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Encyclopedia > Semarang
Semarang
The Tawang polder in front of the Tawang railway station.
The Tawang polder in front of the Tawang railway station.
Semarang (Indonesia)
Semarang
Location of Semarang in Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°58′0″S 110°25′0″E / -6.96667, 110.41667
Area
 - City 373.67 km²  (144.3 sq mi)
Population (2003)
 - City 1,393,000
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Website: www.semarang.go.id

Semarang is a city on the north coast of the island of Java, Indonesia. It is the capital of the province of Central Java. It has an area of 373.67 km² and approximately 1.5 million people making it the Indonesia's fifth largest city. Semarang is located at 6°58′S, 110°25′E. A major port during the Dutch colonial era, and still an important port today, the city is known in Indonesia for its large ethnically Chinese population. The name of the city, Semarang, may have originated from the concatenation of the words "asem" (tamarind) and "arang" (rare). Another version is that Semarang is originated from Chinese word Sam Po Lang (San Bao Loong), meaning the city of Sam Po (Admiral Zheng He). Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Indonesia_blank_map. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... UTC+7 is used in: Laos Thailand Cambodia Vietnam External links Find cities currently in UTC+7 Category: ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Famous Chinese or Chinese-speaking/writing people. ... A modern illustration of Zheng He, by an unidentified artist. ...

Contents

History

Semarang's history dates back to the ninth century, when it was known as Bergota. By the end of fifteenth century, an Javanese Islamic missionary from nearby Sultanate of Demak with the name of Kyai Pandan Arang founded a village and an Islamic boarding school in this place. On 1 May 1547, after consulting Sunan Kalijaga, Sultan Hadiwijaya of Pajang declared Kyai Pandan Arang the first bupati (regent) of Semarang, thus culturally and politically, on this day Semarang was born. Demak is a main town in Central Java, Indonesia. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1547 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Republic of Indonesia is divided into provinces (Indonesian: Provinsi). ...


In 1678, Sunan Amangkurat II promised to give control of Semarang to the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as a part of a debt payment. In 1682, the Semarang state was founded by the Dutch colonial power. On 5 October 1705 after years of occupations, Semarang officially became a VOC city when Susuhunan Pakubuwono I made a deal to give extensive trade rights to the VOC in exchange of wiping out Mataram's debt. VOC and later the Dutch East Indies government established tobacco plantations in the region, and built roads and railroads, making Semarang an important colonial trading centre. Amangkurat II was the sultan of Mataram from 1677 to 1703. ... This article is about the trading company. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Construction begins on Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, England. ... Mataram was the last major independent Javanese empire on Java before the island was colonized by the Dutch. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in genus Nicotiana. ...


Beginning in the 1920s the city became a center of leftist and nationalist activism. Particularly with the founding in the city of the Communist Party of Indonesia, Semarang became known as the "Red City". The Japanese military occupied the city, along with the rest of Java, in 1942 during Pacific War of World War II. During that time, Semarang was headed by a military governor (Shiko) from Japan and two vice governors (Fuku Shiko), one from Japan and one from local. After Indonesian independence in 1945, Semarang became the capital of Central Java province. In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ... The Communist Party of Indonesia (in Indonesian: Partai Komunis Indonesia, PKI) was a communist party in Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Pacific War (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ...


Administration

The city of Semarang divided into 16 districts (kecamatan) and 177 sub-districts of (kelurahan). The 16 districts are: West Semarang, East Semarang, Central Semarang, North Semarang, South Semarang, Candisari, Gajahmungkur, Gayamsari, Pedurungan, Genuk, Tembalang, Banyumanik, Gunungpati, Mijen, Ngaliyan, and Tugu.


A Bupati used to be the head of government in Semarang until 1906. After 1906, the city of Semarang was headed by a Mayor (Walikota). The Republic of Indonesia is divided into provinces (Indonesian: Provinsi). ...


The list of Mayor of Semarang after Indonesian independence:

  1. Moch. lchsan
  2. Koesoebiyono (1949 - 1 July 1951)
  3. RM Hadisoebeno Sosrowardoyo (1 July 1951 - 1 Janu 1958)
  4. Abdulmadjid Djojoadiningrat (7 January 1958 - 1 January 1960)
  5. RM Soebagyono Tjondrokoesoemo (1 January 1961 - 26 April 1964)
  6. Wuryanto (25 April 1964 - 1 September 1966)
  7. Soeparno (1 September 1966 - 6 March 1967)
  8. R. Warsito Soegiarto (6 March 1967 - 2 January 1973)
  9. Hadijanto (2 January 1973 - 15 January 1980)
  10. Imam Soeparto Tjakrajoeda (15 January 1980 - 19 January 1990)
  11. Soetrisno Suharto (19 January 1990 - 19 January 2000)
  12. Sukawi Sutarip (19 January 2000 - present)

is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...

Geography

Semarang is located on the northern coast of Java. The northern part of the city is built on the coastal plain while the southern parts, known as Candi Lama and Candi Baru, are on higher ground. Major landmarks in town include Simpang Lima, a large five-way intersection surrounded by shopping malls and other commercial establishments.


Culture

The population of Semarang is predominantly Javanese, though with smaller numbers of people from many regions in Indonesia. The city is known for its large ethnically Chinese population. The main languages spoken are Indonesian and Javanese. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Education

Semarang is home to several universities and high schools. A notable state-owned university at Semarang is Diponegoro University. Other notable universities are Soegijapranata Catholic University and Sultan Agung Islamic University. Among other schools is Karangturi, a national private school which has facilities for Kindergarten through Senior High School; Krangturi has been known for the high proportion of Chinese Indonesian students in attendance.[citation needed] Diponegoro University (Indonesian: Universitas Diponegoro) better known as UNDIP, is an Indonesian university located in Semarang, Jawa Tengah. ...


Temples and monuments

Blenduk Church
Blenduk Church

As a result of its large ethnically Chinese population, the city boasts several Chinese temples. These include Sam Po Kong (Gedung Batu), built in honour of the Chinese Great Admiral Zheng He who visited the area in 1405, and Tay Kak Sie Temple. Blenduk Church, a 1753 Protestant church built by Dutch, is located in the old town (called "Oudstad"). Tugu Muda (Youth Monument), a monument to heroes of Indonesia's independence struggle, is located in front of Gedung Lawang Sewu and Semarang Cathedral, at the end of Jalan Pemuda, one of the city's major shopping streets. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... A modern illustration of Zheng He, by an unidentified artist. ...


References

  • Graaf, H. J. de (Hermanus Johannes), 1899-(?), "Chinese Muslims in Java in the 15th and 16th centuries : the Malay Annals of Semarang and Cerbon / translated and provided with comments by H.J. de Graaf and Th.G.Th. Pigeaud; edited by M.C. Ricklefs. Publisher: [Melbourne] : Monash University, 1984. Description: xiii, 221 p. : folded map ; 21 cm. ISBN 0867464194 : Series: Monash papers on Southeast Asia ; no. 12

Cirebon (formerly Cheribon) is a city on north coast of the Indonesian island of Java. ...

External links

  • (Indonesian) Official website
  • Semarang Photo Archives — Archive of historical photographs
  • Semarang travel guide from Wikitravel

  Results from FactBites:
 
Semarang and Surrounding (1533 words)
The city of Semarang, the capital of Central Java province is located on the north coast of Java Sea.
Semarang is a busy administrative and Trading city, most of the offices, business centers, industrial estates are concentrated in the low land, where as in the hilly side, there are many houses with the beautiful gardens with a superb view to the town and the sea.
In the west part of Semarang, a temple SAMPOKONG or locally known as Gedong Batu (Stone Building) was dedicated to Chinese Moslem Admiral Cheng Ho, his fleet arrived in the first time at 1406 AD The other Chinese Buddhist temple is Tay Kak Sie at Lombok Street built in the year 1772.
Semarang (1144 words)
Semarang Municipality is the capital of Central Java province, located along the shore of the Java Sea.
The management innovations in Semarang are related to its interaction/responsiveness to citizens and the concern for the low-income groups (hawkers and slum-dwellers).
Semarang also joined efforts with the municipalities of Surakarta, Surabaya, Pedang, and Jambi in cleaning the city, improving city management and in developing human resources through improved administrative regulations and training.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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