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Encyclopedia > Seal of Sofia
The current edition of the coat of arms of Sofia as a seal
The current edition of the coat of arms of Sofia as a seal

The coat of arms of Sofia consists of a shield divided into four. The image of the Church of St Sophia which gave the name to the city takes up the upper left field (as seen from behind the shield) and a humanized picture of the ancient town of Serdica taken from an antique coin is located to the left. Down left is a golden baldachin and a statue of Apollo Medicus representing the mineral springs around the city, while the lower right field is reserved for Vitosha, the mountain at the foot of which Sofia is located. coat of arms of Sofia. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Official website: sofia. ... The Church of St. ... National Theatre, Sofia Alexander Nevski Cathedral The city of Sofia (Bulgarian: София), at the foot of the Vitosha mountain, has a population of 1,208,930 (2003), and is the capital of the Republic of Bulgaria. ... The Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller at Rhodes under a canopy of estate, on a dais: there is a cushion under his feet A baldachin, baldachino or baldacchino is a canopy of state over an altar or throne, It had its beginnings as a cloth canopy, but in other... Mineral water is water containing minerals or other dissolved substances that alter its taste or give it therapeutic value. ... Vitosha (Bulgarian: Витоша) is mountain massif, at the foot of which Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, is situated. ...

The original coat of arms of Sofia of 1900
Enlarge
The original coat of arms of Sofia of 1900

In the middle is another, smaller shield, where the image of a lion leaping, a traditional Bulgarian symbol, is located. A crown of walls and towers tops the larger shield, an element typically reserved for city coat of arms. At the bottom is the city motto, "Расте, но не старее ("Grows, but does not age").


History

The coat of arms was created for the Paris Exposition Universelle in 1900 by a team of three noted Bulgarian artists and specialists — Haralampi Tachev, Ivan Markvichka and Vatslav Dobruski, as the city was required by the executive committee to submit a symbol in order to take part. The then-Knyaz Ferdinand approved the coat of arms and it was sent to Paris. , The Eiffel Tower, the tallest structure in Paris, is an international symbol of the city. ... The Exposition Universelle of 1900 was a worlds fair held in Paris, France, to celebrate the achievements of the past century and to accelerate development into the next. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... Early Bulgar leaders bore the title of baltavar (balt-avar), which literally means ruler of Avars. Later they acquired the title Khan and Khagan, still later the title tsar. ... Ferdinand Maximilan Charles Leopold Marie, Ferdinand of Bulgaria (February 26, 1861 - September 10, 1948) was monarch of Bulgaria as well as an author, botanist and philatelist. ...


Changes were made to the original image of the coat of arms in the following years. The motto was first added in 1911 by Haralampi Tachev, who also gave it a final touch by adding a band with the motto and laurel twigs in 1928. A simplified variant was suggested by Boris Angelushev in the 1940s, with Ivan Radoev adding a five-pointed star and additionally stylizing the coat of arms in 1974. The 1928 edition of Haralampi Tachev returned into official use after the democratic changes. 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Some trees and shrubs in the laurel family Lauraceae are called Laurel: Bay laurel Laurus nobilis, the original true laurel that is the source of bay leaves used as a seasoning. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... By the time the impact of Mikhail Gorbachevs reform program in the Soviet Union was felt in Bulgaria in the late 1980s, the Communists, like their leader, had grown too feeble to resist the demand for change for long. ...


References

  • The Birth of the Coat of Arms, excerpt from a publication by Haralampi Tachev. Sofia municipial website, accessed 5 April 2006.

External links

  • The act restoring the original coat of arms in 1991

 
 

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