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Encyclopedia > Sea Shepherd
Sea Shepherd flag flying on the RV Farley Mowat.
Sea Shepherd flag flying on the RV Farley Mowat.

The Sea Shepherd Conservation Society is a non-profit, registered tax-exempt organization in the United States, and a registered Stichting (foundation) in The Netherlands. Members call themselves eco-pirates and sail under a Jolly Roger, which is also the society's logo, undertaking campaigns that the society says are guided by the United Nations World Charter for Nature (1982) and other statutory laws protecting marine species and environments.[1][2] Image File history File linksMetadata Seashepherd_small_pt. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Seashepherd_small_pt. ... Farley Mowat at Docklands, Melbourne, Australia The R/V Farley Mowat is the flagship of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Societys fleet. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... Pirates may refer to: A group of people committing any of these activities: Piracy at sea or on a river/lake. ... Wingdings version of the Jolly Roger (character N). Many pirates created their own individualized versions. ... For other uses, see Logo (disambiguation). ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ...


The society was founded in 1977 by Paul Watson,one of the three founders of Greenpeace, after he concluded that "bearing witness" to environmental damage was an inadequate response compared to actual enforcement of international laws, regulations, and treaties.[3] Paul Watson (born December 2, 1950) is the founder of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and is a significant, albeit controversial, figure in the environmental movement and the movement for animal rights. ... Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ...


In contrast to Greenpeace, which maintains a policy of avoiding causing damage to whaling ships in the oceans, Sea Shepherd endorses a deliberate policy of sinking or sabotaging vessels they believe have violated international whaling law.[4] As a result, Greenpeace has officially disavowed any connection to Sea Shepherd and refused to assist their efforts, stating "... we are not going to help people who have said they will use violence. We are here to save the whale, not put the lives of whalers at risk."[5]


Sea Shepherd is based in Friday Harbor, Washington, in the United States and Melbourne, Australia for its Southern Hemisphere operations, and has a fleet of three vessels it calls "Neptune's Navy": the RV Farley Mowat, the MV Steve Irwin, and the RV Sirenian, as well as several smaller boats.[6] Cars at the entrance to the ferry dock at Friday Harbor. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ... Farley Mowat at Docklands, Melbourne, Australia The R/V Farley Mowat is the flagship of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Societys fleet. ... For other uses, see Boat (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Background

Sea Shepherd engages in direct actions to protect such marine wildlife as seals, dolphins and whales. These have included more conventional protests, as well as, at times, scuttling and sinking fishing boats engaged in fishery operations while in harbor, sabotage of vessels in harbor, ramming the whaling ship Sierra in Portuguese harbor,[7] and seizure and destruction of drift nets at sea. Sea Shepherd has also conducted an intense media campaign against Japanese high-seas whaling and the Canadian sealing industry in particular. Despite the more direct nature of such actions (as contrasted with the actions of groups such as Greenpeace), there have been few reports of injuries and no reports of deaths during Sea Shepherd actions. The most recent injury report was made by two Japanese crewmen who claim being splashed with foul-smelling butyric acid during Sea Shepherd's February 2007 action in the Ross Sea.[8] The Sea Shepherds admitted to throwing six one-litre bottles of butyric acid onto the deck of the Nisshin Maru although Paul Watson denied that any Japanese crew could have been harmed, saying that butyric acid is "a simple non-toxic butter acid, basically rancid butter".[9] However, industrial safety data sheets warn of the corrosive properties of the acid, which can burn skin and eyes[10] and harm aquatic organisms.[11] For the Canadian urban guerrilla group Direct Action, see Squamish Five. ... subfamilies Otariidae Phocidae Odobenidae Pinnipeds are large marine mammals belonging to the Pinnipedia, a family (sometimes a suborder or superfamily, depending on the classification scheme) of the order Carnivora. ... This article is about the dolphin mammal. ... Whales are the largest species of exclusively aquatic placental mammals, members of the order Cetacea, which also includes dolphins and porpoises. ... Demonstrators march in the street while protesting the World Bank and International Monetary Fund on April 16, 2005. ... For other uses, see Harbor (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sabotage (disambiguation). ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ... Drift nets are nets used in oceans. ... Butyric acid, (from Greek βουτυρος = butter) IUPAC name n-Butanoic acid, or normal butyric acid, is a carboxylic acid with structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH. It is notably found in rancid butter, parmesan cheese, and vomit, and has an unpleasant odor and acrid taste, with a sweetish aftertaste (similar to ether). ... Map of Antarctica (click to enlarge) Ice in the Ross Sea, Antarctica The Ross Sea is a deep bay of the Southern Ocean in Antarctica between Victoria Land and Marie Byrd Land. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...

Wikisource has original text related to this article:

Sea Shepherd bases its actions on enforcement of international maritime law under the United Nations World Charter for Nature; however, the organization has no official mandate or authorization to enforce any legislation. Sea Shepherd was deprived of its status as an International Whaling Commission observer after sinking Icelandic vessels in 1986. In 1994, IWC Secretary Ray Gambell stated "the IWC and all its members ardently condemn Sea Shepherd's acts of terrorism."[12] In 2006 the outgoing Vice Chair of the IWC, Horst Kleinschmidt, joined the Board of Sea Shepherd as an advisor. Sea Shepherd is supported by private and corporate donations and operated by volunteers and paid staff, including Watson's current wife. Critics, including its targets, refer to the organization as "pirate"s and "terrorist"s,[8] and consider Sea Shepherd's harassment of targeted fishing and resource-extraction operations to be outside the law. However, Sea Shepherd believe they have a good understanding of the law and operate openly in the UK (where Sea Shepherd UK has charity status[13]) and other countries. Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Admiralty law (usually referred to as simply admiralty and also referred to as maritime law) is a distinct body of law which governs maritime questions and offenses. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... International Whaling Commission Logo The International Whaling Commission (IWC) was set up by the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW)[1] on December 2, 1946 to promote and maintain whale fishery stocks. ... A Donation is a gift given, typically to a cause or/and for charitable purposes. ... For other uses, see Volunteer (disambiguation). ... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Fishermen in the harbor of Kochi, India. ...


Until recently, countries such as Australia have hesitated to pressure Japan to stop whaling because of concerns about harming trade relations.[14] Sea Shepherd supporters claim that small countries in the IWC that support whaling have been bought by Japanese development aid.[citation needed] Japan is behind only the US as an aid donor.[15] However, the former Australian environment minister, Ian Campbell, stated that the activities of Sea Shepherd "puts the cause of conservation backwards" and urged the organisation to "comply with the law of the sea and not do anything to put at risk other vessels on the high seas and therefore human life".[16] Moreover, many new members of EU as well as South American countries are allegedly being pressured to join by countries with a preservationist stance.[17] The Hon. ...

A wildlife advocate during an education session on board RV Farley Mowat.
A wildlife advocate during an education session on board RV Farley Mowat.

In the course of these operations, associates of Sea Shepherd have been threatened, endangered, imprisoned and tried for commission of crimes on the high seas including maritime piracy. Paul Watson, the founder of the group, was arrested in 1993 in Canada on charges stemming from actions against Cuban and Spanish fishing boats off the coast of Newfoundland; but he was found not guilty through relying on Canadian ratification of the UN Charter for Nature (1982).[citation needed] In 1997, he was convicted in absentia in Norway on charges of sinking a Norwegian whaling ship, and spent 80 days in jail in the Netherlands, but he was not extradited to face new charges related to the encounter with the Norwegian Coast Guard vessel Andenes in 1994.[citation needed] Costa Rica filed attempted murder charges against Watson for an incident after he caught a Costa Rican fishing boat poaching, but charges were dropped after prosecutors were shown a film of the incident that was shot by a team making a documentary of Sea Shepherd.[18] Image File history File linksMetadata DSC_0563_sm. ... Image File history File linksMetadata DSC_0563_sm. ... Farley Mowat at Docklands, Melbourne, Australia The R/V Farley Mowat is the flagship of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Societys fleet. ... This article is about maritime piracy. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... For in absentia medical care, see Health care delivery. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ...


Another Animal rights activist, Rod Coronado, who has also had numerous legal problems stemming from his activism, got his start in activism with Sea Shepherd, participating in one of its best-known and most controversial actions, the scuttling of two ships from Iceland's whaling fleet while in port in 1986. Animal liberation redirects here. ... Rod Coronado Rodney Adam Coronado is an American eco-anarchist and animal rights activist who has been convicted of arson, conspiracy and other crimes in connection with his activism but now advocates non-violent action. ...


As a result of such activities, several nations, including Japan, have pressed the United States to declare Sea Shepherd a terrorist organization. However, others are more co-operative, and Sea Shepherd currently has working agreements with several countries, including Ecuador, Costa Rica, Trinidad and Tobago, and Indonesia, to help those countries fight poaching, and in the past has worked against poaching in co-operation with the United States government.[citation needed] For other uses, see Poaching (disambiguation). ...


Operations

A tally on the side of the Farley Mowat, showing ships that Sea Shepherd claim to have sunk.
A tally on the side of the Farley Mowat, showing ships that Sea Shepherd claim to have sunk.

Sea Shepherd operations include interdiction against whaling in Antarctic waters of the Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary of the Southern Ocean, patrols of the Galapagos Islands, and action against Canadian seal hunters.[4][3][19][20] Sea Shepherd has an affiliated organization, O.R.C.A. Force whose president is Watson.[21] Image File history File linksMetadata DSC_0564_sm. ... Image File history File linksMetadata DSC_0564_sm. ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ... For other uses, see Antarctica (disambiguation). ... The Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary is a protected area of 50 million square km. ... NASA Satellite photo of the Galápagos archipelago. ...


Sea Shepherd claims to have sunk ten whaling ships since 1979, referring to these ships as "pirates".[22] The claimed attacks include: Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

  • 1979 – the whaler Sierra rammed and sunk in Portugal;
  • 1980 – the whalers Isba I and Isba II sunk in Vigo, Spain;
  • 1980 – the whalers Susan and Theresa sunk in South Africa;
  • 1981 – the whaling ships Hvalur 6 and Hvalur 7 sunk in Iceland;
  • 1992 – the whaler Nybraena sunk in Norway;
  • 1994 – the whaler Senet sunk in Norway;
  • 1998 – the whaler Morild sunk in Norway.

In 2007, two ships operated by Sea Shepherd (Farley Mowat and Robert Hunter) were struck off the shipping registers of Belize and Britain.[4] Later on that year, the ships received the flag of the Kahnawake Mohawk nation.[23] According to a November 2007 piece in The New Yorker, however, both ships now sail under the Dutch flag.[24] The Kahnawake Mohawk Territory (formerly called Caughnawaga) is an Indian reserve on the south shore of the St. ...


In December 2007, the ship Robert Hunter was renamed the Steve Irwin.[25]


Activities

2005–2006

Sea Shepherd's current priorities are a permanent naval patrol in the Galapagos Islands to protect sea turtles and other marine wildlife, and a campaign against the 2005 seal hunt in Canada, which includes a boycott of Canadian seafood products. NASA Satellite photo of the Galápagos archipelago. ... Genera Family Cheloniidae (Oppel, 1811) Caretta Chelonia Eretmochelys Lepidochelys Natator Family Dermochelyidae Dermochelys Family Protostegidae (extinct) Family Toxochelyidae (extinct) Family Thalassemyidae (extinct) Sea turtles (Superfamily Chelonioidea) are turtles found in all the worlds oceans except the Arctic Ocean . ... Various species of reef fish in the Hawaiian Islands. ... ... Look up Boycott in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Between December 2005 and January 2006 Sea Shepherd and Greenpeace vessels were in the Southern Ocean to confront Japanese whalers. Sea Shepherd declared that they would do whatever they considered necessary to prevent the whaling, even if it meant losing their ship. The Farley Mowat rammed a Japanese supply ship called the Oriental Bluebird. On January 16 the organisation declared that their fuel supplies had run out and that they were heading to shore. They claimed credit for chasing the whalers from whaling grounds and hindering operations for over 15 days.[26] is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


2007

In February 2007, the Robert Hunter and Farley Mowat participated in Operation Leviathan by surrounding the Japanese whaling vessel Kaiko Maru to attempt to prevent the vessel from continuing its hunting. Sea Shepherd members threw bottles of butyric acid onto the decks of the Kaiko Maru and one whaler was injured by broken piece of glass and another received medical treatment for his eye.[27] The Robert Hunter and Farley Mowat obstructed the path of the whaling boat,[28] and the Robert Hunter and Kaiko Maru collided with each other. The Robert Hunter suffered a three-foot gash in the hull above the waterline at the stern of the ship.[29] The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ... Butyric acid, (from Greek βουτυρος = butter) IUPAC name n-Butanoic acid, or normal butyric acid, is a carboxylic acid with structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH. It is notably found in rancid butter, parmesan cheese, and vomit, and has an unpleasant odor and acrid taste, with a sweetish aftertaste (similar to ether). ...


In May 2007 Farley Mowat was claimed to be heading toward Iceland in response to the 2006 plan to hunt nine fin and sixty Minke whales out of estimated populations of 28,500 and 179,000 respectively. The ship never arrived.[30]


2008

MV Steve Irwin
MV Steve Irwin

The recent 2007–08 Antarctic campaign was named Operation Migaloo, after the only known albino humpback in the world. [31]


On January 15, 2008, after attempting to entangle the hunting boat's propeller and throwing bottles of butyric acid onto the decks[32], two Sea Shepherd members Benjamin Potts and Giles Lane from the Sea Shepherd vessel MV Steve Irwin boarded the Japanese whale-hunting ship Yushin Maru No. 2 in the High Seas[33] of the Antarctic Ocean, using a Zodiac inflatable boat[34]. The crew of the Yushin Maru No. 2 detained the two men for illegal boarding and vandalism. is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Butyric acid, (from Greek βουτυρος = butter) IUPAC name n-Butanoic acid, or normal butyric acid, is a carboxylic acid with structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH. It is notably found in rancid butter, parmesan cheese, and vomit, and has an unpleasant odor and acrid taste, with a sweetish aftertaste (similar to ether). ... The terms international waters, transboundary waters, or High Seas apply where any of the following types of bodies of water (or their drainage basins) transcend international boundaries: oceans, large marine ecosystems, enclosed or semi-enclosed regional seas and estuaries, rivers, lakes, groundwater systems (aquifers), and wetlands. ... The Southern Ocean is the body of water encircling the continent of Antarctica. ... Zodiac Group is a diversified corporation with a worldwide presence and a blue-chip stock specialising in the production of aerosafety systems, aircraft systems, airline equipment, airbags, remote transmissions, boats and swimming pools. ...


Sea Shepherd stated that the pair were attempting to deliver a letter of protest, after many hours during which the Japanese vessels refused to acknowledge any radio contact, with the news that the Japanese whale hunt in Australia's Antarctic waters and Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary had earlier in the day been ruled illegal by the Australian Federal Court. The Japanese government response was that it did not recognize the judgment, and that the boarding was illegal. The two men were released from the Japanese ship 17 January, and were handed over to the Australian customs vessel MV Oceanic Viking.[35][36] The Australian government decided to release them the same day without criminal charges because they "apparently had no intention to commit malicious crimes, such as robbery."[32] The Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary is a protected area of 50 million square km. ... In Melbourne, the Federal Court is housed with other federal courts such as the High Court and the Federal Magistrates Court in the Federal Court Building on the corner of La Trobe Street and William Street The Federal Court of Australia is the Australian court in which most civil disputes... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On April 12, 2008, the M/V Farley Mowat was raided by Canadian coast guard vessels after the ship was said to have encroached on seal hunters off the coast of Newfoundland. During the raid, the captain and first officer were arrested and are awaiting charges.[1] Newfoundland may refer to: Newfoundland and Labrador, a Canadian province (known simply as Newfoundland until 2001) Dominion of Newfoundland, an independent country (from 1907 to 1934) Colony of Newfoundland, a British colony prior to 1907 Newfoundland (island), a Canadian island that forms part of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador...


Criticism and support

Sea Shepherd has many critics including Greenpeace, the Institute for Cetacean Research (Japan), and James F. Jarboe, the Domestic Terrorism Section Chief for the FBI's Counterterrorism Division [37]. It has been criticised for dangerous protests andcutting driftnets, and accused of piracy.


Its supporters include the Dalai Lama, actors Richard Dean Anderson, Pierce Brosnan, Martin Sheen, Sean Penn, William Shatner and Rutger Hauer, environmental activists Dave Foreman and Farley Mowat, and the late writer Edward Abbey. Corporate sponsors include John Paul Mitchell Systems. [38] This article is about the Dalai Lama lineage. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... Richard Dean Anderson (born January 23, 1950 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) is an American television actor. ... Pierce Brendan Brosnan,The most gorgeous man on the planet OBE[1] (born May 16, 1953) is an Irish actor and producer best known for portraying James Bond in four films from 1995 to 2002: GoldenEye, Tomorrow Never Dies, The World Is Not Enough and Die Another Day. ... Martin Sheen (born August 3, 1940) is an Emmy- and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor. ... Sean Justin Penn (born August 17, 1960) // Penn was born in Santa Monica, California, the son of Leo Penn, an actor and director, and Eileen Ryan (née Annucci), an actress. ... William Alan Shatner (born on March 22, 1931) is a Canadian actor who gained fame for playing James Tiberius Kirk of the USS Enterprise in the television show Star Trek from 1966 to 1969 and in seven of the subsequent movies. ... Rutger Oelsen Hauer (IPA: [rʏtxɛr ulsɛn hʌuɛr]) (born in Breukelen, January 23, 1944) is a Dutch film actor. ... Dave Foreman (born 1947) is a US environmentalist and co-founder of the radical environmental movement Earth First! The son of a US Air Force career officer, as a young man Foreman was influenced by the writings of Ayn Rand and supported the Vietnam War. ... For the Sea Shepherd ship, see RV Farley Mowat. ... Edward Paul Abbey (January 29, 1927 - March 14, 1989) was an American author and essayist noted for his advocacy of environmental issues and criticism of public land policies. ... John Paul Mitchell Systems makes Paul Mitchell hair products. ...


FBI made congressional testimony in February 12, 2002 and named Sea Shepherd as a terrorist organization of criminal nature.[37]


Bibliography

  • Paul Watson, Earthforce! An Earth Warrior's Guide to Strategy (Los Angeles: Chaco Press, 1993). ISBN 0-9616019-5-7
  • Paul Watson, Ocean Warrior: My Battle to End the Illegal Slaughter on the High Seas (1994; Key Porter Books, 1996). ISBN 978-1550135992
  • Paul Watson, Seal Wars: Twenty-five Years in the Front Lines with the Harp Seals (2002; Firefly Books, 2003). ISBN 978-1552977514
  • David B. Morris, Earth Warrior: Overboard with Paul Watson and the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society (Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing, 1995). ISBN 1-55591-203-6
  • Neptune's Manifesto: How a few good pirates can save the oceans. Whole Earth Review, Fall 1998.
  • Rik Scarce, Eco-Warriors: Understanding the Radical Environmental Movement, second revised ed. (1990; Left Coast Press, 2005), Ch. 6. ISBN 978-1598740288

Whole Earth Review is the former name of a magazine once known as CoEvolution Quarterly and now known as Whole Earth. ...

See also

Rod Coronado Rodney Adam Coronado is an American eco-anarchist and animal rights activist who has been convicted of arson, conspiracy and other crimes in connection with his activism but now advocates non-violent action. ... Animal liberation redirects here. ... Environmental terrorism is the unlawful destruction of resources in order to deprive others of its use. ... Eco-terrorism or ecoterrorism is the concept of terrorism conducted for the sake of ecological or environmental causes. ... Admiralty law (usually referred to as simply admiralty and also referred to as maritime law) is a distinct body of law which governs maritime questions and offenses. ...

References

  1. ^ Sea Shepherd mission statement. Sea Shepherd Conservation Society.
  2. ^ The UN World Charter for Nature (UN General Assembly Resolution 37/7) directs in section 21, subsections (c), (d) and (e):
    1. States and, to the extent that they are able, other public authorities, international organizations, individuals, groups and corporations shall:
      1. Implement the applicable international legal provisions for the conservation of nature and the protection of the environment;
      2. Ensure that activities within their jurisdictions or control do not cause damage to the natural systems located within other States or in the areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction;
      3. Safeguard and conserve nature in areas beyond national jurisdiction.
    United Nations General Assembly Resolution 7 session 37 page 2 on 28 October 1982 (retrieved 2007-10-23)
  3. ^ a b Heller, Peter. The Whale Warriors: Whaling in the Antarctic Seas (HTML). National Geographic. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  4. ^ a b c Parry, Richard Lloyd. "Whalers aid in Antarctic rescue of environmentalists" (HTML), Times Online, 2007-02-09. policy.. Retrieved on 2007-02-11. 
  5. ^ McKie, Robin. "Green ships in deadly duel with whalers" (HTML), The Guardian, 2008-01-13. Retrieved on 2008-01-18. 
  6. ^ Sea Shepherd fleet. Sea Shepherd Conservation Society.
  7. ^ History of Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and Whaling
  8. ^ a b "Whaling acid attack terrorist act: Japan" (HTML), Reuters via The Sydney Morning Herald, 2007-02-09. Retrieved on 2007-02-11. 
  9. ^ Japanese Claims of Injuries are Bogus (HTML). Sea Shepherds (2007-02-09). Retrieved on 2007-02-12.
  10. ^ Safety (MSDS) data for butyric acid (HTML). Safety Officer in Physical Chemistry at Oxford University (2005-03-03). Retrieved on 2007-09-25.
  11. ^ Butyric Acid data sheet. International Labour Organization. Retrieved on 2007-12-19.
  12. ^ Bousquet, Earl (2001-07-23). Ocean Warriors Confront Lucian Fishermen (HTML). Government of Saint Lucia web site. Retrieved on 2007-02-11.
  13. ^ Extract from the Central Register of Charities maintained by the Charity Commission for England and Wales
  14. ^ Biggs, Stuart; Heath, Michael. "Australia to Monitor Japanese Whalers in Antarctica (Update 1)", Bloomberg, 2007-12-19. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. 
  15. ^ Aid rising sharply, according to latest OECD figures (PDF). Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2005). Retrieved on 2007-02-11.
  16. ^ Parry, Richard Lloyd. "Whaliers aid in Antarctic rescue of environmentalists", Times Online, 2007-02-09. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. 
  17. ^ Black, Richard. "UK issues anti-whaling brochure", BBC News, 2007-01-26. Retrieved on 2007-02-11. 
  18. ^ Sharkwater synopsis and movie info. Sharkwater documentary website. Retrieved on 2007-03-24.
  19. ^ http://www.seashepherd.org/galapagos/ Sea Shepherd page describing their Galapagos mission.
  20. ^ http://www.seashepherd.org/seals/ Sea Shepherd page describing their seal mission.
  21. ^ CUSP endorsers list
  22. ^ Victory for the Whales in Berlin. News Release. Sea Shepherd Conservation Society (2003-16-16).
  23. ^ Sea Shepherd Receives the Flag of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy. Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. Retrieved on 2007-11-21.
  24. ^ Neptune's Navy. The New Yorker. Retrieved on 2008-1-18.
  25. ^ Sea Shepherd Renames Its Whale Defending Ship the Steve Irwin. Sea Shepherd Conservation Society.
  26. ^ "Whaling protest boat out of fuel", The New Zealand Herald, 2006-01-17. Retrieved on 2007-02-11. 
  27. ^ Update on Sea Shepherd Pursuit of Japanese Whaling Ship, Mother Jones , February 09, 2007
  28. ^ 2007.2.12 Sea Shepherd rammed The Kaiko Maru, Institute of Cetacean Research
  29. ^ Japanese whaler, anti-whaling ship collide, China Economic Net, February 15, 2007
  30. ^ Iceland whaling protest halted : Marine and Ocean Conservation News from Earthdive
  31. ^ Sea Shepherd - Operation Migaloo home
  32. ^ a b Japan to release whaling activists, IHT/Asahi, January 17, 2008
  33. ^ Sea Shepherd is Engaging the Japanese Fleet. Sea Shepherd. Retrieved on 2008-01-19.
  34. ^ 2008.1.15 SS vessel "Steve Irwin" terrorists attacking Yushin Maru No.2, Institute of Cetacean Research
  35. ^ Anti-whaling activists handed over to Australian vessel. Japan News Review. Retrieved on 2008-01-17.
  36. ^ Japan to release anti-whaling activists. AP. Retrieved on 2008-01-16.
  37. ^ a b Federal Bureau of Investigation - Congressional Testimony
  38. ^ Seal Campaign History Timeline.qxd

United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. ... The United Nations General Assembly (GA, UNGA) is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The National Geographic Society was founded in the USA on January 27, 1888, by 33 men interested in organizing a society for the increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that deals with labour issues. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Bloomberg L.P. is the largest financial news and data company in the world, controlling 33% of market share. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), (in French: Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques; OCDE) is an international organisation of thirty countries that accept the principles of representative democracy and a free market economy. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the officer of arms, see New Zealand Herald Extraordinary. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The International Herald Tribune (or IHT) is fully owned by the New York Times, which along with its own staff journalists and news agencies supplies it with newsn and features. ... Asahi (朝日 or æ—­) means morning sun in Japanese. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Japan News Review is an English-language online news site that collects news pieces related to Japan. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

Wikinews has related news:
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Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... National Geographic Adventure is a magazine published by the National Geographic Society in the United States. ... The High North Alliance is an umbrella organisation of several fishing, whaling and Nordic municipal councils. ... Institute of Cetacean Research (ICR) is a Japanese non-profit organisation that carries out the scientific research into cetaceans. ... Animal liberation redirects here. ... Nicolas Atwood is an American animal rights activist based in West Palm Beach, Florida. ... Greg Avery (born 1963), also known as Greg Jennings and Greg Harrison, is a British animal rights activist and co-founder of Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC), an international campaign to force the closure of Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS), a controversial animal-testing company with bases in Huntingdon, England, and... David Barbarash was the North American press officer for the Animal Liberation Front between 2000 and 2003. ... Rod Coronado Rodney Adam Coronado is an American eco-anarchist and animal rights activist who has been convicted of arson, conspiracy and other crimes in connection with his activism but now advocates non-violent action. ... Barry Horne Barry Horne was a British animal rights activist who died of kidney failure in Ronkswood Hospital, Worcester on November 5, 2001, following a series of four hunger strikes while serving an 18-year sentence for planting incendiary devices. ... Ronnie Lee is a British animal rights activist, and founder of the Animal Liberation Front. ... Keith Mann is a British animal-rights campaigner, believed to be a senior Animal Liberation Front activist. ... PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... Alex Pacheco is an animal rights activist and co-founder (and former chairman) of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). ... Jill Phipps Jill Phipps (January 15, 1964 – February 1, 1995) was a British animal rights activist. ... Henry Spira (June 19, 1927 – September 12, 1998) was a prominent animal rights activist, and architect of the movement in the United States to stop the use of animals in experiments. ... Andrew Tyler is the director of Animal Aid, the UKs second largest animal rights organization (after peta). ... Jerry Vlasak is a U.S. physician and prominent member of several controversial nonprofit organizations, including Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine and the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. ... Paul Watson (born December 2, 1950) is the founder of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and is a significant, albeit controversial, figure in the environmental movement and the movement for animal rights. ... Robin Webb runs the Animal Liberation Press Office in the UK, which releases material to the media on behalf of animal rights activists operating as the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), the Animal Rights Militia (ARM), and the Justice Department. ... Image File history File links Olive_baboon1. ... Animal Aid logo Animal Aid is the United Kingdoms largest animal rights group and one of the longest established in the world, having been founded in 1977. ... The Animal Legal Defense Fund (ALDF) is an American non-profit animal rights law organization focused on protecting and advancing the interests of animals through the legal system. ... Beagles stolen by British ALF activists from a testing laboratory owned by the Boots Group. ... The Animal Liberation Front Supporters Group (ALFSG) is an organization that provides moral and financial support to people imprisoned for breaking the law in the name of animal rights, in particular Animal Liberation Front activists. ... The Animal Liberation Press Office was set up in October 1991 to relay information to the media about direct action undertaken by the Animal Liberation Front, the Animal Rights Militia, the Justice Department, and other radical animal-rights groups. ... The Animal Rights Militia (ARM) is a name used by animal-rights activists who are prepared to carry out acts of violence against human beings. ... The British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection is a pressure group based near Highbury Corner in North London, United Kingdom that campaigns peacefully against vivisection. ... The logo of The Great Ape Project, which aims to expand moral equality to great apes, and to foster greater understanding of them by humans. ... The Justice Department is a militant animal-rights organization, set up in Britain in 1993, and active there and in the United States. ... People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals logo People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is an animal rights organization based in the United States. ... The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) is a non-profit organization based in Washington, D.C., that promotes preventive medicine, conducts clinical research, and encourages higher standards for ethics and effectiveness in research. ... The Primate Freedom Project is a 501(c)3 not for profit grassroots abolitionist animal rights organization based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... The Southern Animal Rights Coalition (SARC) is an umbrella organisation for groups campaigning against animal abuse in southern England. ... SPEAK, the Voice for the Animals is a British animal rights campaign that aims to end animal experimentation and vivisection in the UK. Its current focus is opposition to a new animal testing center being built by Oxford University. ... A monkey inside Huntingdon Life Sciences in the United States. ... // Action for Animals [http://www. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Animal liberation redirects here. ... The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act (ASPA) is a law passed by the U.K. parliament in 1986, which regulates the use of laboratory animals in the U.K. Fundamentally, actions that have the potential of causing pain, distress or lasting harm to animals are illegal in the U.K. under... For other uses, see Animal testing (disambiguation). ... A bile bear in Huizhou Farm, Vietnam. ... Bull attacking a matador Bullfighting or tauromachy (Spanish toreo, corrida de toros or tauromaquia; Portuguese corrida de touros or tauromaquia) is a blood sport that involves, most of the times, professional performers (matadores) who execute various formal moves with the goal of appearing graceful and confident, while masterful over the... Covance (NYSE: CVD), formerly Hazleton Laboratories, with headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey, is one of the worlds largest and most comprehensive drug development services companies, according to its own website, with annual revenues over $1 billion, global operations in 17 countries, and approximately 6,700 employees worldwide. ... The factual accuracy of part of this article is disputed. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A Great Ape research ban, or severe restrictions on the use of non-human great apes in research, is currently in place in the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Germany and Japan, and has been proposed in Austria. ... Several greyhounds before a race. ... The term Green Scare, alluding to the Red Scares, periods of fear over communist infiltration of U.S. society, is a term popularized by environmental activists to refer to legal action by the U.S. government against the radical environmentalist movement. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... Horse slaughter is the practice of slaughtering horses for meat (to be consumed by humans). ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS) is a contract animal-testing company founded in 1952 in England, now with facilities in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire and Eye, Suffolk in the UK; New Jersey in the U.S.; and in Japan. ... The international trade in primates sees 32,000 wild-caught primates sold on the international market every year. ... The meat industry is the industrial aspect of agriculture. ... Nafovannys maternity clinic. ... Filmed by PETA, Covance primate-testing lab, Vienna, Virginia, 2004-5. ... Open rescue is a term for a form of direct action practiced by certain animal rights and animal welfare activists. ... Operation Backfire is an ongoing multi-agency criminal investigation, led by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), into destructive acts in the name of animal rights and environmental causes in the United States. ... A pet store or pet shop is a store at which one can purchase supplies for pets and, often, the pets themselves. ... Puppy mill — puppy farming in the United Kingdom and Australia—is a disparaging term for the practices of some dog breeders. ... Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk. ... The relevance of particular information in (or previously in) this article or section is disputed. ... Veal is the meat of young calves (usually male) appreciated for its delicate taste and tender texture. ... Vegan redirects here. ... A variety of vegetarian food ingredients Vegetarianism is the practice of a diet that excludes all animal flesh, including poultry, game, fish, shellfish or crustacea, and slaughter by-products. ... The Brown Dog affair was a controversy and cause célèbre for a brief period in Edwardian England, from 1903 to 1910, and revolving around vivisection and a statue erected in memory of a dog killed in the cause of medical research. ... Britches after being removed from the laboratory by the Animal Liberation Front Britches was the name given by researchers to a stumptail macaque monkey who was born into a breeding colony at the University of California, Riverside in March 1985. ... A marmoset inside Cambridge University, filmed by BUAV The use of primates in experiments at Cambridge University is controversial, first coming to widespread public attention in the UK following undercover investigations lasting ten months in 1998 by the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUAV), the results of which... Harry Harlows pit of despair The pit of despair, or vertical chamber, was a device used in experiments conducted on rhesus macaque monkeys during the 1970s by American comparative psychologist Harry Harlow and his students at the University of Wisconsin. ... The Silver Spring monkeys were 17 monkeys kept in small wire cages inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, by Dr. Edward Taub, who was researching regeneration of severed nerves with a grant from the National Institute of Health (NIH). ... Unnecessary Fuss is the name of a film produced by Ingrid Newkirk and Alex Pacheco of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), showing footage shot inside the University of Pennsylvanias Head Injury Clinic in Philadelphia, described by the university as the longest standing and most respected center... Image:Steven best. ... Dr. Stephen Clark Stephen Richard Lyster Clark (born October 30, 1945) is a British philosopher and international authority on animal rights, currently professor of philosophy and Leverhulme Research Fellow at the University of Liverpool. ... Gary Lawrence Francione (1954) is an American law professor at Rutgers University. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Tom Regan (born November 28, 1938 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American philosopher and animal-rights activist. ... Richard D. Ryder (born 1940) is a British psychologist who, after performing psychology experiments on animals, began to speak out against the practice, and became one of the pioneers of the modern animal liberation and animal rights movements. ... For other persons named Peter Singer, see Peter Singer (disambiguation). ... Steven M. Wise is the author of Though the Heavens May Fall, a book concerning the 18th century trial in England which led to the abolition of slavery. ... Animal Liberation: A New Ethics for Our Treatment of Animals is a book by Australian philosopher Peter Singer. ... Behind the Mask: The Story Of The People Who Risk Everything To Save Animals is a 2006 documentary film about the Animal Liberation Front. ... Earthlings is a 2005 multi-award winning documentary written, produced and directed by Shaun Monson and co-produced by Persia White. ... Arkangel is a British-based bi-annual animal liberation magazine, first published in the winter of 1989. ... Bite Back is a website that promotes the cause of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF). ... No Compromise is a San Francisco-based bi-annual animal liberation magazine, first published in the winter of 1989. ...

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