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Encyclopedia > Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba
"Scottish National Party Logo"
Leader Alex Salmond
Founded 1934
Headquarters 107 McDonald Road
Edinburgh
EH7 4NW
Political ideology Scottish independence, Left-wing nationalism, Social democracy
Political position Centre-left [1]
International affiliation none
European affiliation European Free Alliance
European Parliament group Greens-EFA
UK Parliament affiliation None, cooperates with Plaid Cymru
Colours Yellow, "Heather"
Website http://www.snp.org
See also Politics of Scotland

Political parties
Elections in Scotland Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond, known as Alex Salmond (born December 31, 1954, Linlithgow), is a Scottish politician, and the current First Minister of Scotland, heading a minority government. ... Scottish independence is a political ambition of a number of political parties, pressure groups and individuals within and outside of Scotland. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... In politics, the term centre-left is commonly used to describe and denote political parties or organisations that stretch from the centre to the left or are moderately left-wing, as opposed to extreme left wing beliefs such as communism. ... The European Free Alliance (EFA) is a grouping of various political parties in Europe who believe in either full political independence (statehood), or some form of devolution or self-government for their country or region. ... Logo of the European Federation of Green Parties - EFA The European Greens – European Free Alliance (The Greens - European Free Alliance; Greens - EFA; French: Le Groupe Verts - Alliance libre européenne; Les Verts - ALE, German Fraktion der Grünen/Freie Europäische Allianz) is one of the parliamentary groups in the... Plaid Cymru (IPA:; English: ; often referred to simply as Plaid) is a political party in Wales. ... This article is about the color. ... Lilac is a color that is a pale shade of violet. ... The Politics of Scotland forms a distinctive part of the wider politics of the United Kingdom, with Scotland one of the constituent countries of the United Kingdom. ... // Parties represented in the Scottish Parliament (in order of number of representatives): Scottish National Party (SNP) - centre-left, social democratic, pro-independence- 47 MSPs Labour - centre-left, unionist - 46 MSPs Conservative - centre-right, conservative, unionist - 17 MSPs Liberal Democrat - centre-left, federalist - 16 MSPs Scottish Green Party - left-wing, environmentalist... Scotland has elections to several bodies: the Scottish Parliament, the United Kingdom Parliament, the European Parliament, local councils and community councils. ...

The Scottish National Party (SNP) (Scottish Gaelic: Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba) is a centre-left, Social democratic political party which campaigns for Scottish independence.[2] In the last few decades, the SNP has normally polled the second highest number of votes for a political party in Scotland. As a result of the 2007 elections, it is the largest party in the Scottish Parliament,[3] and is currently running a minority administration in the Scottish Government. // Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... In politics, the term centre-left is commonly used to describe and denote political parties or organisations that stretch from the centre to the left or are moderately left-wing, as opposed to extreme left wing beliefs such as communism. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... Scottish independence is a political ambition of a number of political parties, pressure groups and individuals within and outside of Scotland. ... // Parties represented in the Scottish Parliament (in order of number of representatives): Labour Party - centre-left, unionist - 50 MSPs Scottish National Party (SNP) - centre-left, pro-independence- 27 MSPs Conservative and Unionist Party - centre-right, unionist - 17 MSPs Liberal Democrats - centre-left, federalist - 17 MSPs Scottish Green Party - environmentalist, pro... This article is about the country. ... The composition of the Scottish Parliament following the 2007 election. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... For minority governments in general, see dominant minority. ... The logo of the Governemnt, incorporating the Saltire. ...


The SNP holds 47 of 129 seats in the Scottish Parliament, 2 of 7 Scottish seats in the European Parliament, and 6 of 59 Scottish seats in the UK Parliament. They also have 364 of 1223 Councillors in Local Government, helping form 12 out of 32 local administrations. For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ...


A recent poll by UK GOV put the SNP on 31% of the popular vote. This means the SNP could acheive up to 18 scottish seats at the next general election.

Contents

History

Main article: History of the Scottish National Party

The SNP was formed in 1934 from the merger of the National Party of Scotland and the Scottish Party. The SNP first won a parliamentary seat at the Motherwell by-election in 1945, but Dr Robert McIntyre MP lost the seat at the general election three months later. They next won a seat in 1967, when Winnie Ewing was the surprise winner of a by-election in the previously safe Labour seat of Hamilton. This brought the SNP to national prominence, leading to the establishment of the Kilbrandon Commission. The high point in UK General Elections thus far was when the SNP polled almost a third of all votes in Scotland at the October 1974 general election and returned 11 MPs to Westminster, to date the most MPs it has had. In Scotland, the Scottish National Party (SNP) is a centre-left political party who favours Scottish independence. ... The National Party of Scotland (NPS) was formed in 1928 after John MacCormick of the Glasgow University Scottish Nationalist Association (GUSNA) called a meeting of all those favouring the establishment of a party favouring Scottish independence. ... The Scottish party was the name of two organisations, one now defunct, and the other now called the Free Scotland Party. ... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... Motherwell was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 to 1974. ... Robert Douglas McIntyre was the leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) from 1947-1956 and a doctor by profession. ... Clement Attlee Winston Churchill The United Kingdom General Election of 1945 was one of the most significant general elections of the 20th century. ... Winnie Ewing (born July 10, 1929) is a prominent Scottish nationalist and was formerly a Member of Parliament (MP), Member of the European Parliament (MEP) and Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP). ... The Hamilton by-election, in Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, in 1967 was a milestone in the politics of Scotland. ... The Labour Party is a centre-left or social democratic political party in Britain (see British politics), and one of the United Kingdoms three main political parties. ... Hamilton was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 to 1997. ... The Royal Commission on the Constitution, also referred to as the Kilbrandon Commission (initially the Crowther Commission) or Kilbrandon Report, was a long-running royal commission set up by Harold Wilsons Labour government to examine the structures of the constitution of the United Kingdom and the British Islands and... The UK general election of October 1974 took place on October 10, 1974. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ...


Party organisation

The SNP consists of local branches of party members. Those branches then form an association in the constituency they represent (unless there is only one branch in the constituency, in which case it forms a Constituency Branch rather than a constituency association). There are also eight regional associations, to which the branches and constituency associations can send delegates.


The SNP's policy structure is developed at its annual national conference and its regular national council meetings. There are also regular meetings of its national assembly, at which detailed discussion (but not finalising) of party policy takes place.


The party has an active youth wing as well as a student wing. There is also an SNP Trade Union Group. There is an independently-owned monthly newspaper, The Scots Independent, which is highly supportive of the party. Young Scots for Independence (YSI) is the youth wing of the Scottish National Party (SNP). ... The Federation of Student Nationalists, known in the shortened form as the FSN, was formed in the 1960s when various student organisations supportive of the notion of Scottish independence and the Scottish National Party (SNP) in particular decided to join forces into a new constituent body. ... The SNP Trade Union Group (TUG) is an affiliated organisation of the Scottish National Party (SNP). ... The Scots Independent is a monthly newspaper that is in favour of Scottish independence. ...


The SNP's leadership is invested in its National Executive Committee (NEC) which is made up of the party's elected office bearers and 10 elected members (voted for at conference). The SNP parliamentarians (Scottish, Westminster and European) and councillors have representation on the NEC, as do the Trade Union Group, the youth wing and the student wing.


According to accounts filed with the Electoral Commission for the year ending 2004, the party had a membership of 10,854 in 2004, up from 9,450 from 2003. It had income of about £1,300,000 (including bequests of just under £300,000) and expenditure of about £1,000,000. [4] A high profile and controversial donor to the party is the founder of the Stagecoach Group, Brian Souter.[5] The Electoral Commission is an independent body with powers in the United Kingdom, which was created by an Act of Parliament, the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000. ... The text or formatting below is generated by a template which has been proposed for deletion. ... Stagecoach Group plc (LSE: SGC) is a leading international transport group operating bus, train, tram, express coach and ferry operations. ... Brian Souter (born 1954 in Perth, Scotland), is a businessman and vile piece of scum, who was the co-founder of the Stagecoach Group, along with his sister, Ann Gloag. ...


By January 1, 2007, the party's membership had increased to 12,571[6], representing a 16% year on year rise since Alex Salmond was elected leader for a second time. This boost in popularity has also been strengthened by a number of recent opinion polls that show support for independence is now on the increase and occasionally outstrips support for the union.[7][8] is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Policy platform

The SNP's policy base is, by and large, in the mainstream European social democratic mould. For example, among its policies are a commitment to unilateral nuclear disarmament, progressive personal taxation to redistribute wealth from rich to poor, the eradication of poverty, free state education including support grants for higher education students and a pay increase for nurses. It is also committed to an independent Scotland being a full member state of the European Union, to the country joining the single European currency at the appropriate exchange rate and is against membership of NATO. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... Unilateral nuclear disarmament, the policy of independently revoking nuclear arms, has been advocated in Britain by the Labour Party left and by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament since Britain became a nuclear power in the 1950s. ... A progressive tax, or graduated tax, is a tax that is larger as a percentage of income for those with larger incomes. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A boy from Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ... Educational oversight Cabinet Secretary Scottish Government Fiona Hyslop MSP National education budget n/a (2007-08) Primary language(s) English and Scottish Gaelic National system Compulsory education 1872 Literacy (2005 est)  â€¢ Men  â€¢ Women 99% 99% 99% Enrollment  â€¢ Primary  â€¢ Secondary  â€¢ Post-secondary 1,452,240 390,2602 322,980 739,0003... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ... Walter Thomas Monningtons 1925 painting called Parliamentary Union of England and Scotland 1707 hangs in the Palace of Westminster depicting the official presentation of the Acts of Union, the law that formed the United Kingdom of Great Britain. ... EU member states and candidates Current members There are currently 25 member states in the European Union. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... This article is about the military alliance. ...


Contrary to the expectations of many outside the party, the SNP is not expressly republican and its general view is that this is an issue secondary to that of Scottish independence. Many SNP members are republicans though, and both the party student and youth wings are expressly so. Republicanism is the ideology of governing a nation as a republic, with an emphasis on liberty, rule of law, popular sovereignty and the civic virtue practiced by citizens. ...


The SNP is committed to maintaining an independent Scotland within the Commonwealth of Nations. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2008. ...


Party ideology

Although it is widely accepted that the SNP is now a moderate left-of-centre political party, this has not always been the case. Almost from the party's foundation there have been internal ideological tensions. This was largely a product of the way in which the left-of-centre National Party of Scotland amalgamated with the right-of-centre Scottish Party. Nowadays, ideological tensions within the SNP have mostly been resolved. The National Party of Scotland (NPS) was formed in 1928 after John MacCormick of the Glasgow University Scottish Nationalist Association (GUSNA) called a meeting of all those favouring the establishment of a party favouring Scottish independence. ... The Scottish party was the name of two organisations, one now defunct, and the other now called the Free Scotland Party. ...


However, by the 1960s, the party was starting to be defined ideologically. It had by then established a National Assembly which allowed for discussion of policy and was producing papers on a host of policy issues that could be described as social democratic. Also, the emergence of William Wolfe (universally known as Billy) as a leading figure played a huge role in the SNP defining itself as a left-of-centre social-democratic party. He recognised the need to do this to challenge the dominant political position of the Scottish Labour Party. Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... William Wolfe, Convenor of the Scottish National Party William Wolfe (more commonly referred to as Billy Wolfe) is a former leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP). ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... This article is about the Scottish Labour Party founded in 1976. ...


He achieved this in a number of ways: establishing the SNP Trade Union Group; promoting left-of-centre policies; and identifying the SNP with labour campaigns (such as the Upper-Clyde Shipbuilders Work-in and the attempt of the workers at the Scottish Daily Express to run as a cooperative). It was during Wolfe's period as SNP leader in the 1970s that the SNP became clearly identified as a social-democratic political party. Upper Clyde Shipbuilders was a group which amalgamated the major shipbuilders of the River Clyde, Glasgow, Scotland. ... For other uses, see Daily Express (disambiguation). ... Co-op redirects here. ...


There were some ideological tensions in the 1970s SNP. The party leadership under Wolfe was determined to stay on the left of the Scottish political spectrum and be in a position to challenge Labour. However, the party's MPs, mostly representing seats won from the Conservatives, were less keen to have the SNP viewed as a left-of-centre alternative to Labour, for fear of losing their seats back to the Conservatives. The Politics of Scotland forms a distinctive part of the wider politics of the United Kingdom, with Scotland one of the constituent countries of the United Kingdom. ... The Scottish Conservative Party (officially the Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party), often referred to as the Scottish Tories (see Tory), is the part of the British Conservative Party that operates in Scotland. ...


There was further ideological strife after 1979 with the 79 Group attempting to move the SNP further to the left, away from being what could be described a 'social-democratic' party, to an expressly 'socialist' party. This produced a response in the shape of the Campaign for Nationalism in Scotland from those who wanted the SNP to remain a 'broad church', apart from arguments of left vs. right. The 79 Group was an internal faction within the UK General Election. ... The Campaign for Nationalism in Scotland was an internal grouping within the Scottish National Party (SNP) that formed in response to the efforts of the 79 Group within the party. ...


The 1980s saw the SNP further define itself as a party of the left, for example running campaigns against the poll tax. It developed this platform to the stage it is at now: a clear, moderate, centre-left political party. This has itself not gone without internal criticism from the left of the party who believe that in modern years the party has become too moderate. A poll tax, head tax, or capitation is a tax of a uniform, fixed amount per individual (as opposed to a percentage of income). ...


The ideological tensions inside the SNP are further complicated by the arguments between gradualists and fundamentalists. In essence, gradualists seek to advance Scotland to independence through further devolution, in a 'step-by-step' strategy. They tend to be in the moderate -left grouping, although much of the 79 Group was gradualist in approach. However, this 79 Group gradualism was as much a reaction against the fundamentalists of the day, many of whom believed the SNP should not take a clear left or right position. The gradualist viewpoint within the Scottish National Party (SNP) is the idea that Scottish independence can be won by the accumulation by the Scottish Parliament of powers that the UK Parliament currently has over a protracted period of time. ... The fundamentalist ideology within the Scottish National Party (SNP) is the belief that the SNP should emphasise its policy of Scottish independence more widely in order to achieve it. ... The 79 Group was an internal faction within the UK General Election. ...


The position of fundamentalists within the SNP is further complicated by the fact that modern fundamentalists are unlike the old-style. They tend to be on the left of the party, critical of both the gradualist approach to independence and what they perceive as a moderation of the party's socio-economic policy portfolio.


This grouping of "neo-fundamentalists" have their roots within the camp of the former Labour MP Jim Sillars. Jim Sillars was born on 4 October 1937 in Ayrshire, Scotland. ...


European Free Alliance

The SNP retains close links with Plaid Cymru and MPs of both parties co-operate closely with each other. They work as a single group within the House of Commons, and were involved in joint campaigning during the 2005 General Election campaign. Both are in the European Free Alliance (EFA), which works with the European Green Party to form a grouping in the European Parliament: the Greens - European Free Alliance. Although there is no coalition in the Scottish Parliament (the SNP having run a minority government since May 2007) the Scottish Greens supported the appointment of the government under an agreement which also specified areas of common policy and gave the Greens input to the budget process and convenorship of the parliamentary committee on climate change. Plaid Cymru (IPA:; English: ; often referred to simply as Plaid) is a political party in Wales. ... Following is a (currently incomplete) list of past and present Members of Parliament of the United Kingdom in alphabetical order. ... Type Lower House Speaker Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Leader Harriet Harman, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader Theresa May, (Conservative) since May 5, 2005 Members 659 Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin... The United Kingdom general election of 2005 was held on Thursday, 5 May 2005 and won by the Labour Party, led by Tony Blair. ... The European Free Alliance (EFA) is a grouping of various political parties in Europe who believe in either full political independence (statehood), or some form of devolution or self-government for their country or region. ... European Greens (or the European Green Party) is the name of the European Green Party, a political party at European level. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... Logo of the European Federation of Green Parties - EFA The European Greens – European Free Alliance (The Greens - European Free Alliance; Greens - EFA; French: Le Groupe Verts - Alliance libre européenne; Les Verts - ALE, German Fraktion der Grünen/Freie Europäische Allianz) is one of the parliamentary groups in the...


National Executive Committee

  • President - Ian Hudghton MEP
  • Business Convenor - Angus Robertson MP
  • Leader - Alex Salmond MP/MSP
  • Deputy Leader - Nicola Sturgeon MSP
  • National Secretary - Dr Duncan Ross
  • National Treasurer - Cllr Colin Beattie
  • Local Government Convener - Cllr David Alexander
  • Organisation Convener - Cllr Willie Sawers
  • Ordinary Members of NEC Parliamentarians (2 elected)
  • Ordinary Members of NEC Non-Parliamentarians (6 elected)
    • Gerry Fisher
    • Cllr David Berry
    • Gareth Finn
    • Cllr Allison Hunter
    • Graeme Dey
    • Cllr Grant Thoms

Categories: MEP stubs | Scottish politicians | Members of the European Parliament from the United Kingdom ... Angus Robertson Angus Robertson, born 28 September 1969, Wimbledon, London, England, is a Scottish politician. ... Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond, known as Alex Salmond (born December 31, 1954, Linlithgow), is a Scottish politician, and the current First Minister of Scotland, heading a minority government. ... Nicola Sturgeon (born on 19 July 1970 in Irvine, North Ayrshire) is the Deputy Leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP). ... David Alexander is a controversial Sarasota, Florida-based political activist. ... Aileen Campbell (born May 18, 1980) is a Scottish National Party (SNP) Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP). ... Keith Brown (born 20 December 1961) is a Scottish politician. ...

Ministers and spokespersons

Portfolio SNP Spokesperson
Leader of the Scottish National Party
First Minister of Scotland
Alex Salmond MP/MSP
Deputy-Leader of the Scottish National Party
Deputy First Minister of Scotland, Cabinet Secretary for Health and Wellbeing
Nicola Sturgeon MSP
Minister for Parliamentary Business Bruce Crawford MSP
Minister for Europe, External Affairs and Culture Linda Fabiani MSP
Cabinet Secretary for Finance and Sustainable Growth John Swinney MSP
Minister for Enterprise, Energy and Tourism Jim Mather MSP
Minister for Transport, Infrastructure and Climate Change Stewart Stevenson MSP
Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning Fiona Hyslop MSP
Minister for Schools and Skills Maureen Watt MSP
Minister for Children and Early Years Adam Ingram MSP
Minister for Public Health Shona Robison MSP
Minister for Communities and Sport Stewart Maxwell MSP
Cabinet Secretary for Justice Kenny MacAskill MSP
Minister for Community Safety Fergus Ewing MSP
Cabinet Secretary for Rural Affairs and the Environment Richard Lochhead MSP
Minister for Environment Michael Russell MSP
President of the Party Ian Hudghton MEP
SNP Westminster Group Leader, Spokesperson for Foreign Affairs and for Defence Angus Robertson MP
SNP Westminster Deputy Group Leader and Chief Whip Stewart Hosie MP
SNP Westminster Work and Pensions, Trade and Industry and Energy spokesman Michael Weir MP

The First Minister of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: ; Scots: ) is, in practice, the political leader of Scotland, as head of Scotlands national devolved government, the Scottish Executive, which was established in 1999 along with the Scottish Parliament. ... Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond, known as Alex Salmond (born December 31, 1954, Linlithgow), is a Scottish politician, and the current First Minister of Scotland, heading a minority government. ... The Deputy First Minister of Scotland is, as the name suggests, the Deputy to the First Minister of Scotland. ... The Cabinet Secretary for Health and Wellbeing in Scotland is a cabinet position in the devolved Scottish Executive. ... Nicola Sturgeon (born on 19 July 1970 in Irvine, North Ayrshire) is the Deputy Leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP). ... The Minister for Parliamentary Business is a member the Scottish Executive whose job it is to steer government business through the Scottish Parliament. ... Bruce Crawford, born February 16, 1955, is a Scottish politician. ... Linda Fabiani (born December 14, 1956) is a Scottish politician. ... John Swinney John Swinney is the former leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP). ... Jim Mather was born on March 6, 1947. ... For the fictional character, see Stewart (Beavis and Butt-head). ... Fiona Hyslop, born August 1, 1964 is a Scottish politician. ... Maureen Watt, born in Aberdeenshire, is a Scottish National Party (SNP) Member of the Scottish Parliament for North East Scotland. ... Adam Ingram is a Scottish National Party (SNP) politician. ... Shona Robison MSP Shona Robison is a Member of the Scottish Parliament for Dundee East, being elected as a Scottish National Party (SNP) candidate at the 2003 election. ... Stewart Maxwell (born December 24, 1963 in Glasgow) is the Minister for Communities and Sport and Member of the Scottish Parliament for the West of Scotland, being elected as a Scottish National Party (SNP), Additional Members System member at the 2003 election. ... Kenny MacAskill (born 28 April 1958) is an Scottish National Party politican, the Cabinet Secretary for Justice and Member of the Scottish Parliament for the Edinburgh East and Musselburgh. ... Fergus Ewing, born September 23, 1957 is a Scottish National Party (SNP) MSP. He is the son of veteran Scottish Nationalist Winnie Ewing (his father was also a SNP councillor) and has long been active in the SNP. He studied law at the University of Glasgow where he was a... Richard Lochhead (born May 24, 1969 in Paisley, Scotland) is a Scottish politician. ... Michael Russell (Mike Russell) (born August 1953 in Bromley, Kent) is a member of the Scottish Parliament for the South of Scotland region. ... Categories: MEP stubs | Scottish politicians | Members of the European Parliament from the United Kingdom ... Angus Robertson Angus Robertson, born 28 September 1969, Wimbledon, London, England, is a Scottish politician. ... Stewart Hosie MP Stewart Hosie is the Scottish National Party Member of Parliament for the Dundee East constituency in the 2005 UK General Election. ... Michael Fraser Weir (born 24 March 1957) is a Scottish politician. ...

Party leaders

The SNP formed in 1934 when the National Party of Scotland and the Scottish Party united. ... Professor Douglas Young (born Tayport, Fife) (June 5, 1913 - October 23, 1973) was a Scottish poet, scholar, and translator. ... Robert Douglas McIntyre was the leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) from 1947-1956 and a doctor by profession. ... James Halliday was the leader of the Scottish National Party from 1956 (following on from Robert McIntyre) until 1960 (being replaced by Arthur Donaldson). ... Arthur Donaldson was born in 1901 in Dundee, Scotland. ... William Wolfe, Convenor of the Scottish National Party William Wolfe (more commonly referred to as Billy Wolfe) is a former leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP). ... This article is about Gordon Wilson the Scottish politician. ... Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond, known as Alex Salmond (born December 31, 1954, Linlithgow), is a Scottish politician, and the current First Minister of Scotland, heading a minority government. ... John Swinney John Swinney is the former leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP). ... Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond, known as Alex Salmond (born December 31, 1954, Linlithgow), is a Scottish politician, and the current First Minister of Scotland, heading a minority government. ...

Electoral performance

Election Percentage of Scottish vote Seats won Additional Information
1935 General Election 1.1% 0 seats
1945 General Election 1.2% 0 seats
1950 General Election 0.4% 0 seats
1951 General Election 0.3% 0 seats
1955 General Election 0.5% 0 seats
1959 General Election 0.5% 0 seats
1964 General Election 2.4% 0 seats
1966 General Election 5.0% 0 seats
1970 General Election 11.4% 1 seat
1974 General Election (Feb) 21.9% 7 seats
1974 General Election (Oct) 30.4% 11 seats High water mark, until 2007. Increased presence contributed to Labour holding a devolution referendum in 1979.
1974 Regional Council Election 12.6% 18 seats
1974 District Council Election 12.4% 62 seats
1977 District Council Election 24.2% 170 seats
1978 Regional Council Election 20.9% 18 seats
1979 General Election 17.3% 2 seats Poor performance compared to the two 1974 elections caused internal ructions during the 1980s.
1979 European Parliament Election 19.4% 1 seat
1980 District Council Election 15.5% 54 seats
1982 Regional Council Election 13.4% 23 seats
1983 General Election 11.7% 2 seats
1984 District Council Election 11.7% 59 seats
1984 European Parliament Election 17.8% 1 seat
1986 Regional Council Election 18.2 % 36 seats
1987 General Election 14.0% 3 seats
1988 District Council Election 21.3% 113 seats
1989 European Parliament Election 25.6% 1 seat
1990 Regional Council Election 21.8% 42 seats
1992 General Election 21.5% 3 seats
1992 District Council Election 24.3% 150 seats
1994 European Parliament Election 32.6% 2 seats
1994 Regional Council Election 26.8% 73 seats
1995 Unitary Authorities Election 26.1% 181 seats
1997 General Election 22.1% 6 seats
1999 Scottish Parliament Election 28.7% 35 seats (including 7 First Past the Post seats) First election to the re-constituted Scottish Parliament. Finished second to Labour and became the official opposition to the coalition of Labour and Liberal Democrats.
1999 Unitary Authorities Election 28.9% 201 seats
1999 European Parliament Election 27.2% 2 seats
2001 General Election 20.1% 5 seats
2003 Scottish Parliament Election 23.8% 27 seats (including 9 First Past the Post seats)
2003 Unitary Authorities Election 24.1% 181 seats
2004 European Parliament Election 19.7% 2 seats
2005 General Election 17.7% 6 seats
2007 Scottish Parliament Election 32.9% 47 seats (including 21 First Past the Post seats) Largest party in the Scottish Parliament; formed the Scottish Government.
2007 Unitary Authorities Election 29.7% (of seats) 363 seats Largest party in local government (first ever Scottish local elections to be held under the Single Transferable Vote).

Stanley Baldwin Clement Attlee The UK general election held on 14th November 1935 resulted in a large, though reduced, majority for the National Government now led by Stanley Baldwin. ... Clement Attlee Winston Churchill The United Kingdom General Election of 1945 held on 5 July 1945 but not counted and declared until 26 July 1945 (due to the time it took to transport the votes of those serving overseas) was one of the most significant general elections of the 20th... The United Kingdom general election in 1950 was the first general election ever after a full term of a Labour government. ... The 1951 election was held soon after the UK general election, 1950, which Labour won, but with an unworkable majority. ... The 1955 United Kingdom general election was held on May 26, 1955, four years after the previous general election. ... This United Kingdom general election was held on October 8, 1959, and marked a third successive victory for the ruling Conservative party, led by Harold MacMillan. ... The United Kingdom general election of 1964 result was a very slim majority for the Labour Party, of 4, and led to their first government since 1951. ... The UK general election in 1966 was called by Harold Wilson because his government, elected in the 1964 election, had an unworkably small majority. ... The United Kingdom general election of 1970 was held on June 18, 1970, and resulted in a surprise loss of power for Labour under Harold Wilson, who was replaced as Prime Minister by the Conservative leader, Edward Heath. ... The UK general election of February 1974 was held on February 28, 1974. ... The UK general election of October 1974 took place on October 10, 1974. ... The Labour Party is a centre-left or social democratic political party in Britain (see British politics), and one of the United Kingdoms three main political parties. ... The Scottish referendum of 1979 was a post-legislative referendum held in Scotland only, over whether there was support for Scotland Act 1978, which if passed would have created an assembly for Scotland. ... The United Kingdom general election of 1979 was held on 3 May 1979 and is regarded as a pivotal point in 20th century British politics. ... The European Parliament Election, 1979 was the first European election to be held in the United Kingdom after the European Community decided to directly elect representatives to the European Parliament. ... The UK general election, 1983 was held on June 9, 1983 and gave the Conservatives and Margaret Thatcher the most decisive election victory since that of Labour in 1945. ... The European Parliament Election, 1984 was the second European election to be held in the United Kingdom. ... Margaret Thatcher David Steel Election 1987 Titles The United Kingdom general election of 1987 was held on 11 June 1987 and was the third consecutive victory for the Conservative Party under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher. ... The European Parliament Election, 1989 was the third European election to be held in the United Kingdom. ... The United Kingdom general election of 1992 was held on 9 April 1992, and was the fourth consecutive victory for the Conservative Party. ... The European Parliament Election, 1994 was the fourth European election to be held in the United Kingdom. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... The UK general election, 1997 was held on 1 May 1997. ... The Scottish parliamentary election, 1999 was the first general election of the Scottish Parliament, with voting taking place on May 6, 1999. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... The Parliamentary Opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, is a liberal political party in the United Kingdom formed in 1988 by the merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party; the two parties had already been in an alliance for seven years prior to this, since not long... The European Parliament Election, 1999 was the UK part of the European Parliament election 1999. ... Tony Blair William Hague Charles Kennedy The UK general election, 2001 was held on 7 June 2001 and was dubbed the quiet landslide by the media. ... The Scottish parliamentary election, 2003, was the second general election of the Scottish Parliament. ... The European Parliament election, 2004 was the UK part of the European Parliament election, 2004. ... The United Kingdom general election of 2005 was held on Thursday, 5 May 2005. ... The third elections to the Scottish Parliament will be held in May, 2007. ... The logo of the Governemnt, incorporating the Saltire. ...

Criticism

The SNP have been charged with being "Anglophobic". In 2000, the Labour party said that two SNP members of the Scottish Parliament were anti-English after they "registered their support for Germany's (2006 Football World Cup) bid on its official website".[9] The SNP responded that they "have no position on where the World Cup is held" and that it was "silly to describe the website entry as anti-English".[10] This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


In 1999, the comedian Billy Connolly was quoted as saying, "the Scottish Parliament is a joke", and of the SNP, "it's entirely their fault, this new racism in Scotland, this anti-Englishness".[11] The SNP responded that Scots "are enthusiastic about the parliament and will dismiss his absurd remarks about the SNP for the nonsense they are."[12] Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Dr William Billy Connolly, CBE, (born 24 November 1942) is a Scottish comedian, musician, presenter, and actor. ...


Prominent figures in Scottish politics such as Labour's George Foulkes, Baron Foulkes of Cumnock and the Liberal Democrats' Jamie Stone and subsequently Danny Alexander have publicly apologised for calling the SNP "xenophobic".[13] SNP MSP Ian McKee has by contrast pointed out his own status in the Scottish Parliament chamber as an Englishman[14] as evidence of there being no such anti-English feeling. George Foulkes For the US politician from Michigan, see George Ernest Foulkes. ... Jamie Stone (born 16 June 1954) is a Scottish Liberal Democrat politician, and Member of the Scottish Parliament for Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross. ... Daniel Grian Alexander (born 15 May 1972) is a politician in the United Kingdom and Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey. ... Ian McKee is a Scottish National Party politican, and Member of the Scottish Parliament for Lothians region. ...


The party has been criticised over a £500,000 donation from the transport businessman Brian Souter. One month later, in April 2007, the SNP's commitment (made at the party's 2006 conference) to re-regulate the bus network was not included in their 2007 manifesto, although the SNP denies any direct link.[15]. Opposition politicians suggested that the donation and policy shift were linked and that it was a case of "cash for policies". [16] Brian Souter (born 1954 in Perth, Scotland), is a businessman and vile piece of scum, who was the co-founder of the Stagecoach Group, along with his sister, Ann Gloag. ...


Brian Souter went on to make a further donation of £125,000 to the SNP, making him their single biggest donor [17]. Souter made approaches to the SNP government for a £3 million subsidy for his company, Stagecoach, to develop a hovercraft service between Kirkcaldy and Portobello in Scotland[18]. The service had already received subsidy from the previous Labour administration for the pilot scheme, but was put on hold pending "clarification" of the public sector's involvement[19]. Brian Souter (born 1954 in Perth, Scotland), is a businessman and vile piece of scum, who was the co-founder of the Stagecoach Group, along with his sister, Ann Gloag. ... Stagecoach Group plc (LSE: SGC) is a leading international transport group operating bus, train, tram, express coach and ferry operations. ...


References

  1. ^ About SNP — SNP - Scottish National Party
  2. ^ Independence — SNP - Scottish National Party
  3. ^ BBC NEWS | UK | Scotland | SNP begins coalition discussions
  4. ^ electoralcommission.org.uk
  5. ^ Stagecoach tycoon donates to SNP
  6. ^ "SNP Press Release 2007-01-01"
  7. ^ "Labour turmoil as Scots back independence", The Sunday Times - Scotland, 10 September, 2006
  8. ^ YouGov / Sunday Times (Scotland) Survey Results, YouGov plc
  9. ^ SNP's German support condemned
  10. ^ SNP's German support condemned
  11. ^ UK Scots 'anti-English' - survey
  12. ^ UK Scots 'anti-English' - survey
  13. ^ http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/index.cfm?id=265512007
  14. ^ The Scottish Parliament - Official Report
  15. ^ SNP under attack after bus U-turn
  16. ^ SNP accused of dumping bus plan to please millionaire backer
  17. ^ SNP faces hovercraft dust-up
  18. ^ SNP donor in £3.3m hovercraft subsidy plea
  19. ^ BBC NEWS | Scotland | Edinburgh, East and Fife | Row over Forth hovercraft freeze

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ... YouGov is a British Internet-based opinion pollster. ...

Further reading

  • SNP:The History of the Scottish National Party, by Peter Lynch, 2002
  • The Flag in the Wind, by John MacCormick, 1955
  • Scotland Lives: the Quest for Independence, by Billy Wolfe, 1973
  • Scotland: the Case for Optimism, by Jim Sillars, 1985
  • Stop the World; The Autobiography of Winnie Ewing, 2004

John MacDonald MacCormick, 1904 - 1961, lawyer and Scottish Nationalist. ... William Wolfe, Convenor of the Scottish National Party William Wolfe (more commonly referred to as Billy Wolfe) is a former leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP). ... Jim Sillars was born on 4 October 1937 in Ayrshire, Scotland. ... Winnie Ewing (born July 10, 1929) is a prominent Scottish nationalist and was formerly a Member of Parliament (MP), Member of the European Parliament (MEP) and Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP). ...

See also

This is a list of Scottish National Party MPs. ... Its Scotlands oil was a widely publicised political slogan used by the Scottish National Party (SNP) during the 1970s in making their economic case for Scottish independence. ... Robert Bontine Cunninghame-Graham was born Robert Bontine, on May 24, 1852. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930) is a Academy Award, Golden Globe, and BAFTA Award-winning Scottish actor and producer who is perhaps best known as the first actor to portray James Bond in cinema, starring in seven Bond films. ... Scottish independence is a political ambition of a number of political parties, pressure groups and individuals within and outside of Scotland. ... Logo of the Scottish Independence Party The Scottish Independence Party (SIP) is a Scottish political party, which was formed prior to the Scottish Parliamentary Election, 2003. ... The Scottish Socialist Party (SSP) (Scottish Gaelic: ) is a radical left-wing Scottish political party which campaigns on a socialist economic platform and for Scottish independence. ...

External links


 
 

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