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Encyclopedia > Semyon Timoshenko
Marshal of the Soviet Union Semyon Timoshenko

Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko (Russian: Семён Константинович Тимошенко) (February 6 O.S (February 18 N.S.), 1895-March 31, 1970), Soviet military commander, was the senior professional officer of the Red Army at the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... In Britain and countries of the British Empire, Old Style or O.S. after a date means that the date is in the Julian calendar, in use in those countries until 1752; New Style or N.S. means that the date is in the Gregorian calendar, adopted on 14 September... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... In Britain and countries of the British Empire, Old Style or O.S. after a date means that the date is in the Julian calendar, in use in those countries until 1752; New Style or N.S. means that the date is in the Gregorian calendar, adopted on 14 September... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining, as the final day of March. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Russian: (СССР)  listen; tr. ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Timoshenko was born into a peasant family at Frumanka, near Odessa in southern Ukraine, and was drafted into the army of the Russian Empire in 1915. He served as a cavalryman on the western front, and on the outbreak of the Russian Revolution in 1917 he sided with the revolutionaries, joining the Red Army in 1918 and the Bolshevik Party in 1919. ODESSA (German for Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen; The Organization of Former SS-Members) was an alleged Nazi fugitive network set up towards the end of World War II by a group of SS officers. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The phrase Russian Revolution can refer to three specific events in the history of Imperial Russia. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For other usage of the initials CPSU see CPSU (disambiguation). ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


During the Russian Civil War Timoshenko fought on various fronts, but most importantly at Tsaritsyn (later renamed Stalingrad), where he met Joseph Stalin and became a friend and supporter, thus ensuring the rapid advancement of his career. In 1920-21 he served in the 1st Cavalry Army under Semyon Budyonny, and these two became the core of the "Cavalry Army clique" which dominated the Red Army with Stalin's patronage for many years. The Russian Civil War was fought between 1918 and 1920. ... Stalingrad is the former name of two cities: Volgograd, Russia Karviná-Nové Město, near Ostrava, Czech Republic Other uses: The Battle of Stalingrad (a major turning-point of World War II and arguably the bloodiest battle in human history) Stalingrad (German film set during the above battle) Stalingrad (metro station... Iosif (usually Anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Semyon Budyonny Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny (also spelled Budennii, Budenny, Budyenny etc, Russian: Семён Михайлович Будённый) (April 25, 1883 - October 26, 1973), Soviet military commander, was a favourite of Soviet ruler Joseph Stalin, a fact which led to one of modern historys greatest military catastrophes. ...


After the Civil War, Timoshenko was commander of the Red Army cavalry forces, then successively Red Army commander in Belarus (1933), Kiev (1935), the North Caucasus (1937), Kharkov (1937), and Kiev again (1938). In 1939 he became commander of the whole western border region, and commanded the Soviet occupation of eastern Poland in September 1939. At this time he also became a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. ... 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Caucasus is a region in West Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Kharkov (rus: Ха́рьков) or Kharkiv (ukr: Ха́рків) is the second largest city in Ukraine, a center of Kharkivska oblast. It is situated in the northeast of the country and has a population of two million. ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The 16th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China meets in 2002 The Central Committee is a leading body of an organization, most often a political party, especially Communist parties. ... ...


These were the years of Stalin's Great Purge, which saw the executions of three of the five Marshals of the Soviet Union: Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Aleksandr Yegorov, and Vasily Blyukher. Since the remaining Marshals, Budyonny and Kliment Voroshilov, were Stalin's cronies with no great abilities, Timoshenko was left as the Red Army's senior professional soldier. The Great Purge is the name given to campaigns of repression in the Soviet Union during the late 1930s which included a purge of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Semyon Timoshenko in dress uniform The rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union (Russian: Marshal Sovietskogo Soyuza, Маршал Совет́ского Союза) was in practice the highest military rank of the Soviet Union. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Mikhail Tukhachevsky Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (also spelled Tukhachevski, Tukhachevskii, Russian: Михаил Николаевич Тухачевский) (February 16, 1893 - June 11, 1937), Soviet military commander, was one of the most prominent victims of Stalins Great Purge of the late 1930s. ... Russian: Александр Ильич Егоров) (October 13, 1883–February 22, 1939), Soviet military commander, was a prominent victim of Stalins Great Purge of the late 1930s. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Vasily Blyukher Vasily Konstantinovich Blyukher (also spelled Blücher, Blukher, Bliukher etc, Russian: Василий Константинович Блюхер) (November 19, 1889 - November 9, 1938), Soviet military commander, was among the prominent victims of Stalins Great Purge of the late 1930s. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Kliment Voroshilov Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov () (January 23, 1881 - December 2, 1969) was a Soviet military commander and politician. ...


In January 1940 Timoshenko took charge of the Soviet armies fighting Finland in the Soviet-Finnish War, which had begun the previous November and had been disastrously conducted by Voroshilov. Under Timoshenko's leadership the Soviets succeeded in breaking through the Finnish Mannerheim Line of defence on the Karelian Isthmus. In March Finns signed peace with USSR. This established Timoshenko's reputation, and in May 1940 he became People's Commissar for Defence and a Marshal of the Soviet Union. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Winter War (also known as the Russo-Finnish War) broke out when the Soviet Union attacked Finland on November 30, 1939, three months after the start of World War II. As a consequence, the Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations on December 14th. ... The Mannerheim Line was a defensive fortification line on the Karelian Isthmus built by Finland against the Soviet Union. ... See Karelia (disambiguation) for other meanings of the name Karelia. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... From 1919 to 1946, functions of ministers in the government of Russia and, later, the Soviet Union were performed by Peoples Commissars (Russian title: Narodny Komissar, or Narkom). ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Semyon Timoshenko in dress uniform The rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union (Russian: Marshal Sovietskogo Soyuza, Маршал Совет́ского Союза) was in practice the highest military rank of the Soviet Union. ...


Timoshenko was a competent but traditionalist military commander, who saw the urgent need to modernise the Red Army if it was to fight the expected war against Nazi Germany. He succeeded in overcoming the opposition of conservatives and undertook the mechanisation of the army and the production of more tanks. He also re-introduced much of the traditional harsh discipline of the Tsarist Russian Army. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Mechanization refers to the use of powered machinery to help a human operator in some task. ...


When the Germans invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, Stalin took over the post of Defence Commissar and sent Timoshenko to the central front, where he conducted a fighting retreat from the border to Smolensk, suffering huge casualties but saving the bulk of his army for the defence of Moscow. In September, however, he was transferred to Ukraine, where the Red Army had suffered 1.5 million casualties in the great encirclements at Uman and Kiev. Here he succeeded in stabilising the front. 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The view of Smolensk in 1912 Smolensk (Russian: Смоленск; Polish Smoleńsk) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dniepr river at 54. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Maskvá  listen), capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. ...


In May 1942 Timoshenko, with 640,000 men, launched a counter-offensive at Kharkov, the first Soviet attempt to regain the initiative. After initial Soviet successes, the Germans struck back at Timoshenko's exposed southern flank. The Soviet offensive was halted with more than 200,000 casualties. Although the offensive slowed the German advance on Stalingrad, Timoshenko had to accept responsibility for its failure. 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Kharkov (rus: Ха́рьков) or Kharkiv (ukr: Ха́рків) is the second largest city in Ukraine, a center of Kharkivska oblast. It is situated in the northeast of the country and has a population of two million. ... Stalingrad is the former name of two cities: Volgograd, Russia Karviná-Nové Město, near Ostrava, Czech Republic Other uses: The Battle of Stalingrad (a major turning-point of World War II and arguably the bloodiest battle in human history) Stalingrad (German film set during the above battle) Stalingrad (metro station...


General Georgy Zhukov's success in defending Moscow in December 1941 persuaded Stalin that he was a better commander than Timoshenko. In 1942 Stalin removed Timoshenko from front-line command, and he was given roles as overall commander of the Stalingrad (June 1942), North-Western (October 1942), Leningrad (June 1943), Caucasus (June 1944), and Baltic (August 1944) fronts. Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgi Zhukov Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (Russian: Гео́ргий Константи́нович Жу́ков) (December 1, 1896 - June 18, 1974), Soviet military commander and politician, considered by many as one of the most successful field commanders of World War II. Prewar career Born into a peasant family in Strelkovka, Maloyaroslavets... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Stalingrad is the former name of two cities: Volgograd, Russia Karviná-Nové Město, near Ostrava, Czech Republic Other uses: The Battle of Stalingrad (a major turning-point of World War II and arguably the bloodiest battle in human history) Stalingrad (German film set during the above battle) Stalingrad (metro station... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... The Caucasus is a region in West Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Baltic can refer to: The Baltic Sea Council of the Baltic Sea States - an intergovernmental organization Baltic sea countries - countries with access to the Baltic Sea The term Baltic countries is sometimes used more or less synonymously for Northern Europe (Russia not included) The Baltic region (Balticum) Baltic States - the... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After the war Timoshenko was Soviet Army commander in Belarus (March 1946), the South Urals (June 1946), and Belarus again (March 1949). In 1960 he was appointed Inspector-General of the Defence Ministry, a largely honorary post, and from 1961 he chaired the State Committee for War Veterans. He died in Moscow in 1970. 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Ural Mountains, (Russian: Ура́льские го́ры = Ура́л) also known simply as the Urals, are a mountain range that run roughly north and south through western Russia. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year—i. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Semyon Timoshenko - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (753 words)
Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko (Russian: Семён Константинович Тимошенко) (February 6 O.S (February 18 N.S. March 31, 1970), Soviet military commander, was the senior professional officer of the Red Army at the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941.
Timoshenko was born into a peasant family at Frumanka, near Odessa in southern Ukraine, and was drafted into the army of the Russian Empire in 1915.
Timoshenko was a competent but traditionalist military commander, who saw the urgent need to modernise the Red Army if it was to fight the expected war against Nazi Germany.
Semyon Timoshenko - definition of Semyon Timoshenko in Encyclopedia (713 words)
Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko (Russian: Семён Константинович Тимошенко) (February 6, 1895-March 31, 1970), Soviet military commander, was the senior professional officer of the Red Army at the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941.
After the Civil War Timoshenko was commander of the Red Army cavalry forces, then successively Red Army commander in Belarus (1933), Kiev (1935) and the North Caucasus (1937), Kharkov (1937) and Kiev again (1938).
Under Timoshenko's leadership the Soviets succeeded in breaking through the Finnish Mannerheim Line of defense on the Karelian Isthmus and forcing the Finns to sue for peace.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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