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Encyclopedia > Sequel

A sequel is a work of fiction in literature, film, and other creative works that is produced after a completed work, and is set in the same "universe", but at a later time. It usually continues elements of the original story, often with the same characters and settings, although this is not always the case. For example, if the main character dies at the end of the first work, a new character (such as a son or daughter) may take up the role in the sequel. A sequel is somewhat different from a series, in which the same character appears in a number of stories, although some media franchises have enough sequels to begin to resemble a series. A sequel is a work of fiction in literature, film, and other creative works that is produced after a completed work, and is set in the same universe but at a later time. ... For other uses, see Fiction (disambiguation). ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... “Moving picture” redirects here. ... A film series is a collection of related films in succession. ... i eat poop alot A media franchise is an intellectual property involving the characters, setting, and trademarks of an original work of media (usually a work of fiction), such as a film, a work of literature, a television program, or a video game. ...


The popularity of sequels comes about in large part because it is less risky to build on a known success than to gamble with new and untested characters and settings. And audiences often beg for more stories about a certain character or setting. Sherlock Holmes was so popular that Arthur Conan Doyle was unsuccessful in his attempt to kill off the character and gave in to demands to bring him back. A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... // Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, DL (22 May 1859–7 July 1930) was a Scottish author most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and the adventures of Professor Challenger. ...

Contents

Characteristics of sequels

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Shortcut: WP:WIN Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia and, as a means to that end, also an online community. ... Shortcut: WP:CU Marking articles for cleanup This page is undergoing a transition to an easier-to-maintain format. ... This Manual of Style has the simple purpose of making things easy to read by following a consistent format — it is a style guide. ...

Film

Often movie sequels are criticized as artistically inferior, and accused of simply repeating the story of the original film. However, a sequel can give an opportunity to address weaknesses in the original. For instance, the film Star Trek: The Motion Picture was panned as overlong, boring and short on character play. In reaction, Paramount Pictures hired Harve Bennett to produce a sequel that addresses the criticisms; he produced Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, which is considered not only superior to The Motion Picture but one of the best films of the series. [citation needed] There are some common plot issues regarding sequels. Often when the original movie involves a character resolving a conflict, it is difficult to arrange the plot so that the characters face a similar problem. Other series do not share this problem, such as the James Bond series which simply has the character assigned to a new mission in each film. Star Trek: The Motion Picture (Paramount Pictures, 1979; see also 1979 in film) is the first feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series and is released on Friday, December 7. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Harve Bennett (born August 17, 1930) is an American television and film producer and scriptwriter, perhaps best known for being the producer on the second through to fifth Star Trek films. ... Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (Paramount Pictures, 1982; see also 1982 in film) is the second feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ... The official film logo of James Bond (007) The James Bond films are adaptations of most of Ian Flemings novels based on the fictional British Secret Service Agent Commander James Bond. ...


Sometimes the original film deliberately has story developments that a sequel could develop into future stories, such as in the film Spider-Man. In that film, Peter Parker rejects Mary Jane Watson's love without explaining himself to protect her from his enemies while MJ is left with a suspicion that he is Spider-Man. If no sequels were produced, that development could have been treated as simply a tragic ending for the hero. However, with the film's success guaranteeing sequels, this ending provides the basis for a continued story arc in which the troubled relationship between the characters forms an important basis of future film plots. Spider-Man is a 2002 superhero film based on the fictional Marvel Comics character Spider-Man. ... Mary Jane Watson or Mary Jane Watson-Parker, depending on the adaptation, is (in the fictional world of Spider-Man) the wife of Peter Parker (Spider Man) and a supporting character in the Marvel Comics Spider-Man series. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Some films even give audience's hints or cliffhangers that there will be a sequel. For example, Batman Begins ends with Jim Gordon giving Batman a joker playing card, which hints to the audience that the villain in the sequel, The Dark Knight, will be the Joker or in Casino Royale, which ends with James Bond apprehending and beginning to question a key member of the secret organization behind Le Chiffre, which infers that the organization and other members and its purpose will be revealed in the sequel. This can backfire, however, leaving the movie feeling incomplete, as in Tim Burton's Planet of the Apes. For the novel based on the film, see Batman Begins (novelization). ... James Jim Worthington Gordon is a supporting character in DC Comics Batman series. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... The Dark Knight is a 2008 superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character Batman. ... “The Joker” redirects here. ... Casino Royale (2006) is the 21st film in the James Bond series and the first to star Daniel Craig as MI6 agent James Bond. ... Commander James Bond, CMG, RNVR is a fictional character created by novelist Ian Fleming, and the protagonist of the James Bond series of novels and films. ... Le Chiffre is a fictional character and the main villain in Ian Flemings James Bond novel Casino Royale. ... Bond 22 is the working title of a future EON Productions James Bond film, the sequel to the 2006 film Casino Royale, which rebooted the Bond franchise. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer. ... This article is about the 2001 film. ...


With the recognition of the long-term profitability of successful film series, most major films where sequels are expected have the major talents like the director and main actors contractually obliged to participate in sequels. This increases the chance of the sequel being produced with at least the equivalent quality of the original film. The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ...


Computer and video games

In video game media, the trend for sequels seen in other media such as film often seems to work in reverse; as increasingly sophisticated technology allows the story to be portrayed more effectively. In fact, some sequels have even overshadowed their predecessors, becoming huge successes on their own right (as evident with Street Fighter II and Metal Gear Solid). However, despite this, there are examples of game sequels that are interpreted as inferior to the original or earlier sequels. This could be because of a change in concept or gameplay, an inability to integrate new technology effectively, or simply poor production values. Master of Orion III is one notable example that seems to suffer from all three. Another not uncommon occurrence is that a low-budget game meets critical acclaim and becomes an underground hit, but is followed up with a sequel that is simplified from the original, rather than expanding on the original's innovative qualities, in an attempt to be more accessible to the mass market. Recent notable examples include Deus Ex: Invisible War and Serious Sam II. “Computer and video games” redirects here. ... Street Fighter II ) is a 1991 competitive fighting game by Capcom. ... This article is about the original Metal Gear Solid released for the PlayStation. ... Master of Orion III (MOO3, MoO3, MOOIII, MoOIII) is the third computer game in the Master of Orion series. ... Deux Ex: Invisible War is a computer game. ... Serious Sam II (or Serious Sam 2) is a science fiction first-person shooter video game released for the PC and Xbox and the sequel to the 2002 computer game Serious Sam. ...


Literature

Most literary sequels are planned as a series beforehand e.g. the Harry Potter series was planned as seven novels before the first was even published. Other "sequels" are additional volumes of what could be considered a single work e.g. À la recherche du temps perdu (seven volumes) or The Lord of the Rings (three volumes). This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... In Search of Lost Time (a translation of the original À la recherche du temps perdu) is a 3,000+ page novel in seven books (recently published in six volumes), by French writer Marcel Proust, originally published between 1913 and 1927. ... This article is about the novel. ...


But occasionally an author (particularly children's authors) may return to write a sequel after a stand-alone book was a large success e.g. Jacqueline Wilson wrote two sequels to The Story of Tracy Beaker after its commercial success, while Eoin Colfer has written four sequels to Artemis Fowl. In general these sequels are of a lesser quality because the characters' stories are "complete" by the end of the first book but must be changed to allow for a sequel. Jacqueline Jackie Wilson, OBE (born Jacqueline Aitken in Bath on 17 December 1945) is a British author of childrens books. ... The Story of Tracy Beaker cover. ... Eoin Colfer (pronounced Owen, IPA: )(born May 14, 1965) is an Irish author. ... Artemis Fowl is a teen fantasy novel written by Irish author Eoin Colfer. ...


Other terms

Prequel

Main article: Prequel

A related word, prequel, is used to describe a work that portrays events which precede those of a previously completed work. Star Wars is the best-known film that has multiple prequels. A prequel can often avoid the plot problems associated with having to deal with the consequences of the original. An example of this involves the Planet of the Apes series of movies, where the entire Earth was destroyed in Beneath the Planet of the Apes. The succeeding movies were technically prequels as they took place before the original two films and explained the events that led up to the original film. Prequels often have the problem of maintaining dramatic interest when the outcome is known, and often gather interest by attempting to show aspects of familiar characters that were not seen in the original. A prequel is a work that portrays events which include the structure, conventions, and/or characters of a previously completed narrative, but occur at an earlier time. ... A prequel is a work that portrays events which include the structure, conventions, and/or characters of a previously completed narrative, but occur at an earlier time. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... This article is about the book. ... Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970), is the first of four sequels to Planet of the Apes (1968), with James Franciscus, Kim Hunter, and Charlton Heston in a supporting role. ...


Interquel

The word interquel is used to describe a work that portrays events which happen between those of two previously completed works. An interquel is therefore a sequel to one work and a prequel to another. The novel The Godfather Returns takes place between the events of The Godfather and The Godfather Part II and is therefore an interquel. Another example of an interquel is the video game Metroid Prime, which was released after Metroid and Metroid II but takes place between them, as well as Shadows of the Empire, which takes place between The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi. The Lion King 1½ (also known as The Lion King 3: Hakuna Matata in some countries outside the United States) is an animated film, a part prequel/part midquel (or "in-between-quel" according to the film's teaser trailer) to 1994's The Lion King, made by The Walt Disney Company. The Godfather Returns is a novel written by author Mark Winegardner, published in 2004. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... The Godfather Part II is a 1974 motion picture directed by Francis Ford Coppola from a script he co-wrote with Mario Puzo. ... This article is about the game. ... This article is about the first game in the series. ... Metroid II title screen Metroid II: Return of Samus is the second title in the Metroid series that appeared on the Nintendo Game Boy. ... Star Wars: Shadows of the Empire was a multimedia project created by Lucasfilm in 1996. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, is a science fiction film that debuted in 1983, and re-released with changes in 1997 and 2004. ...


Midquel

The word midquel is used to describe a work that portrays events which happen during a chronology gap in a single previously completed work. For example, in Jak II between the moments when the character of Jak is taken prisoner and when the character of Daxter rescues him. Some Lost flashbacks serve as midquels, such as those in Maternity Leave, Three Minutes and The Brig, explaining what happened - to Claire, Michael and Locke, respectively - during their absences in the main timeframe of the show. “LOST” redirects here. ... Maternity Leave is the 39th episode of Lost. ... Three Minutes is the 46th episode of Lost. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Claire Littleton is a fictional character on the ABC television series Lost played by Emilie de Ravin. ... Michael Dawson is a fictional character on the ABC television series Lost played by Harold Perrineau. ... For other persons named John Locke, see John Locke (disambiguation). ...


Parallel

The word parallel is used to describe a work that portrays the events of a previously completed work from another perspective. For example, the novel Ender's Shadow covers the events of the previous novel Ender's Game from the point of view of a supporting character in Ender's Game. The film Lion King 1 1/2 is a parallel of The Lion King; the same story is told, only from the point of view of Timon and Pumbaa, secondary characters in the original film. The previously mentioned Lost flashbacks may also be considered parallels as they take place during a time which has already been shown during the main timeline. Another example is in the upcoming Austin Powers 4 it has been said that it will take place in the eye view of Dr. Evil. Enders Shadow is a 1999 parallel novel by Orson Scott Card with a plot covering the events in Enders Game from the point of view of a supporting charactor named Bean. ... Enders Game (1985) is the best-known novel by Orson Scott Card. ... The Lion King 1½ (also known as The Lion King 3: Hakuna Matata in some countries) is an animated film, the sidestory to The Lion King made by The Walt Disney Company. ... This article is about Disneys 1994 film. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Sequel (disambiguation). ... The Austin Powers series is a series of comedy films from 1997 to present that is written and produced by and starred in by Mike Myers as the title character, directed by Jay Roach and distributed by New Line Cinema. ... Dr. Evil is a fictional supervillain played by Mike Myers in the Austin Powers film series. ...


Distant

The word distant in a chronological sense implies a long chronological interval between entries in a series. The term distant sequel is used to describe a work that portrays events that happen long after those of a previously completed work. The term distant prequel is the opposite of that. The Terminator (1984), Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), and Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003), each set around their time of release, are distant sequels. The video game Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater (2004), which takes place in 1964, is a distant prequel to Metal Gear (1987), which takes place in 1995. The Terminator (also known as Terminator in some early trailers and posters) is a 1984 science fiction/action film featuring former bodybuilder Arnold Schwarzenegger in what would become his best-known role, and also starred Linda Hamilton and Michael Biehn. ... Terminator 2: Judgment Day (commonly abbreviated T2) is a 1991 movie directed by James Cameron and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, and Robert Patrick. ... Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (commonly abbreviated T3) is a 2003 movie directed by Jonathan Mostow and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Nick Stahl, Claire Danes, and Kristanna Loken. ... Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater (commonly abbreviated MGS3) is a stealth-based game directed by Hideo Kojima, developed and published by Konami for the PlayStation 2. ... Metal Gear ) (commonly abbreviated to MG) is a stealth-based game designed by Hideo Kojima. ...


Sidequel

Main article: Side story

A sidequel is a neologism describing a work of fiction in literature, film, and other creative works that is produced after a completed work, set in the same "universe", with arbitrary chronology and unrelated plots. The word is a portmanteau formed from side-, as in side by side, and sequel, a work which takes place after a previous one. A side story in fiction is a form of narrative that occurs alongside established stories set within a fictional universe. ... A neologism (Greek νεολογισμός [neologismos], from νέος [neos] new + λόγος [logos] word, speech, discourse + suffix -ισμός [-ismos] -ism) is a word, term, or phrase which has been recently created (coined) — often to apply to new concepts, to synthesize pre-existing concepts, or to make older terminology sound more contemporary. ... For other uses, see Fiction (disambiguation). ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... “Moving picture” redirects here. ... A portmanteau (IPA pronunciation: RP, US) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ...


The term appears to date from 1998 when it was used by David Webb Peoples, the screenwriter for the film Soldier, which he described as a 'sidequel' to the film Blade Runner (which he co-wrote). Other similar terms are gaiden and spin-off. David Webb Peoples (born c. ... Soldier is a 1998 science fiction film directed by Paul W.S. Anderson. ... This article is about the 1982 film. ... Gaiden (外伝, literally outside story) is a Japanese term for a side story. ... A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new organization or entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a new company formed from a university research group. ...


A video game example would be Manhunt, it would be a spin-off of the Grand Theft Auto Series. the fictional city, Carcer City, in which Manhunt is based is mentioned a few times in the GTA series. Look up manhunt in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The original Grand Theft Auto, PC Version Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is a video game created by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and published by ASC Games in 1997. ...


Threequel

A threequel is a sequel to a sequel, the third in a series of similarly-themed films that feature one or more of the same characters. While a sequel, such as The Miniver Story, Father's Little Dividend, or Return to Peyton Place, often continues the storyline initiated in the first film, a threequel usually has a plot that has no bearing on that of the original movie. Original film poster The Miniver Story is a 1950 film sequel to the successful 1942 film Mrs Miniver. ... Fathers Little Dividend is a 1951 comedy film directed by Vincente Minnelli. ... Return to Peyton Place is a 1959 novel by Grace Metalious. ...


Although the term is contemporary, the concept of a threequel dates back to the 1930s with such releases as Another Thin Man, in which William Powell and Myrna Loy reprised their roles of Dashiel Hammett's debonair detectives Nick and Nora Charles for the third time, and Nancy Drew: Trouble Shooter, featuring Bonita Granville's third appearance as the teenaged detective polularized in a series of mystery books that began publication in 1930. Another Thin Man is a 1939 film, the third in the series of six Thin Man movies starring William Powell and Myrna Loy as Nick and Nora Charles and based on the writings of Dashiell Hammett. ... William Horatio Powell (July 29, 1892 - March 5, 1984) was an American actor, noted for his sophisticated, cynical roles. ... Myrna Loy (August 2, 1905 – December 14, 1993) was an American motion picture actress. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... Nick and Nora Charles (William Powell and Myrna Loy in the 1939 film Another Thin Man) Nick and Nora Charles, or Mr. ... For the film, see Nancy Drew (2007 film). ... Bonita Granville Bonita Granville (February 2, 1923 – October 11, 1988) was an Oscar-nominated American film actress and television producer. ... Look up mystery in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Six threequels competed for box office revenue in Summer 2007: Spider-Man 3, Shrek the Third, Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End, Ocean's Thirteen, Rush Hour 3, and The Bourne Ultimatum. The latter, which set a record for the best August opening weekend ever, was the only one to out-gross its predecessors[1]. The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Spider-Man 3 is a 2007 superhero film written and directed by Sam Raimi, with a screenplay by Ivan Raimi and Alvin Sargent. ... This article is about the film. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed compared to the rest of the article. ... Rush Hour 3 is the third installment in the martial arts/action-adventure Rush Hour franchise starring Jackie Chan and Chris Tucker, that began with Rush Hour (1998) and continued with Rush Hour 2 (2001). ... For the 2007 film starring Matt Damon, see The Bourne Ultimatum (film). ... In economics gross means before deductions (brutto), e. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


See also: Three-peat Three-peat is a portmanteau of the words three and repeat, which has been trademarked for commercial use by basketball coach Pat Riley. ...


Media franchises

Main article: media franchise

In some cases, the characters or setting of an original film or video game become so valuable that they develop into a media franchise. Generally a whole series of sequels is made, along with merchandising and endorsements. Multiple sequels are often planned well in advance and actors and directors often sign multi-film deals to ensure their participation. i eat poop alot A media franchise is an intellectual property involving the characters, setting, and trademarks of an original work of media (usually a work of fiction), such as a film, a work of literature, a television program, or a video game. ... i eat poop alot A media franchise is an intellectual property involving the characters, setting, and trademarks of an original work of media (usually a work of fiction), such as a film, a work of literature, a television program, or a video game. ... A coffee mug bearing the logo of a company or organization is a common example of product merchandising. ... Endorsement can refer to: A political endorsement is where a significant individual, group, or business selects, campaigns, or contributes heavily to a political campaign. ...


Some franchises are accidental, such as the Ma and Pa Kettle series of films (the title characters of which broke out of the 1947 film The Egg and I), and some are pre-planned, such as The Lord of the Rings trilogy. The most profitable film franchises include Star Wars, James Bond, Harry Potter, and The Lord of the Rings. Ma and Pa Kettle were the featured characters in a series of popular light comedic movies in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Lord of the Rings film trilogy comprises three live action fantasy epic films; The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003). ... Star Wars is an epic space opera saga and a fictional universe initially developed by George Lucas during the 1970s and expanded since that time. ... Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... This article is about the novel. ...


Long-running franchises were common in the studio era, when Hollywood studios had actors and directors under long-term contract. Examples include Andy Hardy, Ma and Pa Kettle, Bulldog Drummond, Superman, Batman, Tarzan, and Sherlock Holmes. The longest-running modern film franchises are James Bond, Godzilla, Friday the 13th, Halloween and Star Trek. [1] In such cases, even lead actors are often replaced as they age, lose interest, or their characters are killed. Andy Hardy was a fictional character played by Mickey Rooney in an extremely successful MGM film series from 1937 to 1947. ... Ma and Pa Kettle were the featured characters in a series of popular light comedic movies in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Bulldog Drummond is a British fictional character created by Sapper, a pseudonym of H. C. McNeile (1888-1937), in imitation of the hard boiled noir-style detectives appearing in contemporary American fiction. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... 1914 Edition of Tarzan of the Apes Tarzan, a fictional character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs, first appeared in the 1912 novel Tarzan of the Apes, and then in twenty-three sequels. ... A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... This article is about the character itself. ... DVD cover for Friday the 13th (1980) Friday the 13th is a popular series of American slasher films. ... Halloween (sometimes referred to as John Carpenters Halloween) is a 1978 American independent horror film set in the fictional midwestern town of Haddonfield, Illinois on Halloween. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ...


Media shifting

Sequels (along with prequels, interquels, etc) are most often produced in the same medium as the previous work (i.e., a film sequel is usually a sequel to another film), but this is not always the case. Producing sequels to a work in another medium has recently become common.


Author K. W. Jeter published several novels that serve as sequels to the film Blade Runner. The film Final Fantasy VII Advent Children is a sequel to the video game Final Fantasy VII. The novels in the Star Wars Expanded Universe are sequels, prequels, and interquels to the films. The computer games The Matrix Online, Stranglehold, and Scarface: The World is Yours are sequels to the films The Matrix, Hard Boiled, and Scarface, respectively. Kevin Wayne Jeter (born 1950) is an American science fiction and horror author known for his literary writing style, dark themes, and paranoid, unsympathetic characters. ... This article is about the 1982 film. ... Final Fantasy VII Advent Children[1] ) is a 2005 computer-animated film directed by Tetsuya Nomura, co-directed by Takeshi Nozue, written by Kazushige Nojima and based on the highly successful 1997 console role-playing game Final Fantasy VII. The film is set two years after Final Fantasy VII and... “Computer and video games” redirects here. ... Final Fantasy VII ) is a console role-playing game developed and published by Square (now Square Enix), and the seventh installment in the Final Fantasy video game series. ... Star Wars is an epic space opera saga and a fictional universe initially developed by George Lucas during the 1970s and expanded since that time. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Matrix Online (MxO) is an MMORPG developed by Monolith Productions. ... Stranglehold (or John Woo Presents Stranglehold) is a third-person shooter developed by Midway Games (Chicago studio), for Windows, Xbox 360, and PlayStation 3. ... The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction action film written and directed by Larry and Andy Wachowski and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Joe Pantoliano and Hugo Weaving. ... Hardboiled crime fiction is a uniquely American style pioneered by Dashiell Hammett, refined by Raymond Chandler, and endlessly imitated since by writers such as Mickey Spillane. ... Scarface is a 1983 film directed by Brian De Palma, written by Oliver Stone and starring Al Pacino as Antonio Tony Montana. ...


Similarly, it has become common for authors who write novelizations to write original novel sequels in between novelizations. The novels Halo: The Fall of Reach and Halo: First Strike, which serve as prequel and sequel, respectively, to the video game Halo: Combat Evolved, were written before and after the novelization of the game, Halo: The Flood. Author Greg Cox wrote the original novel Underworld: Blood Enemy after writing the novelization of Underworld and before writing the novelization of the sequel film Underworld: Evolution. Also, while novelizing the Resident Evil video games, author S. D. Perry wrote original interquel novels that took place between the novelizations. A novelization (or novelisation in British English) is a work of fiction that is written based on some other media story form rather than as an original work. ... Spoiler warning: Halo: The Fall of Reach is a 2001 novel based on the video game Halo: Combat Evolved (2001). ... Spoiler warning: Halo: First Strike is a 2003 novel based off the video game Halo: Combat Evolved (2001). ... Halo: Combat Evolved, or simply Halo, is a video game in the first-person shooter (FPS) genre, created by the Microsoft-owned Bungie Studios. ... Halo: The Flood is a 2003 novel based on the video game Halo: Combat Evolved (2001). ... Greg Cox is the New York Times bestselling author of numerous Star Trek novels, including The Eugenics Wars, (Volume One and Two), The Q Continuum, Assignment: Eternity, and The Black Shore. ... Underworld is the name of four different films. ... This article is about the video game series. ... Stephani Danelle Perry (credited as S.D. Perry in her works) is a novelist living in Portland, Oregon. ...


Whether these alternate-medium sequels are considered canonical varies. Final Fantasy VII Advent Children was produced by the same company responsible for Final Fantasy VII and is therefore canonical, but other sequel or prequel films based on video games, such as Resident Evil, are not. Bungie Studios, the developer of the Halo video games, considers the novel sequels to be canonical. The novels in the Star Wars Expanded Universe are considered canonical by Lucasfilm, the films' production company, though this is often debated amongst fans. Likewise, the Blade Runner sequel novels are authorized and officially considered canonical, but the issue is also a topic of debate amongst fans. Canon, in the context of a fictional universe, comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. ... Resident Evil is a 2002 science fiction horror film very loosely based on the Resident Evil series of survival horror games developed by Capcom, and the first in a series of film adaptations. ... Bungie Studios is an American video game developer founded in May 1991 under the name Bungie Software Products Corporation (more popularly shortened to Bungie Software) by two undergraduate students at the University of Chicago, Alex Seropian and Jason Jones that primarily concentrated on Macintosh games for its first nine... Lucasfilm Ltd. ...


Sometimes sequels are produced without the consent of the author or studio of the original creation. These are often dubbed informal sequels, unauthorized sequels, or illegitimate sequels. One example is the 1991 Alexandra Ripley novel Scarlett, a sequel to Margaret Mitchell's 1936 novel Gone with the Wind. Producing informal sequels to works that have passed into the public domain is common, as there is no chance for the creator(s) of the original work to bring legal action regarding copyright infringement against the creator(s) of the informal sequel. Many informal sequels to public domain works, such as H. G. Wells's 1895 novel The Time Machine and George A. Romero's Night of the Living Dead, have been produced. Informal sequels to works still under copyright sometimes change the names of the characters and settings to avoid legal action. An informal sequel, also called an unauthorized sequel or unofficial sequel, is a sequel to a film, movie, novel, television show, or video game that is produced without the consent of the creators of the original material. ... Alexandra Ripley, née Braid (January 8, 1934 - January 10, 2004) was a U.S. writer best known as the author of Scarlett (1991), the sequel to Gone With the Wind. ... Scarlett is a novel written in 1991 by Alexandra Ripley as a sequel to Margaret Mitchells Gone with the Wind. ... For the Canadian politician see Margaret Mitchell (politician) Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell (November 8, 1900 – August 16, 1949) was the American author, who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her immensely successful novel, Gone with the Wind, which was published in 1936. ... For the film, see Gone with the Wind (film). ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Cathach of St. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... The Time Machine is a novel by H. G. Wells, first published in 1895, later made into two films of the same title. ... George Andrew Romero (born February 4, 1940) is an American director, writer, editor and actor. ... Night of the Living Dead is a 1968 black-and-white independent horror film directed by George A. Romero. ...


Sequel titles

Titling sequels has always been something of a problem. For marketing purposes, it is important to make it clear to potential audiences that the sequel is related to the original. But for creative purposes, it is important to make clear that the sequel is a new story that explores new territory.


In the early years of film, sequels were generally given titles similar to the original and usually made use of the main character's name. When the William Powell-Myrna Loy mystery film The Thin Man (1934) turned out to be a hit, the studio produced several more films featuring the characters, such as The Thin Man Returns and The Thin Man Goes Home, even though the original "thin man" was the subject of the mystery and not the detective. After the success of A Family Affair (1937), there came a whole series of films starring Mickey Rooney reprising the Andy Hardy character in titles such as Love Finds Andy Hardy and Andy Hardy Meets Debutante. The James Bond franchise, however, stuck to the titles of Ian Fleming's novels until they ran out, then fashioned new titles with similar forms, none of which use the name "James Bond" or a number. William Horatio Powell (July 29, 1892 - March 5, 1984) was an American actor, noted for his sophisticated, cynical roles. ... Myrna Loy (August 2, 1905 – December 14, 1993) was an American motion picture actress. ... The Thin Man was the first of six comic detective films starring William Powell and Myrna Loy as Nick and Nora Charles, a hard-drinking and flirtatious married couple who banter wittily as they easily solve crimes. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In The Thin Man Goes Home, Nick (William Powell) and Nora (Myrna Loy) Charles (with their dog Asta) leave their kindergartner son at home in new York while they go visit Nicks parents in Sycamore Springs, the town where he grew up, and of course a murder mystery crops... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Actor Mickey Rooney speaks at the Pentagon in 2000 during a ceremony honoring the USO. Mickey Rooney (born Joseph Yule, Jr. ... Andy Hardy was a fictional character played by Mickey Rooney in an extremely successful MGM film series from 1937 to 1947. ... Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... Ian Lancaster Fleming (May 28, 1908 – August 12, 1964) was a British author, journalist and Second World War Navy Commander. ...


While numbered sequels are extremely rare in literature, they became very popular in films and video games in the 1970s and 80s. The Godfather Part II (1974) was the first major motion picture to use Part II in the title. Paramount Pictures was initially opposed to Francis Ford Coppola's decision to name the movie The Godfather Part II. According to Coppola, the studio's objection stemmed from the belief that audiences would be reluctant to see a film with such a title, as they would supposedly believe that, having already seen The Godfather, there was little reason to see an addition to the original story. The success of The Godfather, Part II began the Hollywood tradition of numbered sequels; the first sequel to designate itself as such simply by using a number in the title was 1975's French Connection II, and the trend continued with films such as Rocky II, Jaws 2, Halloween II, and Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... The Godfather Part II is a 1974 motion picture directed by Francis Ford Coppola from a script he co-wrote with Mario Puzo. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is a five-time Academy Award winning American film director, producer, and screenwriter. ... French Connection II DVD cover French Connection II is a 1975 movie sequel to The French Connection, starring Gene Hackman directed by John Frankenheimer. ... Rocky 2 is also a nickname for Sergei Rachmaninoffs Second Piano Concerto. ... Jaws 2 is a 1978 horror–thriller film directed by Jeannot Szwarc. ... Halloween II (aka Halloween II: The Nightmare Isnt Over!) (1981) is the sequel to the hugely popular horror film, Halloween. ... Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (Paramount Pictures, 1982; see also 1982 in film) is the second feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ...


However, as sequels came to be perceived as routinely inferior to the originals, the numbering of sequels became the butt of numerous jokes. Back to the Future Part II features a movie theater in the future showing Jaws 19. Even actual movie titles began to use numbering playfully. Naked Gun 33⅓: The Final Insult is simply the third in the Naked Gun series. Leonard Part 6 had no predecessors, while History of the World, Part I was made with no intention for a sequel. Perhaps due to this conception, numbered sequels have fallen out of popularity somewhat, with many sequels instead using subtitles, such as Resident Evil: Apocalypse, Underworld: Evolution, and X-Men: The Last Stand. In other cases, sequels use titles similar to their predecessors, such as Analyze This sequel Analyze That, Meet the Parents sequel Meet the Fockers, and Day of the Dead sequel Land of the Dead. Some such titles give a playful nod to the numbering practice, as with The Whole Nine Yards sequel The Whole Ten Yards, or Ocean's Eleven sequels Ocean's Twelve and Ocean's Thirteen. Back to the Future Part II is a 1989 film and the first sequel to the 1985 film Back to the Future. ... It has been suggested that Orca (Jaws boat) be merged into this article or section. ... The Naked Gun is the name of a series of comedy movies starring Leslie Nielsen, Priscilla Presley and OJ Simpson. ... This cites very few or no references or sources. ... This article is about the film. ... Resident Evil: Apocalypse is the sequel to the 2002 film Resident Evil from Screen Gems, written by Paul W. S. Anderson and directed by Alexander Witt. ... Analyze This is a 1999 movie produced by Warner Brothers Studios. ... Analyze That is a 2002 movie produced by Warner Brothers Studios. ... Meet the Parents is a 2000 comedy film starring Ben Stiller and Robert De Niro. ... Meet the Fockers (2004) is a comedy film and a sequel to Meet the Parents starring Robert DeNiro and Ben Stiller. ... Day of the Dead (1985) is a horror film by director George A. Romero, and the third of four movies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The phrase the whole nine yards means completely, the whole, everything - e. ... Poster for The Whole Ten Yards The Whole Ten Yards is a sequel to the movie The Whole Nine Yards (2000). ... Oceans Eleven is a 2001 remake of the 1960 Rat Pack caper film Oceans Eleven. ... Oceans Twelve is a 2004 film that takes place after the events of the 2001 movie Oceans Eleven. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed compared to the rest of the article. ...


Throughout this period of numbered sequels, like-named sequels remained somewhat popular, and sometimes the original film was renamed when it was released on home video to match the naming of the sequels. What was once known as Star Wars is now known as Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, a title that would likely have doomed it on its original theatrical release. Similarly, Raiders of the Lost Ark is known in its current video release as Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark to better align it with its prequel and sequel. The home video business rents and sells videocassettes and DVDs to the public. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Raiders of the Lost Ark, also known as Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark, is a 1981 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, produced by George Lucas and starring Harrison Ford. ...


With the rise of pre-planned film franchises such as The Lord of the Rings, filmmakers turned more to long titles that include the franchise name and the title of the film separated by a colon. Examples of these include Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl and The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. The Lord of the Rings film trilogy comprises three live action fantasy epic films; The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003). ... Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl is a movie of adventure and romance set in the Caribbean during the seventeenth century. ...


Sequel-naming in translation varies. Following the success of Home Alone in Germany (German title: "Allein zu Haus" "Alone at home"), some of Macaulay Culkin's other films were retronymed to capitalise on the success (Uncle Buck became "Allein mit Onkel Buck" "Alone with Uncle Buck"), even though the two films were not linked in the same continuity. When Dawn of the Dead was released in Italy under the title Zombi, a similar but unrelated Italian film was in production, which was released as Zombi 2. Home Alone is a 1990 comedy film written and produced by John Hughes and directed by Chris Columbus. ... Macaulay Carson Culkin (born August 26, 1980) is an American actor. ... A retronym is a type of neologism coined for an old object or concept whose original name has come to be used for something else, is no longer unique, or is otherwise inappropriate or misleading. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... For the song by Schoolyard Heroes, see The Funeral Sciences Dawn of the Dead (also known as Zombi internationally) is a 1978 American independent zombie horror film. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Numbers in the titles of sequels sometimes indicate the order in which the sequel was produced, regardless of the chronological events in the story. For example, the video game Devil May Cry 3 was the third title in the Devil May Cry series to be produced, though it is a prequel that takes place before the events of Devil May Cry and Devil May Cry 2. The upcoming Devil May Cry 4 is an interquel set between the original game and Devil May Cry 2. However, while the sequel to the Japanese movie Ring was called Ring 2, the subsequent prequel was Ring 0. A prequel is a work that portrays events which include the structure, conventions, and/or characters of a previously completed narrative, but occur at an earlier time. ... This article is about the first game in the series. ... Devil May Cry 2 (frequently abbreviated to DMC2) is an action game developed by Capcom Production Studio 1 and published by Capcom in 2003 exclusively for the PlayStation 2. ... Devil May Cry 4 is the second sequel (Devil May Cry 3 being a prequel) to the Capcom action game Devil May Cry. ... Ring ) is a 1998 Japanese horror mystery film from director Hideo Nakata, adapted from a novel of the same name by Koji Suzuki. ... Ringu 2 (1999), directed by Hideo Nakata, is the sequel to the Japanese horror film, Ringu. ...


Occasionally a work is designated as a sequel to an unrelated but similar work strictly for marketing purposes. After releasing the computer game Quake, developer id Software decided to name its next game Quake II, despite the fact that the two games are completely unrelated. Quake III is also unrelated to either of the previous Quake games, although Quake 4 continues the story of Quake II. Zombies attacking the player at the starting of Episode 1, Mission 3: The Necropolis. ... id Software (IPA: officially, though originally ) is an American computer game developer based in Mesquite, Texas, a suburb of Dallas. ... Quake II, released on December 6, 1997, is a first person shooter computer game developed by id Software and distributed by Activision. ... Quake III Arena or Quake 3, abbreviated as Q3A or Q3, is a multiplayer first-person shooter computer and video game released on December 2, 1999. ... Quake 4 is the fourth title in the series of Quake FPS computer games. ...


See also

A prequel is a work that portrays events which include the structure, conventions, and/or characters of a previously completed narrative, but occur at an earlier time. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... A spiritual sequel or spiritual successor is a sequel or successor to a computer or video game, movie, comic or even a stage play. ... Duology also known as dilogy is a set of three works of art, usually literature or film, that develop a single theme over two works. ... For other uses, see Cliffhanger (disambiguation). ... A film series is a collection of related films in succession. ... This is a list of video game franchises organised alphabetically by name. ... Note: Only includes series in which both films were given a wide release, thus eliminating Desperado and Best of the Best 2, among others. ... A trilogy is a set of three works of art, usually literature or film, that are connected and can be seen as a single work, as well as three individual ones. ... A tetralogy is a compound work that is made up of four (numerical prefix tetra-) distinct works. ... A pentalogy is a series of five related works of art, a lesser-known relative of the words trilogy (three) and tetralogy (four). ... A heptalogy is a set of seven works of art that comprise a common storyline. ...

Reference

  1. ^ "Showdowns of Summer," Entertainment Weekly, September 7, 2007

Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ...

External links

  • "Sequelogue": "The definitive list of upcoming movie sequels and remakes"
  • Slate: "The Midas Formula (How to create a billion-dollar movie franchise)"
  • Box Office Mojo: Film franchise earning comparison

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sequel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2160 words)
A sequel is somewhat different from a series, in which the same character appears in a number of stories, although some media franchises have enough sequels to begin to resemble a series.
Sequels (along with prequels, interquels, and the like) are most often produced in the same medium as the previous work (that is, a film sequel is usually a sequel to another film), but this is not always the case.
However, as sequels came to be perceived as routinely inferior to the originals, the numbering of sequels became the butt of numerous jokes.
Sequel - definition of Sequel in Encyclopedia (676 words)
A sequel is a work of literature or film that is written after a completed work, and is set in the same "universe" but at a later time.
A sequel is somewhat different than a series in which there is a long series of stories involving the same character, although some sequels have enough episodes to begin to resemble a series.
Often sequels are criticized as artistically inferior, and accused of simply repeating the story of the original film.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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