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Encyclopedia > Schmalkaldic League

The Schmalkaldic League was a defensive league of Protestant princes in the Holy Roman Empire in the mid-16th century. It receives it name from the town of Schmalkalden, in Thuringia. Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (German: Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation â–¶ (help· info), Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium Nationis Germanicae, see names and designations of the empire) was a political conglomeration of lands in Central Europe in the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Schmalkalden is a town in the Kreis (district) of Schmalkalden-Meiningen in the southwestern portion of the German state of Thuringia. ... The Free State of Thuringia (German Freistaat Thüringen) lies in central Germany and is among the smaller of the countrys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 sq. ...


The League was assembled by Philipp I of Hesse and John Frederick, Elector of Saxony at Schmalkalden in 1531, pledging to defend each other if their territories were attacked by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Anhalt, Bremen, Brunswick-Lüneburg, Magdeburg, Mansfeld, Strassburg, and Ulm were the other original members. Constance, Reutlingen, Memmingen, Lindau, Biberach an der Riß, Isny im Allgäu, and Lübeck later joined as well. The League agreed to provide 10,000 troops and 2000 knights for their mutual protection. Philipp I of Hesse Philipp I, Landgraf von Hessen, the Magnanimous (13 November 1504 - 31 March 1567), was a leading champion of the Reformation and one of the most important German rulers of the Renaissance. ... Portrait by Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1531 Johann Friedrich I, Elector of Saxony (30 June 1503 - 3 March 1554), called John the Magnanimous, was head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany (the Schmalkaldic League), Champion of the Reformation. He was the son of John the Steadfast of Saxony and born... Schmalkalden is a town in the Kreis (district) of Schmalkalden-Meiningen in the southwestern portion of the German state of Thuringia. ... Events January 26 - Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake-- thousands die October 1 - Battle of Kappel - The forces of Zürich are defeated by the Catholic cantons. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Anhalt is a historical region of Germany, which is now included in the state of Saxony-Anhalt. ... The river Weser flows through Bremen to the estuary at Bremerhaven. ... Brunswick-Lüneburg was an historical state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... Magdeburg, the capital city of the Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, lies on the Elbe river. ... Mansfeld can refer to: Ernst, Graf von Mansfield, a general of the Thirty Years War Mansfelder Land, a district of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... City motto: – City proper (commune) Région Alsace Département Bas-Rhin (67) Mayor Fabienne Keller (UMP) (since 2001) Area 78. ... Ulm is a city in the German Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg (about 100 km south-east of Stuttgart). ... This article needs cleanup. ... Position of Reutlingen in Germany Reutlingen is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Memmingen is a town in the Bavarian administrative region Swabia in Germany. ... Lindau is a German city and an island in the eastern part of the Lake Constance, the Obersee. ... Part of Weberberg Biberach is a city in the south of Germany, capital of the district Biberach in Baden-Württemberg. ... Isny im Allgäu is a city in south-eastern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Lübeck ( pronunc. ... The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 2,000,000,000,001. ...


In 1532 the League allied with France, and in 1538 with Denmark. The League rarely provoked Charles directly, but confiscated Church land, expelled bishops and Catholic princes, and helped spread Lutheranism throughout northern Germany. Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... Events Treaty of Nagyvarad. ... Luthers seal Lutheranism is a Christian tradition committed to the main theological insights of Martin Luther. ...


In 1544 Charles V made peace with France, with France agreeing to end their alliance. Charles and Pope Paul III began to gather an army in 1546, while the members of the League bickered amongst themselves, unable to unite in defense as they had originally planned. Charles defeated the League at the Battle of Mühlberg on April 24, 1547, capturing many of its leaders. However, new Protestant leagues were created, eventually leading to the Peace of Augsburg in 1555. Events April 11 - Battle of Ceresole - French forces under the Comte dEnghien defeat Imperial forces under the Marques Del Vasto near Turin. ... Paul III, né Alessandro Farnese (February 29, 1468 – November 10, 1549) was pope from 1534 to 1549. ... The Battle of Mühlberg was a large battle in which the Holy Roman Empire decisively dismantled the Schmalkaldic League. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... Events January 16 - Grand Duke Ivan IV of Muscovy becomes the first Tsar of Russia. ... The Peace of Augsburg was a treaty signed between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the forces of the Schmalkaldic League on September 25, 1555 at the city of Augsburg in Germany. ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Schmalkaldic League. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (154 words)
Led by Philip of Hesse and John Frederick I of Saxony, the league grew rapidly.
In an effort to crush the independence of the states of the empire and to restore unity to the Roman Catholic Church, Charles initiated the so-called Schmalkaldic War against the league.
At the battle of Mühlberg (1547), the league was defeated.
Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Schmalkaldic League (229 words)
The Schmalkaldic League was a defensive league of Protestant princes in the Holy Roman Empire in the mid-16th century.
The League was assembled by Philip of Hesse[?] and John of Saxony[?] at Schmalkalden in 1531, pledging to defend each other if their territories were attacked by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
Charles defeated the League at the Battle of Mühlberg[?] on April 24, 1547, capturing many of its leaders.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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