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Encyclopedia > Sciacca
Comune di Sciacca
Coat of arms of Comune di Sciacca
Municipal coat of arms
Country Flag of Italy Italy
Region Sicily
Province Agrigento (AG)
Mayor Mario Turturici (since June 28, 2004)
Elevation 60 m
Area 190 km²
Population
 - Total (as of March 12, 2007) 45,854
 - Density 212/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 37°31′N 13°05′E
Gentilic Saccensi
Dialing code 0925
Postal code 92019
Patron Maria SS. del Soccorso
 - Day February 2
Website: www.comune.sciacca.ag.it

Sciacca is a town in the province of Agrigento on the southern coast of Sicily. It has noteworthy views of the Mediterranean Sea. The luxury Verdura Golf & Spa Resort is located in the nearby village of Verdura. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... Agrigento (It. ... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ethnonym. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Agrigento (It. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Verdura is a village on the southern coast of the Italian island of Sicily, close to the town of Sciacca. ...

A view of Sciacca.
A view of Sciacca.

Contents

Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...

History

Sciacca was founded in the 5th century BCE by the Greeks as a thermal spa for Selinunte, whose citizens came there to bathe in the sulphurous springs of Mt. Cronio, which rises up behind the town. Sciacca itself owes its origins to the Saracens, who settled there in the 9th century. Although the origins of the town's name have been much debated, it is thought to have come from the Arabic word "xacca", meaning "water". The Saracens built the original walls and laid out the street grid, which was later expanded by the Normans. Throughout much of the Middle Ages, the town was at the center of a bloody feud between rival baronial families and, it was the citizenry that bore the brunt of the fighting; in less than 100 years over half the population was killed by one side or the other. (6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events Demotic becomes the dominant script of ancient Egypt Persians invade Greece twice (Persian Wars) Battle of Marathon (490) Battle of Salamis (480) Athenian empire formed and falls Peloponnesian War... Temple E, the so-called Temple of Hera, at Selinus Selinunte is an ancient Greek archaeological site situated on the south coast of Sicily between the valleys of the rivers Belice and Modione in the province of Trapani. ... In older Western historical literature, the Saracens were the people of the Saracen Empire, another name for the Arab Caliphate under the rule of the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Norman conquests in red. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


Main sights

Sciacca still retains much of its medieval layout, which divided the town into quarters, each laid out on a strip of rock descending toward the sea. Sciacca has several points of interest, including:

  • the Cathedral of Maria SS. del Soccorso (12th century, rebuilt in 1685)
  • the Castle of the Counts Luna. Of the Old Castle scarce remains can be still seen.
  • church of Santa Margherita
  • Chiesa del Carmine [Chiesa del Carmine Exterior:[1]]
  • Church of San Domenico (1176)
  • Church of San Michele (1371, rebuilt in the 17th century) [San Michele Exterior:[2]]
  • Church of Santa Maria delle Giummare
  • Palazzo Steripinto [Palazzo Steripinto Exterior:[3]]
  • Palazzo Tagliavia (1tth century), in Neo-Gothic style
  • Palazzo Perollo (15th century)

Culture

Sciacca's big festival is Carnevale, celebrated during the week before the beginning of Lent (February). The highlight of the festival is the parade of bizarre figures mounted on floats, famous throughout Italy for their gaudy expressions. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... In Western Christianity, Lent is the forty-day period (or season) preceding Easter lasting from Ash Wednesday to Holy Saturday (Easter Even). ...


Trivia

  • Jon Bon Jovi's family and Anthony Bruno's family came from Sciacca.

Jon Bon Jovi (born John Francis Bongiovi on March 2, 1962) is an American musician and actor who is the lead singer of the band Bon Jovi. ... Giovanni Antonio Medrano (born in Sciacca in 1703) was an Italian architect. ... Façade of Teatro San Carlo. ... Naples panorama. ...

External links

  • ItalianVisits.com
  • Guida di Sciacca (Italian)
  • Carnevale di Sciacca (Italian)
  • Foto Carnevale di Sciacca (Italian)
  • Travel itineraries in and around Sciacca. Sicily TravelNet



  Results from FactBites:
 
Sciacca - Best of Sicily (533 words)
Sciacca is a picturesque seaside town built on rocky heights that overlook the splendid beaches and the Mediterranean Sea midway between Marsala and Agrigento.
Sciacca became known as "Thermae Selinuntinas" during the Roman period and reached a level of importance when the Roman emperor Diocletian designated the town to be the center of the imperial courier service for Sicily.
Sciacca declined in importance after the ravages brought by the Germanic invasions, and didn't fare much better during the Byzantine period.
Sciacca travel guide - Wikitravel (215 words)
Sciacca is a small town of the south coast of Sicily, Italy, with remains of a city wall and a busy fishing port.
There are frequent buses from to Palermo and Agrigento (passing within 4km of Eraclea Minoa).
The ruins aren't as good as others, but the pine forest-backed beach is beautiful.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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