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Encyclopedia > Scottish Executive
The Executive's logo, shown with English and Scottish Gaelic caption

The term Scottish Executive is used in two different, but closely-related senses: to denote the executive arm of Scotland's national legislature (i.e. the government), but also, somewhat confusingly, to denote the civil service supporting that executive. Image File history File links Logo of the Scottish Executive. ... Image File history File links Logo of the Scottish Executive. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... A civil servant or public servant is a civilian career public sector employee working for a government department or agency. ...

Contents


Executive arm of the Scottish Parliament

Politics - Politics portal
Scotland

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Scotland
Politics, sometimes defined as the art and science of government[1], is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Image File history File links Arms_Scot_Exec. ... Scotland is one of the four constituent nations of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ...

Scots law Scots law (or Scottish law) is the law of Scotland. ...

Scottish Parliament For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ...

Presiding Officer
Members (MSPs)
Constituencies

Scottish Executive The Presiding Officer (Oifigear-Riaghlaidh in Scots Gaelic) is the person elected by the Members of the Scottish Parliament to chair their meetings. ... Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) is the title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament. ... The Scottish Parliament (Holyrood) has 73 constituencies, each electing one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the first past the post system of election, and eight additional member regions, each electing seven additional member MSPs. ...

First Minister
Crown Office
Lord Advocate
Solicitor General

Local government The First Minister (First Meinister in Scots; Prìomh Mhinistear in Scots Gaelic) is the leader of Scotlands national devolved government, the Scottish Executive, which was established in 1999 along with the reconvened Scottish Parliament. ... The Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service is a government department in Scotland that is responsible for the public prosecution of alleged criminals. ... Her Majestys Advocate, known as the Lord Advocate (Morair Tagraidh in Scots Gaelic), was the chief legal adviser of the United Kingdom Government and the Crown in Scotland for both civil and criminal matters until the passing of the Scotland Act 1998. ... Her Majestys Solicitor General for Scotland (Àrd-neach-lagha a Chrùin an Alba) is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, and the deputy of the Lord Advocate, whose duty is to advise the Crown and the Scottish Executive on Scots Law. ... The local government of Scotland is organised into 32 unitary authorities covering the mainland and islands of Scotland. ...

Subdivisions of Scotland

Elections
Political parties For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as Council Areas which are all governed by unitary authorities designated as Councils. They have been in use since April 1, 1996, under the provisions of the Local Government etc. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Parties represented in the Scottish Parliament (in order of number of representatives): Labour Party - Centre-left, unionist - 50 MSPs Scottish National Party (SNP) - Centre-left, pro-independence- 27 MSPs Conservative and Unionist Party - Centre-right, unionist - 18 MSPs Liberal Democrats - Centre, federalist - 17 MSPs Scottish Green Party - Environmentalist, pro-independence...

UK Parliament: The Houses of Parliament, seen over Westminster Bridge The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ...

Reserved matters
Scotland Office
Secretary of State for Scotland
Advocate General
See also: History of Scotland

edit In the United Kingdom reserved matters, also referred to as reserved powers, are those subjects over which power to legislate is retained by Westminster, as stated by the Scotland Act 1998, Northern Ireland Act 1998 or Government of Wales Act 1998. ... The Scotland Office (Oifis na h-Alba in Scottish Gaelic) is a department of the United Kingdom government, responsible for reserved Scottish affairs. ... The Secretary of State for Scotland (Rùnaire Stàite na h-Alba in Scottish Gaelic) is the chief minister in the government of the United Kingdom with responsibilites for Scotland, at the head of the Scotland Office (formerly The Scottish Office). ... Her Majestys Advocate General for Scotland is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, whose duty is to advise the Crown and Government on the law. ... Stirling Castle has stood for centuries atop a volcanic crag defending the lowest ford of the River Forth. ...

The Scottish Executive (Scottish Gaelic: Riaghaltas na h-Alba), as established by the Scotland Act 1998 is the executive arm of the Scottish Parliament, in other words the Scottish Government, a term used both by members of the Scottish Executive and by others (more details below). It consists of a First Minister, who leads the executive, and various ministers with individual portfolios and remits. The Scottish Parliament elects the First Minister and Executive, although any party/parties that can form a majority select the First Minister, who chooses the other members thereafter. Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... The Scotland Act 1998 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom at Westminster. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... The First Minister (First Meinister in Scots; Prìomh Mhinistear in Scots Gaelic) is the leader of Scotlands national devolved government, the Scottish Executive, which was established in 1999 along with the reconvened Scottish Parliament. ... // Finance Main article portfolio (finance) In finance, a portfolio is a collection of investments held by an institution or a private individual. ...


Similar to the UK-wide form of government there is no division between executive and legislature, with the members of the Scottish Executive being chosen from amongst the Members of the Scottish Parliament (except for the Lord Advocate and Solicitor General for Scotland, who need not be MSPs). The members of the Scottish Executive are assisted by a number of junior Scottish Ministers, also chosen from amongst the Members of the Parliament. The members of the Executive are therefore able to influence, and in practice dictate legislation in Scotland. Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) is the title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament. ... Her Majestys Advocate, known as the Lord Advocate (Morair Tagraidh in Scots Gaelic), was the chief legal adviser of the United Kingdom Government and the Crown in Scotland for both civil and criminal matters until the passing of the Scotland Act 1998. ... Her Majestys Solicitor General for Scotland (Àrd-neach-lagha a Chrùin an Alba) is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, and the deputy of the Lord Advocate, whose duty is to advise the Crown and the Scottish Executive on Scots Law. ...


The Scottish Executive is currently formed from a coalition between the Labour Party and the Scottish Liberal Democrats. The current First Minister is Jack McConnell. A coalition is an alliance between entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ... The Labour Party has since its formation in the early 20th century been the principal left wing political party in the United Kingdom (see British politics). ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... Jack McConnell The Right Honourable Jack Wilson McConnell MSP (born June 30, 1960 in Irvine, North Ayrshire) is a Scottish politician, leader of the Labour Party in Scotland and the current First Minister of Scotland. ...


Ministers

The current Ministers are:

For previous holders of Ministerial office, see List of Scottish Executive Ministerial Teams. The First Minister (First Meinister in Scots; Prìomh Mhinistear in Scots Gaelic) is the leader of Scotlands national devolved government, the Scottish Executive, which was established in 1999 along with the reconvened Scottish Parliament. ... Jack McConnell The Right Honourable Jack Wilson McConnell MSP (born June 30, 1960 in Irvine, North Ayrshire) is a Scottish politician, leader of the Labour Party in Scotland and the current First Minister of Scotland. ... The Deputy First Minister of Scotland is, as the name suggests, the Deputy to the First Minister of Scotland. ... Nicol Stephen (born 23 March 1960) is Deputy First Minister of Scotland, leader of the Scottish Liberal Democrats, and a Member of the Scottish Parliament for Aberdeen South. ... The Minister for Justice is the head of the Scottish Executive Justice Department and is a cabinet position in the devolved Government of Scotland. ... Cathy Jamieson, (Born 3 November 1956) is a Labour Member of the Scottish Parliament and has been the representative for Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley since 1999. ... Andy Kerr (born 17 March 1962) is a Labour Member of the Scottish Parliament for East Kilbride, a seat which he has held since 1999. ... Peter Peacock, (Born 27 May 1952) has been a Labour regional list Member of the Scottish Parliament for Highlands and Islands since 1999. ... Tom McCabe (born 28 April 1954) is a Labour Member of the Scottish Parliament for Hamilton South, a seat which he has held since 1999. ... Ross Finnie, born 11 February 1947 in Greenock, is a Scottish Liberal Democrat politician, member of the Scottish Parliament for the West of Scotland Region, and Minister of Environment and Rural Development. ... Malcolm Chisholm (born 7 March 1949) is a Scottish politician, and Minister for Health and Community Care in the Scottish Executive. ... Margaret Curran (b. ... Patricia Ferguson (born 24 September 1958) is a Labour Member of the Scottish Parliament for Glasgow Maryhill, a seat which she has held since 1999. ... Tavish Scott (born 6 May 1966) is a Scottish Liberal Democrat politician, and Member of the Scottish Parliament for Shetland, and Minister for Transport. ... Her Majestys Advocate, known as the Lord Advocate (Morair Tagraidh in Scots Gaelic), was the chief legal adviser of the United Kingdom Government and the Crown in Scotland for both civil and criminal matters until the passing of the Scotland Act 1998. ... The Rt Hon Colin Boyd QC (b. ... Her Majestys Solicitor General for Scotland (Àrd-neach-lagha a Chrùin an Alba) is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, and the deputy of the Lord Advocate, whose duty is to advise the Crown and the Scottish Executive on Scots Law. ... Elish Angiolini (b. ... Allan Wilson (born 5 August 1954) is a Labour Member of the Scottish Parliament for Cunninghame North, a seat which she has held since 1999. ... Hugh Henry, (b. ... Lewis Macdonald (born 1 January 1957, Stornoway) is a Scottish Labour politician, and Member of the Scottish Parliament for Aberdeen Central constituency since 1999. ... Robert E. Brown (born December 25, 1947) is a Scottish Liberal Democrat politician, Member of the Scottish Parliament for Glasgow Region, Deputy Minister for Education and Young People, and a lawyer. ... George Lyon (born 16 July 1956 in Rothesay) is a Scottish Liberal Democrat politician, and Member of the Scottish Parliament for Argyll and Bute, and Deputy Minister for Finance, Public Service Reform and Parliamentary Business. ... Rhona Brankin, (born 19 January 1950), was first elected to represent Midlothian, Scotland in the Scottish Parliament in 1999 and was re-elected in 2003. ... Johann Lamont is a Labour member of the Scottish Parliament. ... George Lyon (born 16 July 1956 in Rothesay) is a Scottish Liberal Democrat politician, and Member of the Scottish Parliament for Argyll and Bute, and Deputy Minister for Finance, Public Service Reform and Parliamentary Business. ... Dewar Government Donald Dewar, Scotlands first First Minister, obtained the Scottish Parliaments approval to the first slate of members of the Scottish Executive and Junior Scottish Ministers on 19 May 1999. ...


United Kingdom Civil Service in Scotland

The term Scottish Executive is also used to describe the British civil service, as deployed in Scotland (formerly called the Scottish Office). This includes several thousand civil servants. The civil servants who work in the Executive are part of the United Kingdom civil service and work within the rules and customs of that civil service, but owe their day-to-day allegiance to the Scottish Ministers[citation needed]. A civil servant or public servant is a civilian career public sector employee working for a government department or agency. ... Categories: Stub | Scotland | Departments of the United Kingdom Government ... In UK politics, the civil service of the United Kingdom is the permanent bureaucracy that administers the United Kingdom. ...


The Scottish Executive is divided into a number of departments:

The Scottish Executive also includes a number of agencies and oversees the work of a large number of Scottish public bodies. In the United Kingdom, the non-political civil service head of a government department, as distinct from the political Secretary of State to whom he or she reports. ... The Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs Department (SEERAD) is a department of the Scottish Executive. ... The Scottish Executive includes a number of agencies, as set out below- Accountant in Bankruptcy Communities Scotland Fisheries Research Service Historic Scotland Her Majestys Inspectorate of Education National Archives of Scotland Registers of Scotland Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator (OSCR) Scottish Building Standards Agency Scottish Court Service Scottish... // Executive Bodies The Scottish Executive is responsible for the following Executive NDPBs: Accounts Commission for Scotland Bòrd Gàidhlig na h-Alba Cairngorms National Park Authority Crofters Commission Deer Commission for Scotland Highlands & Islands Enterprise Learning & Teaching Scotland National Galleries of Scotland National Library of Scotland National Museums of...


Permanent Secretary

The Permanent Secretary, who supports the First Minister, Cabinet and Scottish executive, is John Elvidge (since 2003). He is the senior civil servant in Scotland and is head of the management group of the Scottish Executive and of the Scottish Office of the Permanent Secretary (OPS). In the United Kingdom, the non-political civil service head of a government department, as distinct from the political Secretary of State to whom he or she reports. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Like other permanent secretaries, he is a United Kingdom civil servant and is answerable to the Cabinet Secretary for his professional conduct. He thus has some measure of independence from Scottish ministers, although his primary duty is to execute their instructions, just as other permanent secretaries execute the instructions of United Kingdom ministers. In the British Government, the Cabinet Secretary, or more formally Secretary of the Cabinet, is the senior civil servant in charge of the Cabinet Office, a department that provides administrative support to the Prime Minister, the Cabinet, and the government as a whole. ...


Arms

The arms of the Scottish Executive
The arms of the Scottish Executive

The Coat of Arms of the Scottish Executive was adapted from the Royal Arms, but without the motto, the helm, the mantling, the crest, the war-cry above the crest, and the flags of Scotland and of England carried by the supporters. Note also that in the design of the above Arms of the Scottish Executive, both supporters are crowned with the Crown of Scotland, whereas in the Royal Arms, the Scottish unicorn is crowned with the Scottish Crown, and the English Lion is crowned with the British Imperial State Crown Image File history File links Arms_Scot_Exec. ... Image File history File links Arms_Scot_Exec. ... The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom for general purpose. ... A motto is a phrase or a short list of words meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group or organization. ... A helm can mean: The steering mechanism of a vessel, from Old English helma, Proto-Germanic *khelman handle (c. ... In heraldry, mantling is drapery depicted tied to the helmet above the shield. ... In heraldry, a crest is a component of a coat of arms. ... The Saltire, the flag of Scotland, with an official Pantone 300 coloured field. ... The Flag of England The Flag of England is the cross of Saint George. ... In heraldry, supporters are figures placed on either side of the shield and depicted holding it up. ... Usually considered in the context of the applied arts, engineering, architecture, and other such creative endeavours, design is used as both a noun and a verb. ... The Crown of Scotland first worn by King James V in 1540. ... The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom for general purpose. ... The Imperial State Crown is one of the British Crown Jewels. ...


Names

In January 2001 the then Scottish First Minister the Rt Hon Henry McLeish suggested changing the official name from "Scottish Executive" to "Scottish Government". The reaction from the UK Government in London and from some Labour Party members and MPs within Scotland was hostile. story from Telegraph 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The term First Minister refers to the leader of a cabinet United Kingdom In the United Kingdom, the term First Minister was once used interchangeably with Prime Minister, as in Winston Churchills famous line: I did not become Her Majestys First Minister so that I might oversee the... The Right Honourable Henry McLeish (born June 15, 1948) is a Scottish politician. ... The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a democratic constitutional monarchy. ... This article is about the British city. ... The name Labour Party or Labor Party is used by several political parties around the world. ... The three letter acronym MPS can refer to: Memory Pool System, a computer memory management system Marginal propensity to save, the rate at which a population saves money Moruya Public School, a small primary school in Moruya, NSW Australia Milwaukee Public Schools, the largest public education district in the State... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ...


Any change in formal title would require amendment of the Scotland Act 1998. The Scotland Act 1998 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom at Westminster. ...


"Scottish Government" remains an unofficial term to describe the Scottish Executive. It has no special statutory meaning. A statute is a formal, written law of a country or state, written and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to then be ratified by the highest executive in the government, and finally published. ...


See also

Scotland is one of the four constituent nations of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ... The politics of the United Kingdom are based upon a unitary state and a constitutional monarchy. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Politics of Scotland. ...

External link

  • Scottish Executive website
Topics on Scotland
History Timeline | Prehistoric Scotland | Scotland in the High Middle Ages | Wars of Scottish Independence | Scottish Enlightenment | Colonisation | Acts of Union 1707 | Jacobitism | Highland Clearances | Lowland Clearances
Politics Political parties | Elections | Scottish Parliament | Scottish Executive | First Minister of Scotland | Secretary of State for Scotland | Scotland Office
Religion Church of Scotland | General Assembly | Roman Catholicism | Scottish Episcopal Church
Law Courts of Scotland | Lord President | Crown Office | Lord Advocate | Solicitor General | Procurator Fiscal
Geography Geology | Climate | Mountains and hills | Islands | Lochs
Economy Companies | Bank of Scotland | Royal Bank of Scotland | North Sea oil | Scotch whisky | Tourism | Harris Tweed
Demographics Scottish Gaelic language | Scots language | Scottish English | Highland English | Burghs
Culture Education | Hogmanay | Innovations & discoveries | Music | Sport
Symbols Flags (National Flag | Royal Standard) | Royal Arms) | Tartan | Bagpipes

  Results from FactBites:
 
Politics of Scotland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2405 words)
To replace the Scottish Office, the former UK government department who fought in Scotland's corner, a devolved administration called the Scottish Executive was established, with the First Minister of Scotland at its head.
The secretariat of the Executive is part of the UK Civil Service and the head of the Executive, the Permanent Secretary (presently John Elvidge), is the equivalent of the Permanent Secretary of a Whitehall department.
In order to facilitate this reduction in the number of MP's from Scottish constituencies, the necessary amendment to the Scotland Act 1998, was passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom as the Scottish Parliament (Constituencies) Act 2004.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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