FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Sean Garland

Seán Garland (7 March 1934-) is president of the Workers Party of Ireland. March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in Leap years). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Categories: Ireland-related stubs | Irish political parties | Republic of Ireland political parties | Northern Ireland political parties ...


Born in Dublin, Garland joined the Irish Republican Army in 1953. In 1954, he briefly joined the British Army and collected intelligence on Gough Barracks in Armagh. This enabled the IRA to hoist a massive arms raid, which took place on 12 June 1954 with Garland's active involvement, on the installation. Garland left the British Army in October of the same year and became a fulltime IRA training officer. Following the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty on 6 December 1921, the Irish Republican Army in the 26 counties that were to become the Irish Free State split between supporters and opponents of the Treaty. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Armagh is a city in Northern Ireland, the capital of County Armagh. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On 1 January 1957 at the beginning of the IRA Border Campaign he led the unsuccessful attack on Brookeborough Royal Ulster Constabulary barracks in which his comrades Seán South and Fergal O’Hanlon, both the subjects of well-known republican ballads, were shot and fatally wounded. Under fire, Garland carried South on his shoulders in an unsuccessful attempt to save his friend's life. Seriously wounded, he was subsequently hospitalised for a number of weeks and was then jailed in Mountjoy Prison. Upon his release, he was interned in the Curragh from September 1959 to August 1962 January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Border Campaign (December 12, 1956 - February 26, 1962) was an operation (codenamed Operation Harvest) carried out by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) against targets in Northern Ireland. ... Brookeborough is a village in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. ... The Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) was the police force in Northern Ireland from 1922 to 2001. ... Sean South was an IRA terrorist fatally wounded whilst leading an attempt to storm a police station in Brookeborough, Northern Ireland in the small hours of New Years day 1957. ... Mountjoy Prison is a closed medium security prison located in Dublin, Ireland. ... The word internment is generally used to refer to the imprisonment or confinement of people without due process of law and a trial. ... The Curragh is a plain in County Kildare Ireland. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In the 1960s, Garland became a Marxist and was one of a generation of IRA leaders who attempted to lead the organisation away from violence and into left-wing political agitation. During the 1969/70 IRA split, he supported the moves to abandon abstentionism and was a key figure in Official Sinn Féin (as national organiser) and Official Irish Republican Army (as adjutant-general). The Official IRA was openly involved in shootings and bombings of military and civilian targets but declared a ceasefire in May 1972. Despite this, the Official IRA continued to carry out shootings and robberies during the 1970s and was engaged in a number of feuds with the Provisional IRA and the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA). Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ... Abstentionism is the policy of seeking election to a body while refusing to take up the seats or even sitting in an alternative assembly. ... Official Sinn Féin (later renamed Sinn Féin the Workers Party) was a Stalinst political party which evolved from the split in Sinn Féin and the IRA that took place in 1970. ... The term Official IRA relates to one of the two elements of the Irish Republican Army - the other being the Provisional IRA - that emerged from the ideological split in the Irish Republican movement in 1969-70. ... A ceasefire is a temporary stoppage of a war, or any armed conflict, where each side of the conflict agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions. ... The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) is a paramilitary group which aimed, through the use of violence, to achieve three goals: (i) British withdrawal from Ireland, (ii) the political unification of Ireland through the merger of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland , and (iii) the creation of an all... The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) is an Irish republican paramilitary organization which was formed on December 8, 1974. ...


On 1 March 1975 in Ballymun, Dublin, Garland survived an INLA assassination attempt while returning home with his wife. March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ...


In 1977, Garland was elected general secretary of Official Sinn Féin. In the same year, he successfully proposed that the party be renamed Sinn Féin The Workers Party. In 1982, he proposed that the prefix Sinn Féin be dropped from the party name to become simply The Workers Party. For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...


In 1986, as general secretary of the Workers Party, he addressed a letter to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union requested 1million US dollars in aid for his party. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 16th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China meets in 2002 The Central Committee is a leading body of an organization, most often a political party, especially Communist parties. ... The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за = КПСС) was the name used by the successors of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party from 1952 to 1991, but the wording Communist Party was present in the partys name since 1918 when the Bolsheviks became the All...


In 2000, he was elected president of the Workers Party.


On 7 October 2005, Garland was arrested in Belfast on foot of an extradition application issued by the US authorities. The American authorities alledge that Garland has been involved in a massive counterfeiting operation involving almost perfect copies of US dollars — so-called "superdollars". They also allege that this counterfeiting involved the DPRK government. Garland has been released on bail. [1] [2] October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Belfast (Béal Feirste in Irish) is a city in the United Kingdom, and the second-largest city on the island of Ireland. ... Extradition is a formal process by which a criminal suspect held by one government is handed over to another government for trial or, if the suspect has already been tried and found guilty, to serve his or her sentence. ... A counterfeit is an imitation that is made with the intent to deceptively represent its content or origins. ... A superdollar is an almost perfect counterfeit of a United States banknote. ... North Korea, known officially as the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Chosongul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia, covering the northern half of the peninsula of Korea. ... Traditionally, bail is some form of property deposited or pledged to a court in order to persuade it to release a suspect from jail, on the understanding that the suspect will return for trial or forfeit the bail (skipping bail, or jumping bail, is also illegal). ...


On 9 October 2005, a Sunday Times article alleged that Garland became chief of staff of the largely inactive Official IRA in 1998.[3] The following is the list of those who have served as Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army in the various incarnations of organisations bearing that name. ...


On 1 December, the High Court in Belfast issued a warrant for Garland's arrest after he failed to appear for an extradition hearing. December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Superdollar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (458 words)
The Colonel in Chief of the Official IRA named Sean Garland was followed and seen travelling to Moscow and visiting the North Korean embassy along with some ex-KGB officers.
Sean Garland would then, with the help of some associate couriers, move this money to Dublin and then on to Birmingham where the notes would be exchanged for pounds or other dollars.
The term 'superdollar' is also used to refer to a period of extreme U.S. dollar strength relative to other currencies, particularly in the 1980s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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