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Encyclopedia > Sculptures
Sculptor redirects here. You may also be looking for Sculptor (constellation).
Western sculpture was first perfected in Greece

Sculpture is any three-dimensional form created as an artistic expression.

Sculpting is the art of assembling or shaping an object. It may be of any size and of any suitable material. The artist who does this is called a sculptor.


Traditional materials

A sculpture: "Mother with child"

Contemporary materials

In his late writings, Joan Mirů even proposed that some day sculptures might be made of gases; see gas sculpture.

Other materials used in modern and contemporary sculpture include:

A tree sculpture at Bristol Zoo, Bristol, England. This was sculpted with a chain saw from a standing tree, which was diseased and due to be felled

Perhaps the least elitist of these media is sand, as it is used by young and old to create sand castles.


Some of the forms of sculpture are:

  • Relief - sculpture still attached to a background, standing out from that ground in "High Relief" or "Low Relief" (bas relief)
  • Sculpture "in the round," that is, designed by the sculptor to be viewed from any angle.
  • Free-standing sculpture
  • Mobile (See also Calder's Stabiles.)
  • Statue
  • Bust (sculpture)
  • Site-Specific
  • Equestrian
  • Jewellery

Perhaps the majority of public art is sculpture. See also sculpture garden.


Sculptors include the Classical Greek masters, through Michelangelo Buonarroti, Leonardo da Vinci and the Renaissance masters, to modern sculptors such as Henry Moore, Felix de Weldon and Alexander Ney.

See also: List of sculptors

Greenfield Products Pty Ltd v. Rover-Scott Bonnar Ltd

The Australian copyright case of Greenfield Products Pty Ltd v. Rover-Scott Bonnar Ltd (1990) 17 IPR 417 is authority for the proposition that a thing not intended to be a sculpture is not a sculpture. This seems contrary to some famous examples of sculpture, including Marcel Duchamp's 1917 sculpture consisting of a porcelain urinal lying on its back, entitled "Fountain", and Carl Andre's sculpture "Equivalent III" exhibited in the Tate Gallery in 1978, consisting of bricks stacked in a rectangle.


Traditional sculpting materials are:

Nude sculptures are more common and accepted than public nudity of real people.

Mexico City statue commemorating the foundation of TenochtitlŠn

Related topics

External links

  • artka.com - sculpture on wood, sculpture on stone (http://artka.com)
  • www.sculptor.org
  • www.sculpture.org
  • Traces international stone sculpture journal (http://www.traces.ws/sculpture)
  • Unique medium: Sand (http://www.teamsandtastic.com)
  • Sand Sculptor (http://www.sculpturesinsand.com)
  • The online museum of environmental art (http://www.greenmuseum.org)
  • SculpturesEnLigne.com

  Results from FactBites:
ArtLex on Sculpture (262 words)
"After painting comes Sculpture, a very noble art, but one that does not in the execution require the same supreme ingenuity as the art of painting, since in two most important and difficult particulars, in foreshortening and in light and shade, for which the painter has to invent a process, sculpture is helped by nature.
Baroque goldsmith and sculptor, in a letter to Benedotto Varchi, January 28, 1547.
"Sculptures are drawings you fall over in the dark." Al Hirschfeld (1904-2003), American caricaturist.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Sculpture (6648 words)
sculpture, especially in stone, was predominantly subordinated to architecture and served almost exclusively for ecclesiastical purposes.
Sculpture in the United States is a development of the last three quarters of the nineteenth century.
sculpture was ushered in by the Centennial Exposition at
  More results at FactBites »



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