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Encyclopedia > Scientific modeling

Scientific modeling is the process of generating abstract or conceptual models. Science offers nowadays a growing collection of methods, techniques and theory about all kinds of specialized scientific modeling. Some general theory about scientific modeling is offered by the philosophy of science, the systems theory and new fields like knowledge visualization. An abstract model (or conceptual model) is a theoretical construct that represents physical, biological or social processes, with a set of variables and a set of logical and quantitative relationships between them. ... Introduction The Baconian method is the investigative method developed by Francis Bacon. ... A technique is a way of efficiently accomplishing a task in a manner that is not immediately obvious or straightforward. ... Theory has a number of distinct meanings in different fields of knowledge, depending on the context and their methodologies. ... Model may refer to more than one thing : For models in society, art, fashion, and cosmetics, see; role model model (person) supermodel figure drawing modeling section In science and technology, a model (abstract) is understood as an abstract or theoretical representation of a phenomenon,see; geologic modeling model (economics) model... The philosophy of science is the branch of philosophy which studies the philosophical foundations, assumptions, and implications of science, including the natural sciences such as physics and biology, and the social sciences, such as psychology and economics. ... Systems theory or systemics is an interdisciplinary field which studies relationships of systems as a whole. ... Knowledge visualization is a young scientific discipline. ...

Contents


The process of generating a model

Modeling refers to the process of generating a model as a conceptual representation of some phenomenon. Typically a model will refer only to some aspects of the phenomenon in question, and two models of the same phenomenon may be essentially different, that is in which the difference is more than just a simple renaming. This may be due to differing requirements of the model's end users or to conceptual or esthetic differences by the modellers and decisions made during the modeling process. Esthetic considerations that may influence the structure of a model might be the modeller's preference for a reduced ontology, preferences regarding probabilistic models vis-a-vis deterministic ones, discrete vs continuous time etc. For this reason users of a model need to understand the model's original purpose and the assumptions of its validity. Models are basically known to generate creativity from chaos. An abstract model (or conceptual model) is a theoretical construct that represents physical, biological or social processes, with a set of variables and a set of logical and quantitative relationships between them. ... In mathematics, a group representation is a way of viewing a group in some more concrete way. ... The structure of a thing is how the parts of it relate to each other, how it is put together. This contrast with process, which is how the thing works; but process requires a viable structure. ...


Specialized forms of scientific modelling

Business Process Modeling (BPM) is an activity performed by business analysts within a company. ... Cartography or mapmaking (in Greek chartis = map and graphein = write) is the study and practice of making maps or globes. ... In information system design, data modeling is the analysis and design of the information in the system, concentrating on the logical entities and the logical dependencies between these entities. ... (Ecology is sometimes used incorrectly as a synonym for the natural environment. ... An environment is a complex of external factors. ... Geologic modeling is the applied science of creating computerized representations of portions of the Earths crust, especially oil and gas fields and groundwater aquifers. ... Hydrography focuses on the measurement of physical characteristics of waters and marginal land. ... Note: The term model is also given a formal meaning in model theory, a part of axiomatic set theory. ... Medicine on the Web Medical Alarm & Use Medical Marijuana NLM (National Library of Medicine, contains resources for patients and healthcare professionals) Virtual Hospital (digital health sciences library by the University of Iowa) Online Medical Information- medical news, links and resources. ... Molecular modelling is a collection of techniques to model or mimic the behaviour of molecules. ... Morphological analysis is a technique developed by Fritz Zwicky (1966, 1969) for exploring all the possible solutions to a multi-dimensional, non-quantified problem complex. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Political science is a social science discipline that deals with the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior. ... The term software modeling , see modeling, combines a range of software design methods and techniques, e. ... Statistics is a broad mathematical discipline which studies ways to collect, summarize and draw conclusions from data. ... In the mathematics of probability, a stochastic process is a random function. ... System Dynamics is one approach to modeling the dynamics of complex systems such as population, ecological and economic systems, which usually interact strongly with each other. ...

Literature about scientific modeling

Since the 1960s there is a strong growing amount of books and magazines about scientific modelling.


Organizations for scientific modeling

Nowadays there are some 40 magazines about scientific modeling which offer all kinds of international forums.


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Scientific modelling - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (334 words)
Scientific modelling is the process of generating abstract or conceptual models.
This may be due to differing requirements of the model's end users or to conceptual or esthetic differences by the modellers and decisions made during the modelling process.
Esthetic considerations that may influence the structure of a model might be the modeller's preference for a reduced ontology, preferences regarding probabilistic models vis-a-vis deterministic ones, discrete vs continuous time etc. For this reason users of a model need to understand the model's original purpose and the assumptions of its validity.
Chapter 1:   Introduction:   What is Scientific Inquiry? (2775 words)
One reason that a model is always simpler than the actual phenomenon observed is that scientific theories, laws and models are in fact simplifications and generalizations of the patterns observed in nature.
In this case, once your model for the cause of a rainbow is acceptable, you will be able to use it to tell someone the conditions of the sky and where to stand and in what orientation in order to see a rainbow.
The foundations of scientific inquiry in the physical sciences rest on developing the skills to pose a scientific question, to develop, to test and to apply a scientific model that adequately accounts for the observed phenomena.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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