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Encyclopedia > Seoul
Seoul
Seoul-Yeouido.at.dawn-01.jpg
Yeouido Island, Seoul
Korean name
Hangul 서울특별시
Hanja 서울特
Revised Romanization Seoul Teukbyeolsi
McCune-Reischauer Sŏul T'ŭkpyŏlsi
Short name
Hangul 서울
Revised Romanization Seoul
McCune-Reischauer Sŏul
Statistics
Area 605.33 km² (233.72 sq mi[1]
Population (2006) 10,356,000 (Metropolitan area 23 million) [1]
Population density 17,108 /km² (44,310 /sq mi)
Government Special City, Capital of Republic of Korea
Mayor Oh Se-hoon
Administrative divisions 25 gu
Region Seoul National Capital Area
Dialect Seoul dialect
Location map
Map of location of Seoul.
Map of location of Seoul.

Seoul (listen  IPA: [sʌul]) is the capital of South Korea. As a Special City, it is administered directly by the national government. With over ten million people, Seoul is South Korea's largest city and one of the most populous cities in the world. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Yeouido is a large island within Seoul, and one of Seouls business districts. ... Jamo redirects here. ... Korean writing systems Hangul Hanja Hyangchal Gugyeol Idu Mixed script Korean romanization Revised Romanization of Korean McCune-Reischauer Yale Romanization Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... Jamo redirects here. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The mayor of Seoul is the head of government for Seoul, the capital and largest city of South Korea. ... Oh Se-hoon, current mayor of South Korean capital, Seoul Oh Se-hoon (오세훈) (born January 4, 1961, Seoul, South Korea) is the current mayor of South Korean capital, Seoul. ... Korea has traditionally been divided into a number of unofficial regions that reflect historical, geographical, and dialect boundaries within the peninsula. ... The Seoul National Capital Area is a region located at the center of the Korean peninsula and is home to the capital of South Korea, Seoul. ... The Korean language is spoken in a number of different dialects around the Korean peninsula. ... The Seoul dialect is the basis of the standard dialect of Korean in South Korea. ... Image File history File links Ko-Seoul. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... In North and South Korea, Special cities, Metropolitan Cities, and Directly Governed Cities are cities that have a status equivalent to that of Provinces (Do). ... This is a list of the most populous cities of the world defined according to the concept of city proper. ...


The city is located on the basin of the Han River in the country's northwest. The North Korean border is about 50 km to the north. The Han River located in South Korea, is the confluence of the South Han River, which originates in Mount Daedeok-san, and the North Han, which originates in Mount Geumgang-san. ... North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia, covering the northern half of the peninsula of Korea. ...


Seoul first appears in history in 18 BC, when the Baekje kingdom established its capital Wiryeseong in what is now around Songpa-gu, southeastern Seoul. Modern Seoul descends from the Goryeo-era city called Namgyeong, which then became the capital of Korea during the Joseon dynasty. Baekje (October 18 BCE–August 660 BCE), originally Sipje, was a kingdom in the southwest of the Korean Peninsula. ... Wiryeseong was the name of two early capitals of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... Songpa-gu is a gu of Seoul, South Korea. ... Taegeuk is a traditional symbol of Korea Capital Gaegyeong Language(s) Korean Religion Buddhism Government Monarchy Wang  - 918 - 946 Taejo  - 949 - 975 Gwangjong  - 1259 - 1274 Wonjong  - 1351 - 1374 Gongmin Historical era 918 - 1392  - Later Three Kingdoms rise 892  - Coronation of Taejo June 15, 918  - Korea-Khitan Wars 993 - 1019  - Mongolian... This article is about the Korean civilization. ... Joseon redirects here. ...


The Seoul National Capital Area - which includes the major port city of Incheon and many satellite towns in Gyeonggi-do - has almost 23 million inhabitants, making it the second most populous metropolitan area in the world[citation needed]. Almost half of South Korea's population lives in the Seoul National Capital Area, and nearly one quarter in Seoul itself, making it the country's political, cultural, and economic centre. As of 2007, Seoul became the third most expensive city in the world and the most expensive in Asia.[2] The Seoul National Capital Area is a region located at the center of the Korean peninsula and is home to the capital of South Korea, Seoul. ... Inchon redirects here. ... Gyeonggi-do is the most populous province in South Korea. ... 27 metropolitan areas of at least 10 million people. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This is a list of the worlds most expensive cities for expatriate employees, (not local residents) according to the Mercer Human Resource Consulting 2006 Cost of Living Survey [1] . Various factors enter in to a citys cost-of-living for expatriate employees, such as monetary value, consumer confidence... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


In recent years, the metropolitan government has undertaken major environmental projects, including the restoration of Cheonggyecheon. Cheong Gye Cheon, also spelled in one word Cheonggyecheon is a small river flowing through downtown Seoul and then meeting the Han River. ...

Contents

Name

See also: Names of Seoul

The city has been known in the past by the successive names Wirye-seong (위례성; 慰禮城, Baekje era), Namgyeong (남경; 南京, Goryeo era), Hanseong (한성; 漢城, Joseon era) or Hanyang (한양; 漢陽). Its current name, Seoul derives from the ancient Korean word Seorabeol (서라벌; 徐羅伐) or Seobeol (서벌; 徐伐), meaning "capital city", which originally referred to Gyeongju, the capital of Silla, then called Geumseong (금성; 金城). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1207 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Seoul National Museum of Korea Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1207 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Seoul National Museum of Korea Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... The National Museum of Korea is the flagship museum of Korean history and art in South Korea and is the cultural organization that represents Korea. ... Baekje (October 18 BCE–August 660 BCE), originally Sipje, was a kingdom in the southwest of the Korean Peninsula. ... Taegeuk is a traditional symbol of Korea Capital Gaegyeong Language(s) Korean Religion Buddhism Government Monarchy Wang  - 918 - 946 Taejo  - 949 - 975 Gwangjong  - 1259 - 1274 Wonjong  - 1351 - 1374 Gongmin Historical era 918 - 1392  - Later Three Kingdoms rise 892  - Coronation of Taejo June 15, 918  - Korea-Khitan Wars 993 - 1019  - Mongolian... Joseon redirects here. ... Gyeongju is a city (see Subdivisions of South Korea) and prominent tourist destination in eastern South Korea. ... For other uses, see Silla (disambiguation). ...


Unlike most place names in Korea, "Seoul" has no corresponding hanja (Chinese characters used in the Korean language). The Chinese name for Seoul is 首爾 ("Shǒu'ěr" in Chinese pronunciation). Korean writing systems Hangul Hanja Hyangchal Gugyeol Idu Mixed script Korean romanization Revised Romanization of Korean McCune-Reischauer Yale Romanization Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... This article is mainly about the spoken Korean language. ...


History

Gyeongbokgung against Bugaksan.
Gyeongbokgung against Bugaksan.
Old Seoul in the late Joseon period.
Old Seoul in the late Joseon period.
Main article: History of Seoul

The history of Seoul can be traced back as far as 18 BC, when it was established as a settlement in Baekje. It's believed that the Wiryeseong site is in the boundaries of modern day Seoul. It has thereafter been the capital of the Joseon Dynasty. In the Japanese colonization period in the early 20th century, many historical and traditional parts of Seoul were changed. The city was almost entirely destroyed in the Korean War, but an aggressive economic policy in the 1960s and 1970s helped to rebuild the city very rapidly. In the 1990s, some important historical buildings were restored, including Gyeongbokgung, one of the royal palaces of the Joseon dynasty. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x651, 164 KB) Beschreibung Exterior view on the Gyeongbox-gung palace in Seoul Originally uploaded to the French Wikipedia by Mammique, released under the terms of the GNU GPL. Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: South Korea... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x651, 164 KB) Beschreibung Exterior view on the Gyeongbox-gung palace in Seoul Originally uploaded to the French Wikipedia by Mammique, released under the terms of the GNU GPL. Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: South Korea... Gyeongbokgung (Gyeongbok Palace) is a palace located in northern Seoul, South Korea. ... The History of Seoul can be traced back as far as 18 BC. Counting from now, it has a history of over 2000 years. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC - 10s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s Years: 23 BC 22 BC 21 BC 20 BC 19 BC 18 BC 17 BC 16 BC 15 BC 14 BC 13 BC... Baekje (October 18 BCE–August 660 BCE), originally Sipje, was a kingdom in the southwest of the Korean Peninsula. ... Wiryeseong was the name of two early capitals of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... Joseon redirects here. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Belligerents United Nations: Republic of Korea Australia Belgium Canada Colombia Ethiopia France Greece Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Philippines South Africa Thailand Turkey United Kingdom United States Naval Support and Military Servicing/Repairs: Japan Medical staff: Denmark Italy Norway India Sweden DPR Korea PR China Soviet Union Commanders Syngman Rhee Chung... The Fourth Republic of South Korea was the government of the country from 1972 to 1979. ... Gyeongbokgung (Gyeongbok Palace) is a palace located in northern Seoul, South Korea. ...


Geography

Seoul is in northwest South Korea. Seoul proper comprises 605.39 km² of area, roughly bisected into northern and southern halves by the Han River. The Han River and its surrounding area played an important role in Korean history. The Three Kingdoms of Korea strove to take control of this land, where the river was used as a trade route to China (via the Yellow Sea). However, the river is no longer actively used for navigation, because its estuary is located at the borders of the two Koreas, barred for entrance by any civilian. The city is bordered by eight mountains, as well as the more level lands of the Han River plain and western areas. The Han River located in South Korea, is the confluence of the South Han River, which originates in Mount Daedeok-san, and the North Han, which originates in Mount Geumgang-san. ... The Three Kingdoms Period of Korea (hangul: 삼국시대) featured the three rival kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, which dominated the Korean peninsula and parts of Manchuria for much of the 1st millennium CE. Historians claim that the Three Kingdoms period ran from the 1st century BCE (specifically 57 BC) until... ...


Climate

Climate chart for Seoul
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
23
 
1
-7
 
 
25
 
3
-5
 
 
47
 
10
0
 
 
94
 
17
7
 
 
92
 
23
13
 
 
134
 
26
17
 
 
369
 
29
22
 
 
294
 
30
22
 
 
169
 
26
17
 
 
50
 
20
10
 
 
53
 
11
3
 
 
21
 
4
-4
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: http://www.climate-charts.com/Locations/k/KO47108.html

In common with the rest of South Korea, Seoul has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate, despite the fact that South Korea is surrounded on three sides by water.[3] Summers are generally hot and humid, with monsoons taking place from June until September. August, the hottest month, has an average temperature of 72 °F to 86 °F (22°C to 30°C) with higher temperatures possible. Winters are often very cold when compared to places of a similar latitude, with an average January temperature of 19 °F to 33 °F (-7°C to 1°C). Winters are generally much drier than summers, although there are 28 days of snow in Seoul in each year on average. The humid continental climate is a climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between polar and tropical air masses. ... A monsoon is a periodic wind, especially in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ...


Cityscape

A view of Teheranro, looking west.
A view of Teheranro, looking west.

The traditional heart of Seoul is the old Joseon Dynasty city, which is now the downtown area, where most palaces, government offices, corporate headquarters, hotels, and traditional markets are located. This area occupies the valley of Cheonggyecheon, a stream that runs from west to east through the valley before emptying into the Han River. For many years, the stream had been covered by concrete, but was recently restored through an urban revival project. To the north of downtown is Bukhan Mountain, and to the south is the smaller Namsan. Further south are the old suburbs of Yongsan-gu and Mapo-gu, and the Han River. Across the Han River are the newer and wealthier areas of Gangnam-gu,Seocho-gu and surrounding neighborhoods. The World Trade Center of Korea is located in Gangnam-gu and this is where many expositions and conferences are held. Also in Gangnam-gu is the COEX Mall, a large indoor shopping and entertainment complex. Bamseom is an island in the middle of the Han River near Yeouido, downstream from Gangnam-gu, and is home to the National Assembly, major broadcasting studios, and a number of large office buildings, as well as the Korea Finance Building and the world's largest Pentecostal church. The Olympic Stadium, Olympic Park, and Lotte World are located in Songpa-gu, on the south side of the Han River, upstream from Gangnam-gu. South of the sprawling Gangnam area are Namhan Mountain,Cheonggye Mountain and Gwanak Mountain. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 397 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 1360 pixel, file size: 364 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This picture was taken by myself I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 397 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 1360 pixel, file size: 364 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This picture was taken by myself I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the... Joseon redirects here. ... Cheong Gye Cheon, also spelled in one word Cheonggyecheon is a small river flowing through downtown Seoul and then meeting the Han River. ... The Bukhan Mountain is on the north side of Seoul. ... Namsan with Seoul Tower. ... Yongsan-gu is a district of Seoul, South Korea. ... Mapo-gu is a gu, or district, of Seoul, South Korea. ... The Han River located in South Korea, is the confluence of the South Han River, which originates in Mount Daedeok-san, and the North Han, which originates in Mount Geumgang-san. ... Gangnam-gu (hangul:강남구; hanja: 江南區, sometimes spelt Kangnam-gu) is one of the 25 gu (wards) which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... Seocho-gu (서초구) is one of the 25 gu (wards) which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... COEX mall - inside COEX mall - outside COEX Mall (hangul: 코엑스몰) is an underground shopping mall located in Seoul, South Korea, and is the largest shopping center in Seoul. ... Bamseom is a pair of islets in the River Han in Seoul, South Korea. ... Yeouido is a large island within Seoul, and one of Seouls business districts. ... Lotte World (Korean: 롯데월드) is a recreation complex in Seoul, South Korea. ... Gangnam-gu (hangul:강남구; hanja: 江南區, sometimes spelt Kangnam-gu) is one of the 25 gu (wards) which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... Namhan Mountain is a 460 m peak in Gyeonggi province, South Korea. ... Gwanaksan (632 m[1]) is a small mountain in southern Seoul, South Korea. ...

The beginning of the recently restored Cheonggyecheon stream.
The beginning of the recently restored Cheonggyecheon stream.

Major modern landmarks include the Korea Finance Building, N Seoul Tower, the World Trade Center, the 63 Building and the six-skyscraper residence Tower Palace. These and various high-rise office buildings, like the Seoul Star Tower and Jongno Tower, dominate the city's skyline. Due to its high density, Seoul has been equipped with a grand appearance of skyscrapers and the city council is now planning on building a series of high-rises, including 580-metre business center in Sangam Digital Media City district and an 800-metre Lotte World 2 Tower in the Jamsil (pronounced "Jam-shil") district of Songpa-gu and Gangdong-gu. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1120x840, 478 KB) Summary http://cheonggye. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1120x840, 478 KB) Summary http://cheonggye. ... Cheong Gye Cheon, also spelled in one word Cheonggyecheon is a small river flowing through downtown Seoul and then meeting the Han River. ... Taj Mahal Big Ben Saint Basils Cathedral Azadi Square in Tehran For other senses of this word, see landmark (disambiguation). ... The DLI (Daehan Life Insurance) 63 Building (63 빌딩) is a skyscraper on Yeouido Island, overlooking the Han River in Seoul, South Korea. ... N Seoul Tower is a communication tower located in Seoul, Korea. ... The World Trade Center Seoul (WTC Seoul). ... The DLI (Daehan Life Insurance) 63 Building (63 빌딩 or 육삼 빌딩) is a skyscraper on Yeouido Island, overlooking the Han River in Seoul, South Korea. ... View of Tower Palace The Samsung Tower Palace is a group of 7 towers, lettered A-G. They are located at Dogok-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, South Korea. ... This article is about traditional meanings of the word office. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... Jamsil may refer to: Jamsil Arena, an indoor sporting venue in Seoul, South Korea Jamsil Baseball Stadium, in Seoul, South Korea Jamsil Station, a station on the Seoul Metropolitan Subway Jamsil Students Gymnasium, an indoor sporting venue in Seoul, South Korea Category: ... Songpa-gu is a gu of Seoul, South Korea. ... Gangdong-gu is a gu, or district, in Seoul, South Korea. ...

Urban and civil planning was a key concept when Seoul was first designed to serve as a capital in the late 14th century. The Royal Palaces of the Joseon Dynasty still remain in Seoul, with the main palace, Gyeongbokgung currently being restored to its original form. Today, there are eight major subway lines stretching for more than 250 kilometers, with a ninth and tenth line being planned, and also some other miscellaneous lines. View of Tower Palace The Samsung Tower Palace is a group of 7 towers, lettered A-G. They are located at Dogok-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, South Korea. ... Joseon redirects here. ... Gyeongbokgung (Gyeongbok Palace) is a palace located in northern Seoul, South Korea. ...


The most historically significant street in Seoul is Jongno, meaning "Bell Street," on which one can find Bosingak, a pavillion containing a large bell. The bell signaled the different times of the day and therefore controlled the four major gates to the city. The only time it is normally rung nowadays is at midnight on New Year's Eve, when it is rung thirty-three times. It was, however, rung on the day that President Kim Dae-jung took office. Jongno (Bell Street) is a major east-west thoroughfare in central Seoul, South Korea, connecting Sejongno to Dongdaemun. ... Bosingak is a large bell pavilion on Jongno in Seoul, South Korea. ... Kim Dae-jung (born December 3, 1925) is a South Korean politician. ...


Seoul's most important streetcar line ran along Jongno until it was replaced by Line 1 of the subway system in the early 1970s. Other notable streets in downtown Seoul include Euljiro (을지로; 乙支路), Teheranno (테헤란, Tehran Street), Sejongno (세종로; 世宗路), Chungmuro (충무로; 忠武路), Yulgongno (율곡로; 栗谷路), and Toegyero (퇴계로; 退溪路). Euljiro is a street in Seoul named after Eulji Mundeok, the general who saved Korea from the invading Sui Dynasty Chinese. ... Teheranno (alternatively Teheranro, translation Tehran Street) is a street in the Gangnam district of Seoul, South Korea. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Sejong-ro is a street that cuts through Jongno-gu in downtown Seoul. ...

N Seoul Tower is a communication tower located in Seoul, Korea. ... Namsan or Nam-san, literally South Mountain is a common name for Korean mountains and hills. ...

Administrative divisions

Main article: Gu of Seoul
Seoul Districts
Seoul Districts

Seoul is divided into 25 gu (구; ) (district), which are sub-divided into 522 dong (동; ), which are sub-divided into 13,787 tong (통; ), which are further divided into 102,796 ban in total. The city of Seoul, South Korea, is divided into twenty-five gu (administrative districts). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2760x2760, 191 KB) Beschreibung Districts of Seoul with romanizied labels Other versions: Image:Image-Map Seoul-teukbyeolsi-big. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2760x2760, 191 KB) Beschreibung Districts of Seoul with romanizied labels Other versions: Image:Image-Map Seoul-teukbyeolsi-big. ... South Korea is divided into 8 provinces (do), 1 special autonomous province (teukbyeol jachido), 6 metropolitan cities (gwangyeoksi), and 1 special city (teukbyeolsi). ... South Korea is divided into 8 provinces (do), 1 special autonomous province (teukbyeol jachido), 6 metropolitan cities (gwangyeoksi), and 1 special city (teukbyeolsi). ...

Headline text 98Bold text--68. ... Dongdaemun-gu is one of the 25 gu (districts) of Seoul, South Korea. ... Dongjak gu (동작구) is one of the 25 gu which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... Eunpyeong-gu is one of the 25 gu which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Gangdong-gu is a gu, or district, in Seoul, South Korea. ... Gangnam-gu (hangul:강남구; hanja: 江南區, sometimes spelt Kangnam-gu) is one of the 25 gu (wards) which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... Gangseo-gu is one of the 25 wards (gu) of Seoul, South Korea. ... Geumcheon-gu is one of the 25 gu (districts) of Seoul, South Korea. ... Guro-gu is one of the 25 gu which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... Gwanak-gu is a gu, or district, in Seoul, South Korea. ... Gwangjin-gu is one of the 25 wards (gu) of Seoul, South Korea. ... Jongno-gu is a gu, or district, in central Seoul, South Korea. ... Jung-gu is one of the 25 gu which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... Jungnang-gu is one of the 25 gu, or districts, of Seoul, South Korea. ... Mapo-gu is a gu, or district, of Seoul, South Korea. ... Nowon-gu(노원구) is an autonomous gu or district of Seoul, located in the northeastern part of the metropolitan city. ... Seocho-gu (서초구) is one of the 25 gu (wards) which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... Seodaemun-gu is a gu located in northwestern Seoul, South Korea. ... Seongbuk-gu is one of the 25 gu which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... Seongdong-gu is one of the 25 gu which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... Songpa-gu is a gu of Seoul, South Korea. ... Yangcheon-gu is a gu, or district, of Seoul, South Korea, located on the southwest side of the Han River. ... Yeongdeungpo-gu is a administrative district in Southwest Seoul, Korea . ... Yongsan-gu is a district of Seoul, South Korea. ...

Demographics

Nearly all of Seoul's residents are Korean, with some small Chinese and Japanese minorities. A rapidly growing population of international residents now represent about 2% of the total population [4]. Seoul’s population surpassed 10,421,000 as of the end of 2007 and the number of foreigners was 229,000, constituting 2.2 percent of the population. [1] This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


The crime rate in Seoul is very low. Two major religions in Seoul are Buddhism and Christianity. Other religions include Shamanism and Confucianism, the latter seen more as a pervasive social philosophy rather than a religion. Buddhism is a variety of teachings described as a religion[1] or way of life that attempts to identify the causes of human suffering and offer various ways that are claimed to end, or ease suffering. ... This article is about the practice of shamanism; for other uses, see Shaman (disambiguation). ... A Confucian temple in Wuwei, Peoples Republic of China. ...


Economy

As headquarters for some of the world’s largest corporations, such as Samsung, LG Group, Hyundai, Kia Motors,and Daewoo Corporation, the service sector in Seoul has thrived, benefiting the national economy and development. South Korea derives 63.2% of its GDP from the service sector, above the average for the upper income nations (World Bank 2004). The major exports are electronics, automobiles, and machinery. This economic development has also helped keep unemployment at around 3.4% and ensured that the informal economy of Seoul is negligible. Foreign direct investment is also high at around $2 billion [5]; however, South Korea was expected to be threatened with a slowing economy which could hurt it and its development.[citation needed] [[COEX Convention & Exhibition Center]] COEX is Seoul, South Koreas representative Convention and Exhibition Center. ... The World Trade Center Seoul (WTC Seoul). ... Samsung Group is one of the largest South Korean business groupings. ... A leader in making and manufacturing Electronics LG redirects here. ... South Korean business tycoon Chung Ju-yung, founder and honorary chairman of Hyundai Group, 1998 Hyundai refers to a group of companies founded by Chung Ju-yung in South Korea, and related organizations. ... Kia redirects here. ... This article is about the chaebol Daewoo Group. ...

Hyundai IPark Building.
Hyundai IPark Building.

South Korean business tycoon Chung Ju-yung, founder and honorary chairman of Hyundai Group, 1998 Hyundai refers to a group of companies founded by Chung Ju-yung in South Korea, and related organizations. ...

Financial hub

As a major business and financial center, Seoul ranks fifth in the world in terms of the number of Fortune 500 transnational companies headquartered there [6].After the 1988 Summer Olympics and the 2002 FIFA World Cup, Seoul became a global city. Major banks have branches in Seoul: Mizuho Financial Group, Citigroup, HSBC. One of the biggest exchange banks, the Korea Exchange Bank is also headquarted in Seoul. The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... Johnson winning the 100 m final The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games celebrated in 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. ... 2002 World Cup redirects here. ... “World city” redirects here. ... Mizuho Bank Ginza Branch Mizuho Financial Group, Inc. ... Citi redirects here. ... HSBC Holdings plc (traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (LSE:HSBA, SEHK: 0005, NYSE: HBC, Euronext: HSBC, BSX: 1077223879), or The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Holdings plc, is the worlds largest corporation and the worlds largest bank, as calculated by the annual Forbes list of the worlds largest firms... Oehwan Bank or Korea Exchange Bank (KEB) (KRXS: 004940) is South Koreas only exchange bank company. ...


Education

See also: Education in South Korea, List of universities in Seoul

There are a large number of universities in Seoul. Most of the country's most prestigious universities are located in Seoul, including the so-called "SKY" schools: Seoul National University, Korea University, and Yonsei University. The Education in South Korea is seen as the most important key to success and competition is consequently very heated and fierce. ... A list of universities in Seoul, South Korea: Chungang University Chugye University for the Arts Dankook University Dongguk University Dongduk Womens University Duksung Womens University Ewha Womans University Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Hansung University Hanyang University Hanyang Womens University Hongik University Induk University Kang-woon University... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... SKY is a collective nickname for the three most prestigious universities in South Korea: Seoul National University (SNU), Korea University (KU), and Yonsei University (YU). ... Not to be confused with the University of Seoul. ... Korea University is located in central Seoul, with a secondary campus in Jochiwon, South Korea, and is generally regarded as one of the most prestigious universities in Korea. ... Yonsei University is a private university located in Seoul, South Korea. ...


Culture

Bongeunsa in Southern Seoul.
Bongeunsa in Southern Seoul.
The interior of Injeongjeon in Changdeokgung before renovation.
The interior of Injeongjeon in Changdeokgung before renovation.
The inside of Lotte World.
The inside of Lotte World.

Image File history File linksMetadata Changgyeonggung2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Changgyeonggung2. ... Changgyeonggung is a palace located in Seoul, South Korea. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1255 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Changdeokgung ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1255 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Changdeokgung ... Changdeokgung (Changdeok Palace or Palace of Prospering Virtue) is a palace set within a large park in Seoul, South Korea. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 919 KB) Korean Buddihism Temple Bongeunsa File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Seoul Bongeunsa Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 919 KB) Korean Buddihism Temple Bongeunsa File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Seoul Bongeunsa Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Bongeunsa is a Buddhist temple in Gangnam-gu, Seoul, South Korea. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3264x2448, 5117 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Seoul Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3264x2448, 5117 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Seoul Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Lotte World (Korean: 롯데월드) is a recreation complex in Seoul, South Korea. ...

Historical structures and museums

The Joseon Dynasty built "Five Grand Palaces" in Seoul: Joseon redirects here. ...

Changdeokgung (Changdeok Palace or Palace of Prospering Virtue) is a palace set within a large park in Seoul, South Korea. ... Changgyeonggung is a palace located in Seoul, South Korea. ... Deoksugung (Deoksu Palace) is a walled compound of palaces that was inhabited by various Korean royalty until the Japanese occupation near the turn of the 20th century. ... Gyeongbokgung (Gyeongbok Palace) is a palace located in northern Seoul, South Korea. ... Gyeonghuigung was a palace located in Seoul, South Korea. ...

Museums

Main article: List of museums in Seoul

Outside the metropolitan area: The National Museum of Korea is the flagship museum of Korean history and art in South Korea and is the cultural organization that represents Korea. ... The National Folk Museum of Korea was established in 1945 as the National Museum of Ethnology. ... Korean War Memorial, Seoul Opened in June 1994, the War Memorial in South Korea offers visitors an educational, yet emotional experience of the many wars in which Korea was involved. ...

  • Namhan sanseong(남한산성; 南漢山城)
  • Bukhan sanseong(북한산성; 北漢山城)
  • Namsan Park(남산공원; 南山公園)

Namsan Park is a large park in south-central Seoul, South Korea. ...

Temples and shrines

This article is about the traditional culture of Korea. ... Dongmyo 東廟 (literally means Eastern Temple of King Guan) is a shrine in metropolitan Seoul built in honour of the 3rd century Chinese military commander, Guan Yu. ... Munmyo (also called Seonggyungwan Munmyo) is Koreas primary Confucian shrine. ... Hi my name is Allison, and I wanna be your friend!!! E-mail me at [email protected] ... Bongeunsa is a Buddhist temple in Gangnam-gu, Seoul, South Korea. ...

Parks and outdoor attractions

Seoul's air pollution levels are now on par with those of Tokyo and significantly lower than those of Beijing.[7] Seoul's metropolitan area accommodates six major parks, including Seoul Forest, which opened in mid-2005. The Seoul National Capital Area also contains a green belt aimed to prevent the city from sprawling out over the neighboring Gyeonggi Province. These areas are frequently sought after by people resting on the weekend and during vacations. Air pollution is the modification of the natural characteristics of the atmosphere by a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Seoul National Capital Area is a region located at the center of the Korean peninsula and is home to the capital of South Korea, Seoul. ... For other uses of the word Greenbelt, see Greenbelt (disambiguation). ... Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ... Gyeonggi-do is the most populous province in South Korea. ... South Korea is divided into 8 provinces (do), 1 special autonomous province (teukbyeol jachido), 6 metropolitan cities (gwangyeoksi), and 1 special city (teukbyeolsi). ...


In addition, Seoul is also home to the world's largest indoor amusement park, Lotte World. Other recreation centres include the former Olympic and World Cup stadiums and the City Hall's public lawn. Lotte World (Korean: 롯데월드) is a recreation complex in Seoul, South Korea. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... World Cup Stadium, Seoul The Seoul World Cup Stadium has been home to K-League club FC Seoul since 2004. ... For the railway station in Sydney, Australia, see Town Hall railway station, Sydney. ...


Sports

Seoul hosted the 1986 Asian Games, 1988 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. It also served as one of the host cities of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Seoul World Cup Stadium hosted the opening ceremony and first game of the tournament. The 10th Asian Games were held from September 20, 1986 to October 5, 1986 in Seoul, South Korea. ... Johnson winning the 100 m final The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games celebrated in 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. ... See also: 1988 Summer Olympics The 1988 Summer Paralympics were the first Paralympics in 24 years that were held concurrently with the Olympics. ... The 2002 FIFA World Cup (Official name: 2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan) was held in South Korea and Japan from May 31 to June 30. ... World Cup Stadium, Seoul The Seoul World Cup Stadium has been home to K-League club FC Seoul since 2004. ...


Taekwondo is Korea's national sport and Seoul is the location of the Kukkiwon, also known as the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF), the world headquarters of taekwondo. Taekwondo (태권도; IPA: ) is a Korean martial art and combat sport. ... Kukkiwon, also known as the World Taekwondo Headquarters, is an organization in the Gangnam-gu district of Seoul, South Korea. ... The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) is the International Federation (IF) member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for the competition events of the martial art of Taekwondo. ...


The city is home to three baseball teams in the KBO: the Doosan Bears, the LG Twins, and Woori Heros & two basketball teams in the KBL: the Seoul Samsung Thunders and Seoul SK Knights. This article is about the sport. ... The Korean Baseball Organization (KBO) of South Korea is the countrys professional baseball league and was founded with six teams in 1982 and currently has eight. ... Doosan Bears (두산 베어스) are a Korean professional baseball team founded in 1982. ... LG Twins is a South Korean baseball team based in Seoul and owned by the Lucky Goldstar (LG) Group. ... The Korean Basketball League or KBL is the professional basketball league of South Korea. ... The Seoul Samsung Thunders have been in the KBL (Korean Basketball League) for 14 years. ...


There is one professional football club in Seoul, FC Seoul, which plays in the K-League. Two K3 League teams are based in the capital, Seoul United and Eungpyeong Chung-goo FC. Soccer redirects here. ... FC Seoul is a football club based in Seoul, South Korea. ... The Korea Professional Football League (K-League) is South Koreas professional club football league and is one of the most successful leagues in Asian club football competitions. ... // The K3 League is an amateur football competition in South Korea. ... Seoul United is a South Korean soccer club based in the city of Seoul. ... Eunpyeong Chung-goo Sungshim Hospital FC (Chung-goo FC for short) is a South Korean soccer club based in Eunpyeong-gu, Seoul. ...


Transportation

Main article: Transportation in Seoul

Seoul's transportation boom dates back to the era of the Korean Empire, when the first streetcar lines were laid and a railroad linking Seoul and Incheon was completed. Today, as a result of the diversification of Seoul's transportation network, it has become a great transportation hub for Asia. Seouls transportation boom dates back to the era of the Korean Empire, when the first streetcar lines were laid and a railroad linking Seoul and Incheon was completed. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Seoul hosts more than three million registered vehicles and widespread traffic congestion is common.


Airports

There are two international airports that serve Seoul. Gimpo International Airport, formerly in Gimpo but annexed to Seoul in 1963, was the only international airport for Seoul since its original construction during the Korean War. Other domestic airports were built around the time of the war, including at Yeouido. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 200 KB) geänderte Version des Bildes Image:Incheon International Airport. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 200 KB) geänderte Version des Bildes Image:Incheon International Airport. ... Incheon Airport - Entrance Incheon Airport - Departures Incheon International Airport (IIA) (IATA: ICN, ICAO: RKSI) (Korean: ) is the largest airport in South Korea, and one of the largest and busiest in Asia. ... Gimpo International Airport (Hangul: 김포국제공항; Hanja:金浦國際空港; Revised Romanization of Korean: Gimpo Gukje Gonghang; McCune-Reischauer: Kimpo Kukche Konghang), commonly known as Gimpo Airport (IATA: GMP, ICAO: RKSS) (formerly Kimpo International Airport), is located in the far western end of Seoul and was the main international airport for Seoul and South... Gimpo is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. ... Belligerents United Nations: Republic of Korea Australia Belgium Canada Colombia Ethiopia France Greece Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Philippines South Africa Thailand Turkey United Kingdom United States Naval Support and Military Servicing/Repairs: Japan Medical staff: Denmark Italy Norway India Sweden DPR Korea PR China Soviet Union Commanders Syngman Rhee Chung... Yeouido is a large island within Seoul, and one of Seouls business districts. ...


Upon opening in March 2001, Incheon International Airport on Yeongjong island in Incheon changed the role of Gimpo Airport significantly. Incheon is now responsible for almost all international flights and some domestic flights, while Gimpo serves only domestic flights with the exception of flights to Haneda Airport in Tokyo and Hongqiao Airport in Shanghai. This has led to a significant drop in flights from Gimpo Airport. Incheon Airport - Entrance Incheon Airport - Departures Incheon International Airport (IIA) (IATA: ICN, ICAO: RKSI) (Korean: ) is the largest airport in South Korea, and one of the largest and busiest in Asia. ... Yeongjong Island is an island off the west coast of the city of Incheon and Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. ... Inchon redirects here. ... Tokyo International Airport ) (IATA: HND, ICAO: RJTT), located in ÅŒta, Tokyo, Japan, is one of the two primary airports serving the Greater Tokyo Area. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (IATA: SHA, ICAO: ZSSS) (Simplified Chinese: 上海虹桥国际机场, Traditional Chinese: 上海虹橋國際機場, Pinyin: ShànghÇŽi Hóngqiáo Guójì JÄ«cháng, Translation: Rainbow Bridge International Airport) is one of the two airports in Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ...


Meanwhile, Incheon International Airport has become, along with Hong Kong and Singapore, a major transportation centre for East Asia. The 2005 AETRA passenger survey, jointly administered by the IATA and Airports Council International, voted it the best airport in the world.[8] It was named by Skytrax as the world's 5th best airport for 2006.[9] This article is about the geographical region. ... “IATA” redirects here. ... Airports Council International (ACI) is the leading international trade group of the worlds commercial aviation industry, based in Geneva, Switzerland. ... Skytrax is a United Kingdom-based researching company for commercial airlines. ...


Incheon and Gimpo are linked to Seoul by highways, and Gimpo is also linked by subway (line #5). The Incheon International Airport Railroad, a rail line connecting Incheon Airport to Gimpo Airport opened in March 2007, but the line to Seoul Station in central Seoul will take at least a year more to open. Shuttle buses transfer passengers between Incheon and Gimpo airports. The Incheon International Airport Railroad, also known as IREX, is a railway currently under construction in South Korea. ...

AREX train running between Incheon and Gimpo Airport.
AREX train running between Incheon and Gimpo Airport.

AREX is a South Korean railway line that links Incheon International Airport and Gimpo Airport, with a future section extending to Seoul Station. ...

Bus

Main article: Seoul Buses

Seoul's bus system is operated by the Seoul Metropolitan Government, with four primary bus configurations available servicing most of the city. Seoul Buses are public transit buses operated by the Seoul Metropolitan Government. ...

New Super Aero City for B144
New Super Aero City for B144

Seoul has many big intercity/express bus terminals. These buses are connecting Seoul and cities all around Korea. Major bus terminals are Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1434 × 1076 pixel, file size: 401 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Seoul Bus, Trunk Line 144. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1434 × 1076 pixel, file size: 401 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Seoul Bus, Trunk Line 144. ...

  • Seoul Express Bus Terminal in Seocho-gu
  • Central City in Seocho-gu
  • Seoul Nambu Terminal, also in Seocho-gu
  • Dongseoul Bus Terminal in Gwangjin-gu
  • Sangbong Terminal in Jungnang-gu

Seocho-gu (서초구) is one of the 25 gu (wards) which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... Gwangjin-gu is one of the 25 wards (gu) of Seoul, South Korea. ... Jungnang-gu is one of the 25 gu, or districts, of Seoul, South Korea. ...

Subway

Subway station in Seoul.
Subway station in Seoul.

Seoul has eight subway lines that interlink every district of the city with one another and with the surrounding area. The majority of the population now uses the public transportation system due to its convenience and low cost. With more than 8 million passengers a day, Seoul has one of the busiest subway systems in the world. In addition, in order to cope with all of these transportation modes, Seoul's metropolitan government employs several mathematicians to coordinate the subway, bus, and traffic schedules into one timetable. The 10 lines are run by Korail, Seoul Metro and SMRT. A map of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway. ... Korail is the national railroad operator in South Korea. ... System Map (click to enlarge) The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is one of the most heavily used subway systems in the world, with over 8 million trips daily on the systems nine lines (total figures for Seoul Metropolitan Subway Corporation, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation & Korean National Railroad commuter lines). ... Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation (SMRT) was established in 1994 to operate the Seoul subway lines 5, 6, 7, and 8. ...


Train

KTX.
KTX.

Seoul is connected to every major city in Korea by railroad. Seoul is also linked to most major Korean cities by the KTX bullet train which features a normal operation speed of more than 300 km/h, making commuting between cities extremely convenient for commuters and tourists. Major railroad stations include: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Korea Train Express (KTX) is South Koreas high speed train system. ... Korea Train Express (KTX) is South Koreas high speed train system. ...

  • Seoul Station, Jung-gu - Gyeongbu line (KTX/Saemaul/Mugunghwa-ho), Gyeongui line (Saemaul/Commuter)
  • Yongsan Station, Yongsan-gu - Honam line (KTX/Saemaul/Mugunghwa), Jeolla/Janghang lines (Saemaul/Mugunghwa)
  • Yeongdeungpo Station, Yeongdeungpo-gu - Gyeongbu/Honam/Janghang lines (Saemaul/Mugunghwa)
  • Cheongnyangni Station, Dongdaemun-gu - Gyeongchun/Jungang/Yeongdong/Taebaek lines (Mugunghwa)

Seoul Station is a major railway station in Seoul, South Korea. ... Jung-gu is one of the 25 gu which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. ... Korea Train Express (KTX) is South Koreas high speed train system. ... Saemaeul, or new village, can refer to: The New Community Movement or Saemaeul Undong for rural development in South Korea in the 1970s. ... The Mugunghwa-ho or Mugunghwa is a class of train operated by Korail, the national railroad of South Korea. ... Commuting is the process of travelling from a place of residence to a place of work. ... Yongsan Station is a major railway station in Seoul, South Korea. ... Yongsan-gu is a district of Seoul, South Korea. ... Yeongdeungpo-gu is a administrative district in Southwest Seoul, Korea . ... Cheongnyangni Station is the Seoul terminus for passenger trains serving the eastern part of South Korea. ... Dongdaemun-gu is one of the 25 gu (districts) of Seoul, South Korea. ...

Sister cities

Seoul has many sister cities. The year each relationship was formed is shown in parentheses below. This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... This article is about the city. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guam. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For the city and county of Honolulu, see City & County of Honolulu. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... For other uses, see Bogotá (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... NSW redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Peking redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mongolia. ... September 2004 Ulan Bator, or Ulaanbaatar (Улаанбаатар, [UlaÉ£an BaÉ£atar]) in Mongolian, is the capital of Mongolia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... Coordinates: Government  - Mayor Askar Mamin Population (estimated)  - City 600,000 Time zone BTT (UTC+6) This article is about the capital of Kazakhstan; for the article on the palace in Sarawak, see Astana (Sarawak); for the professional road-cycling team see Astana Team; for the Iranian city, see Astaneh-e... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Location within Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ...

See also

Map of South Korea South Korea is located in Eastern Asia, on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula jutting out from the far east of the Asian land mass. ... The Large Cities Climate Leadership Group is a group of cities committed to the reduction of urban carbon emissions and adapting to climate change. ... The mayor of Seoul is the head of government for Seoul, the capital and largest city of South Korea. ... This is a list of Wikipedia articles on Korea-related people, places, things, and concepts. ... Map of South Korea The largest cities in South Korea have self-governing status equivalent to that of provinces. ... This is a list of cities in Asia that have several different names in different languages, including former (e. ... The Seoul National Capital Area is a region located at the center of the Korean peninsula and is home to the capital of South Korea, Seoul. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Seoul Metropolitan Government - "A Clean, Attractive & Global City, Seoul!"
  2. ^ Cost of living - The world's most expensive cities. City Mayors.
  3. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/country_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT002800 BBC Weather - Country Guide
  4. ^ Park, Chung-a. "Foreign Population in Seoul Stands at 175,000", Korea Times, 2007-07-24. Retrieved on 2008-01-06. (English) 
  5. ^ World Bank reports, 2004
  6. ^ Richard Child Hill and June Woo Kim. GLOBAL CITIES & DEVELOPMENTAL STATES. Retrieved 27 June 2006.
  7. ^ http://www.iges.or.jp/en/ue/activity/mega-city/article/htm/far41.htm - Environment Report
  8. ^ Airport Service Excellence Awards for 2005. ACI (2006-03-07). Retrieved on 2006-08-25.
  9. ^ Airport of the Year 2006. World Airport Awards. Skytrax. Retrieved on 2007-02-25.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Airports Council International (ACI) is the leading international trade group of the worlds commercial aviation industry, based in Geneva, Switzerland. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Skytrax is a United Kingdom-based researching company for commercial airlines. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Look up Seoul in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ...

Official sites

Tourism and living information

  • Seoul travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Highlights of Seoul: by Korean National Tourism Organization

Maps and images
Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

  • Seoul Map Browser (from Seoul Metropolitan Government web site)
  • Seoul Photo Album
  • Seoul subway map (pdf in zip format)
  • Photos of Seoul, South Korea

Others

Coordinates: 37°32′60″N, 126°58′60″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



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