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Encyclopedia > Schweinfurt

Coordinates: 50°3′N 10°14′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Schweinfurt
Coat of arms of Schweinfurt Location of Schweinfurt in Germany

Country Germany
State Bavaria
Administrative region Unterfranken
District urban district
Population 54,273 (12/2005)
Area 35.71 km²
Population density 1,508 /km²
Elevation 213 m
Coordinates 50°3′ N 10°14′ E
Postal code 97401-97424
Area code 09721
Licence plate code SW
Mayor Gudrun Grieser (CSU)
Website schweinfurt.de

Schweinfurt is a city in the Unterfranken region of Bavaria in Germany on the right bank of the canalized Main, which is here spanned by several bridges, 27 km North-East of Würzburg. Image File history File links Schweinfurt_coat. ... Image File history File links Karte_Schweinfurt_Deutschland. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Unterfranken (Lower Franconia) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria (seven regions), Germany (32 regions). ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... see also Telephone numbering plan of Germany for further codes including service numbers, cell phones etc. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU – ) is a conservative political party in Germany. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet. ... Unterfranken (Lower Franconia) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria (seven regions), Germany (32 regions). ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... For other uses, see Main (disambiguation). ... Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany. ...


A famous native of Schweinfurt is Friedrich Rückert, a notable poet and translator. The Museum Georg Schäfer, founded by Georg Schäfer, shows among others important pieces of Altdeutsche Malerei. Friedrich Rückert (May 16, 1788 - January 31, 1866) was a German poet, translator and professor of Oriental languages. ...

Contents

History

The city is first proved by documents in the year 792, though as early as 740 a settlement called Villa Suinfurde is mentioned. In the 10th century Schweinfurt was the seat of a margravate. Events Irenes title of empress confirmed. ... Events October 26 - An earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and death. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Margrave is the English and French form (recorded since 1551) of the German title Markgraf (from Mark march and Graf count) and certain equivalent nobiliary (princely) titles in other languages. ...


In the first half of 13th century Schweinfurt was expanded to a real city with city wall, towers and city gates . At that time the Nikolaus hospital was founded, a mint was established and construction work on the Saint Johannis church began. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...


Around 1250 Schweinfurt was totally destroyed during a feud between the Earl of Henneberg and the Prince-Bishop of Würzburg. In the following years it was reconstructed. A document from 1282 signed by King Rudolf I of Habsburg states that Schweinfurt was a free city within the Holy Roman Empire. Since then the coat of arms of Schweinfurt has borne the imperial eagle. In 1309 the city was given to the Count of Henneberg, but in the 1360s the city regained its independence and joined the Swabian-Franconian Confederation. In 1397 King Wenzel entitled the town to utilize the river Main, and in 1436-1437 Schweinfurt acquired the village of Oberndorf, as well as the Teutonic Order Fort on the Peterstirn and a small piece of land-including the villages of Zell and Weipoltshausen. Some year later there was the first uprising of Schweinfurt's people against the Town-council, followed by a second one in 1513-1514. This time the issuing of a constitution was allowed. // April 30 - King Louis IX of France released by his Egyptian captors after paying a ransom of one million dinars and turning over the city of Damietta. ... The brass of the tomb of Rudolph I in Speyer Rudolph I (Rudolph of Hapsburg) (May 1, 1218 - July 15, 1291) was a German king. ... The double-headed eagle A portrait of Charlemagne wearing the crown of the Holy Roman Empire (15th century painting by Albrecht Dürer) The Holy Roman Empire was a mainly Germanic conglomeration of lands in Central Europe during the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ... Events August 15 - The city of Rhodes surrenders to the forces of the Knights of St. ... Coat of Arms Henneberg-Schleusingen House of Henneberg: a branch of the Franconian Babenbergs which was very powerful in Franconia and Thuringia particularly in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries // The distant origins of this family are speculative yet seem to originate in the Rhine Valley, east of modern-day... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 Events and Trends William Langland writes Piers Plowman Categories: 1360s ... Events February 10 - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset. ... Events April - Paris is recaptured by the French End of the Hussite Wars in Bohemia. ... // Events foundation of All Souls College, University of Oxford. ... 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1514 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The city joined the Luther's Reformation in 1542. Schweinfurt was again destroyed in the course of the Margravaian War, in 1554. The years up to 1615 were spent by the citizens for its reconstruction. Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... Events January 5 - Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands. ... Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ...


Schweinfurt joined the Protestant Union in 1609. In the Thirty Years' War it was occupied by Gustavus Adolphus, who erected fortifications, remains of which are still extant. In 1652 the four doctors Johann Laurentius Bausch, Johann Michael Fehr, Georg Balthasar Wolfahrt and Balthasar Metzger founded the Academia Curiosorum in Schweinfurt, which is known today as the German Academy of Life Scientists, "Leopoldina". // Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Gustav II Adolph Gustav II Adolph (December 9, 1594 - November 6, 1632) (also known as Gustav Adolph the Great, under the Latin name Gustavus Adolphus or the Swedish form Gustav II Adolf) was a King of Sweden. ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ...


In 1777 Johann Martin Schmidt commenced with the production of white lead (ceruse). Schweinfurt suffered from heavy casualties during the Napoleonic Wars of 1796-1801. Year 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Allies: Austrian Empire[1] Kingdom of Portugal Kingdom of Prussia[1] Russian Empire[2] Kingdom of Spain[3] Kingdom of Sweden United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland[4] French Empire - Kingdom of Holland - Kingdom of Italy - Kingdom of Naples - Duchy of Warsaw - Kingdom of Bavaria[5] - Kingdom of... Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ...


Schweinfurt remained a free imperial city until 1802, when it passed to the Kingdom of Bavaria. Assigned to the grand duke of Würzburg in 1810, it was restored to Bavaria four years later. The first railway junction was opened in 1852. In the following years Schweinfurt became a world leader centre for the production of ball bearings. This was to lead to grievous consequences for the city during World War II. --69. ... The Free State of Bavaria (German: Bayern or Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... The Bishopric of Würzburg was an ecclesiastical principality in the Holy Roman Empire, located in Lower Franconia, around the City of Würzburg. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A 4 point contact ball bearing A ball bearing is a common type of rolling-element bearing, a kind of bearing. ... Combatants Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total...


World War II

A USAAF raid on ball bearing works in Schweinfurt in 1943.
A USAAF raid on ball bearing works in Schweinfurt in 1943.

Schweinfurt was the location of most of the ball bearing production in Nazi Germany at the onset of World War II, and was eventually devastated following a series of Allied strategic bombing raids. It was hoped that the destruction of the factories located in the city would cripple the production of new tanks and aircraft. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that the section World War II from the article Schweinfurt be merged into this article or section. ... The Second raid on Schweinfurt (also called Mission 115) took place during World War II on October 14, 1943. ... 1943 United States Army Air Force strategic bombing raid on the ball bearing works at Schweinfurt, Germany. ... 1943 United States Army Air Force strategic bombing raid on the ball bearing works at Schweinfurt, Germany. ... The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) was a part of the U.S. Army during World War II. The direct precursor to the U.S. Air Force, the USAAF formally existed between 1941 and 1947. ... A 4 point contact ball bearing A ball bearing is a common type of rolling-element bearing, a kind of bearing. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... The remains of German town of Wesel after intensive Allied area bombing in 1945 (destruction rate 98 % of all buildings) // Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war style campaign that attempts to destroy the economic ability of a nation-state to wage war. ...


Two of these raids were particularly costly for the United States Army Air Forces. On August 17, 1943, 230 B-17s of the USAAF 8th Air Force, intended as the second wave of bombers behind a force attacking Regensburg (see Schweinfurt-Regensburg mission, encountered intense anti-aircraft artillery and over 300 defending fighter aircraft, with the result that only 184 aircraft bombed their targets and 36 aircraft did not return to their bases in England. Production suffered an immediate 34% cutback, and all plants but the largest were devastated by fire, but the existing industrial infrastructure had not been conducive to destruction by a single raid. Efforts to disperse the surviving machinery began immediately and the Luftwaffe, recognizing the threat, began redeploying large numbers of interceptors along the corridor to Schweinfurt.[1] The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) was a part of the U.S. Army during World War II. The direct precursor to the U.S. Air Force, the USAAF formally existed between 1941 and 1947. ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is an American four-engine heavy bomber aircraft developed for the U.S. Army Air Corps (USAAC). ... The Eighth Air Force was a World War II, United States Army Air Force unit, which carried out day-time bombing operations in western Europe from airfields in eastern England from 1942. ... Regensburg (also Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 129,175 in 2005) in Bavaria, south-east Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. ... It has been suggested that the section World War II from the article Schweinfurt be merged into this article or section. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft warfare, or air defense, is any method of engaging military aircraft in combat from the ground. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


After rebuilding its strength the 8th Air Force mounted a second attack on October 14, 1943, which proved to be more costly than the first and became known as "Black Thursday" (see Second Raid on Schweinfurt). In this raid by 291 B-17s, 229 bombed the target and 60 were lost. Such very heavy losses could not be sustained and unescorted bomber raids deep into Germany were suspended until 1944. Raids on Schweinfurt resumed in February, 1944 during what came to be known as "Big Week." October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... The Second raid on Schweinfurt (also called Mission 115) took place during World War II on October 14, 1943. ... The Big Week (20 February - 25 February 1944) was an American bombing campaign during World War II. On February 20, 1944, as part of the European strategic bombing campaign of the United States Strategic Air Forces (USSTAF) launched a series of missions against Third Reich that became known as Big...


Although losses of production bearings and machinery were high, and much of the industrial and residential areas of the city were destroyed, killing more than a thousand civilians, the factories were restored to production and the industry dispersed. Although German planners initially thought it essential to purchase the entire output of the Swedish ball-bearing industry, losses in production bearings were actually made up from surpluses found within Germany in the aftermath of the first raid.


The Allies, according to Albert Speer, were remiss in mounting a decisive bombing campaign against the bearing industry while it was still centrally located. Once de-centralized, the Nazis were able to rebuild output to 85% of its pre-bombing output. Hitler made restoration of ball bearing production a high priority, and massive efforts were undertaken to repair and rebuild the factories partially in bomb-proof underground facilities This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hitler redirects here. ...

U.S. bombers flying through flak over Schweinfurt.
U.S. bombers flying through flak over Schweinfurt.

Schweinfurt was bombed 22 times by the USAAF and RAF, by a total of 2285 aircraft, until it was captured by the 42nd Infantry Division in house-to-house fighting in April 1945. Image File history File links B-17_Schweinfurt. ... Image File history File links B-17_Schweinfurt. ... FLAK was a punk rock side project of members of the band Machinae Supremacy in 2001. ... RAF redirects here. ... The 42d Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II, and is the division of the New York National Guard. ... Urban warfare is modern warfare conducted in urban areas such as towns and cities. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...


Recent years

After the war Schweinfurt quickly recovered from its third period of destruction, and the new suburbs of Bergl, Hochfeld and Steinberg were developed to settle the increasing population. In 1954 the city laid the first stone for the new town hall and commemorated the 700th and 500th anniversaries of the two earlier respective destructions, as well as the ongoing reconstruction following World War II. Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1998 German and American veterans and survivors of the bombing raids came together to erect a war memorial to the fallen. 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... This memorial in England lists the names of soldiers who died in the First World War. ...


Economy

Schweinfurt is known for its metal industry, especially ball-bearing plants and bicycle manufacturing (See also FAG Kugelfischer, ZF Sachs AG and SKF). The pigment Schweinfurter Green, which is extremely toxic, was manufactured here. Velo redirects here. ... FAG Kugelfischer FAG Kugelfischer is a German company manufacturing ball bearings. ... Sachs is a German manufacturer of motorcycles, mopeds, power-assited bicycles and ATVs. ... SKF, Svenska Kullagerfabriken AB, later AB SKF, is a Swedish aeroengine bearings company founded in 1907, supplying bearings, seals, spindles, customer solutions and related services globally. ...


Due to its heavy concentration in primarily one industry, Schweinfurt has suffered high unemployment rates (over 6%) relative to the Bavarian average, especially since the German reunification.


Politically, with its heavy concentration of workers and labor unions, Schweinfurt is traditionally the most left-leaning county in the otherwise heavily right-leaning Bavaria.


Only 3.1% of employees have a university education, significantly less than the German average of 7.5%.


Schweinfurt has about half the average German crimerate (making it the 14th safest county).


Link: [2]


Link (Statistics): [3]


Places of interest

Schweinfurt's main landmarks include:

  • The Gothic Town Hall (1570-1572)
  • The church of St. Johannes (1554-1562)
  • The Old Gymnasium, seat of the local museum
Schweinfurt Town Hall
Schweinfurt Town Hall

Königsberg Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 615 KB) Rathaus Schweinfurt (Town Hall) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Schweinfurt Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 615 KB) Rathaus Schweinfurt (Town Hall) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Schweinfurt Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or...

Communal facilities

A Fachhochschule (plural: Fachhochschulen) or University of Applied Sciences in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland is a university specialized in certain topical areas (e. ... Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany. ...

Information

  • City map
  • Events

Historical population

Year Population
1939 49,302
1950 46,128
1961 56,923
1970 58,446
1987 51,962
2002 54,670
2004 54,467

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


Urban and rural districts in the Free State of Bavaria in Germany
Urban
districts

Amberg · Ansbach · Aschaffenburg · Augsburg · Bamberg · Bayreuth · Coburg · Erlangen · Fürth · Hof · Ingolstadt · Kaufbeuren · Kempten · Landshut · Memmingen · München (Munich) · Nürnberg (Nuremberg) · Passau · Regensburg · Rosenheim · Schwabach · Schweinfurt · Straubing · Weiden · Würzburg Image File history File links Flag_of_Bavaria_(lozengy). ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Amberg (currently incorrect) Amberg is a city in Bavaria, Germany. ... Ansbach, or Anspach, originally Onolzbach, is a town in Bavaria, Germany. ... Aschaffenburg is a city in Bavaria, Germany. ... Augsburg is a city in south-central Germany. ... Bamberg is a town in Bavaria, Germany. ... Bayreuth [pronounced by-royt] is a town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Frankish Alb and the Fichtelgebirge. ... Coburg is a city located on the Itz River in Bavaria, Central-West Germany. ... Erlangen around 1915 Erlangen is a German city in Middle Franconia. ... South part of the city, seen from the Alte Veste (Zirndorf), 2004 The city of Fürth is located in northern Bavaria, Germany in the district of Middle Franconia. ... Hof is a city located on the banks of the Saale in the northeastern corner of the German state of Bavaria, in the Franconia region, hard by the Czech border and the forested Fichtelgebirge and Frankenwald upland regions. ... Ingolstadt is a city in the Federal State of Bavaria, Germany. ... Kaufbeuren is an independent city in the Regierungsbezirk of Schwaben, southern Bavaria. ... Kempten is the capital of Allgäu, a region in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany. ... Landshut is a city in Bavaria, Germany, the capital of the Niederbayern region. ... Memmingen is a town in the Bavarian administrative region Swabia in Germany. ... Coordinates: Time zone: CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country: Germany State: Bavaria Administrative region: Upper Bavaria District: Urban district City subdivisions: 25 borroughs Lord Mayor: Christian Ude (SPD) Governing parties: SPD / Greens / Rosa Liste Basic Statistics Area: 310. ... Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg, German-Franconian dialect: Nämberch) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ... Old Town of Passau Passau (Latin: Batavia) is a town in Niederbayern, Eastern Bavaria, Germany, known also as Dreiflüssestadt (the City of three rivers), because the Danube River is joined there by the Inn River from the South, and the Ilz River coming out of the Bavarian Forest to... Regensburg (also Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 129,175 in 2005) in Bavaria, south-east Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. ... Rosenheim is a town in Bavaria (Germany) on the river Inn, at 47°51′ N 12°8′ E. It is seat of administration of the district of Rosenheim, but is not a part of it. ... Schwabach is a German city of about 40,000 inhabitants near Nuremberg in the middle of the Franconia district of Bavaria. ... Straubing is an independent city in Niederbayern. ... Weiden in der Oberpfalz (official name: Weiden i. ... Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany. ...

Rural
districts

Aichach-Friedberg · Altötting · Amberg-Sulzbach · Ansbach (district) · Aschaffenburg · Augsburg · Bad Kissingen  Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen · Bamberg · Bayreuth · Berchtesgadener Land · Cham · Coburg · Dachau · Deggendorf · Dillingen  Dingolfing-Landau · Donau-Ries · Ebersberg · Eichstätt · Erding · Erlangen-Höchstadt · Forchheim · Freising · Freyung-Grafenau  Fürstenfeldbruck · Fürth · Garmisch-Partenkirchen · Günzburg · Haßberge · Hof · Kelheim · Kitzingen · Kronach · Kulmbach · Landsberg · Landshut · Lichtenfels · Lindau · Main-Spessart · Miesbach · Miltenberg · Mühldorf · München (Munich)  Neuburg-Schrobenhausen · Neumarkt · Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim · Neustadt (Waldnaab) · Neu-Ulm · Nürnberger Land  Oberallgäu · Ostallgäu · Passau · Pfaffenhofen · Regen · Regensburg (district) · Rhön-Grabfeld · Rosenheim (district) · Roth  Rottal-Inn · Schwandorf · Schweinfurt · Starnberg · Straubing-Bogen · Tirschenreuth · Traunstein  Unterallgäu · Weilheim-Schongau · Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen · Wunsiedel · Würzburg Aichach_Friedberg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Altötting is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Amberg_Sulzbach is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Ansbach is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Aschaffenburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Augsburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Bad Kissingen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Bamberg Land is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Bayreuth is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Berchtesgadener Land is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Cham is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Coburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Dachau is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Deggendorf is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Dillingen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Dingolfing-Landau is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Donau-Ries is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Ebersberg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Eichstätt is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Erding is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Erlangen-Höchstadt is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Forchheim is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Freising is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Freyung-Grafenau is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Fürstenfeldbruck is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Fürth is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Garmisch-Partenkirchen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Günzburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Haßberge is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Hof is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Kelheim is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Kitzingen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Kronach is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Kulmbach is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Landsberg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Landshut is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Lichtenfels is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Lindau is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Main-Spessart is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Miesbach is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Miltenberg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Mühldorf is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Munich (German München) is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Neuburg-Schrobenhausen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Neumarkt is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim is a district in Panda Stripe Village, Germany. ... Neustadt (Waldnaab) is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Neu-Ulm is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Nürnberger Land is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Oberallgäu is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Ostallgäu is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Passau is a district (Kreis) in the southeast of Bavaria. ... Pfaffenhofen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Regen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Regensburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Rhön-Grabfeld is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Rosenheim is a Kreis (district) in the south of Bavaria, Germany. ... Roth is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Rottal-Inn is a Kreis (district) in the southeastern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Schwandorf is a Kreis (district) in the east part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Schweinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Starnberg is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Straubing-Bogen is a Kreis (district) in the eastern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Tirschenreuth is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Traunstein is a Kreis (district) in the southeastern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Unterallgäu is a Kreis (district) in the southwestern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Weilheim-Schongau is a Kreis (district) in the south of Bavaria, Germany. ... Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen is a Kreis (district) in the west of Bavaria, Germany. ... Wunsiedel is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Würzburg is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of Bavaria, Germany. ...



edit World War II city bombing a survivor
Area bombardmentTerror bombingV-Weapons

AugsburgBaedeker RaidsBelfastBelgradeBerlinBirminghamBraunschweigBreslauBristolBucharestBudapestCaenChemnitzChişinăuChungkingClydebankCologneCoventry • Danzig • DarmstadtDarwinDresdenDuisburgDüsseldorfEssenFrampolFrankfurtGelsenkirchenGlasgowGreenockHamburg • Hamm • Hanau • Heilbronn • Helsinki • HildesheimHiroshima & NagasakiInnsbruckKaiserslauternKasselKōbeKönigsbergLiverpool • London • Lübeck • LwówMainzMaltaManchesterManilaMannheimMinskMunichNagoyaNahaNaples • Nuremberg • Ōsaka • Peenemünde • PloieştiPforzheimPlymouthPragueRabaulRemscheidRomeRothenburg-au-TauberRotterdamSaarbrückenSalzburg • Schwäbisch Hall • Schweinfurt • Sheffield • SofiaSouthamptonStalingrad • Stettin • StuttgartThessaloníkiTōkyōUlmViennaWarsawWesel • Wieluń • Wuppertal • Würzburg • YokohamaZara Strategic Bombing during World War II was unlike anything the world had previously witnessed. ... Survivor of German aerial bombardment of Warsaw This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Aerial area bombardment is the policy of indiscriminate bombing of an enemys cities, for the purpose of destroying the enemys means of producing military materiel, communications, government centres and civilian morale. ... Terror bombing is a strategy of deliberately bombing civilian targets and strafing civilians in order to break the morale of the enemy and make the civilian population of the enemy panic. ... Vergeltungswaffe (German for retaliation weapon, reprisal weapon or vengeance weapon) was a term assigned during World War II by the Nazis to a number of revolutionary superweapons, the V1 flying bomb, the V2 rocket and the V3 long range gun. ... The Bavarian city of Augsburg, Germany, was bombed twice by the RAF during World War II 1942 The Augsburg air raid on 17 April 1942 was one of the most daring of World War II. The first squadron to take delivery of the 4-engined Avro Lancaster was No. ... The Baedeker Blitz or Baedeker raids were a series of reprisal raids for the bombing of the erstwhile Hanseatic League city of Lübeck during World War II, which was being used to supply the Russian front. ... The Belfast Blitz was an event that occurred on Easter Tuesday, April 15, 1941, when 200 German Luftwaffe bombers attacked Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... he bombing of Belgrade occurred in the initial phases of World War II when German forces bombed the city in preperation for the invasion of Yugoslavia. ... This article is about strategic bombing raids on Berlin. ... The Birmingham Blitz was the heavy bombing of the city of Birmingham in the United Kingdom during the Second World War. ... The Bombing of Braunschweig (or Brunswick) in World War II on 15 October 1944 by the Royal Air Forces No. ... The Battle of Breslau, otherwise known as the Siege of Breslau was a four months long siege of the city of Breslau (now WrocÅ‚aw, Poland) in Lower Silesia, Germany. ... Bristol was the fifth most heavily bombed city of World War II. // [edit] First Raid Hitler claimed that Bristol had been completely destroyed in a night raid on November 2, 1940 in which 5000 incendiary and 10. ... The bombing of Bucharest (the capital of Romania) in World War II comprised operations by the Allies and Axis Powers at separate intervals in 1944. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Combatants Allied Powers Nazi Germany Commanders Bernard Montgomery, Miles Dempsey, Richard OConnor, Guy Simonds Edgar Feuchtinger, Erwin Rommel, Gerd von Rundstedt, Günther von Kluge Strength 2nd British Army, 51st Highland Division, 11th British Armoured divison, 7th British Armoured Divison, Polish 1st Armoured Division, VIII British Corps, Royal Air... Chemnitz (Sorbian/Lusatian Kamjenica, 1953-1990 called Karl-Marx-Stadt; Czech: Saská Kamenice) is a city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. ... County ChiÅŸinău Status Municipality Mayor Vasile Ursu, since 2005 Area 635 km² Population (2004) 647,513 [1] Density 1114 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Founded in 1436 Dialing code +373 22 Web site http://www. ... The Bombing of Chongqing (February 18, 1938 - August 23, 1943) was a Japanese strategic bombing campaign against the Chinese provisional capital of Chongqing that lasted 5 1/2 years. ... Clydebank (Bruach Chluaidh in Gaelic) is a town in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland, lying on the north bank of the river Clyde. ... Cologne in 1945 The City of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids by the Allies during World War II. During the war the Royal Air Force (RAF) bombed Cologne more than thirty one times. ... The English town of Coventry was bombed many times during World War II by the German Luftwaffe. ... This article is about the History of GdaÅ„sk (Danzig), a city located on the Baltic Sea. ... Darmstadt was bombed a number of times during World War II. The most defestating air raid on Darmstadt occured on the night of 11/12 September 1944 when No. ... Combatants Australia United States Empire of Japan Commanders David V. J. Blake Chuichi Nagumo Strength 30 planes 242 planes Casualties 251 killed 23 planes destroyed 10 ships sunk one aircrew confirmed killed, several missing in action, six taken prisoner; six Japanese aircraft confirmed destroyed, four probably destroyed. ... The bombing of Dresden, led by the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and involving the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) between February 13 and February 15, 1945, remains one of the more controversial Allied actions of World War II. Historian Frederick Taylor says: The destruction of Dresden has an... Duisburg was bombed a number of times by the Allies during World War II. The most devastating air raids on Duisburg occurred during October 1944 when the city was bombed by the Royal Air Force (RAF). ... Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and (together with Cologne and the Ruhr Area) the economic center of Western Germany. ... Essen, a town of the Ruhr area in Germany was mercilessly bombed about 50 times by the Allies in World War II. // Some of the earliest air raids were in March, 1942 by the RAF Bomber Command. ... The Bombing of Frampol happened during the Polish Defence War of 1939. ... Frankfurt in 1612 The history of the city of Frankfurt am Main is the story of a hill at a ford in the Main that developed into a European banking metropolis, becoming the smallest metropolis in the world. ... Gelsenkirchen, an industrial town in the Ruhr area of Germany was bombed many times in World War II. On the night of June 25, 1943, 473 RAF bombers attacked the city. ... Clydebank (Bruach Chluaidh in Gaelic) is a town in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland, lying on the north bank of the river Clyde. ... The Greenock Blitz is the name given to two nights of intensive bombing of the town of Greenock by the Luftwaffe in May 1941. ... The large port city of Hamburg was very heavily bombed many times by the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) during World War II. During one of the attacks in July 1943 a firestorm was created that caused many thousands of casualties. ... Hanau, Germany, the birthplace of the Grimm Brothers, had a long and vibrant heritage. ... View of the Heilbronn centre of town toward the Wartberg. ... The 1,100 year-old German town of Hildesheim was ravaged by Allied air raids in the last days of World War II. March 22, 1945 was a bright mid-day when 280 Avro Lancasters and 8 Mosquito bombers destroyed the town in 17 minutes, flying low and starting fires. ... The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rises 18 km (11 mi, 60,000 ft) into the air from the hypocenter. ... Innsbruck, an Austrian city, was annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938. ... This is the article about the city, for the district see Kaiserslautern (district)   is a city in southwest Germany, located in the Bundesland of Rheinland-Pfalz at the edge of the Palatine Forest (Pfälzer Wald). ... The city of Kassel in Germany was severely bombed during World War II and more than 10,000 civilians died during these raids. ... On March 17th, 1945, three hundred and thirty-one American B-29 bombers launched a firebombing attack against the city of Kobe, Japan. ... In 1944, the city of Königsberg was extensively bombed from the air by the British and burned for several days. ... The Liverpool Blitz was the heavy and sustained bombing of the city of Liverpool in the United Kingdom during the Second World War. ... London has a recorded history that goes back over 2,000 years. ... Lübeck was bombed for the first time by the Royal Air Force on the night of 28/29 March 1942. ... Combatants Germany, Soviet Union Poland Commanders Ferdinand Schörner, Filip Golikov WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Langner, StanisÅ‚aw Sikorski Casualties unknown unknown The Battle of Lwów (sometimes called the Siege of Lwów) was a battle for the control over the Polish city of Lwów between the Polish Army... Mainz is a city in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. ... The Manchester Blitz was the heavy bombing of the city of Manchester in the United Kingdom during the Second World War. ... The City of Manila (Filipino: Lungsod ng Maynila), or simply Manila, is the capital of the Philippines and one of the municipalities that comprise Metro Manila. ... From December 1940 till the end of World War II, Mannheim saw over 150 air raids. ... The Minsk Blitz was the heavy bombing of the city of Minsk (population was 270 000) in the USSR during the Second World War. ... Coordinates: Time zone: CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country: Germany State: Bavaria Administrative region: Upper Bavaria District: Urban district City subdivisions: 25 borroughs Lord Mayor: Christian Ude (SPD) Governing parties: SPD / Greens / Rosa Liste Basic Statistics Area: 310. ... Nagoya faced several air raids in World War II. The first came on the night of March 11, 1945, two days after the attack on Tokyo. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Canada New Zealand Australia Empire of Japan Commanders Simon B. Buckner, Jr. ... Naples was the most bombed Italian city in World War II. Category: ... The U.S. bombing of Osaka during World War II took place on 13th and 14th March 1945. ... Peenemünde was bombed by 596 British and Canadian aircraft, on August 17 and 18, 1943, so as to hamper the manufacture of the German V-Weaposns. ... Operation Tidal Wave was a military operation by the allied forces to destroy Ploiesti, consisting of air raids conducted on August 1, 1943 Links http://www. ... During the latter stages of World War II Pforzheim, a town in south west Germany was bombed on a number of times. ... Entered BCAFL 2001-2002 Team Colors Black & Gold Universities University of Plymouth, University of Exeter, Seale-Hayne College, College of St. ... The Bombing of Prague occurred during the end of World War II (February 14, 1945) when the US Army Air Forces carried out an air raid over Prague. ... The eastern part of the Territory of New Guinea, and the northern Solomon Islands; the area in which Operation Cartwheel took place, from June 1943. ... Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The bombing of Rome in World War II took place on several occassions in 1943 and 1944 before the city was caputred by the allies on June 4, 1944. ... The German town of Rothenburg was more than 1,000 years old when it lost many historic buildings to air raids in World War II. On March 31, 1945, a day before Easter, a raid destroyed the eastern old town (40% of the original city). ... The city heart of Rotterdam after the bombing, the ruin of the (now restored) Laurens Kerk is the only building that reminds people of the Rotterdams medieval architecture. ... Saarbrücken [] is the capital of the Saarland Bundesland in Germany. ... Salzburg is a city in western Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg (population 150,000 in 2006). ... This article, image, template or category belongs in one or more categories. ... Schweinfurt is a city in the Unterfranken region of Bavaria in Germany on the right bank of the canalized Main, which is here spanned by several bridges, 27 km North-East of Würzburg. ... The Sheffield Blitz is the name given to the worst nights of bombing in Sheffield, England during the Second World War. ... The Bulgarian capital of Sofia suffered a series of Allied bombing raids during World War II, from late 1943 to early 1944. ... Southampton was bombed heavily by the Luftwaffe during World War II. It was targetted mainly in the first phase of the Blitz. ... The Soviet city and industrial centre Stalingrad was bombed heavily by the Luftwaffe during the Battle of Stalingrad in World War II. 40,000 people were killed. ... History of Szczecin (German: Stettin) in Poland. ... Stuttgart faced 53 air raids during World War II. A well-known raid was on 6 September 1943. ... Coordinates 40°38′ N 22°57′ E Country Greece Periphery Central Macedonia Prefecture Thessaloniki [1] Population 607,987 source (2006) Metropolitan area population 2,395,220 Area 17. ... B-29 bombers were used to drop hundreds of thousands of tons of explosives onto Japanese cities during the war. ... Ulm, for its size, was the most heavily bombed city of south Germany during World War II. The heaviest air raid was on December 17, 1944 which killed and injuring hundreds but left 25,000 people homeless. ... Vienna was bombed 52 times during World War II. // [edit] Early 1945 Vienna had already faced 1800 bombs. ... The Bombing of Warsaw in World War II refers both to the terror bombing campaign on Warsaw by Luftwaffe during the September Campaign (siege of Warsaw and to the German bombing raids during the Warsaw Uprising. ... The German town of Wesel was devastated in Allied air raids during World War II. In March 1945, the city was attacked by Bomber command Group No. ... Bombing of WieluÅ„ in World War II refers to the German bomb raid on a Polish city of WieluÅ„ at the outbreak of World War II. On September 1, 1939 at 4. ... Wuppertal was bombed extensively in the Battle of the Ruhr of World War II. In two attacks on Wuppertal, more than 6,000 people died. ... During World War II, on March 16, 1945, 89% of the city was laid to ruins by a British Royal Air Force bombing raid. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... now. ...


This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


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