania... Map of Balkans with regions inhabited by Megleno-Romanians in dark yellow Megleno-Romanians (In Megleno-Romanian: Vlashi, in Greek: Βλαχομογλενίτες Vlachomoglenítes) is an exonym for a people inhabiting six villages in the Moglená (Μογλενά) region of Macedonia spanning the Pella and Kilkis prefectures of Macedonia, Greece, as well as the... Vlachs (Vlach/Romanian: Rumâni, Serbian: Власи or Vlasi) are an ethnic group of Serbia, culturally and linguistically cognate to Romanians. ... Slav, Slavic or Slavonic can refer to: Slavic peoples Slavic languages Slavic mythology Church Slavonic language Old Church Slavonic language Slav, a former Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip. ... The Bosniaks (Bosnian: BoÅ¡njaci, IPA: ) are a South Slav people living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present in Kosovo and Macedonia. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... The Catholic Church in the Bunjevac village of Stari Žednik Bunjevci (Bunjevac, Serbian and Croatian: Bunjevci/Буњевци, singular Bunjevac/Буњевац, pronounced as Bunyevtzi and Bunyevatz, also in Hungarian: bunyevácok) are a South Slavic ethnic group originally from the Dinaric Alps region, now mostly living in the Bačka region... Catholic Church in the Å okac village of Sonta, Serbia Å okci (Croatian & Serbian Latin: Å okci, singular Å okac, Serbian Cyrillic: Шокци, singular Шокац, pronounced as Shoktzi and Shokatz, also in Hungarian: Sokácok) are a South Slavic ethnic group living in various settlements along the Danube and Sava rivers in the historic regions of... Gorani or Gorançe or Goranska are a Slavic ethnic group living in Gora region, just south of Prizren in the territory of Kosovo, Serbia and Montenegro, north-western Macedonia in the Å ar-planina region near Tetovo, as well as in north-eastern Albania, most notably in the village os... Janjevci are the inhabitants of the Kosovo town of Janjevo and surrounding villages, located near Pristina as well as villages centered on Letnica near Vitina (Papare, Vrmez, Vrnavo Kolo). ... Rusins (meaning literally Rusyns, Ruthenians) is the name of a Slavic minority in Serbia and Croatia. ... Muslims by nationality was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe people who spoke Serbo-Croatian language and professed Islam that werent identified as one of the other nations. ... Yugoslav (Serbian and Macedonian Cyrillic: Југословени, Latin: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) was an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ... This is the disambiguation page for the terms Turk, Turkey, Turkic, and Turkish. ... Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија or Kosovo i Metohija, also Космет or Kosmet; Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... The Gagauz are a Turkic people minority of southern Moldova (in Gagauzia) and of southwestern Ukraine (in Budjak) that numbers around 250,000. ... The Seljuk Turks (Turkish: Selçuk; Arabic: سلجوق Saljūq, السلاجقة al-Salājiqa; Persian: سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq) were a major branch of... Ashkali (also Aschkali, Hashkali, AÅ¡kalije (Ашкалије), HaÅ¡kalije (Хашкалије)) are an Albanian language speaking ethnic minority of Kosovo and Albania. ... Roma may refer to: Roma people, also known as Gypsies Rome, the capital of Italy, its name in Italian and several other languages ROMA, Representational Oligonucleotide Microarray Analysis, a genomics technology A.S. Roma, an Italian football (soccer) team Roma (mythology), Roman deity Roma (film), three films of that name... Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија or Kosovo i Metohija, also Космет or Kosmet; Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија or Kosovo i Metohija, also Космет or Kosmet; Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... PreÅ¡evo (Serbian: PreÅ¡evo or Прешево, Albanian: Preshevë or Presheva) is a town and municipality in Pčinja District of Central Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro, bordering the Republic of Macedonia, with Kosovos mountainous frontier in the visible western distance. ... Bujanovac (Бујановац) is a town and municipality in Pčinja District of Serbia, in south-eastern Serbia and Montenegro, situated in the PreÅ¡evo valley and close to the eastern extreme of Kosovo. ... The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... Coordinates Mayor Gëzim Hajdinaga (DUA - DPS - SDP) Municipality area 255 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 10,828 20,290 79. ... Bosniaks (natively: Bošnjaci) are South Slavs descended from those who converted to Islam during the Ottoman period (15th-19th century). ... Map of Sandžak Sandžak (Serbian: Sandžak or Санџак, Bosnian: Sandžak, Albanian: Sanxhak or Sanxhaku) is a geographical region in central Balkans. ... Anthem: Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro(deep orange) on the European continent(white)  —  [] Capital (and largest city)  Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June...

Total Serbia-Montenegro - 10,019,657
  • Serbia (total): 9,396,411
    • Vojvodina: 2,116,725
    • Central Serbia: 5,479,686
    • Kosovo: 1,800,000
  • Montenegro: 623,246
  • Major cities (over 100,000 inhabitants) - 2002 data (2003 for Podgorica):
    • Beograd (Belgrade): 1,280,639 (1,574,050 metro)
    • Novi Sad: 215,600 (298,139 metro)
    • Priština: 200,000 (2002 estimation)
    • Niš: 173,390 (234,863 metro)
    • Kragujevac: 145,890 (175,182 metro)
    • Podgorica: 139,500 (169,000 metro)
    • Prizren: 121,000 (2002 estimation)
    • Subotica: 99,471 (147,758 metro)

According to an estimate from 2004, the State Union had 10,825,900 inhabitants. For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Serbian Athens Motto: Град по мери грађана City of the citizens (in English) Location of Novi Sad within Serbia Coordinates: Country  Serbia Province Vojvodina District South Bačka Established 1694 City status February 1, 1748 Politics    - Mayor Maja Gojković (SRS)  - City assembly SRS, DSS and SPS  - Municipalities 2 (Novi Sad and Petrovaradin) Area... PriÅ¡tina, also spelled Pristina (Albanian: Prishtinë / Prishtina; Serbian: PriÅ¡tina / Приштина,  ) is the capital and the largest city of Kosovo, a Serbian province under UN administration. ... NiÅ¡ or Nish (Serbian: Ниш / NiÅ¡,  , Latin: Naissus, Greek: Ναισσός Naissos) is a city in Serbia situated at 43. ... Location in Serbia General Information Mayor Veroljub Stevanović Party SDPO Land area 865 km² Population (2002 census) 211. ... Coordinates Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 1,441 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 136,473 169,132 117,4 pop per km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Before 12th Century as Birziminium Area code +382 81 Car... View of Prizren Prizren League of Prizren building in Prizren Prizren Prizren (Albanian Prizren/Prizreni, Serbian: Призрен / Prizren) is a historical city located in Kosovo a Serbian Province under UN administration at [1]. The city has a population of around 165,000, mostly Albanians[1]. It is the administrative capital of... Subotica city hall Subotica (Serbian: Суботица or Subotica, Hungarian: Szabadka, Croatian: Subotica, German: Maria-Theresiopel or Theresiopel, Slovak: Subotica, Rusin: Суботица, Romanian: Subotica or Subotita) is a city and municipality in northern Serbia and Montenegro, in the North Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ...


According to a July of 2006 estimate, the State Union had 10,832,545 inhabitants.


Economy

An extended period of economic sanctions, and the damage to Yugoslavia's infrastructure and industry caused by the Kosovo War left the economy only half the size it was in 1990. Since the ousting of former Federal Yugoslav President Slobodan Milošević in October 2000, the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS) coalition government has implemented stabilization measures and embarked on an aggressive market reform program. After renewing its membership in the International Monetary Fund in December 2000, Yugoslavia continued to reintegrate into the international community by rejoining the World Bank (IBRD) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). A World Bank-European Commission sponsored Donors' Conference held in June 2001 raised $1.3 billion for economic restructuring. An agreement rescheduling the country's $4.5 billion Paris Club government debts was concluded in November 2001; it will write off 66% of the debt; a similar debt relief agreement on its $2.8 billion London Club commercial debt has been reached in July 2004; 62% of the debt have been written off. The economy of Serbia and Montenegro entered a prolonged decline in 1989. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Yugoslav refers to: Yugoslavia Kingdom of Yugoslavia Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavs This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević   (IPA Serbian Cyrillic: Слободан Милошевић) (Požarevac, 20 August 1941 – The Hague, 11 March 2006) was President of Serbia and of Yugoslavia. ... Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Democratic Opposition of Serbia was an alliance of political parties in Serbia, formed as an alliance against the ruling Socialist Party of Serbia and its leader, Slobodan Milosevic. ... The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization that oversees the global financial system by observing exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering financial and technical assistance when requested. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Logo of the World Bank The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, in Romance languages: BIRD), better known as the World Bank, is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by WWII. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means... Founded in 1991, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) uses the tools of investment to help build market economies and democracies in 27 countries from central Europe to central Asia. ... Logo of the World Bank The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, in Romance languages: BIRD), better known as the World Bank, is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by WWII. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... The Paris Club is an informal group of financial officials from 19 of the worlds richest countries, which provides financial services such as debt restructuring, debt relief, and debt cancellation to indebted countries and their creditors. ... An informal group of private creditors on the international stage. ...


The smaller republic of Montenegro severed its economy from federal control and from Serbia during the Milošević era. During the Serbia and Montenegro period, both republics had separate central banks, different currencies - Montenegro used the euro, while Serbia used the Serbian dinar as official currency. The two states also had different customs tariffs, separate state budgets, police forces, and governments. Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro(deep orange) on the European continent(white)  —  [] Capital (and largest city)  Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June... ISO 4217 Code EUR User(s) European Union: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Republic of Ireland, Italy (except Campione dItalia), Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain. ... The dinar is the official currency of Serbia, one of the two republics that comprise Serbia and Montenegro. ...


The southern Serbian province of Kosovo, while formally still part of Serbia (according to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244), moved toward local autonomy under the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) and was dependent on the international community for financial and technical assistance. The euro and the Yugoslav dinar were official currencies, and UNMIK collected taxes and managed the budget. Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија or Kosovo i Metohija, also Космет or Kosmet; Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија or Kosovo i Metohija, also Космет or Kosmet; Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration in Kosovo, under the authority of the United Nations. ... ISO 4217 Code EUR User(s) European Union: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Republic of Ireland, Italy (except Campione dItalia), Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain. ... Obverse of 10 Yugoslav Dinars issued by the National Bank of Yugoslavia during 1960s Reverse of 10 Yugoslav Dinars issued by the National Bank of Yugoslavia during 1960s Yugoslav dinar was the official valute in former Yugoslavia. ...


The complexity of Serbia and Montenegro's political relationships, slow progress in privatisation, and stagnation in the European economy were detrimental to the economy. Arrangements with the IMF, especially requirements for fiscal discipline, were an important element in policy formation. Severe unemployment was a key political economic problem. Corruption also presented a major problem, with a large black market and a high degree of criminal involvement in the formal economy. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Transportation

Serbia, and in particular the valley of the Morava is often described as "the crossroads between the East and the West" - one of the primary reasons for its turbulent history. The valley is by far the easiest way of land travel from continental Europe to Greece and Asia Minor. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... The Velika Morava or Great Morava (Serbian Cyrillic: Велика Морава) is a final section of the Morava (Cyrillic: Морава), the major river system in Serbia. ... The term Eastern world refers very broadly to the various cultures, social structures and philosophical systems of the East, namely Asia (including China, India, Japan, and surrounding regions). ... The term Western World or the West (also on rare occasions called the Occident) can have multiple meanings depending on its context (i. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to...


Until the outbreak of the Yugoslav wars, the ironically-named highway "Bratstvo i jedinstvo" (Brotherhood and Unity) running through Croatia, Serbia and FYRO Macedonia was one of Europe's most important transport arteries. It gradually resumed this role as the security situation stabilized. This does not cite its references or sources. ... Highway Brotherhood and Unity (Serbian: Братство и јединство, Croatian/Bosnian: Bratstvo i jedinstvo, Slovenian: Bratstvo in enotnost, Macedonian: Братство и единство) stretched across former Yugoslavia, from the Austrian border in the northwest, near Triglav, via Ljubljana, Zagreb, Belgrade, Skopje to Gevgelija on the Greek border in the southeast. ...


Major international highways going through Serbia are E75 and E70. E763/E761 is the most important route connecting Serbia with Montenegro. Europes road system incorporates a series of European routes, which are numbered E1 and up. ... The E75 is part of the Trans European Road Network, which is a series of main roads in the European Union. ... From west to east: La Coruña, Bilbao, San Sebastián, Bordeaux, Saint-Etienne, Lyon, Turin, Verona, Venice, Trieste, Ljubljana, Zagreb, Belgrade, Timişoara, Craiova, Bucarest, Rousse, Varna, Samsun, Trabzon, Poti. ...


The Danube, an important international waterway, flows through Serbia. The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ...


The largest seaport is Montenegro's Bar. Coordinates Mayor Žarko Pavićević Municipality area 598 km² Population  - city  - municipality 13,719 40,037 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 6th Century as Antipargal (assumed) Area code +382 85 Car plates BR Official Website www. ...


Holidays in Serbia and Montenegro

Holidays
Date Name Notes
January 1 New Year's Day (non-working holiday)
January 7 Orthodox Christmas (non-working)
January 14 National Holiday (Serbian New Year) Српска Нова година
Srpska Nova godina
January 27 Saint Sava's feast Day — Day of Spirituality
April 27 Constitution Day
April 29 Orthodox Good Friday Date for 2005 only
May 1 Orthodox Easter Date for 2005 only
May 2 Orthodox Easter Monday Date for 2005 only
May 1 Labour Day (non-working)
May 9 Victory Day
June 28 Vidovdan (Martyr's Day) In memory of soldiers fallen at the Battle of Kosovo
Holidays celebrated only in Serbia
Holidays celebrated only in Montenegro
  • July 13 - Statehood Day (non-working)

January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... This article is about January 1 in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... Christmas is an annual holiday that marks the birth of Jesus Christ of Nazareth. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Sava Saint Sava (1175 or 1176 - January 12, 1235 or 1236), originally the prince Rastko Nemanjić (son of the Serbian ruler and founder of the Serbian medieval state Stefan Nemanja and brother of Stefan Prvovenčani, first Serbian king), is the first Serb archbishop (1219-1233), the most important... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2005-12-10, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... April 29 is the 119th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (120th in leap years). ... Good Friday is the Friday before Easter or Pascha. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Easter, also known as Pascha (Greek Πάσχα: Passover), the Feast of the Resurrection, the Sunday of the Resurrection, or Resurrection Day, is the most important religious feast of the Christian liturgical year, observed between late March and late April (early April to early May in Eastern Christianity). ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Easter Monday is the day after Easter Sunday and is celebrated as a holiday in some largely Christian cultures. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Labor Day (United States). ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... Victory Day is the name of a public holiday in various countries to commemorate the victory in an important battle or war in the countrys history. ... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... Vidovdan (Видовдан) is a religious holiday, St. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... // This page is about the Battle of Kosovo of 1389; for other battles, see Battle of Kosovo (disambiguation). ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The National Day is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a country. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ...

Miscellaneous

Serbia and Montenegro were represented by a single football team in the 2006 FIFA World Cup tournament, despite having formally split just days prior to its start. Following this event, this team is to be inherited by Serbia, while a new one is to be organized to represent Montenegro in future international competition. First international Czechoslovakia 7 - 0 Yugoslavia[1] (Antwerp, Belgium; 28 August 1920) Brazil 2 - 0 Yugoslavia (Porto Alegre, Brazil; 23 December 1994) Serbia and Montenegro 2 - 2 Azerbaijan (Podgorica, Serbia and Montenegro; 12 February 2003) Czech Republic - Serbia (Prague, Czech Republic; 16 August 2006 Largest win Yugoslavia 10 - 1 India... For the video game by EA see 2006 FIFA World Cup (video game). ...


They were represented by a single team also in the Basketball World Championship 2006. This team will also be inherited by Serbia after the tournament, and Montenegro will have to organize a new team in this sport as well. Official logo The 2006 Basketball World Championship will be hosted by Japan in August and September 2006. ...


At present, the two countries are being represented in the Miss Earth 2006 pageant by a single delegate, Dubravka Skoric. It is unknown if the two countries would field two different candidates in the pageant's succeeding editions. The Miss Earth 2006 pageant, in its sixth year, took place on November 26, 2006 in The Philippines. ...


See also

Serbia and Montenegros beer (Serbian language: пиво/pivo) isnt really well-known or famous outside of its national borders. ... Telephones - main lines in use 2. ... Population: 10,600,000 (Serbia - 9,981,929; Montenegro - 620,000) note: Age structure: 0-14 years: Serbia - 19. ... Since the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, the foreign policy of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (renamed Serbia and Montenegro in 2003) was characterized primarily by a desire to secure its political and geopolitical position and the solidarity of ethnic Serbs in the... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... This is a list of football clubs in Serbia and Montenegro: OFK Beograd www. ... On 4 February 2003 parliament of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia agreed to a weaker form of cooperation between Serbia and Montenegro within a commonwealth called Serbia and Montenegro. After June 1999, Kosovo was made a United Nations protectorate, under the UN Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) based in Priština. ... Official seal The military of Serbia and Montenegro, VSCG, is the Army of Serbia and Montenegro (Војска Србије и Црне Горе - ВСЦГ), which includes ground forces with internal and border troops, naval forces, air and air defense forces, and civil defense. ... Serbia and Montenegro is a Balkan country, recently ravaged by war that has caused widespread migration and cultural oppression. ... federal membership badge of Savez Izviđača Jugoslavije. ... First international Czechoslovakia 7 - 0 Yugoslavia[1] (Antwerp, Belgium; 28 August 1920) Brazil 2 - 0 Yugoslavia (Porto Alegre, Brazil; 23 December 1994) Serbia and Montenegro 2 - 2 Azerbaijan (Podgorica, Serbia and Montenegro; 12 February 2003) Czech Republic - Serbia (Prague, Czech Republic; 16 August 2006 Largest win Yugoslavia 10 - 1 India...

External links

Yugoslavia (1929 - 1941; 1945 - 2003) World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... The current BBC News logo BBC News and Current Affairs is a major arm of the BBC responsible for the corporations newsgathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... The Perry-Castañeda Library (PCL) is the main central library of The University of Texas library system in Austin, Texas. ... The University of Texas System comprises fifteen educational institutions in Texas, of which nine are general academic universities, and six are health institutions. ... Early history The Serbs migrated to the Balkans during the reign of Byzantine emperor Heraclius (610-641). ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ...

Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Vojvodina, and Boka Kotorska were part of Austria-Hungary
(until 1918)
See State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and Banat, Bačka and Baranja




Free State of Fiume
(Rijeka)
(1920-1924)
Annexed by Italy in 1924, became part of Yugoslavia in 1947
Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Historic mpap of the Bay, 16th century Boka Kotorska (Bay of Kotor, Bocche di Cattaro) in western Montenegro is a winding bay on the Adriatic sea. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Flag Capital Zagreb Language(s) Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian Government Republic President¹ Anton KoroÅ¡ec Vice presidents¹ Ante Pavelić Svetozar Pribićević Historical era World War I  - Independence 29 October, 1918  - Joined Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 1 December, 1918 ¹ President and vice presidents of the National Council. ... Banat, Bačka and Baranja map The Banat, Bačka and Baranja was a de facto existing province of the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes between October 1918 and March 1919. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Free state of rijeka. ... Rijeka (in local Croatian dialects Rika and Reka; Fiume in Italian and Hungarian, Reka in Slovene; Sankt Veit am Flaum in older German; R(ij)eka and Fiume both mean river) is the principal seaport of Croatia, located on Kvarner Bay, an inlet of the Adriatic Sea. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ...

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
(1918-1929) The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(1929-1941)


Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ...

Nazi Germany annexed parts of Slovenia
(1941-1945)
Fascist Italy annexed parts of Slovenia, Croatia and Montenegro
(1941-1943) Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro(deep orange) on the European continent(white)  —  [] Capital (and largest city)  Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ...

Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
(1943-1946) The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia
(1946-1963) The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ...

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(1963-1992) Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, Macedonian Government Socialist republic President  - 1945 - 1953 Ivan Ribar  - 1991 Stjepan Mesić Prime Minister  - 1945 - 1963 Josip Broz Tito  - 1989 - 1991 Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29, 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution February 21, 1974  - dissolution June 25... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...

Slovenia
(since 1991) 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Independent State of Croatia
(1941-1945) It has been suggested that Hanging in NDH be merged into this article or section. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...

Croatia
(since 1991)
Also, Republic of Serbian Krajina (1991-1995) 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Republic of Serb Krajina (Serbian: Република Српска Крајина, РСК; sometimes also translated Republic of Serbian Krajina) was a self-proclaimed Serbian entity in Croatia during the 1990s. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
(since 1992)
Composed of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska since 1995, and of the Brčko District since 2000 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde2 (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language Serbian, Bosnian (Serbo-Croation) and Croatian Official script Cyrillic alphabet, Latin alphabet Capital Brčko Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  208 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total  â€“ Density  80,000  ? Ethnic groups (current est. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...

Hungary annexed Bačka, Baranja, Međimurje, and Prekmurje
(1941-1944/1945) Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Baranya (Hungarian, in Croatian and Serbian: Baranja) is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in present Hungary, and also in the former Kingdom of Hungary. ... Međimurje (Međimurska županija, Muraköz in Hungarian) is a triangle-shaped county in the northernmost part of Croatia. ... Prekmurje (Hungarian: Muravidék) is the easternmost region of Slovenia. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(1992-2003)
Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Serbia and Montenegro
(2003-2006) 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Serbia
(since 2006) Kosovo a de facto UN protectorate since 1999 Anthem: Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија or Kosovo i Metohija, also Космет or Kosmet; Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

Autonomous Banat
(1941-1944) Banat region, 1941-1944 The Banat was an autonomous region within German-occupied Serbia between 1941 and 1944. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...

Kingdom of Serbia
(until 1918) Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...

Nedić's Serbia
(1941-1944)

Republic of Užice
(1941) Nedićs Serbia (Nedićeva Srbija) is the popular name for the Serbian nazi puppet state that existed between 1941 and 1944, on the teritory of parts of todays Serbia. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Republic of Užice (Serbo-Croatian: Užička Republika) was a short-lived military mini-state that existed in Autumn 1941 in the western part of Nazi-occupied Serbia. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ...

Albania annexed most of Kosovo, western Macedonia and south-eastern parts of Montenegro
(1941-1944) Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија or Kosovo i Metohija, also Космет or Kosmet; Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro(deep orange) on the European continent(white)  —  [] Capital (and largest city)  Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...

Kingdom of Montenegro
(until 1918) The history of Montenegro begins in the early Middle Ages, after the arrival of the Slavs into that part of the former Roman province of Dalmatia that forms present-day Montenegro. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...

Montenegro (occupied by Italy)
(1941-1945) Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro(deep orange) on the European continent(white)  —  [] Capital (and largest city)  Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June... Flag Capital Cetinje Language(s) Serbian Organizational structure Client state President  - 1941 Serafino Mazzolini  - 1941 - 1943 Alessandro Pirzio Biroli  - 1943 Curio Barbasetti di Prun  - 1943 - 1944 Theodor Geib  - 1944 Wilhelm Keiper Historical era World War II  - Invasion of Yugoslavia 1941  - Disestablished 1944 Currency Italian lira Montenegro existed as a separate... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...

Montenegro
(since 2006) Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro(deep orange) on the European continent(white)  —  [] Capital (and largest city)  Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Modern Republic of Macedonia was part of Kingdom of Serbia
(until 1918) Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...

Bulgaria annexed most of modern Republic of Macedonia and south-eastern parts of Serbia
(1941-1944) For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Anthem: Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...

Republic of Macedonia
(since 1991) For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


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