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Encyclopedia > Scholarship

This article is about scholarship (noun) and scholarship as a form of financial aid. For the international education (study abroad) program, The Scholar Ship, see The Scholar Ship. The Scholar Ship Logo. ...

Scholarship is the pursuit of academic research, whether in the arts and humanities or sciences, and in all such fields means deep mastery of a subject, often through study at institutions of higher education. Plato is credited with the inception of academia: the body of knowledge, its development and transmission across generations. ... The arts is a broad subdivision of culture, composed of many expressive disciplines. ... The humanities are those academic disciplines which study the human condition using methods that are largely analytic, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural and social sciences. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ...


A scholarship is also an award of access to such an institution, or a financial aid award for an individual student scholar, for the purpose of furthering their education. Scholarships are awarded based on a range of criteria which usually reflect the values and purposes of the donor or founder of the award. Financial aid refers to funding intended to help students pay tuition or other costs, such as room and board, for education at a college, university, or private school. ...

Contents

Types of scholarships

Scholarships may be classified into the following primary groups.

  • Merit-based - financial aid for which financial need is not used to determine the recipient. The recipient may be determined by students’ athletic, academic, artistic or other abilities. The actual monetary value of the scholarship may be negligible, the scholarship being meant to motivate the student and promote the study of the subject. However, this is not always the case and the largest scholarships are almost always merit-based.
  • Athletic - In the U.S. and other countries athletes who perform well in various athletic endeavors are offered athletic scholarships.
  • Need-based - financial aid for which the student and family’s financial situation is a primary factor in determining the recipient. Usually such scholarship will cover all or part of the tuition and may even cover living-costs. Very often even need-based private scholarships require the awardees to be distinguished students, as the deed founding the award may include a phrase like: “for the studies of founder's favourite subject in founder's favourite institution of higher education for a talented youths of limited means from founder's home town/county/state etc.
  • Ethnicity-based - financial aid where applicants must initially qualify by race, religion, or national origin. After filtering the applicants based on their ethnicity, additional factors are taken into consideration to determine the final recipients.
  • Institutional-based - scholarships awarded by a specific college or university (institution) to a student planning to attend that institution.
  • General - Other scholarships which are awarded for a variety of reasons which do not fall into one of the above categories. These may be for reasons of the student's association with the objectives of the sponsoring organization. For example, some corporations give scholarships to their employees' children.

Some scholarships have a "bond" requirement. Recipients may be required to work for a particular employer for a specified period of time, or to work in rural or remote areas; otherwise they may be required to repay the value of the support they received from the scholarship. This is particularly the case with teacher training scholarships and currently with health and medical education scholarships for people from or prepared to work in rural and remote areas in Australia. The programs offered by the uniformed services of the United States (Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Coast Guard, National oceanic and atmospheric administration commissioned corps, and Public Health Service Commissioned Corps) sometimes resemble such scholarships. Tuition means instruction, teaching or a fee charged for educational instruction especially at a formal institution of learning. ... The United States has seven uniformed services as defined by Title 10 of the United States Code. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ... The NOAA Corps is the smallest of the seven Uniformed Services of the United States, having only approximately 300 commissioned officers. ... The Public Health Service Commissioned Corps is the uniformed division of the United States Public Health Service (PHS) and one of the seven Uniformed Services of the United States. ...


Obtaining scholarships

Local scholarships It is typical for persons to find scholarships in their home region. Information on these can be found by asking local persons and organizations. Typically, these are more easy to gain as the eligible population is smaller. Alternative meaning: Organisation (band). ...

  • Guidance Counselors When starting to explore scholarship opportunities, high school students should definitely check in with their guidance counselors. They can be a great resource for local scholarships.

Most non-profit organizations have at some point of their history founded scholarships for prospective students:

  • Community Foundations Many counties / cities / regions have a local foundation dedicated to giving money in the form of grants and scholarships to people and organizations in the area.
  • Labor Unions All the major labor unions offer scholarships for members and their dependent children.
  • Church The local parish may or may not have any scholarships for their members, but the Diocese or headquarters may have some available. Of course, the best-supported area is the study of theology.
  • Chamber of Commerce Many chambers of commerce offer (usually small) grants to students in the community, especially those planning on careers in Business and Public Service. Even if they do not offer any themselves, you can usually get a listing of members, and many of them may offer small scholarships to local students.
  • Other volunteer organizations Many organizations offer scholarships or award grants to students whose background or chosen field overlaps the field of the organization. For example, local chapters of professional societies may help the studies of exceptionally distinguished students of the region. Similarly, charity organizations may offer help, especially if the late parent of the student was a member of the organization. (E.g. masonic lodge might help the orphan of a lodge brother.) However, this kind of scholarships are mostly random.
  • School Old, well-known schools have often been endowed with scholarship funds.
  • University Old, well-established universities may have funds, used to finance the studies of extremely talented students of little means. However, to be eligible for them, the student must usually belong to some special category or be among the nation's best. However, universities have information available on scholarships and grants, possibly even internship opportunities.
  • PSAT/NMSQT In the United States, students are offered the opportunity to take the PSAT/NMSQT test, usually in their Junior year in high school. Not only does it help them to prepare for the SAT later on, but National Merit Scholarship programs are determined, in the first step, by the scores received on the PSAT/NMSQT test. Some private scholarship programs require the applicants to take the PSAT.

Other sources of information on scholarships are libraries, newspapers, the yellow pages, and Internet search engines. A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... St. ... At Wikiversity you can learn more and teach others about Theology at: The School of Theology Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... Chambers of commerce are business advocacy groups which are usually not associated with government. ... Students in Rome, Italy. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... The PSAT/NMSQT, or Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test, is a multiple-choice standardized test administered by the College Board and National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC). ... Main article: Secondary education High school is a name used in some parts of the world, and particularly in North America, to describe the last segment of compulsory education. ... The SAT Reasoning Test is a standardized test for college admissions in the United States. ... Julio Pérez Ferrero Library - Cúcuta, Colombia A modern-style library in Chambéry A library is a collection of information resources and services, organized for use, and maintained by a public body, institution, or private individual. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


Famous scholarships

Americas Junior Miss is a national scholarship program of 48 years created to provide young high school seniors with the opportunity and support needed to succeed before, during, and after attending college. ... The Canada Merit Scholarship Foundation awards are the most prestigious scholarships for entering college students in Canada and are considered the undergraduate equivalent of the Rhodes Scholarship. ... The Canada Millennium Scholarship Foundation provides students with opportunities to pursue the post-secondary education they need to prepare themselves for the future. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan, established in 1959, was designed by Commonwealth governments to enable students of high intellectual promise to pursue studies in Commonwealth countries other than their own, so that on their return they could make a distinctive contribution in their own countries while fostering mutual understanding... Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange (CBYX) logo The Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange (CBYX, German name: Parlamentarisches Patenschafts-Programm or PPP) is a youth exchange program founded in 1983. ... The Families of Freedom Scholarship Fund provides funding for four years of post-secondary education of children and spouses of those who died or who were permanently disabled on September 11, 2001. ... The Fulbright Program aka Fulbright-Hays Program [1] is a program of educational grants (Fulbright Fellowships and Fulbright Scholarships), founded by United States Senator J. William Fulbright, and sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State, governments in other countries, and the... The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation established the Gates Cambridge Scholarships with a $210 million endowment in 2000 to enable outstanding graduate students from outside the United Kingdom to study at the University of Cambridge. ... The George J. Mitchell Scholarship facilitates graduate study by US citizens between the ages of 18 and 30 at institutions of higher learning on the island of Ireland. ... The Jack Kent Cooke Foundation was founded in 2000 through the will of Jack Kent Cooke. ... Kin Canada Bursaries, a program of the Hal Rogers Endowment Fund, provides financial assistance to eligible persons in their quest for higher learning. ... The official logo of the Marshall Scholarship is a blended image of the US and UK flags. ... Not to be confused with Miss USA. Miss America contestants visit Andrews Air Force Base in 2003 The Miss America pageant is a long-standing competition which awards scholarships to young women from the 50 states plus two territories of the United States of America. ... The National Merit Scholarship Program is an academic scholarship competition for recognition and college scholarships administered by National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC), a privately funded, not-for-profit organization. ... A Presidents Scholar is a recipient/awardee of the most prestigious class of university undergraduate scholarships handed out to Junior College students with Singaporean citizenship annually, with approximately only 2-4 being handed out each year. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Samsung Global Scholarship Program (GSP), sometimes called the Samsung Genius Scholarship Program, is a study and work program of Samsung Electronics designed to give the proper education, national and corporate cultural experience to enable young professionals to become global leaders, working at the various affiliates in key markets worldwide. ... President Harry S. Truman The Harry S. Truman Scholarship is a federal scholarship granted to U.S. college juniors for demonstrated leadership potential and a commitment to public service. ... United Negro College Fund logo The United Negro College Fund (UNCF) is a Fairfax, Virginia-based American philanthropic organization that fundraises college tuition money for African- American students and general scholarship funds for 39 historically black colleges and universities. ... Winchester College is a well-known boys independent school, and an example of a British public school, in the city of Winchester in Hampshire, England. ... The World Bank Scholarship programme began in 1982. ...

See also

A demyship is a form of scholarship, specifically at Magdalen College, Oxford. ... At the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, an exhibition is a financial award or grant to an individual student, normally on grounds of merit. ... Financial aid refers to funding intended to help students pay tuition or other costs, such as room and board, for education at a college, university, or private school. ... A financial endowment is a transfer of money or property donated to an institution, with the stipulation that it be invested, and the principal remain intact. ... An athletic scholarship is a form of scholarship to attend a college or university awarded to an individual based predominantly on their ability to play in a sport. ...

References

DiFiore, Laura, et al. "Tips on Finding Scholarships." FreSch! Free Scholarship Search. 1997.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Scholarship Help and Advice Center - Scholarship Information In An Easy To Understand Format (827 words)
You must be able to write about a variety of topics that may or may not be exciting to you in a fluid and thoughtful way, demonstrating that you are a scholar or would like to be a scholar.
Because scholarship committees award funding to candidates they can understand and relate to and who distinguish themselves from other candidates by their ability to communicate their special-ness.
Scholarships are the ideal form of student aid, as they're basically gifts that never have to be repaid.
FinAid | Scholarships (779 words)
Undergraduate scholarships and graduate fellowships are forms of aid that help students pay for their education.
The most prestigious scholarships and fellowships also attract a lot of attention because they are among the most lucrative and competitive awards.
Once you've identified the scholarships for which you are eligible, FinAid has many good suggestions on how to maximize your chances of winning a scholarship.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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