|Brain: Semioval center |
|Dissection of cortex and brain-stem showing association fibers and island of Reil after removal of its superficial gray substance. |
|Latin ||centrum semiovale |
|NeuroNames ||hier-172 |
|Dorlands/Elsevier ||c_20/12227363 |
The semioval center is the white matter found underneath the grey matter on the surface of the cerebrum. The term is synonymous with cerebral white matter. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...
Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...
NeuroNames is a system of nomenclature for the brain and related structures. ...
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White matter is one of the two main solid components of the central nervous system. ...
Grey matter is a major component of the central nervous system, consisting of nerve cell bodies and short nerve cell extensions/processes (axons and dendrites). ...
For other articles about other subjects named brain see brain (disambiguation). ...
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An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body (or Grays Anatomy as it has more commonly become known) is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...
Brain: telencephalon (cerebrum, cerebral cortex, cerebral hemispheres)
|Primary sulci/fissures ||Medial longitudinal, Lateral, Central, Parietoöccipital, Calcarine, Cingulate, Callosal |
|Frontal lobe ||Precentral gyrus (Primary motor cortex, 4), Precentral sulcus, Superior frontal gyrus (6, 8), Middle frontal gyrus (46), Inferior frontal gyrus (Broca's area, 44-Pars opercularis, 45-Pars triangularis), Prefrontal cortex (Orbitofrontal cortex, 9, 10, 11, 12, 47) - Gyrus rectus |
|Parietal lobe ||Postcentral sulcus, Postcentral gyrus (1, 2, 3, 43), Superior parietal lobule (5), Inferior parietal lobule (39-angular gyrus, 40), Precuneus (7), Intraparietal sulcus, Marginal sulcus |
|Occipital lobe ||Primary visual cortex (17), Cuneus, Lingual gyrus, 18, 19 (18 and 19 span whole lobe) - Lateral occipital sulcus |
|Temporal lobe ||Transverse temporal gyrus (41-42-Primary auditory cortex), Superior temporal gyrus (38, 22-Wernicke's area), Middle temporal gyrus (21), Inferior temporal gyrus (20), Fusiform gyrus (36, 37) |
|Limbic lobe/Fornicate gyrus ||Cingulate cortex/Cingulate gyrus, anterior cingulate (24, 32, 33), Posterior cingulate (23, 31), |
Isthmus (26, 29, 30), Parahippocampal gyrus (Perirhinal cortex, 25, 27, 35), Entorhinal cortex (28, 34) - Archicortex (Supracallosal gyrus) - Uncus
|Subcortical/insular cortex ||Rhinencephalon, Olfactory bulb, Olfactory tract, Corpus callosum (Splenium, Genu, Rostrum, Tapetum), Lateral ventricles (Calcar avis), Septum pellucidum, Ependyma, Internal capsule, Corona radiata, External capsule, Fornix (Commissure of fornix), Anterior commissure, Posterior commissure |
|Hippocampal formation ||Dentate gyrus - Hippocampus - Alveus - Fimbria - Subiculum |
|Basal ganglia ||Striatum (Caudate nucleus, Putamen), Lentiform nucleus (Putamen, Globus pallidus), Claustrum, Extreme capsule, Amygdala, Nucleus accumbens |
|other ||Terminal stria - Paracentral lobule - Collateral fissure - Semioval center - Septal nuclei - Basal optic nucleus of Meynert - Anterior olfactory nucleus |
|Some categorizations are approximations, and some Brodmann areas span gyri. |