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Encyclopedia > Scrubland

Scrubland is plant community characterized by scrub vegetation. "Scrub" consists of low shrubs, mixed with grasses, herbs, and geophytes. Scrublands are sometimes known as heathlands. Scrublands may be either naturally occurring or the result of human activity. They may the mature vegetation type in a particular region and remain stable over time, or a transitional community that occurs temporarily as the result of a disturbance, such as a major fire. Many people do not live in scrubland because of the fires that can easily occur. Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. ... hiii, This article is on plants. ... Natural vegetaton dominated by grasses Grass is a common word that generally describes a monocotyledonous green plant in the family Poaceae. ... dvdsvdxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Herbs: basil Herbs (IPA: hə()b, or əb; see pronunciation differences) are plants grown for any purpose other than food, wood or beauty. ... A storage organ is a part of a plant specifically modified for storage of energy (generally in the form of starch) or water. ... Heaths are anthropogenic habitats found primarily in northern and western Europe, where they have been created by thousands of years of human clearance of natural forest vegetation by grazing and burning on mainly infertile acidic soils. ...


Xeric scrublands, or desert scrublands, occur in the world's Deserts and xeric shrublands ecoregions, or in areas of fast-draining sandy soils in more humid regions. These scrublands are characterized by plants with adaptations to the dry climate, which include small leaves to limit water loss, thorns to protect them from grazing animals, succulent leaves or stems, storage organs to store water, and long taproots to reach groundwater. In isolation, Hawaiis Silverswords have adapted to xeric microclimates within volcanic craters, trapping and channeling dew and protecting leaves with reflective hairs. ... A storage organ is a part of a plant specifically modified for storage of energy (generally in the form of starch) or water. ...


Mediterranean scrublands occur naturally in the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub biomes, located in the five Mediterranean climate regions of the world. Scrublands are most common near the seacoast, and have often adapted to the wind and salt air of the ocean. Low, soft-leaved scrublands around the Mediterranean Basin are known as garrigue in France, phrygana in Greece, tomillares in Spain, and batha in Israel. Northern coastal scrub and coastal sage scrub occur along the California coast, strandveld in the Western Cape of South Africa, coastal matorral in the central Chile, and sand-heath and kwongan in Southwest Australia. Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub is a temperate biome, characterized by hot, dry == Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub eco-regions occur in the worlds five mediterranean climate zones, on the west coast of continents in the mid-latitudes: the Mediterranean Basin, California, Central Chile, Southwest Australia, the Cape Province... In ecology, a biome is a major regional group of distinctive plant and animal communities best adapted to the regions physical natural environment, latitude, elevation, and terrain. ... A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Mediterranean Basin refers to the lands around and surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. ... Garrigue is a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland found around the Mediterranean Basin, generally near the seacoast. ... Northern coastal scrub is a scrubland plant community of California and Oregon. ... Coastal sage scrub is a low scrubland plant community found in the California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion of California and northern Baja California. ... Official language(s) English Capital  Sacramento Largest city  Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Capital Cape Town Largest city Cape Town Premier Ebrahim Rasool Area - Total Ranked 4th 129,370 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 5th 4,524,335 35/km² Elevation Highest point: Seweweekspoort Peak at 2325 meters (7628 feet) Lowest point: sea level Languages Afrikaans (55. ... The Chilean Matorral is a terrestrial ecoregion of central Chile, located on the west coast of South America. ... Southwest Australia is a biodiversity hotspot that includes the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub ecoregions of Western Australia. ...


Interior scrublands occur naturally where the soils are poor, such as on the matos of Portugal which are underlain by Cambrian and Silurian schists. Matorral is a Spanish word for shrubland. ... The Cambrian is a major division of the geologic timescale that begins about 542 ± 1. ... The Silurian is a major division of the geologic timescale that extends from the end of the Ordovician period, about 443. ... Categories: Mineral stubs | Metamorphic rocks ...


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Nature (1142 words)
The scrubland is more known because, except the fact that it covers more important territories, she(it) represents the essence of this country with her(its) nice-smelling spaces where from gets free a multitude of subtle flavors scattered by the wind.
The scrubland and the undergrowth are vegetable formings(trainings) which result both of the degradation of the Mediterranean forest, mostly by fire or surp√Ęturage.
The scrubland is a more or less opened vegetable forming(training), consisted largely of shrubs, shrubs and sub-shrubs, resulting from the regression of the Mediterranean forest, mostly by fire or surp√Ęturage, on generally not acid ground.
Scrubland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (285 words)
These scrublands are characterized by plants with adaptations to the dry climate, which include small leaves to limit water loss, thorns to protect them from grazing animals, succulent leaves or stems, storage organs to store water, and long taproots to reach groundwater.
Scrublands are most common near the seacoast, and have often adapted to the wind and salt air of the ocean.
Northern coastal scrub and coastal sage scrub occur along the California coast, strandveld in the Western Cape of South Africa, coastal matorral in the central Chile, and sand-heath and kwongan in Southwest Australia.
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