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Encyclopedia > Search and rescue

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For the TV series of this title, see Search and Rescue (TV series).
SAR vessel at dawn

Search and rescue (acronym SAR) is an operation mounted by emergency services, often well-trained volunteers, to find someone believed to be in distress, lost, sick or injured either in a remote or difficult to access area, such as mountains, desert or forest ("Wilderness search and rescue"), or at sea, whether close to shore or not. The term can also be applied in urban situations when young children or senile people wander away from their homes and cannot be found. Search and Rescue is the title of a family-oriented adventure television series which was a co-production of the CTV television network in Canada and NBC in the United States during the 1977-1978 TV season. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixel, file size: 5. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixel, file size: 5. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Backronym and Apronym (Discuss) Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations, such as NATO, laser, and ABC, written as the initial letter or letters of words, and pronounced on the basis of this abbreviated written form. ... Emergency services are public services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ... Look up Distress in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mountain rescue refers to search and rescue activities that occur in a mountainous environment, although the term is sometimes also used to apply to search and rescue in other wilderness environments. ...


Urban search and rescue (also known as Suburban Search and Rescue as USAR Teams often relates to structural collapses and other technical rescue) operations are Search and Rescue operations conducted in a city. One of the most common is searching for people buried as a result of a building collapse, as might happen after an earthquake. Sometimes, urban searches are performed for missing persons with certain criteria (example, a missing Alzheimer's patient with a history of wandering away from their home). Also, a wilderness search may transition into an urban search. This is common when lost children are involved. It has been suggested that USAR Teams be merged into this article or section. ... Urban search and rescue (USAR) involves the mobilisation of resources to locate and remove trapped and often injured victims from collapsed structures or environments. ... Technical rescue refers to those aspects of saving life or property that employ the use of tools and skills that exceed those normally reserved for firefighting and rescue. ... “Missing persons” redirects here. ... Alzheimers disease (AD), also known simply as Alzheimers, is a neurodegenerative disease that, in its most common form, is found in people over age 65. ...


Combat Search and Rescue (CSAR) is a function of special military units during wartime. CSAR consists of operations carried out to retrieve, rescue and provide assistance to downed aircrews or allies behind enemy lines. CSAR missions generally have the mission's aircrews well armed as they cross into enemy territory. One famous CSAR mission was the rescue of US Air Force Captain Scott O'Grady after he was shot down over Bosnia in 1995. Other examples include the more recent Operation Anaconda in Afghanistan, and the famous Battle of Mogadishu in which the "Black Hawk Down" incident occurred. A military unit is an organisation within an armed force. ... Behind Enemy Lines is a 2001 film starring Gene Hackman and Owen Wilson. ... Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory (ET) is a freeware first-person shooter (FPS) computer game, and a standalone sequel to Return to Castle Wolfenstein, created by Splash Damage. ... Scott F. OGrady (born October 12, 1965 in Brooklyn, New York) is a former United States Air Force captain who gained prominence after ejecting over Bosnia when his F-16C 89-2032/AV was shot down by a Bosnian Serb SA-6 on June 2, 1995 while patrolling the... Combatants  United States,  Canada,  United Kingdom,  New Zealand,  Australia,  Denmark,  France,  Norway,  Germany Taliban insurgents, al-Qaeda Commanders Buster Hagenbeck Unknown Strength 2,000 500-1,500 Casualties 8 U.S. servicemen dead, 82 wounded 500-800 [1] In early March 2002 the United States military, along with allied Afghan... Combatants USSOF, UNOSOM II Somali National Alliance-affiliated militias Commanders William F. Garrison Mohamed Farrah Aidid Strength 160 2,000-4,000 Casualties U.S. 19 killed 73 wounded 1 captured Malaysia 1 killed 7 wounded Pakistan 2 wounded Militia and civilians At least 500[1] killed (U.S. est. ...


Air Sea Rescue (ASR) specifically can refer to both the use of aircraft to search for and locate or recover personnel lost at sea and the recovery of downed airmen at sea. The RAF "Air Sea Rescue Service" used dedicated and/or amphibian aircraft together with Armed high speed launches to recover aircrew from the English Channel and other coastal areas during the Second World War while long range flying boats and other aircraft would pick up aircrew (or drop equipment to them) further from shore. “RAF” redirects here. ... An amphibious or amphibian aircraft is an aircraft that can land on either land or water. ... Known as the Whaleback from the distinctive curve to its deck, the Type 2 HSL (High Speed Launch) was used to rescue Allied aircrew from the sea after they were shot down during the Second World War. ... Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel (French: , the sleeve) is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Boeing 314 A flying boat is an aircraft that is designed to take off and land on water, in particular a type of seaplane which uses its fuselage as a floating hull (instead of pontoons mounted below the fuselage). ...

Contents

Operational phases

Search and Rescue operations have several distinct phases or parts.


Alerting

See also: Distress radiobeacon

The alerting phase consists of two key elements: This article is about Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELTs). ...

  • Detecting possible alerts (i.e. radio signals on 121.5 MHz, phone calls)
  • Determining the probability that the alert signals actual distress

SAR authorities are alerted of a distress situation via distress radiobeacons such as emergency locator transmitters, emergency position-indicating radio beacons, or personal locator beacons. They may also be notified by telephone, fax, or other means. In the case of distress radiobeacons, the alert may also provide a lat-lon position of the distress to SAR authorities. A megahertz (MHz) is one million (106) hertz, a measure of frequency. ... Look up Distress in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELTs). ... This article is about Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELTs). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Search

In the initial phase of the operation, steps are taken to ascertain a likely location of the person being searched for, so that a search area can be established if they are in fact in need of rescue. Essential information is gathered so that leaders can determine not only who is missing, but how they are equipped, how experienced, how familiar with the area, etc.. This information is then factored with other considerations to determine the initial urgency and scale of the mission.


In the Search phase, a search is performed by personnel on foot, horse, or using vehicles, often aided by K-9 (dog) teams and, when available, air support. Specific procedures are followed during a Search, including an initial hasty team sent to the most likely locations, containment teams which are posted or patrol likely routes of a lost subject who may be moving, and the assignment of search personnel to specific areas which are mapped out using a combination of theory, prior experience and local knowledge of the terrain. A substantial body of mathematical theory called search theory, some initially developed for anti-submarine warfare, has been developed and can be used to help choose the search area priorities for maritime and inland search operations. Search is usually an iterative process over many hours or even days, with returning field teams interviewed or debriefed to glean information to be incorporated into plans for additional deployments of field teams. Mounted search and rescue (MSAR), search and rescue responders on horseback, are primarily a search resource, but also can provide off-road logistics support and transportation. ... Police dog getting ready to search a vehicle for drugs A policemans dog is a dog that is trained specifically to assist police and similar law-enforcement personnel with their work. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... Traditional knowledge (TK), indigenous knowledge (IK), and local knowledge generally refer to the matured long-standing traditions and practices of certain regional, indigenous, or local communities. ... The word theory has a number of distinct meanings in different fields of knowledge, depending on their methodologies and the context of discussion. ... Bayesian search theory is the application of Bayesian statistics to the search for lost objects. ... “A/S” redirects here. ...


Advances in distress radiobeacon technology are aiming to significantly reduce the amount of time spent searching for persons in distress. See MEOSAR. This article is about Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELTs). ... The current logo for Cospas-Sarsat Cospas-Sarsat is an international satellite-based search and rescue (SAR) distress alert detection and information distribution system, established by Canada, France, the United States, and the former Soviet Union in 1979. ...


Rescue

In the Rescue phase, aid is rendered to the person where they are found, sufficient to allow them to be safely transported to a place where more intensive aid can be provided. This extrication of the patient often includes some aspects of technical rescue. In certain situations, the subject(s) are in a known position and the operation goes directly to the Rescue phase. The wide availability of cellular phones and increasing coverage areas has increased the number of such calls for rescue without requiring a lengthy Search phase. Technical rescue refers to those aspects of saving life or property that employ the use of tools and skills that exceed those normally reserved for firefighting and rescue. ... “Cell Phone” redirects here. ...


Recovery

The recovery of the body of a deceased person in similar situations is also considered an aspect of Search and Rescue, though the actual Rescue phase of the operation is often known as recovery rather than rescue.


Recall and demobilization

Once the subject has been found, rescued or recovered, then the operation is recalled and with large operations, this phase is sometimes called demobilization.


Afterwards, there is often a critique phase where each phase of the operation is analysed to determine what did or did not work well, and any lessons learned, this is called a debrief. During debriefs searchers and search administrators discuss what took place during the search, the condition of the subject, and what changes could be made next time for the better.


Standards

SAR standards are developed primarily by ASTM International and the US NFPA. ASTM International (ASTM) is an international standards developing organization that develops and publishes voluntary technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The National Fire Protection Association (established 1896) is an independent, voluntary-membership, nonprofit (tax-exempt) organization. ...


Within ASTM International, most standards of relevance to SAR are developed by Committee F32 on Search and Rescue.[1] Formed in 1988, as of November 2006 the committee had 85 current members and jurisdiction of 38 approved standards. ASTM International (ASTM) is an international standards developing organization that develops and publishes voluntary technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services. ...


With or without formal underlying foundations, numerous SAR organisations develop their own proprietary training curricula and operational protocols, which are available and applicable only to their own members. These include the Mountain Rescue Association (MRA), the US National Association of Search and Rescue (NASAR), and the US NFPA. Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The National Fire Protection Association (established 1896) is an independent, voluntary-membership, nonprofit (tax-exempt) organization. ...


SAR by nation

Antigua & Barbuda

Antigua Barbuda Search And Rescue (ABSAR) has been providing emergency medical and rescue services to the Antiguan Yachting community for a number of years.


ABSAR is a non-profit organization of volunteers dedicated to saving lives. Based from the Antigua Yacht Club Marina, we are ready to respond to your call. We specialize in medical emergencies, but can offer assistance for search and rescue, helicopter aerial searches and medivac operations in conjunction with Caribbean Helicopters. A non-profit organization (abbreviated NPO, or non-profit or not-for-profit) is an organization whose primary objective is to support an issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes, without concern for monetary profit. ... {{Otheruses4|the medical term|the Australian television series|Medical Emergenc an immediate threat to a persons life or long term health. ...


Australia

AusSAR, which is part of the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA), provides a national search and rescue service. AMSA can refer to: B-1 Lancer Austrian medical students association Australian Medical Students Association This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


AusSAR operates a 24 hour Rescue Coordination Centre (RCC) in Canberra and is responsible for the national coordination of both maritime and aviation search and rescue. AusSAR is also responsible for the management and operation of the Australian ground segment of the Cospas-Sarsat distress beacon detection system. The service that spans the nation and covers 52.8 million square kilometres of the Indian, Pacific and Southern Oceans. For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... Cospas-Sarsat is an international satellite-based search and rescue system, established by Canada, France, the United States, and the former Soviet Union in 1979. ...


AusSAR's RCC is staffed by SAR specialists who have a naval, merchant marine, air force, civil aviation or police service background. The RCC also coordinates medical evacuations, broadcasts maritime safety information and operates the Australian Ship Reporting System (AUSREP)[2] . Civil airliner - Air India Boeing 747-400 Civil aviation is one of two major categories of flying, representing all non-Military aviation, both private and commercial. ...


State search and rescue

State Police in many states operate state-based search and rescue squads, such as the Victoria Police Search and Rescue Squad, which provides specialist expertise, advice and practical assistance in land search and rescue on most terrain including snow and vertical cliff search and rescue[3] . There are also state-based volunteer search and rescue groups such as the Bushwalkers Wilderness Rescue Squad[4] in New South Wales and Bushwalkers Search and Rescue[5] in Victoria. BSAR also includes Alpine Search and Rescue Victoria. State police are a type of sub-national territorial police force, particularly in Australia and the United States. ... “NSW” redirects here. ... “VIC” redirects here. ...


Belgium

Search and rescue duties along the Belgian part of the North Sea are executed by the Belgian Air Force. From its Koksijde Air Base it operates 5 Westland Sea King Mk.48 helicopters. The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The Air Component, formerly the Belgian Air Force, is the air arm of the Belgian Armed Forces. ... Koksijde Air Base is a Belgian Air Force facility in Koksijde, Belgium. ... For the original Viking use of the name, see Sea-King. ...


British Virgin Islands

A USCG HH-65 Dolphin Helicopter assists VISAR with a Mission

Virgin Islands Search and Rescue (VISAR) is the officially recognised search and rescue organisation in the British Virgin Islands. VISAR is a voluntary organisation dedicated to saving life at sea, and provides 24-hour cover every day of the year in close co-operation with the Royal British Virgin Islands police, fire and ambulance services. Image File history File links VISAR.jpg‎ I am a director of Virgin Islands Search & Rescue and have taken the image from our own website - www. ... Image File history File links VISAR.jpg‎ I am a director of Virgin Islands Search & Rescue and have taken the image from our own website - www. ... The HH-65 Dolphin is a twin-engined, single main rotor, MEDEVAC-capable, Search-and-Rescue (SAR) helicopter operated by the United States Coast Guard (USCG). ...


Unlike many other search & rescue organisation, such as the United States Coast Guard, VISAR is a charity and is funded almost entirely by charitable donation. With running costs in the region of US$150,000 per year, and a population of just 20,000 in the British Virgin Islands, VISAR relies very heavily on donations made by tourists, who visit the British Virgin Islands to come sailing. USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is at all times a branch of the United States armed forces a maritime law enforcement agency, and a federal regulatory body. ...


Canada

Search and Rescue in Canada is overseen by a federal agency called the National Search and Rescue Program, and is coordinated by the National Search and Rescue Secretariat, which liaises with the provincial and territorial governments of Canada and other emergency services. Each province and territory also maintains its own emergency management organizations. Generally, air rescue is handled by the Canadian Forces, maritime rescue by the Canadian Coast Guard, and ground and inland water rescue is under the legal authority of the individual provinces and territories (most are handled by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)). Extensive use of volunteer SAR groups is made by all provinces and territories. Federal Agency may refer to: United States Federal Agencies Federal agency (Germany) ... CH-113 Labrador helicopter used by the Canadian Forces for search and rescue from 1962-2004, performing an exercise with a Canadian Coast Guard rescue cutter. ... // Emergency management (or disaster management) is the discipline dealing of with and avoiding risks. ... The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes), abbreviated as CF (French: FC), are the unified armed forces of Canada. ... Flag of the Canadian Coast Guard. ... Rational-legal authority (also known as rational authority, legal authority, rational domination, legal domination) is a form of leadership in which the authority of an organization or a ruling regime is largely tied to legal rationality, legal legitimacy and bureaucracy. ... RCMP redirects here. ...


See also Heavy Urban Search and Rescue and Toronto Police's Toronto Police Marine Unit. Heavy Urban Search and Rescue or HUSAR is a joint unit of Toronto Fire Services, Toronto Police Service and Toronto EMS created to deal with search and rescue operations in the City of Toronto. ... The Toronto Police Service (TPS), also known colloqually as T.O.P.D., formerly the Metropolitan Toronto Police, is the local police force for the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ...


Hong Kong

Search and rescue in and around the waters off Hong Kong are directed by the Hong Kong Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre with assistance from: HKMRCC is responsible for co-ordinating maritime search and rescue in Hong Kong. ...

Government Flying Service is the flying services unit of the Hong Kong Government, mainly for search and rescue, air ambulance, firefighting, and police operations. ... Dennis Sabre. ... The Airport Authority Hong Kong (abbreviated as AA) (Chinese: 香港機場管理局, abbreviated as 機管局) is the statutory body of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China, and is responsible for the operations of the Hong Kong International Airport. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Iceland

Search and Rescue operations in Iceland are mainly handled by the Icelandic Association for Search and Rescue (Slysavarnafélagið Landsbjörg) which operates numerous vehicles and boats across the country, along with the Icelandic Coast Guard which operates SAR helicopters and patrol vessels. Coat of arms of the Icelandic Coast Guard Naval Ensign of the Icelandic Coast Guard The Icelandic Coast Guard is a branch of Icelands military. ...


Ireland

SAR services are provided by a civilian body, the Irish Coast Guard [2]. It has responsibility for the Irish Search and Rescue Region [3]. This service was formerly provided by the Irish Air Corps, from 1963 to the early 21st century. The need for longer range helicopters encouraged the Irish Government to create a civilian organisation which hires private companies to provide the service. Irish Coast Guard helicopter (operated by CHC Helicopter) The Irish Coast Guard (IRCG) is part of the Department of Communications, Marine and Natural Resources (DCMNR). ... The Irish Air Corps (in Irish: Aer Chór na hÉireann) provides the air defence function of Oglaigh na hÉireann (the Irish Defence Forces), in support of the Army and Naval Service, together with such other roles as may be assigned by the Government (e. ... The Government (Irish: ) [ral̪ˠt̪ˠəs̪ˠ n̪ˠə heːɼən̪ˠ] is the cabinet that exercises executive authority in the Republic of Ireland. ...


This procedure has worked successfully, providing a greatly increased SAR range and forward basing of the SAR service on coastal bases, greatly improving their speed to incident and time on site compared to previous centralised military operations near Dublin. Forward basing is a method of power projection where, by pre-positioning military units or stockpiles of arms at strategically located military bases outside a countrys territory, there is a reduction in the time and distance needed to mobilize them for combat in a distant theatre of war. ... Planning, calculating, or the giving or receiving of information. ...


The introduction of the privatised service also allowed Ireland to field the first female SAR helicopter pilot in Europe, at the time.


New Zealand

New Zealand's Search and Rescue Region extends from the South Pole to the southern border of the Honolulu region, including Norfolk, Tonga, Samoa, and Cook Islands. See the AIP New Zealand website for map and text (GEN 3.6 of the manual). For other uses, see South Pole (disambiguation). ... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ...


Land-based search and rescue operations (called LSAR, for Land Search and Rescue), such as for lost hikers, are controlled by the local police. Maritime search and rescue, as well as reports of overdue aircraft, fall under the control of the National Rescue Coordination Centre, based in Wellington, which coordinates response from local coastguard, helicopter operators, merchant marine, air force and naval resources. Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Alternative meanings at Wellington (disambiguation) A view of Wellington from the top of Mount Victoria. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... The Royal New Zealand Navy (RNZN) is the navy of New Zealand. ...


Poland

The SAR Service was established on January 1, 2002 by virtue of the Safety at Sea Act (November 9, 2000)


SAR Service takes part in search and rescue of human life at the sea and the tasks related to combating sea pollution. Because Poland is a part of International Conventions like The International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue and The Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area,
Maritime Search and Rescue Service (called SAR Service) was established.
The SAR Service is a state owned budget unit subordinated to the competent Minister for Maritime Economy.
The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ...


See Maritime Search and Rescue Servicefor more information.


United Kingdom

In the UK, maritime search and rescue is coordinated by HM Coastguard, while land-based operations are usually coordinated by the local Police force. The operation itself is carried out with aircraft from the Royal Navy, RAF or Coastguard, RNLI lifeboats and police, military or volunteer mountain rescue or ALSAR teams. In 2006, the government announced controversial plans to effectively privatise provision of search and rescue helicopters in order to replace the aging Sea Kings currently in use, although they have suggested that crews may (at least partially) still be made up of military personnel. [4] Her Majestys Coastguard is the agency of the government of the United Kingdom concerned with co-ordinating rescue at sea. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... “RAF” redirects here. ... Swanage lifeboat being winched up its slipway The Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) is a charity based in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland dedicated to saving lives at sea around the coasts of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Mountain rescue refers to search and rescue activities that occur in a mountainous environment, although the term is sometimes also used to apply to search and rescue in other wilderness environments. ... Privatization (sometimes privatisation, denationalization, or — especially in India — disinvestment) is the process of transferring property, from public ownership to private ownership. ... For the original Viking use of the name, see Sea-King. ... This article is about a military rank. ...


United States

The National Search and Rescue plan designates the United States Coast Guard as the federal agency responsible for maritime SAR and the United States Air Force as the federal agency responsible for inland SAR. Both agencies maintain Rescue Coordination Centers to coordinate this effort. The jurisdiction for local lost person SAR operations varies from state to state in the United States, and depends upon the nature of the operation. USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is at all times a branch of the United States armed forces a maritime law enforcement agency, and a federal regulatory body. ... “The U.S. Air Force” redirects here. ...


Urban SAR


Urban SAR operations involve searching through debris and are often but not always under the jurisdiction of the fire department especially when a rescue is involved. If there is a criminal element, such as abduction, then a law enforcement agency will usually have jurisdictional authority. Firefighter with an axe A firefighter, sometimes still called a fireman though women have increasingly joined firefighting units, is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people and in some areas provide emergency medical services. ... For the band, see The Police. ...


Wilderness SAR


Authority for Wilderness SAR and Mountain Rescue varies, with some states (e.g., New Mexico) supervising operations from a state-wide office such as state police or office of emergency management. Many states place authority for SAR with the local sheriff of the county in which the incident took place (e.g., Colorado). The United States Forest Service may also be involved. State fish and game wardens may also be responsible (e.g., New Hampshire). Within U.S. national parks and monuments, the National Park Service maintains authority, "exclusive jurisdiction," regardless of state law. Most wilderness SAR operations involve volunteer groups such as members of the Mountain Rescue Association, US-HERO and US Search And Rescue Task Force, who work for the jurisdictional authority. Mountain rescue refers to search and rescue activities that occur in a mountainous environment, although the term is sometimes also used to apply to search and rescue in other wilderness environments. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... An Office of Emergency Management (OEM) is an agency at the local, state or national level that holds responsibility of comprehensively planning for and responding to all manner of disasters, whether man-made or natural. ... Look up Sheriff in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Logo of the U.S. Forest Service. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,350 sq mi (24,217 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 4. ... The parks of the United States National Park system are one type of protected area in the United States and are operated by the U.S. National Park Service. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... State law, in the United States, is the law of each separate U.S. state, as passed by the state legislature and signed into law by the state governor. ...


In addition to their responsibilities in the area of missing aircraft SAR, the Civil Air Patrol (USAF Aux) often assists in wilderness SAR when activated by local agencies. Civil Air Patrol seal The Civil Air Patrol (CAP) is the civilian auxiliary of the United States Air Force (USAF). ...


Water SAR


SAR on federal waters is usually the responsibility of the United States Coast Guard, but in inland and joint jurisdiction waters state and local government agencies assume some or all responsibility for SAR. A sample water rescue team is Dive Team 8 of US-HERO. USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is at all times a branch of the United States armed forces a maritime law enforcement agency, and a federal regulatory body. ... Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a state or province. ...


In some situations, body recovery may fall under a separate command, such as the state medical investigator or county medical examiner, depending upon the local laws. For the thrash metal band, see Coroner (band). ...


Missing Aircraft and ELT beacon searches


Where downed aircraft are involved, the state aeronautics commission (or their delegate) is responsible for the recovery and subsequent investigation. Most states use the Civil Air Patrol (CAP) in conjunction with their local SAR team. CAP is the Air Force Auxiliary. CAP SAR teams are activated through the United States Air Force Rescue Coordination Center to conduct searches for possible or actual missing aircraft. CAP conducts over 95% of all federal search and rescue missions directed by the Center for possible or actual missing aircraft. CAP also helps with missing person searches as requested by county, state and other agencies. Civil Air Patrol seal The Civil Air Patrol (CAP) is the civilian auxiliary of the United States Air Force (USAF). ... Seal of the Air Force. ...


Personnel


Urban operations are generally staffed with paid personnel from fire, EMS, law enforcement agencies and volunteer teams with mutual aid agreements. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The term mutual aid has multiple meanings: Mutual aid, a tenet of anarchist thought Mutual aid, an agreement between emergency responders Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution, a book by anarchist Peter Kropotkin Mutual aid, in social work with groups Category: ...


Wilderness operations are usually staffed with a combination of paid and volunteer personnel. Volunteers may be members of a public safety agency such as a fire department or county sheriff but are also likely to be members of an independent non-profit group with specialized skills such as ground search and rescue, airborne search, wilderness navigation, cave rescue, mountain rescue, ski patrol and wilderness first aid. Large operations can bring a dozen or more separate groups and government agencies to a single operation, which is usually managed using the Incident Command System (ICS) originally developed for management of diverse resources to combat large wildfires. The managing agency tends to be state law enforcement, or the county that the search is being staged in. This is an article about the modern meaning of the term public safety. ... Look up Sheriff in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Table of geography, hydrography, and navigation, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... Cave Rescue is a highly specialized field of wilderness rescue in which injured, trapped or lost explorers are medically treated and extracted from various cave environments. ... Mountain rescue refers to search and rescue activities that occur in a mountainous environment, although the term is sometimes also used to apply to search and rescue in other wilderness environments. ... Ski patroller with toboggan in tow A ski patrol is an organization that provides first aid and rescue services to skiers and participants of other snow sports, either at a ski area or in a backcountry setting. ... Wilderness first aid is the provision of first aid under conditions where the arrival of emergency responders or the patient evacuation may be delayed due to constraints of terrain, weather, and available persons or equipment. ... A typical Incident Command Post The Incident Command System (ICS) is a management system used within the United States to organize emergency response and was designed to offer a scalable response to incidents of any magnitude. ... For other uses, see Wildfire (disambiguation). ...


Marine operations in the U.S. are generally staffed by the United States Coast Guard including its Auxiliary, and on inland waters county and state public safety agencies will also participate. USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is at all times a branch of the United States armed forces a maritime law enforcement agency, and a federal regulatory body. ... Signature Mark of the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary The United States Coast Guard Auxiliary was established on June 23, 1939 by an act of Congress as the United States Coast Guard Reserve and re-designated as the Auxiliary on February 19, 1941. ...


Aviation search operations in the U.S. are staffed by Civil Air Patrol volunteers, which include both aircrews and ground teams trained for wilderness search in coordination with aircraft. CAP members also perform SAR and disaster relief activities of other natures, in the effort to assist local, state, and national authorities as directed by CAP Incident Commanders and the Air Force Rescue Coordination Center. Civil Air Patrol seal The Civil Air Patrol (CAP) is the civilian auxiliary of the United States Air Force (USAF). ...


SAR Units


Most SAR units in the United States are all-volunteer groups that work under the jurisdictional authorities. These may be sponsored by a jurisdictional authority (Sheriff's Office or Police Department) or be an independent group with a Mutual Aid Agreement with the jurisdictional authorities. Examples of all volunteer groups are US-HERO, ASRC, Explorer Search and Rescue, and US Search And Rescue Task Force. The Independent Group met at the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) London from 1952-55. ... ESAR is the acronym for Explorer Search and Rescue, which refers to teams of volunteers from the ranks of U.S. Explorer scouts who are trained and deployed for search and rescue missions. ...


See also

SAR by resource kind

International Society of Professional Trackers The toe of an avalanche in Alaskas Kenai Fjords. ... Cave Rescue is a highly specialized field of wilderness rescue in which injured, trapped or lost explorers are medically treated and extracted from various cave environments. ... Mountain rescue refers to search and rescue activities that occur in a mountainous environment, although the term is sometimes also used to apply to search and rescue in other wilderness environments. ... Mounted search and rescue (MSAR), search and rescue responders on horseback, are primarily a search resource, but also can provide off-road logistics support and transportation. ... Tracking dogs follow ground scent The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in responding to law enforcement requests for missing persons. ...

  • Volunteer Search & Rescue
  • Satellite distress detection - Cospas-Sarsat (C-S)

Cospas-Sarsat is an international satellite-based search and rescue system, established by Canada, France, the United States, and the former Soviet Union in 1979. ...

Others

US-HERO is a nation-wide volunteer organization providing qualified Search and Rescue and Disaster Relief services to local, state and federal agencies. ... The Life Saver 1 Helicopter During a Water Rescue in Sydney The Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter Service was founded in 1973 by Surf Life Saving Australia. ... Civil Air Patrol seal The Civil Air Patrol (CAP) is the civilian auxiliary of the United States Air Force (USAF). ... A coast guard is a national organization responsible for various services at sea. ... Emergency position-indicating rescue beacons (EPIRB), also called Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT) or Personal Locator Beacon, are small radio transmitters that some satellites and search and rescue aircraft can use to locate people, boats and aircraft needing rescue. ... Emergency Position-Indicating Radio Beacons (EPIRBs), Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELTs) and Personal Locator Beacons (PLBs) are tracking transmitters that operate as part of the Cospas-Sarsat satellite system. ... ESAR is the acronym for Explorer Search and Rescue, which refers to teams of volunteers from the ranks of U.S. Explorer scouts who are trained and deployed for search and rescue missions. ... Severn class lifeboat in Poole Harbour, Dorset, England. ... A [PC-12] of the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia. ... USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is at all times a branch of the United States armed forces a maritime law enforcement agency, and a federal regulatory body. ... Signature Mark of the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary The United States Coast Guard Auxiliary was established on June 23, 1939 by an act of Congress as the United States Coast Guard Reserve and re-designated as the Auxiliary on February 19, 1941. ... Urban search and rescue (USAR) involves the mobilisation of resources to locate and remove trapped and often injured victims from collapsed structures or environments. ... Ski patroller with toboggan in tow A ski patrol is an organization that provides first aid and rescue services to skiers and participants of other snow sports, either at a ski area or in a backcountry setting. ... Wilderness first aid is the provision of first aid under conditions where the arrival of emergency responders or the patient evacuation may be delayed due to constraints of terrain, weather, and available persons or equipment. ... 103 Search and Rescue Squadron of the Canadian Forces Air Command currently operates the CH-149 Cormorant from CFB 9 Wing Gander, Newfoundland. ... An Organization located in the North East United States devoted to Search and Rescue and Disaster Relief. ... As the United States inland search and rescue (SAR) coordinator, the Air Force Rescue Coordination Center serves as the single agency responsible for coordinating on-land federal SAR activities in the 48 contiguous United States, Mexico and Canada. ... The Law Enforcemnt Arm in the State of Maryland. ... The Cardiff and Vale Rescue Association (CAVRA) is a voluntary search and rescue organisation, operating within the City of Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan. ... Long Beach Search & Rescue is a specialist Explorer post of the Learning for Life program with the Boy Scouts of America. ... Snohomish County Volunteer Search and Rescue (SCVSAR) is a search and rescue organization in Snohomish County, Washington, USA. SCVSAR is made up of several specialized units as well as units distributed geographically within the county. ... Multnomah County Sheriffs Office Search & Rescue logo Multnomah County Sheriffs Office Search and Rescue (MCSO SAR) is a non-profit volunteer search and rescue resource for the Multnomah County Sheriff’s Office in Multnomah County, Oregon, United States. ... Mercia Inshore Search and Rescue (MISAR), also known as Mercia Rescue, is a water rescue team operating from the marina in Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire, England. ...

External links

The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ AusSAR
  3. ^ Victoria Police Search and Rescue Squad
  4. ^ Bushwalkers Wilderness Rescue Squad
  5. ^ Bushwalkers Search and Rescue

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Search and rescue - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1694 words)
Search and rescue (acronym SAR) is an operation mounted by emergency services, often well-trained volunteers, to find someone believed to be in distress, lost, sick or injured either in a remote or difficult to access area, such as mountains, desert or forest ("Wilderness search and rescue"), or at sea, whether close to shore or not.
Virgin Islands Search and Rescue (VISAR) is the officially recognised search and rescue organisation in the British Virgin Islands.
SAR on water is usually the jurisdiction of the United States Coast Guard, but inland waters may also fall under the authority of state or local government agencies.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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