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Encyclopedia > Sea Venture
The coat of arms of Bermuda features a representation of the wreck of the Sea Venture

The Sea Venture was a 17th-century English sailing ship, the wrecking of which in Bermuda is widely thought to have been the inspiration for Shakespeare's The Tempest. She was the flagship of the Virginia Company, and was a highly unusual vessel for her day. Coat of Arms of Bermuda (large) This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Coat of Arms of Bermuda (large) This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Coat of Arms of Bermuda show a red lion holding a shield that has a depiction of a sinking ship upon it. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Virginia Company of London Seal The London Company (also called the Charter of the Virginia Company of London) was an English joint stock company established by royal charter by James I on April 10, 1606 with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America. ...

Contents

The Virginia Company

The proprietary Virginia Company of London had established the settlement of Jamestown in Virginia in 1607, and delivered supplies and additional settlers in 1608, raising the colony's population to 200, despite many deaths. The entire operation was characterized by a lack of resources and experience. The Company's fleet was composed of vessels which were less than optimal for delivering large numbers of passengers across the Atlantic Ocean, and the colony itself was threatened by starvation, disease, and warfare with native peoples. Virginia Company of London Seal The London Company (also called the Virginia Company of London) was an English joint stock company established by royal charter by James I on April 10, 1606 with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America. ... At Jamestown Settlement, replicas of Christopher Newports 3 ships are docked in the harbour. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Despite the delivery of supplies in 1608 on the First and Second Supply missions of Captain Christopher Newport, it seemed certain, at that time, that without a major relief effort, the colony at Jamestown would meet the same fate as two earlier failed English attempts to settle in North America, the Roanoke Colony and the Popham Colony. Christopher Newport (c. ... Lost Colony redirects here. ... The site of the 1607 Popham Colony in present-day Maine is shown by Po on the map. ...


The investors of the Virginia Company of London expected to reap rewards from their speculative investments. With the Second Supply, they expressed their frustrations and made demands upon the leaders of Jamestown in written form. They specifically demanded that the colonists send commodities sufficient to pay the cost of the voyage, a lump of gold, assurance that they had found the South Sea, and one member of the lost Roanoke Colony. Lost Colony redirects here. ...


It fell to the third president of the Council to deliver a reply. Ever bold, Captain John Smith delivered what must have been a wake-up call to the investors in London. In what has been termed "Smith's Rude Answer", he composed a letter, writing (in part): Statue at Jamestown VA, photo Aug 2007 Captain/Sir John Smith (1580–June 21, 1631), was an English soldier, sailor, and author. ...


"When you send againe I entreat you rather send but thirty Carpenters, husbandmen, gardiners, fishermen, blacksmiths, masons and diggers up of trees, roots, well provided; than a thousand of such awe have: for except wee be able both to lodge them and feed them, the most will consume with want of necessaries before they can be made good for anything."[1]


Smith did begin his letter with something of an apology, saying "I humbly intreat your Pardons if I offend you with my rude Answer..."[2]


There are strong indications that those in London comprehended and embraced Smith's message. Their Third Supply mission was by far the largest and best equipped. They even had a new purpose-built flagship constructed, the Sea Venture, placed in the most experienced of hands, Christopher Newport. The Third Supply was the first truly successful wave of colonization, in the first British settlement in the Americas; Jamestown, Virginia. ...


The construction of the Sea Venture

In response to the inadequacy of its vessels, the Company built, probably in Aldeburgh, the Sea Venture as England's first purpose-designed emigrant ship. She displaced 300 tons, cost £1,500, and differed from her contemporaries primarily in her internal arrangements. Her guns were placed on her main deck, rather than below decks as was then the norm. This meant the ship did not need double-timbering, and she may have been the first single-timbered, armed merchant ship built in England. The hold was sheathed and furnished for passengers. She was armed with eight nine-pounder demi-culverins, eight five-pounder sakers, four three-pounder falcons, and four arquebusses. The ship was probably launched in 1608, and her uncompleted journey to Jamestown appears to have been her maiden voyage. Map sources for Aldeburgh at grid reference TM4656 Aldeburgh is a town in Suffolk, East Anglia, England; it is located on the Alde river at 52° North, 1° East 1. ... In fluid mechanics, displacement occurs when an object is immersed in a fluid, pushing it out of the way and taking its place. ...


The loss of the Sea Venture

On 2 June 1609, the Sea Venture set sail from Plymouth as the flagship of a seven-ship fleet (towing 2 additional pinnaces) destined for Jamestown, Virginia as part of the Third Supply, carrying 500-to-600 people (unclear whether that number includes crew, or only settlers). On 25 July, the fleet ran into a strong storm, likely a hurricane, and the ships were separated. The Sea Venture fought the storm for three days. Comparably-sized ships had survived such weather, but the Sea Venture had a critical flaw in her newness, as her timbers had not set. The caulking was forced from between them, and the ship began to leak rapidly. All hands were applied to bailing, but the water continued to rise in the hold. The ship's guns were reportedly jettisoned (though two were salvaged from the wreck in 1612) to raise her buoyancy, but this only delayed the inevitable. The Admiral of the Company, Sir George Somers himself, was at the helm through the storm. When he spied land on the morning of 28 July, the water in the hold had risen to nine feet, and crew and passengers had been driven past the point of exhaustion. Somers deliberately drove the ship onto the reefs of what proved to be Bermuda in order to prevent its foundering. This allowed all 150 people, and one dog, aboard to be landed safely ashore. is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... This article is about the city of Plymouth in England. ... A pinnace is a light boat, propelled by sails or oars, formerly used as a tender for guiding merchant and war vessels. ... At Jamestown Settlement, replicas of Christopher Newports 3 ships are docked in the harbour. ... The Third Supply was the first truly successful wave of colonization, in the first British settlement in the Americas; Jamestown, Virginia. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Caulking - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... Admiral Sir George Somers (1554-1610) was a British naval hero. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Deliverance and Patience

Sylvester Jordain's "A Discovery of the Barmudas".
Sylvester Jordain's "A Discovery of the Barmudas".

The survivors, including several company officials, (Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Gates, the ship's captain Christopher Newport, Sylvester Jordain, and secretary William Strachey), were stranded on Bermuda for approximately nine months. During that time, they built two new ships, the pinnaces Deliverance and Patience, from Bermuda cedar and parts salvaged from the Sea Venture', especially her rigging. It had been intended to build only one vessel, the Deliverance, but it soon became evident that she would not be large enough to carry the settlers and all of the food (salted pork) that was being sourced on the islands. While the new ships were building, the Sea Venture 's longboat was fitted with a mast and sent under the command of Henry Raven to find Virginia. The boat and its crew were never seen again. Other members of the expedition died, or were killed, or born before the Deliverance and the Patience set sail on 10 May 1610. Among those left buried in Bermuda were the wife and child of John Rolfe, who would found Virginia's tobacco industry, and find a new wife in Powhatan princess Pocahontas. Two men, Carter and Waters, were left behind to maintain the claim of the islands for England, but the remainder arrived in Jamestown on 23 May. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (977x1449, 642 KB) Cover of Sylvester Jordains A Discovery of the Barmudas, a first-hand narrative of the loss of the Sea Venture, the flagship of the Virginia Company, on the reefs of Bermuda, and the adventures of its survivors. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (977x1449, 642 KB) Cover of Sylvester Jordains A Discovery of the Barmudas, a first-hand narrative of the loss of the Sea Venture, the flagship of the Virginia Company, on the reefs of Bermuda, and the adventures of its survivors. ... Sir Thomas Gates (fl. ... Christopher Newport (c. ... Samuel Jordan, 1578 to 1623, was an early Jamestowne settler and one of the first American colonial legislators, born in Wiltshire, England, son of Robert Jordan. ... William Strachey (1572-1621) was an English writer and barrister, whose writings are among the primary sources for the history the English colonization of North America, and as one of the only narratives describing Powhatan society. ... A pinnace is a light boat, propelled by sails or oars, formerly used as a tender for guiding merchant and war vessels. ... Binomial name Juniperus bermudiana L. The Bermuda cedar (Juniperus bermudiana) is a species of juniper tree native to the British overseas territory of Bermuda. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 7 - Galileo Galilei discovers the Galilean moons of Jupiter. ... This article is about the Virginia colonist. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... This article is about the Algonquian tribe. ... For other uses, see Pocahontas (disambiguation). ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sir Thomas Gates had a cross erected before leaving Bermuda, on which was a copper tablet inscribed in Latin and English:

In Memory of our deliverance both from the Storme and the Great leake wee have erected this cross to the honour of God. It is the Spoyle of an English Shippe of 300 tonnes called SEA VENTURE bound with seven others (from which the storme divided us) to Virginia or NOVA BRITANIA in America. In it were two Knights, Sir Thomas Gates, Knight Gouvenor of the English Forces and Colonie there: and Sir George Somers, Knight Admiral of the Seas. Her Captain was Christopher Newport. Passengers and mariners she had beside (which all come to safety) one hundred and fiftie. Wee were forced to runne her ashore (by reason of her leake) under a point that bore South East from the Northerne Point of the Island which wee discovered first on the eighth and twentieth of July 1609.

This was not the end of the survivors' ordeals, however. On reaching Jamestown, only 60 survivors were found of the 500 who had preceded them. Many of these survivors were themselves dying, and Jamestown itself was judged to be unviable. Everyone was boarded onto the Deliverance and Patience, which set sail for England. The timely arrival of another relief fleet, bearing Governor Baron De La Warre, which met the two ships as they descended the James River, granted Jamestown a reprieve. All the settlers were relanded at the colony, but there was still a critical shortage of food. Somers returned to Bermuda with the Patience to secure provisions, but died there in the summer of 1610. His nephew, Matthew, the captain of the Patience, sailed for England to claim his inheritance, rather than return to Jamestown. A third man, Chard, was left behind with Carter and Waters, who remained the only permanent inhabitants until the arrival of the Plough in 1612. Christopher Newport (c. ... Thomas West, 3rd (or 12th) Baron De La Warr (July 9, 1577 - June 7, 1618), was the Englishman for whom the state, river, and American Indian tribe called Delaware (in the United States) were named. ... Events January 20 - Mathias becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ...


The ordeal was recounted by Strachey, whose account is believed to have influenced the creation of Shakespeare's play The Tempest, and by Sylvester Jordain. For other uses, see The Tempest (disambiguation). ...


Postscript

The Sea Venture sat atop the reefs off Gate's Bay long enough to be stripped of all useful parts and materials, not only by her crew and passengers, but by subsequent settlers, what was left of her eventually disappeared beneath the waves. Two of her guns were salvaged in 1612 and used in the initial fortification of Bermuda (one was placed on Governor's Island, opposite Paget's Fort, the other on Castle Island)[3]. After the wreck's submergence, her precise location was unknown until rediscovered by sport divers Downing and Heird in October, 1958. Despite the lack of artifacts to be found, she was positively identified in 1959, in time for the 350th anniversary of the wrecking. Castle Island is part of the chain which makes up Bermuda. ...


The Sea Venture was also the namesake of a cruise liner which operated between the USA and Bermuda in the 1970s, before being obtained by Princess Cruises, which renamed her the Pacific Princess. She was subsequently was used in the television show The Love Boat. Legend of the Seas moored at San Diego, California A cruise ship, or less commonly cruise liner, is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the amenities of the ship are considered an essential part of the experience. ... Princess Cruises logo Princess Cruises is an American cruise line, based out of Santa Clarita, California, that operates cruise ships also shares the same building with Cunard Line headquarters. ... Pacific Princess off the US West Coast Pacific (formerly Sea Venture and Pacific Princess) is a cruise ship. ... For the Taiwanese youth program informally known as Love Boat, see Overseas Chinese Youth Language Training and Study Tour to the Republic of China. ...


See also

The 1606 grants by James I to the London and Plymouth companies. ... Virginia Company of London Seal The London Company (also called the Charter of the Virginia Company of London) was an English joint stock company established by royal charter by James I on April 10, 1606 with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America. ... The Somers Isles Company was formed in 1615 to operate the English colony of the Somers Isles, alias the Islands of Bermuda, as a commercial venture. ... This is the history of Bermuda. ... A map of the Colony of Virginia. ... Sketch of Jamestown c. ... At Jamestown Settlement, replicas of Christopher Newports 3 ships are docked in the harbour. ... // [edit] Native Americans Virginia Indian chief in engraving after John White watercolor The portion of the New World designated Virginia in honor of the Virgin Queen (Elizabeth I) in the late 16th century had been inhabited by many groups of Native Americans for at least 3,000 years, based upon...

Notes

  1. ^ WPA Guide to Virginia: Virginia History. University of Virginia. Retrieved on 2007-10-11.
  2. ^ Smith's "Rude" Letter to the Virginia Company (1608). Library of Congress. Retrieved on 2007-10-11.
  3. ^ Bermuda Forts 1612-1957, by Dr. Edward Cecil Harris. Bermuda Matitime Museum Press, 1997. ISBN 0-921560-11--7.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dr. Edward C. Harris, MBE, JP, FSA is a prominent Bermudian archaeologist. ...

References

Two survivors wrote accounts of the wrecking:

Many other references include: William Strachey (1572-1621) was an English writer and barrister, whose writings are among the primary sources for the history the English colonization of North America, and as one of the only narratives describing Powhatan society. ...

  • Memorials of the Discovery and Early Settlement of The Bermudas or Somers Isles, 1515–1685, Major General John Henry Lefroy.

A recent history is

  • Sea Venture: Shipwreck, Survival, and the Salvation of the First English Colony in the New World, by Kieran Doherty

A booklet was produced after the wreck was rediscovered in 1958 and identified in 1959:

  • The Sea Venture Story, P.M. Wright.

P.M. Wright refers to: Shippes of the Reign of James 1st, Volumne XIX, Royal Historical Society, by Marsden.


In fiction

  • 20th-century American author Scott O'Dell wrote and published a fictionalized account of the Sea Venture shipwreck called The Serpent Never Sleeps.
  • Children's author Clyde Robert Bulla wrote a fictionalized account of the Sea Venture voyage called A Lion to Guard Us. It focuses on three children sailing to Jamestown to find their father.

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see The Tempest (disambiguation). ... Francis Van Wyck Mason (November 11, 1901 – August 28, 1978, Bermuda) was an American historian and novelist. ... Scott ODell (May 23, 1898 – October 16, 1989) was an American childrens author who wrote 26 novels for youngsters, along with three adult novels and four nonfiction books. ... Clyde Robert Bulla (b. ...

External links

Further reading

  • A. Bryant Nichols Jr., Captain Christopher Newport: Admiral of Virginia, Sea Venture, 2007
  • David A. Price, Love and Hate in Jamestown: John Smith, Pocahontas, and the Start of A New Nation, Alfred A. Knopf, 2003, chapter 10
  • Bermuda Forts 1612-1957, by Dr. Edward Cecil Harris. Bermuda Matitime Museum Press, 1997. ISBN 0-921560-11--7.

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