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Encyclopedia > Sepoy

A sepoy (from Persian سپاهی Sipâhi meaning "soldier") was a native of India employed as a soldier in the service of a European power, usually of the United Kingdom. Specifically, it was the term used in the British Indian Army, and prior to that in the Honourable East India Company, for an infantry private (a cavalry trooper was a Sowar), and is still so used in the modern Indian Army, Pakistan Army and Bangladesh Army. Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... A group of native Indian muslim soldiers posing for volley firing orders. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... A Private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to Nato Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in). ... We dont have an article called Sowar Start this article Search for Sowar in. ... The Indian Army is one of the armed forces of India and has responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Pakistan Army Flag The Pakistan Army (Urdu: پاک فوج) is the largest branch of the Pakistan military, and is responsible for protection of the state borders, the security of interests of Pakistan within the framework of its international obligations. ... Official flag of Bangladesh Army Bangladesh Army, or Bānglādesh Shenā Bāhini (Bānglā: বাংলাদেশ সেনা বাহিনী) in Bangla, is a branch of Bangladesh Armed Forces. ...


The same Persian word has reached English via another route in the form of Spahi. Woodcut by Melchior Lorch (1646), originally engraved in 1576. ...


See also

  • Sepoy Mutiny (also Indian Mutiny or First Indian War of Independence)

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Hindu : Magazine / Heritage : When the Vellore sepoys rebelled (1450 words)
Some of the sepoys started looting the houses of the Europeans, whilst others were busy abusing sepoys who did not take part in the mutiny.
Muslim soldiers expressed solidarity with Hindu sepoys who despised the use of cow leather in the new cap prescribed in the revised uniform regulation issued by the office of Cradock.
The presence of Tipu's princes undoubtedly inspired the sepoys.
Cricinfo - Blogs - Men in White (11523 words)
Their dashing colonel who, some years ago, had whipped them into a fighting unit with a strange mix of paternalism, coercion, egotism and personal example, and successfully led them into battle, is now retired but watches from the sidelines.
Naib Subedar Yousuf, however, has solved that problem by suggesting that Sepoy Kaneria, surplus to requirement in the prayer huddle as Yousuf himself once was, ought to act as a look-out.
A case in point is Sepoy A. Mehmood, a fine all-terrain fighter, forced to seek foreign employment because he inexplicably fell out of favour.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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