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Encyclopedia > Schindler's List
Schindler's List
Directed by Steven Spielberg
Produced by Steven Spielberg
Kathleen Kennedy
Branko Lustig
Gerald R. Molen
Lew Rywin
Irving Glovin
Robert Raymond
Written by Steven Zaillian
Thomas Keneally
(Novel)
Starring Liam Neeson
Ben Kingsley
Ralph Fiennes
Caroline Goodall
Embeth Davidtz
Music by John Williams
Cinematography Janusz Kaminski
Editing by Michael Kahn
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release date(s) December 15, 1993 (USA)
February 18, 1994 (UK)
Running time 195 min
Country Flag of the United States United States
Language English
Budget $25,000,000
Gross revenue $321 million
Official website
All Movie Guide profile
IMDb profile

Schindler's List is a 1993 biographical film directed by Steven Spielberg, telling the story of Oskar Schindler, a German businessman who saved the lives of over one thousand Polish Jews during the Holocaust. It was based on the book Schindler's Ark by Thomas Keneally, and starred Liam Neeson as Schindler, Ralph Fiennes as the SS officer Amon Göth, and Ben Kingsley as Schindler's accountant Itzhak Stern. The film was a box office success, and won several Academy Awards, including Best Film and Best Director. Schindlers Ark is a Booker Prize winning novel (1982) by Thomas Keneally, which was later adapted into the highly successful movie Schindlers List directed by Steven Spielberg. ... Schindlers List movie poster. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Producer Kathleen Kennedy Kathleen Kennedy (b. ... Branko Lustig (born June 10, 1932) is a prominent film producer. ... Gerald R. Molen (b. ... Lew Rywin (born November 10, 1945 in a Siberian village) is a Polish film producer associated with Heritage Films (est. ... Steven Zaillian (born on 30 January 1953 in Fresno, California, USA) is an American screenwriter, film director, editor and producer, of Armenian descent. ... Thomas Michael Keneally AO (born October 7, 1935) also Tom Keneally, is an Australian novelist. ... William John Liam Neeson OBE (born June 7, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated Irish actor. ... Sir Ben Kingsley, CBE, (born December 31, 1943) is a British actor. ... Ralph Nathaniel Fiennes, (IPA: ), born 22 December 1962) is a Tony Award-winning, Academy Award-nominated and Genie Award-nominated British actor. ... Caroline Goodall (born on 13 November 1959 in London, England) is an English actress. ... Embeth Jean Davidtz (born August 11, 1965) is an American-born South African actress. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Janusz Zygmunt Kamiński (born June 27, 1959) is an Oscar winning cinematographer and film director who has photographed all of Steven Spielbergs movies since 1993s Schindlers List. ... This article is about Michael Kahn the film editor. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The year 1993 in film involved many significant films. ... Poster for Man on the Moon (1999), a biopic A biographical picture— often shortened to biopic— is a film that dramatizes the life of an actual person or people. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Oskar Schindler (28 April 1908 – 9 October 1974) was a Sudeten German industrialist credited with saving almost 1,200[1] Jews during the Holocaust, by having them work in his enamelware and ammunitions factories located in Poland and what is now the Czech Republic. ... “Shoah” redirects here. ... Schindlers Ark is a Booker Prize winning novel (1982) by Thomas Keneally, which was later adapted into the highly successful movie Schindlers List directed by Steven Spielberg. ... Thomas Michael Keneally AO (born October 7, 1935) also Tom Keneally, is an Australian novelist. ... William John Liam Neeson OBE (born June 7, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated Irish actor. ... Ralph Nathaniel Fiennes, (IPA: ), born 22 December 1962) is a Tony Award-winning, Academy Award-nominated and Genie Award-nominated British actor. ... SS or ss or Ss may be: The Schutzstaffel, a Nazi paramilitary force Steamship (SS) (ship prefix) The United States Secret Service A submarine not powered by nuclear energy (SS) (United States Navy designator), see SSN A Soviet/Russian surface-to-surface missile, as listed by NATO reporting name Shortstop... Amon Leopold Göth (or Goeth; November 12, 1908 – September 13, 1946) was a Hauptsturmführer of the SS and was the commandant of the Nazi concentration camp at PÅ‚aszów, Poland. ... Sir Ben Kingsley, CBE, (born December 31, 1943) is a British actor. ... Itzhak Stern was a Jewish accountant to Nazi party member Oskar Schindler. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...

Contents

Plot

The film begins with the relocation of Polish Jews from surrounding areas to Krakow in late 1939, shortly after the beginning of World War II. Oskar Schindler (Liam Neeson), an unsuccessful businessman, arrives from Czechoslovakia in hopes of using the abundant slave labor force of Jews to manufacture goods for the German military. Schindler, an opportunistic member of the Nazi Party, lavishes bribes upon the army and SS officials in charge of procurement. Sponsored by the military, Schindler acquires a factory for the production of army mess kits. Not knowing much about how to properly run such an enterprise, he gains a contact in Itzhak Stern (Ben Kingsley), a functionary in the local Judenrat (Jewish Council) who has contacts with the now underground Jewish business community in the Ghetto. They loan him the money for the factory in return for a small share of products produced (for trade on the black market). Opening the factory, Schindler pleases the Nazis and enjoys his new-found wealth and status as "Herr Director," while Stern handles all administration. Stern even suggests that Schindler hire Jews instead of Poles because they cost less (the Jews themselves get nothing; the wages are paid to the Reich). Workers in Schindler's factory are allowed outside the ghetto though, and Stern falsifies documents to ensure that as many people as possible are deemed "essential" by the Nazi bureaucracy, which saves them from being transported to concentration camps, or even death. This article needs cleanup. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Oskar Schindler (28 April 1908 – 9 October 1974) was a Sudeten German industrialist credited with saving almost 1,200[1] Jews during the Holocaust, by having them work in his enamelware and ammunitions factories located in Poland and what is now the Czech Republic. ... William John Liam Neeson OBE (born June 7, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated Irish actor. ... Slavery is any of a number of related conditions involving control of a person against his or her will, enforced by violence or other clear forms of coercion. ... The National Socialist German Workers Party, (German: , or NSDAP, commonly known as the Nazi Party), was a political party in Germany between 1919 and 1945. ... SS redirects here. ... Itzhak Stern was a Jewish accountant to Nazi party member Oskar Schindler. ... Sir Ben Kingsley, CBE, (born December 31, 1943) is a British actor. ... Judenrats, German for Jewish council, were administrative bodies that the Germans required Jews to form in each ghetto in General Government (the Nazi-occupied teritory of Poland) and later in the occupied territories of the Soviet Union. ...


Amon Göth (Ralph Fiennes) arrives in Krakow to initiate construction of a labor camp nearby, Płaszów. The SS soon clears the Krakow ghetto, sending in hundreds of troops to empty the cramped rooms and shoot anyone who protests, is uncooperative, or for no reason at all. Schindler watches the massacre from the hills overlooking the area, and is profoundly affected. He nevertheless is careful to befriend Göth and, through Stern's attention to bribery, he continues to enjoy the SS's support and protection. The camp is built outside the city at Płaszów. During this time, Schindler bribes Göth into allowing him to build a sub-camp for his workers, with the motive of keeping them safe from the depredations of the guards. Eventually, an order arrives from Berlin commanding Göth to exhume and destroy all bodies of those killed in the Krakow Ghetto, dismantle Płaszów, and to ship the remaining Jews to Auschwitz. Schindler prevails upon Göth to let him keep "his" workers, so that he can move them to a factory in his old home of Zwittau-Brinnlitz, in Moravia, away from the "final solution", now fully underway in occupied Poland. Göth acquiesces, charging a certain amount for each worker. Schindler and Stern assemble a list of workers that should keep them off the trains to Auschwitz. Amon Leopold Göth (or Goeth; November 12, 1908 – September 13, 1946) was a Hauptsturmführer of the SS and was the commandant of the Nazi concentration camp at PÅ‚aszów, Poland. ... Ralph Nathaniel Fiennes, (IPA: ), born 22 December 1962) is a Tony Award-winning, Academy Award-nominated and Genie Award-nominated British actor. ... . PÅ‚aszów (IPA pronunciation: ) was a concentration camp near Kraków. ... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ... Svitavy (German: Zwittau) is both a city and a district in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. ... Capital Prague Language(s) Czech, German Political structure Protectorate Reichsprotektor  - 1939-1941 Konstantin von Neurath  - 1941-1942 Reinhard Heydrich (acting)  - 1942-1943 Kurt Daluege (acting)  - 1943-1945 Wilhelm Frick Staatspräsident  - 1939-1945 Emil Hácha Historical era World War II  - Occupation March 15, 1939  - Fall of Prague May 13... This article is about the term with respect to the Jewish Question in World War II. For other uses, see Final Solution (disambiguation). ...


"Schindler's List" comprises these "skilled" inmates, and for many of those in Płaszów camp, being included means the difference between life and death. Almost all of the people on Schindler's list arrive safely at the new site, with exception to the train carrying the women, which is accidentally redirected to Auschwitz. Schindler rushes immediately to Auschwitz and stops their gassing. He bribes the camp commander, Rudolf Hoess, with a cache of diamonds to spare the women. As the women board the train to the site of the factory, several SS officers attempt to hold some children back and prevent them from leaving. However, Schindler, who is there to personally oversee the boarding, steps in and demands the officers release the children. Once the Schindler women arrive in Zwittau-Brinnlitz, Schindler institutes firm controls on the Nazi guards assigned to the factory, permits the Jews to observe the Sabbath, and spends much of his fortune bribing Nazi officials. In his home town, he surprises his wife while she's in church during mass, and tells her that she is the only woman in his life (despite having been shown previously to be a womanizer). She goes with him to the factory to assist him. He runs out of money just as the German army surrenders, ending the war in Europe. Rudolf Hoess Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Höß (in English commonly Hoess or Höss; November 25, 1900 – April 16, 1947) was a senior Nazi official, member of the SS and Waffen-SS (with the rank of SS-Obersturmbannführer) and commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp where he was responsible for... For other uses, see Sabbath. ...


As a German Nazi and self-described "profiteer of slave labor", Schindler must flee the oncoming Soviet Red Army. After dismissing the Nazi guards to return to their families, he packs a car in the night, and bids farewell to his workers. They give him a letter explaining he is not a criminal to them, together with a ring engraved with the Talmudic quotation, "He who saves the life of one man, saves the world entire." Schindler is touched but deeply distraught, feeling he could've done more to save many more lives. He leaves with his wife during the night. The Schindler Jews, having slept outside the factory gates through the night, are awakened by sunlight the next morning. A Soviet dragoon arrives and announces to the Jews that they have been liberated by the Red Army. The Jews walk to a nearby town in search of food. As they walk abreast, the frame changes to another of the Schindler Jews in the present day at the grave of Oskar Schindler in Israel. The film ends by showing a procession of now-aged Jews who worked in Schindler's factory, each of whom reverently sets a stone on his grave. The actors portraying the major characters walk hand-in-hand with the people they portrayed, also placing stones on Schindler's grave as they pass. We learn that the survivors and descendants of the approximately 1,100 Jews sheltered by Schindler now number over 6,000. The Jewish population of Poland, once numbering in the millions, was at the time of the film's release approximately 4,000. In a final scene, a man (the unseen face of Liam Neeson) places a rose on the grave, and stands contemplatively over it. For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... The Talmud (Hebrew: ) is a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, customs, and history. ... Soviet redirects here. ... For other uses, see Dragoon (disambiguation). ... William John Liam Neeson OBE (born June 7, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated Irish actor. ...


Production

Development

Poldek Pfefferberg was one of the Schindlerjuden, and made it his life's mission to tell the story of his savior. Pfefferberg attempted to produce a biopic of Oskar Schindler with MGM in 1963,[1] with Howard Koch writing,[2] but the deal fell through. In 1982, Thomas Keneally published Schindler's Ark, which he wrote after he met Pfefferberg. MCA president Sid Sheinberg sent director Steven Spielberg a New York Times review of the book. Spielberg was astounded by the story of Oskar Schindler, jokingly asking if it was true. Spielberg "was drawn to the paradoxical nature of [Schindler]... It was about a Nazi saving Jews... What would drive a man like this to suddenly take everything he had earned and put it in all the service of saving these lives?" Spielberg expressed enough interest for Universal Studios to buy the rights to the novel, and in early 1983 Spielberg met with Pfefferberg. Pfefferberg asked Spielberg, "Please, when are you starting?" Spielberg replied, "Ten years from now."[1] Poldek Pfefferberg was one of the Holocaust Survivors who had known Oskar Schindler, and had been protected by the man. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ... A biographical film or biopic is a film about a particular person or group of people, based on events that actually happened. ... Oskar Schindler (28 April 1908 – 9 October 1974) was a Sudeten German industrialist credited with saving almost 1,200[1] Jews during the Holocaust, by having them work in his enamelware and ammunitions factories located in Poland and what is now the Czech Republic. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Howard Koch (December 2, 1902 - August 17, 1995) was an American screenwriter who was blacklisted by the Hollywood movie studio bosses in the 1950s. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Thomas Michael Keneally AO (born October 7, 1935) also Tom Keneally, is an Australian novelist. ... Schindlers Ark is a Booker Prize winning novel (1982) by Thomas Keneally, which was later adapted into the highly successful movie Schindlers List directed by Steven Spielberg. ... The Music Corporation of America was a United States based corporation in the music business. ... Sid Sheinburg was the head of Universal Studios productions from 1973 to 1995. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Oskar Schindler (28 April 1908 – 9 October 1974) was a Sudeten German industrialist credited with saving almost 1,200[1] Jews during the Holocaust, by having them work in his enamelware and ammunitions factories located in Poland and what is now the Czech Republic. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ...


Spielberg was unsure of his own maturity in making a film about the Holocaust, and the project remained "on [his] guilty conscience". Spielberg attempted to pass off the project to director Roman Polanski, but Polanski turned down the project, finding the subject matter too sensitive because his mother was gassed at Auschwitz,[3] and from his own personal experiences in (and his eventual survival of) the Kraków Ghetto. Spielberg also offered the film to Sydney Pollack.[2] Martin Scorsese was attached to direct Schindler's List in 1988. However, Spielberg was unsure of letting Scorsese direct Schindler's List, as "I'd given away a chance to do something for my children and family about the Holocaust." Spielberg offered him to direct the Cape Fear remake instead.[2] Billy Wilder also expressed interest in directing the film, "as a memorial to most of [his] family, who went to Auschwitz." Spielberg finally decided to direct the film, after hearing of the Bosnian genocide and various Holocaust deniers.[1] Spielberg stated that with the rise of neo-nazism after the fall of the Berlin Wall, people were once again tolerating intolerance, as they did in the 1930s. In addition, Spielberg, who suffered Antisemitism as a child, was accepting his Jewish heritage while raising his children.[4] Sid Sheinberg greenlit the film on one condition: that Spielberg make Jurassic Park first. Spielberg later said, "He knew that once I had directed Schindler I wouldn't be able to do Jurassic Park".[2] For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... Roman Polanski (born August 18, 1933) is an Academy Award-winning film director, writer, actor, and producer. ... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ... Deportation of Jews from the Kraków Ghetto, March 1943 The Jewish ghetto in Kraków (Cracow) was one of the five main ghettos created by the Nazis in the General Government, during their occupation of Poland during World War II. It was a staging point to begin dividing able... Sydney Pollack (born July 1, 1934 in Lafayette, Indiana) is an American actor, producer, and director. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (b. ... Cape Fear is a 1991 film, directed by Martin Scorsese. ... Billy Wilder (June 22, 1906 – March 27, 2002) was an Austrian-born, Jewish-American journalist, screenwriter, film director, and producer whose career spanned more than 50 years and 60 films. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Srebrenica massacre. ... Richard Harwoods Did Six Million Really Die? Holocaust denial refers to the claims of a small number of amateur historians who argue that the Holocaust is either exaggerated or completely falsified. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, November 20, 1961. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ...


Thomas Keneally was initially hired to adapt his book in 1983, and he turned in a 220-page script. Keneally focused on Schindler's numerous relationships, and admitted he did not compress the story enough. Spielberg hired Kurt Luedtke, who wrote Out of Africa, to write the next draft. Luedtke gave up almost four years later, as he found Schindler's change of heart too unbelievable. During his time as director, Scorsese hired Steve Zaillian to write the script. When he was handed back the project, Spielberg found Zaillian's 115-page draft too short, and asked him to extend it to 195 pages. Spielberg wanted to focus on the Jews in the story, and extended the ghetto liquidation sequence, as Spielberg "felt very strongly that the sequence had to be almost unwatchable." Spielberg also felt Schindler's transition had to be ambiguous, and not "some kind of explosive catharsis that would turn this into The Great Escape."[2] In 1985, the film Out of Africa was released, based loosely on the autobiographical book by Isak Dinesen published in 1937, as well as Dinesens Shadows on the Grass and other sources. ... Steven Zaillian (born on 30 January 1953 in Fresno, California, USA) is an American screenwriter, film director, editor and producer, of Armenian descent. ... The Great Escape, written by James Clavell, W.R. Burnett, and Walter Newman (uncredited), and directed by John Sturges is a popular 1963 World War II film, based on a true story about Allied prisoners of war with a record for escaping from German prisoner-of-war camps. ...


Casting

Liam Neeson auditioned as Oskar Schindler very early on in the casting process, and was cast in December 1992, after Spielberg saw him perform in Anna Christie on Broadway. Kevin Costner and Mel Gibson also expressed interest in portraying Schindler.[2] Neeson felt "[Schindler] enjoyed fookin' with the Nazis. In Keneally's book it says he was regarded as a kind of a buffoon by them... if the Nazis were New Yorkers, he was from Arkansas. They don't quite take him seriously, and he used that to full effect."[5] To prepare for the role, Neeson was sent tapes of Time Warner CEO Steve Ross, who had a charisma Spielberg compared to Schindler.[6] William John Liam Neeson OBE (born June 7, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated Irish actor. ... Oskar Schindler (28 April 1908 – 9 October 1974) was a Sudeten German industrialist credited with saving almost 1,200[1] Jews during the Holocaust, by having them work in his enamelware and ammunitions factories located in Poland and what is now the Czech Republic. ... Anna Christie is a play in four acts by Eugene ONeill. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an American film actor, director and producer. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-born actor, director and producer. ... This article is about the state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Time Warner Inc. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Ralph Fiennes was cast as Amon Göth after Spielberg viewed his performances in A Dangerous Man: Lawrence After Arabia and Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights. Spielberg said of Fiennes' audition that "I saw sexual evil. It is all about subtlety: there were moments of kindness that would move across his eyes and then instantly run cold." Fiennes put on 28lbs to play the role and looked at newsreels and talked to Holocaust survivors who knew Göth. In portraying him, Fiennes said "I got close to his pain. Inside him is a fractured, miserable human being. I feel split about him, sorry for him. He's like some dirty, battered doll I was given and that I came to feel peculiarly attached to." Fiennes looked so much like Göth in costume that Mila Pfefferberg, a survivor, trembled with fear.[7] Ralph Nathaniel Fiennes, (IPA: ), born 22 December 1962) is a Tony Award-winning, Academy Award-nominated and Genie Award-nominated British actor. ... Amon Leopold Göth (or Goeth; November 12, 1908 – September 13, 1946) was a Hauptsturmführer of the SS and was the commandant of the Nazi concentration camp at PÅ‚aszów, Poland. ... Emily Brontës Wuthering Heights was a 1992 feature film adaptation of Emily Brontës novel Wuthering Heights. ... A Newsreel is a documentary film that is regularly released in a public presentation place containing filmed news stories. ...


Overall, there are 126 speaking parts in the film, and thirty thousand extras were hired during filming. Spielberg cast children of the Schindlerjuden for key Jewish speaking roles, and also hired Catholic Poles for the survivors. Halfway during the shoot, Spielberg conceived the epilogue where 128 Schindlerjuden pay their respects to Schindler's grave in Jerusalem. The producers scrambled to find the real life people portrayed in the film.[2] This article belongs in one or more categories. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ...


Filming

Shooting for Schindler's List began on March 1, 1993 in Krakow, Poland, and continued for seventy-one days.[1] The crew shot at the real life locations, though the Plaszow camp had to be reconstructed in a pit adjacent to the original site, due to post-war changes to the original camp. The crew were also forbidden to enter Auschwitz, so they shot at a replica outside the camp.[6] The Polish locals welcomed the filmmakers. There were some antisemitic incidents; anti-Semitic symbols scrawled on local billboards near shooting locations.[2] An elderly woman mistook Fiennes for a Nazi and told him "the Germans were charming people. They didn't kill anybody who didn't deserve it",[7] while Kingsley nearly entered a brawl with an elderly German-speaking businessman who insulted Israeli actor Michael Schneider.[8] Nonetheless, Spielberg stated that at Passover, "all the German actors showed up. They put on yarmulkes and opened up Haggadas, and the Israeli actors moved right next to them and began explaining it to them. And this family of actors sat around and race and culture were just left behind."[8] is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... This article needs cleanup. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... This article is about the Jewish holiday. ... A kippah (Hebrew: כִּפָּה, also kipah, kipa, kippa, plural kippot; Yiddish: יאַרמלקע, yarmlke, yarmulke, yarmulka, yarmelke, less commonly called kapel; English: skullcap, cap of maintenance) is a thin, usually slightly-rounded cloth cap worn by observant Jews (usually men, but not always; see below). ... The Haggadah (הגדה) is a Hebrew language text used at the Passover service containing the Seder. ...

"I was hit in the face with my personal life. My upbringing. My Jewishness. The stories my grandparents told me about the Shoah. And Jewish life came pouring back into my heart. I cried all the time."
Steven Spielberg on his emotional state during the shoot[3]

Shooting Schindler's List was a deeply emotional time for Spielberg, as the subject matter forced him to confront elements of his childhood, such as the anti-semitism he faced. He was furious with himself when he didn't "cry buckets" while visiting Auschwitz, and was one of many crew members who did not look on during shooting of the scene where aging Jews are forced to run naked being selected by Nazi doctors to go to Auschwitz.[6] Kate Capshaw and Spielberg's five children accompanied Spielberg on set, and he later thanked his wife "for rescuing me ninety-two days in a row... when things just got too unbearable." Spielberg's parents and his rabbi also visited him on set. Robin Williams called Spielberg every two weeks to cheer him up with various jokes. Spielberg forwent a salary, calling it "blood money", and believed the film would flop.[1] kobe is the best NOT!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! yesssssssssss not because KG is. ... The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ... The tear system. ... Kate Capshaw in June 1984. ... For the town in Italy, see Rabbi, Italy. ... For other persons named Robin Williams, see Robin Williams (disambiguation). ... Blood money is money paid as a fine to the next of kin of somebody who was killed intentionally. ...


Cinematography

Spielberg decided not to plan the film with storyboards, and to shoot the film like a documentary, looking to the documentaries The Twisted Cross (1956)[9] and Shoah (1985) for inspiration. Forty percent of the film was shot with handheld cameras, and the modest budget meant the film was shot quickly over seventy-two days. Spielberg felt that this gave the film "a spontaneity, an edge, and it also serves the subject." Spielberg said that he "got rid of the crane, got rid of the Steadicam, got rid of the zoom lenses, [and] got rid of everything that for me might be considered a safety net."[6] Such a style made Spielberg feel like an artist, as he limited his tools for a film he felt didn't have to be commercially successful.[4] This matured Spielberg, who felt that in the past he had always been paying tribute to directors such as Cecil B. DeMille or David Lean.[8] On this film, his shooting style was purely his own. He proudly noted that in this film, there were no crane shots.[2] Storyboards are illustrations displayed in sequence for the purpose of previsualizing an animated or live-action film. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... Shoah is a nine-hour documentary film completed by Claude Lanzmann in 1985 about the Holocaust (or Shoah). ... To film this recreated Victorian London street scene, the cameraman next to the lamp post is using a steadicam and wearing the harness required to support it. ... A Canon Inc. ... Cecil Blount DeMille (August 12, 1881 – January 21, 1959) was one of the most successful filmmakers during the first half of the 20th century. ... Sir David Lean, KBE (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was an English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Doctor Zhivago . ...


The decision to shoot the film in black and white lent to the documentarian style of cinematography, which cinematographer Janusz Kaminski compared to German Expressionism and Italian neorealism.[6] Kaminski said that he wanted to give a timeless sense to the film, so the audience would "not have a sense of when it was made."[6] Spielberg was following suit with "[v]irtually everything I've seen on the Holocaust... which have largely been stark, black and white images."[10] Universal chairman Tom Pollock asked Spielberg to shoot the film in a color negative, to allow color VHS copies of the film to be sold, but Spielberg did not want "to beautify events."[6] Black and white did present challenges to the color-familiar crew. Allan Starski, the production designer, had to make the sets darker or lighter than the people in the scenes, so they would not blend. The costumes also had to be distinguished from skin tones or colors being used for the sets.[10] Black-and-white is a broad adjectival term used to describe a number of monochrome forms of visual arts. ... Janusz Zygmunt Kamiński (born June 27, 1959) is an Oscar winning cinematographer and film director who has photographed all of Steven Spielbergs movies since 1993s Schindlers List. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Italian neorealism is a film movement characterized by stories set amongst the poor and working class, filmed in long takes on location, frequently using nonprofessional actors for secondary and sometimes primary roles. ... The original camera negative is the film in a motion picture camera that captures the original image. ...


Music

John Williams composed the score for Schindler's List. The composer was amazed by the film, and felt it would be too challenging. Spielberg convinced him that any "better composer"s were "all dead". Williams played the main theme on piano, and following Spielberg's suggestion, he hired Itzhak Perlman to perform it on the violin. In the scene where children are transported away on trucks, while their screaming mothers give chase, the folk song "Oifen Pripetchik" is sung by a children's choir. The song was often sung by Spielberg's grandmother, Becky, to her grandchildren.[11] For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Itzhak Perlman (born August 31, 1945) is an Israeli-American violinist, conductor, and pedagogue. ...


Symbols

The girl in the red coat

Schindler sees a little girl wearing a red coat The red coat is one of the few instances of color in the black-and-white scenes of the film
Schindler sees a little girl wearing a red coat The red coat is one of the few instances of color in the black-and-white scenes of the film

Though the film is primarily shot in black-and-white, red is used to distinguish a little girl in a coat. Later in the film, she is seen dead. This character is based on Roma Ligocka, who was well known in the Warsaw Ghetto for her red coat. Ligocka in fact survived the Holocaust and, after the film was released, published a novel in 2000 entitled The Girl in the Red Coat: A Memoir.[12] This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Black-and-white or black and white) can refer to a general term used in photography, film, and other media (see black-and-white). ... Black-and-white or black and white) can refer to a general term used in photography, film, and other media (see black-and-white). ... Monument to the Ghetto Heroes in Warsaw The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest of the Jewish ghettos established by Nazi Germany in Warsaw, former capital of Poland in the General Government during the Holocaust in World War II. Between 1941 and 1943, starvation, disease and deportations to concentration camps and... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...


According to Andy Patrizio of IGN, the girl in the red coat is used to indicate that Schindler has changed: "Spielberg put a twist on her [Ligocka's] story, turning her into one more pile on the cart of corpses to be incinerated. The look on Schindler's face is unmistakable. Minutes earlier, he saw the ash and soot of burning corpses piling up on his car as just an annoyance."[13] Andre Caron wondered whether it was done "[t]o symbolize innocence, hope or the red blood of the Jewish people being sacrificed in the horror of the Holocaust?"[14] Spielberg himself has explained that he only followed the novel, and his interpretation was that For other uses, see IGN (disambiguation). ...

"America and Russia and England all knew about the Holocaust when it was happening, and yet we did nothing about it. We didn’t assign any of our forces to stopping the march toward death, the inexorable march toward death. It was a large bloodstain, primary red color on everyone’s radar, but no one did anything about it. And that’s why I wanted to bring the color red in."[15]

Smoke

The beginning features a family observing the Shabbat. Spielberg said, "to start the film with the candles being lit... would be a rich bookend, to start the film with a normal Shabbes service before the juggernaut against the Jews begins." When the color fades out in the film's opening moments, smoke symbolizes the horror of bodies being burnt at Auschwitz. Only at the end do the images of candle fire regain their warmth when Schindler holds a Shabbat service for his workers. For Spielberg, they represent "just a glint of color, and a glimmer of hope."[2] For other uses, see Sabbath. ...


Reception

The film opened for general release in the United States on 15 December 1993. By March of 1994 the film has grossed $45.9 million dollars in the United States and over $321.2 million worldwide.[16] In Germany, over 5.8 million admission tickets were sold.[16]


Schindler's List won seven Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Director. Liam Neeson and Ralph Fiennes were nominated for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor respectively, but did not win.[17] At the British Academy awards the film won Best Film, the David Lean Award for for Direction, Best Supporting Actor (Ralph Fiennes), Cinematography, Editing and Score.[16] Schindler's List also won Golden Globes for Best Motion Picture (Drama), Best Director and Best Screenplay, with John Williams awarded the Grammy for the films musical score.[16] Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... // The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ... The British Academy is the United Kingdoms national academy for the humanities and the social sciences. ... Sir David Lean, KBE (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was an English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Doctor Zhivago . ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music...


The American Film Institute voted it #9 on their AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies series, and in 2007 was voted in at #8 for the tenth anniversary list. In addition, the American Film Institute voted Liam Neeson's Schindler as the 13th greatest movie hero of all time, while Ralph Fiennes' Göth was voted the 15th greatest villain in the AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains series. In 2006 it was selected as the 3rd most inspiring movie of all time by AFI's 100 Years... 100 Cheers. In 2004, the Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry.[18] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The first of the AFI 100 Years. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with AFIs 100 Years. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... // AFIs 100 Years. ... 100 Years. ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... The National Film Registry is the registry of films selected by the United States National Film Preservation Board for preservation in the Library of Congress. ...


In addition, Schindler's List also featured on a number of other "best of" lists, including the Time magazine's Top Hundred as selected by critics Richard Corliss and Richard Schickel, Time Out magazine's 100 Greatest Films Centenary Poll conducted in 1995, Roger Ebert's "Great Movies"' series, and Leonard Maltin's "100 Must See Movies of the Century". In addition, The Vatican named Schindler's List among the top 45 films ever made (in the Values subsection).[19] Richard Corliss is a writer for Time magazine who focuses on movies, with the occasional article on music or sports, and has distinguished himself for his clever way with words. ... Richard Warren Schickel (b. ... Time-out can mean: sport time-out, a break in play that may be called by a side to formulate strategy or respond to an players injury. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... Leonard Maltin (born December 18, 1950 in New York City) is a widely known and respected American film critic. ...


Following the success of the film, Spielberg founded and continues to finance the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation, a non-profit organization with the goal of providing an archive for the filmed testimony of as many survivors of the Holocaust as possible, so that their stories will not be lost.[16] Spielberg also used the money from the film to finance several related documentaries including The Lost Children of Berlin (1996), Anne Frank Remembered (1995) and The Last Days (1998).[16] History The Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation, or simply Shoah Foundation, was established by Steven Spielberg in 1994, one year after completing the Academy Award-winning film Schindlers List. The original aim of the Foundation was to record testimonies of all of the remaining survivors of the... A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... Documentary film is a broad category of cinematic expression united by the intent to remain factual or non-fictional. ... The Last Days is an Academy Award winning documentary, directed by James Moll and produced by June Beallor and Ken Lipper in 1998. ...


Controversies

According to Czech filmmaker Juraj Herz, the scene in which a group of women confuse a gas chamber with an actual shower is taken directly, shot by shot, from his Zastihla mě noc (1986). Herz says he wanted to sue, but was unable to come up with the money to fund the effort.[20]


On Sunday, February 23, 1997, the film was shown on television in the United States, being carried by NBC with a pair of intermissions by the Ford Motor Company (they consisted of the Ford logo on a black background, the film's soundtrack playing and a small clock indicating how long before the film resumes). This was deemed rather hypocritical by some. Professor Rich Gibson of Wayne State University stated that "It is not surprising that the company founded by Henry Ford, that premature Nazi, finds nothing odd with sponsoring Steven Spielberg's movie. Ford helped engineer the ideology and practice of fascism by publishing the anti-semitic Dearborn Independent and accepting Hitler's Iron Cross. The movie does but a little to rupture Ford's project." Sources attest to Henry Ford being anti-semitic.[21] is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... This article is about the television network. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... For College in Nebraska, see Wayne State College. ... Henry Ford (1919) Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. ...


As to the 1997 television showing of the film itself, per Spielberg's insistence, it aired unedited and nearly uncensored, although the sex scene was mildly edited by removing nearly all of the "thrusting." The telecast was the first ever to receive a TV-M (now TV-MA) rating under the TV Parental Guidelines that had been established at the beginning of that year. Many fundamentalist and evangelical Christian groups, which had previously been squeamish about the movie, stridently objected to the film being shown on network television at all, due to scenes of nudity, violence, and the use of vulgar language which were not edited out of the TV production. Senator Tom Coburn, then an Oklahoma congressman, stated that NBC, by airing the film, had brought television "to an all-time low, with full-frontal nudity, violence and profanity," adding that airing the film was an insult to "decent-minded individuals everywhere."[22] Under fire from fellow Republicans as well as from Democrats, Coburn apologized for his outrage, saying: "My intentions were good, but I've obviously made an error in judgment in how I've gone about saying what I wanted to say." He said he hadn't reversed his opinion on airing the film, but qualified it ought to have been aired later at night, when there aren't, as he said, "large numbers of children watching without parental supervision."[23] It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled List of television rating systems, TV Parental Guidelines, Media content rating in country and Television content rating in country. ... Fundamentalism is a movement to maintain strict adherence to founding principles. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The word evangelicalism often refers to... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Thomas Allen Tom Coburn, M.D. (born March 14, 1948) is a medical doctor and a Republican U.S. Senator from Oklahoma. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party...


References

  1. ^ a b c d e McBride, Joseph (1997). Steven Spielberg. Faber and Faber, 424-27. ISBN 0-571-19177-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Making History", Entertainment Weekly, 1994-01-21. Retrieved on 2007-08-08. 
  3. ^ a b McBride, Joseph (1997). Steven Spielberg. Faber and Faber, 414-16. ISBN 0-571-19177-0. 
  4. ^ a b (1994-01-31). Face to Face. BBC Two.
  5. ^ "OSKAR WINNER", Entertainment Weekly, 1994-01-21. Retrieved on 2007-08-08. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g McBride, Joseph (1997). Steven Spielberg. Faber and Faber, 429-33. ISBN 0-571-19177-0. 
  7. ^ a b Richard Corliss. "The Man Behind the Monster", TIME, 1994-02-21. Retrieved on 2007-08-08. 
  8. ^ a b c David Ansen; Abigail Kuflik. "Spielberg's obsession", Newsweek, pp. 112-116. 
  9. ^ Steven Spielberg. (2006-11-04). The Culture Show [TV]. BBC2.
  10. ^ a b Behind The Scenes: Production Notes. Official site. Retrieved on 2007-08-08.
  11. ^ Susan Goldman Rubin (2001). Steven Spielberg. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 73-74. ISBN 0-8109-4492-8. 
  12. ^ INSTYTUT KSIĄŻKI: Roma Ligocka
  13. ^ Andy Patrizio. "Schindler's List", IGN, 2004-03-10. Retrieved on 2007-08-09. 
  14. ^ Andre Caron. "Spielberg's Fiery Lights", Senses of Cinema. Retrieved on 2007-08-09. 
  15. ^ David Anker (director), Steven Spielberg. (2005-04-05). Imaginary Witness: Hollywood and the Holocaust (TV). AMC.
  16. ^ a b c d e f Freer, Ian (2001). The Complete Steven Spielberg. Virgin Books, 220-237. ISBN 0-7535-0556-8. 
  17. ^ Schindler's List - Awards and Nominations. Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved on 2007-08-08.
  18. ^ National Film Registry, List of Films 2004. National Film Registry. Retrieved on 2007-10-28.
  19. ^ The Vatican Film List — Ten Years Later. Decent Films. Retrieved on 2007-10-28.
  20. ^ Ivana Kosulicova. "Drowning the bad times", Kinoeye, 2002-01-07. Retrieved on 2007-08-08. 
  21. ^ Jonathan Logsdon. "[http://history.hanover.edu/hhr/99/hhr99_2.html Power, Ignorance, and Anti-Semitism: Henry Ford and His War on Jews]", Hanover University, Indiana. Retrieved on 2007-10-03. 
  22. ^ Reason. "The Minority Leader", Reason. Retrieved on 2007-08-08. 
  23. ^ Associated Press. "After rebuke, congressman apologizes for 'Schindler's List' remarks", CNN, 1997-02-26. Retrieved on 2007-08-08. 

Joseph McBride is an American film columnist, screenwriter and professor of film and literature. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph McBride is an American film columnist, screenwriter and professor of film and literature. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Face To Face was a live 35 episode BBC British television series broadcast between 1959 and 1962. ... For the BBC radio station, see BBC Radio 2. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph McBride is an American film columnist, screenwriter and professor of film and literature. ... Richard Corliss is a writer for Time magazine who focuses on movies, with the occasional article on music or sports, and has distinguished himself for his clever way with words. ... Look up time in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Culture Show is a weekly magazine show broadcast on Saturday nights on BBC Two, focussing on the latest developments in the worlds of film, music, art, fashion and the performing arts. ... For the BBC radio station, see BBC Radio 2. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see IGN (disambiguation). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AMC is a cable television network that primarily airs movies. ... Ian Freer is a British non-fiction author and Film magazine editor, who has written several books relating to films. ... This article or section should be merged with Yahoo! Yahoo! Movies provides information on current movie theater releases, including showtimes, critical reviews and general popular opinion. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Film Registry is the registry of films selected by the United States National Film Preservation Board for preservation in the Library of Congress. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Reason (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Reason (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Awards
Preceded by
Unforgiven
Academy Award for Best Picture
1993
Succeeded by
Forrest Gump
Preceded by
Howards End
BAFTA Award for Best Film
1994
Succeeded by
Four Weddings and a Funeral
Preceded by
Scent of a Woman
Golden Globe for Best Picture - Drama
1994
Succeeded by
Forrest Gump

  Results from FactBites:
 
Schindlers List | Schindler's List DVD (331 words)
In 2000, Schindlers List of Jewish employees drawn up by Oscar Schindler to save them from Nazi death camps was discovered in a suitcase full of papers left to a German couple, the German newspaper Stuttgarter Zeitung reported.
The Schindlers List obtained by the newspaper is on letterhead for Schindler's enamelware factory in Krakow, southern Poland.
Schindler made up that list with fictitious jobs for each worker to convince the SS that they were vital to the war effort.
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