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Encyclopedia > Sendai, Miyagi
Sendai City
仙台市
Location of Sendai City
Sendai City's location in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan.
Location
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Miyagi Prefecture
Physical characteristics
Area 788.09 km²
Population (as of 2005)
     Total 1,028,214
     Density 1305/km²
Location 38°16′ N 140°52′ E
Symbols
Tree Japanese zelkova
Flower Japanese clover
Symbol of Sendai City
Symbol of Sendai City
Sendai City Hall
Mayor Katsuhiko Umehara
Address 〒980-8671
Sendai-shi, Aoba-ku, Kokubun-cho 3-7-1
Phone number 022-261-1111
Official website: Sendai City

Coordinates: 38°16′ N 140°52′ E Altered from the Karakuwa-Miyagi. ... Miyagi Prefecture (宮城県; Miyagi-ken) is located in the Tōhoku Region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: country In political geography and international politics a country is a geographical territory. ... The regions of Japan are not official administrative units, but have been traditionally used as the regional division of Japan in a number of contexts: for example, maps and geography textbooks divide Japan into the eight regions, weather reports usually give the weather by region, and many businesses and institutions... Tohoku region, Japan The Tōhoku region (東北地方; Tōhoku-chihō) is a geographical area of Japan. ... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... Miyagi Prefecture (宮城県; Miyagi-ken) is located in the Tōhoku Region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Binomial name Zelkova serrata (Thunb. ... Clivia miniata right hereflowers. ... in addition, it is an invasive plant species, which is killing the other prairie plants in areas such as GReat Falls in Maryland Species Lespedeza angustifolia Lespedeza bicolor Lespedeza buergeri Lespedeza capitata Lespedeza chinensis Lespedeza cyrtobotrya Lespedeza cyrtobuergeri Lespedeza davidii Lespedeza davurica Lespedeza hirta Lespedeza homoloba Lespedeza intermedia Lespedeza intermixta... Download high resolution version (615x616, 6 KB)Traced in Inkscape, edited in the GIMP. This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ... An address is a code and abstract concept expressing the fixed location of a home, business or other building on the earths surface. ... A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits that uniquely indicates the network termination point. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



Sendai (仙台市 Sendai-shi?) is the capital city of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, and the largest city in the Tōhoku (northeast) region. The city has a population of one million and is one of Japan's 14 designated cities. The city was founded in 1600 by the daimyo Date Masamune, and is well known by its nickname, the "City of Trees" (杜の都 Mori no Miyako?). This article is about the Japanese municipality system. ... Miyagi Prefecture (宮城県; Miyagi-ken) is located in the Tōhoku Region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Tohoku region, Japan The Tōhoku region (東北地方; Tōhoku-chihō) is a geographical area of Japan. ... A city designated by government ordinance, or Government Ordinance City (政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi) is a city of Japan that has a population greater than 500,000 and important economic and industrial functions, and that is considered a major city in Japan. ... 1597 1598 1599 - 1600 - 1601 1602 1603 |- | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s |- | align=center | Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century |} // Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned at the... Daimyo Matsudaira Katamori visits the residence of a retainer. ... A modern equestrian statue of Masamune. ...

Contents


History

Although the Sendai area was inhabited as early as 20,000 years ago, the history of Sendai as a city begins from 1600, when the daimyo Date Masamune relocated to Sendai. 1597 1598 1599 - 1600 - 1601 1602 1603 |- | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s |- | align=center | Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century |} // Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned at the... Daimyo Matsudaira Katamori visits the residence of a retainer. ... A modern equestrian statue of Masamune. ...


Masamune was not happy with his previous stronghold, Iwadeyama. Iwadeyama was located to the north of his territories and was also difficult to access from Edo (modern-day Tokyo). Sendai was an ideal location, placed in the center of Masamune's newly defined territories, upon a major road from Edo, and near the sea. Tokugawa Ieyasu gave Masamune permission to build a new castle in Aobayama, Sendai after the Battle of Sekigahara. Aobayama was the location of a castle used by the previous ruler of the Sendai area. At this time, Sendai was written as 千代 (literally means "a thousand generations"), because a temple with a thousand Buddha statues (千体 sentai) used to be located in Aobayama. Masamune changed the kanji to 仙臺, which later became 仙台 (literally means "hermit on a platform"). The kanji was taken from a Chinese poem that praised a palace created by the Emperor Wen of Han China, comparing it to a mythical palace in the Kunlun Mountains. It is said that Masamune chose this kanji so the castle would prosper as long as a mountain inhabited by an immortal hermit. Masamune ordered the construction of Sendai Castle in December 1600 and the construction of the town of Sendai in 1601. The grid plan roads in present-day central Sendai are based upon his plans. Iwadeyama (岩出山町; -machi) is a town located in Tamatsukuri District, Miyagi, Japan. ... Edo (Japanese: 江戸, literally: bay-door, estuary, pronounced //), once also spelled Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of the Japanese capital Tokyo. ... Tokyo ) , literally eastern capital, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and includes the highly urbanized central area formerly known as the city of Tokyo which is the heart of the Greater Tokyo Area. ... Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu Tokugawa Ieyasu (previously spelled Iyeyasu); 徳川 家康 (January 31, 1543 – June 1, 1616) was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan which ruled from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. ... Combatants forces loyal to Toyotomi Hideyori forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu Commanders Ishida Mitsunari, others Tokugawa Ieyasu, others Strength 82,000 74,000 Casualties The Battle of Sekigahara or popularly known as the Realm Divide was a decisive battle on September 15, 1600 (on the ancient Chinese calendar, October 21 on... Japanese writing Kanji 漢字 Kana 仮名 Hiragana 平仮名 Katakana 片仮名 Manyogana 万葉仮名 Uses Furigana 振り仮名 Okurigana 送り仮名 Rōmaji ローマ字 Kanji (Japanese: ) are the Chinese characters that are used in the modern Japanese logographic writing system along with hiragana (平仮名), katakana (片仮名), arabic numerals, and the Roman alphabet. ... Emperor Wen of Han (202 BC–157 BC) was an emperor of the Han Dynasty in China. ... Region containing Kunlun Mountains The Kunlun mountain range (崑崙山) is one of the longest mountain chains in Asia, extending more than 3000 km. ... 1597 1598 1599 - 1600 - 1601 1602 1603 |- | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s |- | align=center | Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century |} // Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned at the... Events February 8 - Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Elizabeth I of England - revolt is quickly crushed February 25 - Robert Devereux beheaded Jesuit Matteo Ricci arrives in China Bad harvest in Russia due to rainy summer Dutch troops drive Portuguese from Málaga Battle of Kinsale, Ireland Births... A simple grid plan road map (Windermere, Florida). ...

Downtown Sendai from Sendai Castle's reconstructed guardhouse
Downtown Sendai from Sendai Castle's reconstructed guardhouse

Sendai was incorporated as a city on April 1, 1889, as a result of the abolition of the han system. At the time of incorporation, the city's area was 17.45 km² and its population was 86,000. However, the city grew through seven annexations that occurred from 1928 to 1988. The City became a designated city on April 1, 1989. The city's population exceeded one million in 1999. Image of downtown Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, from the vicinity of Sendai Castles reconstructed guard house. ... Image of downtown Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, from the vicinity of Sendai Castles reconstructed guard house. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Occurring in 1871, the abolition of the han system and establishment of the prefecture system (廃藩置県, haihan-chiken; hai abolish + han + chi set down + ken prefecture) was an act to replace the traditional han system and introduce new local government. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A city designated by government ordinance, or Government Ordinance City (政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi) is a city of Japan that has a population greater than 500,000 and important economic and industrial functions, and that is considered a major city in Japan. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Sendai became known as The City of Trees (杜の都 Mori no Miyako) at least before World War II. This was because the Sendai han encouraged residents to plant trees in their yards. As a result, many houses, temples, and shrines in central Sendai had household forests (屋敷林 yashikirin), which were used as resources for wood and other everyday materials. Air raids during World War II destroyed much of the greenery, and more was lost during the post-war rehabilitation and growth. Sendai is still well known as The City of Trees, but this is mainly because of massive efforts to restore greenery in the city. Combatants Allies: Poland, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, France/Free France, United States, China, Canada, India, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Greece, Norway, Honduras, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Hungary, Burma, Slovakia Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military... The Han ) were the fiefs of feudal clans of Japan that were created by Toyotomi Hideyoshi and existed until their abolition in 1871, three years after the Meiji Restoration. ...


Geography

The Hirose-gawa River, seen from the Otamaya-bashi Bridge
The Hirose-gawa River, seen from the Otamaya-bashi Bridge

Sendai is located at lat. 38°16'05" north, long. 140°52'11" east. The city's area is 788.09 km², and stretches from the Pacific Ocean to the Ou Mountains, which are the east and west borders of Miyagi Prefecture. As a result, the city's geography is quite diverse. Eastern Sendai is a plains area, the center of the city is hilly, and western areas are mountainous. The highest point in the city is Mt. Funagata which stands 1,500 m over sea level. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 323 KB)Image of the Hirose-gawa River in Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 323 KB)Image of the Hirose-gawa River in Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... The Ou Mountains (Japanese: 奥羽山脈 [おうう] ÅŒu-sammyaku) are a mountain range in the Tohoku Region of Honshu, Japan. ... Funagata volcano (船形火山) is a stratovolcano that consists of several different mountains. ...


The Hirose-gawa River flows 45 km through Sendai. The river is well-known as a symbol of Sendai, especially because it appears in the lyrics of Aobajō Koiuta (青葉城恋唄; literally, The Aoba Castle Love Song), a popular song sung by Sato Muneyuki. Sendai castle was built close to the river, intending to use it as a natural moat. The river frequently flooded until the 1950s, but dams and levees constructed in the 1960s and 1970s have made such floods rare. The river is now known for its exceptionally clean water and natural beauty, and was selected by Japan's Environment Agency as one of Japan's 100 Great Waters.


Most mountains in Sendai are dormant volcanoes, much older than the more famous Zao and Narugo volcanoes in nearby municipalities. However, many hot springs can be found in the city, indicating hydrothermal activity. The Miyagi Oki earthquake occurs offshore Sendai once every 25 to 40 years. The 2005 Miyagi earthquake, which occurred on August 16, 2005 had an epicenter close to the Miyagi Oki earthquake area. However, the Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion has concluded that it was not the Miyagi Oki earthquake, saying "...the recent event is not thought to be this earthquake. This is because the magnitude of the earthquake was small, and the source area, which was estimated from the aftershock distribution and seismic waves, did not cover the whole expected source region. Although, the recent event ruptured a part of the focal region of the expected earthquake." [1] Mount Zao a famous ski resort in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. ... Narugo volcano (鳴子火山) is a stratovolcano located in Naruko, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... Green Dragon Spring at Norris Geyser A hot spring is a place where warm or hot groundwater issues from the ground on a regular basis for at least a predictable part of the year, and is significantly above the ambient ground temperature (which is usually around 55~57°F or... Hydrothermal circulation in the oceans is the passage of the water through mid-ocean Ridge (MOR) systems. ... An earthquake is a phenomenon that results from and is powered by the sudden release of stored energy that radiates seismic waves. ... The 2005 Miyagi earthquake was a powerful earthquake that struck the east coast of the Japanese island of Honshu at 11. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Climate

Average temperature and precipitation in Sendai
Average temperature and precipitation in Sendai

Sendai is situated in a temperate climate zone and has a moderate climate. The city's average temperature is 12.1°C (53.8°F) and its average annual precipitation is 1,241.8 mm. The highest recorded temperature in the city is 36.8°C (98.2°F), and the lowest recorded temperature is -11.7°C (10.9°F). The average year has 16.8 days with a high temperature over 30°C and only 2.2 days with a low temperature below 0°C, which is smaller compared to other major Japanese cities. The city is rarely hit by typhoons, and experiences only 6 days with more than 10 cm of snowfall in the average year. Sendai's rainy season usually begins in late June to early July, which is later than most cities in Japan. Image File history File links Sendai_Climate. ... Image File history File links Sendai_Climate. ... In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... The wet season is a term commonly used when describing the weather in the tropics. ...


Demographics

As of 2005, the city has an estimated population of 1,028,214 and a density of 1,304.69 persons per km². The city's total area is 788.09 km². Most people in the city live in urban areas close to train and subway stations. The 2000 National Census revealed that 88.5% of the city's population (892,252 people) live in a 129.69 km² area, which is 16.6% of the city's total area. The population density in this area is 6,879.9 persons per km², which is more than 5 times higher than the city's population density at that time, 1,286.6 persons per km². Approximately 10,000 people in Sendai are non-Japanese citizens. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ...


Sendai has 444,514 households as of 2005. The average household has approximately 2.31 members. The average houshold is becoming smaller every year, because single-member households are increasing. Sendai has many people in their early 50s and in their 20s and early 30s compared to other age groups. This is a result of the first and second baby boom in Japan, and the presence of many young students that study in Sendai. The average age in Sendai is 38.4, which makes the city one of the youngest major cities in Japan. The household is the basic unit of analysis in many microeconomic and government models. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Wards

Sendai has 5 wards ("ku"), which were created when it became a designated city in 1989. The city consciously avoided names that included directions (e.g., north 北, center 中央) when it chose names for the new wards. A ku (区), translated as ward, is a district in a large Japanese city. ... A city designated by government ordinance, or Government Ordinance City (政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi) is a city of Japan that has a population greater than 500,000 and important economic and industrial functions, and that is considered a major city in Japan. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • Aoba-ku
  • Izumi-ku
  • Miyagino-ku
  • Taihaku-ku
  • Wakabayashi-ku

Aoba-ku is in the heart of Sendai. ... Izumi-ku is the northernmost ward of Sendai. ... Miyagino-ku (宮城野区) is a ward located in Sendai in Miyagi, Japan. ... Taihaku-ku (太白区) is a ward located in Sendai in Miyagi, Japan. ... Wakabayashi-ku (若林区) is a ward located in Sendai in Miyagi, Japan. ...

Politics

Sendai City Hall
Sendai City Hall

Sendai's political system is similar to other cities in Japan, because the Local Autonomy Law makes all municipalities uniform in terms of organization and power. However, Sendai is a designated city, so it has the same jurisdiction as prefectures in some areas. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 594 KB)Image of Sendai City Hall in Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 594 KB)Image of Sendai City Hall in Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... The Local Autonomy Law (地方自治法 Chihō-jichi-hō) of Japan was passed as Law No. ... The term prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) indicates the office, seat, territorial circonscription of a Prefect; consequentally, like that word, is its applied in English in relation to actual Prefects, whose title is just that (or the forms it takes in other, especially Romance, languages), in the broadest sense in...


Sendai's local government is essentially a mayor-council government with a strong mayor system. The mayor is elected from a citywide election. Sendai City Assembly members are elected from 5 elective districts, which correspond to the city's 5 wards. The number of assembly members allocated to each ward is based upon population. As of May 2005, the city has 60 assembly members; 17 from Aoba Ward, 11 from Miyagino, 8 from Wakabayashi, 13 from Taihaku, and 11 from Izumi. The City Assembly elects an Assembly Chairperson and Vice Chairperson. Sendai has two vice mayors, which are not elected by the populace. Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ...


Sendai is known to be a relatively liberal area, which tends to favor the Democratic Party in national elections. The Democratic Party of Japan ) is a liberal party in Japan. ...


Economy

Sendai is the center of the Tohoku region's economy, and is the base of the region's logistics and transportation. The city's economy heavily relies upon retail and services - the two industries provide approximately two thirds of the employment and close to half of the establishments. Look up Logistics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A drawing of a self-service store Retailing consists of the sale of goods/merchandise for personal or household consumption either from a fixed location such as a department store or kiosk, or away from a fixed location and related subordinated services (Definition of the WTO (last page). ... The service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ...


Sendai is frequently called a branch office economy, because very few major companies are headquartered in the city. Various authorities are cooperating to alleviate this problem, primarily by encouraging high-tech ventures from Tohoku University, which is well-known for its science and engineering departments. Several high-profile projects, such as the Sendai-Finland Wellbeing Center, have emerged from these attempts, but tangible results in the city's economy and employment are yet to be seen.


Tohoku Electric Power Co., Inc., a major regional supplier of electric power, has its headquarters in Sendai. Electric power is the amount of work done by an electric current in a unit time. ...


Transportation

JR Sendai Station
Enlarge
JR Sendai Station

JR Sendai Station is the center of transportation in the city. The station is served by eight JR lines and is a major station for the Tohoku and Akita Shinkansen lines. An underground passage connects the station to the Subway Sendai Station. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1632x1224, 469 KB) Sendai train station in Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1632x1224, 469 KB) Sendai train station in Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi. ... Yamanote Line, Tokyo JR Yamanote Line train in Tokyo, Japan Above Yurakucho in Tokyo East Japan Railway Company (東日本旅客鉄道 Higashi-Nihon Ryokyaku Tetsudo or JR東日本; JR Higashi-Nihon) (TYO: 9020) is a Japanese private railroad company, the largest passenger railway company in the world and one of the seven JR companies. ... Sendai Station Sendai Station (仙台駅) is the major railway hub of the Tohoku region in Japan, serving more passangers than any station outside Greater Tokyo Area. ... Tōhoku Shinkansen route Tōhoku Shinkansen (東北新幹線) is a high-speed rail line, connecting Tokyo with Hachinohe in Aomori Prefecture for a total length of 593 km, Japans longest Shinkansen line. ... Komachi at Omagari station. ...


Sendai has a North-South subway line, one of the most expensive in Japan with a basic fare starting at 200 yen. The city is starting the construction of an East-West line, scheduled for completion in 2015. The East-West line has been criticized for being excessively costly, based upon extremely optimistic estimates, and hostile to the natural environment. Proponents maintain that the new subway line is necessary to prevent urban sprawl, will decrease the city's environmental load by encouraging use of public transportation, and is based upon adequate estimates. The Sendai Shimin Ombudsman has filed a suit against the Mayor of Sendai to prevent construction fees from becoming approved. The suit is pending at the Sendai district courts. The Sendai City Subway Line (or Sendai City Underground Namboku Line as its officially known as) (仙台市営地下鉄南北線) is a subway line in Sendai connecting Izumi-chou Station in Izumi Ward, Sendai, with Tomizawa Station in Taihaku Ward, Sendai. ... ISO 4217 Code JPY User(s) Japan Inflation rate -0. ... Urban sprawl (also: suburban sprawl) is a term for the rapid and expansive growth of a greater metropolitan area, traditionally suburbs (or exurbs) over a large area. ... Skytrain Bangkok. ...


The city is served by Sendai Airport, which has international flights to several countries, and Sendai Port. Contrary to the name, the Sendai International Airport terminal is actually south of the city in neighboring Natori, and the 3000 metre main runway straddles the border between Natori and Iwanuma while a 1200 metre diagonal runway is located entirely within Iwanuma. A rail link to Sendai is under construction and is scheduled to open in late 2006. Sendai Airport (仙台空港) is an airport in Natori (near Sendai) ,Japan. ... Natori (名取市; -shi) is a city located in Miyagi, Japan. ...


Sendai is surrounded by a network of highways. The Tohoku Expressway runs north-south through western Sendai, and is interconnected to other highways, such as the Sendai Nambu Road, Sendai Tobu Road, Sanriku Expressway (Sendai-Matsushima Road), and Sendai Hokubu Road. Route of Tōhoku Expressway and Hachinohe Expressway The Tōhoku Expressway (東北自動車道 Tōhoku jidōsha-dō) is a divided highway in Japan. ...


Culture

Festivals

The Sendai Tanabata Festival
The Sendai Tanabata Festival

The most famous festival in Sendai is the Sendai Tanabata Festival, which attracts more than 2 million visitors every year and is the largest Tanabata Festival in Japan. The festival is relatively quiet compared to other traditional Japanese festivals, because its main attractions are the intricate Tanabata decorations. The Aoba Matsuri Festival follows more typical Japanese festival traditions, with a mikoshi, floats, a samurai parade, and traditional dancing. Local people burn their New Year decorations and pray for health in the new year during the Dontosai Festival, the oldest festival in Miyagi Prefecture. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (720x960, 507 KB)Image of Tanabata decorations, photographed during the Sendai Tanabata Festival, held at Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (720x960, 507 KB)Image of Tanabata decorations, photographed during the Sendai Tanabata Festival, held at Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... Stalls selling food or toys are a familiar sight at festivals throughout Japan. ... People dressed in yukata at Tanabata Tanabata (七夕, meaning Seven Evenings) is a Japanese star festival, derived from Obon traditions and the Chinese star festival, Qi Xi. ... This mikoshi enshrines Tokugawa Ieyasu at the Toshogu in Nikko A mikoshi (神輿、みこし) is a portable Shinto shrine that serves as the vehicle of a divine spirit in Japan at the time of a parade of deities. ... A float is a decorated platform, either built on a vehicle or towed behind one, which is a component of many festive parades, such as the Macys Thanksgiving Day Parade and the Tournament of Roses Parade. ... In ancient times, the Japanese New Year (正月 shōgatsu) followed the same lunisolar calendar as the Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese New Year (at the beginning of spring). ...


Various contemporary festivals also take place in Sendai, such as the Jōzenji Streetjazz Festival, the Michinoku Yosakoi Festival, and the Sendai Pageant of Starlights. The Jōzenji Streetjazz Festival is one of the largest amateur music festivals in Japan, with more than 500 groups participating in recent years. It began as a jazz festival in 1991, but soon began to accept applications from all genres. The festival is called a "Streetjazz" festival to indicate this fact. The Michinoku Yosakoi festival is a dance festival, derived from the Yosakoi Festival that takes place in Kochi. Trees in downtown Sendai are decorated with lights during the Sendai Pageant of Starlights. The event provided the idea for the Festival of Lights annually held in Riverside, Sendai's sister city. The festival has been criticized from environmentalists for its liberal use of electricity and the damage it causes to trees. Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in Western music technique and theory, and is marked by the profound cultural contributions of African Americans. ... Yosakoi (よさこい) is a unique style of dance found in Japan. ... A music festival is a festival that presents a number of musical performances usually tied together through a theme or genre. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Yosakoi. ... Kōchi (高知市 Kōchi-shi) is the capital city of Kochi on the Shikoku island of Japan. ... Riverside is the county seat of Riverside County, California, United States. ...


Sports

Although the Lotte Orions briefly used Sendai as a temporary franchise from 1973 to 1977, the city was largely ignored by professional sports until 1994. In this year, the Tohoku Electric Power football team was changed into a club team, Brummel Sendai, with the goal of eventually promoting the team into the J. League. The team achieved this goal when the J. League expanded in 1999 with the creation of a second division. The name of the team was simultaneously changed to Vegalta Sendai. Although the team has not been performing well in recent years, it is known for being exceptionally well supported by its fans. The Chiba Lotte Marines (千葉ロッテマリーンズ) is a professional baseball team in Japans Pacific League. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Japan Professional Football League ), or J. League ), is the top professional soccer league in Japan, and the most successful professional football league in Asia. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Vegalta Sendai (Japanese: ベガルタ仙台) is a Japanese professional soccer (football) club, currently playing in the J-league Division 2. ...


In 2005, the number of professional sports teams based in Sendai suddenly increased to three. The Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles was introduced as a new Pacific League baseball franchise after widely publicized turmoil involving the merger of the Kintetsu Buffaloes and the Orix Blue Wave developed into the first strike in Japanese professional baseball. Additionally, the Basketball Japan League, which will begin games in November 2005, will include the Sendai 89ers among its first six teams. The 89ers are still relatively unknown, even to natives of Sendai. The Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles (東北楽天ゴールデンイーグルス) is a baseball team founded in 2004 to begin play in 2005 in the Japanese Pacific League. ... The Pacific League (パシフィック・リーグ Pashifikku Riigu) is one of Japans two major professional baseball leagues (the other is the Central League). ... The Osaka Kintetsu Buffaloes (ja: 大阪近鉄バファローズ) was a Nippon Professional Baseball team based in Osaka, Japan, which were in the Pacific League. ... The Orix BlueWave (オリックスブルーウェーブ) is a baseball team in Kōbe, Japan, that plays in the Pacific League. ... Koshien Stadium (in 1992) Baseball has been a popular sport in Japan for over a century since its introduction in 1872. ...


Annual sporting events include the Sendai Cup, an international football tournament for U-18 teams, and the Sendai International Half Marathon. Various sporting venues can be found in Sendai, such as Sendai Stadium, Fullcast Stadium Miyagi, Sendai City Gymnasium, Izumigatake Ski Resort, Izumi Kogen Spring Valley Ski Resort, Sendai Highland, and Shellcom Sendai. The city is also known as the origin of figure skating in Japan. Tohoku Fukushi University and Sendai Ikuei Gakuen High School are well known for strong sports programs, the latter for baseball. In athletics, a half marathon is a race over half the distance of a marathon, i. ... Sendai stadium in Sendai City, northern Japan, is a soccer stadium with a capacity of 19,700. ... Fullcast Stadium Miyagi is a stadium in Sendai, Japan. ... Figure skating is an ice skating sporting event where individuals, mixed couples, or groups perform spins, jumps, and other moves on the ice, often to music. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Tohoku University. ... Hanshin Kōshien Stadium during the 1992 Kōshien tournament View from the Alps stands In Japan, high school baseball (高校野球: kōkō yakyū) generally refers to baseball tournaments played by high schools nationwide culminating at a final tournament at Hanshin Kōshien Stadium in Nishinomiya, Japan. ...


In 2006, Sendai will host some games of the Basketball World Championship 2006. Official logo The 2006 Basketball World Championship will be hosted by Japan in August and September 2006. ...


Museums

A sculpture commissioned through the City of Sculptures project
A sculpture commissioned through the City of Sculptures project

The Sendai City Museum displays various artifacts related to the Date family and the history of Sendai. Date Masamune's famous suit of armor and artifacts related to Hasekura Tsunenaga's visit to Rome are sometimes on display. Other historical artifacts can be seen in various temples and museums in the city, such as the Zuihoden Mausoleum. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 717 KB)Image of Jozenji-dori Avenue in Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 717 KB)Image of Jozenji-dori Avenue in Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... The Sendai City Museum. ... Hasekuras portrait during his mission in Rome in 1615, by Claude Deruet, Coll. ...


The Miyagi Museum of Art is Sendai's largest art museum. A total of 24 sculptures have been installed in various public locations in Sendai through its City of Sculptures project. The Tohoku University Museum of Natural History is the city's primary science museum, while the Sendai Children's Space Museum and the Sendai Science Museum mainly target children. Sendai is also home to various museums that deal with more specific topics, such as the Sendai Literature Museum, the Serizawa Keisuke Art Museum, and the Sendai Streetcar Museum.


Historical Sites

Sendai is home to various historical sites related to the Date family. The ruins of Sendai Castle are located close to downtown in Mt. Aoba, which also gives a panoramic view of the city. The Zuihoden Mausoleum is the grave of Date Masamune, and also is home to artifacts related to the Date Family. It is located on a hill called Kyogamine, which is the traditional resting place for members of the Date family. The Ōsaki Hachiman Shrine, built in 1607 by Date Masamune, is designated as a national treasure.


Newer historical sites include the former home of Doi Bansui, a famous lyricist, and a monument at Sendai City Museum that commemorates the Chinese writer Lu Xun. Another statue of Lu Xun can be found in the Tohoku University Katahira Campus, where Lu Xun studied medical science. Older historical sites include the Tōmizuka Tomb, a historical tomb that dates back to the late 4th century or early 5th century, and the Tomizawa Site Museum, which is built directly above a 20,000-year-old stone age excavation site. Lu Xun (Traditional Chinese: 魯迅; Simplified Chinese: 鲁迅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Lu Hsün) or Lu Hsün (Wade-Giles) (September 25, 1881 – October 19, 1936), the pen name of Zhou Shuren (Traditional Chinese: 周樹人; Simplified Chinese: 周树人; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōu Shùrén), has been considered one of the most influential...


Natural Sites

Western Sendai is home to many sites of natural beauty, much of them found around Akiu and Sakunami, which are both hot spring resorts. Sites around the Akiu area include the Akiu Otaki Falls, sometimes counted as one of Japan's three great waterfalls, and the Rairai Gorge, known for its autumn colors. The Futakuchi Gorge contains several waterfalls that have been designated as natural monuments and the Banji Cliffs, an example of columnar basalt. Outdoor pool, Naruko Outdoor Onsen on Nakanoshima island in Nachikatsuura, Wakayama Prefecture Old onsen in Hakone An private outdoor rotenburo in Gorakadan Guidebook to Hakone from 1811 This rotenburo at Jigokudani Onsen is for Japanese Macaques. ... Basalt Basalt is a common gray to black volcanic rock. ...


The Sakunami area is also known for its natural beauty, with cherry blossoms in the spring, and beautiful colors in the autumn. The nearby Hōmei Shijuhachi Taki Falls is the name of various waterfalls found in the higher reaches of the Hirosegawa River. The origins of the name "Hōmei" (鳳鳴; literally, Chinese phoenix cry) is said to be because ancient people said the sound of the waterfalls was similar to the legendary bird's call. Species Prunus jamasakura Prunus serrulata Prunus x yedoensis Sakura (Japanese kanji: æ¡œ or æ«»; katakana: サクラ) is the Japanese name for ornamental cherry trees, Prunus serrulata, and their blossoms. ... Fenghuang sculpture, Nanning city, Guangxi province. ...


Many places close to downtown Sendai are full of nature. The Tatsunokuchi Gorge offers a breathtaking view, petrified wood can be found next to the nearby Otamaya-bashi bridge, and many locals enjoy cherry blossoms at Nishi park and Tsutsujigaoka park. The Hirose-gawa River and the Gamo Tideland are both home to diverse wildlife. Sendai City Hall has created a list of 100 places in the city with beautiful greenery and nature (in Japanese). Petrified log at the Petrified Forest National Park A petrified tree from California Petrified wood is a type of fossil, in which the tissues of a dead plant are replaced with minerals (most often a silicate, such as quartz). ...


Specialties and Crafts

Sendai is the origin of several foods, including gyutan (牛タン, cow tongue, usually grilled), hiyashi chūka (cold chinese noodles), and robatayaki (Japanese-style barbecue). However, robatayaki was later introduced to Kushiro, which developed and popularized the dish. As a result, many people believe Kushiro is the origin of Robatayaki. Zundamochi (ずんだ餅, mochi balls with sweet, bright green edamame paste), and sasakamaboko (笹かまぼこ, kamaboko shaped like bamboo leaves) are also considered to be Sendai specialties. Sendai is also known for good sashimi, sushi, and sake. This is because Sendai is near to several major fishing ports, such as Kesennuma, Ishinomaki, and Shiogama, and the fact that Miyagi Prefecture is a major producer of rice. Although Sendai is often said to be the origin of conveyor belt sushi, it was actually created in Osaka. However, the first conveyor belt sushi store in eastern Japan opened in Sendai. Gyutan (牛タン), is a Japanese cuisine that is made from grilled beef tongue. ... Kushiro (釧路市; Kushiroshi) is a city located in Kushiro, Hokkaido, Japan. ... Mochi is a Japanese food. ... Kamaboko (蒲鉾) is a variety of Japanese processed seafood products in which various white fish are pureed, formed into distinctive loaves, and then steamed until fully cooked and firm in texture. ... Assorted sashimi Sashimi (Japanese: 刺身, lit. ... In Japanese cuisine, sushi (Japanese: is a food made of vinegared rice combined with various toppings or fillings. ... Sake barrels at Itsukushima Shrine Sake (Japanese: é…’; pronounced IPA: ) is a Japanese word meaning alcoholic beverage, which in English has come to refer to a specific alcoholic beverage brewed mainly from rice, and known in Japan as nihonshu (日本酒 Japanese alcohol). This article uses the word sake as it is used... Iwasaki Blowhole, in southern Kesennuma Kesennuma (気仙沼市; -shi) is a city located in Miyagi, Japan. ... Ishinomaki (石巻市; -shi) is a city located in Miyagi, Japan. ... Shiogama (塩竈市; -shi) is a city located in Miyagi, Japan. ... Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Rice refers to two species (Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima) of grass, native to tropical and subtropical southeastern Asia and to Africa, which together provide more than one fifth of the calories consumed by humans[1]. Rice is an annual plant, growing to 1-1. ... A conveyor belt sushi restaurant. ... Osaka Castle (ÅŒsaka-jō) Location in Japan Osaka Aquarium (Kaiyukan) Osaka railway station The Osaka Tower (TsÅ«tenkaku) Osaka City   listen? (大阪市; ÅŒsaka-shi) is the third-largest city in Japan, with a population of 2. ...


Many crafts from Sendai were originally created under the influence of the Date family during the Edo period. Examples are Sendai Hira, a hand woven silk fabric, Tsutsumiyaki pottery, and Yanagiu Washi paper. However, some crafts, such as umoregi zaiku (crafts created from fossil wood) were developed by low-ranking Samurai who needed side jobs to survive. Kokeshi dolls were popularized by hot spring resorts that sold them as gifts. Some relatively recent developments include Sendai Tsuishu lacquerware and Tamamushinuri lacquerware, both which were developed after the Meiji Restoration. The Edo period (Japanese: 江戸時代, Edo-jidai), also called Tokugawa period, is a division of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1867. ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ... The Sugiharagami (杉原紙), a kind of Washi Washi (和紙) or Wagami is a type of paper made in Japan. ... Kokeshi dolls Kokeshi (jap. ... In a general sense, lacquer is a clear or colored coating, that dries by solvent evaporation only and that produces a hard, durable finish that can be polished to a very high gloss, and gives the illusion of depth. ... The Meiji Restoration (Japanese: 明治維新, Meiji-ishin), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to a change in Japans political and social structure. ...


Other Sites of Interest

Sendai Mediatheque, a building designed by Toyo Ito
Sendai Mediatheque, a building designed by Toyo Ito

Sendai Mediatheque is a multipurpose facility that houses the city library, galleries, and film studio facilities open for use by the general public. The building was designed by Toyo Ito and is known for its innovative architecture. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 526 KB)Image of Sendai Mediatheque, a building in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 526 KB)Image of Sendai Mediatheque, a building in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. ... Sendai Mediatheque, a building in Sendai designed by Toyo Ito Toyo Ito (1941-) is considered one of the worlds most innovative and influential architects (Designboom). ... Sendai Mediatheque, a building in Sendai designed by Toyo Ito Toyo Ito (1941-) is considered one of the worlds most innovative and influential architects (Designboom). ...


The AER Building, the Miyagi Prefectural Office, and the SS30 Building are all relatively high buildings in downtown Sendai that offer panoramic views. The Sendai Daikannon is an approximately 100 meter high Kannon statue. The statue was built during Japan's bubble economy by a now defunct company. Although it is possible to enjoy a panoramic view from the statue, it is disliked by many locals, partially because it looks rather out of place in the middle of a residential district, and partially because most people see the statue as a symbol of greed, not faith. Kuan Yin (觀音; Pinyin: Guān Yīn) is the bodhisattva of compassion as venerated by East Asian Buddhists, usually as a female. ... Currier & Ives print on economic bubbles, 1875. ...


Churches


There are several Christian Churches in Sendai. Most central among churches where English is spoken are Mototerakoji Catholic Church (022-222-5507), within walking distance of Sendai Station; and the Evangelical Sendai English Fellowship (022-279-6625), which meets in a Baptist church right next to Kita Yobancho subway station (Exit N2).


Education

Sendai is sometime called an "Academic City" (学都; gakuto) because the city has many universities compared to its population. Tohoku University is the center of the city's higher education. The university was one of the seven Japanese imperial universities and was ranked as the best Asian multi-disciplinary university in a 1999 Asiaweek survey. Tohoku University (東北大学; Tōhoku Daigaku, abbreviated as 東北大 Tōhokudai), located in the city of Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture in the Tohoku region, is one of Japans most prestigious national universities. ... The title Imperial university should literally denote a university established under an empire, however many universities have adopted the title simply to add a sense of prestige or lineage. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Another of Sendai's universities is Tohoku Gakuin University. Also in the city are Sendai Shirayuri Women's College, Tohoku Seikatsu Bunka College, Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University, a campus of Miyagi University, Miyagi Gakuin Women's University, Miyagi University of Education, and Miyagi Agriculture College. Tohoku Gakuin University (東北学院大学) is a private university in Sendai, Japan. ...


Sister / Friendship Cities

International Sister and Friendship cities

Sendai has a long history of international sister city relationships. Its affiliation with Riverside on March 9, 1957 is the second oldest sister Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept where towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Riverside is the county seat of Riverside County, California, United States. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
JNTO Website | Find a Location | Miyagi | Sendai (360 words)
Sendai City, situated in the center of Miyagi Prefecture, is the largest city in the Tohoku region(the northeastern region) and has prospered as the capital of the Dates' fief since Date Masamune reigned over this district and built the Aoba Castle at the beginning of the 17th century.
The street lined with rows of zelkova trees which extends westward from JR Sendai Station, is Aoba-dori Street, the main street of Sendai, which is known as "The City of Trees".
The Tanabata-matsuri Festival is based on the Chinese seventh of July legend in which the Kengyu(a cowherd), the star Altair and the Orihime(a weaver), the star Vega appear on either side of the Milky Way and the cross the bridge of magpie's wings to the Milky Way to meet once a year.
Sendai, Miyagi Summary (3568 words)
Sendai was incorporated as a city on April 1, 1889, as a result of the abolition of the han system.
Sendai is known to be a relatively liberal area, which tends to favor the Democratic Party in national elections.
Sendai is the center of the Tohoku region's economy, and is the base of the region's logistics and transportation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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