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Encyclopedia > Senaya language

The Senaya language is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. It is the language of Aramaic-speaking Christians originally from Sanandaj in Iranian Kurdistan. Most Senaya speakers now live in Tehran and are members of the Chaldean Catholic Church. Aramaic is a Semitic language with a 3,000-year history. ... Syriac is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... Sanandaj (in Persian: سنندج) is the capital of the Iranian province of Kurdistan, which is situated in the western part of Iran bordering Iraq. ... Kurdistan Province, Iran Kurdistan Province, Ottoman Empire see also: Kurdistan This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Tehran (also spelled Teheran, which more correctly reflects the Persian pronunciation) (تهران in Persian), population 9,000,000 (metropolitan: 14,000,000), and a land area of 254 square miles, is the capital of Iran and one of the major world cities. ... The Chaldean Catholic Church is an Eastern Rite church, retaining autonomy and distinct identity within the Catholic Communion while remaining in full communion with the Pope in Rome. ...

Senaya ('ܣܢܝܐ [Senâya] or ܣܘܪܝ [Soray]')
Spoken in: Iran, western Europe, Australia, USA
Region: Tehran and Qazvin
Total speakers: 500
Ranking: Not in top 100
Genetic classification: Afro-Asiatic

 Semitic
  Central Semitic
   Aramaic
    Eastern Aramaic
     Central
      Northeastern
       Senaya Western Europe is distinguished from Eastern Europe by differences of history and culture rather than by geography. ... Tehran (also spelled Teheran, which more correctly reflects the Persian pronunciation) (تهران in Persian), population 9,000,000 (metropolitan: 14,000,000), and a land area of 254 square miles, is the capital of Iran and one of the major world cities. ... Qazvin is an ancient city containing fine examples of Iranian architecture from various ages. ... This page attempts to present a list of languages by total native speakers. ... Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families (families hereforth). ... Map showing the distribution of Afro-Asiatic languages The Afro-Asiatic languages are a language family of about 240 languages and 285 million people widespread throughout North Africa, East Africa, the Sahel, and Southwest Asia. ... The Semitic languages are the northeastern subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic languages, and the only family of this group spoken in Asia. ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a 3,000-year history. ...

Official status
Official language of: None
Regulated by: None
Language codes
ISO 639-1
ISO 639-2 syr
SIL SYN
See also: LanguageList of languages
Contents

2.1 References
2.2 Internal links
2.3 External links
ISO 639 is one of several international standards that lists short codes for language names. ... SIL International is a non-profit, faith-based, scientific organization with the main purpose to study, develop and document lesser-known languages for the purpose of expanding linguistic knowledge, promoting world literacy and aiding minority language development. ... This list of languages is alphabetical by English name. ...

Origin, history and use today

The city of Sanandaj is at the southeastern periphery of the area of spoken modern Aramaic languages. Its geography makes the Neo-Aramaic of Sanandaj quite distinct from other dialects. Two different colloquial Aramaic dialects developed in Sanandaj: Jewish Hulaula and Christian Senaya. The two languages developed along different lines, so that the two are not mutually comprehensible. One distinctive difference between the two is the sound change associated with the Middle Aramaic fricative θ (th), often rendered as l in Hulaula, and s in Senaya. For example, mîθa, 'dead', is mîsa in Senaya, and mîla in Hulaula. Sanandaj (in Persian: سنندج) is the capital of the Iranian province of Kurdistan, which is situated in the western part of Iran bordering Iraq. ... Hulaulá is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called Neo-Aramaic or Judeo-Aramaic. ...


Most Senaya speakers are members of the Chaldean Catholic Church, which broke away from the Assyrian Church of the East in the 16th century and entered into communion with the Roman Catholic Church. However, Senaya is incomprehensible to speakers of Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, also Chaldean Catholics, originally from Iraq. In the middle of the 20th century, the Chaldean Bishop of Senna (as Sanandaj is called in Senaya) was moved to Tehran. The Christian community soon followed, so that there are no native speakers of Senaya left in Sanandaj. In Tehran, Senaya has been heavily influenced by the Urmežnâya dialect of Assyrian Neo-Aramaic spoken by the larger Assyrian community. Both church communities use classical Syriac in worship. Senaya is written in the Madnhâyâ version of the Syriac alphabet, which is also used for classical Syriac. The Chaldean Catholic Church is an Eastern Rite church, retaining autonomy and distinct identity within the Catholic Communion while remaining in full communion with the Pope in Rome. ... The Assyrian Church of the East is a church that traces its origins to the See of Babylon, said to be founded by Saint Thomas the Apostle. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The Roman Catholic Church is the largest religious denomination of Christianity with over one billion members. ... Chaldean Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Tehran (also spelled Teheran, which more correctly reflects the Persian pronunciation) (تهران in Persian), population 9,000,000 (metropolitan: 14,000,000), and a land area of 254 square miles, is the capital of Iran and one of the major world cities. ... Assyrian Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... Syriac is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ...


Appendices

References

  • Heinrichs, Wolfhart (ed.) (1990). Studies in Neo-Aramaic. Scholars Press: Atlanta, Georgia. ISBN 1-55540-430-8.

Internal links

Aramaic is a Semitic language with a 3,000-year history. ... Assyrian Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... The Chaldean Catholic Church is an Eastern Rite church, retaining autonomy and distinct identity within the Catholic Communion while remaining in full communion with the Pope in Rome. ... Chaldean Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ... Syriac is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ...

External links

  • Ethnologue report for Senaya (http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=SYN).


Modern Aramaic languages

Jewish Neo-Aramaic languages
Lishanid Noshan | Bijil Neo-Aramaic | Hulaula | Lishana Deni | Lishan Didan
Christian Neo-Aramaic languages
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic | Bohtan Neo-Aramaic | Chaldean Neo-Aramaic | Hertevin | Koy Sanjaq Surat | Mlahso | Senaya | Turoyo
Other Neo-Aramaic languages
Western Neo-Aramaic | Mandaic Aleph in Imperial Aramaic Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. This image is ineligible for copyright and therefore in the public domain, because it consists entirely of information that is common property and contains no original authorship. ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a 3,000-year history. ... Source, copyright File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Lishanid Noshan is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called Neo-Aramaic or Judeo-Aramaic. ... Bijil Neo-Aramaic is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called Neo-Aramaic or Judeo-Aramaic. ... Hulaulá is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called Neo-Aramaic or Judeo-Aramaic. ... Lishana Deni is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called Neo-Aramaic or Judeo-Aramaic. ... Lishán Didán is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called Neo-Aramaic or Judeo-Aramaic. ... Assyrian Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... Bohtan Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... Chaldean Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... The Hértevin language is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... Koy Sanjaq Surat is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... Mlahsö is a Modern West Syriac language, a dialect of Aramaic. ... Turoyo is a Modern West Syriac language, a dialect of Aramaic. ... Western Neo-Aramaic is a Modern Aramaic language. ... The Mandaic language is the liturgical language of the Mandaean religion; a vernacular form is still spoken by a small community in Iran around Ahwaz. ...


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