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Encyclopedia > Sega Game Gear
Image:Logo gamegear.png
Sega Game Gear
Game Gear with box
Manufacturer Sega
Type Handheld game console
Generation Fourth generation
First available JP October 6, 1990
NA EU 1991
AUS 1992
Units sold 8.56 million

The Sega Game Gear is a handheld game console which was Sega's response to Nintendo's Game Boy. It was the third commercially available color handheld console, after the Atari Lynx and the Turbo Express. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A console manufacturer is a company that manufactures and distributes video game consoles. ... This article is about the video game company. ... A handheld game console is a lightweight, portable electronic machine for playing video games. ... Video games were introduced as a commercial entertainment medium in 1971, becoming the basis for an important entertainment industry in the late 1970s/early 1980s in the United States, Japan, and Europe. ... In the history of video games, the 16-bit era was the fourth generation of video game consoles. ... This article is about the country in East Asia. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Australia (disambiguation). ... This is a list of video game console and handheld game console sales. ... A handheld game console is a lightweight, portable electronic machine for playing video games. ... This article is about the video game company. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... For the entire Game Boy series of handheld consoles, see Game Boy line. ... The Lynx was a handheld game console released by Atari in 1989. ... The TurboExpress was a portable version of the TurboGrafx 16, and was released in 1990. ...


Work began on the console in 1989 under the codename "Project Mercury", as per Sega's policy at the time of codenaming their systems after planets. The system was released in Japan on October 6, 1990, in North America and Europe in 1991, and in Australia in 1992. The launch price was $149.99. [1][2] Sega dropped support for the Game Gear in early 1997. Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...

Contents

Features

Games

A screenshot from Sonic the Hedgehog (1991) for Game Gear.
A screenshot from Sonic the Hedgehog (1991) for Game Gear.

Over 250 titles were released worldwide for the Game Gear, although at the time of the console's launch there were only six software titles available. Sega made sure that a wide variety of video game genres were represented on the system, in order to give it a broad appeal. Prices for game cartridges initially ranged from $24.99 to $29.99 each. They were molded black plastic with a rounded front for convenient removal. The original Game Gear pack-in title was Columns. It was similar to the Tetris cartridge that Nintendo had included when it launched the Game Boy. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Sonic the Hedgehog ) is a platform game developed by Sonic Team and published by Sega for the Mega Drive/Genesis system. ... This is a list of games available for the Sega Game Gear handheld video game system. ... Video games are categorized into genres based on their gameplay. ... Columns (also called Jewels) is a puzzle computer game, arcade game and console game with many similarities to Tetris. ... For the entire Game Boy series of handheld consoles, see Game Boy line. ...


Popular titles included Sega's own series, notably Sonic the Hedgehog, Disney movie extensions, such as The Lion King, and 3rd-party developer games like Mortal Kombat. The Sonic the Hedgehog series is a franchise of video games released by Sega (usually developed by their Sonic Team division) and starring their mascot character Sonic the Hedgehog. ... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Mortal Kombat was the first entry in the famous and highly controversial Mortal Kombat fighting game series by Midway, released in arcades in 1992. ...


In an unusual step, Sega decided not to region encode Game Gear cartridges, meaning that any system could play any games regardless of the country they were released in. This practice helped to make the console popular among import gamers. An exception to this universal compatibility is the TV Tuner accessory, which will not work in regions it was not designed for due to differences in TV broadcast signals in different countries. Regional lockout is the programming practice, code, chip, or physical barrier used to prevent the playing of media designed for a device from the country where it is marketed on the version of the same device marketed in another country. ... Import gamers are a subset of the video game player community that partake in the practice of purchasing games from another region, usually from Japan where the majority of games originate. ...


Design

The Game Gear was basically a portable Master System with a lower resolution screen, but allowed for a larger color palette, and therefore better-looking graphics. In addition, it could also produce stereo sound (through headphones) as opposed to the Master System's monaural output, although very few games made use of the stereo capabilities. Unlike the original Game Boy, the system was held in a "landscape" position, with the controls at the sides, making it less cramped to hold. The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... A palette, in computer graphics, is a designated subset of the total range of colors supported by a computer graphics system. ... In telecommunication, the term landscape mode has the following meanings: In facsimile, the mode for scanning lines across the longer dimension of a rectangular object, , rectangular original. ...


Sega had taken a similar approach when developing the Sega Mega Drive, basing it on Sega's 16-bit arcade hardware. This enabled direct conversion of popular games. Likewise, because of the similarities between the Master System and the Game Gear, it was possible for Master System games to be written directly onto ROMs in Game Gear cartridges. The Sega Mega Drive ) is a video game console released by Sega in Japan in 1988, North America in 1989, and the PAL region in 1990. ... Read-only memory (usually known by its acronym, ROM) is a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. ... Cartridge for the VIC 20 homecomputer In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e. ...


Variations

The blue Game Gear sports edition, identical to the standard Game Gear, except in body color, was released in 1993, with the game World Series Baseball. Another specialty edition was a red Coca-Cola-themed Game Gear unit, released to the Japanese market, which came with a game entitled Coca-Cola Kid. In Japan, Sega also introduced Kids Gear. It was a repackaging of the Game Gear system in a different color case. Software advertised for Kids Gear focused more on children's game titles. Kids Gear was never released in the United States. The wave shape (known as the dynamic ribbon device) present on all Coca-Cola cans throughout the world derives from the contour of the original Coca-Cola bottles. ...


Accessories

Several accessories for the Game Gear were also produced by Sega:

  • The Game Gear TV Tuner plugged into the system's cartridge slot, and allowed one to watch TV on the Game Gear's screen. However, the TV Tuner will only work with older Game Gears, those with a glass screen. At some point Sega changed the Game Gear screen to plastic, which made the TV Tuner incompatible with the unit.
  • The Super Wide Gear was an accessory that magnified the Game Gear screen to compensate for its relatively small size.
  • The Car Gear adapter plugged into car cigarette lighters to power the system while travelling.
  • An adapter called the MasterGear Converter allowed for Sega Master System cartridges to be plugged in and played on the Game Gear. The reverse though, of playing a Game Gear game on a Master System console, was not possible due to the Game Gear's larger color palette.
  • The Gear-to-Gear Cable was an accessory that established a data connection between two Game Gears using the same multi-player game and let users play against each other.

“TV” redirects here. ... The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ...

Sales and competition

The Game Gear was not very popular in Japan, where it was released to a generally apathetic audience, with build quality issues plaguing it early in its service life. Another problem was battery life; while better than earlier color backlit systems, its 5 hour battery life (using alkaline batteries) still wasn't as good as the Game Boy (due to that system's monochrome screen, lack of a backlight, and less powerful hardware). Battery life was a much bigger issue before handheld systems had built-in rechargeable batteries: gamers needed either a constant supply of six AA batteries, or a rechargeable battery pack that was sold separately.


Pricewise, the Game Gear was more expensive than the Game Boy ($149.99, versus $89.99 for the Game Boy). [3] The significantly larger price tag contributed to driving away potential Game Gear buyers.


When first launched in America, a memorable TV advertising campaign was used to promote the system as superior to the Game Boy. One commercial featured a dog looking back and forth at both portables, with a narrator saying, "If you were colorblind and had an IQ of less than twelve, then you wouldn't care which portable you had. Of course, you wouldn't care if you drank from the toilet, either."[4] An advertisement was shown in black and white, with players milling about aimlessly in a dark void, playing Game Boys. A lone rebel appears with a Game Gear, cuing the narrator's comment of "The Sega Game Gear: Separates the men from the boys." Another showed a gamer (Ethan Suplee) hitting himself in the head with a rigid, dead squirrel in order to see color on his Game Boy.[5] When the Game Boy began to appear in different colors, Sega's ad ridiculed it by showing the Game Boy disguised in loaves of bread. Another ad from that era featured a professor explaining that though the Game Boy now was available in bright colors, the graphics were still monochrome, and therefore Game Gear was still superior. Although Sega was rather proud of these original marketing campaigns, it may have backfired since many gamers - loyal to their existing Nintendo handhelds - saw the ads as offensive, condescending or even patronizing. Negative advertising may have also been detrimental since it implied that the Game Gear was in second place (as indeed it was). However, less offensive advertising included the phrase SEGA does what Nintendon't, but even that phrase did not discourage Nintendo fans from buying the Game Boy instead. Ethan Suplee (born May 25, 1976) is an American actor featured in the NBC sitcom My Name Is Earl as Earl Hickeys dimwitted but supportive brother, Randy Hickey. ...


Although its color backlit screen and ergonomic design made it technically superior to the Game Boy, the Game Gear did not manage to take over a significant share of the market. This can be blamed partly on the perception that it was too bulky, and on its somewhat low battery performance: the device required six AA batteries, and the backlit screen consumed these in approximately five hours (six on the later versions), compared to 10-14 hours of four-AA battery lifespan for the Game Boy. External and rechargeable battery packs were sold to extend the devices' battery life. At that time, rechargeable batteries had strict limitations (e.g. the batteries needed to be discharged before being recharged). Ni-Cd batteries were the mainstream type of rechargeable batteries during that era, and Ni-MH and Li-Ion batteries would not become mainstream until after the Game Gear was phased out. ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... The nickel-cadmium battery (commonly abbreviated NiCd or NiCad) is a popular type of rechargeable battery for portable electronics and toys. ... Modern, high capacity NiMH batteries A Nickel metal hydride (or NiMH) battery is a type of rechargeable battery similar to a nickel-cadmium (NiCad) battery but without the expensive and environmentally unfriendly metal cadmium. ... Li-Ion Camera Battery Lithium ion batteries (or Li-ion) have become very common and dropped in price recently. ...


However, Sega's biggest problem was that it failed to enlist as many key software developers as Nintendo, so the Game Gear was perceived as lacking as many games. Although it was a moderate success, the Game Gear did not manage to achieve the commercial success that Game Boy did, in that when it went off the market it was not replaced by an immediate successor. The Game Gear, however, did better than other portable systems that tried to compete with the Game Boy, such as the preceding Atari Lynx. The Game Gear did suffer from some of the same key problems that plagued the similar Lynx, though Sega did somewhat better than Atari due to more titles and a stronger marketing campaign. In the end, the Game Gear gained most of its sales by pushing the Lynx out of the market rather than eating into the Game Boy's dominant share. For the entire Game Boy series of handheld consoles, see Game Boy line. ... The Lynx was a handheld game console released by Atari in 1989. ...


Remakes and emulation

Support ended in 1997, but Majesco released a core version of the Game Gear in 2000 for a reduced price. The Majesco Core Game Gear differed slightly from the original Game Gear in that it was black and had a purple start button rather than dark grey and a blue start button, the logo on the front of the unit was no longer in color, and it did not support the television tuner accessory. Its screen had a better refresh rate than the original model. It also had a somewhat better speaker that did not distort as much when played loudly. It was part of Majesco's strategy of eking profits from products with margins too slim for the original manufacturer to pursue, and was accompanied by Majesco's licensed reissue of several classic Game Gear cartridges. Majesco-reissued cartridges are distinguished by having no plastic case, and a Majesco Sales logo on the label, as well as the current games ratings system, which differs slightly from the one formerly used by Sega. The Majesco logo was not prominent, and these were marketed under the Sega name. Majesco Entertainment is a video game developer founded in 1986. ... The Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) is a self-regulatory organization that applies and enforces ratings, advertising guidelines, and online privacy principles for computer and video games in the United States. ...


The Game Gear was rereleased in a smaller handheld form factor in late 2006. This small handheld device was powered by 3 AAA batteries, had a brighter active matrix screen, and contained 20 Game Gear and Sega Master System games.[6] It was released under several brands including Coleco and PlayPal. The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... Coleco (1932 - 1989) was a company founded in 1932 by Maurice Greenberg as Connecticut Leather Company. It became a highly successful toy company in the 1980s, known for its mass-produced version of Cabbage Patch Kids and, to a lesser extent, for its video game consoles Coleco Telstar and ColecoVision. ...


As of 2006, software emulators for Game Gear have been made for a number of devices such as the GP2X, GP32, Game Boy Advance, Nintendo DS, Symbian, Windows Mobile, iPod, PC, Palm OS, and the PlayStation Portable, many of which use less power, fewer batteries and come in smaller form factors than the Game Gear. This article is about emulation in computer science. ... The GP2X is an open-source, Linux-based handheld video game console and media player created and sold by GamePark Holdings of South Korea. ... The GP32 (GamePark 32) is a hand held console built by the Korean company Game Park. ... “GBA” redirects here. ... “NDS” redirects here. ... Symbian OS is an operating system with associated libraries, user interface frameworks and reference implementations of common tools, produced by Symbian. ... Windows Mobile is a compact operating system combined with a suite of basic applications for mobile devices based on the Microsoft Win32 API. Devices which run Windows Mobile include Pocket PCs, Smartphones, and Portable Media Centers. ... iPod is a brand of portable media player designed and marketed by Apple and launched in October 2001. ... MEKA is primarily a Sega Master System emulator, though it also emulates SG-1000, SC-3000 Sega Super Control Station (SF-7000), Sega Mark III, Sega Game Gear, ColecoVision, and Othello Multivision. ... Palm OS is a compact operating system developed and licensed by PalmSource, Inc. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ...


Though its sales success as a non-Nintendo handheld has been surpassed by the Sony PSP, the Game Gear still stands as the longest supported handheld console not made by Nintendo. The finished PlayStation Portable, and a variety of accessories. ...


Technical specifications

  • Main processor: Zilog Z80 (8-bit)
  • Processor speed: 3.58 MHz (same as NTSC dot clock)
  • Resolution: 160 x 146 pixels
  • Colors available: 4,096
  • Colors on screen: 32
  • Maximum sprites: 64
  • Sprite size: 8x8 or 8x16
  • Screen size: 3.2 inches (81 mm)
  • Audio: 3 square wave generators, 1 noise generator, the system has a mono speaker, but stereo sound can be had via headphone input.
  • RAM: 24 KB
  • Power:
  • Physical:
    • dimensions: 20cm x 11,3cm x ?
    • weight: ~400g

One of the first Z80 microprocessors manufactured; the date stamp is from June 1976. ... NTSC is the analog television system in use in the United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, the Philippines, Mexico, and some other countries, mostly in the Americas (see map). ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ...

See also

Handheld game consoles
Early units
See Microvision and Handheld electronic games
Nintendo handhelds
Game & Watch | Game Boy (Pocket) (Light) | Game Boy Color | Game Boy Advance (SP) | Game Boy Micro | Pokémon Pikachu | Pokémon mini | Nintendo DS (Lite)
Bandai handhelds
WonderSwan | WonderSwan Color | SwanCrystal
GamePark/Holdings handhelds
GP32 | GP2X | XGP | XGP Mini | XGP Kids
SNK handhelds
Neo Geo Pocket | Neo Geo Pocket Color
Sega handhelds
Game Gear | Nomad | Mega Jet | VMU
Sony handhelds
PocketStation | PlayStation Portable (Slim)
Other handhelds
Atari Lynx | Gamate | Watara Supervision | Mega Duck | Game.com | Gizmondo | N-Gage | TurboExpress | Pepper Pad | GameKing | iRiver G10 | Ez MINI | OQO Model 2
Comparison

A handheld game console is a lightweight, portable electronic machine for playing video games. ... Microvision The Microvision was a hand-held game console released by Milton Bradley Company in 1979. ... Handheld electronic games are very small, portable devices for playing interactive games, often miniaturized versions of video games. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... Ball (Silver), 1980. ... For the entire Game Boy series of handheld consoles, see Game Boy line. ... The Game Boy ) line is a line of battery-powered handheld game consoles sold by Nintendo. ... The Game Boy ) line is a line of battery-powered handheld game consoles sold by Nintendo. ... The Game Boy Color , shortened to GBC) is Nintendos successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of 1998 in the United States and 1999 in Europe. ... “GBA” redirects here. ... The Game Boy Advance SP ), released in February 2003, is an upgraded version of Nintendos Game Boy Advance. ... Game Boy Micro , trademarked Game Boy micro) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... “NDS” redirects here. ... The Nintendo DS Lite ) (sometimes abbreviated DSLite, or simply Lite, sold as the iQue DS Lite in China) is a dual-screen handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. ... This article is about the Japanese toy manufacturer. ... WonderSwan is a handheld game console released in Japan by Bandai in 1999. ... The WonderSwan Color is a handheld game console designed by Bandai. ... The SwanCrystal ) is the third (and likely final) version of Bandais WonderSwan handheld game console brand, succeeding the WonderSwan and WonderSwan Color. ... Game Park is a Korean company responsible for creating the GP32 and XGP. GP32 Hardware and Design // History Foundation Founded in 1996 in Korea, Game Park entered the industry through government money. ... GamePark Holdings is a Korean company responsible for creating the GP2X that was founded by former employees of the game maker GamePark. ... The GP32 (GamePark 32) is a hand held console built by the Korean company Game Park. ... The GP2X is an open-source, Linux-based handheld video game console and media player created and sold by GamePark Holdings of South Korea. ... The XGP (Extreme Game Player) is a portable video game system created by the Korean company GamePark as the follow-up to its GP32 handheld. ... The XGP is a portable video game system created by the Korean company GamePark as the follow-up to its GP32 handheld. ... The XGP is a portable video game system created by the Korean company GamePark as the follow-up to its GP32 handheld. ... “SNK” redirects here. ... Neo Geo Pocket (Monochrome) The Neo Geo Pocket was SNKs original hand held system. ... The Neo-Geo Pocket Color (or NGPC) was released on March 16, 1999 in Japan. ... This article is about the video game company. ... The Sega Nomad was a handheld game console sold in North America and South America, mainly in Brazil, essentially a mini-Genesis console, based on the Japanese Mega Jet and featuring a built-in color screen. ... The Sega Mega Jet The Sega Mega Jet was a handheld version of the Mega Drive video game console. ... Sega Dreamcast VMU The VMU, initialism of Visual Memory Unit (called VMS, Visual Memory System in Japan or Virtual Memory Unit), is a memory card peripheral for the Sega Dreamcast. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... The PocketStation is a miniature game console created by Sony as a peripheral for the PlayStation. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into PlayStation Portable. ... The Atari Lynx is Ataris only handheld game console, and the worlds first handheld portable gaming system with a color display. ... Gamate and 3 games The Gamate, known as 超級小子 (chaoji xiaozi, literally Super Boy) in Chinese-speaking countries, is a handheld game console manufactured by Bit Corporation in the early 1990s, and released in Australia, parts of Europe and Asia, and possibly other regions. ... The Watara Supervision and a cartridge. ... The Mega Duck and Cougar Boy with identical games for both systems. ... The Game. ... The Gizmondo handheld video game unit. ... This article is about the hand-held telephone. ... TurboExpress handheld, TV tuner, games The TurboExpress or (PC Engine GT in Japan) was a portable version of the TurboGrafx, released in 1990 for $249. ... The Pepper Pad is a mobile computer with Internet capability and doubles as a handheld game console. ... The GameKing is an 8-bit handheld game console produced by the Chinese company TimeTop since 2003. ... The iRiver G10 is a portable media player with 3D gaming capabilities currently in development by iriver. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Shanda. ... The OQO Model 2 is a pocket computer with Windows Vista and an x86 processor. ... This is a comparison of the features of various handheld game consoles. ... This is a list of games available for the Sega Game Gear handheld video game system. ...

References

  1. ^ http://gameconsoles.com/gamegearhome.htm
  2. ^ http://gameconsoles.com/gamegearhome.htm
  3. ^ http://gameconsoles.com/gamegearhome.htm
  4. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UN7wcZ_-ens
  5. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ncWyA4s3r7I
  6. ^ PlayPal portable player. Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  7. ^ http://www.heimcomputer.de/english/konsolen/gamegear.html

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Sega Portal
  • Official Sega support information

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vidgame.net: Sega Game Gear (371 words)
The Sega Game Gear was released in 1991 and was an 8 bit backlit color handheld system.
Virtua Game Gear is introduced in 2001-2002 for pocket PC devices.
In the early 1990's Sega criticized Nintendo by comparing their superior Sega products to the older Nintendo products that were still on the market.
Science Fair Projects - Sega Game Gear (673 words)
The Sega Game Gear was a handheld game console and was Sega's response to Nintendo's Game Boy.
The Game Gear was basically a pocket Master System, but allowed a larger color palette, and therefore potentially better-looking graphics.
One of the more famous and unusual peripherals for the Game Gear was the "TV Tuner Adapter", a device that plugged into the system's cartridge slot, and allowed you to watch TV on the Game Gear's screen.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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