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Encyclopedia > Sejmik

A sejmik (diminutive of the Polish sejm, or parliament) was a regional sejm in the pre-partition Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and earlier in the Kingdom of Poland.


There were three kinds of sejmik:

They could meet for special purposes:

  • Pre-sejm (Polish: przedsejmowe) sejmiks elected deputies (poslowie) to the ordinary General Sejm (Polish: Sejm Walny) that was held every two years for six weeks, and to any extraordinary General Sejm that might be called at any time in an emergency, to sit for two weeks.
  • Relational (Polish: relacyjne) sejmiks heard the relations of deputies returned from the General Sejm.
  • Deputational (Polish: deputackie) sejmiks elected deputies (deputaci) to general tribunals.
  • Administrative (or economic, Polish: gospodarcze) sejmiks oversaw voivodship self-government.
  • Electoral (Polish: elekcyjne) sejmiks elected higher voivodship officials.

Sejmiks were called by the king or the provincial governor (voivod). All the nobility (szlachta) residing in a voivodship were eligible to participate in sejmiks; other estates sent only delegations with an advisory voice. Each sejmik elected a sejmik marshal ( marszalek sejmiku: presiding officer of the sejmik). A sejmik could be disrupted, which eventuality was guarded against by the formation (as at sejms) of a confederation, which obliged majority voting.


In the 16th century the leading force at sejmiks was the middle nobility; later this passed to the magnates (magnaci). Sejmiks attained a peak of importance at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries, when they often set their own time-limits — that is, extended their authorized periods of operation. Such abuses were suppressed by acts of the one-day Silent Sejm (Polish: sejm niemy) of 1717.


See also:


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sejmik Information (551 words)
A sejmik (diminutive of the Polish sejm, or parliament) was a regional sejm in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and earlier in the Kingdom of Poland.
Sejmiks arose from the 1454 Nieszawa Statutes, granted to the szlachta by King Casimir IV the Jagiellonian.
Sejmiks attained a peak of importance at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries, when they often set their own time-limits — that is, extended their authorized periods of operation.
The Gate of Podlasie - default (644 words)
The election is conducted by the terms of electoral law of the Gmina Council, Poviat Council and Sejmik of the voivodeship.
The Sejmik is the legislative and supervisory organ of a voivodeship.
The Sejmik of the voivodeship meets for sessions convened by the President, at least on a quarterly basis.
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