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Encyclopedia > Second dynasty of Egypt
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Dynasties of Pharaohs
in Ancient Egypt
Predynastic Egypt
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th
11th (Thebes only)
Middle Kingdom
11th (All Egypt)
12th 13th 14th
Second Intermediate Period
15th 16th 17th
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Græco-Roman Period
Ptolemaic Roman Empire

Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Second Dynasty. Jump to: navigation, search Pharaoh (Hebrew פַּרְעֹה (without niqqud: פרעה), Standard Hebrew ParÊ¿o, Tiberian Hebrew Parʿōh, Arabic فرعون) is a title used to refer to the kings (of godly status) in ancient Egypt. ... Jump to: navigation, search Ancient Egypt was a civilization in the Lower Nile Valley extending from as far south as Jebel Barkal, Napata [1], northward to the Mediterranean Sea, though varying in size throughout its history between circa 3200 BC and 332 BC, ending with the conquest of Alexander the... Jump to: navigation, search The Predynastic Period of Egypt (prior to 3100 BC) is the period that culminates in the rise of the Old Kingdom and the first of the thirty dynasties based on royal residences. ... The Protodynastic Period of Egypt refers to the period of time at the very end of the Predynastic Period. ... The Early Dynastic Period of Egypt is taken to include the First and the Second dynasties, lasting from ca. ... The First and second Dynasties of Ancient Egypt are often combined under the group title of the Early Dynastic Period of Egypt. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Old Kingdom is the name commonly given to that period in the 3rd millennium BC when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization complexity and achievement - this was the first of three so-called Kingdom periods, which mark the high points of civilization in... History of Egypt Third Dynasty While Manetho names one Necherophes, and the Turin King List names Nebka, as the first pharaoh of the Third dynasty of Egypt, some contemporary Egyptologists believe Djoser was the first king of this dynasty, pointing out that the order in which some predecessors of Khufu... The Fourth dynasty of Egypt was the second of the four dynasties considered forming the Old Kingdom. ... The Fifth Dynasty of Egypt is considered part of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt. ... The Sixth Dynasty of Egypt is considered by many authorities as the last dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, although The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt (ed. ... The First Intermediate Period is the name conventionally given by Egyptologists to that period in Ancient Egyptian history between the end of the Old Kingdom and the advent of the Middle Kingdom. ... This article has recently been written with incorrect information that actually corresponds with the Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt ... This article has recently been written with incorrect information that actually corresponds with the Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt ... The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Hereklepolis by Meryibra, and the Tenth Dynasty continued there. ... Categories: Articles to be expanded ... Manethos statement that the Eleventh dynasty consisted of 16 kings who reigned 43 years is contradicted by contemporary inscriptions and the evidence of the Turin King List, whose combined testimony proves that it consisted of seven kings who ruled about 160 years. ... Jump to: navigation, search Thebes [Θηβαι ThÄ“bai] is the Greek designation of ancient Egyptian niwt (The) City and niwt-rst (The) Southern City. It is located about 800 km south of the Mediterranean, on the east bank of the Nile. ... The Middle Kingdom is a period in the history of ancient Egypt stretching from the establishment of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Fourteenth Dynasty, roughly between 1986 BC and 1633 BC. The Eleventh Dynasty The Middle Kingdom is usually dated to when Pharaoh Mentuhotep II from Thebes... Manethos statement that the Eleventh dynasty consisted of 16 kings who reigned 43 years is contradicted by contemporary inscriptions and the evidence of the Turin King List, whose combined testimony proves that it consisted of seven kings who ruled about 160 years. ... Jump to: navigation, search Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twelfth Dynasty. ... Unlike as explained as being chaos and disorder by later texts, the Thriteenth dynasty wasnt as bad as once thought. ... Categories: Articles to be expanded ... The Second Intermediate Period marks a period when Ancient Egypt once again fell into disarray between the end of the Middle Kingdom, and the start of the New Kingdom. ... The Fifteenth dynasty of Egypt was the first Hyksos dynasty, ruling from Itjtawy, without control of the entire land. ... Categories: Articles to be expanded ... Categories: Articles to be expanded ... The New Kingdom is the period in Egyptian history between the 16th century BCE and the 11th century BCE, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt. ... The Eighteenth Dynasty is perhaps the most famous of all the dynasties of Ancient Egypt. ... Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Nineteenth Dynasty. ... Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twentieth Dynasty. ... The Third Intermediate Period refers to the time in Ancient Egypt from the death of Pharaoh Rameses XI in 1070 BC to the foundation of the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty by Psamtik I, following the expulsion of the Nubian rulers of the Twenty-Fifth Dynasty. ... After the reign of Rameses III, a long, slow decline of power in Egypt followed. ... Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twenty-Second Dynasty. ... The 23rd dynasty was a separate regime of Meshwesh Libyan kings who ruled ancient Egypt. ... Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twenty-Fourth Dynasty. ... The Twenty-fifth dynasty of Ancient Egypt originated in Kush at the city-state of Napata, from whence they invaded and took control of Egypt under Piye (spelled Pinakhi in older works). ... ôľĎÚ The Late Period of Egypt refers to the last flowering of native Egyptian rulers after the Third Intermediate Period, and before the Persian conquests. ... The Twenty-sixth dynasty of Egypt was the last native dynasty to rule Egypt before the Persian conquest, and had its capital was Sais. ... Jump to: navigation, search Achaemenid empire at its greatest extent The Achaemenid Dynasty (Hakamanishiya in the Old Persian (Avestan ??) language - transliterated Hakamanshee in Modern Persian) - was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire. ... The Twenty-eighth dynasty of Egypt had one ruler, Amyrtaeus, who was a descendant of the Saite kings of the Twenty-sixth dynasty, and led a successful revolt against the Persians on the death of Darius II. No monuments of his reign have been found, and little is known of... Nefaarud I, or Nepherites, founded the Twenty-ninth dynasty of Egypt (according to an account preserved in a papyrus in the Brooklyn Museum) by defeating Amyrtaeus in open battle, and later putting him to death at Memphis. ... The Thirtieth dynasty of Egypt followed Nectanebo Is deposition of Nefaarud II, the son of Hakor. ... Jump to: navigation, search Achaemenid empire at its greatest extent The Achaemenid Dynasty (Hakamanishiya in the Old Persian (Avestan ??) language - transliterated Hakamanshee in Modern Persian) - was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire. ... Jump to: navigation, search The conquests of Alexander the Great brought Egypt within the orbit of the Greek world for the next 900 years. ... Jump to: navigation, search Ptolemy, one of Alexander the Greats generals, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexanders death in 323 BC. In 305 BC he declared himself King Ptolemy I, later known as Soter (saviour). ... Jump to: navigation, search The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus). ... Jump to: navigation, search Hathor The history of Egypt is the longest continuous history, as a unified state, of any country in the world although they are not to be confused with the current Egyptians due to the many demographic shifts and migrations over the millennia. ...


The First and Second Dynasties of ancient Egypt are often combined under the group title, Early Dynastic Period of Egypt. The capital at that time was Thinis. The Early Dynastic Period of Egypt is taken to include the First and the Second dynasties, lasting from ca. ...


The period names of the actual rulers of the Second Dynasty are in dispute. For the first five kings, the sources are fairly close in agreement:

Name Years Reigned
Hotepsekhemwy 38
Raneb (also read Nebra) 39
Nynetier 23
Weneg 8
Senedj 20


However, the identity of the next two or three rulers is unclear: we may have both the Horus-name or Nebty (meaning (female) two) -name and their birth names for these rulers; they may be entirely different individuals; or they may be legendary names. On the left are the rulers most Egyptologists place here; on the right are the names that ultimately come from Manetho's Aegyptica: Hotepsekhemwy was the first king of the Second dynasty of Egypt. ... Raneb was a pharaoh during the Second dynasty of Egypt who ruled for 39 years. ... Jump to: navigation, search Nynetjer was the third king of the Second dynasty of Egypt. ... Wneg was a pharaoh during the Second dynasty of Egypt who ruled for eight years. ... Senedj was a pharaoh during the Second dynasty of Egypt who ruled for 20 years. ... Horus is an ancient god of Egyptian mythology, whose cult survived so long that he evolved dramatically over time and gained many names. ...

Proposed Ruler Manetho's List
Peribsen Kaires
Nepherkheres
Sekhemib-Perenmaat Sesokhris


With the last ruler, we return to an agreement: Seth-Peribsen was a pharaoh during the Second dynasty of Egypt who ruled for seventeen years. ... Jump to: navigation, search This poorly attested pharaoh of the Egyptian second dynasty may have been the same individual also known as Peribsen, or a seperate individual who succeeded him for a short time, or ruled Lower Egypt at the same time Peribsen ruled Upper Egypt. ...

Name Years Reigned
Khasekhemwy 30


Although Manetho states the capital was at Tanis, the same as during the First Dynasty, at least the first three kings were buried at Saqqara, suggesting the center of power had moved to the nearby city of Memphis. Beyond this, little can be said about the events during this period; the annual records on the Palermo stone only survive for the end of the reign of Raneb and for parts of Nynetier's. One important event possibly happened during the reign of Khasekhemwy: many Egyptologists read his name ("the Two Powers are Crowned") as commemorating the union of Upper and Lower Egypts. Khasekhemwy (? -2686 BC; sometimes spelled Khasekhemui) was the 5th and final Pharaoh of the 2nd dynasty of Egypt. ... Manetho or Manethon of Sebennytos, (ca. ... Tanis (Τάνις), the Greek name of ancient Djanet (modern صان الحجر Ṣān al-Ḥaǧar), is a city in the north-eastern Nile delta of Egypt (30°58′ N 31°52′ E). ... The First and second Dynasties of Ancient Egypt are often combined under the group title of the Early Dynastic Period of Egypt. ... Saqqara is a vast, ancient burial ground in Egypt, featuring the worlds oldest standing step pyramid. ... Jump to: navigation, search Memphis was the ancient capital of the first nome of Lower Egypt, and of the Old Kingdom of Egypt from its foundation until around 1300 BC. Its Ancient Egyptian name was Ineb Hedj (The White Walls). The name Memphis is the Greek deformation of the Egyptian... The Palermo Stone is an ancient Egyptian stone of black [basalt] engraved toward the end of the 5th dynasty (twenty-fifth century BC) and is probably the earliest Egyptian historical text. ... Raneb was a pharaoh during the Second dynasty of Egypt who ruled for 39 years. ... Jump to: navigation, search Nynetjer was the third king of the Second dynasty of Egypt. ... Khasekhemwy (? -2686 BC; sometimes spelled Khasekhemui) was the 5th and final Pharaoh of the 2nd dynasty of Egypt. ... Map of Upper and Lower Egypt Ancient Egypt was divided into two kingdoms, known as Upper and Lower Egypt. ... Map of Upper and Lower Egypt Ancient Egypt was divided into two kingdoms, known as Upper and Lower Egypt. ...


External link

  • Ancient Egypt: The Second Dynasty

 
 

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