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Encyclopedia > September 11, 2001 attacks
September 11, 2001 attacks
September 11, 2001 attacks
The towers burn shortly after United Airlines Flight 175 crashed into the South Tower on the right. On the left is the still smoking North Tower, struck earlier by American Airlines Flight 11.
Location New York, New York (first two), Arlington, Virginia (3rd) Washington, D.C., Shanksville, Pennsylvania (4th); all USA
Target(s) World Trade Center and The Pentagon (fourth hijacking was probably aimed for the White House or the U.S. Capitol).[citation needed]
Date 11 September 2001
8:46 am – 10:28 am (UTC-5)
Attack Type Suicide attack, Hijacking
Fatalities 2,992 (including 19 suicide hijackers)
Injuries Unknown
Perpetrator(s) Osama bin Laden, see also Responsibility and Organizers on the right hand column
Sept. 11, 2001 attacks
Timeline
Background history
Planning
September 11, 2001
Rest of September
October
Beyond October
Victims
Survivors
Foreign casualties
Hijacked airliners
American Airlines Flight 11
United Airlines Flight 175
American Airlines Flight 77
United Airlines Flight 93
Sites of destruction
World Trade Center
The Pentagon
Shanksville, Pennsylvania
Effects and aftermath
World political effects
World economic effects
Detentions
Airport security
Closings and cancellations
Audiovisual entertainment
Response
Government response
Rescue and recovery effort
Financial assistance
Operation Yellow Ribbon
Memorials and services
Perpetrators
Responsibility
Organizers
Miscellaneous
Communication
Tower collapse
Slogans and terms
Conspiracy theories
Opportunists
Inquiries
U.S. Congressional Inquiry
9/11 Commission
This box: viewtalkedit
A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center
A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center

The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced "nine eleven" or "nine one one") consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly targeting civilians, carried out on Tuesday, September 11, 2001. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... United Flight 175 crashes into the World Trade Center United Airlines Flight 175 was a morning flight that regularly flew from Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) in Los Angeles, California (Boston–Los Angeles route). ... The South Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City was completed in 1973 at a height of 415 m (1362 feet). ... The North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City was completed in 1972 at a height of 417 m (1368 feet), distinguishable from the south tower (Two World Trade Center) by the huge antenna on the roof. ... AA 11 flight path from Boston to New York City Betty Ong was a Flight Attendant on Flight 11 who, during a 23 minute phone conversation with American Airlines flight operations, gave details of the seats the hijackers had occupied and the ongoing situation in the airplane before it crashed. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... Arlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia (which calls itself a commonwealth), directly across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. By an act of Congress July 9, 1846, the area south of the Potomac was returned to Virginia effective in 1847 As of 2000... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C. in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia. ... Photo of George W. Bush and Laura Bush visiting Shanksville on September 11, 2002 Shanksville is a borough located in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. ... 1 World Trade Center redirects here. ... The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located at 48 N. Rotary Road, Arlington, Virginia 22211 (Map). ... North façade of the White House, seen from Pennsylvania Avenue. ... United States Capitol The United States Capitol is the building which serves as home for the legislative branch of the United States government. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... ... A suicide attack is an attack in which the attacker or attackers intend to kill others and intend to die in the process (see suicide). ... Hijacking or highjacking is the forcible robbery from, or seizure of, a vehicle in transit. ... Osama bin Muhammad bin Awad bin Laden (Arabic: ‎; born March 10, 1957 [1]), most commonly known as Osama bin Laden is a militant Islamist and one of the founders of al-Qaeda. ... This article is about suspects widely regarded as responsible for the attacks on continental USA targets on September 11, 2001. ... The September 11, 2001 attacks were carried out by 19 hijackers, with planning and organization of the attacks involving numerous additional members of al-Qaeda. ... September 11, 2001 attacks timeline Background History 1972: One World Trade Center completed. ... At the beginning of the 21st century, the United States strongest allies in west Asia are Turkey (a member of NATO), Israel and Egypt. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... The September 11, 2001 attacks, in addition to being a unique act of aggression, constituted a media event on a scale not seen since the advent of civilian global satellite links, round-the-clock television news organizations and the instant worldwide reaction and debate made possible by the Internet. ... All times, except where otherwise noted, in New York Time (EDT). ... All times, except where otherwise noted, in New York Time (EDT). ... // 2001 November Thursday, November 1, 2001 Afternoon: Deputy Mayor Anthony P. Coles meets with the two firefighter union leaders, Fire Capt. ... Any tributes to the individuals hurt or killed in this tragedy are welcome and encouraged at our memorial site // New York City According to the 9/11 Commisson, approximately 16,400 to 18,800 civilians were in the World Trade Center complex at the time of the attacks. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... AA 11 flight path from Boston to New York City Betty Ong was a Flight Attendant on Flight 11 who, during a 23 minute phone conversation with American Airlines flight operations, gave details of the seats the hijackers had occupied and the ongoing situation in the airplane before it crashed. ... United Flight 175 crashes into the World Trade Center United Airlines Flight 175 was a morning flight that regularly flew from Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) in Los Angeles, California (Boston–Los Angeles route). ... Security camera image showing American Airlines Flight 77 (far right) just before impact. ... United Airlines Flight 93 was a regular flight from Newark International Airport (now known as Newark Liberty International Airport) in Newark, New Jersey, to San Francisco International Airport continuing on to Narita International Airport in Tokyo, Japan, on a different aircraft. ... 1 World Trade Center redirects here. ... The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located at 48 N. Rotary Road, Arlington, Virginia 22211 (Map). ... Photo of George W. Bush and Laura Bush visiting Shanksville on September 11, 2002 Shanksville is a borough located in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. ... This article talks about the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... The following worldwide effects arose from the September 11, 2001 attacks: All Canadian military bases increased their level of security awareness. ... It is usually claimed that the September 11, 2001 attacks had immediate and far-ranging economic effects. ... Soon after the attacks of September 11, 2001, the U.S. government began detaining people who fit the profile of the suspected hijackers: mostly male, Arabic or Muslim noncitizens. ... Box-cutter knives were apparently used in the September 11, 2001 attacks, though such knives are not usually considered weapons. ... Following the September 11, 2001 attacks, several institutions responded with closures, cancellations, and postponements. ... The September 11, 2001 attacks had an important impact on the audiovisual entertainment business, not just in terms of television coverage. ... // Military response The United States government has announced its intentions to engage in a protracted war against terrorists and states which aid terrorists in response to the attacks. ... The area surrounding the World Trade Center became the site of the greatest number of casualties and missing, and physical destruction. ... Charities and relief agencies raised over $657 million in the three weeks following the September 11, 2001 attacks, the vast bulk going to immediate survivors and victims families. ... Aerial view of Gander International Airport during Operation Yellow Ribbon. ... The first memorials to the victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks began to take shape online, as hundreds of webmasters posted their own thoughts, links to the Red Cross, and other rescue agencies, photos and eyewitness accounts. ... This article is about suspects widely regarded as responsible for the attacks on continental USA targets on September 11, 2001. ... The September 11, 2001 attacks were carried out by 19 hijackers, with planning and organization of the attacks involving numerous additional members of al-Qaeda. ... Communications problems and successes played an important role in the September 11, 2001 attacks and their aftermath. ... On September 11, 2001, the two main towers of the World Trade Center complex were each hit by hijacked commercial aircraft as part of the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... Various terms and catchphrases Nine-eleven (or 9/11 in the US date notation for September 11th) Lets roll—the last known words of Todd Beamer. ... Since the September 11, 2001 attacks, a variety of conspiracy theories have emerged about the attacks which contradict the mainstream account of events that day. ... There were isolated cases of commercial opportunism following the September 11, 2001 attacks and subsequent 2001 anthrax attacks. ... The Joint Inquiry into Intelligence Community Activities before and after the Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001 is the official name of the inquiry conducted by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence into the activities of the U.S. Intelligence Community in... The Commissions seal The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, also known as the 9/11 Commission, was set up in late 2002 to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the September 11, 2001 attacks, including preparedness for and the immediate response... Image File history File links Story. ... Image File history File links Story. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... A suicide attack is an attack in which the attacker or attackers intend to kill others and intend to die in the process (see suicide). ... A civilian is a person who is not a member of a military. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


On the morning of September 11, 2001, nineteen terrorists[2] affiliated with al-Qaeda[3] hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners. Each team of hijackers included a trained pilot. The hijackers crashed two of the airliners (United Airlines Flight 175 and American Airlines Flight 11) into the World Trade Center in New York City, one plane into each tower (1 WTC and 2 WTC). A third airliner (American Airlines Flight 77) was crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia. Passengers and members of the flight crew on the fourth aircraft (United Airlines Flight 93) attempted to retake control of their plane from the hijackers; that plane crashed into a field near the town of Shanksville in rural Somerset County, Pennsylvania. In addition to the 19 hijackers, 2,973 people died; another 24 are missing and presumed dead. The September 11, 2001 attacks were carried out by 19 hijackers, with planning and organization of the attacks involving numerous additional members of al-Qaeda. ... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ... Aircraft hijacking (also known as skyjacking) is the take-over of an aircraft, by a person or group, usually armed. ... A jetliner is an airliner powered by jet engines (usually of the turbofan type). ... An aviator is a person who flies aircraft for pleasure or as a profession. ... United Flight 175 crashes into the World Trade Center United Airlines Flight 175 was a morning flight that regularly flew from Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) in Los Angeles, California (Boston–Los Angeles route). ... AA 11 flight path from Boston to New York City Betty Ong was a Flight Attendant on Flight 11 who, during a 23 minute phone conversation with American Airlines flight operations, gave details of the seats the hijackers had occupied and the ongoing situation in the airplane before it crashed. ... 1 World Trade Center redirects here. ... Nickname: Big Apple Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... The North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City was completed in 1972 at a height of 417 m (1368 feet), distinguishable from the south tower (Two World Trade Center) by the huge antenna on the roof. ... The South Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City was completed in 1973 at a height of 415 m (1362 feet). ... Security camera image showing American Airlines Flight 77 (far right) just before impact. ... The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located at 48 N. Rotary Road, Arlington, Virginia 22211 (Map). ... Arlington County is an urban county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the U.S., directly across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. Originally part of the District of Columbia, the land now comprising the county was retroceded to Virginia in a July 9, 1846 act of Congress... Aircrew members may include pilots, flight attendants, flight engineers, navigators, Taccos, signallers, observers, (air) gunners, weapons specialists, loadmasters and various electronics system operators depending on the age during which the aircraft operated and the type of operations. ... United Airlines Flight 93 was a regular flight from Newark International Airport (now known as Newark Liberty International Airport) in Newark, New Jersey, to San Francisco International Airport continuing on to Narita International Airport in Tokyo, Japan, on a different aircraft. ... Photo of George W. Bush and Laura Bush visiting Shanksville on September 11, 2002 Shanksville is a borough located in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. ... Somerset County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ...

Contents

The attacks

Four commercial airliners were hijacked en route to California from Logan International, Dulles International, and Newark airports. Each of the airliners had a jet fuel capacity of nearly 24,000 U.S. gallons (91,000 liters) or 144,000 pounds (65,455 kilograms).[4] Two of the airliners were flown into the World Trade Center, one each into the North and South towers, one was flown into the Pentagon, and the fourth crashed near Shanksville, Pennsylvania. The September 11, 2001 attacks, in addition to being a unique act of aggression, constituted a media event on a scale not seen since the advent of civilian global satellite links, round-the-clock television news organizations and the instant worldwide reaction and debate made possible by the Internet. ... Logan International Airport with aircraft taking off over harbor Bostons Logan International Airport from the airside lounge of Terminal E, illustrating how the airport is largely surrounded by water. ... Aerial photo Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA airport code IAD, ICAO airport code KIAD) serves the greater Washington, DC metropolitan area. ... Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA: EWR, ICAO: KEWR), formerly known as Newark International Airport, is an international airport within the city limits of both Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States. ... Jet fuel is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in jet-engined aircraft. ... Photo of George W. Bush and Laura Bush visiting Shanksville on September 11, 2002 Shanksville is a borough located in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. ...

  • American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767-223[5] wide-body aircraft, crashed into the north side of the North Tower of the World Trade Center (WTC) at 8:46:30 a.m. local time (Eastern Daylight Time, 12:46:30 UTC).
  • United Airlines Flight 175, a Boeing 767-222,[6] crashed into the South Tower at 9:02:59 a.m. local time (13:02:59 UTC), an event covered live by television broadcasters and amateur filmers from around the world who had their cameras trained on the buildings after the earlier crash.
  • American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757-223,[7] crashed into the Pentagon at 9:37:46 a.m. local time (13:37:46 UTC).
  • United Airlines Flight 93, a Boeing 757-222,[8] crashed in a field in southwest Pennsylvania just outside of Shanksville, about 150 miles (240 km) northwest of Washington, D.C., at 10:03:11 a.m. local time (14:03:11 UTC), with parts and debris found up to eight miles away. The crash in Pennsylvania resulted from the passengers of the airliner attempting to regain control from the hijackers.

During the hijacking some passengers and crew members were able to make phone calls using the cabin GTE airphone service.[9][10] They reported that several hijackers were aboard each plane. AA 11 flight path from Boston to New York City Betty Ong was a Flight Attendant on Flight 11 who, during a 23 minute phone conversation with American Airlines flight operations, gave details of the seats the hijackers had occupied and the ongoing situation in the airplane before it crashed. ... The Boeing 767 is a commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... 1 World Trade Center redirects here. ... EDT (shown in yellow) is UTC-4 The Eastern Time Zone of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... It has been suggested that leap second be merged into this article or section. ... United Flight 175 crashes into the World Trade Center United Airlines Flight 175 was a morning flight that regularly flew from Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) in Los Angeles, California (Boston–Los Angeles route). ... Security camera image showing American Airlines Flight 77 (far right) just before impact. ... The Boeing 757 is a medium-range transcontinental commercial passenger airplane manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located at 48 N. Rotary Road, Arlington, Virginia 22211 (Map). ... United Airlines Flight 93 was a regular flight from Newark International Airport (now known as Newark Liberty International Airport) in Newark, New Jersey, to San Francisco International Airport continuing on to Narita International Airport in Tokyo, Japan, on a different aircraft. ... Categories: Corporation stubs | Communications companies of the United States | Defunct companies | Telephone companies | Public Utilities ... Air-ground radiotelephone service is a method of telephone communications used by airplane pilots and passengers of commercial airline jets. ... The September 11, 2001 attacks were carried out by 19 hijackers, with planning and organization of the attacks involving numerous additional members of al-Qaeda. ...


The hijackers reportedly took control of the aircraft by using knives and box-cutter knives to kill flight attendants and at least one pilot or passenger. There were a number of reports from callers aboard the hijacked aircraft that suggest the hijackers killed several people aboard the planes before impact including the captain of Flight 11, John Ogonowski.[11] Disassembled, blade partly retracted Utility knife A utility knife or box cutter is a common tool used in various trades and crafts for a variety of purposes. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Some form of noxious chemical spray, such as tear gas or pepper spray, was reported to have been used on American 11 and United 175 to keep passengers out of the first-class cabin.[12] Bomb threats were made on three of the aircraft, but not on American 77. According to the Commission Report the bombs were probably fake. The 9/11 Commission established that two of the hijackers had recently purchased Leatherman multi-function hand tools. A riot control agent is a type of lachrymatory agent (or lacrimatory agent). ... Pepper spray (also known as OC spray (from Oleoresin Capsicum), OC gas, or capsicum spray) is a lachrymatory agent (a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and even temporary blindness) that is used in riot control, crowd control and personal self-defense, including defense against dogs. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Commissions seal The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, also known as the 9/11 Commission, was set up in late 2002 to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the September 11, 2001 attacks, including preparedness for and the immediate response... Leatherman multi-tool A Leatherman Wave with all tools unfolded Leatherman and belt holster Leatherman is a trademark for a line of multi-function hand tools produced by the Leatherman Tool Group. ...


On United Airlines Flight 93, black box recordings revealed that crew and passengers attempted to seize control of the plane from the hijackers after learning through phone calls that similiarly hijacked planes had been crashed into buildings that morning. According to the transcript of Flight 93's recorder one of the hijackers gave the order to roll the plane once it became evident that they would lose control of the plane to the passengers. Soon afterward, the aircraft crashed into a field near Shanksville in Stonycreek Township, Somerset County, Pennsylvania, at 10:03:11 a.m. local time (14:03:11 UTC). The 9/11 Panel reported that captured al-Qaeda leader Khalid Shaikh Mohammed said that Flight 93's target was the United States Capitol, which was given the code name "the Faculty of Law." United Airlines Flight 93 was a regular flight from Newark International Airport (now known as Newark Liberty International Airport) in Newark, New Jersey, to San Francisco International Airport continuing on to Narita International Airport in Tokyo, Japan, on a different aircraft. ... An example of a Flight Data Recorder The flight data recorder (FDR) is a flight recorder used to record specific aircraft performance parameters. ... Photo of George W. Bush and Laura Bush visiting Shanksville on September 11, 2002 Shanksville is a borough located in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. ... Stonycreek Township is a township located in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. ... Somerset County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... Khalid Sheikh Mohammed: Prosecution Exhibit from the trial of Zacarias Moussaoui Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (Arabic: خالد شيخ محمد; also transliterated as Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Khalid Shaikh Mohammad, , commonly referred to as KSM and also known by as many as twenty-seven aliases[1] (b. ... The United States Capitol is the capitol building that serves as the location for the Congress of the United States, the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. ...

Video frame of the Pentagon, before its wall collapsed
Video frame of the Pentagon, before its wall collapsed

The attacks created widespread confusion across the United States. Unconfirmed and often contradictory reports were aired and published throughout the day. One of the most prevalent of these reported that a car bomb had been detonated at the U.S. State Department's headquarters, the Truman Building in Foggy Bottom, Washington, D.C. This erroneous report, picked up by the wire services, was reported on CNN and in a number of newspapers published that day. Soon after reporting for the first time on the Pentagon crash, CNN and other media also briefly reported that a fire had broken out on the Washington Mall. Another report went out on the AP wire, claiming that a Delta 767–Flight 1989–had been hijacked. This report, too, turned out to be in error; the plane was briefly thought to represent a hijack risk, but it responded to controllers and landed safely in Cleveland, Ohio. Image File history File links Pentagon_precollapse. ... Image File history File links Pentagon_precollapse. ... In film, video production, animation, and related fields, a frame is one of the many still images which compose the complete moving picture. ... A car bomb is an improvised explosive device that is placed in a car or other vehicle and then exploded. ... The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States Government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ... This article or section needs to be wikified. ... Foggy Bottom is one of Washington, DCs oldest 19th century neighborhoods, so named because, as a low-lying area, fog (endemic to the swamps of early Washington) tended to congregate there. ... The National Mall is an open-area national park in downtown Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Delta Boeing 757-232 at Los Angeles International Airport in August 2003, showing the livery the airline instituted in 2000. ... British Airways Boeing 767-300 The Boeing 767 is a commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... Nickname: The Forest City Motto: Progress and Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1836 Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area    - City 82. ...

See also: Communication during the September 11, 2001 attacks

Communications problems and successes played an important role in the September 11, 2001 attacks and their aftermath. ...

Fatalities

Fatalities (Not including the 19 hijackers)
New York City World Trade Center 2,602 died and another 24 remain listed as missing[13][14]
American 11 88[15]
United 175 59[16]
Pentagon Building 125[17]
American 77 59[18]
Shanksville United 93 40[19]
Total 2,973 died and another 24 remain listed as missing.

There were 2,973 fatalities: 246 on the four planes (no one on board any of the hijacked aircraft survived[20]), 2,602 in New York City in the towers and on the ground, and 125 at the Pentagon.[21]Among the fatalities were 343 New York City Fire Department firefighters, 23 New York City Police Department officers, and 37 Port Authority police officers.[22] An additional 24 people remain listed as missing.[14] 1 World Trade Center redirects here. ... United Flight 175 crashes into the World Trade Center United Airlines Flight 175 was a morning flight that regularly flew from Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) in Los Angeles, California (Boston-Los Angeles route). ... United 93 may refer to: United Airlines Flight 93, a commercial airliner which crashed in Pennsylvania as part of the September 11, 2001 attacks United 93 (film), theatrical feature film about United Airlines Flight 93 See also: Flight 93 This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with... The New York City Fire Department or the Fire Department of New York (FDNY) has the responsibility for protecting the citizens and property of New York Citys five boroughs from fires and fire hazards, as well as providing first response to biological, chemical and radioactive hazards. ... NYPD emblem The New York City Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police department in the United States, and has primary responsibility for law enforcement and investigation within The Five Boroughs of New York City. ... The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is a bi-state agency (operated pursuant to an interstate compact) that runs most of the regional transportation infrastructure including the bridges, tunnels, airports and seaports within the New York-New Jersey Port District. ...


World Trade Center - 1366 people died who were at or above the floors of impact in the North Tower (1 WTC); according to the Commission Report, hundreds were killed instantly by the impact while the rest were trapped and died later.[23]


As many as 600 people were killed instantly or trapped at or above the floors of impact in the South Tower (2 WTC). Only about 18 managed to escape in time from above the impact zone and out of the South Tower before it collapsed.


An estimated 200 people jumped to their deaths from the burning towers (as depicted in the photograph "The Falling Man"), landing on the streets and rooftops of adjacent buildings hundreds of feet below.[24] To witnesses watching, a few of the people falling from the towers seemed to have stumbled out of broken windows.[25] Some of the occupants of each tower above its point of impact made their way upward toward the roof in hope of helicopter rescue, however; no rescue plan existed for such an eventuality, the roof access doors were locked and thick smoke and intense heat would have prevented rescue helicopters from landing.[26] The Falling Man The Falling Man is a photograph taken by Richard Drew at 9:41:15 a. ...

Collection of photographs of those killed (except for 92 victims) during the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Prosecution exhibit from the trial of Zacarias Moussaoui.
Collection of photographs of those killed (except for 92 victims) during the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Prosecution exhibit from the trial of Zacarias Moussaoui.

Cantor Fitzgerald L.P., an investment bank on the 101st-105th floors of One World Trade Center, lost 658 employees, considerably more than any other employer. Marsh Inc., located immediately below Cantor Fitzgerald on floors 93-101 (the location of Flight 11's impact), lost 295 employees, including one on Flight 175. Additionally, Marsh lost 38 consultants. Approximately 400 rescue workers, most of them of the FDNY, died when the towers collapsed. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2596x1866, 2268 KB)[edit] Summary Description: A collection of photographs of those killed (except for 92 victims) during the terrorists attacks on September 11, 2001. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2596x1866, 2268 KB)[edit] Summary Description: A collection of photographs of those killed (except for 92 victims) during the terrorists attacks on September 11, 2001. ... Zacarias Moussaoui (Arabic: زكريا موسوي) (born May 30, 1968) is a French citizen of Moroccan descent, and was convicted of conspiring to kill Americans as part of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. ... Cantor Fitzgerald L.P. is an investment bank specializing in bond trading. ... Marsh & McLennan Companies (MMC) NYSE: MMC is a US-based global professional services and insurance brokerage firm. ... AA 11 flight path from Boston to New York City Betty Ong was a Flight Attendant on Flight 11 who, during a 23 minute phone conversation with American Airlines flight operations, gave details of the seats the hijackers had occupied and the ongoing situation in the airplane before it crashed. ... The New York City Fire Department or the Fire Department of New York (FDNY) has the responsibility for protecting the citizens and property of New York Citys five boroughs from fires and fire hazards, as well as providing first response to biological, chemical and radioactive hazards. ...


According to the Associated Press, the city identified over 1,600 bodies but was unable to identify the rest (about 1,100 people). They report that the city has "about 10,000 unidentified bone and tissue fragments that cannot be matched to the list of the dead."[27] Bone fragments were still being found in 2006 as workers prepared the damaged Deutsche Bank Building for demolition. The average age of all the dead in New York City was 40. Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... View from the southeast - 1997 (c)Scott Murphy, used with permission Dec 2005 during deconstruction (GFDL) The Deutsche Bank Building at 130 Liberty Street in New York, USA, formerly the Bankers Trust Building, was severely damaged by the collapse of the World Trade Center, Tower Number Two in the September...


The fatalities included 8 children: 5 on American 77 ranging in age from 3 to 11, 3 on United 175 ages 2, 3, and 4.[28] The youngest victim was a 2 year-old child on Flight 175, the oldest an 82 year-old passenger on Flight 11. In the buildings, the youngest victim was 17 and the oldest was 79.[29]


As the suburbs around New York City learned of the destruction so close to home, many schools closed for the day, evacuated, or were locked down. Other school districts shielded students from watching television because many of their parents held jobs in the World Trade Center towers. In New Jersey and Connecticut, private schools were evacuated. Scarsdale, New York schools closed for the day. In Greenwich, Connecticut, about 20 miles north of the city, hundreds of school children had direct ties to victims of the attacks. Greenwich and nearby New Canaan, two of the wealthiest towns in the area along with neighboring Darien, had more residents killed, as a percentage of total population, than any other Connecticut towns. After New York, New Jersey was the hardest hit state, with the town of Hoboken sustaining the most fatalities. Almost all the fatalities were civilians, except some of the 125 victims in the Pentagon. Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Scarsdale is both a town and village in Westchester County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, its population was 17,823. ... Low Tide, Riverside Yacht Club (1894) by Theodore Robinson from National Gallery of Art exhibit Winter Harmony (1890s) by John Henry Twachtman, a scene at his Greenwich farm (National Gallery of Art) Greenwich is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. ... New Canaan is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States, 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Stamford, on the Five Mile River. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


There were also a number of reports, some contradictory, from callers aboard the hijacked aircraft that suggest the hijackers killed several people aboard the planes before impact.[30]


Damage

In addition to the 110-floor Twin Towers of the World Trade Center itself, five other buildings at the World Trade Center site, including 7 World Trade Center and the Marriott Hotel, two New York City Subway stations, and St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church were destroyed or badly damaged. In total, in Manhattan, 25 buildings were damaged and all seven buildings of the World Trade Center Complex had to be razed. Two additional buildings were later condemned: the Deutsche Bank Building across Liberty Street from the World Trade Center complex, due to the uninhabitable, toxic conditions inside the office tower and Borough of Manhattan Community College's Fiterman Hall at 30 West Broadway due to extensive damage in the attacks. These buildings are both (as of September 2006) slated for deconstruction). [1] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Marriott International, Inc. ... The New York City Subway system, a large rapid transit system operated by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) in New York City, is one of the most extensive public transportation systems in the world. ... St. ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... View from the southeast - 1997 (c)Scott Murphy, used with permission Dec 2005 during deconstruction (GFDL) The Deutsche Bank Building at 130 Liberty Street in New York, USA, formerly the Bankers Trust Building, was severely damaged by the collapse of the World Trade Center, Tower Number Two in the September... Liberty Street was a Canadian drama television series, which aired on CBC Television in 1995. ... Founded in 1963, Borough of Manhattan Community College, or BMCC is one of six two-year colleges within the City University of New York system and the only one in Manhattan. ... In the context of the physical construction, deconstruction is the act of unbuilding that which was built. ...


Communications equipment such as broadcast radio, television and two-way radio antenna towers were damaged beyond repair. In Arlington County, a portion of the Pentagon was severely damaged by fire and one section of the building collapsed.[31] A two-way radio is simply a radio that can both transmit and receive (a transceiver). ... Arlington County is an urban county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the U.S., directly across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. Originally part of the District of Columbia, the land now comprising the county was retroceded to Virginia in a July 9, 1846 act of Congress...


Survivors

According to the 9/11 Commission, approximately 16,000 people were below the impact zones in the World Trade Center complex at the time of the attacks. The vast majority of those below the impact areas survived, evacuating before the towers collapsed.

See also: Survivors of the September 11, 2001 attacks

Any tributes to the individuals hurt or killed in this tragedy are welcome and encouraged at our memorial site // New York City According to the 9/11 Commisson, approximately 16,400 to 18,800 civilians were in the World Trade Center complex at the time of the attacks. ...

The hijackers

See also: Organizers of the September 11, 2001 attacks

Nineteen Arab men boarded the four planes, five each on American Airlines Flight 11, United Airlines Flight 175 and American Airlines Flight 77, four on United Airlines Flight 93. Fifteen of the attackers were from Saudi Arabia, two from the United Arab Emirates, one from Egypt, and one from Lebanon. The September 11, 2001 attacks were carried out by 19 hijackers, with planning and organization of the attacks involving numerous additional members of al-Qaeda. ... AA 11 flight path from Boston to New York City Betty Ong was a Flight Attendant on Flight 11 who, during a 23 minute phone conversation with American Airlines flight operations, gave details of the seats the hijackers had occupied and the ongoing situation in the airplane before it crashed. ... United Flight 175 crashes into the World Trade Center United Airlines Flight 175 was a morning flight that regularly flew from Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) in Los Angeles, California (Boston–Los Angeles route). ... Security camera image showing American Airlines Flight 77 (far right) just before impact. ... United Airlines Flight 93 was a regular flight from Newark International Airport (now known as Newark Liberty International Airport) in Newark, New Jersey, to San Francisco International Airport continuing on to Narita International Airport in Tokyo, Japan, on a different aircraft. ...


The group consisted of six core organizers, which included the four pilots, and thirteen others. Unlike many stereotypes of hijackers or terrorists, most of the attackers were educated and came from well-to-do backgrounds.


Other potential hijackers

27 members of al-Qaeda attempted to enter the United States to take part in the September 11 attacks, only 19 participated. Other would-be hijackers are often referred to as the 20th hijacker: A 20th hijacker is a hypothetical additional terrorist in the September 11, 2001 attacks who was not able to participate. ...

  • Ramzi Binalshibh allegedly meant to take part in the attacks, but he was repeatedly denied a visa for entry into the U.S.
  • Mohamed al-Kahtani, a Saudi Arabian citizen, may also have been planning to join the hijackers but U.S. Immigration authorities at Orlando International Airport refused his entry into the U.S. in August, 2001. He was later captured in Afghanistan and imprisoned at the U.S. military prison known as Camp X-Ray at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
  • Zacarias Moussaoui was reportedly considered as a replacement for Ziad Jarrah, who at one point threatened to withdraw from the scheme because of tensions amongst the plotters. Plans to include Moussaoui were never completed because the al-Qaeda hierarchy allegedly had doubts about his reliability. He was arrested on August 16, 2001, about four weeks before the attacks, ostensibly for an immigration violation, but FBI agents suspected he had violent intentions after receiving flight training earlier that year. In April 2005, Moussaoui pleaded guilty to conspiring to hijack planes, and to involvement with al-Qaeda, but he denies foreknowledge of the 9-11 attacks. Moussaoui, at his sentencing hearing in March 2006, claimed that, upon the personal directive of Osama bin Laden, he and Richard Reid were due to hijack a fifth plane and fly it into the White House.[32]

His defense lawyers dismissed this as fantasy on the part of Moussaoui, saying that he was not an operative in al Qaeda, but only a "hanger-on." In a video tape released in May 2006, Osama bin Laden claimed that Moussaoui had "no connection whatsoever with the events of September 11" and that he knows this because "I was responsible for entrusting the 19 brothers" who carried out the attacks.[33] On May 3, 2006, a federal jury rejected the death penalty and sentenced Moussaoui to 6 life terms in prison without parole.[34] Ramzi Binalshibh (Arabic: رمزي بن الشيبة; also transliterated as Ramzi bin al-Shibh, Ramzi bin al-Shaibah, and several other ways; born 1973), is a citizen of Yemen and according to the United States, Germany, and several other countries, a key... An entry visa valid in all Schengen treaty countries issued by France A visa (short for the Latin carta visa, lit. ... Mohamed Mani Ahmad al-Kahtani (Arabic: sometimes transliterated Muhammed Al Kahtani or other ways) is a member of the terrorist group al-Qaida. ... The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a country on the Arabian Peninsula. ... The United States Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was a part of the United States Department of Justice which used to handle legal and illegal immigration and naturalization. ... Orlando International Airport (IATA: MCO, ICAO: KMCO) is an airport located in Orlando, Florida. ... Camp X-Ray, shown here under construction, was a temporary holding facility for detainees held at U.S. Naval Base Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. ... Detainees upon arrival at Camp X-Ray, January 2002 Guantánamo Bay detainment camp, serving as a joint military prison and interrogation center under the leadership of Joint Task Force Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO), has occupied a portion of the United States Navys base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba since 2002. ... Zacarias Moussaoui (Arabic: زكريا موسوي) (born May 30, 1968) is a French citizen of Moroccan descent, and was convicted of conspiring to kill Americans as part of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. ... Jarrah grew up in a wealthy, secular family Born on May 11, 1975, Ziad Samir Jarrah (Arabic: زياد سمير جراح), was named by the FBI as being the pilot of the hijacked United Airlines Flight 93 as part of the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Richard Colvin Reid (born August 12, 1973), also known as the shoe bomber, is an individual convicted on charges of terrorism currently serving a life sentence in the United States. ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the State as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offenses. ... Parole can have different meanings depending on the context. ...


At Moussaoui's sentencing trial, FBI agent Greg Jones testified that prior to the attacks, he urged his supervisor, Michael Maltbie, "to prevent Zacarias Moussaoui from flying a plane into the World Trade Center." Maltbie had refused to act on 70 requests from another agent, Harry Samit, to obtain a warrant to search Moussaoui's computer. Harry Samit of Minneapolis is the FBI special agent who arrested Zacarias Moussaoui in August 2001. ...

Buildings surrounding the World Trade Center were heavily damaged by the debris and massive force of the falling twin towers
Buildings surrounding the World Trade Center were heavily damaged by the debris and massive force of the falling twin towers

Other al-Qaeda members who may have attempted, but were unable, to take part in the attacks include Saeed al-Ghamdi (not to be confused with the successful hijacker of the same name), Mushabib al-Hamlan, Zakariyah Essabar, Ali Abdul Aziz Ali, and Tawfiq bin Attash. According to the 9/11 Commission Report, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the attack's mastermind, wanted to remove at least one member — Khalid al-Mihdhar—from the operation, but he was overruled by Osama bin Laden. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2400x3000, 2818 KB) Ground Zero, New York City, N.Y. (Sept. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2400x3000, 2818 KB) Ground Zero, New York City, N.Y. (Sept. ... A original candidate in the September 11, 2001 attack, Mushabib al-Hamlan became involved with militancy at secondary-school in December 1999, where he attended gatherings to watch videos about the glory of Jihad and detailing the atrocities of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the Yugoslav wars. ... Zakariyah Essabar is a known member of al-Qaida Zakariyah Essabar (Arabic: زكريا الصبار) is, according to the governments of the United States, Germany, and other countries, a member of al-Qaida and an associate of many of the organizers of... Ali Abdul Aziz Ali (Arabic: علي عبدالعزيز علي) is a member of the al-Qaida terrorist organization and reportedly a nephew or cousin of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, an important leader in the organization. ... Tawfiq bin Attash, aka Khallad, is an Al Qaeda member of long standing. ... The cover of the final 9/11 report, which can be purchased in bookstores across the United States and around the world The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (Arabic: خالد شيخ محمد; also transliterated as Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Khalid Shaikh Mohammad, and other ways) (March 1, 1964 or April 14, 1965 – present) was an important figure in Osama bin Ladens al-Qaeda organization, where he... This photograph of Khalid al-Midhar was released by the FBI in the days following the attack. ... Osama bin Muhammad bin Awad bin Laden (Arabic: ‎; born March 10, 1957 [1]), most commonly known as Osama bin Laden is a militant Islamist and one of the founders of al-Qaeda. ...


Other potential attacks

Mohammed Afroze was convicted in India in 2005 after confessing to being involved in planning an attack on the Palace of Westminster in London and Tower Bridge. The attack was aborted at the last minute when the would-be hijackers, waiting to board the planes they were to hijack, saw the damage in the U.S., panicked, and fled. His lawyer claimed that the confession was obtained through torture.[35][36] Mohammed Afroze is an Al-Qaida operative and Lashkar-e-Taiba militant. ... The Palace of Westminster, also known as the Houses of Parliament or Westminster Palace, in London, England is where the two Houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (the House of Lords and the House of Commons) meet to conduct their business. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Tower Bridge is a bascule bridge in London, over the River Thames. ... Torture is any act by which severe pain, whether physical or psychological, is intentionally inflicted on a person as a means of intimidation, deterrence, revenge, punishment, sadism, or information gathering. ...


In February 2006, President George W. Bush stated that al-Qaeda had initially planned to crash a plane into the tallest building in the western United States, the Library Tower in Los Angeles, on the same day. However, this attack was postponed by bin Laden, and subsequently foiled.[37] George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American businessman and politician, was elected in 2000 as the 43rd President of the United States of America, re-elected in 2004, and is currently serving his second term in that office. ... The Crown of U.S. Bank Tower The U.S. Bank Tower is the tallest skyscraper in Downtown Los Angeles, California and the tallest west of the Mississippi. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


The U.S. government initially claimed that the White House and Air Force One were also targeted, although the source and nature of these threats was not disclosed.[38] President Bush flew on Air Force One to Barksdale Air Force Base in Louisiana, and then flew to Offutt Air Force Base in Nebraska, before returning to Washington. After criticism that Bush did not return immediately to Washington, the White House claimed the next day that a terrorist threat, "using code words," had been phoned in against Air Force One. White House Spokesman Ari Fleischer quoted the caller as saying, "Air Force One is a target." The White House later backed away from this claim after no evidence of the phone call was found.[39] Barksdale Air Force Base is a United States military base near Bossier City, Louisiana. ... Offutt Air Force Base (Offutt AFB) is a base of the United States Air Force and a census-designated place (CDP) located in Sarpy County, Nebraska. ... Ari Fleischer conducts a White House press conference Lawrence Ari Fleischer (born October 13, 1960) was the press secretary for U.S. President George W. Bush from January 2001 to July 2003. ...


Reactions

This article talks about the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks. ...

International reaction

A solitary fire fighter stands amidst the rubble and smoke in New York City. Days after the Sept. 11 attack, fires still burned at the site of the World Trade Center.
A solitary fire fighter stands amidst the rubble and smoke in New York City. Days after the Sept. 11 attack, fires still burned at the site of the World Trade Center.

The attacks had major global political ramifications. They were denounced by mainstream media and governments worldwide, with the headline of France's Le Monde newspaper summing up the international mood of sympathy: "We Are All Americans" (Nous sommes tous Américains).[40] The major exception was that many Palestinians jubilantly celebrated upon hearing about 9/11.[41] Download high resolution version (1262x1938, 1895 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1262x1938, 1895 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The following worldwide effects arose from the September 11, 2001 attacks: All Canadian military bases increased their level of security awareness. ... Le Monde is a French daily evening newspaper with a circulation in 2002 of 389,200. ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ...


Approximately one month after the attacks, the United States led a broad coalition of international forces in the removal of the oppressive Taliban regime for harboring the al-Qaeda organization.[42] The Pakistani authorities moved decisively to align themselves with the United States in a war against the Taliban and al-Qaeda. Pakistan provided the U.S. a number of military airports and bases for its attack on the Taliban regime, and arrested over 600 supposed al-Qaeda members, whom it handed over to the U.S.[43] (Redirected from 2001 invasion of Afghanistan) The United States, with support from the United Kingdom, Australia and the Northern Alliance, Afghanistan in October 2001 as part of its War on Terrorism campaign. ... Flag flown by the Taliban. ... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ...


Numerous countries, including the UK, India, Australia, France, Germany, Indonesia, China, Canada, Russia, Pakistan, Jordan, Mauritius, Uganda and Zimbabwe introduced "anti-terrorism" legislation[44] and froze the bank accounts[45] of businesses and individuals they suspected of having al-Qaeda ties. For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ...


Law enforcement and intelligence agencies in a number of countries, including Italy, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines arrested people they labeled terrorist suspects for the stated purpose of breaking up militant cells around the world.[46][47] In the U.S., this aroused some controversy, as critics such as the Bill of Rights Defense Committee argued that traditional restrictions on federal surveillance (e.g. COINTELPRO's monitoring of public meetings) were "dismantled" by the USA PATRIOT Act;[48] civil liberty organizations such as the American Civil Liberties Union and Liberty argued that certain civil rights protections were also being circumvented.[49][50] The National Bill of Rights Defense Committee (BORDC) encourages local communities to take an active role in an ongoing national debate about anti-terrorism measures that threaten civil liberties guaranteed by the Bill of Rights, such as the USA PATRIOT Act. ... COINTELPRO (Counter Intelligence Program) is a program of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation aimed at investigating and disrupting dissident political organizations within the United States. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a major American non-profit organization with headquarters in New York City, whose stated mission is to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States.[1] It... Liberty is a pressure group based in the United Kingdom. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ...


The United States set up a detention center at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to hold what they termed "illegal enemy combatants". The legitimacy of these detentions has been questioned by, among others, member states of the European Union, the Organization of American States, and Amnesty International. Map of Cuba with location of Guantánamo Bay indicated. ... The term unlawful combatant (also unlawful enemy combatant or unprivileged combatant/belligerent) is a term used by the Bush administration to label certain persons as outside of the protection of the Geneva Conventions; those that have such protections are known as lawful combatants. ... The Organization of American States (OAS; OEA in the other three official languages) is an international organization, headquartered in Washington, D.C., USA. Its members are the 35 independent nations of the Americas. ... Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an non-governmental membership organization with the stated purpose of campaigning for internationally recognized human rights. ...

Further information: Guantanamo Bay detainment camp

In the United Kingdom outrage swelled in the media over a Civil Servant's attempt to capitalize on the tragedy. Jo Moore, then serving Minister Stephen Byers, sent an email to staff suggesting that it would be a good time to publish anything that may prove unpopular in the hope that it would be overshadowed by events in the U.S. This political storm became known as the Bury Bad News Scandal. Detainees upon arrival at Camp X-Ray, January 2002 Guantánamo Bay detainment camp, serving as a joint military prison and interrogation center under the leadership of Joint Task Force Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO), has occupied a portion of the United States Navys base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba since 2002. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Jo Moore (born 1963) served as a British political advisor and press officer, and was embroiled in scandal while working as advisor to the Transport, Local Government and Regions Secretary Stephen Byers. ... A minister can mean several things: A government minister is a politician who heads a government ministry A minister of religion is a member of the clergy A minister is the rank of diplomat directly below ambassador This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages... The Right Honourable Stephen John Byers (born April 13, 1953) is a British Labour Party politician and former cabinet minister. ...


Public response

Front Page of the New York Times on September 12, 2001, the first issue of that paper to be released following the attacks
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Front Page of the New York Times on September 12, 2001, the first issue of that paper to be released following the attacks

The 9/11 attacks had immediate and overwhelming effects upon the United States population. Gratitude toward uniformed public-safety workers (dubbed "first responders"), and especially toward firefighters, was widely expressed in light of both the drama of the risks taken on the scene and the high death toll among the workers. Many police officers and rescue workers elsewhere in the country took leaves of absence to travel to New York City to assist in the grim process of recovering bodies from the twisted remnants of the Twin Towers. Blood donations also saw a surge in the weeks after 9/11.[51] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (760x1247, 252 KB) Summary Front Page of The New York Times - Dated Wednesday September 12th 2001. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (760x1247, 252 KB) Summary Front Page of The New York Times - Dated Wednesday September 12th 2001. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... A certified first responder is a person who has completed forty to sixty hours of training in providing care for medical emergencies. ... Blood donation is a process by which a blood donor voluntarily has blood drawn for storage in a blood bank or for subsequent use in a blood transfusion. ...


There were some incidents of harassment and hate crimes against Middle Easterners and other, "Middle Eastern-looking" people, particularly Sikhs, due to the fact that Sikh males usually wear turbans, which are stereotypically associated with Muslims in the United States. At least nine people were murdered within the United States as a result. Balbir Singh Sodhi, one of the first victims of this phenomenon, was fatally shot on September 15. He, like others, was a Sikh who was mistaken for a Muslim.[52] A Sikh (IPA: [siːk] or [sɪk]; Punjabi: , , IPA: [sɪk. ... A Sikh man wearing a turban The turban (Arabic: ‎, ‘imāmä; Turkish: tülbent; Persian: دلبنت, dulband) is a headdress, of Asian origin, consisting of a long scarf wound round the head or an inner hat. ... Balbir Singh Sodhi (1949 - September 15, 2001) was a Phoenix, Arizona gas station owner who was murdered in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ...


Following the September 11, 2001 attacks, George W. Bush's job approval rating soared to 86%.[53] On September 20, 2001, the president spoke before the nation and a joint session of the United States Congress, regarding the events of that day, the intervening nine days of rescue and recovery efforts, and his intent in response to those events. In addition, the highly visible role played by New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani won him high praise nationally and in New York.[54] George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American businessman and politician, was elected in 2000 as the 43rd President of the United States of America, re-elected in 2004, and is currently serving his second term in that office. ... Joint Sessions of the United States Congress are the gathering together of both House and Senate which occur on special occasions such as the State of the Union Address and Presidential Inauguration. ... The Mayor of New York City is the chief executive of the New York City government, as stipulated by the Charter of the City of New York. ... Rudy Giuliani speaks to the press about New Yorks status two years after the September 11, 2001 attacks. ...


Conspiracy theories

Various conspiracy theories have emerged that question the mainstream account of the attacks. Conspiracy theorists have claimed that the collapse of the World Trade Center (especially 7 WTC) was caused by explosives. Some also contend that a commercial airliner did not crash into the Pentagon, and that United Airlines Flight 93 was shot down. Another one of these theories is that individuals in the government of the United States knew of the impending attacks or actually planned the attack. Still other conspiracy theories about Jewish or Israeli involvement are "a core part of the belief system of anti-Semites and millions of others around the world," according to the Anti-Defamation League[55] Since the September 11, 2001 attacks, a variety of conspiracy theories have emerged about the attacks which contradict the mainstream account of events that day. ... A conspiracy theory is a theory that defies common historical or current understanding of events, under the claim that those events are the result of manipulations by two or more individuals or various secretive powers or conspiracies. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... On September 11, 2001, the two main towers of the World Trade Center complex were each hit by hijacked commercial aircraft as part of the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... Main article: 9/11 Conspiracy Theories The Controlled-Demolition Hypothesis proposes controversially that those World Trade Center buildings destroyed during the September 11th attacks were not brought down by the planes which crashed into them and subsequent fires, but by controlled demolition by explosives or other devices planted in the... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


U.S. Government response

Rescue, recovery, and compensation

Within hours of the attack, a massive search and rescue (SAR) operation was launched, which included over 350 search and rescue dogs.[56] Initially, only a handful of wounded people were found at the site, and in the weeks that followed it became evident that there were to be found no survivors. The area surrounding the World Trade Center became the site of the greatest number of casualties and missing, and physical destruction. ... Search and Rescue (acronym SAR) is an operation mounted by emergency services, often well-trained volunteers, to find someone believed to be in distress, lost, sick or injured either in a remote or difficult to access area, such as mountains, desert or forest (Wilderness search and rescue), or at sea... We dont have an article called Search and rescue dog Start this article Search for Search and rescue dog in. ...


Rescue and recovery efforts took months to complete. It took several weeks to simply put out the fires burning in the rubble of the buildings, and the clean-up was not completed until May, 2002. Temporary wooden "viewing platforms" were set up for tourists to view construction crews clearing out the gaping holes where the towers once stood. All of these platforms were closed on May 30, 2002. May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Many relief funds were immediately set up to assist victims of the attacks, with the task of providing financial assistance to the survivors and the families of victims. At the deadline for victim's compensation, September 11, 2003, 2,833 applications were received from the families of those killed.[57] Charities and relief agencies raised over $657 million in the three weeks following the September 11, 2001 attacks, the vast bulk going to immediate survivors and victims families. ... Any tributes to the individuals hurt or killed in this tragedy are welcome and encouraged at our memorial site // New York City According to the 9/11 Commisson, approximately 16,400 to 18,800 civilians were in the World Trade Center complex at the time of the attacks. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The War on Terrorism

Main article: War on Terrorism

In the aftermath of the attacks, many U.S. citizens held the view that they had "changed the world forever." The Bush administration declared a war on terrorism, with the stated goals of bringing Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda to justice and preventing the emergence of other terrorist networks. These goals would be accomplished by means including economic and military sanctions against states perceived as harboring terrorists and increasing global surveillance and intelligence sharing. The second-biggest operation outside of the United States was the overthrow of the oppresive Taliban rule from Afghanistan, by a U.S.-led coalition. The U.S. was not the only nation to increase its military readiness, with other notable examples being the Philippines and Indonesia, countries that have their own internal conflicts with Islamic extremist terrorism. Combatants Participants in Operations: United States United Kingdom Canada Pakistan Israel Spain South Korea Australia Italy Denmark France Germany Norway Philippines Poland Jordan Saudi Arabia NATO New Iraqi Army and others Targets of Operations: Taliban Baathist Iraq Baath Loyalists Hezbollah al-Qaeda Waziristan tribesmen Iraqi insurgency Jemaah Islamiyah... Combatants Participants in Operations: United States United Kingdom Canada Pakistan Israel Spain South Korea Australia Italy Denmark France Germany Norway Philippines Poland Jordan Saudi Arabia NATO New Iraqi Army and others Targets of Operations: Taliban Baathist Iraq Baath Loyalists Hezbollah al-Qaeda Waziristan tribesmen Iraqi insurgency Jemaah Islamiyah... Flag flown by the Taliban. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Because the attacks on the United States were judged to be within the parameters of its charter, NATO declared that Article 5 of the NATO agreement was satisfied on September 12, 2001, making the US war on terror the first time since its inception that NATO would actually participate in a "hot" war.[58] NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[1] (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ... Portal:Currentevents September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


Domestic response

The American flag hangs in Grand Central Terminal after September 11, 2001
The American flag hangs in Grand Central Terminal after September 11, 2001

Within the United States, President Bush created the Department of Homeland Security, representing the largest restructuring of the U.S. government in contemporary history. Congress passed the USA PATRIOT Act, stating that it would help detect and prosecute terrorism and other crimes. Civil liberties groups have criticized the PATRIOT Act, saying that it allows law enforcement to invade the privacy of citizens and eliminates judicial oversight of law-enforcement and domestic intelligence gathering. The Bush Administration also invoked 9/11 as the reason to initiate a secret National Security Agency operation, "to eavesdrop on telephone and e-mail communications between the United States and people overseas without a warrant."[59] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 327 KB) Summary The American flag was hung in Grand Central Terminal after the attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 327 KB) Summary The American flag was hung in Grand Central Terminal after the attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS), commonly known as Homeland Security, is a Cabinet department of the Federal Government of the United States with the responsibility of protecting the territory of the United States from terrorist attack and responding to natural disasters. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS) is believed to be the largest United States government intelligence gathering agency. ... This article is becoming very long. ...


Following the attacks, 80,000 Arab and Muslim immigrants were fingerprinted and registered under the Alien Registration Act of 1940. 8,000 Arab and Muslim men were interviewed, and 5,000 foreign nationals were detained under Joint Congressional Resolution 107-40 authorizing the use of military force "to deter and prevent acts of international terrorism against the United States."[60] The Alien Registration Act or Smith Act (18 USC 2385) of 1940 made it a criminal offense for anyone to knowingly or willfully advocate, abet, advise, or teach the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing the Government of the United States or of any State by force or violence...


Investigations

Collapse of the World Trade Center

An illustration of the World Trade Center 9-11 attacks with a vertical view of the impact locations. Many architects and structural engineers have analyzed the collapse of the Twin Towers.
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An illustration of the World Trade Center 9-11 attacks with a vertical view of the impact locations. Many architects and structural engineers have analyzed the collapse of the Twin Towers.
September 13, 2001: A New York City firefighter looks up at what remains of the South Tower.
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September 13, 2001: A New York City firefighter looks up at what remains of the South Tower.
9/11 Report
9/11 Report

Three buildings in the World Trade Center Complex collapsed due to structural failure on the day of the attack. The south tower (2 WTC) fell at approximately 9:59 a.m., after burning for 58 minutes in a fire caused by the impact of United Airlines Flight 175 at 9:03 a.m. The north tower (1 WTC) fell at 10:28 a.m., after burning approximately 103 minutes in a fire caused by the impact of American Airlines Flight 11 at 8:45 a.m. A third building, 7 World Trade Center (7 WTC) collapsed at 5:20 p.m., after being heavily damaged by debris from the Twin Towers when they fell and subsequent fires.[61][62] Numerous adjacent buildings to the complex also had substantial damage and fires and had to be demolished. The Deutsche Bank Building is the only remaining large structure that suffered damage and fires at ground zero that has yet to be fully demolished, though this is expected to be completed by mid 2007.[63] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1275x936, 55 KB) Summary Based on Image:World Trade Center 9-11 Attacks Illustration with Vertical Impact Locations. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1275x936, 55 KB) Summary Based on Image:World Trade Center 9-11 Attacks Illustration with Vertical Impact Locations. ... On September 11, 2001, the two main towers of the World Trade Center complex were each hit by hijacked commercial aircraft as part of the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1312x2000, 1996 KB) Summary 010913-N-1350W-003 New York, N.Y. (Sept. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1312x2000, 1996 KB) Summary 010913-N-1350W-003 New York, N.Y. (Sept. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Source: http://www. ... Source: http://www. ... On September 11, 2001, the two main towers of the World Trade Center complex were each hit by hijacked commercial aircraft as part of the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... View from the southeast - 1997 (c)Scott Murphy, used with permission Dec 2005 during deconstruction (GFDL) The Deutsche Bank Building at 130 Liberty Street in New York, USA, formerly the Bankers Trust Building, was severely damaged by the collapse of the World Trade Center, Tower Number Two in the September...


A federal technical building and fire safety investigation of the collapses of the Twin Towers and 7 WTC has been conducted by the United States Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The goals of this investigation, completed on April 6, 2005, were to investigate the building construction, the materials used, and the technical conditions that contributed to the outcome of the WTC disaster. The investigation was to serve as the basis for: The United States Department of Commerce is a Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. ... NIST logo The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, formerly known as The National Bureau of Standards) is a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce’s Technology Administration. ... As a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce’s Technology Administration, the National Institute of Standards (NIST) develops and promotes measurement, standards, and technology to enhance productivity, facilitate trade, and improve the quality of life. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • Improvements in the way in which buildings are designed, constructed, maintained, and used
  • Improved tools and guidance for industry and safety officials
  • Revisions to building and fire codes, standards, and practices
  • Improved public safety

The report concludes that the fireproofing on the Twin Towers' steel infrastructures was blown off by the initial impact of the planes and that, if this had not occurred, the towers would likely have remained standing. The fires weakened the trusses supporting the floors, making the floors sag. The sagging floors pulled on the exterior steel columns to the point where exterior columns bowed inward. With the damage to the core columns, the buckling exterior columns could no longer support the buildings, causing them to collapse. In addition, the report asserts that the towers' stairwells were not adequately reinforced to provide emergency escape for people above the impact zones. NIST stated that the final report on the collapse of 7 WTC will appear in a separate report.[64] The old steel cable of a colliery winding tower Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon content between 0. ...


9/11 Commission Report

The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission), chaired by former New Jersey Governor Thomas Kean, was formed in late 2002 to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the attacks, including preparedness for, and the immediate response to, the attacks. On July 22, 2004, the report was released. The commission has been subject to criticism. The cover of the final 9/11 report, which can be purchased in bookstores across the United States and around the world The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... The Commissions seal The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, also known as the 9/11 Commission, was set up in late 2002 to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the September 11, 2001 attacks, including preparedness for and the immediate response... Thomas Howard Kean (born April 21, 1935) is an American Republican Party politician, who served as the 48th Governor of New Jersey, from 1982 to 1990. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The cover of the final 9/11 report, which can be purchased in bookstores across the United States and around the world The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ...


Civilian aircraft grounding

For the first time in history, all nonemergency civilian aircraft in the United States and several other countries including Canada were immediately grounded, stranding tens of thousands of passengers across the world.[65]


Invocation of the continuity of government

Contingency plans for the continuity of government and the evacuation of leaders were implemented almost immediately after the attacks.[65] Congress, however, was not told that the US was under a continuity of government status until February 2002.[66] Continuity of government (COG) is the principle of establishing defined procedures that allow a government to continue its essential operations in case of a nuclear war or other catastrophic event. ...


Long-term effects

Economic aftermath

View of the WTC and the Statue of Liberty
Enlarge
View of the WTC and the Statue of Liberty

The attacks had a significant economic impact on the United States and world markets. The Federal Reserve temporarily had reduced contact with banks because of outages of switching equipment in the lower NY financial district. Contact and control over the money supply, including immediate liquidity for banks, was restored within hours. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), the American Stock Exchange and NASDAQ did not open on September 11 and remained closed until September 17. NYSE facilities and remote data processing sites were not damaged by the attack, but member firms, customers and markets were unable to communicate due to major damage to the telephone exchange facility near the World Trade Center. When the stock markets reopened on September 17, 2001, after the longest closure since the Great Depression in 1929, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (“DJIA”) stock market index fell 684 points, or 7.1%, to 8920, its biggest-ever one-day point decline. By the end of the week, the DJIA had fallen 1369.7 points (14.3%), its largest one-week point drop in history. U.S. stocks lost $1.2 trillion in value for the week. As of 2005 Wall and Broad Streets near the New York Stock Exchange remained barricaded and guarded to prevent a physical attack upon the building. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Statue of Liberty and Liberty Island Liberty Enlightening the World (La Liberté Éclairant Le Monde), known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty, is a statue given to the United States by France in 1885, standing at Liberty Island in the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor... The Federal Reserve System is headquartered in the Eccles Building on Constitution Avenue in Washington, DC. The Federal Reserve System (also the Federal Reserve; informally The Fed) is the central banking system of the United States. ... New York Stock Exchange (June 2003) The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) , also nicknamed the Big Board, is the largest stock exchange in the world in dollar volume and second largest by number of companies listed. ... The American Stock Exchange (AMEX) is an American stock exchange situated in New York. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Great Depression was a worldwide economic downturn which started in 1929 (although its effects were not fully felt until late in 1930) and lasted through most of the 1930s. ... The Dow Jones Industrial Average (NYSE: DJI) is one of several stock market indices created by Wall Street Journal editor and Dow Jones & Company founder Charles Dow. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... View up Wall Street from Pearl Street NYSE and Broad Street view from Wall Street Wall Street is the name of a narrow street in lower Manhattan running east from Broadway downhill to the East River. ... Broad Street is located in the Financial District in New York City, stretching from South Street to Wall Street. ...

September 11 from space: Manhattan spreads a large smoke plume
September 11 from space: Manhattan spreads a large smoke plume

The economy of Lower Manhattan, which by itself is the third-largest business district in the United States (after Midtown Manhattan and the Chicago Loop) was devastated in the immediate aftermath. Thirty percent (28.7 million sq ft, 2.7 million m³) of Lower Manhattan office space was either damaged or destroyed. The 41-story Deutsche Bank Building, neighboring the World Trade Center, was subsequently closed because extensive damage made it unfit for habitation and beyond repair; it was scheduled for demolition. Power, telephone, and gas were cut off in much of Lower Manhattan. People were not permitted to enter the SoHo and Lower Manhattan area without extensive inspection. Much of what was destroyed was valuable Class-A space. The pre-2001 trend of moving jobs out of Lower Manhattan to Midtown and New Jersey was accelerated. Many questioned whether these lost jobs would ever be restored, and whether the damaged tax base could ever recover.[67] The rebuilding has been inhibited by a lack of agreement on priorities. For example, Mayor Bloomberg had made New York's bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics the core of his capital development plan from 2002 until mid-2005, and Governor Pataki largely delegated his role to the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation which has been widely criticized for doing little with the enormous funding directed to the rebuilding efforts.[68][69] On the sites of the totally destroyed buildings, one, 7 World Trade Center, has a new office tower which was completed in 2006. The Freedom Tower is currently under construction at the site and at 1,776 ft (541 m) upon completion in 2010, will become the tallest building in North America and one of the tallest in the world. Three more towers are expected to be built between 2007 and 2012 on the site, and will be located one block east of where the original towers stood. North American air space was closed for several days after the attacks and air travel decreased significantly upon its reopening. The attacks led to nearly a 20% cutback in air travel capacity, and severely exacerbated financial problems in the struggling U.S. airline industry.[70] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 481 KB) Summary September 11, 2001 from space: Landsat 7 captures an image of Manhattan, September 12, 2001. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 481 KB) Summary September 11, 2001 from space: Landsat 7 captures an image of Manhattan, September 12, 2001. ... Lower Manhattan skyline as viewed from the Staten Island Ferry Woolworth Building, looking south along Broadway Lower Manhattan, from the Brooklyn Bridge, 2005 Lower Manhattan is the southernmost part of the island of Manhattan, the main island and center of business and government of the City of New York. ... View of Midtown from Empire State Building. ... The Loop is what locals call the historical center of downtown Chicago. ... Lower Manhattan skyline as viewed from the Staten Island Ferry Woolworth Building, looking south along Broadway Lower Manhattan, from the Brooklyn Bridge, 2005 Lower Manhattan is the southernmost part of the island of Manhattan, the main island and center of business and government of the City of New York. ... View from the southeast - 1997 (c)Scott Murphy, used with permission Dec 2005 during deconstruction (GFDL) The Deutsche Bank Building at 130 Liberty Street in New York, USA, formerly the Bankers Trust Building, was severely damaged by the collapse of the World Trade Center, Tower Number Two in the September... 1 World Trade Center redirects here. ... Lower Manhattan skyline as viewed from the Staten Island Ferry Woolworth Building, looking south along Broadway Lower Manhattan, from the Brooklyn Bridge, 2005 Lower Manhattan is the southernmost part of the island of Manhattan, the main island and center of business and government of the City of New York. ... Soho is an area of central Londons West End in the borough the City of Westminster. ... Lower Manhattan skyline as viewed from the Staten Island Ferry Woolworth Building, looking south along Broadway Lower Manhattan, from the Brooklyn Bridge, 2005 Lower Manhattan is the southernmost part of the island of Manhattan, the main island and center of business and government of the City of New York. ... Office types Class A office space Back office Front office Mobile office Paperless office Serviced office Small office/home office Virtual office Class A Office Space describes the highest quality office space locally available. ... Michael Rubens Mike Bloomberg (born February 14, 1942) is a prominent American businessman, the founder of Bloomberg L.P., and the current Mayor of the City of New York. ... Olympic Flags at Dorney Lake. ... The Lower Manhattan Development Corporation was formed after the September 11 attacks to plan the reconstruction of Lower Manhattan. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For the identically named building in Florida, see Freedom Tower (Miami). ... A Boeing 747-400 of Virgin Atlantic Airways, one of the UKs largest airlines. ...

Smoke plume coming from the WTC site, seen on Doppler radar
Smoke plume coming from the Pentagon site, seen on Doppler radar
Smoke plume coming from the Pentagon site, seen on Doppler radar

Image File history File links New_York_September_11_NEXRAD.png‎ Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): September 11, 2001 attacks User:Nilfanion/NEXRAD ... Image File history File links New_York_September_11_NEXRAD.png‎ Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): September 11, 2001 attacks User:Nilfanion/NEXRAD ... Doppler radar uses the Doppler effect to measure the relative velocity information from a radar system. ... Image File history File links SmokePlumePentagon911. ... Image File history File links SmokePlumePentagon911. ... Doppler radar uses the Doppler effect to measure the relative velocity information from a radar system. ...

Potential health effects

The thousands of tons of toxic debris resulting from the collapse of the Twin Towers consisted of more than 2,500 contaminants,[71] more specifically: 50% nonfibrous material and construction debris; 40% glass and other fibers; 9.2% cellulose; and 0.8% asbestos,[72] lead, and mercury. There were also unprecedented levels of dioxin and PAHs from the fires which burned for three months.[73] Some of the dispersed substances (crystalline silica, lead, cadmium, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) are carcinogenic; other substances can trigger kidney, heart, liver and nervous system deteriation. [74] Fibrous asbestos on muscovite Asbestos Asbestos Asbestos (a misapplication of Latin: asbestos quicklime from Greek : a, not and sbestos, extinguishable) describes any of a group of minerals that can be fibrous, many of which are metamorphic and are hydrous magnesium silicates. ... General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish white Atomic mass 207. ... General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 200. ... Structure of 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo- p-dioxin (TCDD) Dioxin is the popular name for the family of halogenated organic compounds, the most common consisting of polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs). ... Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are chemical compounds that consist of fused aromatic rings and do not contain heteroatoms or carry substituents. ...


This has led to debilitating illnesses among rescue and recovery workers, and the death of NYPD officer James Zadroga.[75] Health effects also extended to some residents, students, and office workers of Lower Manhattan and nearby Chinatown.[76] A Chinese lion helps usher in the 2006 Chinese New Year. ...


There is scientific speculation that exposure to various toxic products and the pollutants in the air surrounding the Towers after the WTC collapse may have negative effects on fetal development. Due to this potential hazard, a notable children's environmental health center is currently analyzing the children whose mothers were pregnant during the WTC collapse, and were living or working near the World Trade Center towers. The staff of this study assesses the children using psychological testing every year and interviews the mothers every six months. The purpose of the study is to determine whether there is significant difference in development and health progression of children whose mothers were exposed, versus those who were not exposed after the WTC collapse.[77]


Government officials have been faulted for urging the public to return to lower Manhattan in the weeks shortly following the attacks. President Bush has been faulted for interfering with the EPA interpretations and pronouncements regarding air quality. Mayor Giuliani has been faulted for urging financial industry personnel to return to the greater Wall Street area. [78] EPA redirects here. ... View up Wall Street from Pearl Street NYSE and Broad Street view from Wall Street Wall Street is the name of a narrow street in lower Manhattan running east from Broadway downhill to the East River. ...


See article on EPA head Christine Todd Whitman for her position on the air quality issue. Christine Todd Christie Whitman (born September 26, 1946) is an American Republican politician, a former Governor of New Jersey, and the former administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency in the administration of President George W. Bush. ...


On October 17, 2006 federal judge Alvin K. Hellerstein rejected New York city's refusal to pay for health costs for rescue workers. [79] Judge Alvin K. Hellerstein is a judge for the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York and has been involved in several high-profile cases. ...


Memorials

Manhattan from Jersey City on the memorial of the attacks in 2004
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Manhattan from Jersey City on the memorial of the attacks in 2004
World Trade Center site as of December 2005
World Trade Center site as of December 2005

Memorials to the victims and heroes of the attacks of September 11 have been planned. An eternal flame was lit by the Mayor on the first anniversary of the disaster. An outdoor public memorial at the Pentagon is scheduled for completion in Fall 2006. Within the Pentagon itself, the America's Heroes Memorial was added in September, 2002 when the building repairs were completed. However, public access to this memorial is restricted to group tours. Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1764 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1764 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Location of Jersey City within New Jersey. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 3594 KB) Summary Ground Zero December 2005 Photographed by and copyright of (c) David Corby (User:Miskatonic, uploader) 2006 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: September 11, 2001 attacks World Trade Center World Trade Center site... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 3594 KB) Summary Ground Zero December 2005 Photographed by and copyright of (c) David Corby (User:Miskatonic, uploader) 2006 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: September 11, 2001 attacks World Trade Center World Trade Center site... Image File history File linksMetadata Twintowerscross. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Twintowerscross. ... The cross installed on a pedestal at Ground Zero ca. ... The first memorials to the victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks began to take shape online, as hundreds of webmasters posted their own thoughts, links to the Red Cross, and other rescue agencies, photos and eyewitness accounts. ... The eternal flame at the Monument to the Unknown Soldier in Sofia, Bulgaria Eternal Flame is also a single released by The Bangles in 1989, and covered by Atomic Kitten in 2001. ... Pentagon Memorial is the memorial design by Julie Beckman and Keith Kaseman of New York, NY chosen from a design competition. ...


The proposed design for Flight 93 National Memorial is called, "Crescent of Embrace," which has created some controversy due to its large red crescent that also points toward Mecca. Recently, due to the amount of public pressure, it has been announced that the memorial will be redesigned so as to avoid any confusion with the sign of Islam. Flight 93 National Memorial protects the site of the crash of hijacked United Airlines Flight 93 on September 11, 2001, west of Sky Line Road in Stonycreek Township, Pennsylvania. ... An astronomically correct crescent shape (in blue). ... Mecca IPA: or Makkah (in full: Makkah al-Mukarramah; Arabic: ‎, Turkish: Mekke) is the capital city of Saudi Arabias Makkah province, in the historic Hijaz region. ... For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ...


Construction of the World Trade Center Memorial began in March 2006. The winning design of the World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition was Reflecting Absence created by Michael Arad. It is expected to open in 2009. Construction is in progress of a World Trade Center Memorial called Reflecting Absence, by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. ... The World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition was an open, international memorial contest, initiated by the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (LMDC), as per the specifications of architect Daniel Libeskind, to design a World Trade Center Site Memorial (later renamed the World Trade Center Memorial) on a portion of the reconstructed... Michael Arad is an Israeli citizen and architect who was selected to design the World Trade Center Memorial in New York City. ...


Many permanent memorials are being constructed around the world and a list is being updated as new ones are completed.[80] In addition to physical monuments, a number of September 11th family members and friends have set up memorial funds, scholarships, and charities in honor of lost loved ones.

Further information: Financial assistance following the September 11, 2001 attacks
See also: September 11, 2001 attacks in arts and literature

Charities and relief agencies raised over $657 million in the three weeks following the September 11, 2001 attacks, the vast bulk going to immediate survivors and victims families. ... It has been suggested that List of films about September 11, 2001 be merged into this article or section. ...

Media

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • President George W. Bush's September 12, 2001 speech about the attacks ( file info) — play in browser (beta)
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.
  • Video of first plane hitting the north tower (Streaming Windows Video)

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... George W. Bush Speech - September 12, 2001. ... Software development stages Development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ...

See also

Tenants

The 2001 anthrax attacks in the United States, also known as Amerithrax from its FBI codename, occurred over the course of several weeks beginning on September 18, 2001 (a week after the September 11, 2001 attacks). ... 9/11 is a documentary film about the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attacks in New York, in which two planes crashed into the two buildings of the World Trade Center. ... This article reviews some of the technical nuts and bolts of radio communications at the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center incident. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Able Danger was a classified military intelligence program under the command of the U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM). ... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ... Main article: 9/11 Conspiracy Theories The Controlled-Demolition Hypothesis proposes controversially that those World Trade Center buildings destroyed during the September 11th attacks were not brought down by the planes which crashed into them and subsequent fires, but by controlled demolition by explosives or other devices planted in the... The Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ), also called the Islamic Jihad and the Jihad Group, is an Egyptian Islamic group active since the late 1970s with origins in the Muslim Brotherhood. ... It has been suggested that Fahrenheit 9/11 controversy be merged into this article or section. ... For the identically named building in Florida, see Freedom Tower (Miami). ... Harry Samit of Minneapolis is the FBI special agent who arrested Zacarias Moussaoui in August 2001. ... The Ladenese Epistle is a written declaration of war writen by Osama bin Laden on the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Osama bin Muhammad bin Awad bin Laden (Arabic: ‎; born March 10, 1957 [1]), most commonly known as Osama bin Laden is a militant Islamist and one of the founders of al-Qaeda. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... ... This is a discussion of the Osama tapes that may implicate al-Qaeda in the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... A frame from Hlavas video, one of only three known videos that shows Flight 11 crashing into the North Tower of the World Trade Center. ... Pentagon Memorial is the memorial design by Julie Beckman and Keith Kaseman of New York, NY chosen from a design competition. ... A composite aerial view showing ongoing renovations to The Pentagon. ... The Salman Pak (al-Salman) facility was an Iraqi military facility located approximately 15 miles south of Baghdad on a peninsula formed by a broad eastward bend of the Tigris River, near the town of Salman Pak. ... Promotional material for The Path to 9/11 The Path to 9/11 was a controversial two-part miniseries that aired in the United States on ABC television on September 10, 2006 at 8 p. ... The Information Awareness Office is a branch of the United States Department of Defenses Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. ... United 93 (formerly named Flight 93) is a critically acclaimed 2006 docudrama written and directed by Paul Greengrass that chronicles events aboard United Airlines Flight 93, which was skyjacked during the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... The USS Cole bombing was a suicide bombing attack against the U.S. Navy guided missile destroyer USS Cole (DDG 67) on October 12, 2000 while it was harbored in the Yemeni port of Aden. ... The World Trade Center bombing was the February 26, 1993 terrorist attack in the garage of the New York City World Trade Center. ... World Trade Center is a 2006 dramatic film based on the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center towers of New York City, released by Paramount Pictures on August 9. ... Construction is in progress of a World Trade Center Memorial called Reflecting Absence, by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. ... The World Trade Center site destruction, 2001 in 2006 The World Trade Center site is the 16-acre (6. ... The World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition was an open, international memorial contest, initiated by the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (LMDC), as per the specifications of architect Daniel Libeskind, to design a World Trade Center Site Memorial (later renamed the World Trade Center Memorial) on a portion of the reconstructed... The North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City was completed in 1972 at a height of 417 m (1368 feet), distinguishable from the southern tower (Two World Trade Center) by the huge antenna on the roof. ... Two World Trade Center, the South Tower (tower 2) of the World Trade Center in New York City, was completed in 1973 at a height of 415 m (1362 feet). ... [edit] Notes [edit] See also List of tenants in World Trade Center One List of tenants in World Trade Center Two List of tenants in World Trade Center Three List of tenants in World Trade Center Five List of tenants in World Trade Center Six List of tenants in World... [edit] Notes [edit] See also List of tenants in World Trade Center One List of tenants in World Trade Center Two List of tenants in World Trade Center Three List of tenants in World Trade Center Four List of tenants in World Trade Center Six List of tenants in World... Seven World Trade Center, building 7 of the World Trade Center in New York City, was completed in 1987 at a height of 174 m (570 feet). ...

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  39. ^ "White House Drops Claim of Threat to Bush", Washington Post, September 27, 2001. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  40. ^ International Reaction. September11News.com. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  41. ^ Mixed response from Arab World. BBC News.
  42. ^ Remarks by the President to the United Nations General Assembly. USUN Press Release #162. United Nations (November 10, 2001). Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  43. ^ Khan, Aamer Ahmed (May 4, 2005). Pakistan and the 'key al-Qaeda' man. BBC. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  44. ^ Hamilton, Stuart (August 18-24, 2002). September 11th, the Internet, and the effects on information provision in Libraries (pdf). 68th IFLA Council and Conference. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  45. ^ G8 counter-terrorism cooperation since September 11th backgrounder. Site Internet du Sommet du G8 d'Evian. Retrieved on 2006-09-14.
  46. ^ Walsh, Courtney C (March 7, 2002). Italian police explore Al Qaeda links in cyanide plot. Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  47. ^ SE Asia unites to smash militant cells. CNN (May 8, 2002). Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  48. ^ Talanian, Nancy (2002). A Guide to Provisions of the USA Patriot Act and Federal Executive Orders that threaten civil liberties (pdf). Bill of Rights Defense Committee. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  49. ^ Reform the Patriot Act -- Don't Expand It!. American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved on 2006-09-14.
  50. ^ Liberty - Protecting Civil Liberties Promoting Human Rights : Terrorism. Liberty. Retrieved on 2006-09-14.
  51. ^ Glynn, Simone A (May 7, 2003). Effect of a National Disaster on Blood Supply and Safety: The September 11 Experience. Journal of the American Medical Association. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  52. ^ Hate crime reports up in wake of terrorist attacks. CNN (September 17, 2001). Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  53. ^ Benedetto, Richard and Patrick O'Driscoll. "Poll finds a united nation", USA Today, September 16, 2001. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  54. ^ Pooley, Eric. Mayor of the World. Time 2001 Person of the Year. Time. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  55. ^ Five Years Later, Anti-Semitic 9/11 Conspiracy Theories Live On. Press Release - Anti-Semitism: International. Anti-Defamation League (2006). Retrieved on 2006-10-14.
  56. ^ PICTURE GALLERY: The World Trade Center's Heroic Rescue Dogs. Canine Nation (September 15, 2001). Retrieved on 2006-09-18.
  57. ^ Barrett, Devlin (December 23, 2003). 9/11 Fund Deadline Passes. CBS News. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  58. ^ Statement by the North Atlantic Council. NATO (September 15, 2001). Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  59. ^ VandeHei, Jim; Dan Eggen (January 5, 2006). Cheney Cites Justifications For Domestic Eavesdropping. Washington Post. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  60. ^ Authorization for Use of Military Force. Public Law 107-40 [S. J. RES. 23]. U.S. Congress (September 18, 2001). Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  61. ^ September 11: Chronology of terror. CNN (September 12, 2001). Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  62. ^ Answers to Frequently Asked Questions. National Institute of Standards and Technology (August 30, 2006). Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
  63. ^ Animation Details Deutsche Bank Demolition Plans. Lower Manhattan Construction Command Center (November 28, 2005). Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
  64. ^ Reports of the Federal Building and Fire Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster. National Institute of Standards and Technology (October 26, 2005). Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  65. ^ a b Wartime. National Commission on Terrorists Attacks upon the United States. U.S. Congress. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  66. ^ 'Shadow Government' News To Congress. CBS News (March 2, 2002). Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  67. ^ Parrott, James (March 8, 2002). The Employment Impact of the September 11 World Trade Center Attacks: Updated Estimates based on the Benchmarked Employment Data (pdf). The Fiscal Policy Institute. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  68. ^ Lubell, Sam; Charles Linn (December 5, 2005). Power Struggle Heats Up While Development Moves Slowly at Ground Zero. Architectural Record. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  69. ^ Buettner, Russ. Fat cats milked Ground Zero. Daily News. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  70. ^ Bhadra, Dipasis; Pamela Texter (2004). Airline Networks: An Econometric Framework to Analyze Domestic U.S. Air Travel. U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  71. ^ Anita Gates, "Buildings Rise from Rubble while Health Crumbles," "New York Times," September 11, 2006, reporting on the documentary by Heidi Dehncke-Fisher, "Dust to Dust: The Health Effects of 9/11"
  72. ^ "What was Found in the Dust", New York Times, September 5, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  73. ^ Dr. Dennis Charney, in the September 2006 edition of Environmental Health Perspectives, the journal of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
  74. ^ Anita Gates, "Buildings Rise from Rubble while Health Crumbles," "New York Times," September 11, 2006, reporting on the documentary, "Dust to Dust: The Health Effects of 9/11"
  75. ^ Schapiro, Rich. "WTC air doomed ex-cop", New York Daily News, April 12, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  76. ^ Updated Ground Zero Report Examines Failure of Government to Protect Citizens. Sierra Club (2006). Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  77. ^ CCCEH Study of the Effects of 9/11 on Pregnant Women and Newborns. World Trade Center Pregnancy Study. Columbia University (2006). Retrieved on 2006-09-08.
  78. ^ Ben Smith, "Rudy's Black Cloud," in "New York Daily News," September 18, 2006
  79. ^ Anthony DePalma, "Ruling Opens a Door for Thousands of Ground Zero Lawsuits," "New York Times," October 18, 2006, B1,
  80. ^ 911 Memorials List. List of 911 and World Trade Center Memorials Across U.S. and the World. Retrieved on 2006-09-08.

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is the organ of the United Nations charged with maintaining peace and security among nations. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Portal:Currentevents September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Portal:Currentevents September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a major American non-profit organization with headquarters in New York City, whose stated mission is to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States.[1] It... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... Liberty is a pressure group based in the United Kingdom. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ...

Books

  • Wayne Barrett and Dan Collins, Grand Illusion: The Untold Story of Rudy Giuliani and 9/11. New York, Harper Collins, (2006). ISBN 0060536608
  • National Commission on Terrorist Attacks, The 9/11 Commission Report: Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, W.W. Norton and Company, (2004), ISBN 0393326713

External links

Find more information on September 11 by searching Wikipedia's sister projects:

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 News stories from Wikinews Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikinews-logo. ...

  • 9-11Commission.gov - 'National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States' (Official Website – archived)
  • 911DigitalArchive.org - 'September 11 Digital Archive: Saving the Histories of September 11th, 2001' (in partnership with the Library of Congress)
  • 911 Investigations - Repository of documents relating to the 9/11 attacks and War on Terrorism
  • BBC News - 'America's Day of Terror'
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports regarding 9/11
  • Memory.loc.gov - 'September 11, 2001, Documentary Project', The Library of Congress
  • TheMemoryHole.org - New York Fire Department audio tapes from September 11, 2001.
  • WCBS-TV September 11th Remembered
  • NY1.com - New York One News Television, 'World Trade Center Special Section' (June 7, 2005)
  • September 11, 2001 Newspaper Articles Archive - More than 15,000 free newspaper articles related to the 9/11/2001 attacks.
  • September 11, 2001 Screenshot Archive - Database of 230 screenshots from news sites around the world.
  • Washington Post - 'Terrorists Unleash Assault on US'
  • Open Directory - September 11, 2001

The Great Hall interior. ... The Great Hall interior. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Multimedia

  • Plane Hits Pentagon
  • 9/11 Timeline - Chronology of events according to 9/11 Commission Report presented in 4-way split screen.
  • CNN.com - Video archive, including the first and second planes.
  • Inside 9/11 - National Geographic
  • Defense Department Releases Two Videos of Flight 77 Crashing Into Pentagon. Retrieved on 2006-07-30.
  • New York 1 channel coverage
  • Time.com - 'Shattered: a remarkable collection of photographs', James Nachtwey
  • Various TV news coverage on Putfile.com
  • Memories of the attack (see flashbulb memory)
  • Slate's The 9/11 Report: A Graphic Adaptation by Sid Jacobson and Ernie Colón
  • Vanity Fair 9/11 Live: The NORAD Tapes
  • The Arab and Iranian Reaction to 911

The National Geographic Society was founded in the USA on January 27, 1888, by 33 men interested in organizing a society for the increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... A flashbulb memory is a memory laid down in great detail during a highly personally significant event. ...

Memorials

  • CNN September 11 memorial - List of victims, and photos.
    • - with biographies
  • CNN.com - 'In-Depth Special: War Against Terror Damage report from the city of New York'
  • MemoryArchive - 9/11 Memoirs
  • NewYorkMetro.com - 9/11 by the Numbers: Death, destruction, charity, salvation, war, money, real estate, spouses, babies, and other September 11 statistics', New York Times
  • September 11, 2001 wiki

The Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) (Arabic: جماعة أبو سياف), or simply Abu Sayyaf, also known as Al Harakat Al Islamiyya, is an Islamist terrorist separatist group of based in and around the southern islands of the Philippines, primarily Jolo, Basilan, and Mindanao. ... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ... Jemaah Islamiyah, sometimes rendered Jemaah Islamiah, is a militant Islamic terrorist organization dedicated to the establishment of a fundamentalist Islamic theocracy in Southeast Asia, in particular Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, and the south of Thailand and the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Taliban_(bordered). ... Flag flown by the Taliban. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
September 11, 2001 attacks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6943 words)
According to Mohammed Afroze, a planned simultaneous attack in London on the Palace of Westminster and Tower Bridge was aborted at the last minute when the would-be hijackers, waiting to board the planes they were to hijack, saw the damage in the U.S., panicked, and fled.
However, this attack was postponed by bin Laden, and subsequently foiled.
On September 20, 2001, the president spoke before the nation and a joint session of the United States Congress, regarding the events of that day, the intervening nine days of rescue and recovery efforts, and his intent in response to those events.
September 11, 2001 attacks - Free Encyclopedia (2761 words)
The September 11, 2001 attacks, often referred to as September 11 or 9/11 (after the U.S. style of writing that date, and pronounced "nine eleven"), were a series of coordinated suicide attacks against targets in the United States on September 11, 2001 that involved the hijacking of four commercial airliners.
The attacks of September 11th, 2001 had immediate and overwhelming effects upon the United States population and prompted numerous memorials and services all over the world, as well as support and/or tolerance for the US retaliation upon those accused of supporting the attacks.
After the U.S. attack removed the Taliban from power in many parts of Afghanistan, a videotape was discovered abandoned in Kabul, the Afghan capital, which showed Osama discussing the attacks in language that is hard to account for except in ways that imply he intended to indicate his foreknowledge.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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