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Encyclopedia > Scottish colonization of the Americas
European colonization
of the Americas
History of the Americas
British colonization
Courland colonization
Danish colonization
Dutch colonization
French colonization
German colonization
Portuguese colonization
Russian colonization
Scottish colonization
Spanish colonization
Swedish colonization
Viking colonization

Scottish colonization of the Americas consisted of a number of failed or abandoned settlements in North America, a colony at Darien, Panama and a number of wholly or largely Scottish settlements made as part of Great Britain. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The history of the Americas is the collective history of North, Central and South America and the Caribbean. ... [[[[[ == [[Media: --71. ... Map of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, with Courlands colonies marked The Duchy of Courland was the smallest nation to colonize the Americas with a short-lived colony in Tobago during the 1654-1659, and again 1660-1689. ... Denmark had a colonial empire from the 18th century until the 20th. ... During the 17th century, Dutch traders established trade posts and plantations throughout the Americas; actual colonization, with Dutch settling in the new lands was not as common as with settlements of other European nations. ... North America The French established colonies across the New World in the 17th century. ... The German colonization of the Americas consisted of a failed attempt to settle Venezuela in the 16th century. ... Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century. ... After the discovery of northern Alaska by Ivan Fedorov in 1732, and the Aleutian Islands, southern Alaska, and north-western shores of North America in 1741 during the Russian exploration conducted by Vitus Bering and Aleksei Chirikov, it took fifty years until the founding of the first Russian colony in... Spanish conquest and colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in America of Christopher Columbus in 1492. ... The Swedish colonization of the Americas consisted of a 17th century settlement on the Delaware River in Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, and possessions in the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th century. ... The Vikings, or Norse, explored and settled areas of the North Atlantic, including the northeast fringes of North America, beginning in the 10th century of the common era. ... The Darién scheme was an unsuccessful attempt by the Kingdom of Scotland to establish a colony on the Isthmus of Panama. ... Transport in Scotland Timeline of Scottish history Caledonia List of not fully sovereign nations Subdivisions of Scotland National parks (Scotland) Traditional music of Scotland Flower of Scotland Wars of Scottish Independence National Trust for Scotland Historic houses in Scotland Castles in Scotland Museums in Scotland Abbeys and priories in Scotland...

Contents


Nova Scotia - 1621

Although it is alledged that Henry Sinclair, 1st Earl of Orkney a Scottish nobleman explored North America in the 14th century the first documented Scottish settlement in the Americas was of Nova Scotia in 1621. On 29 September 1621 the charter for the foundation of a colony was granted by James VI of Scotland and I of England to Sir William Alexander and in 1622 the first settlers left Scotland, though this settlement initially failed & a permanent colony wasn't established till 1629. The colony's charter, in law, made Nova Scotia (defined as all land between Newfoundland and New England) a part of mainland Scotland, this was later used to get around the English navigation acts. Henry Sinclair, 1st Earl of Orkney, Baron of Roslin, and Lord of Shetland (c. ... | TotalArea = 55,283 | LandArea = 53,338 | WaterArea = 1,946 | PercentWater = 3. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... James VI Charles Stuart of Scotland and James I of England and Ireland (Charles James) (19 June 1566–27 March 1625) was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland. ... William Alexander (born 1726 in New York, died 1783 in Albany, New York) was an American major general during the American Revolutionary War. ... Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... This is about the island in Canada. ... While the states marked in red show the core of New England, the regions cultural influence may cover a greater or lesser area than shown. ... The Navigation Acts were a set of acts set down by the king of England that restricted trade between the american colonies and other countries. ...


Due to difficulties in obtaining a sufficient number of skilled emigrants in 1624 James VI created a new order of Baronets; admission to this order was obtained by sending 6 labourers or artisans, sufficiently armed, dressed & supplied for 2 years, to Nova Scotia, or by paying 3,000 merks to William Alexander. For 6 months no one took up this offer until James compelled one to make the first move. In 1627 there was a wider uptake of baronecies, and thus more settlers available to go to Nova Scotia. However in 1627 war broke out between England and France and the French re-established a settlement at Port Royal, Nova Scotia which they had originally settled in 1604. Later that year a combined Scottish and English force destroyed the French settlement forcing them out. In 1629 the first Scottish settlement at Port Royal was inhabited. This did not however last long as in 1631 under Charles I the Treaty of Suza was signed which returned Nova Scotia to the French. The Scots were forced to abandon their colony. Emigration is the action and the phenomenon of leaving ones native country to settle abroad. ... Events January 24 - Alfonso Mendez, appointed by Pope Gregory XV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa. ... A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt) is the holder of a British title, known as a baronetcy. ... Events A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... Port Royal is a small rural community in the western part of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... // Events February 5 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. ... Charles I (19 November 1600–30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 27 March 1625, until his execution. ...

History of Scotland
Chronological Eras
Pre Roman Scotland
Scotland in the Middle Ages
Early Modern Scotland
Scottish Enlightenment
Scotland in the nineteenth century
Scotland in modern times
Dynasties and Regimes
House of Alpin (843-878) & (889-1040)
House of Moray (1040-1058)
House of Dunkeld (1058-1286)
Fairhair Dynasty (1286-1290)
House of Balliol (1292-1296)
House of Bruce (1306-1371)
House of Stewart(1371-1707)
Act of Union (1707)
Topical
Economic history
Military history
Colonial history
Art history
Literary history
Scottish Culture
Timeline of Scottish history
Scottish Portal

Stirling Castle has stood for centuries atop a volcanic crag defending the lowest ford of the River Forth. ... The Scottish Enlightenment was a period of intellectual ferment in Scotland, running from approximately 1740 to 1800. ... The House of Alpin is a dynasty of Scottish kings that ruled Scotland from 843 to 1058. ... The House of Dunkeld or Canmore was a dynasty of Scottish kings that ruled Scotland from 1058 to 1290. ... The Hairfair dynasty is traditionally regarded as the first royal dynasty of the united Norway. ... The House of Balliol was a Scottish royal family in the 13th and 14th centuries. ... The House of Bruce was a Scottish Royal House in the 14th century. ... The House of Stuart or Stewart was a Scottish, and then British, Royal House of Breton origin. ... Walter Thomas Monningtons 1925 painting called Parliamentary Union of England and Scotland 1707 hangs in the Palace of Westminster depicting the official presentation of the law that formed the United Kingdom of Great Britain. ... Scottish literature is literature written in Scotland or by Scottish writers. ... Culture of Scotland - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This timeline is intended to be a brief guide to the main events in Scottish history over the centuries. ...

Cape Breton - 1625

In 1625 a charter was given by James VI for a settlement at Cape Breton, New Galloway, however this land was never colonised likely due to the problems over the settlement of Nova Scotia. Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... This article needs cleanup. ...


East New Jersey - 1683

On 23 November 1683 Charles II granted a charter for the colony of New Jersey to 24 proprietors, 12 of whom were Scots. The colony was to be split between an English settlement in West Jersey and a Scottish settlement in East Jersey. The driving force among the Scots was Robert Barclay of Urie, a prominent Quaker and the first Governor of East Jersey. Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... The name Charles II is used to refer to numerous persons in history: Kings Charles the Fat (also known as Charles II of France and Charles III of the Holy Roman Empire) Charles II of England Charles II of Naples Charles II of Navarre Charles II of Romania Charles II... The original provinces of West and East New Jersey are shown in yellow and green respectively. ... The original provinces of West and East New Jersey are shown in yellow and green respectively. ... The original provinces of West and East New Jersey are shown in yellow and green respectively. ... Robert Barclay (1648? - October 3, 1690), one of the most eminent writers belonging to the Society of Friends, or Quakers, was born in 1648 at Gordonstown in Morayshire. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ...


Although the Quakers were an important force, making up all of the proprietors of East Jersey, the settlement was marketed as a national rather than a religious endeavour, partially due to persecution of the Quakers in the 1660s and 1670s.


During the 1680s around 700 Scots emograted to East Jersey, mostly from Aberdeen and Montrose, around 50% of those travelled as indentured servants. From 1685 there was further emigration, albeit unsought by the emigrants, with the deportation on captured Covenanters. They were originally to have been placed in indented servitude on arrival however they were declared by the courts to be free men as they had not voluntarily indented. In the 1690's the pace of Scottish immigration slowed, due to opposition by William III of England and II of Scotland to those proprietors who supported James VI, it didn't pick up again till the 1720's. The initial immigrants to East Jersey were Quakers, Episcopalians and Presbyterians and by the 1730s Presbytarianism had become the dominant religion. Aberdeens location in Scotland Aberdeen (Obar Dheathain in Scottish Gaelic) is Scotlands third largest city, with a population of 212,125. ... Montrose is the name of several places in the world. ... An Indentured servant is an unfree labourer under contract to work (for a specified amount of time) for another person, often without any pay, but in exchange for accommodation, food, other essentials and/or free passage to a new country. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... The Covenanters were a radical Presbyterian movement that played an important part in the history of Scotland, and to a lesser extent in that of England, during the 17th century. ... William III of England (14 November 1650–8 March 1702; also known as William II of Scotland and William of Orange) was a Dutch aristocrat and the Holy Roman Empires Prince of Orange from his birth, King of England and Ireland from 13 February 1689, and King of Scotland... James VI and I King of England, Scotland and Ireland James VI of Scotland and I of England (Charles James) (19 June 1566–27 March 1625) was a King who ruled over England, Scotland and Ireland, and was the first Sovereign to reign in the three realms simultaneously. ... The Episcopal Church may refer to several members of the Anglican Communion, including: Episcopal Church in the United States of America Scottish Episcopal Church Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East Episcopal Church of Cuba idk of the Sudan Spanish Reformed Episcopal Church ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ...


Until 1697 every Governor of East Jersey was Scottish and Scots maintained great influence in politics and business even after 1702 when East Jersey and West Jersey were merged to become a Royal Colony. Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ...


Stuarts Town, Carolina - 1684

Although the Province of Carolina was an English colonyin the early 1680's Sir John Cochran of Ochiltree and Sir George Campbell of Cessnock negotiated the purchase of 2 counties for Scottish settlement. These were intended, with the support of theEarl of Shaftesbury the leader of the Carolina Proprietors, to provide a safe haven for Covenanters, as such the Scots were given a guarantee of freedom of concience and autonomous control of their colony which extended from Charles town (Charleston) towards Spanish territory. The Carolina Colony grants of 1663 and 1665 The Province of Carolina from 1663 to 1729, was a North American British colony. ... George Washington Campbell (February 9, 1769–February 17, 1848) was an American statesman. ... Cessnock can refer to: Cessnock, New South Wales Cessnock, Glasgow This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury (July 22, 1621–January 21, 1683) was a prominent English politician of the Interregnum and during the reign of King Charles II. Cooper, born in Dorset County, suffered the death of both his parents at a young age and was raised by relatives... The Covenanters were a radical Presbyterian movement that played an important part in the history of Scotland, and to a lesser extent in that of England, during the 17th century. ... For more related articles, see alternate spelling Charlestown Charleston is the name of a dance and of several villages, towns and cities in New Zealand, the United States and Scotland. ...


In 1684 148 Scots settlers arrived to build a settlement at Port Royal the site of former French and Spanish settlements. This was renamed by the Scots as Stuarts Town. Once settled there was frequent conflict both with Spanish allied Indians and with the English at Charles Town, the latter over English attempts to assert authority over the Scots and rights to the lucrative Indian trade. The Scots also carried out frequent raids on Spanish allied Indians and raided the Spanish mission at Santa Catalina as well as encouraging (and arming) the Indians they traded with to attack the Spanish directly. In 1686 the Spanish retaliated and sent 3 ships with 150 Spanish troops and Indian allies to attach Stuarts Town. Due to a recent sickness the Scots had only 25 effective fighting men able to mount a defence and the town was wiped out. There was no retaliation by the English who were warned by the Proprietors not to interfere. Events France under Louis XIV makes Truce of Ratisbon separately with the Empire and Spain. ... Port Royal is a town located in Beaufort County, South Carolina. ... Categories: Philippines geography stubs | Municipalities in the Philippines ... Events The League of Augsburg is founded. ...


The Darien Scheme - 1695

Darien, Georgia - 1735

See Also

The Darién scheme was an unsuccessful attempt by the Kingdom of Scotland to establish a colony on the Isthmus of Panama. ... Darien is a city located in McIntosh County, Georgia. ... | TotalArea = 55,283 | LandArea = 53,338 | WaterArea = 1,946 | PercentWater = 3. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
British colonization of the Americas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1661 words)
British colonization of the Americas began in the late 16th century.
Colonies were established in North, Central and South America and in the Caribbean, and a protectorate was established in Hawaii.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Saint Vincent was colonized in 1762.
French colonization of the Americas - encyclopedia article about French colonization of the Americas. (2506 words)
Courland colonization The Duchy of Courland was the smallest nation to colonize the Americas with a short-lived colony in Tobago during the 1654–1659, and again 1660–1689.
Scottish colonization The DariƩn scheme was an unsuccessful attempt by the Kingdom of Scotland to establish a colony on the Isthmus of Panama.
Swedish colonization The Swedish colonization of the Americas consisted of a 17th century settlement on the Delaware River in Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, and possessions in the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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