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Encyclopedia > Semey
NASA satellite photo of Semey
NASA satellite photo of Semey
Semey, in Eastern Kazakstan
Semey, in Eastern Kazakstan

Semey (Kazakh: Семей; also transliterated as Semij or Semei, and known by its Imperial Russian name of Semipalatinsk (Семипалатинск)) is a city in Kazakhstan, in the northeastern province of East Kazakhstan, near the border with Siberia, around 1,000 km north of Almaty, and 700 km southeast of the Russian city of Omsk, along the Irtysh River. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kazakh (also Qazaq and variants[2], natively , , ‎) is a Western Turkic language closely related to Nogai and Karakalpak. ... There exist many possible systems for transliterating the Cyrillic alphabet of the Russian language to English or the Latin alphabet. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... East Kazakhstan (Shyghys Qazaqstan) is a province of Kazakhstan. ... “Siberian” redirects here. ... Map showing Almatys location in Kazakhstan Almaty Orthodox church Mosque Almaty (Алматы; formerly known as Alma-Ata, also Vernyj, Vyernyi (Верный) in Imperial Russia) is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1,185,900 (2004) (8% of the population of Kazakhstan) citizens. ... Omsk (Russian: ) is a city in southwest Siberia in Russia, the administrative center of Omsk Oblast. ... Irtysh (Russian:  ; Kazakh: Ertis / Эртiс ; Tatar: Ä°rteÅŸ / Иртеш ; Chinese: Erqisi / 额尔齐斯河) a river in Siberia, the chief tributary of the river Ob. ...


The first settlement was in 1718 when the Russians built a fort beside the river Irtysh, near a ruined Buddhist monastery. The monastery's seven buildings lent the fort (and later the city) the name Semipalatinsk (Russian meaning Seven Chambered City). The fort suffered frequently from flooding caused by the snowmelt swelling the Irtysh, and in 1778 the fort was relocated 18 km upstream to less flood-prone ground. The small city grew around the fort, largely servicing the river trade between the nomadic peoples of Central Asia and the growing Russian Empire. The construction of the Turkestan-Siberia Railway added to the city's importance, making it a major point of transit between Central Asia and Siberia. // The Funj warrior aristocracy deposes the reigning mek and places one of their own ranks on the throne of Sennar. ... Irtysh (Russian:  ; Kazakh: Ertis / Эртiс ; Tatar: Ä°rteÅŸ / Иртеш ; Chinese: Erqisi / 额尔齐斯河) a river in Siberia, the chief tributary of the river Ob. ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... The Turkistan-Siberian Railway (the Turk-Sib) is a railway connecting Central Asia with Siberia. ...


In 1949 a site on the steppe 150 km (100 miles) west of the city was chosen by the Soviet atomic bomb programme to be the location for its weapons testing. The Soviet Union operated the Semipalatinsk Test Site from the first Soviet explosion in 1949 until 1989. 456 nuclear tests, including 340 underground and 116 atmospheric tests were conducted. Semey has suffered ill effects from the time of its atomic prosperity: nuclear fallout from the atmospheric tests and uncontrolled exposure of the workers, most of whom lived in the city, have given Semey huge rates of cancer, childhood leukemia, and birth defects.[citation needed] 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... A steppe in Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, a steppe (Russian: - , Ukrainian: - , Kazakh: - ), pronounced in English as , is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses... Andrei Sakharov (left) with Igor Kurchatov (right) The Soviet project to develop an atomic bomb began during World War II in the Soviet Union. ... The Semipalatinsk Test Site (STS) was the primary testing venue for the Soviet Unions nuclear weapons. ... Leukemia or leukaemia (see spelling differences) is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow and is characterized by an abnormal proliferation (production by multiplication) of blood cells, usually white blood cells (leukocytes). ...


Modern Semey is a bustling university town with a population nearing 300,000. Its proximity to the border, and the large ex-patriate scientific community attached to the university and the STS labs, gives Semey a more Russian character than other Kazakh cities.


The oblast (oblysy) of Semipalatinsk has been merged with the bigger East Kazakhstan Province oblysy whose capital city is Öskemen. East Kazakhstan (Shyghys Qazaqstan) is a province of Kazakhstan. ... Kazakhstan is divided into 14 oblystar (singular - oblysy) (capitals in parentheses, unless the same as oblysy name): Almaty Oblysy (Taldykorgan) Aqmola (Kokshetau) Aqtöbe Atyrau Batys Qazaqstan (Oral) Mangghystau (Aqtau) Ongtustik Qazaqstan (Shymkent) Pavlodar Qaraghandy Qostanay Qyzylorda Shyghys Qazaqstan (Öskemen) Soltustik Qazaqstan (Petropavlovsk) Zhambyl (Taraz) note: in 1995 the Governments... Öskemen (Kazakh: Өскемен; also Russian: Усть-Каменогорск or Ust-Kamenogorsk), is the capital of the Shyghys Qazaqstan (Eastern Kazakhstan) Oblast. ...


Famous residents

  • Writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky, whose exile included five years military service as a corporal in the Seventh Line Battalion at the Semipalatinsk garrison, beginning in 1854.
  • Abay Qunanbayuli, father of modern Kazakh poetry, received his Russian schooling at Semipalatinsk.
  • Boxer Wladimir Klitschko, who was born there in 1976.

The city has a museum to commemorate Qunanbayuli, and has both a museum of, and a street named after, Dostoyevsky. Fyodor Dostoevsky. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For the saint of the Syrian Church see Abai (martyr). ... Dr. Wladimir Wladimirowitsch Klitschko (Ukrainian: , Volodymyr Volodymyrovych Klychko); born March 25, 1976 in Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan) is a Ukrainian heavyweight boxer, former WBO and the current IBF and IBO World Heavyweight Champion. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the saint of the Syrian Church see Abai (martyr). ...


Population

Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links

  • Photo of Semey

Coordinates: 50°26′N, 80°16′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Semey - definition of Semey in Encyclopedia (414 words)
Semey (Семей, sometimes transliterated as Semij or Semei) is a city in north eastern Kazakhstan, near the border with Siberia.
Semey has reaped a grim harvest from the time of its atomic prosperity; nuclear fallout from the atmospheric tests (and uncontrolled exposure of the workers, most of whom lived in the city) has given Semey huge rates of cancer, childhood leukemia, and birth defects.
Modern Semey is a bustling university town with a population nearing 400,000.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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