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Encyclopedia > Seong of Baekje
Seong of Baekje
Korean name
Hangul: 성왕
Hanja: 聖王
Revised Romanization: Seong-wang
McCune-Reischauer: Sŏng-wang

Seong (d. 554; reigned 523–554) ruled Baekje during the Three Kingdoms period of the Korean Peninsula. His name was Myeongnong(明穠) and he was a son of Muryeong of Baekje. In 538 he moved the capital of Baekje from Ungjin in present-day Gongju further south to Sabi in present-day Buyeo County, on the Geum River. Hangul is the native alphabet used to write the Korean language, as opposed to the Hanja system borrowed from China. ... Hanja (lit. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... McCune-Reischauer is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... Events The Byzantine general Narses reconquers all of Italy. ... Events August 13 - John succeeds Hormisdas as Pope. ... Baekje was a kingdom in southwestern Korea. ... The Three Kingdoms of Korea were Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, which dominated the Korean peninsula and parts of Manchuria for much of the 1st millennium CE. The Three Kingdoms period in Korea is usually considered to run from the 4th century CE until Sillas triumph over Goguryeo in 668. ... The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia. ... King Muryeong (462-523 r. ... Events End of the Kofun and beginning of the Asuka period, the second part of the Yamato period in Japan. ... Gongju (Gongju-si) is a city in South Chungcheong province, South Korea. ... Sabi was the capital of the Korean kingdom of Baekje from AD 538 until Baekjes fall to Silla in 660. ... Buyeo County (Buyeo_gun) is a county in South Chungcheong Province, South Korea. ... The Geum River is a river in South Korea. ...

He led a long campaign to regain the Han River valley, the former heartland of Baekje which had been lost to Goguryeo in 475. The old Baekje capital was regained in 551. The campaign culminated in 553 with victories in a series of costly assaults on Goguryeo fortifications. Silla troops, however, arriving on the pretense of offering assistance, attacked the exhausted Baekje army and took possession of the entire Han River valley. Incensed by this betrayal, the following year Seong launched a retaliatory strike against Silla's western border, but was killed in the resulting melée. The Han River located in South Korea, is the confluence of the South Han River, which originates in Mount Daedeok-san, and the North Han, which originates in Mount Geumgang-san. ... Goguryeo (also known as Koguryo; : Gāogōulí) (37 BC-668) was an empire in Manchuria and northern Korea. ... See also 475 (number) Events Orestes forces western Roman emperor Julius Nepos to flee and declares his son Romulus Augustus to be emperor. ... Events Jordanes publishes The Origin and Deeds of the Goths. ... Events The Ostrogoth Kingdom is conquered by the Byzantines after the Battle of Mons Lactarius. ... Silla (also denoted as Shilla) was one of the three kingdoms of ancient Korea. ...

Seong also maintained his country's diplomatic ties with Liang Dynasty China as well as Japan. He is credited with having sent a mission in 538 from Baekje to Japan that brought an image of Shakyamuni and several sutras to the Japanese court. This has traditionally been considered the official introduction of Buddhism to Japan. He sent tribute missions to Liang in 534 and 541, on the second occasion requesting artisans as well as various Buddhist works and a teacher. According to Chinese records, all these requests were granted. A subsequent mission was sent in 549, only to find the Liang capital in the hands of the rebel Hou Jing, who threw them in prison for lamenting the fall of the capital. Liang Dynasty 梁朝 (502-557) was the third of Southern dynasties in China, followed by the Chen Dynasty. ... Events End of the Kofun and beginning of the Asuka period, the second part of the Yamato period in Japan. ... Baekje was a kingdom in southwestern Korea. ... Standing Buddha, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE. Gautama Buddha was a South Asian spiritual leader who lived between approximately 563 BCE and 483 BCE. Born Siddhartha Gautama in Sanskrit, a name meaning descendant of Gotama whose aims are achieved/who is efficacious in achieving aims, he... Sutra (सूत्र) in Sanskrit is derived from the verb √siv, meaning to sew. ... Events January 1 - Decimus Theodorius Paulinus appointed consul, the last to hold this office in the West. ... Events January 1 - Flavius Basilius Junior appointed as consul in Constantinople, the last person to hold this office January 2 - Earthquake strikes Laodicea. ... Events Liang Jin Wen Di succeeds Liang Wu Di as ruler of the Liang Dynasty in China. ...

He was known as a great patron of Buddhism, and built many temples. Indeed, in 528 Baekje officially adopted Buddhism as its state religion. Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... Events February 13 - Justinian appoints a commission (including the jurist Tribonian) to codify all imperial laws that were still in force from Hadrian to the current date. ...

See also

This article is about the history of Korea. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... This is a list of Wikipedia articles on Korea-related people, places, things, and concepts. ...

Preceded by:
King Muryeong
Kings of Baekje
Succeeded by:
King Wideok

King Muryeong (462-523 r. ... Korea has been ruled by a number of kingdoms/empires and republics over the last several millennia. ...



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