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Encyclopedia > Scott Joplin
Scott Joplin
Scott Joplin

Scott Joplin (born between June 1867 and January 1868,[1] died April 1, 1917) was an American musician and composer of ragtime music. He remains the best-known ragtime figure and is regarded as one of the three most important composers of classic ragtime,[2] along with James Scott and Joseph Lamb. Scott Joplin This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years or less. ... Scott Joplin This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years or less. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Look up ragtime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Classic Rag (or classical ragtime) is a term used to describe the style of ragtime composition pioneered by Scott Joplin and the Missouri school of ragtime composers. ... James Scotts 1904 On the Pike, which refers to the midway of the St. ... Joseph F. Lamb (December 6, 1887 - 1960) was a noted USA composer of ragtime music. ...

Contents

Early years

Scott Joplin, the second of six children, was born in eastern Texas, near Linden,[3] to Florence Givins and Giles or Jiles Joplin. For many years, his birthdate was thought to be November 2, 1868; but research by ragtime historian Ed Berlin has revealed this as inaccurate.[citation needed] For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Linden is a city located in Cass County, Texas. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


After 1871, the Joplin family moved to Texarkana, Texas, and Scott's mother cleaned homes so Scott could have a place to practice his music. By 1882 his mother had purchased a piano. Showing musical ability at an early age, the young Joplin received free piano lessons from a German music teacher, Julius Weiss, who gave him a well rounded knowledge of classical music form, which would serve him well in later years and fuel his ambition to create a "classical" form of ragtime. At the 1893 World's Fair, in Chicago, Illinois, he heard the latest music, including the concert band of John Phillip Sousa, who played there daily. He would later further his musical education by attending George R. Smith College in Sedalia, Missouri, studying music theory, harmony, and composition. Water tower in Texarkana. ... One-third scale replica of Daniel Chester Frenchs Republic, which stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The Worlds Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893, to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... John Philip Sousa John Philip Sousa (November 6, 1854 - March 6, 1932), is probably the most famous marching band conductor (although his band rarely marched) and composer in history. ... Sedalia is a city located in Pettis County, Missouri, at the intersection of U.S. Highway 50 and U.S. Highway 65. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


By the late 1880s, Scott Joplin had left home to start a life of his own. He may have joined or formed various quartets and other musical groups and traveled around the Midwest to sing. In the Queen City Concert Band, he played second cornet. After organizing The Texas Medley Quartette, he helped them to sing their way to, and back from, Syracuse, New York. He was part of a minstrel troupe in Texarkana about 1891. In 1895, Joplin was in Syracuse, selling two songs, "Please Say You Will" and "A Picture of Her Face". This article is about the Midwestern region in the United States. ... Bâ™­ cornet The cornet is a brass instrument very similar to the trumpet, distinguished by its conical bore, compact shape, and mellower tone quality. ... Nickname: Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: , City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll (D) Area  - City 66. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses, see Texarkana (disambiguation). ...


Despite all his traveling, Joplin's home was in Sedalia, to which he moved in 1894, working as a pianist in the Maple Leaf and the Black 400, social clubs for "respectable [black] gentlemen". This is about the city in central Missouri; Sedalia is also a very small town in Colorado. ...


Success

By 1898 Joplin had sold six pieces for the piano. Of the six, only "Original Rags", a compilation of existing melodies that he wrote collaboratively, is a ragtime piece. The other five were "Please Say You Will", "A Picture of Her Face", two marches, and a waltz. A march, as a musical genre, is a piece of music with a strong regular rhythm which in origin was expressly written for marching to and most frequently performed by a military band. ... A waltz (German: , Italian: , French: , Spanish: , Catalan: ) is a ballroom and folk dance in   time, done primarily in closed position. ...


In 1899, Joplin sold what would become one of his most famous pieces, "Maple Leaf Rag", to John Stark & Son, a Sedalia music publisher. Joplin received a one-cent royalty for each copy and ten free copies for his own use, as well as an advance. It has been estimated that Joplin made $360 per year on this piece in his lifetime. Second edition cover of Maple Leaf Rag, perhaps the most famous rag of all The Maple Leaf Rag (1897) is an early Ragtime composition for piano by Scott Joplin. ... John Stillwell Stark (April 11, 1841 - November 20, 1927) was a United States publisher of ragtime music. ... USD redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


"Maple Leaf Rag" boosted Joplin to the top of the list of ragtime performers and moved ragtime into prominence as a musical form.


With a growing national reputation based on the success of "Maple Leaf Rag", Joplin moved to St. Louis, Missouri, in early 1900 with his new wife, Belle. While living there, from 1900 to 1903, he produced some of his best-known works, "The Entertainer", "Elite Syncopations", "March Majestic", and "Ragtime Dance". Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Entertainer is a 1902 piano rag written by Scott Joplin and published by John Stark & Son. ...


Joplin married several times. Perhaps his dearest love, Freddie Alexander, died at age twenty, of complications resulting from a cold, two months after their wedding. Joplin's first work copyrighted after Freddie's death, "Bethena" (1905), is a very sad, musically complex ragtime waltz.


After months of faltering, Joplin continued writing and publishing. He was a best-selling composer of sheet music. With much hard work, he produced the award-winning opera Treemonisha. The score to an earlier ragtime opera by Joplin, A Guest of Honor, is lost. The cover of the original Treemonisha score. ...


Joplin as a performer

It's unclear today how advanced Joplin's skills as a pianist were. In 1898, a newspaper in Sedalia referred to him as "one of the best pianists in the world", and in 1911 a New York-based music magazine spoke in glowing terms of Joplin's 'musicianly way' of playing ragtime. However, in St. Louis, opinions differed. Arthur Marshall, a good friend and student of Joplin, said "he played slowly, but exceedingly good..had an execution that you would stand back and listen and wonder how he got to do that stuff". Joe Jordan, another famous ragtime musician, said that although he never played anything other than his own pieces, he did play them well. However, Jordan is also on record as describing Joplin's playing as reminding him of a "stationary Indian". Sam Patterson said Joplin "never played well" and Artie Matthews recalled the delight the Saint Louis players took in outplaying Joplin with his own music. John Stark's own son stated that Joplin was a rather mediocre pianist and that he composed on paper, rather than at the piano. One student of Joplin's recalled in later years he played slowly and methodically, and regularly reminded the student to place a strong accent on the first beat of each measure. Sedalia is a city located in Pettis County, Missouri, at the intersection of U.S. Highway 50 and U.S. Highway 65. ... This article is about the state. ... Nickname: Gateway City, Gateway to the West, or Mound City Motto: Official website: http://stlouis. ... Arthur Marshall (November 20, 1881 - August 18, 1968) was an African-American composer and performer of ragtime music. ... Artie Matthews (November 15, 1888 _ October 25, 1958) was a songwriter, pianist, and ragtime composer. ...


Researcher Edward Berlin theorizes that by the time Joplin reached St Louis, he was already beginning to suffer the physical effects of syphilis, which would take his life in 1917. One of the symptoms, which can manifest up to 20 years prior to death, is discoordination of the fingers. This may explain the differences in opinion of those observing Joplin's playing in the late 1890s and in the early 1910s. Syphilis is a curable sexually transmitted disease caused by the Treponema pallidum spirochete. ...


While Joplin never made an audio recording, he did record seven piano rolls in 1916; "Maple Leaf Rag" (for Connorized and Aeolian companies), "Something Doing," "Magnetic Rag," "Ole Miss Rag," "Weeping Willow Rag" and "Pleasant Moments - Ragtime Waltz" (all for Connorized). These are the only records of his playing we have, and are interesting for the embellishments added by Joplin to his Connorized performances, although studying other Connorized rolls of that era reveals they may well have been added during the production process by staff artists, rather than Joplin himself. The roll of "Pleasant Moments" was thought lost until August 2006, when a piano roll collector in New Zealand discovered a surviving copy. It has been claimed that the uneven nature of some of Joplin's piano rolls, such as one of the recordings of "Maple Leaf Rag" mentioned above, documented the extent of Joplin's physical deterioration due to syphilis. A comparison of the two "Maple Leaf Rag" player-piano rolls made by Joplin in 1916, one in April the other in June, has been described as "... shocking. The second version is disorganized and completely distressing to hear."[4] While the irregularities may also be due to the primitive technology used to record the rolls, rolls recorded by other artists for the same company around the same time are noticeably smoother. It has been suggested that Music roll be merged into this article or section. ...


Illness

Joplin wanted to experiment further with compositions like Treemonisha, but by 1916 he was suffering from the effects of terminal syphilis. He suffered later from dementia, paranoia, paralysis and other symptoms. For other uses, see Dementia (disambiguation). ... For other senses of this word, see paranoia (disambiguation). ... Paralysed redirects here. ...


In mid-January 1917 Joplin was hospitalized at Manhattan State Hospital in New York City, and friends recounted that he would have bursts of lucidity in which he would jot down lines of music hurriedly before relapsing. Joplin died there on April 1, 1917. Joplin was 49 or 50 years of age (his exact birthdate is unknown). Manhattan State Hospital on Wards Island in New York City was opened in 1899 when The New York State Department of Mental Hygiene took over the immigration and asylum buildings after the opening of Ellis Island. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ...


Joplin's death did not make the headlines for two reasons: Ragtime was quickly losing ground to jazz and the United States would enter World War I within days. He was buried in St. Michael's Cemetery in the Astoria section of Queens. For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Aerial view of the Triborough Bridge (left) and the Hell Gate Bridge (right) spanning Astoria Park and the Astoria Pool Astoria is a neighborhood in the northwestern corner of the borough of Queens in New York City. ... For other uses, see Queens (disambiguation) and Queen. ...


Joplin's musical papers, including unpublished manuscripts, were willed to Joplin's friend and the executor of his will, musician and composer Wilber Sweatman. Sweatman took care of these papers and generously shared access to them to those who inquired. However, these were unfortunately few, since Joplin's music had come to be considered passé. After Sweatman's death in 1961 the papers were last known to go into storage during a legal battle among Sweatman's heirs; their current location is not known, nor even if they still exist. Wilbur C. Sweatman (Brunswick, Missouri, February 7, 1882 - New York City March 9, 1961) was an African-American ragtime and jazz composer, bandleader, and clarinetist. ...


There was, however, an important find in 1971: a piano roll of the lost "Silver Swan Rag,"[5] manufactured sometime around 1914. It had not been published in sheet-music form in Joplin's lifetime. Before this, his only posthumously published piece had been "Reflection Rag," published by Stark in 1917 from an older manuscript he'd kept back. Almost all Joplin scholars agree that the piece is a genuine Joplin composition. It has been suggested that Music roll be merged into this article or section. ...


Legacy and revival

After his death, Joplin's music and ragtime in general waned in popularity as new forms of musical styles, such as jazz and novelty piano, emerged. However, a number of revivals of ragtime have occurred since. Look up ragtime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... The sheet music for Dizzy Fingers by Zez Confrey, one of the most popular of the novelty piano composers. ...


In the early 1940s, many jazz bands began to include ragtime in their repertoire and released ragtime recordings on 78 RPM records. In 1970, Joshua Rifkin released a Grammy nominated recording of Joplin's rags on the classical label Nonesuch.[6] In 1972, Joplin's opera Treemonisha was finally staged at Morehouse College in Atlanta. Marvin Hamlisch's adaptation of the Joplin rag "The Entertainer," featured in the Oscar-winning film The Sting, reached #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 music chart in 1974. Ironically, Hamlisch's slightly-abbreviated arrangements and performances of Joplin's rags for The Sting, were anachronistic, as the film was set in the 1930s, well past the peak of the ragtime era. Joshua Rifkin (born April 22, 1944 in New York) is an American conductor and musicologist. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the 2000s . ... Nonesuch Records is currently allied with Warner Bros. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... The cover of the original Treemonisha score. ... Morehouse College is a private, four-year, all-male, historically black liberal arts college in Atlanta, Georgia. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... Marvin Hamlisch (born June 2, 1944) is an American composer. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... This article is about the 1973 film involving con artists. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ...


In 1974, Kenneth MacMillan created a ballet for the Royal Ballet, Elite Syncopations, based on tunes by Joplin, Max Morath and others. It is still performed occasionally. The same year saw the premiere by the Los Angeles Ballet of Red Back Book, choreographed by John Clifford to orchestrated Joplin rags from the collection of the same name, as well as to solo piano works of the composer. For this production, music director Clyde Allen orchestrated the previously unorchestrated "Antoinette."


Scott Joplin was awarded a posthumous Pulitzer Prize in 1976 for his special contribution to American music.[7] He also has a star on the St. Louis Walk of Fame. Motown Productions produced a Scott Joplin biographical film starring Billy Dee Williams as Joplin, which was released by Universal Pictures in 1977. The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The St. ... Motown Record Company, L.P., also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label specializing in the musical genres of R&B, pop, soul music, and hip-hop music. ... Poster for Man on the Moon (1999), a biopic A biographical picture— often shortened to biopic— is a film that dramatizes the life of an actual person or people. ... Billy Dee Williams (born April 6, 1937) is an American actor who for a period in the 1970s rivaled Sidney Poitier as the most popular black actor in American film. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ...


In 1983, the United States Postal Service issued a stamp of the composer as part of its Black Heritage commemorative series. USPS and Usps redirect here. ...


A Scott Joplin festival takes place each spring in Sedalia. Ragtime players from around the globe perform at numerous locations throughout the town. At the site of the Maple Leaf club, which is now a parking lot, everyone who would like to can sign up to take a turn playing. This is about the city in central Missouri; Sedalia is also a very small town in Colorado. ...


Joplin's music

Even at the time of publication, Joplin's publisher John Stark was claiming that the rags had obtained classical status, and "lifted ragtime from its low estate and lined it up with Beethoven and Bach".[8]. Later critics also saw merit in Joplin's compositions: John Stillwell Stark (April 11, 1841 - November 20, 1927) was a United States publisher of ragtime music. ...

He combined the traditions of Afro-American music folk music with nineteenth-century European romanticism; he collected the black Midwestern Folk rag ideas as raw material for the creation of original strains. Thus, his rags are the most heavily pentatonic, with liberal use of blue notes and other outstanding features that characterize black folk music. In this creative synthesis, . . . the traditional march became the dominant form, and the result was a new art form, the Classic rag – a unique conception which paradoxically both forged the way for early serious ragtime composition, and, at the same time, developed along insular lines, away from most other ragtime playing and composing.[9] Classic Rag (or classical ragtime) is a term used to describe the style of ragtime composition pioneered by Scott Joplin and the Missouri school of ragtime composers. ...

It is sometimes claimed that ragtime is one of the earliest form of jazz.[10] Although it may be a precursor, it lacks elements often cited as essential in jazz, namely improvisation and blue notes.[citation needed] Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ... In jazz and blues notes added to the major scale for expressive quality, loosely defined by musicians to be an alteration to a scale or chord that makes it sound like the blues. ...


A note on tempo

Joplin left little doubt as to how his compositions should be performed: as a precaution against the prevailing tendency of the day to up the tempo, he explicitly wrote in many of his scores that "ragtime should never be played fast." According to Joplin biographer Rudi Blesh,

Joplin's injunction needs to be read in the light of his time, when a whole school of "speed" players ... were ruining the fine rags. Most frequently felled by this quack-virtuoso musical mayhem was the Maple Leaf. Joplin's concept of "slow" was probably relative to the destructive prestos of his day.[11] Second edition cover of Maple Leaf Rag, perhaps the most famous rag of all The Maple Leaf Rag (1897) is an early Ragtime composition for piano by Scott Joplin. ...

Works by Scott Joplin

Inconsistencies exist between certain titles and subtitles, and their respective cover titles, possibly reflecting "an editorial casualness... the substitution of terms would also indicate that the designations: cakewalk, march, two-step, rag, and slow drag were interchangeable, inasmuch as they alluded to a genre of music in duple meter to which a variety of dance steps might be performed."[12]


There are also inconsistencies between the publishing date, and registering of copyright. In some instances, copyright notices were not registered. In all cases, musical compositions are listed by date of publication using their cover titles and subtitles[13].

  • "Please Say You Will" (1895)
  • "A Picture of Her Face" (1895)
  • "Great Crush Collision" – March (1896)
  • "Combination March" (1896)
  • "Harmony Club Waltz" (1896)
  • "Original Rags" (1899); arranged by Charles N. Daniels
  • "Maple Leaf Rag" (1899)
  • "Swipesy Cakewalk" (1900) – with Arthur Marshall
  • "Peacherine Rag" (1901)
  • "Sunflower Slow Drag" – A Rag Time Two Step (1901) – with Scott Hayden
  • "Augustan Club Waltz" (1901)
  • "The Easy Winners" – Ragtime Two Step (1901)
  • "Cleopha" – March and Two Step (1902)
  • "A Breeze From Alabama" – Ragtime Two Step (1902)
  • "Elite Syncopations" (1902)
  • "The Entertainer" – Ragtime Two Step (1902)
  • "I Am Thinking of My Pickanniny Days" (1902); lyrics by Henry Jackson
  • "March Majestic" (1902)
  • "The Strenuous Life" – Ragtime Two Step (1902)
  • "The Ragtime Dance" (1902); lyrics by Scott Joplin
  • "Something Doing" – Cake Walk March (1903) – with Scott Hayden
  • "Weeping Willow" – Ragtime Two Step (1903)
  • "Little Black Baby" (1903); lyrics by Louis Armstrong Bristol
  • "Palm Leaf Rag" – A Slow Drag (1903)
  • "The Sycamore" – A Concert Rag (1904)
  • "The Favourite" – Ragtime Two Step (1904)
  • "The Cascades" – A Rag (1904)
  • "The Chrysanthemum" – An Afro-Intermezzo (1904)
  • "Bethena" – A Concert Waltz (1905)
  • "Binks' Waltz" (1905)
  • "Sarah Dear" (1905); lyrics by Henry Jackson
  • "Rosebud" – Two Step (1905)
  • "Leola" – Two Step (1905)
  • "Eugenia" (1906)
  • "The Ragtime Dance" – A Stop-Time Two Step (1906)
  • "Antoinette" – March and Two Step (1906)
  • "Nonpareil (None to Equal) (1907)
  • "When Your Hair Is Like the Snow" (1907) lyrics by "Owen Spendthrift"
  • "Gladiolus Rag" (1907)
  • "Searchlight Rag" – A Syncopated March and Two Step (1907)
  • "Lily Queen" – Ragtime Two-Step (1907) – with Arthur Marshall
  • "Rose Leaf Rag" – Ragtime Two-Step (1907)
  • "Lily Queen" (1907) with Arthur Marshall
  • "Heliotrope Bouquet" – A Slow Drag Two-Step (1907) – with Louis Chauvin
  • "School of Ragtime" – 6 Exercises for Piano (1908)
  • "Fig Leaf Rag" (1908)
  • "Wall Street Rag" (1908)
  • "Sugar Cane" – Ragtime Classic Two Step (1908)
  • "Sensation" – A Rag (1908); by Joseph F. Lamb, arranged by Scott Joplin
  • "Pine Apple Rag" (1908)
  • "Pleasant Moments" – Ragtime Waltz (1909)
  • "Solace" – A Mexican Serenade (1909)
  • "Country Club" – Rag Time Two Step (1909)
  • "Euphonic Sounds" – A Syncopated Novelty (1909)
  • "Paragon Rag" – A Syncopated Novelty (1909)
  • "Stoptime Rag" (1910)
  • Treemonisha (1911)
  • "Felicity Rag" (1911) – with Scott Hayden
  • "Scott Joplin's New Rag" (1912)
  • "Kismet Rag" (1913) – with Scott Hayden
  • "Magnetic Rag" (1914)
  • "Reflection Rag" – Syncopated Musings (1917)
  • "Pretty Pansy Rag" ( c. 1915) ( unpublished and lost)''
  • "Recitative Rag" ( c. 1915?) (unpublished and lost)''
  • "Silver Swan Rag" (1971) (attributed to Scott Joplin)

Second edition cover of Maple Leaf Rag, perhaps the most famous rag of all The Maple Leaf Rag (1897) is an early Ragtime composition for piano by Scott Joplin. ... The Swipesy Cakewalk was a ragtime song composed in 1900 by a musical duo consisting of the notable ragetime master Scott Joplin and the young composer Arthur Marshall. ... Arthur Marshall (1910-1989) was a British writer and broadcaster, born in Surrey in the UK. Most known as a team-leader on the BBCs Call My Bluff. ... The Entertainer is a 1902 piano rag written by Scott Joplin and published by John Stark & Son. ... The cover of the original Treemonisha score. ...

Samples

Ogg is an open standard for a free container format for digital multimedia, unrestricted by software patents and designed for efficient streaming and manipulation. ... Vorbis is an open source, lossy audio codec project headed by the Xiph. ... Image File history File links Maple leaf rag. ... It has been suggested that Music roll be merged into this article or section. ...

Further reading

  • Edward A. Berlin, King of Ragtime: Scott Joplin and His Era (ISBN 0-19-510108-1) — the most authoritative book on Joplin's life.

References

  1. ^ A Biography of Scott Joplin. The Scott Joplin International Ragtime Foundation.
  2. ^ Ragtime. infoplease.com.
  3. ^ Texas Music History Online - Scott Joplin. Retrieved on 2006-11-22.
  4. ^ Rudi Blesh, p.xxxix, "Scott Joplin: Black-American Classicist", Introduction to Scott Joplin Complete Piano Works, New York Public Library, 1981
  5. ^ Silver Swan Rag (MIDI)
  6. ^ The Envelope Please - LA Times
  7. ^ Pulitzer Prizes for 1976.
  8. ^ (Stark ad, page 23, in Ragtime Review (Vol. 1, No. 2: January 1915), quoted in "Scott Joplin - The King of Ragtime Writers" by Ted Tjaden.
  9. ^ p83, David A. Jasen, and Trebor Jay Tichenor. Rags and Ragtime: A Musical History. New York, NY: Dover Publications, 1978
  10. ^ Infoplease.com
  11. ^ Rudi Blesh, pxxix, "Scott Joplin: Black-American Classicist", Introduction to Scott Joplin Complete Piano Works, New York Public Library, 1981
  12. ^ Vera Brodsky Lawrence, Editor's Note pix, Scott Joplin Complete Piano Works, New York Public Library, 1981.
  13. ^ Index p. 325, Scott Joplin Complete Piano Works, New York Public Library, 1981.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Public Library (NYPL) is one of the leading public libraries of the world and is one of Americas most significant research libraries. ...

External links

Recordings and sheet music


  Results from FactBites:
 
Biography & History of Scott Joplin (3346 words)
Among Joplin’s significant publications in St. Louis were Sunflower Slow Drag (a collaboration with Scott Hayden), Peacherine Rag, The Easy Winners (all in 1901); Cleopha, The Strenuous Life (a tribute to President Theodore Roosevelt), A Breeze from Alabama, Elite Syncopations, The Entertainer, and The Ragtime Dance (all in 1902).
During the next two years, Joplin composed several new rags and songs, a vaudeville act, a musical, a symphony, and a piano concerto, but none of these were published and the manuscripts have been lost.
Scott Joplin was the most sophisticated and tasteful ragtime composer of the era.
Scott Joplin - Search Results - MSN Encarta (257 words)
Joplin, Scott (1868-1917), American composer and pianist, one of the most important developers of ragtime music.
The Scott Joplin International Ragtime Foundation in Sedalia, Missouri, the Cradle of Ragtime.
Scott Joplin (born between June 1867 and January 1868 died April 1 1917) was a fl musician and composer of ragtime music.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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