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Encyclopedia > Section (military unit)

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British Army

A section is a small infantry unit in the British Army. A section consists of eight soldiers made up of a Corporal as section commander, a Lance-Corporal as his second-in-command ("2IC")and six privates. In action the section is split into two four-man fireteams ("Charlie" and "Delta"), commanded by the corporal and lance-corporal respectively. Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... A military unit is an organisation within an armed force. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... A soldier is a person who serves in an armed force for pay. ... Corporal is a rank in use in some form by most militaries, police forces or other uniformed organizations around the world. ... Lance Corporal (LCpl or L/Cpl) is a military rank used by some elements of the British, Commonwealth, and U.S. armed forces. ... Second in Command is a 2006 action film, starring Jean-Claude Van Damme. ... A private is a military soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to Nato Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in). ... A fireteam is a small military unit of infantry. ...


Three sections together form a platoon. Sections, with varying organisations, are also found in some other corps. Platoon is a term from military science. ... A corps (a word that immigrated from the French language, pronounced IPA: , but originating in the Latin corpus, corporis meaning body; plural same as singular) is either a large military unit or formation, an administrative grouping of troops within an army with a common function (such as artillery or signals...


Prior to the introduction of 5.56 mm calibre squad automatic weapons (SAWs) in the late 1980s, the typical section was armed with and organised around the 7.62 mm L7 GPMG (general purpose machine gun). The section was typically divided into 3 "groups": a scout group, a rifle group and a gun group. The scout group comprised two men with rifles and/or submachine guns, who usually moved with the section commander (the corporal) close behind. In effect, the section commander was the third man in the scout group. The rifle group comprised 3-4 riflemen, and perhaps a grenade launcher (such as the M79 or M203). The last group was the gun group. This was commanded by the section 2ic (the lance corporal), and the gunner was usually the second most senior private; the most senior private would lead the rifle group. A squad automatic weapon (SAW) is a light or general-purpose machine gun, usually equipped with a bipod and firing a 7. ... The L7 machine gun is a general-purpose machine gun used by the British Army. ... A general purpose machine gun (GPMG) in concept is a compromise weapon, a machine gun intended to fill the role of either a light machine gun or medium machine gun, while at the same time being man-portable. ... A rifle is a firearm with a stock and a barrel that has a spiral groove or grooves (rifling) cut into its interior. ... An MP5A4 (fixed stock and 3-round burst trigger group) A submachine gun is a firearm that combines the automatic fire of a machine gun with the ammunition of a pistol, and is usually between the two in weight and size. ... Caliber: 40 mm grenade Action: Single shot, breech loaded Mass: 3 kg (6. ... M203 generally refers to the U.S. Militarys designation for a single shot 40 mm grenade launcher that attaches to the M16 assault rifle or the M4 Carbine. ...


All section tactics were basically designed to bring the gun to bear on the enemy and support the gun. The gun would be deployed on the highest ground, with the best field of fire. The rest of the section carried ammunition for the gun. It was claimed that, in sections organised in this way, the gun provided 80 per cent of the section's firepower.


This organisation was abandoned in favour of fireteams when 5.56 mm assault rifles and SAWs were introduced in the late 1980s. These were the L85 IW and the longer barreled L86 LSW ("Light support weapon"). The firepower of the team has now been extended by the supplmented by the L108A1 LMG). The LSW is now seen as a more accurate version of the IW and the LMG is the belt fed weapon for laying down suppressing fire. Each fire team has two IW, one with an underslung grenade launcher, one LSW and one LMG.-1... L85A1 in use by C Company, 1 STAFFS, in a live firing exercise, during Operation GRANBY, 6 January 1991 As above SA80 (Small Arms for the 1980s) is a family of related arms that include the British Armed Forcess standard combat rifle. ... L85A1 in use by C Company, 1 STAFFS, in a live firing exercise, during Operation GRANBY, 6 January 1991 As above SA80 (Small Arms for the 1980s) is a family of related arms that include the British Armed Forcess standard combat rifle. ... Caliber: 5. ...


Canadian Army

The Canadian Army also uses the section, which is roughly the same as its British counterpart, except that it is led by a Sergeant, with a Master Corporal as second-in-command. The section is further divided into "groups", which are equivalent to the British fireteam (4 troops). They are designated Group 1 and Group 2. Groups are broken down to even smaller "fireteams", consisting of normally 2 troops, possibly 3, designated Alpha, Bravo, Charlie and Delta. Alpha and Bravo make up Group 1 and Charlie and Delta make up Group 2. Canadian Forces Land Force Command (LF) is responsible for army operations within the Canadian Armed Forces. ... Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries, police forces, and other uniformed organisations around the world. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


The section commander will have overall control of the section, and is assigned to Group 1, Alpha Team. His 2IC will be in command of Group 2, and is assigned to Delta team.


In a normal rifle section, the focus is around the pair of C9 LMGs that are carried by Bravo and Delta teams, one in each team. This results in a formation of Bravo, Alpha, Charlie, Delta, with Bravo and Delta providing fire support with the C9s, Alpha as the command element and Charlie as the assault team.


Singapore Armed Forces

The army of the Singapore Armed Forces also uses the section, with the difference being 7 men lead by a 3rd Sergeant and assisted by a Corporal as 2IC. The section is divided into one 3-man component and two 2-man components. Leading is the pointman and backing up is the rear guard/scout, with the section moving in file formation, the IC being the third man in file and the 2IC the second last person. The weapons equipped include 2 LAWS, 2 SAWS and 2 marksmen, with the LAW gunners carrying either the M16 or SAR 21 assault rifle. The Singapore Armed Forces (SAF, Malay: Angkatan Bersenjata Singapura, Simplified Chinese: 新加坡武装部队) comprises of three branches: the Singapore Army, the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) and the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN). ... M16 or M-16 may be: M16 rifle M16 (connector) M16 (knife) M16 (pitrilysin family), a peptidase M16 plotting board M-16 scow Eagle Nebula, a Messier object and open cluster in the Serpens constellation John Bell Williams Airport (M16 IATA airport code), in Raymond, Mississippi NOTE: M16 is sometimes...


A section is roughly equivalent to a squad in the United States Army. Some corps, such as Air Defense Artillery and Field Artillery, use the term section to denote a squad-sized unit in which the fire teams may act independently of each other in the larger platoon formation. The section is used as an administrative formation overseen by a Staff Sergeant. In the fire service a Squad is a Engine Company with a compliment of rescue tools. ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States armed forces and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... United States Military Staff Sergeant insignia (U.S. Air Force) Staff Sergeant is the fifth enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Senior Airman and below Technical Sergeant. ...


Other

In some air forces, a section is also a unit containing two or three aircraft, commanded by a Lieutenant. Two sections and supporting ground staff make up a flight. An air force is a military or armed service that primarily conducts aerial warfare. ... Airbus A380 An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... A flight is a military unit in an air force, naval air service, or army air corps. ...


See also

Infantry Minor Tactics or IMTs are the very basic tactics that are employed at the squad, section or platoon level. ...

External link

  • canadiansoldiers.com article on the history of the Infantry Section.

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