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Encyclopedia > Sella turcica

The Sella turcica (literally Turkish saddle) is a saddle-shaped depression in the sphenoid bone at the base of the human skull. The seat of the saddle is known as the hypophyseal fossa which holds the pituitary gland. Located anteriorly to the hypophyseal fossa is the tuberculum sellae. Completing the formation of the sattle anteriorly is the dorsum sellae. The dorsum sellae is terminated laterally by the posterior clinoid processes.


References

Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; (2004). Human Anatomy & Physiology / Elaine M. Marieb. 6th Edition. Pearson Education, Inc.. ISBN 0-8053-5462-X. -- Page 209


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bridging and Dimensions of Sella Turcica in Subjects Treated by Surgical-orthodontic Means or Orthodontics Only (2523 words)
A sella turcica bridge was identified as a continuous band of bony tissue extending from the anterior cranial fossa to the posterior cranial fossa.
The sella turcica is an important anatomical structure for cephalometric assessment because of its central landmark, sella, a saddle-shaped area of bone located in the middle cranial fossa.
The sella turcica lies on the intracranial surface of the body of the sphenoid and consists of a central pituitary fossa bounded anteriorly by the tuberculum sellae and posteriorly by the dorsum sellae.
Sella turcica definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms (271 words)
Sella turcica: The "Turkish saddle" in which sits the pituitary gland.
It was called the sella turcica (the Turkish saddle) because of its resemblance to a saddle used by the Turks (and Arabs) which had supports in front and back.
The "rider" in the sella turcica, the pituitary gland, (sometimes called the master gland) plays a critical role in regulating growth and development, metabolism, and reproduction.
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