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Encyclopedia > Scheria
Nausicaa takes Odysseus to the palace
Nausicaa takes Odysseus to the palace

Σχερία (Scheria, Skhería) or Phaeacia was a phantom island mentioned in the Greek mythology and literature as the homeland of the Phaeacians and the last destination of Odysseus before coming back home to Ithaca. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2412x1512, 176 KB) Description: Illustrations of Odyssey Source: From [1] Date: 1810 Author: John Flaxman Permission: File links The following pages link to this file: Scheria ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2412x1512, 176 KB) Description: Illustrations of Odyssey Source: From [1] Date: 1810 Author: John Flaxman Permission: File links The following pages link to this file: Scheria ... Phantom islands are islands that are believed to exist and appear on maps for a period of time (sometimes centuries), and then are removed after they are proven not to exist (or the general population stops believing that they exist). ... Greek mythology consists of an extensive collection of narratives detailing the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, and heroines, which were first envisioned and disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition. ... Odysseus and the Sirens. ... For other places named Ithaca, see Ithaca (disambiguation). ...


When Odysseus sailed from Ogygia, he came upon a storm and his raft was washed up on Scheria. He was found by Nausicaa and taken to the palace of King Alcinous. Alcinous offered to take Odysseus safely to Ithaca with one of his ships. Ogygia was believed to have been an island in the Mediterranean that sank following a huge and powerful earthquake, which shook the area before the bronze age. ... Children successfully test their raft, in Brixham harbour, south Devon, England. ... Odysseus and Nausicaä - by Charles Gleyre In Greek mythology, Nausicaa, (also Náusikaa or Nausicaä) was a daughter of King Alcinous of the Phaeaceans. ... In Greek mythology, Alcinous (sometimes with the diacritical mark Alcinoüs; also transliterated as Alkínoös) was a son of Nausithous and father of Nausicaa and Laodamas with Arete. ...


The Phaeacian ships

Odysseus was understandably worried about the dangers of the trip from Scheria to Ithaca. To reassure him, King Alcinous described the remarkable qualities, of the Phaeacian ships. For other places named Ithaca, see Ithaca (disambiguation). ...

Tell me also your country, nation, and city, that our ships may shape their purpose accordingly and take you there. For the Phaeacians have no pilots; their vessels have no rudders as those of other nations have, but the ships themselves understand what it is that we are thinking about and want; they know all the cities and countries in the whole world, and can traverse the sea just as well even when it is covered with mist and cloud, so that there is no danger of being wrecked or coming to any harm. (Homer, The Odyssey, Book 8)

Despite the above qualities of the ship, it took Odysseus twenty days of sailing to arrive back home to Ithaca, thus indicating that Scheria was a long distance away from Ithaca. Bust of Homer in the British Museum For other uses, see Homer (disambiguation). ... The Odyssey is the second of the two great Greek epic poems ascribed to Homer, the first being the Iliad. ...


Geographical account by Strabo

Approximately nine centuries after Homer and twenty centuries before present, Strabo proposed that Skhería and Ogygia were located in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean: Bust of Homer in the British Museum For other uses, see Homer (disambiguation). ... Strabo (squinty) was a term employed by the Romans for anyone whose eyes were distorted or deformed. ... Ogygia was believed to have been an island in the Mediterranean that sank following a huge and powerful earthquake, which shook the area before the bronze age. ...

For Homer says also: "Now after the ship had left the river-stream of Oceanus"; and "In the island of Ogygia, where is the navel of the sea," going on to say that the daughter of Atlas lives there; and again, regarding the Phaeacians, "Far apart we live in the wash of the waves, the farthermost of men, and no other mortals are conversant with us." Now all these incidents are clearly indicated as being placed in fancy in the Atlantic Ocean. (Strabo, Geography, Book I, 2, 18)

The Greek word Φαίακες (Phaeacians) is derived from the word φαιός (phaios)[1] thus meaning "dark-skinned", which supports Strabo's proposition. Modern interpreters favour identification of Scheria with Corfu, however. Ogygia was believed to have been an island in the Mediterranean that sank following a huge and powerful earthquake, which shook the area before the bronze age. ... Strabo (squinty) was a term employed by the Romans for anyone whose eyes were distorted or deformed. ... Corfu (ancient and modern Greek Κέρκυρα, Kérkyra, Latin Corcyra; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is an island of Greece, in the Ionian Sea, off the coast of Albania, from which it is separated by a strait varying in breadth from less than 2 to about 15 miles...


External links


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