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Encyclopedia > Seán MacBride

Seán MacBride (26 January 190415 January 1988) was a senior Irish politician, barrister, revolutionary & statesman. During the 1930s he served as Chief-of-Staff of the IRA but left in 1939 to follow a constitutional path. He founded a small Irish republican socialist party called Clann na Poblachta in 1946 and served as Minister for External Affairs from 1948 until 1951. MacBride was awarded both the Nobel Peace Prize (1974) and the Lenin Peace Prize (1976). January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A true colour image of Ireland, captured by a NASA satellite on January 4, 2003. ... British barristers wearing traditional dress. ... Events and trends Technology Jet engine invented Science Nuclear fission discovered by Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann Pluto, the ninth planet from the Sun, is discovered by Clyde Tombaugh British biologist Arthur Tansley coins term ecosystem War, peace and politics Socialists proclaim The death of Capitalism Rise to... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Clann na Poblachta was an Irish republican political party founded by former IRA Chief of Staff Sean MacBride in (1946). ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Global Metrics Human security Major Armed Conflicts: Total Deaths in Battle: 700,000 people Violent Deaths caused by Government (Other than War): Violent Deaths caused by other humans: Juvenile Violent Crime: Political security Nations Holding Multi-party Elections: Percentage Living under a Fully Democratic System of Governance: Free Countries: Percentage... The Nobel Peace Prize (where Nobel is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable) is one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... The International Stalin Peace Prize (renamed Международная Ленинская премия «За укрепление мира между народами», the International Lenin Peace Prize as a result of destalinization) was the Soviet Unions answer to the Nobel Peace Prize. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


MacBride was born in Paris in 1904, the son of Major John MacBride and Maud Gonne. His first language was French but he was sent to school in County Wexford in Ireland. He joined the Irish Volunteers and was an active member of the War of Independence and supported the Republican side after the Treaty. MacBride was imprisoned several times and went on the run to London and Paris. He returned to Ireland in 1936 and became Chief of Staff of the IRA. 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Major John MacBride (7 May 1865–5 May 1916) was an Irish republican who was executed for his leading role in the Easter Rising of 1916. ... Maud Gonne MacBride (1865 - April 27, 1953) was an Irish revolutionary, feminist and actress, best remembered for her turbulent relationship with William Butler Yeats. ... Wexford (Irish: Loch Garman) is the county town of County Wexford in the Republic of Ireland. ... A true colour image of Ireland, captured by a NASA satellite on January 4, 2003. ... The Irish Volunteers (Óglaigh na hÉireann) were a paramilitary organization established by Irish Nationalists in 1913 to secure and maintain the rights and liberties common to the whole people of Ireland, and to enforce the imminent Home Rule Act. ... An Irish War of Independence memorial in Dublin The Anglo-Irish War (also known as the Irish War of Independence) was a Ireland by the Irish Republican Army. ... London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. ... A true colour image of Ireland, captured by a NASA satellite on January 4, 2003. ... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ...


MacBride was called to the bar in 1937. He resigned from the IRA when Bunreacht na hÉireann (the Constitution of Ireland) was enacted later that year. As a barrister MacBride defended many IRA prisoners. In 1946 MacBride founded Clann na Poblachta which he hoped would replace Fianna Fáil as Éire's major political party. However in the 1948 general election the party failed to make the hoped for breakthrough. However the party joined with Fine Gael, Labour, National Labour, Clann na Poblachta and other parties and independents to form the First Inter-Party Government under Fine Gael TD John A. Costello. Two Clann na Poblachta TDs joined the cabinet; McBride became Minister for External Affairs while Noel Browne became Minister for Health. During his period in the government Ireland refused joining NATO but became a member of the Council of Europe. On Easter Monday, 18 April 1949, the Éire left the Commonwealth and became the Republic of Ireland. MacBride controversially ordered Browne to resign as a minister over the controversial Mother and Child Scheme. 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... The Constitution of Ireland is the founding legal document of the state known today as the Republic of Ireland. ... British barristers wearing traditional dress. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Clann na Poblachta was an Irish republican political party founded by former IRA Chief of Staff Sean MacBride in (1946). ... Fianna Fáil - The Republican Party ( IPA in English and in Irish; English translation: Soldiers of Destiny) is the largest political party in Ireland. ... Map of Éire Éire (pronounced AIR uh, in the Irish language, translated as Ireland) is the name given in Article 4 of the 1937 Irish constitution to the 26-county Irish state, created under the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty, which was known between 1922 and 1937 as the Irish Free... The 1948 Irish General Election led to the following results: Firtst time TDs Neil Blaney Jack Lynch See also Government of the 13th Dáil Categories: Elections in Ireland | 1948 ... Current Fine Gael logo Fine Gael (United Ireland) (pronounced fi-na gale) is the second largest political party in the Republic of Ireland. ... The Irish Labour Party is the third largest political party in the Republic of Ireland. ... The 13th Dáil was elected on February 4, 1957 and first met on February 18 when the 5th Government of Ireland was appointed. ... Current Fine Gael logo Fine Gael (United Ireland) (pronounced fi-na gale) is the second largest political party in the Republic of Ireland. ... A TD or Teachta Dála (Irish for Dáil Deputy, pronounced chock-ta dawla) is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower chamber of the Irish Oireachtas (pronounced orr-och-tas) or National Parliament. ... John Aloysius Costello (20 June 1891 - 5 January 1976), a successful barrister, was one of the main legal advisors to the government of the Irish Free State after independence, Attorney-General of Ireland from 1926-1932 and Taoiseach from 1948-1951 and 1954-1957. ... The Minister for Foreign Affairs is one of the most important ministerial positions in the Irish cabinet, with responsibility for the relations between the Republic of Ireland and foreign states. ... Noel Browne (20 December 1915-21 May 1997) was an Irish politician and doctor. ... For the National Association of Theatre Owners, please see National Association of Theatre Owners. ... The Palace of Europe in Strasbourg The Council of Europe is an international organisation of 46 member states in the European region. ... Easter (also called Pascha) is generally accounted the most important holiday of the Christian year, observed March or April each year to celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus from the dead (after his death by crucifixion; see Good Friday), which Christians believe happened at about this time of year, almost two... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Map of Éire Éire (pronounced AIR uh, in the Irish language, translated as Ireland) is the name given in Article 4 of the 1937 Irish constitution to the 26-county Irish state, created under the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty, which was known between 1922 and 1937 as the Irish Free... Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations is a voluntary association of independent sovereign states, most of which were once governed by the United Kingdom and are its former colonies. ... The Republic of Ireland (Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann) is the official description of an independent state which covers approximately five-sixths of the island of Ireland, off the coast of north-west Europe. ...


In 1951 Clann na Poblachta was reduced to two seats after the general election. MacBride kept his seat and was re-elected again in 1954. He contested both elections in 1957 and 1961 but failed to be elected both times. He then retired from politics and continued practising as a barrister. MacBride became increasingly concerned with human rights issues and the promotion of peace. He became a founder-member of Amnesty International and was international chairman from 19611974. That year he became president of the International Peace Bureau in Geneva. Global Metrics Human security Major Armed Conflicts: Total Deaths in Battle: 700,000 people Violent Deaths caused by Government (Other than War): Violent Deaths caused by other humans: Juvenile Violent Crime: Political security Nations Holding Multi-party Elections: Percentage Living under a Fully Democratic System of Governance: Free Countries: Percentage... Clann na Poblachta was an Irish republican political party founded by former IRA Chief of Staff Sean MacBride in (1946). ... 1954 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year - i. ... Amnesty International (or AI) is an international non-governmental organization whose stated purpose is to promote all the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international standards. ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year - i. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... Coat of arms of the Canton of Geneva Coat of arms of the City of Geneva Geneva (French: Genève, German: Genf, Italian: Ginevra, Romansh Genevra, Spanish: Ginebra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zurich), located where Lake Geneva (French: Lac de Genève or Lac L...


In 1974 MacBride's work was recognised when he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. He later received the Lenin Peace Prize and the American Medal for Justice. He proposed a plan, known as the MacBride Principles, which he argued would eliminate discrimination against Catholics by employers in Northern Ireland and received widespread support for it in the United States and from Sinn Féin. However the MacBride Principles were criticised by the Irish and British Governments and most Northern Ireland parties, including the nationalist Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), as unworkable and counterproductive. 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... The Nobel Peace Prize (where Nobel is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable) is one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Northern Ireland is an administrative region and one of four parts of the United Kingdom. ... -1... Northern Ireland is an administrative region and one of four parts of the United Kingdom. ... The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP — Irish: Páirtí Sóisialta Daonlathach an Lucht Oibre) is the smaller of the two major nationalist parties in Northern Ireland. ...


Seán MacBride died in Dublin on 15 January 1988. Dublins Hapenny Bridge. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ministerial Career

Preceded by:
Eamon de Valera
Minister for External Affairs
1948-1951
Succeeded by:
Frank Aiken

 
 

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