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Encyclopedia > Schwäbisch Gmünd

Schwäbisch Gmünd is a town in the eastern part of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. With a population of around 62,000, the town is the second largest in the Ostalbkreis and the whole region of East Württemberg after Aalen. The town is a Große Kreisstadt, a chief town under district administration; it was the chief town of its own rural district until the district reform on January 1, 1973. The rural district was called Schwäbisch Gmünd and it had the car license key GD. With an area of 35,742 km² and 10. ... The Ostalbkreis is a district (Kreis) in the east of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Aalen Aalen is a town in Germany, capital of the Ostalbkreis, in the Baden_Württemberg Bundesland. ... Germany is divided into 439 administrative districts; these consist of 323 rural districts (Landkreise), listed fully here, and 116 urban districts (Kreisfreie Städte / Stadtkreise) - cities which constitute a district in their own right (see List of German urban districts). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... License plates in Germany show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ...

Contents

Geography

Schwäbisch Gmünd lies on the Rems river about 50 kilometers east of Stuttgart, the capital of Baden-Württemberg. It also lies at the northern foot of the Swabian Jura Mountains. Stuttgart is a city located in southern Germany, it is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg, and has a population of approximately 600,000 as of June 2004. ... A view on the Swabian Alb with its typical hills and a juniper meadow The Albtrauf which forms the western border of the Swabian Alb The Swabian Alb (German: Schwäbische Alb) is a middle mountain range in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ...


History

The first settlement in this area was around the 2nd century AD, when the Roman soldiers settled the nearby Limes. In the 3rd century the border lines were assaulted and taken by the Alemans, who settled down in the areas the Romans had abandoned. (1st century - 2nd century - 3rd century - other centuries) Events Roman Empire governed by the Five Good Emperors (96–180) – Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius. ... The Upper Germanic Limes, also called Rhaetian Limes or simply the Limes, was the border between the Roman Empire and the unsubdued Germanic peoples. ... (2nd century - 3rd century - 4th century - other centuries) Events The Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east. ...


In the 8th century a false document in the name of Karl the Great, in the Monastery of St Denis near Paris mentioned a monk's cell called Gamundias built by Abott Fulrad of St Denis. Whether or not this refers to Gmünd is highly uncertain. There are no archaeological indications for a cell of this type in Gmünd. (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... Saint-Denis is a commune of France, in the Seine-Saint-Denis département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...


Schwäbish Gmünd was founded in the mid-12th century. It was a free imperial city from 1268 until 1803, when it passed to Württemberg. (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Events May 18 - the Principality of Antioch falls to Mameluk Sultan Baibars. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Economics

From the 17th century until today Schwäbisch Gmünd have been producers of gold and silver handicrafts. In the city is the Forschungsinstitut für Edelmetalle und Metallchemie, which is an institute for precious metal work. The industries prevailent in this town are the automotive industry and manufacturers of machinery and glass. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


Famous Sons and Daughters

  • Peter Parler 91330 - 1399) architect and builder
  • Hans Ratgeb (circa 1480 - 1526) painter
  • Hans Baldung (1484/85 - 1545) painter
  • Hans Judenkönig (died 1526) orator

 
 

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