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Encyclopedia > Schleswig

The region of Schleswig (former English name: Sleswick, Danish: Sønderjylland or Slesvig, Low German: Sleswig, North Frisian: Slaswik or Sleesweg) covers the area about 60 km north and 70 km south of the border between Germany and Denmark. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Low German (also called Plattdeutsch, Plattdüütsch or Low Saxon) is a name for the regional language varieties of the Low Germanic languages spoken mainly in northern Germany, southern Denmark and eastern Netherlands. ... North Frisian is a minority language of Germany, spoken by about 10000 people in North-Frisia (North Frisian Fraschlönj). ...


The area's traditional significance lies in the transfer of goods between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, connecting the trade route through Russia with the trade routes along Rhine and the Atlantic coast. The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53 deg. ... At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (German Rhein, French Rhin, Dutch Rijn, Romansch: Rein, Italian: Reno) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ...


Schleswig was a Danish duchy that evolved in the 11-12th century. Feuds and marriage policies resulted in a close connection with the German Duchy of Holstein by the 15th century. The latter was a fief subordinated to the Holy Roman Empire, while Schleswig remained a Danish fief. This caused several disputes between Germany and Denmark in the 19th century, when the ideas of the nation state won popular support. The Duchy of Schleswig was in personal union with the kingdom of Denmark from 1460, and a fief under the Danish Crown until 1864. In 1864 Schleswig-Holstein became a part of Prussia until a referendum in 1920 resulted in the region being split with Northern Schleswig rejoining Denmark, and Southern Schleswig voting to remain a part of Germany. Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low German: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe, Eider, and the Schlei firth. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... A duchy is a territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess. ... A personal union is a political union of two or more entities that, internationally, are considered separate states, but through established law, share the same head of state —hence also whatever political actions are vested in the head of state, but no (or very few) others. ... Events The first Portuguese navigators reach the coast of modern Sierra Leone. ... Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud or fee, consisted of heritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a vassal knights service (usually fealty, military service, and security). ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Sønderjyllands Amt (English: South Jutland County) is a county in southern Denmark, on the peninsula of Jutland. ... Southern Schleswig is a name for the geographical area covering the 30-40 most northern kilometers of Germany where Germany borders to Denmark. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Schleswig - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (282 words)
Schleswig was a Danish duchy that evolved in the 11-12th century.
The Duchy of Schleswig was in personal union with the kingdom of Denmark from 1460, and a fief under the Danish Crown until 1864.
In 1864 Schleswig-Holstein became a part of Prussia until a referendum in 1920 resulted in the region being split with Northern Schleswig rejoining Denmark, and Southern Schleswig voting to remain a part of Germany.
Second War on Schleswig - encyclopedia article about Second War on Schleswig. (3500 words)
After Christian IX of Denmark merged Schleswig and Holstein into Denmark in 1863 after his ascension to the Danish throne that year, Bismarck's diplomatic abilities finally convinced Austria to participate in the war, with the assent of the other European large powers and under the auspices of the German Confederation.
This Second War of Schleswig of 1864 was presented by invaders to be an implementation of the law of the Confideration (Bundesexekution) in Germany.
By Article V of the Treaty of Prague Schleswig was ceded by Austria to Prussia with the reservation that the populations of the North of Schleswig shall be again united with Denmark in the event of their expressing a desire so to be by a vote freely exercised.
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