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Encyclopedia > Sega Mega Drive

Sega Genesis / Sega Mega Drive
Sega Mega Drive, European/Australasian (PAL) version.
Manufacturer Sega
Type Video game console
Generation Fourth
First available JPN October 29, 1988
NA August 14, 1989

EU November 30, 1990 Image File history File links Megadrive_logo. ... Image File history File links GenesisLogo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 411 pixelsFull resolution (930 × 478 pixel, file size: 202 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sega Mega Drive Metadata This file... A console manufacturer is a company that manufactures and distributes video game consoles. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Game console” redirects here. ... Video games were introduced as a commercial entertainment medium in 1971, becoming the basis for an important entertainment industry in the late 1970s/early 1980s in the United States, Japan, and Europe. ... In the history of video games, the 16-bit era was the fourth generation of video game consoles. ... This article is about the country in East Asia. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...

Online service Sega Meganet, Sega Channel, XBAND
Units sold Worldwide: 29 million[1][2][3]
U.S.: 13 million[4]
Top-selling game Sonic the Hedgehog 2
Predecessor Sega Master System
Successor Sega Saturn

The Sega Mega Drive (メガドライブ Mega Doraibu?) is a video game console released by Sega in Japan in 1988, North America in 1989, and the PAL region in 1990. It was sold under the name Sega Genesis in North America, as Sega was unable to secure legal rights to the Mega Drive name in that region. Megamodem attached to a Mega Drive The Sega Meganet was a network service in Japan for people using the Sega Mega Drive. ... Sega Channel logo and mascot Sega Pat Sega Channel was a project developed by Sega for the 16-bit Sega Genesis console. ... XBAND was an early online console gaming network for SNES and Sega Genesis systems. ... This is a list of video game console and handheld game console sales. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... This is a list of video games that have sold over one million copies. ... Sonic the Hedgehog 2, or simply Sonic 2, is a platform game developed by Sonic Team in collaboration with Sega Technical Institute, and published by Sega for the Mega Drive/Genesis. ... The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... It has been suggested that Arcade Racer Joystick be merged into this article or section. ... “Game console” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... The PAL region is a video game publication territory which covers Australasia and the majority of Eurasia. ...


The Mega Drive was the first 16-bit console to achieve notable market share in Europe and North America. It was the direct competitor of the Super Famicom (SNES), although the Sega Mega Drive was released two years earlier. Globally the Sega Mega Drive and games began production in Japan in 1988 and ended with the last new game being released in 2002 in Brazil. One game, Beggar Prince, was re-released in 2006 in North America – though it was an unofficial release. In computer science, 16-bit is an adjective used to describe integers that are at most two bytes wide, or to describe CPU architectures based on registers, address buses, or data buses of that size. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES (also called SNES and Super Nintendo) was a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Europe, Australasia, and Brazil between 1990 and 1993. ... Beggar Prince (Chinese Xin Qigai Wangzi 新乞丐王子, litterally The New The Prince and the Pauper) is a Taiwanese game for Sega Mega Drive, originally released in 1996. ...

Contents

History

Although the Sega Master System had proved a success in Brazil and Europe, it failed to ignite much interest in the North American or Japanese markets, which, by the mid-to-late 1980s, were both dominated by Nintendo with 95% and 92% market shares respectively.[citation needed] Hoping to dramatically increase its share, Sega set about creating a new machine that would be at least as powerful as the then most impressive home computer hardware on the market – the Commodore Amiga, Atari ST, and the Apple Macintosh II. The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... Children playing on a Amstrad CPC 464 in the 1980s. ... Amiga is the name of a range of home/personal computers using the Motorola 68000 processor family, whose development started in 1982. ... The Atari ST is a home/personal computer that was commercially popular from 1985 to the early 1990s. ... Macintosh II was the first personal computer model of the Macintosh II series in the Apple Macintosh line. ...


Since the Sega System 16 was very popular, Hayao Nakayama, Sega's CEO at the time, decided to make its new home system utilize a 16-bit architecture. The final design was ported to the arcade, and eventually used in the Mega-Tech, Mega-Play and System-C arcade machines. Any game made for the Mega Drive hardware could easily be ported to these systems.[citation needed] The Sega System 16 is an arcade system board released by Sega in 1985. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... In computer science, porting is the process of adapting software so that an executable program can be created for a computing environment that is different from the one for which it was originally designed (e. ...


The first name Sega considered for its console was the MK-1601, but it ultimately decided to call it the "Sega Mega Drive". Sega used the name Mega Drive for the Japanese, European, Asian, Australian and Brazilian versions of the console. The North American version went by the name "Genesis" due to a trademark dispute[citation needed], while the South Korean versions were called Super Gam*Boy (수퍼겜보이) and Super Aladdin Boy (transliterated from 수퍼알라딘보이; this was the Korean version of Mega Drive 2). The Korean-market consoles were licensed and distributed by Samsung Electronics. For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For the history of Korea, see Korea. ... Transliteration is the practice of transcribing a word or text written in one writing system into another writing system. ... Samsung Electronics (SEC, Hangul:삼성전자; KSE: 005930, KSE: 005935, LSE: SMSN, LSE: SMSD) is a South Korean multinational corporation and the worlds largest electronics and IT company. ...


Launch titles

Japanese launch: October 29, 1988 Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...

U.S. launch: August 14, 1989 Space Harrier II (スペースハリアーII) is the sequel to Space Harrier. ... Action film buffs might remember the popular Hal Needham 1982 feature film Blue Thunder - starring Roy Scheider, Randy Quaid, and Malcolm McDowell - about a supersecret prototype military attack chopper being loaned to the LAPD for field testing. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...

Space Harrier II (スペースハリアーII) is the sequel to Space Harrier. ... Tommy Lasorda baseball was a baseball game for the Sega Genesis console. ... Description Last Battle is a side-scrolling beat-em-up and one of the American and European launch games for the Sega MegaDrive. ... Thunder Force (also spelled Thunderforce) is a series of scrolling shooter type video games developed by the Japanese software company Technosoft (a. ... Altered Beast (獣王記 Jūōki, literally Beast Kings Chronicle, in Japan) is a 1988 arcade game developed and manufactured by Sega. ... Golden Axe is a side-scrolling arcade slash em up game released in 1989 by Sega. ...

Performance in Japan

A Japanese Sega Mega Drive
A Japanese Sega Mega Drive

The Mega Drive was released in Japan on October 29, 1988 for ¥21,000, almost exactly a year after the NEC PC Engine. Although this initially caused slow sales, the Mega Drive soon eclipsed the earlier machine in popularity. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... NEC Corporation is a multi-national information technologies company headquarterd in Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan. ... For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ...


However, after the release of the PC-Engine CD add-on and the Nintendo Super Famicom, the Mega Drive soon lost ground. The Mega Drive was not as popular as the two aforementioned systems in Japan. The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES (also called SNES and Super Nintendo) was a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Europe, Australasia, and Brazil between 1990 and 1993. ...


Performance in North America

In 1987, Sega announced a North American release date for the system (under the name of Sega Genesis) of January 9, 1989, making it the second console to feature a 16-bit CPU (the first one being the Mattel Intellivision) and the first to feature single-instruction 32-bit arithmetic. Sega was not able to meet the initial release date and U.S. sales began on August 14, 1989 in New York City and Los Angeles[5] with a suggested retail price of US$200 at launch. The Genesis was released in the rest of North America on September 15 of the same year with the price reduced slightly to $190. is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The Intellivision was a video game console released by Mattel in 1980; development of the console began in 1978 (less than a year after the introduction of its main competitor, the legendary Atari 2600 aka the Atari VCS). ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Sega Genesis initially competed against the 8-bit NES, over which it had superior graphics and sound. Nonetheless, it had a hard time overcoming Nintendo's ubiquitous presence in the consumer's home and the huge catalog of popular games already available for it. “NES” redirects here. ...


In an attempt to build itself a significant consumer base, Sega decided to focus on slightly older buyers, especially young men in their late teens and early 20s who would have more disposable income and who were eager for more "grown-up" titles with more mature content and/or more in-depth game play. Consequently, Sega released titles such as Altered Beast and the Phantasy Star series. Altered Beast (獣王記 Jūōki, literally Beast Kings Chronicle, in Japan) is a 1988 arcade game developed and manufactured by Sega. ... Phantasy Star (Japanese: ファンタシースター) is the most famous RPG series by Sega. ...


Sega forced the theoretically competitive TurboGrafx-16 system into relative obscurity, thanks in part to NEC's poor North American marketing campaign. For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ... NEC Corporation (Jp. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


One of Sega's most famous advertisements in North American media was its slogan "Genesis does what Nintendon't",[6] which showcased the graphics that the Genesis had against the aging NES. Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

A typical in-game screenshot of Sonic The Hedgehog, taken from its first level, Green Hill Zone (Act 1).
A typical in-game screenshot of Sonic The Hedgehog, taken from its first level, Green Hill Zone (Act 1).

To compete with the release of the Super NES in the US, Sega promoted the console with Blast Processing, which was a term coined by Sega because the Genesis' 68000 processor had a higher clock speed than the Super NES's 65c816. screenshot Sega Genesis Sonic_the_Hedgehog by me This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... screenshot Sega Genesis Sonic_the_Hedgehog by me This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... Sonic the Hedgehog is the platform game that launched the career of Sonic the Hedgehog and Sonic Team. ... In computer and video games, a level (sometimes called a stage, course, round, world, map or landscape) is a separate area in a games virtual world, in modern games typically representing a specific location such as a building or a city. ... Blast Processing was a marketing term coined by Sega to advertise the fact that the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis could calculate faster motion than the Super Nintendo Entertainment System and was generally taken by the public to refer to the main system processors. ...


Eventually, the Sega Genesis' main competition became Nintendo's 16-bit SNES, over which it had a head start in terms of user base and number of games, reversing the problem Sega had faced against the NES. The Genesis continued to hold on to a healthy fan base composed significantly of action and sports games fans.


The release of Sonic the Hedgehog in 1991 began to threaten Nintendo's stranglehold on the US console market. Sonic was released to replace former mascot Alex Kidd, and to provide the "killer app" that Sega needed. This sparked what was arguably the greatest console war in video gaming history. Sonic the Hedgehog is the platform game that launched the career of Sonic the Hedgehog and Sonic Team. ... Alex Kidd is a video game character. ... A killer application (commonly shortened to killer app), in the jargon of computer programmers and video gamers, has come to mean any program, particularly a minor one, that is ingeniously coded or unexpectedly useful. ... Console wars is a term used to refer to periods of intense competition for market share between video game console manufacturers. ...


By 1992, Sega was enjoying a strong hold on the market, holding a 55% market share in North America. Faced with a slight recession in sales and a brief loss of market share to the SNES, Sega again looked to Sonic to rejuvenate sales. The release of the highly anticipated Sonic the Hedgehog 2, coinciding with an aggressive ad campaign that took shots at Nintendo, fueled Sega Genesis sales a while longer and boosted Sega's market share percentage back up, to an astounding 65%. Sonic the Hedgehog 2, or simply Sonic 2, is a platform game developed and published by Sega for the Mega Drive/Genesis. ...

Sega Mega Drive II, PAL version.
Sega Mega Drive II, PAL version.

Less than a year later, in 1993, Sega released a redesigned version of the console at a newly reduced price. By consolidating the internal chipset onto a smaller, unified motherboard, Sega was able to both physically reduce the system's size and bring down production costs by simplifying the assembly procedure and reducing the number of integrated circuits required for each unit. Download high resolution version (1036x800, 125 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1036x800, 125 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Integrated circuit of Atmel Diopsis 740 System on Chip showing memory blocks, logic and input/output pads around the periphery Microchips with a transparent window, showing the integrated circuit inside. ...


Aside from the release of the Mega-CD (Sega CD in North America) and 32X add-ons for the Mega Drive, Sega's last big announcement came in the form of a partnership with Time Warner in the U.S. to offer a subscription-based service called Sega Channel, which would allow subscribers to "download" games on a month-by-month basis. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Sega Channel logo and mascot Sega Pat Sega Channel was a project developed by Sega for the 16-bit Sega Genesis console. ...


The poor performances of the Mega-CD and 32X, a lack of effective advertising, and disputes between Sega of America and Sega of Japan had taken their toll on the company. By mid 1994, Sega's market share had dropped from 65% to 46%, and the official announcements of newer, more powerful consoles, such as the Sega Saturn, PlayStation, and Nintendo 64 signaled that the 16-bit era was drawing to a close. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sega (セガ) is a video game software and hardware developer, and a former console manufacturer. ... It has been suggested that Arcade Racer Joystick be merged into this article or section. ... The original PlayStation was produced in a light grey colour; the more recent PSOne redesign sports a smaller more rounded case. ... The Nintendo 64 ), often abbreviated as N64, was Nintendos third home video game console for the international market. ...


The last commercial licensed release in North America was Frogger, released by Majesco in 1998. The last unlicensed title released in North America was Beggar Prince, released in 2006.[citation needed] Frogger is an arcade game introduced in 1981. ... Majesco Entertainment is a video game developer founded in 1986. ... Beggar Prince (Chinese Xin Qigai Wangzi 新乞丐王子, litterally The New The Prince and the Pauper) is a Taiwanese game for Sega Mega Drive, originally released in 1996. ...


Performance in the UK and Europe

The European release was on 30 November 1990. In the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland it was priced at £189.99. The first UK shipment of 30,000 units was sold at retailers Comet, Dixons, Rumbelows and Toys "R" Us.[7] is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Comet, founded in 1933 by George Hollingberry in Hull as Comet Battery Stores Limited, is now a wholly owned subsidiary of KESA Electricals Plc specialising in Electrical retailing. ... Dixons is an electrical retailer in the UK and Republic of Ireland, and is owned by DSG International plc (formerly Dixons Group). ... Rumbelows - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Toys R Us (often typeset as Toys Я Us to fit their logo) is a toy store chain based in the United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. ...

The Sega Pirate, a popular marketing icon for the console in Europe
The Sega Pirate, a popular marketing icon for the console in Europe

Following on from the European success of the Sega Master System, the Mega Drive became a very popular console in Europe. Unlike in other regions where the NES had been the dominant platform, Sega's marketing strategy was not aimed at direct competition with Nintendo's aging machine. In the United Kingdom the most well known of Sega's advertising slogans was "To be this good takes AGES, to be this good takes SEGA". Some of these adverts employed adult humour and innuendo with sentences like "The more you play with it, the harder it gets" displayed with an illustration of the waggling of a joystick.[1] A prominent figure in the European marketing was the "Sega Pirate". This character was a talking one-eyed skull that starred in many TV adverts with a generally aggressive and humorous attitude. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... “NES” redirects here. ...


The relatively late release of the Mega Drive in Europe assured a strong launch line-up in comparison with other regions. The arcade ports of classics like Altered Beast, Golden Axe and Ghouls 'n Ghosts, available in stores at launch, provided a strong image of the console's power when compared to other home conversions of these games. The arrival of Sonic the Hedgehog in 1991 was just as successful as in North America, with the new Sega mascot becoming popular throughout the continent. Altered Beast (獣王記 Jūōki, literally Beast Kings Chronicle, in Japan) is a 1988 arcade game developed and manufactured by Sega. ... Golden Axe is a side-scrolling arcade slash em up game released in 1989 by Sega. ... Ghouls n Ghosts (大魔界村 Dai Makaimura, or Great Demon World Village in Japan) is a platform game/run and gun developed by Capcom and released as an arcade game in 1988, and subsequently ported to a number of other platforms. ... Sonic the Hedgehog is the platform game that launched the career of Sonic the Hedgehog and Sonic Team. ...


The console did not have a major competitor in Europe until the launch of the SNES in 1992. But unlike in North America, Nintendo's 16-bit console would not outsell the Mega Drive, even with the release of the British-made Donkey Kong Country in 1994, which proved to be a huge factor for Nintendo in the North American market. The market share in Europe was always favorable to Sega, which enjoyed a strong position until withdrawing from the 16-bit market. The Super Nintendo Entertainment System, also known as Super Nintendo, Super NES or SNES, is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... Rare, Ltd is a United Kingdom-based video game development company. ... Donkey Kong Country, released in Japan as Super Donkey Kong ), is a video game developed by Rare and Nintendo, featuring the popular arcade character, Donkey Kong. ...


The Mega Drive was supported until 1996 in Europe. It was discontinued along with its predecessor, the successful and long-lived Sega Master System, to allow Sega to concentrate on their next console, the Saturn. The Mega Drive's add-ons, the Mega CD and 32x, were also both discontinued at this point, having been the same general failures they were in the other regions. The last commercial licensed release in Europe was FIFA '98: Road to World Cup, released by Electronic Arts in November 1997. In the UK the last stocks of the Mega Drive II were sold by the end of 1999, Argos selling it with one controller and Mega Games 6 for £24.99. It has been suggested that Arcade Racer Joystick be merged into this article or section. ... The Sega Mega (Japanese: メガCD) is an add-on device for the Sega Mega Drive released in Europe, Australia and Japan. ... Sega Genesis 32X on top of regular Genesis, model 2 The Sega 32X (Japanese: スーパー32X) was a video game console by SEGA. In Japan, the console was distributed under the name Sega Super 32X. In North America, its name was the Sega Genesis 32X. In Europe... Electronic Arts (EA) (NASDAQ: ERTS) is an American developer, marketer, publisher, and distributor of computer and video games. ... Argos store. ...


Performance in Brazil

The Mega Drive was released by Tec Toy in 1990, only a year after the Brazilian release of the Sega Master System. Tec Toy (often misspelled as TecToy) is a Brazilian videogame and electronics company. ... The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ...


Tec Toy also released the internet service Mega Net, and made exclusive games including a port of Duke Nukem 3D.[8] The Mega Drive is still manufactured in Brazil, with many games built into the console.[9] The last Brazilian title released was Show do Milhão Volume 2, in 2002.[citation needed] Megamodem attached to a Mega Drive The Sega Meganet was a network service in Japan for people using the Sega Mega Drive. ... Duke Nukem 3D is a first-person shooter computer game developed by 3D Realms and published by Apogee Software. ...


Variations

Sega Wondermega incorporates the Mega Drive and Mega CD in one unit
Sega Wondermega incorporates the Mega Drive and Mega CD in one unit

During its lifespan, the Mega Drive and Genesis quite possibly received more officially licensed variations than any other console. While only one major design revision of the console was created during its lifespan, each region has its own peculiarities and unique items, while other variations were exercises in reducing costs (such as the removal of the little-used 9-pin EXT. port) or expanding the capabilities of the Mega Drive. During its lifespan, the Sega Mega Drive and Genesis quite possibly received more officially licensed variations than any other console. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1866x987, 208 KB) Work by Rama File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sega Mega-CD/Sega CD ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1866x987, 208 KB) Work by Rama File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sega Mega-CD/Sega CD ...


Contrary to popular belief, Model MK-1631 (Mega Drive/Genesis 2) does have a Z80 CPU. Depending on the board revision, the system has either a Zilog Z84C00 or a Custom Sega 315-5676 or similar. Because the Z80 is used for sound production by many games it is a necessary component. The idea that the redesigned machine has no Z80 came from reports of incompatibility between those models and the Power Base Converter, which provides Sega Master System compatibility.


Majesco's Genesis 3 (single-chip and dual-chip versions) retains the Mode 4 support but has the Master System compatibility removed from the bus controller logic. This renders the Power Base Converter or any other adapter useless. 68000 software can still enable and use Mode 4, however.


One of the 68000's instructions, TAS, is intended for semaphore communication in multiprocessor machines and locks the 68000 bus during memory access. The Sega hardware did not support this unusual bus cycle and ignored the write-back phase. Two games, Gargoyles from Buena Vista Interactive, and Ex-Mutants from Sega make use of the TAS instructions and expect it not to write to memory. As a result, these games work on original Sega machines but not the Majesco Genesis 3, which has correct support for TAS. A semaphore is a protected variable (or abstract data type) and constitutes the classic method for restricting access to shared resources (e. ...


Technical specifications

Image File history File links Information. ...

CPU

Hardware specifications
Processor

Motorola 68000 (or equivalent) The Motorola 68000 is a 32-bit CISC microprocessor core designed and marketed by Freescale Semiconductor (formerly Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector). ...

  • Runs at 7.16 MHz in PAL consoles, 7.67 MHz in NTSC consoles.
  • Some systems contained 68000s manufactured by Motorola licensees such as Hitachi and Signetics.
  • Signetics 68K only found in early revisions as this CPU is known to be inefficient.
Secondary processor

Zilog Z80 (or equivalent) One of the first Z80 microprocessors manufactured; the date stamp is from June 1976. ...

  • Runs at 3.55 MHz in PAL consoles, 3.58 MHz in NTSC consoles
  • Used as sound CPU or the main CPU in Master System compatibility mode.

Memory

Memory specifications
Boot ROM
  • 2 KB (KiB)
  • Known as the "Trademark Security System" (TMSS)
  • When console is started, it checks the game for certain code given to licensed developers
  • Unlicensed games without the code are thus locked out, but if a game is properly licensed, the ROM will display "Produced by or under license from Sega Enterprises Ltd."
  • Boot ROM is not present on earlier versions of the Mega Drive and Genesis and some earlier games not designed for the TMSS may not work in later consoles
Main RAM
  • 64 KB
  • Part of M68000 address space
Video RAM
  • 64 KB
  • Cannot be accessed directly by CPU, must be read and written via VDP (Video Display Processor - see below)
Secondary RAM
  • 8 KB
  • Part of Z80 address space
  • Used as main RAM in Master System compatibility mode
Audio RAM
  • 8 KB
Cartridge memory area (ROM space)

Read-only memory (usually known by its acronym, ROM) is a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. ... A kilobyte (derived from the SI prefix kilo-, meaning 1000) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to the decimal 1024 bytes (2 to the 10th power, or 1,024 bytes based in the binary system). ... According to the International Electrotechnical Commission a kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage. ... Random access memory (usually known by its acronym, RAM) is a type of data storage used in computers. ... ReBoot character, see Megabyte (ReBoot). ... The three-letter acronym MIB may refer to any of several concepts: Management information base, a computing information repository used (for example) by SNMP In marbles, any marble, but esp. ... The Megabit is a unit of information storage, abbreviated Mbit or sometimes Mb. ... Bank switching (also known as paging, but only loosely related to the ordinary meaning of paging in computing) was a technique common in 8-bit microcomputer systems, to increase the amount of addressable RAM and ROM without extending the address bus. ...

Graphics

The Mega Drive has a dedicated VDP (Video Display Processor) for playfield and sprite control. This is an improved version of the Sega Master System VDP, which in turn is derived from the Texas Instruments TMS9918. It contains both mode 4 (for Master System compatibility) and mode 5 (for native 16-bit games). However, Master System programs can switch the VDP into mode 5 and make use of advanced VDP features. This page only discusses mode 5 capabilities. In computer graphics, a sprite is a two-dimensional image or animation that is integrated into a larger scene. ... The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... // General information The TMS9918 Video Display Processor (VDP) was used in systems like MSX, Coleco Vision, TI-99 and Sega SG-1000/SC-3000. ...

Graphics Processing specifications
Planes:

4 (2 scrolling playfields, 1 sprite plane, 1 'window' plane), per-tile priority

Sprites: Up to 64 (32H)/80 (40H) on-screen, 16/20 per line, 256/320 pixels per line, per-sprite priority
Palette: 512 colors (1536 using shadow/highlight mode)
On-screen colors: 64 × 9-bit words of color RAM, 4 lines of 15 colors plus transparent, allowing 61 on-screen colors (up to 1536 via raster effects and shadow/highlight)
Screen resolution
  • 256x224 (32Hx28V), 320x224 (40Hx28V), 256x240 (32Hx30V, PAL only), 320x240 (40Hx30V, PAL only)
  • Interlace mode 1 provides no increase in resolution, but still generates a true interlaced signal
  • Interlace mode 2 can provide double the vertical resolution (i.e. 320×448 for NTSC, 320x480 for PAL). Used in Sonic 2 for two-player split screen
Scroll size

Width and height independently set to 32, 64, or 128 cells as VRAM allows Sonic the Hedgehog 2, or simply Sonic 2, is a platform game developed by Sonic Team in collaboration with Sega Technical Institute, and published by Sega for the Mega Drive/Genesis. ...

Sound

Yamaha YM2612 chip
Yamaha YM2612 chip
Sound Processing specifications
Main sound chip

Yamaha YM2612 Image File history File links Yamaha_YM2612_chip. ... Image File history File links Yamaha_YM2612_chip. ... YM2612, aka OPN2, is a six-channel sound synthesizer IC, or sound chip, produced by Yamaha. ...

  • Six FM channels, four operators each; channel 6 can be used for PCM data or as a regular channel
  • PCM channel has no DMA, and requires data to be written to the chip from the Z80
  • Programmable low-frequency oscillator and stereo panning
  • Runs at 7.16 MHz
Secondary sound chip

Texas Instruments SN76489 compatible device built into VDP. Frequency modulation synthesis (or FM synthesis) is a form of audio synthesis where the timbre of a simple waveform is changed by frequency modulating it with a modulating frequency that is also in the audio range, resulting in a more complex waveform and a different-sounding tone. ... Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a digital representation of an analog signal where the magnitude of the signal is sampled regularly at uniform intervals, then quantized to a series of symbols in a digital (usually binary) code. ... Low frequency oscillation, often abbreviated to LFO, is a term that predominantly refers to an audio technique specifically used in the production of electronic music. ... The SN76489 Programmable Sound Generator (PSG) is a TTL compatible four-channel sound chip from Texas Instruments. ...

  • Four-channel PSG (Programmable Sound Generator)
  • Three square wave channels, one white noise channel
  • Programmable tone/noise and attenuation
  • Used for Master System compatibility mode as well as to supplement FM
  • Different random noise generation compared to a real SN76489/SN76489A chip

A Programmable Sound Generator is a Sound chip that generates sound waves by synthesizing multiple basic waveforms, and often some kind of noise generator, (all controlled by writing data to dedicated registers in the sound chip, hence the name) and combining and mixing these waveforms into a complex waveform, then... A square wave is a kind of basic waveform. ... Calculated spectrum of a generated approximation of white noise White noise is a random signal (or process) with a flat power spectral density. ...

Inputs and outputs

Original Genesis Controller
Original Genesis Controller
Original three button joypad with later six button version
Original three button joypad with later six button version
Input and output list
RF output

RCA jack connects to TV antenna input Image File history File links Genesis_controller. ... Image File history File links Genesis_controller. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... A panel of four RCA jacks, and three RCA (cinch; phono) plugs of various quality RCA jack in PlayStation 2 An RCA jack, also referred to as a phono connector or CINCH/AV connector, is a type of electrical connector which is commonly used in the audio/video market. ...

  • Exists on original model European and Asian Mega Drive and North American Genesis only
  • Other models must use external RF modulator which plugs into A/V output
A/V output

DIN connector with composite video, RGB video, and audio outputs 5 pin 180° DIN connector 4 pin Mini-DIN S-Video connector Speaker DIN line socket (left) and plug DIN connectors are multi-pin electrical connectors based on a DIN standard. ... Composite video, also called CVBS (Composite Video Blanking and Sync), is the format of an analog television (picture only) signal before it is combined with a sound signal and modulated onto an RF carrier. ... REDIRECT RGB color model ...

  • Mega Drive and the first model Genesis have an 8-pin DIN socket (same as Sega Master System) which supports mono audio only
  • Mega Drive 2, Multimega, and other models have a 9-pin mini DIN socket with both mono and stereo audio
Power input
Headphone output

Amplified 3.5-mm stereo jack on front of console with volume control The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... Connectors for supplying direct current (DC) power are poorly standardized compared to domestic AC power plugs and sockets. ... Josephson junction array chip developed by NIST as a standard volt. ... Direct current (DC or continuous current) is the continuous flow of electricity through a conductor such as a wire from high to low potential. ... Current can be measured by a galvanometer, via the deflection of a magnetic needle in the magnetic field created by the current. ...

  • Exists only on original model Mega Drive and Genesis units
  • Provides stereo audio on models which have the mono 8-pin DIN A/V output
  • Also suitable for passive speakers
  • Can be used for mixing audio from the SegaCD
"EXT" port

DE-9F (9-pin female D-connector) on back of console Three versions of Sega CD: The Mega-CD 1 and 2 and the CDX/Multi-Mega. ... A male DE-9 connector. ... A male DE-9 connector. ...

  • Used with the Meganet modem peripheral, released only in Japan
  • Exists on all first-model Japanese Mega Drive units, and on early American Genesis and PAL (European, Australasian and Asian) Mega Drive units
  • May have been used for game selection on arcade adaptations of the Mega Drive / Genesis console
Control pad inputs

Two DE-9M (9-pin male D-connectors) on front of console Megamodem attached to a Mega Drive The Sega Meganet was a network service in Japan for people using the Sega Mega Drive. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... A male DE-9 connector. ... A male DE-9 connector. ...

Expansion port

Edge connector on bottom right hand side of console An edge connector is a type of electrical connector for use with PC boards. ...

  • used almost exclusively for Sega Mega-CD connection
  • not present on Genesis 3 model
  • also used for the Sega Genesis 6 Cart Demo Unit (DS-16) in stores.

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Official peripherals

Hardware Add Ons

  • Sega Multi Tap (allowed up to 4 controllers)
  • Sega Mega-CD (allowed CD ROM games and music CDs to be played)
    • Sega Mega CD Karaoke Add On (connects to the side of a Mega Drive and Mega-CD for karaoke CDs and parties)
  • Sega 32X (allowed games with higher graphical capabilities)
  • Power Base Converter to play Sega Master System games on the Mega Drive.
  • Amplified Stereo Mini Speakers (Given away by Sega for free for a limited time, they plug directly into the model 1 headphone jack and are 7 watt and have individual volume, bass, and treble controls on each speaker; and ran on four C batteries)
  • Demo System DS-16 6-Cart Changer (Cartridge with a wire extending from the top to a black box with 6 cartridge ports and a palm grip button (similar to a detonator switch) that would allow you to cycle through the 6 games at any time)
  • Zero Tolerance Link Cable (a system link cable compatible with only Zero Tolerance)

Control PlayStation 2 Multitap Hudson Soft released a Super Famicom Multitap in the shape of Bombermans face. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... Zero Tolerances first stage. ...

  • Wired 3 button controller (standard controller)
  • Wired 6 button controller (for games like Mortal Kombat and Street Fighter II': Special Champion Edition)
  • Wired Mega Fire controller (features turbo mode for rapid fire)
  • Wireless 6 button controller set (comes with 2 wireless 6 button pads and receiver)
  • Arcade Power Stick with 3 buttons (joystick)
  • Arcade Power Stick II with 6 buttons (improved joystick)
  • Sega Mouse and Sega Mega Mouse (For games like Wacky Worlds Creativity Studio)
  • Menacer Light Gun (comes with cartridge and receiver)
  • Sega Activator
  • TV Golf Golf Club Controller (packed with PGA Tour Golf and PGA Tour Golf II)
  • Batter Up Baseball Controller (foam covered baseball bat)
  • Outback Joey Heartbeat Personal Trainer (this has the ability to measure your heartbeat, bike cycles etc. on an on screen display for several people. Less than 1000 were made and it is one of the rarest peripherals for the system)

Memory Mortal Kombat was the first entry in the famous and highly controversial Mortal Kombat fighting game series by Midway, released in arcades in 1992. ... Street Fighter II ) is a 1991 competitive fighting game by Capcom. ... In 1994, following the Super Nintendo Mouse, Sega had released a mouse for their own 16-bit console, Sega Mega Drive (aka Sega Genesis). ... In this screenshot of RollerCoaster Tycoon, a go-kart ride is visible along with parts of a log flume water ride and an inverted roller coaster. ... Image:Menacer. ... The Sega Activator was an octagonal game controller for the Sega Genesis that used infrared beams to interpret movements. ... The Mega Drive/Genesis version of PGA Tour 96 presented real 3D courses, which was one of the major achievements in the series. ...

  • Mega-CD Backup RAM Cartridge (16 more times storage, offering 1 MB of space instead of the Mega-CD's 64KB)

Online

  • Mega Net Modem (attaches to the back DE9 EXT port on early Mega Drive 1 models and goes into a phone connection with a speed of 1,600 to 2,400 bit/s, never released outside of Japan but it was officially called the Tele-Genesis in the US, it allowed online play and the access to rare online only games through the MegaNet online service)
  • XBAND Modem
  • TV Cable games adapter (a cartridge connectable to a TV cable, allowing subscription payers to play demos, enter competitions and get game cheats)
  • Mega Anser Set (Includes official Mega Drive number input pad, mini printer, phone with answering machine facility and cartridge. Mega Net Modem required, allowed the Mega Drive to organise bank accounts online and print off the statements. If switched on all the time it would also take messages for you. Japan only.)

Sega Master System Accessories XBAND was an early online console gaming network for SNES and Sega Genesis systems. ...


All of which are compatible with the Mega Drive through the converter, see the Sega Master System page for all of the Master System's Accessories. The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ...


Other

  • Sega Powerstrip (extension cord for plugs, black with the Sega logo on it)
  • 2 Carry cases (one for 15 cartridges and another to carry the Mega Drive 1)
  • Video Game Organiser (holds mark 1 console, cables, two controllers, and 25 games with no manuals or boxes)

Unreleased

  • Virtual Reality Headset (to compete with Nintendo's virtual boy)
  • Graphics tablet (it is believed work on this project was carried over to the Sega Pico)[citation needed]
  • Keyboard (Cancelled due to the poor performance of the Mega Net Modem in Japan)[citation needed]
  • 3.5 inch Floppy Disc drive (Cancelled due to the poor performance of the Mega Modem in Japan)[citation needed]
  • Analogue steering wheel (designed for Virtua Racing, but the game didn't sell well, project carried over to the Saturn)[citation needed]
  • SVP Chip Modular Cartridge (The Virtua Racing cartridge included a special type of chip to be played, and if any more games were released that needed this extra chip they would've had to have been made on the cartridge. This was a "pass through" cartridge containing the chip and eliminating costs, but Virtua Racing was the only game to have used this chip)[citation needed]
  • Mega Gear (Similar concept design to the Master System Converter, this was a product supposedly in development early into the Sega Game Gear's life that would allow Mega Drive users to play their Sega Game Gear titles on their home console, similar to how the SNES could run Game Boy games using the Super Game Boy cartridge or the GameCube and it's Game Boy Player, this was only rarely talked about in magazines, but there was no official announcement made by Sega, though it was very likely that this was in devolpment).[citation needed]

Significant 3rd party accessories The Sega Pico The Sega Pico, also known as Kids Computer Pico ), was an electronic toy by Sega. ... Virtua Formula 8-machine plus commentator setup at the extinct Sega Virtualand, inside the Luxor Casino, Las Vegas, USA, in 1993. ... Virtua Formula 8-machine plus commentator setup at the extinct Sega Virtualand, inside the Luxor Casino, Las Vegas, USA, in 1993. ... Sega Master System The Sega Master System (SMS for short) (Japanese: マスターシステム), was an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console manufactured by Sega. ... The Sega Game Gear was Segas first portable gaming system. ... For the entire Game Boy series of handheld consoles, see Game Boy line. ... Super Game Boy Box art. ... The Nintendo GameCube (Japanese: ゲームキューブ; originally code-named Dolphin during development; abbreviated as GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the 128-bit era; the same generation as Segas Dreamcast, Sonys PlayStation 2, and Microsofts Xbox. ... The Game Boy Player is a device made by Nintendo for the Nintendo GameCube which enables Game Boy (although Super Game Boy enhancements are ignored), Game Boy Color, or Game Boy Advance cartridges to be played on a television. ...

  • Import cartridges (to allow Japanese cartridges to be played on Genesis or European Mega Drives)
  • Cheat cartridges (such as the Action Replay by Datel and the Game Genie by Codemasters)
  • Analogue control pad (incredibly rare Japan only Mega Drive pad with an analogue stick and triggers)[citation needed]
  • Justifer light gun (small revolver style light gun made by Konami)
  • Hyperscore Cartridge (uploads your high scores into teletext)
  • Miracle Keyboard (full musical keyboard)
  • Aura Interactor (An incredibly rare and interesting perphieral like a bullet proof vest, while wearing it you can turn your Mega Drive or SNES on from the other side of the room and has other control functions)
  • Simulator II Action Chair (One of the first ever "gamer chairs", it allowed gamers to pivot in eight directions while controlling the game through two stationary sticks located on either side and buttons on the tops and sides of each stick, made by Simulator Technologies Inc.)

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Game Genie cartridges for the (clockwise from top) Super NES, NES, Sega Game Gear, and the Game Boy systems. ... Konami Corporation ) (TYO: 9766 NYSE: KNM SGX: K20) is a leading developer and publisher of numerous popular and strong-selling toys, trading cards, anime, tokusatsu, slot machines and video games. ...

Master System compatibility

Sega Power Base Converter
Sega Power Base Converter

One of the key design features of the console is its backwards compatibility with Sega's previous console, the Sega Master System (SMS). The 16-bit design was based upon the 8-bit design, albeit enhanced and extended in many areas. In order to achieve backwards compatibility, the original SMS central processor and sound chip (the Z80 and SN76489) were included in the Mega Drive and the Mega Drive's Video Display Processor (VDP) was capable of the SMS VDP's mode 4 (though it cannot run in modes 0, 1, 2, or 3). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1009x776, 1352 KB) Image of a power base adapter. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1009x776, 1352 KB) Image of a power base adapter. ... In technology (especially computing), backward compatibility has several related but differing meanings: A system is backward compatible if it is compatible with earlier versions of itself, or sometimes other earlier systems, particularly systems it intends to supplant. ... The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Zilog Z80 is an 8-bit microprocessor designed and manufactured by Zilog from 1976 onwards. ...


As the cartridge slot was of a different shape, Sega released the Power Base Converter, a separate device that sits between an SMS cartridge and the Mega Drive's cartridge slot. The Power Base Converter does not contain any SMS components, instead functioning as a pass-through device. The converter contains a top slot for cartridge-based games along with a front slot for card based games. When an 8-bit game is inserted, the system puts the Z80 in control, leaving the 68000 idle.


Both 2-button SMS pads and standard Mega Drive pads can be used to play SMS games, although due to slight differences in how the pads operate, some SMS games inadvertently cause the wrong set of inputs to be selected in a Mega Drive pad, preventing input from working properly and necessitating the use of an SMS controller. As with the SMS, the PAUSE button is not part of the gamepad connector and instead was implemented as a push-button switch on the device.


In Japan the device is known as the Mega Adaptor. The PAL variant is called the Master System Converter in mainland Europe.


The Power Base Converter is not fully compatible with the redesigned Mega Drive 2. A second version, the Master System Converter II, was released to address this problem. This second version adapter, however, was produced in far fewer quantities and only released in Europe. Today, it is much tougher to find (and more expensive) than the original Power Base Converter.


Modifications

It is possible to overclock the Motorola 68000 CPU in some cases in excess of 300% (the current known world record is 25.4 MHz), though it may not be completely stable beyond a certain point on each console.[10] The result of overclocking the CPU doesn't speed up the games any, but actually eliminates slowdown that some games are plagued by (such as Sonic 2 splitscreen). The reason for this is most games do the processing for a video frame, then wait for the vertical blank interrupt. If the processor runs faster, it simply finishes the processing for the video frame earlier, and waits for the vertical blank interrupt for a longer period of time.


Another curious modification is to replace the stock 68000 processor with a 68010. Since the CPU isn't socketed, this requires the removal of the old CPU, and soldering in of the new. The 68010 is a pin-compatible, 'enhanced' version of the 68000, which is a bit more efficient internally and offers some new features. According to modder Robert Ivy, upgrading the CPU to a 68010 does not necessarily make the games run faster, it just reduces how much they slow down in intensive situations (due to reason explained in previous paragraph). Also, the DAC's digital audio output may sound cleaner and less distorted because the 68010 has a "loop mode" to run small loops faster, which may allow the Z80 to receive PCM data faster. However, the 68010 is not 100% object code-compatible with the 68000, so machines modified with a 68010 processor are not able to run certain games properly; such as Sonic 3, Sonic and Knuckles, Street Fighter II, Red Zone, and a few others. It is possible to mod the console up to a max of 13.4 MHz. The Motorola MC68010 processor is a 16/32-bit microprocessor from Motorola, released in 1982 [1]. It is largely similar to the Motorola 68000 CPU with the exception of the addition of several instructions for breakpoint and register control (ccr instead of sr), as well as the ability to save...


Other mods have been for the console, such as switches to instantly switch between 50 Hz and 60 Hz, language settings, being able to fit Japanese carts and various paint finishes.


Resurgent popularity

In recent years, there has been something of a revival of interest in the Mega Drive, led largely by the grey market trade in both unlicensed cartridges and dumped ROMs, which are played through emulators such as Kega Fusion, GENS, or Genecyst. There is also a trend towards home programming, using the PC-based SGCC. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Read-only memory (usually known by its acronym, ROM) is a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. ... DosBox emulates the familiar command line interface of DOS. An emulator duplicates (provide an emulation of) the functions of one system with a different system, so that the second system behaves like (and appears to be) the first system. ... Kega Fusion is an emulator for the Sega Mega Drive (also known as the Genesis). ... GENS is an open source emulator for the Sega Genesis (Sega Megadrive). ... Genecyst was a popular Sega Genesis/Sega Megadrive emulator for DOS, by Bloodlust Software (the same team that made NESticle). ... A personal computer (PC) is a computer whose price, size, and capabilities make it useful for individuals. ... Sega Genesis C Compiler. ...


In 2004, there came a trend toward plug-and-play TV games, and Radica Games has released licensed, self-contained versions of the Sega Mega Drive in both North America (as the Play TV Legends Sega Genesis)[11] and Europe (as the Sega Mega Drive 6-in-1 Plug 'n' Play), which contain six popular games in a small box and control pad. It does not have a cartridge slot, and thus is a dedicated console. However, Benjamin Heckendorn, of Atari portablizing fame, has proven that it is possible to connect a cartridge slot with some soldering. The Atari Classic 10-in-1 TV game by Jakks Pacific A TV game is an interactive entertainment device designed for use on a television set that does not require the use of an actual video game console for operation. ... Radica Games Limited NASDAQ: RADA is a company that produces electronic games. ... A dedicated console is a video game console that is dedicated to a built in game or games, and is not equipped for additional games, via cartridge or other media. ... Benjamin Heckendorn Benjamin J. Heckendorn (b. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ...


The GameTap subscription gaming service includes a Genesis emulator, and has several dozen licensed Genesis games in its catalog. GameTap is a subscription-based video game service by Turner Broadcasting System (TBS). ...


On March 23, 2006, it was announced at the Game Developers Conference in San Jose, California that Nintendo would offer Sega Mega Drive games to be emulated on the Wii home console. These games are now available along with other systems' titles under the Wii's Virtual Console. The 16-bit Sega selections available on the Virtual Console at launch were Altered Beast, Columns, Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine, Ecco the Dolphin, Golden Axe, Gunstar Heroes, Ristar, and Sonic the Hedgehog. Each title costs 800 Wii Points (US$8) except in Japan, where they are 600 Points (¥600). is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Game Developers Conference (GDC) is the largest annual gathering of professional video game developers, focusing on learning, inspiration, and networking. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... This article is about Nintendos emulation feature and download service. ... Altered Beast (獣王記 Jūōki, literally Beast Kings Chronicle, in Japan) is a 1988 arcade game developed and manufactured by Sega. ... Columns (also called Jewels) is a puzzle computer game, arcade game and console game with many similarities to Tetris. ... Dr. Robotniks Mean Bean Machine is a Sonic the Hedgehog video game. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Golden Axe is a side-scrolling arcade slash em up game released in 1989 by Sega. ... Gunstar Heroes ) is a run and gun video game released in 1993 by Treasure Co. ... Ristar (Ristar the Shooting Star in Japan) is a platform game published and developed by Sega for the Sega Genesis in 1995. ... Sonic the Hedgehog is the platform game that launched the career of Sonic the Hedgehog and Sonic Team. ...


On May 22, 2006, Super Fighter Team released Beggar Prince, a game translated from a 1996 Taiwanese original. It is the first commercial Sega Mega Drive game since 1998 in the North American market. It was released worldwide. is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Super Fighter Team is a video game company based in San Diego, California. ... Beggar Prince (Chinese Xin Qigai Wangzi 新乞丐王子, litterally The New The Prince and the Pauper) is a Taiwanese game for Sega Mega Drive, originally released in 1996. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... See alternative meanings for other possible definitions. ...


At Tokyo Game Show on September 21, 2006, Ken Kutaragi, President and CEO of Sony Computer Entertainment, announced that Sega Mega Drive game ports would be available on the PlayStation Network (network service for the Playstation 3). No specific titles or price points have been confirmed as of yet, with Kutagari simply stating that these specifics will be discussed with individual publishers. This, however, was later contradicted by SEGA Japan when a short statement was issued stating "that such claims are not correct at this point".[12] is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ken Kutaragi (久夛良木 健 Kutaragi Ken, born August 8, 1950) former Chairman and chief executive officer of Sony Computer Entertainment (SCEI), the video game division of Sony Corporation until his retirement. ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... Icons of the various PSN features PlayStation Network is Sonys free online service provided for use with their PlayStation 3 video game console. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ...


References

v  d  e
Selected home game consoles
First generation
Magnavox OdysseyPongColeco Telstar
Second generation
Fairchild Channel FAtari 2600Interton VC 4000Odyssey²IntellivisionArcadia 2001Atari 5200ColecoVisionVectrex • SG-1000
Third generation
NESMaster SystemAtari 7800
Fourth Generation
TurboGrafx-16Mega Drive/GenesisNeo GeoSNES
Fifth generation
3DOAmiga CD32JaguarSaturnPlayStationNintendo 64Virtual Boy
Sixth generation
DreamcastPlayStation 2GameCubeXbox
Seventh generation
Xbox 360PlayStation 3Wii
  1. ^ Greg Orlando (2007-05-15). Console Portraits: A 40-Year Pictorial History of Gaming p. 21. Wired News. Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  2. ^ Ken Polsson. Chronology of Sega Video Games. islandnet.com. Retrieved on 2006-12-01.
  3. ^ Sam Pettus (January 2007). SegaBase Volume 3 - Mega Drive / Genesis. SegaBase v1.10 p. 3. Eidolon's Inn. Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  4. ^ Sega Genesis. A Brief History of Game Console Warfare. BusinessWeek. Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  5. ^ Steven L. Kent, The Ultimate History of Video Games, p. 404.
  6. ^ Greg Orlando (2007-05-15). Console Portraits: A 40-Year Pictorial History of Gaming. Wired News. Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  7. ^ Foulger, C. (2000). Sega Mega Drive Frequently Asked Questions, version 2.2.
  8. ^ Moby Game Duke Nukem page. Retrieved on 2006-09-24.
  9. ^ Tec Toy. Retrieved on 2006-09-24.
  10. ^ guide at Epic Gaming MegaDrive/Genesis Overclocking. Retrieved on 2006-09-24.
  11. ^ Play TV Legends Sega Genesis - Radica Games. Retrieved on 2006-09-24.
  12. ^ SEGA Denies Genesis support for PS3 - WORTHPLAYING. Retrieved on 2006-09-23.

This is a list of video game consoles by the era they appeared in. ... The first generation of video game consoles lasted from 1972 until 1977. ... The Magnavox Odyssey was the worlds first commercially sold video game console. ... PONG helped bring computerized video games into everyday life. ... The Telstar is a video game console produced by Coleco which first went on sale in 1976. ... The second generation of video game consoles lasted from 1976 until 1984. ... The Fairchild Channel F is the worlds second cartridge-based video game console, after the Magnavox Odyssey. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... The VC 4000 is an early 8-bit cartridge-based game console released in Germany in 1978 by Interton. ... Magnavox Odyssey² video game console The Magnavox Odyssey², known in Europe as the Philips Videopac G7000, in Brazil as the Philips Odyssey, in the United States as the Magnavox Odyssey² and the Philips Odyssey², and also by many other names, is a video game console released in 1978. ... The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1979. ... Emerson Arcadia 2001, intended as a portable game console, the Arcadia 2001 was released by Emerson Radio Corp in mid-1982. ... The Atari 5200 SuperSystem, or simply Atari 5200, is a video game console that was introduced in 1982 by Atari as a replacement for the famous Atari 2600. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Vectrex is an 8-bit video game console developed by General Consumer Electric (GCE) and later bought by Milton Bradley Company. ... The SG-1000, which stands for Sega Game 1000, is a cartridge-based video game console manufactured by Sega. ... In the history of video games, the 8-bit era was the third generation of video game consoles, but the first after the video game crash of 1983 and considered by some to be the first modern era of console gaming. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... In the history of video games, the 16-bit era was the fourth generation of video game consoles. ... For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ... Neo-Geo is the name of a cartridge-based arcade and home video game system released in 1990 by Japanese game company SNK. The system offered comparatively colorful 2D graphics and high-quality sound. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES (also called SNES and Super Nintendo) was a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Europe, Australasia, and Brazil between 1990 and 1993. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit /3D era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... 3DO Interactive Multiplayer (most commonly referred to as the 3DO) is a line of video game consoles which were released in 1993 and 1994 by Panasonic, Sanyo and Goldstar, among other companies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Atari Jaguar is a video game console that was released in November 1993 to rival the Mega Drive/Genesis and the Super Nintendo Entertainment System as a powerful next generation platform. ... It has been suggested that Arcade Racer Joystick be merged into this article or section. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... The Nintendo 64 ), often abbreviated as N64, was Nintendos third home video game console for the international market. ... Nintendos Virtual Boy ) was the first portable game console capable of displaying true 3D graphics. ... The sixth-generation era (sometimes referred to as the 128-bit era; see Number of bits below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century. ... The Dreamcast , code-named White Belt, Black Belt, Dural, Dricas, Vortex, Katana, Shark and Guppy during development) is Segas final video game console and the successor to the Sega Saturn. ... “PS2” redirects here. ... The Nintendo GameCube , GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... In the history of computer and video games, the seventh generation began on November 21, 2004 with the United States release of the Nintendo DS. The beginning of the seventh generation for home consoles came on November 22, 2005 with the release of Microsofts Xbox 360, and continued a... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BusinessWeek is a business magazine published by McGraw-Hill. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wired News, online at Wired. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

This is a list of 800+ games for the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis video game console, organized alphabetically by their English title. ... A . ... The Sega Activator was an octagonal game controller for the Sega Genesis that used infrared beams to interpret movements. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

External links

  • Sega Mega Drive at the gameinfo wiki
  • Sega-16 – Reviews, features, and interviews on every aspect of the Genesis era.
  • SegaBase – Comprehensive history of this system
  • GameSX – A/V, Cartridge and Expansion port pinouts and controller information
  • Sega Universal Historical Society's Genesis page
  • Console Passion Retro Games – Complete listing of every European Mega Drive game with descriptions, cover scans and downloadable checklist.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sega Mega Drive - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3169 words)
Sega used the name Mega Drive for the Japanese, European, Asian, Australian and Brazilian versions of the console.
The Mega Drive was released in Japan in October 29, 1988 for ¥21,000, almost exactly a year after the first console popularly classed as a 16-bit machine - the NEC PC Engine.
The failures of the Sega CD and 32X, a lack of effective advertising, and disputes between Sega of America and Sega of Japan had taken their toll on the company.
Sega Mega-CD - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1899 words)
Sega wanted to showcase the power of the Sega CD, and so focused on the "FMV" games rather than importing "extended" games that only expanded ordinary games by taking advantage of the extra storage space of the CD media.
Sega insisted on licensing and producing primarily "full motion video" games similar to earlier laserdisc games, that were universally panned by game reviewers.
Unlike the Mega Drive, which was a very successful console in Europe, only 60,000 of the 70,000 Mega-CD's shipped to Europe were sold by August 1993.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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