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Encyclopedia > School district

School districts are a form of special-purpose district in the United States (amongst some other places) which serves to operate the local public primary and secondary schools. Generally a special-purpose district, also known as a special district, is a governmental entity differing from general-purpose districts like municipalities, counties, etc. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... High school is the name used for the last segment of compulsory education in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Hong Kong, Ireland, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Mauritius, New Zealand, Philippines, South Africa, Singapore, Taiwan (Republic of China), the United Kingdom and the United States. ...


Public education in many communities in the USA has been made the function of a school district serving one or more towns. A school district is a unique body corporate and politic, usually with Districts being coequal to that of a city or a county, and has similar powers including taxation and eminent domain. Its legislative body, elected by direct popular vote, is called a school board, board of trustees, or school committee, and this body appoints a superintendent, usually a highly qualified teacher, to function as the district's chief executive for carrying out day-to-day decisions and policy implementations. The school board on occasion may also exercise a token judiciary function in serious employee or student discipline matters. Body politic or body corporate and politic means a state or one of its subordinate civil authorities, such as a: province prefecture county municipality city district etc. ... Montreal skyline at night For alternate meanings see city (disambiguation) A city is an urban area that is differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Eminent domain (US), compulsory purchase (Great Britain, New Zealand), compulsory acquisition (Australia) or expropriation (Canada, South Africa) in common law legal systems is the power of the state to appropriate private property for its own use without the owners consent. ... This article or section should be merged with board of education A school board (or school committee) is an elected council that helps determine educational policy in a small regional area, such as a city, state, or province. ... A superintendent is an individual that has executive oversight and administration rights, usually within an educational entity or organization. ... In education, teachers are those who teach students or pupils, often a course of study, lesson plan, or a practical skill, including learning and thinking skills. ... Chief Executive may refer to: Chief Executive of Hong Kong Chief Executive of Macau Chief Executive Officer This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The judiciary, also referred to as the judicature, consists of the system of courts of law for the administration of justice and to its principals, the justices, judges and magistrates among other types of adjudicators. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Students attending a lecture at the Helsinki University of Technology Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stÅ­dÄ“rÄ•, which means to direct ones zeal at; hence a student is one who directs zeal at a subject. ... Discipline is any training intended to produce a specific character or pattern of behaviour, especially training that produces moral or mental development in a particular direction. ...


Not all school systems constitute school districts as distinct bodies corporate. In some states, such as Maryland, all school systems are subordinate to state or local governments. Other states, such as New York, have both independent school districts and school systems that are subordinate to cities. Uniquely, the Hawaii State Department of Education functions as a single state-wide school district. State nickname: Old Line State; Free State Official languages None Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Governor Robert L. Ehrlich (R) Senators Paul Sarbanes (D) Barbara Mikulski (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 42nd 32,160 km² 21 Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 19th 5,296,486 165/km² (5th) Admission into... State nickname: The Empire State Official languages English Capital Albany Largest city New York City Governor George Pataki (R) Senators Charles Schumer (D) Hillary Clinton (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 13. ... The Hawaii State Department of Education is the most centralized and only statewide public education system in the United States. ...


In the 2002 Census of Governments, the United States Census Bureau enumerated the following numbers of school systems in the United States: 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...

  • 13,506 school district governments
  • 178 state-dependent school systems
  • 1,330 local-dependent school systems
  • 1,196 education service agencies (agencies providing support services to public school systems)

The functioning of a school district can be a key influence and concern in local politics. A well run district with safe and clean schools, graduating enough students to good universities, can enhance the value of housing in its area, and thus increase the amount of tax revenue available to carry out its operations. Conversely, a poorly-run district may cause growth in the area to be far less than surrounding areas, or even a decline in population. Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Politics Look up Politics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Politics (disambiguation) Democracy History of democracy List of democracy and elections-related topics List of years in politics List of politics by country articles Political corruption Political economy Political movement Political parties of... // History Because of the above definition, the oldest universities in the world were all European, as the awarding of academic degrees was not a custom of older institutions of learning in Asia and Africa. ...


In addition to the various schools it operates and the various support facilities they require for their operation, such as school bus yards, laundries, warehouses, and kitchens, some very large school districts operate medical clinics, television stations (many of which are official PBS affiliates for their respective markets), and fully functioning campus police departments. Additionally it is not unusual to find public libraries or recreation programs operated by a school system. A new 1973 Wayne Lifeguard school bus won in national contest for safety ideas is presented to winning driver, Mrs. ... PBS re-directs here; for alternate uses see PBS (disambiguation) PBS logo The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States. ... Security police (also known as special police) are the special security officers employed by (usually governmental) organizations to protect their facilities, properties, personnel, users and visitors from harm and who enforce laws and administrative regulations. ... Modern-style library In the traditional sense of the word, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. ... Tigers playing in the water. ...


In Virginia, school districts are called school divisions because funding for education comes through the city or county government that the school division is located in. State nickname: Old Dominion Official languages English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner (D) Tim Kaine (D-Governor Elect) Senators John Warner (R) George Allen (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 35th 110,862 km² 7. ... A school division is a geographic division of the U.S. state of Virginia over which a school board has jurisdiction. ...


International comparisons

While a number of other countries have school districts, they often vary drastically from the US model. Often other jurisdictions will have autonomous districts (or equivelent) authorities to represent various groups seeking autonomy, such as linguistic groups, or religious groups. The U.S. school districts, which tend to be based largely on geographical divisions, generally avoid this, as English is such a dominant language, and religion is largely excluded from public education. In much of the world, religious (confessional), linguistic, and other divisions, are a signficant factor in organizing school districts or equivilent authorities.


In England and Wales, school boards were established in 1870, and abolished in 1902, with county council and county borough councils becoming the Local Education Authorities. [1] In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ... A Local Education Authority (LEA) is the part of a council in England or Wales that is responsible for education within that councils jurisdiction. ...


See also

Lists of school districts in the United States List of school districts in Arkansas List of school districts in California (there are over 1100 districts in CA) Lists of school districts in California by county (recommended) List of school districts in Colorado List of school districts in Florida List of... School district drug policies are measures that teachers and administrators of a school put into place in order to discourage drug use by students. ... A school division is a geographic division of the U.S. state of Virginia over which a school board has jurisdiction. ... The London School Board (sometimes School Board for London) was an institution of local government. ...

External links

  • 2002 Census of Governments

  Results from FactBites:
 
4J-Eugene School District 4J Home Page (233 words)
The Eugene School Board supported all of Superintendent George Russell's recommendations for the next steps in the district's planning process known as Shaping 4J's Future, at the Aug. 15 meeting.
The Think Tank report was forwarded to the School Board in early August, and Russell's recomendations cover which elements from the report should be sent out for public input in the coming months.
School size, grade configuration, the location of alternative school programs, all-day kindergarten, school choice and open enrollment, and services to students with special needs are among the topics under discussion during Shaping 4J's Future.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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