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Encyclopedia > Sedan
A notchback full-size luxury sedan.
A notchback full-size luxury sedan.
The Honda Civic, an entry-level compact sedan.
The Honda Civic, an entry-level compact sedan.

A sedan car, American English terminology (saloon in British English), is one of the most common body styles of the modern automobile. At its most basic, the sedan is a passenger car with two rows of seats and adequate passenger space in the rear compartment for adult passengers. The vehicle has a separate trunk (boot in British English), for luggage at the rear. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 360 pixelsFull resolution (1190 × 536 pixel, file size: 638 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took the picture myself. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 360 pixelsFull resolution (1190 × 536 pixel, file size: 638 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took the picture myself. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 282 KB) Photo taken by me File links The following pages link to this file: Honda Civic Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 282 KB) Photo taken by me File links The following pages link to this file: Honda Civic Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Karl Benzs Velo model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race An automobile or motor car (usually shortened to just car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... British English (BrE, BE, en-GB) is the broad term used to distinguish the forms of the English language used in the United Kingdom from forms used elsewhere in the Anglophone world. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... This 1931 Ford Model A features a separate trunk on its rear trunk rack. ...

Contents

Types of sedan

The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan.
The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan.

Several versions of the body style exist, including four-door, two-door, and fastback models. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ...


A sedan seats four or more and has a fixed roof that is full-height up to the rear window. The roof structure will typically have a fixed "B" pillar on sedan models. Most commonly it is a four-door; two-door models are rare, but they do occur (more so historically). In the U.S., this term has been used to denote a car with fixed window frames, as opposed to the hardtop style without a "B" pillar and where the sash, if any, winds down with the glass. However, true hardtops have become increasingly rare. An SUV with four pillars A pillarless hardtop vehicle, considered to have two total pillars A stretch limo with five pillars An A pillar is a name applied by car stylists and enthusiasts to the shaft of material that supports the windshield (windscreen) on either of the windshield frame sides. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ...


Notchback sedans

A notchback sedan is a three-box sedan, where the passenger volume is very distinct from the trunk volume of the vehicle (when seen from the side). The roof is on one plane, generally parallel to the ground, the rear window at a sharp angle to the roof, and the trunk lid is also parallel to the ground. Historically, this has been a very popular and traditional form of passenger vehicle. Notchback is a form of automobile body that is characterized by a sharp vertical drop-off from roof to trunk, as opposed to hatchback or fastback. ...


Fastback sedans

2004 Audi A6 passenger compartment line blends into trunk
2004 Audi A6 passenger compartment line blends into trunk

A fastback sedan is a two-box sedan, with continuous slope from the roof to the base of the decklid, but excludes the hatchback feature. Image File history File links Audi A6 This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organisation to promote their works in the media. ... Image File history File links Audi A6 This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organisation to promote their works in the media. ... C4 Audi S4 sedan- note this is the high-performance version of the 100, not an A6 The Audi A6 is a mid-size luxury car / executive car produced by the German automaker Audi. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... The decklid (or deck lid) is the cover over the trunk/boot of motor vehicles that allows access to the main storage or luggage compartment. ... Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Not a hatchback: a fastback shape like this 2004 Bentley Continental GT can be confused with a true hatchback Hatchback is a term describing an automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo...


Marketing terminology is often misleading in this area - for example DaimlerChrysler calls the Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class fastback sedan a four-door coupe, because the rear passenger compartment is small - but it is still usable by adults. Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Look up marketing in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds fifth largest car manufacturer. ... 2005 Mercedes-Benz CLS 500 2007 Mercedes-Benz CLS550 The Mercedes-Benz CLS is a series of automobile models assembled by DaimlerChrysler in Sindelfingen, Germany. ...


Certain sedans are edging close to being one-box vehicles, where the windshield is steeply raked from the hood and the rear window slopes toward almost the end of the car, leaving just a short rear deck that is part of the trunk lid - the 2006 4-door Honda Civic is an example of this. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Typically this design is chosen for its aerodynamic advantages. Automakers can no longer afford the penalty in fuel consumption produced by the traditional notchback three box form. Aerodynamics is a branch of fluid dynamics concerned with the study of gas flows, first analysed by George Cayley in the 1800s. ... Fuel efficiency relates the efficiency of converting energy contained in a carrier fuel to kinetic energy or work. ... Notchback is a form of automobile body that is characterized by a sharp vertical drop-off from roof to trunk, as opposed to hatchback or fastback. ...


Two-door sedan

A traditional two-door sedan, 1959 Rambler American with a B-pillar and fixed window frames.
A traditional two-door sedan, 1959 Rambler American with a B-pillar and fixed window frames.

The SAE defines such a vehicle as any two-door model with rear accommodation greater than or equal to 33 cubic feet (0.934 m³) in volume (a calculation made by adding the legroom, shoulder room, and headroom). By this standard, the Chevrolet Monte Carlo, Ferrari 612 Scaglietti, and Mercedes-Benz CL-Class coupes are all two-door sedans. Only a few sources, however (including the magazine Car and Driver), use the two-door sedan label in this manner. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The original Rambler was an automobile produced of the Thomas B. Jeffery Company then by its successor, Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and finally, by its successor, American Motors Corporation (all in Kenosha, Wisconsin). ... The Society of Automotive Engineers is a professional organisation and standards body for the engineering of powered vehicles of all kinds - cars, trucks, boats, aircraft and more. ... Chevrolet (IPA: ʃɛv. ... The Chevrolet Monte Carlo is an American mid-size car. ... Ferrari is an Italian sports car manufacturer based in Maranello and Modena, Italy. ... The Ferrari 612 Scaglietti is a Gran Turismo car produced by Ferrari since 2004. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... 1993 Mercedes-Benz 600 SEC, a predecessor of the modern CL-Class 2005 Mercedes-Benz CL65 AMG 2001 Mercedes-Benz CL63 AMG The Mercedes-Benz CL-Class is a grand tourer produced by the German automaker Mercedes-Benz. ... The Peugeot 406 Coupé, designed by Pininfarina 1990 Mercedes-Benz 560SEC coupé, noted for its large, angular design 1980s Volvo 480 two-box coupé 1997 Rover Vitesse Coupe, club coupe Mercedes CLS, a modern four-door coupé Gala-Coupé of Leopold II, Brussels 1970s Sunbeam Alpine fastback coupé A coup... Cover of Car and Driver from age of psychedelic lettering Car and Driver is an American automotive enthusiast magazine. ...


In the popular vernacular, a two-door sedan is defined by appearance and not by volume; vehicles with a B-pillar between the front and rear windows are generally called two-door sedans, while hardtops (without the pillar, and often incorporating a sloping backlight) are called coupés.


The Mazda RX-8 meets the volume requirement to be called a sedan, but it has vestigial rear-hinged rear doors, so some call it 2+2-door sedan. Another term for a coupé endowed with rear-hinged doors is a "quad coupé". Although this may simply be vernacular, based on a possible copyright by General Motors, for its Saturn ION Quad-Coupé. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Mazda RX-8 is a car manufactured by Mazda Motor Corporation; which first appeared in North America at the North American International Auto Show (2001). ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume as of 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... The Saturn ION is a compact car sold by General Motors Saturn marque. ...


Hardtop sedans

1958 AMC Ambassador hardtop sedan.
1958 AMC Ambassador hardtop sedan.

In historic terminology a sedan will have a frame around the door windows, while the hardtop has frameless door glass. A true hardtop sedan design also has no "B" pillar (the roof support behind the front doors). This body style has an open feel, but requires extra underbody strengthening for structural rigidity. The hardtop design can be considered separately (i.e., a vehicle can be simply called a four-door hardtop), or it can be called a hardtop sedan. During the 1960s and 1970s, hardtop sedans were often sold as sport sedans by American manufacturers and were very popular. During the 1980s, automakers in the U.S. focused on removing weight and increasing strength, and new four-door sedans with B-pillars were called pillared hardtops or pillared sedans. The sport sedan term has since been appropriated for other uses. In Japan, and among Japanese manufacturers worldwide, the hardtop design was quite popular among luxury sedans throughout the 1990s. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 381 pixelsFull resolution (1470 × 700 pixel, file size: 304 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Other versions front of this car interior view of this car File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 381 pixelsFull resolution (1470 × 700 pixel, file size: 304 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Other versions front of this car interior view of this car File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... 1959 Ambassador by Rambler Cross Country hardtop wagon The AMC Ambassador was an automobile produced by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1958 until 1974. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ...


Hatchback sedan

Chevy Malibu Maxx
Chevy Malibu Maxx

Hatchback (a.k.a. liftback) sedans typically have the fastback profile, but instead of a trunk lid, the entire back of the vehicle lifts up (using a liftgate or hatch). A vehicle with four passenger doors and a liftgate at the rear can be called a four-door hatchback, four-door hatchback sedan, or five-door sedan. An example of such is the Chevrolet Malibu Maxx. There can also be two-door hatchback sedans (three-door sedans), by the same technical explanation for two-door sedans. Examples of this design are the Volkswagen Golf and Renault Vel Satis. Image File history File links Chevrolet-malibu-maxx. ... Image File history File links Chevrolet-malibu-maxx. ... Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Not a hatchback: a fastback shape like this 2004 Bentley Continental GT can be confused with a true hatchback Hatchback is a term describing an automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo... A hatchback is a type of automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin which includes an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind by a hatch or flip-up window. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... The Chevrolet Malibu (named for Malibu, California) is a midsize car produced and sold in the United States by General Motors. ... The Volkswagen Golf (Mark 1 and Mark 5 badged as Volkswagen Rabbit in North America) is a compact car / small family car that Volkswagen manufactures. ... The Renault Vel Satis is a full-size luxury car produced by the French manufacturer Renault. ...


Chauffeured sedans

The Lincoln Town Car is the most commonly chauffeured car in the US.
The Lincoln Town Car is the most commonly chauffeured car in the US.
Main article: Limousine

Chauffeured limousine sedans are primarily used by businesses for meetings as well as for airport transportation. Main vehicles used for these means are usually the Lincoln Town Car, a Cadillac, or a Mercedes. Chauffeurs are professional drivers, usually with experience in the transportation industry or tourism industry. Chauffeured sedans are owned either by private owners, livery services, or corporations. Large corporations as well as governments commonly provide luxury sedans to their top executives as well as VIP guests. Chauffeured sedans, especially the Lincoln Town Car, may also be stretched into limousines that are capable of seating up to twenty people. Another, smaller number of chauffeured sedans are owned by private individuals who hire chauffeurs to drive them in their own cars. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 479 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 767 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 479 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 767 pixel, file size: 1. ... Look up limousine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up limousine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Lincoln Town Car is a full-size luxury sedan and serves as the flagship of Fords Lincoln luxury car division. ... Cadillac is a brand of luxury vehicles, part of General Motors, produced and mostly sold in the United States and Canada. ... Mercedes may refer to: Things Mercedes-Benz, a German brand of automobiles and trucks Mercedes-Benz (song), by Janis Joplin Mercedes (calculator), an early 20th-century computing device Mercedes College, South Australia Places Mercedes, Buenos Aires, Argentina Mercedes, Paraná, Brazil Mercedes, Camarines Norte, Philippines Mercedes, Eastern Samar, Philippines Mercedes, Texas... A chauffeur in Japan A driver in Kerala A chauffeur is one who drives an automobile as a job. ... The Ximen station, one of the stations of Metro Taipei. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ...


Manufacturers and configurations

Currently(in 21st century) high end and luxury sedans by manufacturers Mercedes, BMW are rear wheel drive(with FR layout), ultra luxury segment also follows the same. Low end sedans by manufacturers Toyota, Ford, Honda, GM are front wheel drive(with FF layout), these form majority in number. High end sedans of Audi are Front wheel drive with longitudinal engine stand as exception. Rear wheel drive sedans fall in price band above around US $50,000, though it is not necessarily true in all cases. Mercedes may refer to: Things Mercedes-Benz, a German brand of automobiles and trucks Mercedes-Benz (song), by Janis Joplin Mercedes (calculator), an early 20th-century computing device Mercedes College, South Australia Places Mercedes, Buenos Aires, Argentina Mercedes, Paraná, Brazil Mercedes, Camarines Norte, Philippines Mercedes, Eastern Samar, Philippines Mercedes, Texas... BMW, or Bavarian Motor Works, is an independent German company and manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles. ... Rear wheel drive was a common form of engine/transmission layout used in automobiles throughout the 20th century. ... In automobile design, an FR, or front-engine, rear wheel drive means a layout where the engine is in the front of the vehicle and drive wheels at the rear. ... This article is about the automaker. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... The logo of the Honda automobiles The logo of the Honda motorcycles Honda Motor Company, Limited )   (TYO: 7267 , NYSE: HMC), or simply called Honda, is a Japanese multinational corporation, engine manufacturer and engineering corporation. ... GM is usually taken to mean General Motors (NYSE: GM), an automobile manufacturing company. ... Front wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... In automobile design, an FF, or Front-engine, Front wheel drive, layout places both the engine and driven wheels at the front of the vehicle. ... {{Infobox Company | company_slogan = Vorsprung durch Technik (Advancement Through Technique) | Never Follow | company_name = Audi AG | company_logo = | company_type = Public (Xetra: NSU) | | foundation = 1909 | location_city = Ingolstadt | location_country = Germany | key_people = August Horch, Founder Rupert Stadler, Chairman | industry = Automotive | products = Luxury Automobiles, Engines | revenue = € 28. ...


Terminology

Sede chair carried by two people

sedan chair, 1893 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... sedan chair, 1893 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...

Origin

Main article: Litter (vehicle)

The word sedan is possibly derived from a southern Italian dialect derivative of Italian sede "chair" (the first sedan was said to have been introduced from Naples). However, Portuguese and Spanish navigators and colonists encountered litters of various sorts in India, Mexico, and Peru. They were imported into Spain in the late sixteenth century. Soon the fashion spread into France and then England. All the names for these derived from the root "sed-" from the Latin "sella" - the traditional name for a carried chair.[1] The litter is a class of wheelless vehicles for transport of persons. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... The litter is a class of wheelless vehicles for transport of persons. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


The derivation from the town of Sedan in France, where it was said to have been made or first used, lacks historical evidence, according to OED. The word sedan was later used to refer to a litter or windowed box containing a passenger seat carried by two or more bearers. Sedan is a town and commune in France, a sous-préfecture of the Ardennes département. ... OED stands for Oxford English Dictionary Office of Enrollment & Discipline This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


International terminology

In North American English, the term sedan is used. North American English is a collective term used for the varieties of the English language that are spoken in the United States and Canada. ...


In British English the configuration is called a saloon and has its engine under the bonnet at the front, and a boot for luggage at the rear. The British English term is sometimes used by British car manufacturers in the United States. For example, the Rolls-Royce Park Ward was sold as a saloon in the United States, while the smaller Silver Seraph was called a sedan. British English (BrE, BE, en-GB) is the broad term used to distinguish the forms of the English language used in the United Kingdom from forms used elsewhere in the Anglophone world. ... Rolls-Royce car may refer to vehicles produced by: Rolls-Royce Limited (1906-1973) Rolls-Royce Motors (1973-2003) Rolls-Royce Motor Cars (2003-present) // Rolls-Royce cars Rolls-Royce Limited vehicles 1904-1906 10 hp 1905-1905 15 hp 1905-1908 20 hp 1905-1906 30 hp 1905-1906... The Rolls-Royce Silver Seraph, produced from 1998 to 2002, was first unveiled on March 3, 1998 at the Geneva Motor Show. ...


In Australia and New Zealand, the American term sedan is used, albeit with the British terms boot and bonnet being retained. In other languages, sedans are known as berline (French), Berlina (Spanish, European Portuguese, Romanian, and Italian); although these terms also may include hatchbacks. These terms, besides sedan, derive from types of horse-drawn carriages. In German, the term Limousine is used for sedans whereas the term Stretch-Limousine is used for limousines. European Portuguese (also named Continental Portuguese or Lusitanian Portuguese) is a group of Portuguese dialects spoken in Portugal. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Catherine IIs carved, painted and gilded Coronation Coach (Hermitage Museum) George VI and Queen Elizabeth in a landau with footmen and an outrider, Canada 1939 The classic definition of a carriage is a four-wheeled horse drawn private passenger vehicle with leaf springs (elliptical springs in the 19th century... Look up limousine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Notes

  1. ^ T. Atkinson Jenkins. "Origin of the Word Sedan", Hispanic Review, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Jul., 1933), pp. 240-242.

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Checker Sedan (141 words)
Checker Sedan - The official luxury sedan service of Detroit Metro Airport.
Wherever you're going, Checker Sedan is a better way to get there.
Checker Sedan is the official luxury sedan service of Detroit Metro Airport.
Sedan - Wikicars (941 words)
At its most basic, the sedan is a passenger car with a separate hood (bonnet in British English), covering the engine in the front, and a separate trunk (boot in British English), for luggage at the rear—the archetypical "3-box" car.
A two-door sedan is defined by the SAE as any two-door model with rear accommodation greater than or equal to 33 cubic feet (0.934 m³) in volume (a calculation made by multiplying the legroom, shoulder room, and headroom).
Sedan bodystyles on smaller cars are now less popular after the hatchback revolution during the 1970s (Except in the US, where sedans retain popularity), although many hatchbacks also form the basis of sedans.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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