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Encyclopedia > Scottsdale, Arizona
City of Scottsdale, Arizona

Seal
Nickname: "City of Fashion" "The West's Most Western Town"
Location in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA
Coordinates: 33°29′35″N 111°55′34″W / 33.49306, -111.92611
Country United States
State Arizona
Counties Maricopa
Government
 - Mayor Mary Manross (D)
Area
 - City  184.2 sq mi (477.7 km²)
 - Land  184.0 sq mi (477.1 km²)
 - Water  0.2 sq mi (0.6 km²)
Elevation 1,247 ft (380 m)
Population (2007)[1]
 - City 240,410
Time zone MST (no daylight saving time) (UTC-7)
Area code(s) 480
Website:http://www.scottsdaleaz.gov/

Scottsdale (O'odham Vaṣai S-vaṣonĭ) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, adjacent to Phoenix. Scottsdale has become internationally recognized as a premier and posh tourist destination, while maintaining its own identity and culture as "The West's Most Western Town." However, despite this motto, in the 1970s, most construction of new horse corrals was prohibited. What had, in the twentieth century been vacant desert, was converted to urban or suburban environment. As of the 2000 census, the city is the 83rd largest city in the United States, with a population of 202,705. According to 2007 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 240,410, moving Scottsdale into the 77th position on the 100 largest cities list.[1] Scottsdale is the name of several places: Scottsdale, Tasmania, Australia Scottsdale, Arizona, United States of America This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or of a poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... Image File history File links Maricopa_County_Incorporated_and_Planning_areas_Scottsdale_highlighted. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states, which are... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... 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Oodham (often referred to by the names of its two nearly-identical main dialect groupings, Papago (Tohono) and Pima (Akimel)) is an Uto-Aztecan language of Southern Arizona and northern Sonora where the Tohono Oodham and Pima reside. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... For the act of abandoning or withdrawing support from an entity, see desertion. ... Crowded Shibuya, Tokyo shopping district An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...

Contents

History

Scottsdale was originally inhabited by Hohokam. From circa 300 BC to 1400 AD, these ancient civilizations farmed the area and built some of the most ingenious irrigation canals the world has ever known. The name Hohokam translates as "vanished," as the civilizations mysteriously disappeared without a trace. Hohokam is the name applied to one of the four major prehistoric archaeological traditions of the American Southwest. ...


Before European settlement, Scottsdale was a Pima village known as Vaṣai Svaṣonĭ, meaning "rotting hay." Some Pima remained in their original homes well into the 20th century. For example, until the late 1960s, there was a still-occupied traditional dwelling on the southeast corner of Indian Bend Rd. and Hayden Rd. By now, however, all Pima have either moved into modern homes within Scottsdale (mainly in South Scottsdale), to the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community, or elsewhere.


The Hohokam's truly unbelievable legacy was in their creation of more than 125 miles (200 km) of canals to provide water for their agricultural needs. The remnants of this ancient irrigation system were adapted and improved upon in 1868 by the first Anglo company to stake a claim in the Valley of the Sun, when Jack Swilling set up the Swilling Irrigation Canal Company. Categories: Water-transport stubs | Canals | Water transport ... Look up anglo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a metropolitan area that includes Phoenix, Arizona. ... John Jack Swilling (April 1, 1830 – August 12, 1878) was one of the original founders of the city of Phoenix, Arizona. ...


Twenty years later Scottsdale's future would turn sharply upwards, when a U.S. Army Chaplain, Winfield Scott, paid the paltry sum of $2.50 an acre for a 640 acre stretch of land where the city is now located. Winfield's brother, George Washington Scott, was the first resident of the town that was then known as Orangedale and later changed to Scottsdale in 1894. The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... George Washington Scott (February 22, 1829 – October 3, 1903) was a noted Florida businessman, plantation owner, and military officer in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ...


In 1937, internationally renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright set up his "winter camp" at the foot of the McDowell Mountains, creating what is now known as Taliesin West. Scottsdale, and the rest of Phoenix, have seen an everlasting influence from Frank Lloyd Wright. Many buildings throughout the region were designed by the famous architect. Today, a Frank Lloyd Wright memorial stands in North Scottsdale and a major street bears his name. Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the worlds most prominent and influential architects. ... Architect Frank Lloyd Wrights winter home in Scottsdale, Arizona from 1937 until his death in 1959. ...


During the 1950s through the 1970s, several large manufacturing companies in the Scottsdale and Tempe areas used the solvent trichloroethylene (TCE) in their manufacturing and operating processes.[2] In 1981, TCE began to show up in two Scottsdale drinking wells, and in 1983, the Indian Bend Wash superfund site was listed on the Environmental Protection Agency's National Priorities List.[2] Physical construction of cleanup systems was completed by 2006, with soil cleanup expected to be completed in five years and groundwater cleanup completed in 30 years.[2] Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... A solvent is a liquid that dissolves a solid, liquid, or gaseous solute, resulting in a solution. ... The chemical compound trichloroethylene is a chlorinated hydrocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent. ... North Indian Bend Wash The Indian Bend Wash area is a Superfund cleanup site in Scottsdale and Tempe, Arizona. ... EPA redirects here. ... Loess field in Germany Surface-water-gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland Technically, soil forms the pedosphere: the interface between the lithosphere (rocky part of the planet) and the biosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of lithologic formations. ...


Real estate development had begun in what is now the Old Town area, and moved south. With Phoenix bordering the west and an Indian reservation bordering the east, the town (which is now the long, narrow, extreme southern portion of Scottsdale) developed its narrow shape, stopped by Tempe in the south, and an enormous privately owned ranch, McCormick Ranch to the north. Indian Bend Wash, a rarely flowing river (completely dry otherwise), bisected the city lengthwise, and the normally dry riverbed carried a significant river of water during what were supposed to be rare periods of heavy rains, so called "99 year floods", flowing into the long dammed up Salt River. As the city was home to mostly lower middle class suburbanites, there was no money for bridges over such a rarely running, normally dry river, so even major roads that crossed it simply ran right down into the river bed and out the other side. When the wash flowed, it flowed for days, and there were no crossings: one had to drive to Tempe and over the Salt River to get around it. Schools had to be closed because the teachers couldn't get through. It flowed several times in the 60s during a succession of floods that were only supposed to occur every 99 years, and became the bane of city residents. How the city dealt with it, and what happened to McCormick Ranch shortly thereafter cemented Scottsdale's status among the cities of Tempe, Mesa and Phoenix.


As Indian Bend Wash flowed more and more frequently in the late 1960s, federal tax dollars were allocated to allow the Army Corps of Engineers to cement Indian Bend Wash as a large canal, and build bridges over it, similar to the storm drains of Los Angeles, but using wider canals. Doing so would allow the condemnation and purchase of the houses that had been built in the wash, that the Federal government was required, under the Federal flood insurance laws at the time, to rebuild each time the wash flowed. However, it was believed that grass would channel the water as effectively as a cement canal, and a vote was held to determine whether the city should use the federal money allocated for the cement canal to build a system of parks and golf courses in the bottom of Indian Bend Wash instead of a cement canal. Because it would bisect the long narrow city, this system of parks and golf courses would be within biking range of nearly every child in the city and very near houses and condos in which retirees might want to live.


However, the Army Corps favored the canal as a tried and true approach, the idea of grass to channel flood water in a wash was untried, the grass would have to be watered, and the mud from the now more frequently flowing wash would have to be removed from the parks when it flowed, increasing maintenance costs. Although it would require increased property taxes to maintain that the cement canal would not, and was somewhat controversial at the time, the city voted to install the system of parks and golf courses in the Wash, a move that was seen as bold, by a city that was at that time, not particularly wealthy. The park and golf course system was built in such a way as to minimize damage when the water flowed, placing buildings up high on berms, and leaving the remainder as grass, ponds or streams, relatively immune from water damage. The system worked as a flood control channel, and has been retained as parkland or golf courses ever since. The success of the park and golf course system paid off: because the parks and golf courses followed closely on the heels of the mass production of affordable heat pump air conditioners in the 1950s, Scottsdale quickly became a city to which families and retirees wanted to move. The city, still relatively poor, overspent on the park system, building the El Dorado public pool in a protected berm at one edge of the wash, for example, and ran out of federal money to build all of the bridges over the wash. However, the channeling of the wash allowed condos to be built in places along its newly narrowed western border, and money from the taxes paid on the newly usable land was used to finally complete the bridges years later.


Its money having been spent on the park system, the city of Scottsdale allowed the downtown area, immediately to the east of the central shopping district on Scottsdale Blvd. to decay, and by the early 1970s, the area became a swath of old abandoned wooden buildings with broken windows. However, shortly after the park system was built, Ms. McCormick, the owner of McCormick Ranch, died, and instead of preserving the ranch as mostly scrub land, the McCormick ranch/Scottsdale Ranch area of Scottsdale was developed into homes and business parks, and began to generate tax revenues for the city. Because of the rising status of the city from the newly-built parks and golf course system, the developers were able to upgrade the houses they built in what became the McCormick Ranch/Scottsdale Ranch portions of the city, which opened up Scottsdale to the north and added a wide eastern portion, bulging on the middle of the map shown above. The nouveau riche that quickly filled these more expensive homes became the butt of many jokes and the source of the "Snottsdale" nickname: both made by the lower middle class residents remaining in south Scottsdale, and the "old money" residents of Paradise Valley and portions of Phoenix around Camelback Mountain who refused to move to Scottsdale, in spite of the relatively sparse recreational facilities of those areas. Nevertheless, the tax money that the city received from the development of McCormick Ranch was used to purchase the dilapidated area adjacent to Old Town via its powers of eminent domain, demolish the few remaining wooden buildings that had not by then been burned to the ground by vandals, and build a performing arts center and a restaurant row in place of part of it. The upscale locally owned restaurants that had been leaving the downtown area because of the blight were invited to be the first tenants in the restaurant row if they stayed in the area in the difficult years in which it and the arts center were built, and when the arts center and restaurants opened in the late to mid 1970s, it became another draw for the city.


Seeing the once narrow city of Scottsdale fan out to the north and east, the city council of Phoenix, feeling threatened by Scottsdale's success in attracting residents, in a late night city council meeting, unexpectedly annexed a then undeveloped six foot wide, miles long stretch of county land north of Phoenix, immediately to the west of McCormick Ranch, effectively extending that western boundary for miles. Because city services would have to be provided on any annexed land, the merely 6 foot wide limit allowed Phoenix to annex the portion inexpensively, yet the annexation effectively blocked the increasingly successful Scottsdale from annexing over the strip, thus preserving the mostly straight western boundary of Scottsdale that exists today. Furious at the late night secretive manner in which the annexation was accomplished, the city council of Scottsdale annexed an adjacent strip on what was now "its" side.


During this period, the city government of Scottsdale was seen as one with progressive ideas. The city passed one of the earliest sign ordinances, restricting the size and height of signs and billboards, ostensibly using its power to protect the safety of residents it claimed were getting into traffic accidents craning their necks to see higher and higher signs, but widely believed to be implemented for aesthetic reasons. The ordinance was highly controversial at the time, and Scottsdale had to defend it in front of the U.S. Supreme Court, but now such ordinances are widespread. Scottsdale also contracted out its fire department, in what was to be a wave of the privatization of operations of city government that never really materialized. Freed of traditions, and afraid of lawsuits if it used the dark red color of firetrucks of other cities in the U.S., the company that took over the contract painted the fire engines a fluorescent greenish yellow to make them more noticeable. The city also developed the first robot arm garbage truck, replacing crews who dumped cans into a train of open trailers pulled by a truck, with a single operator sitting in an air conditioned cab.[3]


From its official incorporation in 1951 with a population of 2000, the town of Scottsdale has grown to a 2004 Census estimate of 221,792. It is now Arizona's fifth-largest city, and one of its most celebrated. Scottsdale is commonly defined by its high quality of life, and in 1993 was named the, "Most Livable City," in the United States by the United States Conference of Mayors.[4] This title is notoriously lampooned across the state because of the high cost of living in Scottsdale. It is continually ranked as one of the premier golf and resort destinations in the world, with a sizable portion of tax revenue being derived from tourism. It is also home to the FBR Open Golf Tournament held at the Tournament Players Club, which carries the distinction of the best-attended event on the PGA Tour. In 2006, Scottsdale will begin hosting a second PGA Tour event, known as the Fry's Electronics Open. The city continues to see rapid growth, mainly in the northern areas of the city. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... The United States Conference of Mayors (USCM) is a nonpartisan organization founded in 1932. ... The Phoenix Open is a nationally televised golf tournament, a part of the PGA Tour, held at the Tournament Players Club (TPC) of Scottsdale, Arizona around the last weekend in January. ... Tournament Players Club (TPC) is a chain of American public and private golf clubs operated by the PGA TOUR. Most of their courses either are or had been hosts for PGA TOUR events, and even those that have never hosted an event on the main tour have frequently hosted events... The PGA Tour is an organization that operates the USAs main professional golf tours. ... The PGA Tour is an organization that operates the USAs main professional golf tours. ... The Frys Electronics Open is a new PGA Tour golf tournament which will be played for the first time on October 15, 2007 - October 21, 2007. ...


Geography

Scottsdale is located at 33°29′35″N, 111°55′34″W (33.493118, -111.926097)GR1. The city is located in the Salt River Valley, or the, "Valley of the Sun," in the northern reaches of the Sonoran Desert. Immediately to the east and northeast of Scottsdale is the McDowell Mountain Range. Scottsdale borders the city of Phoenix and town of Paradise Valley to the west, Tempe to the south, and Fountain Hills to the east. Map of the Mojave and Sonoran deserts. ... The McDowell Mountain Range is located about twenty miles north-east of Phoenix, Arizona, and may be seen from most places throughout the city. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Paradise Valley is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 14,558. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... The world famous fountain of Fountain Hills, Arizona, spews water to a height of 562 feet, once per hour. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 477.7 km² (184.4 mi²). 477.1 km² (184.2 mi²) of it is land and 0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (0.12%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Climate

Scottsdale's climate is hot and arid. Winters are mild to moderate, and summers are hot. The lowest temperature ever recorded in the city is 19.0°F, on February 20, 1955, and the highest temperature ever recorded is 119.0°F, on June 26, 1970 and August 2, 1972.[5] In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also: Phoenix (Climate)

Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ...

Cityscape

The city is loosely divided into four areas: South Scottsdale (McKellips Road north to Chaparral Road), Old Town (Downtown) Scottsdale, Central Scottsdale (also known as the, "Shea Corridor"; extends from Chaparral Road north to Shea Boulevard), and North Scottsdale. The real estate market in Scottsdale is among the most expensive in the United States. In 2005, both Scottsdale and Paradise Valley were among the top ten markets in the nation for luxury home sales, and the only two cities outside of California. Paradise Valley was ranked ninth with $637 million in luxury home sales, while Scottsdale was ranked tenth with $594 million in luxury home sales.[6]


South Scottsdale has been known for many years as more or less the working class region of Scottsdale, although today it is transforming into a dynamic urban area. It contains the major nightlife for the area and is a major art center of metro Phoenix. The median resale home price is $291,500, compared to $667,450 in North Scottsdale.[7] South Scottsdale will also soon be home to a new research center for Arizona State University.[8] ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ...


Old Town Scottsdale is an area with many streets, stores, restaurants, bars, nightclubs, and western art galleries evoking the old cowboy era. New development is being built in the area. The Scottsdale Waterfront Residences anchor the once desolate Arizona Canal banks, and no less than five new ultra-luxury condominium towers are under construction. There are over 20 hotels in the area, including The Mondrian Scottsdale (formerly The James Hotel), the Hotel Indigo, the Scottsdale Marriott Suites Old Town, and the Hotel Valley Ho. Three new hotels are also planned to open in Scottsdale's prime nightclub district, the W Scottsdale Hotel and Residences, the Ritz Carlton Paradise Valley, and the 1 Hotel and Residences.[9][10] Scottsdale's main cultural district is also in this area, which includes the high-end Scottsdale Fashion Square Mall, one of the twenty largest malls in the United States,[11] and the newly constructed Shops at the Waterfront, both of which offer eclectic variety for shoppers and diners. This article refers to a form of housing. ... The Morgans Hotel Group NASDAQ: MHGC (MHG) is a hospitality company that operates, owns, acquires and redevelops boutique hotels in the United States and Europe. ... Hotel Indigo is a chain of Boutique Hotels started by the Intercontinental Hotels Group. ... Starwood Hotels (NYSE: HOT) is a group of hotel chains. ... Ritz-Carlton is a brand of luxury hotel and resort with 63 properties that are located in major cities and exclusive resort destinations of 21 countries worldwide. ... Scottsdale Fashion Square is the largest shopping mall in Arizona and the American Southwest, with approximately 2 million square feet of retail space, and is among the top 30 largest malls in the country. ... Scottsdale Fashion Square is the largest shopping mall in Arizona and the American Southwest, with approximately 2 million square feet of retail space, and is among the top 30 largest malls in the country. ...


The Shea Corridor, so named because it a region of north-central Scottsdale in close proximity to the east-west running Shea Boulevard, and is primarily a residential section of town, with suburban-style businesses and shops. Real estate in the Shea Corridor (Central Scottsdale) has increased during the 1990s, and overall, the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale real estate market has seen the largest gain in home prices in the nation, with a 38.4% increase in value.[12]


North Scottsdale is currently the most actively developed area of Scottsdale, and is one of the most expansive and expensive areas in Scottsdale. The city's borders rapidly expand to the east and west in this area, containing the McDowell Mountain range. Homes in North Scottsdale see median values of $667,450.[7]


Demographics

City of Scottsdale
Population by year[13]
1930 1,047
1940 2,761
1960 2,032
1970 67,823
1980 88,622
1990 130,075
2000 202,705
2006 231,127
2007 240,410

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 202,705 people, 90,669 households, and 54,492 families residing in the city. The population density was 424.9/km² (1,100.4/mi²). There were 104,974 housing units at an average density of 220.0/km² (569.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.19% White, 1.23% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 1.96% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 2.27% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. 6.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 90,669 households out of which 22.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.9% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.79. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 19.3% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $57,484, and the median income for a family was $73,846. Males had a median income of $51,204 versus $34,739 for females. The per capita income for the city was $39,158. About 3.4% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Economy

See also: List of major corporations in Phoenix

The tourism industry is Scottsdale's primary employer, accounting for 39% of the city's workforce. In 2005, 7.5 million visitors stayed in the city, providing an economic impact of $3.1 billion.[14] The city is home to more than 70 resorts and hotels, with four of them listed as AAA Five-Diamond hotels in 2005 (The Phoenician, Scottsdale Camelback Inn, Four Seasons Resort Scottsdale at Troon North, and the Fairmont Princess Resort and Spa).[15] Scottsdale also boasts the highest number of resort spas per capita of any city in the U.S, earning the city a national recognition as an ideal destination for relaxation.[16] The city's year-round warm weather is a great factor in its appeal, as many tourists from the midwest (known locally as "snowbirds") flood the community during the winter season, and many also purchase second homes in the area.[17] This is a listing of major corporations in the Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area. ... “Tourist” redirects here. ... The AAA logo AAA (read triple-A), also known by its historic name of the American Automobile Association, is a non-profit automobile lobby group and service organization based in Orlando, Florida, United States. ... “Starwood” redirects here. ... JW Marriott Hotels is an upper-upscale brand of hotels operated by Marriott International. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Fairmont Hotels & Resorts is a Toronto, Ontario based owner/operator of luxury hotels and resorts in Canada, the United States, Mexico, Bermuda, Barbados and the United Arab Emirates. ... A destination spa is a business establishment which people visit for personal health, life enhancement, fitness, personal care treatments such as massages, facials, in a resort setting. ... The term Snowbird is used to describe Canadians and people from the Pacific Northwest, Northeast or Midwestern United States who spend a large portion of winter in warmer locales such as Arizona, Florida, or elsewhere along the Sunbelt region of the southern United States, areas of the Caribbean, and even...


Mayo Clinic has one of its three major locations in Scottsdale, as well as a hospital.[18] Main campus in downtown Rochester, Minnesota. ...


The aviation industry has also grown in Scottsdale, with the Scottsdale Airport, which opened in the 1960s. By 2004, the airpark area around the airport employed nearly 50,000 people, and housed 2,200 businesses with a combined economic impact of $3 billion annually. Aviation refers to flying using aircraft, machines designed by humans for atmospheric flight. ... Scottsdale Airport (IATA: SDL, ICAO: KSDL) is a public airport located nine miles (14 km) north of downtown Scottsdale in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. It is one of the busiest single-runway facilities in the nation, with approximately 202,000 operations in 2004. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ...


Arts and culture

Scottsdale is known for its affluent culture and high society. The city boasts many luxury restaurants, bars, nightclubs, golf courses, art galleries, and other cultural diversions. Many residents are often stereotyped as being somewhat arrogant, and some mockingly refer to the city by such nicknames as "Snottsdale" or "Snobsdale."[19][20] Scottsdale's affluent culture has been depicted by shows such as MTV's My Super Sweet 16, which filmed an episode in the area in 2006, and by the short-lived CBS reality show Tuesday Night Book Club.[21][19] High Society is a 1956 musical film made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in VistaVision with music and lyrics by Cole Porter. ... Toms Restaurant, a restaurant in New York made familiar by Suzanne Vega and the television sitcom Seinfeld A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to order, to be consumed on the premises. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... For the 2007 Movie, see Super Sweet 16: The Movie My Super Sweet 16 is an MTV reality series documenting the lives of upper class teenagers celebrating their coming-of-age birthday parties. ... CBS Broadcasting, Inc. ... Tuesday Night Book Club is a show scheduled to begin airing June 13, 2006 on CBS. Advertisements hint that it has elements in common with Desperate Housewives. ...


Annual cultural events and fairs

The West's Most Western Town prides itself in its rich Western cowboy history, preserving while heavily promoting its plethora of "western" activities and events. The renowned Scottsdale Arabian Horse Show has been a Scottsdale tradition since 1955. Today, the show attracts thousands of visitors and tourists, hoping to catch a glimpse of nearly 2000 purebred Arabian and Half-Arabian horses competing for various prizes and recognition. The show also features over 300 vendors and exhibitions, and over 25 demonstrations and shows.[22]


Perhaps the most famous present-day cowboy event is the Scottsdale Jaycees Parada del Sol, an annual month long event held in Scottsdale since 1954. Originally named The Sunshine Festival, the PRCA Rodeo was added in 1956. Cowboys and cowgirls from across the nation converge in Scottsdale to participate in this cultural and historical event. The event begins each year with the Parada del Sol Parade, the world's largest horse-drawn parade with over 150 entries in any given year.[23]


North Scottsdale hosts the Barrett-Jackson Auto Show, an auto enthusiast's and collector's auction, in January of every year. The show features many exotic automobiles, and attracts car enthusiasts from all over the world. // Barrett-Jackson Collector Car Auction is a prestigious collector car auction and exposition company, started in 1960. ...


Museums and art galleries

Taliesin West, architect Frank Lloyd Wright's winter home and school in Scottsdale.
Taliesin West, architect Frank Lloyd Wright's winter home and school in Scottsdale.

Scottsdale is home to more than 125 art galleries,[24] The city has quickly become a center for art in the United States. Its galleries are most famous for western and Native American themed art.[25] The Scottsdale Gallery Association sponsors a weekly Art Walk on Thursday evenings, featuring many prominent artists. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 359 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Scottsdale, Arizona Taliesin West Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 359 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Scottsdale, Arizona Taliesin West Metadata This... Architect Frank Lloyd Wrights winter home in Scottsdale, Arizona from 1937 until his death in 1959. ... Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the worlds most prominent and influential architects. ...


Located in Old Town is Scottsdale's performing arts district. The Scottsdale Center for the Arts hosts musicals and plays, with several open-ended performances including the nationwide Menopause: The Musical and Arizona's longest running show, The Late Night Catechism.


Taliesin West, architect Frank Lloyd Wright's winter home and school from 1937 until 1959, is also a popular tourist attraction. Wright also designed the Gammage Auditorium in nearby Tempe. Architect Frank Lloyd Wrights winter home in Scottsdale, Arizona from 1937 until his death in 1959. ... Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the worlds most prominent and influential architects. ... An Auditorium designed by the world-famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ...


Also in this district since 1971 is the Scottsdale Arts Festival. Held every March, the Festival draws more than 40,000 visitors over a three-day weekend. It is Scottsdale's oldest arts festival, with proceeds supporting the Scottsdale Center for the Performing Arts' arts education and community outreach programs. The Festival includes arts and fine crafts for sale, as well as presentations, performances and demonstrations.


Shopping & nightlife

Interior view of Scottsdale Fashion Square.
Interior view of Scottsdale Fashion Square.

Scottsdale is one of the premiere shopping destinations of the southwest, home to many upscale and high-end boutiques and shops, with many stores such as Tiffany reporting their Scottsdale location as one of the highest sales per square foot in the nation. There are more than 15 shopping centers, including the more upscale Kierland Commons and Scottsdale Fashion Square. Image File history File linksMetadata 45768. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 45768. ... Scottsdale Fashion Square is the largest shopping mall in Arizona and the American Southwest, with approximately 2 million square feet of retail space, and is among the top 30 largest malls in the country. ... The outside of a Tiffany & Co. ... The Kierland Commons is a master-planned community on the border of Scottsdale, Arizona and Phoenix, Arizona. ... Scottsdale Fashion Square is the largest shopping mall in Arizona and the American Southwest, with approximately 2 million square feet of retail space, and is among the top 30 largest malls in the country. ...


Scottsdale continues to expand its plethora of shopping destinations with both the Scottsdale Waterfront and the northern Scottsdale Palisene. Scottsdale Fashion Square is the largest shopping mall in Arizona and the American Southwest, with approximately 2 million square feet of retail space, and is among the top 30 largest malls in the country. ... Palisene is a large, master-planned retail and residential community by Phoenix-based Westcor on the border of Northern Phoenix and Scottsdale, set to open in the Fall of 2009 and will be one of the largest lifestyle centers in the nation. ...


Scottsdale is also home to a wide variety of nightclubs and bars. Along with nearby Phoenix and Tempe, the Phoenix Metro Area is one of the most happening places in the entire southwest.[26] The clubs in Scottsdale cater to a wide variety of patrons, some catering to the younger college crowd from nearby Scottsdale Community College and Arizona State University, while more upscale establishments are geared towards the 30 to 40+ crowds. While many patrons dress stylishly, there is no formal dress code, due to the hot climate.[26] // This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ...


Sports and recreation

There are no major league professional team sports in Scottsdale. Many residents follow the teams in nearby Phoenix and Glendale. The city is the spring training home of the San Francisco Giants, who practice at Scottsdale Stadium.[27] Scottsdale Stadium also hosts the Scottsdale Scorpions, a minor league baseball team in the Arizona Fall League. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... Scottsdale Stadium is a baseball field located in Scottsdale, Arizona. ... The Scottsdale Scorpions are an Arizona Fall League baseball team located in the affluent Phoenix suburb of Scottsdale. ... Minor leagues in the sense intended in this article are professional sports leagues which are not regarded as the premier leagues in those sports. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Arizona Fall League is a minor league baseball league which operates during the Fall in Arizona at three spring training complexes. ...


Scottsdale is widely known as a premier destination in the United States for golf. The FBR Open Golf Tournament is held annually each spring at the Tournament Players Club, and the city is home to more than 200 area courses offering layouts that range from the rolling green fairways of traditional courses to desert golf designs. In 2006, the Robb Report cited Scottsdale as, "America's Best Place to Live for Golf."[28] The Boulders Resort & Golden Spa and Four Seasons Resort Scottsdale at Troon North were selected in 2005 as the second and fourth best golf resorts in the nation by Travel & Leisure Golf Magazine.[29] Other notable golf courses in the area include Desert Mountain, Grayhawk, and Desert Highlands. This article is about the sport. ... The Phoenix Open is a nationally televised golf tournament, a part of the PGA Tour, held at the Tournament Players Club (TPC) of Scottsdale, Arizona around the last weekend in January. ... Tournament Players Club (TPC) is a chain of American public and private golf clubs operated by the PGA TOUR. Most of their courses either are or had been hosts for PGA TOUR events, and even those that have never hosted an event on the main tour have frequently hosted events... The Robb Report is a magazine about luxury life, featuring products of the lifestyle, such as cars, watches, and real estate. ... Wyndham Hotels and Resorts is a chain of hotels and resorts located mainly in the United States, but also including locations in Mexico and the Caribbean. ... Four Seasons The Four Seasons Hotel TSX: FSH.SV NYSE: FS chain consists of many hotels and resorts aimed at the top of the hotel market, as well as the wealthy. ... Travel + Leisure Golf is a bi-monthly magazine published by American Express. ...


Government

Scottsdale is governed by a mayor and city council, all of whom are elected "at large" to represent the entire city. A city manager is responsible for the executive leadership of the city staff, as well as implementing council policies, developing programs and budgets to respond to council goals, and ensuring that citizens receive effective and efficient city services. The city manager also serves as the city treasurer. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ...


The current mayor is Mary Manross (term ends June 2008), and the current members of the city council are Betty Drake, Wayne Ecton, W.J. "Jim" Lane, Robert Littlefield, Ron McCullagh, and Tony Nelssen. The current city manager is Janet M. Dolan. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ...


Transportation

Scottsdale is located along Arizona State Route 101, which provides access to nearby Phoenix, Tempe, Mesa, Chandler, and other cities in the metro area. The speed limit on Route 101, as well as on many city streets, has been enforced since February 2007 by photo radar.[30] State Route 101, or Loop 101, is a 61-mile (97 km) semi-beltway encompassing much of the Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... A road speed limit is the maximum speed allowed by law for road vehicles. ... A red-light camera in use in Beaverton, Oregon A road-rule enforcement camera is a system including a camera and a vehicle-monitoring device used to detect and identify vehicles disobeying a road rule or road rules. ...


Commercial air travel is served primarily by Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX) in Phoenix. The city is also home to Scottsdale Municipal Airport (IATA: SDL, ICAO: KSDL), a single-runway airport with over 500 operations per day. While the airport serves some tour and commuter flights, the plurality of aircraft operations are transient general aviation traffic. Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX) in Phoenix is Arizonas main international airport, one of the largest aviation facilities in the American Southwest and one of the top ten busiest airports in the country. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Scottsdale Municipal Airport (IATA: SCF, ICAO: KSDL) is a general aviation airport located in northern Scottsdale, Arizona, and is one of the busiest single-runway facilities in the nation. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... General aviation (abbr. ...


Education

See also: List of school districts in Phoenix, Arizona

Public education in Scottsdale is provided for primarily by the Scottsdale Unified School District. A minority of the outlying parts of town fall under other school districts in the Phoenix Metro Area, including the Cave Creek Unified School District, Paradise Valley Unified School District, Phoenix Union High School District, Tempe Union High School District, and the Balsz Elementary School District. The following is a list of school districts that serve the city of Phoenix, Arizona. ... Scottsdale Unified School District (SUSD) is a school district that covers most of the city of Scottsdale. ... Paradise Valley Unified School District is the main school district of Phoenix, Arizona. ... Phoenix Union High School District is a school district based in Phoenix, Arizona, United States. ...


There are five major high schools in Scottsdale: Arcadia High School, Chaparral High School, Coronado High School, Desert Mountain High School, and Saguaro High School. For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... Arcadia High School is a public high school located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Coronado High School is a public high school located in Scottsdale, Arizona. ... Desert Mountain High School is a grade 9-12 school located in Scottsdale, Arizona in the Scottsdale Unified School District. ... Saguaro High School is a former A+ and Blue Ribbon Schools Program certified high schools of the Scottsdale Unified School District in Scottsdale, Arizona. ...


The primary institution of higher education in the city is Scottsdale Community College. Many students also commute to nearby Arizona State University in Tempe. Scottsdale Community College, in Scottsdale, Arizona (a suburb of Phoenix) is located on the eastern boundary of the city of Scottsdale, Arizona on 160 acres (650,000 m²) of land belonging to the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ...


Scottsdale is also home of the International School of Arizona, a non-profit bilingual school that teaches children classes in a foreign language (French, Spanish or German). The International School of Arizona (ISA), founded in 1997, is a non-profit, bilingual day school for all children aged 2 to 11 years old. ...


Sister cities

Scottsdale has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc.:[31] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Architecture of Álamos The town of Álamos in the state of Sonora, Mexico, was founded in the late 17th century following discoveries of copper mines in the region. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... “Cairns” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Interlaken is a municipality in the Canton of Bern in Switzerland. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Murney Tower, Kingston The Fort Henry Guard performing an historical demonstration The Prince George Hotel. ...

See also

This is a list of notable past and present residents of the U.S. city of Phoenix, Arizona, and its surrounding metropolitan area. ... This is a list of movies that were filmed in the U.S. state of Arizona: // Casa Grande Midnight Run Near Dark Three Kings Flagstaff Casablanca Dead Man Easy Rider Flying Tigers Forrest Gump The Gumball Rally Midnight Run Raise Your Voice Two-Lane Blacktop National Lampoons Vacation Florence... // 550 - KFYI - News/Talk - Phoenix - Also available in HD Radio 620 - KTAR - Arizonas Sports Page - Phoenix 710 - KMIA - ESPN Deportes Radio; operating on reduced power due to vandalism of towers [1] - Black Canyon City 740 - KIDR - Spanish News/Talk/Sports - Phoenix 860 - KMVP - ESPN Radio - Phoenix 910 - KGME - Sports...

References

  1. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places over 100,000 (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 21, 2006). Retrieved on November 14, 2006.
  2. ^ a b c "Indian Bend Wash: Construction Complete." United States Environmental Protection Agency. Page last updated on February 16, 2007. Retrieved on February 28, 2007.
  3. ^ http://www.scottsdalecvb.com/about/index.cfm?action=history
  4. ^ "Scottsdale History." Scottsdale Convention & Visitors Bureau. Retrieved on June 1, 2006.
  5. ^ "Scottsdale Weather: Records & Averages." Yahoo! Retrieved on April 30, 2007.
  6. ^ Yantis, John. "State tops $1 billion in luxury home sales in 2005." East Valley Tribune. March 7, 2006.
  7. ^ a b Butler, Jay; Lambrakis, Christine. "Greater Phoenix August Resale Market Housing Price Increases Slow." Arizona State University. September 14, 2005. Retrieved on August 9, 2006.
  8. ^ "SkySong: Project Overview." skysongcenter.com. February 2007. Retrieved on April 29, 2007.
  9. ^ "W Hotels Continues Rapid Expansion with a New W Hotel and Residences in Scottsdale." Starwood Hotels (press release). July 8, 2004. Retrieved on August 9, 2006.
  10. ^ Corbett, Peter. "Ritz-Carlton plans PV hotel." Arizona Republic. June 22, 2006. Retrieved on August 9, 2006.
  11. ^ "Largest Shopping Malls in the United States (2004)." American Studies, Eastern Connecticut State University. December 17, 2005. Retrieved on August 9, 2006.
  12. ^ Christie, Les. "Real estate cools down." CNN (CNN Money). May 16, 2006. Retrieved on July 6, 2006.
  13. ^ Gibson, Campbell. "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990." United States Census Bureau. June, 1998. Retrieved on October 7, 2006.
  14. ^ "Headline News." Downtown Scottsdale Bulletin. November 7, 2006. Retrieved on April 18, 2007.
  15. ^ Sardone, Susan B. "AAA Five-Diamond Hotels 2005 - AAA Hotel Listings." About.com. 2005. Retrieved on August 9, 2006.
  16. ^ Hogan, Shanna. "Scottsdale is tops in country for spas." East Valley Tribune. July 11, 2006. Retrieved on July 13, 2006.
  17. ^ Roxborough, Shannon. "Tourists often wind up buying second homes." northjersey.com. April 15, 2007. Retrieved on April 18, 2007.
  18. ^ "Mayo Clinic Scottsdale (website)." Retrieved on [[{April 29]], 2007.
  19. ^ a b Scharnberg, Kirsten. "A new sin city: `Snottsdale'." Chicago Tribune. July 4, 2006. Retrieved on July 6, 2006.
  20. ^ Nowicki, Dan. "'Snobsdale' in prime time." Arizona Republic. June 15, 2006. Retrieved on July 6, 2006.
  21. ^ Rose, Jaimee. "Welcome to Marissa's world." Arizona Republic. April 26, 2006. Retrieved on July 6, 2006.
  22. ^ Hedding, Judy. "Scottsdale Arabian Horse Show." About.com. Retrieved on August 9, 2006.
  23. ^ "Scottsdale Jaycees Parada del Sol - History." Scottsdale Jaycees. Retrieved on August 16, 2006.
  24. ^ "Listings of Scottsdale Art Galleries." Scottsdale Convention & Visitors Bureau. Retrieved on July 6, 2006.
  25. ^ Staff Writer. "Things to do in Phoenix." The Arizona Republic. June 7, 2006. Retrieved on December 7, 2006.
  26. ^ a b Staff Writer. "One Night Stand in Phoenix/Scottsdale." PubClub.com. Retrieved on July 6, 2006.
  27. ^ "Scottsdale Stadium." City of Scottsdale (website)]. Retrieved on April 18, 2007.
  28. ^ Bennett, Liam. "Scottsdale's Fantasy 18." Scottsdale Convention & Visitors Bureau. Retrieved on June 1, 2006.
  29. ^ Staff Writer. "2005 World's Best Golf Resorts." Travel + Leisure Golf. Retrieved on July 6, 2006.
  30. ^ "Scottsdale's Focus On Safety program and the Photo Enforcement 101 program." scottsdaleaz.gov. Retrieved on April 29, 2007.
  31. ^ Sister Cities information obtained from the Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI)." Retrieved on June 1, 2006.

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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Screenshot of About. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The East Valley Tribune is a daily newspaper serving the East Valley region of metropolitan Phoenix, including cities of Mesa, Arizona, Tempe, Chandler, Gilbert, Scottsdale and surrounding areas in Arizonas Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as The Valley of the Sun or simply The Valley. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... // The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by the Tribune Company. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Arizona Republic is a newspaper published in Phoenix, Arizona. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Arizona Republic is a newspaper published in Phoenix, Arizona. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Screenshot of About. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Arizona Republic is a newspaper published in Phoenix, Arizona. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Travel + Leisure Golf is a bi-monthly magazine published by American Express. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

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