Semangat 46 (Spirit of '46) is a now defunct Malaysian political party. The party was formed in 1989 under the leadership of Tunku Razaleigh Hamzah, which was felt to be capable of mounting a realistic challenge to the dominance of then UMNO under Mahathir's leadership and its electoral vehicle, the Barisan Nasional. Event turned the other side, Razaleigh's support simply evaporated, and Mahathir's administrations continuing to deliver economic success to Malaysia. In May1996 the eight-year rift within UMNO was healed when Razaleigh Hamzah led his Semangat '46 party back into the UMNO fold. 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah (born 1937) is a major Malaysian political figure from the state of Kelantan. ... The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu in Malay, is the largest political party in Malaysia and a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has ruled the country uninterrupted since independence. ... Mahathir bin Mohamad (born December 20, 1925 in Alor Star, Kedah) was the Prime Minister of Malaysia from July 16, 1981 to 2003. ... Barisan Nasional (National Front) is a political coalition in Malaysia. ... May is the fifth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...
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