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Encyclopedia > Science Bowl

Science Bowl is a high school academic competition, similar to Quiz Bowl, held in the United States. Two teams of four students each compete to answer various science-related questions. In order to determine which student has the right to answer the question, a buzzer system (or "lockout system") is used, similar to those seen on popular television game shows such as Jeopardy!. The National Science Bowl ("NSB") has been organized and sponsored by the United States Department of Energy since the competition's inception in 1991. High school - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Quizbowl (or Quiz-bowl or quiz bowl) is a family of games of questions and answers on all topics of human knowledge, commonly played in high school and college. ... The scope of this article is limited to the empirical sciences. ... A buzzer or a beeper is a signalling device, usually electronic, typically used in automobiles, household appliances such as a microwave oven, or game shows. ... A game show involves members of the public or celebrities, sometimes as part of a team, playing a game, perhaps involving answering quiz questions, for points or prizes. ... Jeopardy! is a very popular international television game show, originally devised by Merv Griffin, who also created Wheel of Fortune. ... The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. ...

Contents


Subject areas

Questions are asked in the categories entitled Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Earth Science, Mathematics, Astronomy, and General Science. General Science covers science-related items that don't fall under any specific type of science such as items common to all sciences. In late 2002, Computer Science was dropped as an official category; questions relating to computer science are now asked under either General Science or Math. The National Science Bowl organization recently announced the addition of a category for Current Events for the 2005 National Competition, though this category was not in use in the 2006 National Competition. Chemistry (derived from alchemy) is the science of matter at or near the atomic scale. ... Biology is the branch of science dealing with the study of life. ... Physics is the Science of Nature The word Physics comes from the Greek, φύσις (physis) which means nature (or from its adjective form φυσικός (physikos) meaning natural) The deepest visible-light image of the universe, the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. ... ... Euclid, detail from The School of Athens by Raphael. ... Radio telescopes are among many different tools used by astronomers Astronomy (Greek: αστρονομία = άστρον + νόμος, astronomia = astron + nomos, literally, law of the stars) is the science of celestial objects and phenomena that originate outside the Earths atmosphere, such as stars, planets, comets, auroras, galaxies, and the cosmic background radiation. ... Computer science is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ...


Regional competitions

Each year, in late April or early May, the National Science Bowl competition is held in Washington, DC. As of 2006, the competition has been hosted by the National 4-H Center in Chevy Chase, Maryland. 4-H is a youth organization in the United States administered by the Department of Agriculture Cooperative Extension System with the mission of empowering youth to reach their full potential, working and learning in partnership with caring adults. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The winning team of each regional Science Bowl competition is invited to participate in the National Science Bowl all expenses paid. There are a number of regional competitions all over the United States; the exact number changes from year to year. For example, in 2006 there were 65 regionals, while in 2004 there were 64 regionals, and in 2003 there were 66 regionals. These figures count as two separate regionals the few "superregional" sites that are permitted to send two teams to the national competition (e.g. the Kansas City/St. Louis regional competitions).


Typically, any high school that meets the eligibility rules of the National Science Bowl competition is permitted to register for any regional competition in the country, but no high school or student group may compete in multiple regionals. In addition, some regional competitions permit schools to register multiple teams. For example, Mission San Jose High School of Fremont, California has, for two years, sent teams to its regional competition that have placed 1st and 2nd. Teams comprised entirely of homeschooled students are also permitted to enter; a perennial qualifier to the national competition is the Edmond Home Cooperative from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Mission San Jose High School (MSJHS or just MSJ), one of five Fremont, California public high schools, was opened in 1964. ... Fremont (IPA: ) is a city in California which was incorporated on January 23, 1956, from the merger of five smaller communities: Centerville, Irvington, Mission San Jose, Niles, and Warm Springs. ... Thomas Edison attended compulsory school for only three months, after which he was taught at home by his mother and a tutor. ...


Rules

This section is concerned with the rules of the national competition. The rules of regional competitions vary greatly. There are very few prescribed rules for regional competitions. Some regionals are run nearly identically to the national competition, while others use variations of the rules or different methods of scoring.


General rules

A team consists of four or five students from a single high school (unless the team is comprised entirely of homeschooled students). Only four students play at any one time, while the fifth is designated as the "alternate." Substitutions may be made at halftime and between rounds.


Two teams compete against each other in each match. Each match has exactly 25 questions (that is, 25 toss-ups and 25 corresponding bonuses). The match is over when all the toss-up questions have been read, or after two halves have elapsed, whichever occurs first. The team with the most points at this time is the winner. The half length varies, even throughout the national tournament; this year, halves for the preliminary rounds and the first two rounds of the playoffs were 10 minutes long, and halves for the final four rounds were 11 minutes long (to account for the visual bonuses).


Toss-ups

Every match begins with a toss-up question. The moderator announces the subject of the question (see "Subject Areas" above), as well as its type (Multiple Choice or Short Answer). Once the moderator completes the reading of the question, students have five seconds to buzz in and give an answer. Students may buzz in at any time after the category has been read—there is no need to wait for the moderator to finish. However, there is a penalty for interrupting the moderator and giving an incorrect answer. Once a student from a team has buzzed in, that team may not buzz in again on that question. Conferring between members of a team is not allowed on toss-up questions; if conferring occurs on a question, the team is disallowed from answering that question. The rules regarding conferring are typically very strict: excessive noise, eye contact, or even noticeable shifts in position can be considered conferring, as they convey information to teammates.


An answer given by a student is ruled correct or incorrect by the moderator. On short answer questions, if the answer given differs from the official one, the moderator uses his or her judgment to make a ruling (which is subject to a challenge by the competitors). On multiple choice questions, the answer given by the student is only correct if it matches the official answer exactly. Alternatively, the student may give the letter choice that corresponds to the correct answer. Although A, B, C, and D were once used as answer choice letters, W, X, Y, and Z are now favored due to a lower chance of confusion.


The decision to require multiple-choice answers to be verbatim has been a controversial one, but experience has shown that it is the best way to avoid complicated disputes during matches.


Bonuses

If a student answers a toss-up question correctly, that student's team receives a bonus question. The bonus question is always in the same category as the corresponding toss-up question. Since only that team has the opportunity to answer the bonus question, there is no need to buzz in to answer it. After the moderator finishes reading the question, the team has 20 seconds to answer. Conferring between team members is permitted, but the designated team captain must give the team's final answer.


Beginning in 2006, visual bonuses are included during the final single-elimination rounds. The team has 30 seconds to answer a question with the aid of a visual displayed on a 19-inch monitor (for the third-place and first-place games) or on a distributed worksheet (for earlier playoff games).


The same rules apply to the judging of responses to bonus questions as apply to responses to toss-up questions. Once the team's answer has been ruled right or wrong, the moderator proceeds to the next toss-up question.


If neither team answers the toss-up question correctly, the bonus question is not read, and the moderator proceeds to the next toss-up question.


Scoring

The scoring at NSB is similar to scoring for Quiz Bowl, although with different numbers.


Correct responses to toss-up questions are worth 4 points each, and correct responses to bonus questions are worth 10 points each.


If a student buzzes in on a toss-up question before the moderator has completely read the question ("interrupting" the question) and responds incorrectly, then 4 points are awarded to the opposing team, and the question is re-read in its entirety so that the opposing team has an opportunity to buzz in.


Note the difference between interrupt scoring in Science Bowl and in Quiz Bowl: the interrupt penalty in Quiz Bowl is -5 to the interrupting team, while in Science Bowl it is +4 to the non-interrupting team.


Competition format

This section is concerned with the format of the national competition only. As is the case with competition rules, the competition format varies greatly among the different regional competitions.


The national competition always consists of two stages: round robin and double elimination.


Round-robin

All competing teams are randomly arranged into several round-robin groups of eight or nine teams each. Every team plays every other team in its group once, receiving 2 points for a win, 1 point for a tie, or 0 points for a loss. The top four teams from each group advance to the single elimination round. Round Robin = A sexual act between two partners. ...


Tiebreaks

In the event that two or more teams are tied for one of the top four spots in a round robin group, there are several tiebreak procedures, applied in the following order:

  1. The head-to-head record of all the tied teams is compared. The team(s) with the best record against the other tied teams win(s) the tiebreak.
  2. The team(s) with the fewest losses win(s) the tiebreak.
  3. The result of the Interactive Science Discovery (ISD) Activity is used. The ISD was a lab-based activity where four team members worked together to solve a challenge in 15 minutes using the materials provided.

In previous years, there was no ISD, so the following procedure was used in its place: ISD can mean: Independent School District Imperial Star Destroyer from Star Wars Information Services Department of the Hong Kong Government Instructional Systems Design Internal Security Department International Subscriber Dialling Inhibited sexual desire, a sexual dysfunction also known as frigidity. ...

  1. If more than two teams are still tied, each team is placed in a separate room and is read ten toss-up questions. Each team's score is determined by the number of questions answered correctly minus the number answered incorrectly. The team(s) with the highest score win(s) the tiebreak.
  2. If exactly two teams are still tied, the two teams compete head-to-head, receiving five toss-up questions (no bonus questions are used). All the usual toss-up rules are in effect, including the interrupt penalty. The team with the higher score wins the tiebreak.

If a tie still existed after this procedure, it is reapplied until the tie is resolved.


Single/Double elimination

Approximately 32 teams advance from the round robin (depending on the number of round robin groups). In 2004, exactly 16 teams advanced, while in 2003 and 2002, 18 teams advanced. In 2006, the teams were seeded based on their preliminary round-robin results. In previous years, a team's position in the draw was determined by random draw; teams were not seeded in any way. The competition then proceeds like a typical single-elimination tournament. Unlike in the round robin, a match in double elimination cannot be tied. If a match is tied at the end of regulation, overtime periods of five questions each are played until the tie is broken. A single-elimination tournament, also called a knockout or sudden death tournament, is a type of tournament where the loser of each match is immediately eliminated from winning the championship or first prize in the event. ...


The single elimination system produces a first-place, second-place, third-place and fourth-place team. Prior to the 2006 tournament, a double-elimination tournament format was used. This allowed a fifth place to be added. A double elimination bracket from the 2004 national Science Bowl A double-elimination tournament is a competition in which a participant ceases to be eligible to win the tournaments championship upon having lost two games or matches. ...


Sponsors

Several companies and organizations sponsor the National Science Bowl competition, the most prominent being the United States Department of Energy. Texas Instruments sponsors NSB and furnishes graphing calculators as prizes for the members of the top five teams. General Motors is also a regular sponsor of the event, and has in recent years sponsored the Hydrogen Fuel Cell Car competition held at NSB, where 16 teams compete to build the fastest or most powerful fuel cell-powered miniature car. IBM and Bechtel also sponsor the NSB. Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is a company based in Dallas, Texas, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... A fuel cell is an electrochemical device similar to a battery, but differing from the latter in that it is designed for continuous replenishment of the reactants consumed; i. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation). ... Bechtel Corporation (Bechtel Group) is the largest civil engineering company in the world. ...


Results of the national competition

The top four teams (out of 65) at the 2006 National Science Bowl were

  1. State College Area High School (State College, Pennsylvania)
  2. North Hollywood High School (North Hollywood, California)
  3. Santa Monica High School (Santa Monica, California)
  4. Albany High School (Albany, California)

The top five teams (out of 63) at the 2005 National Science Bowl were Downtown State College, during 2005 Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts State College, Pennsylvania, is a borough -- and more generally used, the borough and surrounding townships -- located in Centre County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Downtown State College, during 2005 Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts State College, Pennsylvania, is a borough -- and more generally used, the borough and surrounding townships -- located in Centre County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Aerial photograph of North Hollywood High School taken in 1927. ... North Hollywood is a district in the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, California. ... Santa Monica High School (SMHS), informally known as Samohi or just Samo, is a secondary school located in Santa Monica, California which was founded in 1884. ... Santa Monica Pier entrance Santa Monica pier Santa Monica is a coastal city in western Los Angeles County, California, USA. It borders Santa Monica Bay (part of the Pacific Ocean) on the west, Pacific Palisades and Brentwood on the north, West Los Angeles and Mar Vista on the east, and... For other schools of a similar name, go to Albany High School. ... The city of Albany highlighted within Alameda County Albany is a city located in Alameda County, California. ...

  1. Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology (Alexandria, Virginia)
  2. Mission San Jose High School (Fremont, California)
  3. George Walton Comprehensive High School (Marietta, Georgia)
  4. Miami Palmetto Senior High School (Pinecrest, Florida)
  5. Thomas S. Wootton High School (Rockville, Maryland)

The top five teams (out of 64) at the 2004 National Science Bowl were Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology (TJHSST, TJ, Jefferson) is a public magnet school in Fairfax County, Virginia, with a focus on science and mathematics. ... Map Political Statistics Founded 1718 County Independent city Mayor William D. Euille Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 39. ... Mission San Jose High School (MSJHS or just MSJ), one of five Fremont, California public high schools, was opened in 1964. ... Fremont (IPA: ) is a city in California which was incorporated on January 23, 1956, from the merger of five smaller communities: Centerville, Irvington, Mission San Jose, Niles, and Warm Springs. ... Located in Marietta, Georgia and housing a student body of around 2,500, George Walton Comprehensive High School has been recognized as one of the premier public high schools in the southeast for the last several years. ... Marietta is a city located in central Cobb County, GeorgiaGR6, and is its county seat. ... Miami Palmetto High School Miami Palmetto Senior High is a secondary school located at 7460 S.W. 118th Street in Pinecrest, Florida; its principal is Howard I. Weiner. ... External link: Official Municipal Government site Pinecrest is a village located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Thomas S. Wootton High School is a secondary school located in the city of Rockville, Maryland. ... Map Political Statistics Founded 1717 Incorporated 1860 County Montgomery County Mayor Larry Giammo Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 34. ...

  1. Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology (Alexandria, Virginia)
  2. A&M Consolidated High School (College Station, Texas)
  3. Baton Rouge Magnet High School (Baton Rouge, Louisiana)
  4. Montgomery Blair High School (Silver Spring, Maryland)
  5. North Hollywood High School (North Hollywood, California)

The full double elimination bracket from the 2004 competition is shown below. Note that the red numbers are not seed numbers, but match numbers to be used for reference in the bottom half of the bracket (the "loser's bracket"). Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology (TJHSST, TJ, Jefferson) is a public magnet school in Fairfax County, Virginia, with a focus on science and mathematics. ... Map Political Statistics Founded 1718 County Independent city Mayor William D. Euille Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 39. ... City nicknames: Aggieland, heart of the Research Valley Location in the State of Texas County Brazos County Mayor Ron Silvia Area  - Land  - Water 104. ... Baton Rouge Magnet High School (BRMHS) is a magnet high school located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. ... Motto: Authentic Louisiana at every turn Nickname: Red Stick Map Political Statistics Founded 1699 Incorporated 16 January 1817 Mayor Melvin Kip Holden Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 204. ... Montgomery Blair High School (most often simply known as Blair) is a public high school located in Silver Spring, Maryland, a suburb of Washington, DC. The school was named after Montgomery Blair, a lawyer who represented Dred Scott in his United States Supreme Court case, and served as Postmaster General... Silver Spring is an urbanized, but unincorporated area in Montgomery County, Maryland. ... Aerial photograph of North Hollywood High School taken in 1927. ... North Hollywood is a district in the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, California. ...

Example of a double elimination bracket

The top five teams (out of 66) at the 2003 National Science Bowl were Example of a 7-entry double elimination bracket File links The following pages link to this file: Science Bowl Bracket (tournament) Double-elimination tournament Categories: User-created public domain images ...

  1. Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology (Alexandria, Virginia)
  2. Centerville High School (Centerville, Ohio)
  3. A&M Consolidated High School (College Station, Texas)
  4. Taylor Allderdice High School (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
  5. Cincinnati Country Day School (Cincinnati, Ohio)

The top five teams (out of 64) at the 2002 National Science Bowl were Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology (TJHSST, TJ, Jefferson) is a public magnet school in Fairfax County, Virginia, with a focus on science and mathematics. ... Map Political Statistics Founded 1718 County Independent city Mayor William D. Euille Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 39. ... Centerville High School may refer to: Centerville High School (Centerville, Ohio), a high school in Ohio. ... Centerville is the name of some places in the U.S. state of Ohio: Centerville, Gallia County, Ohio Centerville, Montgomery County, Ohio This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... City nicknames: Aggieland, heart of the Research Valley Location in the State of Texas County Brazos County Mayor Ron Silvia Area  - Land  - Water 104. ... Taylor Allderdice High School is a public school located in the Squirrel Hill neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Pittsburgh is the second-largest city in Pennsylvania, United States. ... Cincinnati Country Day School (abbreviated CCDS) is a private school located at the highest point of Indian Hill, Ohio, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Nickname The Queen City Location Location in Hamilton County, Ohio Government Country State County United States Ohio Hamilton Mayor Mark L. Mallory (D) Geographical characteristics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 206. ...

  1. Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology (Alexandria, Virginia)
  2. Boulder High School (Boulder, Colorado)
  3. Mission San Jose High School (Fremont, California)
  4. Sycamore High School (Cincinnati, Ohio)
  5. Hanford High School (Richland, Washington)

The winning teams from the years 1991-2001 (number of teams participating in parantheses): Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology (TJHSST, TJ, Jefferson) is a public magnet school in Fairfax County, Virginia, with a focus on science and mathematics. ... Map Political Statistics Founded 1718 County Independent city Mayor William D. Euille Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 39. ... Boulder (, Mountain Time Zone) is a city located in Boulder County, Colorado, United States. ... Mission San Jose High School (MSJHS or just MSJ), one of five Fremont, California public high schools, was opened in 1964. ... Fremont (IPA: ) is a city in California which was incorporated on January 23, 1956, from the merger of five smaller communities: Centerville, Irvington, Mission San Jose, Niles, and Warm Springs. ... Nickname The Queen City Location Location in Hamilton County, Ohio Government Country State County United States Ohio Hamilton Mayor Mark L. Mallory (D) Geographical characteristics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 206. ... Hanford High School is located in Richland, Washington. ... Richland Police Station in foreground. ...

Aerial photograph of North Hollywood High School taken in 1927. ... North Hollywood is a district in the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, California. ... DuPont Manual High School is a secondary school located at 120 West Lee Street in the Old Louisville neighborhood of Louisville, Kentucky. ... Louisville redirects here; for other uses, see Louisville (disambiguation). ... Montgomery Blair High School (most often simply known as Blair) is a public high school located in Silver Spring, Maryland, a suburb of Washington, DC. The school was named after Montgomery Blair, a lawyer who represented Dred Scott in his United States Supreme Court case, and served as Postmaster General... Silver Spring is an urbanized, but unincorporated area in Montgomery County, Maryland. ... Valley is a high school located in west Des Moines, Iowa, United States. ... West Des Moines is a city located in Polk County, and partially in Dallas and Warren counties, in the state of Iowa. ... Venice High School is a public school located in Los Angeles, California within the Los Angeles Unified School District. ... Nickname: City of Angels Official website: http://www. ... Venice High School is a public school located in Los Angeles, California within the Los Angeles Unified School District. ... Nickname: City of Angels Official website: http://www. ... Van Nuys High School, established in 1914, is a high school in the Van Nuys area of Los Angeles, California, United States, belonging to the Los Angeles Unified School District. ... Van Nuys is a district within the city of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Motto: Dat Deus Incrementum The Royal College of St. ... Nickname: The Horizon City, Hotlanta, The Big Peach, A-Town, The ATL Official website: http://www. ... For other schools of a similar name, go to Albany High School. ... The city of Albany highlighted within Alameda County Albany is a city located in Alameda County, California. ... Lubbock High School (formerly known as Tom S. Lubbock High School and colloquially known as LHS) is a 5A high school in Lubbock, Texas. ... Nickname: Hub City Official website: www. ... Lubbock High School (formerly known as Tom S. Lubbock High School and colloquially known as LHS) is a 5A high school in Lubbock, Texas. ... Nickname: Hub City Official website: www. ...

See also

Quizbowl (or Quiz-bowl or quiz bowl) is a family of games of questions and answers on all topics of human knowledge, commonly played in high school and college. ... Science Bowl is a middle school academic competition, similar to Quiz Bowl, held in the United States. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Science Bowl - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2062 words)
Science Bowl is a high school academic competition, similar to Quiz Bowl, held in the United States.
The National Science Bowl organization recently announced the addition of a category for Current Events for the 2005 National Competition, though this category was not in use in the 2006 National Competition.
Note the difference between interrupt scoring in Science Bowl and in Quiz Bowl: the interrupt penalty in Quiz Bowl is -5 to the interrupting team, while in Science Bowl it is +4 to the non-interrupting team.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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